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Visegrád

This article is about a place in Hungary. For the political alliance, see Visegrád Group. For other similarly-named places, see Visegrad (disambiguation).

Visegrád (Hungarian pronunciation: ) is a small castle town in Pest County, Hungary. It is north of Budapest on the right bank of the Danube in the Danube Bend. It had a population of 1,864 in 2010. Visegrád is famous for the remains of the Early Renaissance summer palace of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and the medieval citadel.

Visegrád
Pone Navata / Altum Castrum(in Latin)
Plintenburg(in German)
Vyšehrad(in Slovak and Czech)
Descending, from top: the city in the Danube Bend, ruins of the Royal Palace, gate of the Citadel
Flag
Coat of arms
Visegrád
Location of Visegrád
Coordinates:47°47′05″N18°58′25″E /47.78483°N 18.97367°E /47.78483; 18.97367Coordinates: 47°47′05″N18°58′25″E /47.78483°N 18.97367°E /47.78483; 18.97367
CountryHungary
CountyPest
Area
• Total33.27 km2 (12.85 sq mi)
Population
(2017)
• Total1,840
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2025
Area code(s)26

Contents

The name Visegrád (Vyšehrad) is of Slavic origin, meaning acropolis, literary "the upper castle" (the castle with a privileged position) or "the upper settlement". In modern Slovak and Czech the form is Vyšehrad.

The castle of Visegrád is called Fellegvár (Citadel) in Hungarian, In German, the town is called Plintenburg.

Other places with names that are the same or similar include Višegrad, a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Vyshhorod, a city in Ukraine adjacent to Kyiv; Wyszogród, a city in Poland; the Vyšehrad castle in Prague, Czech Republic; and Vyšehrad, a location with a nature reserve near Jasenovo in Slovakia.

Visegrád was first mentioned in 1009 as a county town and the chief town of an archdeaconry. After the destructive Mongol invasion of Europe in 1242, the town was rebuilt in a slightly different location to the south. King Charles I of Hungary made Visegrád the royal seat of Hungary in 1325. At the same time, his diplomat Stephen Sáfár was appointed castellan.

In 1335, Charles hosted at Visegrád a two-month congress with the Bohemian king, John of Luxembourg, and the Polish king, Casimir III. It was crucial in creating a peace between the three kingdoms and securing an alliance between Poland and Hungary against Habsburg Austria. Another congress followed in 1339.

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary and Croatia in personal union with Hungary, moved the royal seat to Buda between 1405 and 1408. King Matthias Corvinus (1443–1490), King of Hungary, used Visegrád as a country residence.

Visegrád lost importance after the partition of the Kingdom of Hungary following the Battle of Mohács in 1526.

In 1991, the leading politicians of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland met here to form a periodical forum, the Visegrád group, with an intentional allusion to the meeting centuries earlier in 1335.

Visegrád was granted town privileges again in 2000.

Visegrád Castle
The castle at the time of King Matthias' reign
Visegrád in 1686 by Gaspar Bouttats
The King Solomon in the Solomon Tower, in Visegrád by Henrik Weber

Upper Castle

After the Mongol invasion, King Béla IV of Hungary and his wife had a new fortification system constructed in the 1240-50s near the one destroyed earlier. The first part of the new system was the Upper Castle on top of a high hill. The castle was laid out on a triangular ground plan and had three towers at its corners. In the 14th century, at the time of the Angevin kings of Hungary, the castle became a royal residence and was enlarged with a new curtain wall and palace buildings.

Around 1400 King Sigismund had a third curtain wall constructed and enlarged the palace buildings. At the end of the 15th century, King Matthias Corvinus had the interior renovated. The Upper Castle also served for the safekeeping of the Hungarian royal insignia between the 14th century and 1526. In 1544 Visegrád was occupied by the Ottoman Empire, and, apart from a short period in 1595-1605, it remained in Turkish hands until 1685. The castle was seriously damaged by the Turks and was never used afterwards.

The castle is now open to the public to visit.

Lower Castle

The Lower Castle is the part of the fortification system that connects the Upper Castle with the Danube. In its centre rises the Solomon Tower, a large, hexagonal residential tower dating from the 13th century. In the 14th century, new curtain walls were built around the tower. During a Turkish raid in 1544, the southern part of the tower collapsed. Its renovation began only in the 1870s and was finished in the 1960s.

At present, the Tower houses exhibitions installed by the King Matthias Museum (Mátyás Király Múzeum) of Visegrád. The exhibitions present the reconstructed Gothic fountains from the Royal Palace, Renaissance sculpture in Visegrád, and the history of Visegrád.

Royal Palace

The first royal house on this site was built by King Charles I of Hungary after 1325. In the second half of the 14th century, this was enlarged into a palace by his son, King Louis I of Hungary.

In the last third of the 14th century, King Louis and his successor Sigismund of Luxembourg had the majority of the earlier buildings dismantled and created a new, sumptuous palace complex, the extensive ruins of which are still visible today. The palace complex was laid out on a square ground plan measuring 123 x 123 m. A garden adjoined to it from the north and a Franciscan friary, founded by King Sigismund in 1424, from the south. In the time of Louis I and Sigismund, the palace was the official residence of the kings of Hungary until about 1405-08.

Between 1477 and 1484 Matthias Corvinus had the palace complex reconstructed in late Gothic style. The Italian Renaissance architectural style was used for decoration, the first time the style appeared in Europe outside Italy. After the Ottoman Turks' siege in 1544, the palace fell into ruins. By the 18th century it was completely covered by earth. Its excavation began in 1934 and continues today.

The reconstructed royal residence building is open to the public and houses exhibitions on the history of the palace and reconstructed historical interiors.

Sibrik Hill

The ruins of this military camp can be seen outside Visegrád, to the north, on a hill that overlooks the Danube. The camp has a triangular ground plan. It was built in the first half of the 4th century as one of the important fortifications along the limes, the frontier of the Roman Empire. Its praetorium (the commander's building) was constructed at the end of the 4th century. In the early 5th century, the Roman army abandoned the military camp.

In the 10th and 11th centuries, the fortification, rebuilt as a castle, became a regional centre of the recently formed Hungarian state. "Visegrád" appears for the first time as the name of this regional centre (1009). The fortification was finally destroyed in 1242 by the Mongol invasion of Europe.

Visegrád is twinned with:

  • Sibrik Hill

  • Royal Palace, Matthias fountain

  • Garden of the Royal Palace

  • Visegrád castle panorama

  • Visegrád castle

Wikimedia Commons has media related toVisegrád.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Visegrád.
  1. Visegrád, KSH
  2. Antal Papp: Magyarország (Hungary), Panoráma, Budapest, 1982, ISBN 963 243 241 X, p. 860, pp. 229-236
  3. "Testvérvárosok". visegrad.hu (in Hungarian). Visegrád. Retrieved2021-03-31.

Visegrád
Visegrad Language Watch Edit This article is about a place in Hungary For the political alliance see Visegrad Group For other similarly named places see Visegrad disambiguation Visegrad Hungarian pronunciation ˈviʃɛɡraːd is a small castle town in Pest County Hungary It is north of Budapest on the right bank of the Danube in the Danube Bend It had a population of 1 864 in 2010 Visegrad is famous for the remains of the Early Renaissance summer palace of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and the medieval citadel Visegrad Pone Navata Altum Castrum in Latin Plintenburg in German Vysehrad in Slovak and Czech Descending from top the city in the Danube Bend ruins of the Royal Palace gate of the CitadelFlagCoat of armsVisegradLocation of VisegradCoordinates 47 47 05 N 18 58 25 E 47 78483 N 18 97367 E 47 78483 18 97367 Coordinates 47 47 05 N 18 58 25 E 47 78483 N 18 97367 E 47 78483 18 97367Country HungaryCountyPestArea Total33 27 km2 12 85 sq mi Population 2017 Total1 840 1 Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code2025Area code s 26 Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 3 Monuments 3 1 Upper Castle 3 2 Lower Castle 3 3 Royal Palace 3 4 Sibrik Hill 4 Twin towns sister cities 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 External links 8 ReferencesEtymology EditThe name Visegrad Vysehrad is of Slavic origin meaning acropolis literary the upper castle the castle with a privileged position or the upper settlement In modern Slovak and Czech the form is Vysehrad The castle of Visegrad is called Fellegvar Citadel in Hungarian 2 In German the town is called Plintenburg Other places with names that are the same or similar include Visegrad a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina Vyshhorod a city in Ukraine adjacent to Kyiv Wyszogrod a city in Poland the Vysehrad castle in Prague Czech Republic and Vysehrad a location with a nature reserve near Jasenovo in Slovakia History EditVisegrad was first mentioned in 1009 as a county town and the chief town of an archdeaconry After the destructive Mongol invasion of Europe in 1242 the town was rebuilt in a slightly different location to the south King Charles I of Hungary made Visegrad the royal seat of Hungary in 1325 At the same time his diplomat Stephen Safar was appointed castellan In 1335 Charles hosted at Visegrad a two month congress with the Bohemian king John of Luxembourg and the Polish king Casimir III It was crucial in creating a peace between the three kingdoms and securing an alliance between Poland and Hungary against Habsburg Austria Another congress followed in 1339 Sigismund Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary and Croatia in personal union with Hungary moved the royal seat to Buda between 1405 and 1408 King Matthias Corvinus 1443 1490 King of Hungary used Visegrad as a country residence Visegrad lost importance after the partition of the Kingdom of Hungary following the Battle of Mohacs in 1526 In 1991 the leading politicians of Hungary Czechoslovakia and Poland met here to form a periodical forum the Visegrad group with an intentional allusion to the meeting centuries earlier in 1335 Visegrad was granted town privileges again in 2000 Monuments Edit Visegrad Castle The castle at the time of King Matthias reign Visegrad in 1686 by Gaspar Bouttats The King Solomon in the Solomon Tower in Visegrad by Henrik Weber Upper Castle Edit After the Mongol invasion King Bela IV of Hungary and his wife had a new fortification system constructed in the 1240 50s near the one destroyed earlier The first part of the new system was the Upper Castle on top of a high hill The castle was laid out on a triangular ground plan and had three towers at its corners In the 14th century at the time of the Angevin kings of Hungary the castle became a royal residence and was enlarged with a new curtain wall and palace buildings Around 1400 King Sigismund had a third curtain wall constructed and enlarged the palace buildings At the end of the 15th century King Matthias Corvinus had the interior renovated The Upper Castle also served for the safekeeping of the Hungarian royal insignia between the 14th century and 1526 In 1544 Visegrad was occupied by the Ottoman Empire and apart from a short period in 1595 1605 it remained in Turkish hands until 1685 The castle was seriously damaged by the Turks and was never used afterwards The castle is now open to the public to visit Lower Castle Edit The Lower Castle is the part of the fortification system that connects the Upper Castle with the Danube In its centre rises the Solomon Tower a large hexagonal residential tower dating from the 13th century In the 14th century new curtain walls were built around the tower During a Turkish raid in 1544 the southern part of the tower collapsed Its renovation began only in the 1870s and was finished in the 1960s At present the Tower houses exhibitions installed by the King Matthias Museum Matyas Kiraly Muzeum of Visegrad The exhibitions present the reconstructed Gothic fountains from the Royal Palace Renaissance sculpture in Visegrad and the history of Visegrad Royal Palace Edit The first royal house on this site was built by King Charles I of Hungary after 1325 In the second half of the 14th century this was enlarged into a palace by his son King Louis I of Hungary In the last third of the 14th century King Louis and his successor Sigismund of Luxembourg had the majority of the earlier buildings dismantled and created a new sumptuous palace complex the extensive ruins of which are still visible today The palace complex was laid out on a square ground plan measuring 123 x 123 m A garden adjoined to it from the north and a Franciscan friary founded by King Sigismund in 1424 from the south In the time of Louis I and Sigismund the palace was the official residence of the kings of Hungary until about 1405 08 Between 1477 and 1484 Matthias Corvinus had the palace complex reconstructed in late Gothic style The Italian Renaissance architectural style was used for decoration the first time the style appeared in Europe outside Italy After the Ottoman Turks siege in 1544 the palace fell into ruins By the 18th century it was completely covered by earth Its excavation began in 1934 and continues today The reconstructed royal residence building is open to the public and houses exhibitions on the history of the palace and reconstructed historical interiors Sibrik Hill Edit The ruins of this military camp can be seen outside Visegrad to the north on a hill that overlooks the Danube The camp has a triangular ground plan It was built in the first half of the 4th century as one of the important fortifications along the limes the frontier of the Roman Empire Its praetorium the commander s building was constructed at the end of the 4th century In the early 5th century the Roman army abandoned the military camp In the 10th and 11th centuries the fortification rebuilt as a castle became a regional centre of the recently formed Hungarian state Visegrad appears for the first time as the name of this regional centre 1009 The fortification was finally destroyed in 1242 by the Mongol invasion of Europe Twin towns sister cities EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Hungary Visegrad is twinned with 3 Lanciano Italy Obergunzburg GermanyGallery Edit Sibrik Hill Royal Palace Matthias fountain Garden of the Royal Palace Visegrad castle panorama Visegrad castleSee also EditVisegrad GroupExternal links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Visegrad Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Visegrad Official website Street map in Hungarian Aerial photography Visegrad in Hungarian References Edit Visegrad KSH Antal Papp Magyarorszag Hungary Panorama Budapest 1982 ISBN 963 243 241 X p 860 pp 229 236 Testvervarosok visegrad hu in Hungarian Visegrad Retrieved 2021 03 31 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Visegrad amp oldid 1050741185, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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