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Vittoriale degli italiani

The Vittoriale degli italiani (English translation: The shrine of Italian victories) is a hillside estate in the town of Gardone Riviera overlooking Lake Garda in province of Brescia, in Lombardy. It is where the Italian poet and novelist Gabriele d'Annunzio lived after his defenestration in 1922 until his death in 1938. The estate consists of the residence of d'Annunzio called the Prioria (priory), an amphitheatre, the protected cruiser Puglia set into a hillside, a boathouse containing the MAS vessel used by D'Annunzio in 1918 and a circular mausoleum. Its grounds are now part of the Grandi Giardini Italiani.

Il Vittoriale degli Italiani
General information
Architectural styleElements of Italian Fascist Architecture
Town or cityGardone Riviera
CountryItaly
Construction started1921
Completed1955
Design and construction
ArchitectGiancarlo Maroni

References to the Vittoriale range from a “monumental citadel” to a “fascist lunapark”, the site inevitably inheriting the controversy surrounding its creator.

Contents

The house, Villa Cargnacco, had belonged to the German art historian of the Italian Renaissance Henry Thode, from whom it was confiscated by the Italian state, including artworks, a collection of books, and a piano which had belonged to Liszt. d'Annunzio rented it in February 1921 and within a year reconstruction started under the guidance of architect Giancarlo Maroni. Due to d'Annunzio's popularity and his disagreement with the fascist government on several issues, such as the alliance with Nazi Germany, the fascists did what they could to please d'Annunzio in order to keep him away from political life in Rome. Part of their strategy was to make huge funds available to expand the property, to construct and/or modify buildings, and to create the impressive art and literature collection. In 1924 the airplane that d'Annunzio used for his pamphleteering run over Vienna during World War I was brought to the estate, followed in 1925 by the MAS naval vessel used by him to taunt the Austrians in 1918 in the Beffa di Buccari. In the same year the bow section of the protected cruiser Puglia was hauled up the hill and placed in the woods behind the house, and the property was expanded by acquisition of surrounding lands and buildings.

In 1926 the government donated an amount of 10 million lire, which allowed a considerable enlargement of the Villa, with a new wing named the Schifamondo. In 1931 construction was started on the Parlaggio, the name for the amphitheatre. The mausoleum was designed after d'Annunzio's death but not actually built until 1955, and d'Annunzio's remains were finally brought there in 1963.

The Prioria

The Prioria

The Prioria itself consists of a number of rooms opulently decorated and filled with memorabilia. Notable are the two waiting rooms, one for welcome guests, one for unwelcome ones. It is the latter where Benito Mussolini was sent to on his visit in 1925. A phrase was inscribed specifically for him above the mirror:

To the visitor:
Are you bringing Narcissus' Mirror?
This is leaded glass, my mask maker.
Adjust your mask to your face,
But mind that you are glass against steel.

The leper's room is where D'Annunzio's wake was held upon his death. Its name comes from the fact that d'Annunzio felt that he was being spurned by the government due to their continued efforts to keep him in Gardone, rather than possibly in the limelight in Rome.

The Relic room holds a large collection of religious statues and images of different beliefs, purposely placed together to make a statement about the universal character of spirituality. The inscription on the inner wall reads:

As there are five fingers on a hand, there are only five mortal sins.

D'Annunzio wished to make clear hereby that he didn't believe that lust and greed should be considered sinful.

A most unlikely relic is the distorted steering wheel of racing speedboat Miss England II, donated after the coppa dell oltranza (unlimited cup) powerboating trophy, organized under d'Annunzio patronage, was held in 1931. Miss England II had crashed in a world speed record attempt, killing her pilot, Sir Henry Seagrave in 1930 (though winning the record nevertheless) and was rebuilt to race and win at Lake Garda the following year with Kaye Don at the helm.

D'annunzio who was a syncretist (believer in all religions) deemed the distorted steering wheel "a relic of the religion of courage".

The Amphitheatre

The Amphitheatre.

The amphitheatre is the first major structure one comes across after entering the estate and was clearly based upon classical models, the architect Maroni even visiting Pompeii for inspiration. Its location, like the other buildings of the Vittoriale, undeniably offers a majestic view of the Garda lake, it is still used for performances today.

The Mausoleum

The circular structure is situated on the highest point on the estate. It contains the remains of men who served D'Annunzio and died during the Fiume incident, and d'Annunzio himself.

The Protected cruiser Puglia

Bow of Puglia

Jutting out of one of the hilltops, the bow section of the cruiser Puglia makes a surreal sight. It was placed there pointing in the direction of the Adriatic, “ready to conquer the Dalmatian shores”.

  1. The Vittoriale degli Italiani, Fred Licht, The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 41, No. 4 (Dec., 1982), pp. 318-324
  2. Scott, Malcolm (31 August 2013). "Henry Thode's mansion at Lake Garda". To Ephesus With Love. Retrieved5 December 2015.
  3. "Thode, Henry". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved5 December 2015.
  4. Art navale December 2008 yachting magazine
  5. Teatro del Vittoriale 2008
Wikimedia Commons has media related toVittoriale degli italiani.

Coordinates:45°37′26″N10°33′54″E /45.623961°N 10.565013°E /45.623961; 10.565013

Vittoriale degli italiani
Vittoriale degli italiani Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Vittoriale degli Italiani The Vittoriale degli italiani English translation The shrine of Italian victories is a hillside estate in the town of Gardone Riviera overlooking Lake Garda in province of Brescia in Lombardy It is where the Italian poet and novelist Gabriele d Annunzio lived after his defenestration in 1922 until his death in 1938 The estate consists of the residence of d Annunzio called the Prioria priory an amphitheatre the protected cruiser Puglia set into a hillside a boathouse containing the MAS vessel used by D Annunzio in 1918 and a circular mausoleum Its grounds are now part of the Grandi Giardini Italiani Il Vittoriale degli ItalianiGeneral informationArchitectural styleElements of Italian Fascist ArchitectureTown or cityGardone RivieraCountryItalyConstruction started1921Completed1955Design and constructionArchitectGiancarlo Maroni References to the Vittoriale range from a monumental citadel to a fascist lunapark 1 the site inevitably inheriting the controversy surrounding its creator Contents 1 History 2 Buildings 2 1 The Prioria 2 2 The Amphitheatre 2 3 The Mausoleum 2 4 The Protected cruiser Puglia 3 Notes and references 4 External linksHistory EditThe house Villa Cargnacco had belonged to the German art historian of the Italian Renaissance Henry Thode from whom it was confiscated by the Italian state including artworks a collection of books and a piano which had belonged to Liszt 2 3 d Annunzio rented it in February 1921 and within a year reconstruction started under the guidance of architect Giancarlo Maroni Due to d Annunzio s popularity and his disagreement with the fascist government on several issues such as the alliance with Nazi Germany the fascists did what they could to please d Annunzio in order to keep him away from political life in Rome Part of their strategy was to make huge funds available to expand the property to construct and or modify buildings and to create the impressive art and literature collection In 1924 the airplane that d Annunzio used for his pamphleteering run over Vienna during World War I was brought to the estate followed in 1925 by the MAS naval vessel used by him to taunt the Austrians in 1918 in the Beffa di Buccari In the same year the bow section of the protected cruiser Puglia was hauled up the hill and placed in the woods behind the house and the property was expanded by acquisition of surrounding lands and buildings In 1926 the government donated an amount of 10 million lire which allowed a considerable enlargement of the Villa with a new wing named the Schifamondo In 1931 construction was started on the Parlaggio the name for the amphitheatre The mausoleum was designed after d Annunzio s death but not actually built until 1955 and d Annunzio s remains were finally brought there in 1963 Buildings EditThe Prioria Edit The Prioria The Prioria itself consists of a number of rooms opulently decorated and filled with memorabilia Notable are the two waiting rooms one for welcome guests one for unwelcome ones It is the latter where Benito Mussolini was sent to on his visit in 1925 A phrase was inscribed specifically for him above the mirror To the visitor Are you bringing Narcissus Mirror This is leaded glass my mask maker Adjust your mask to your face But mind that you are glass against steel The leper s room is where D Annunzio s wake was held upon his death Its name comes from the fact that d Annunzio felt that he was being spurned by the government due to their continued efforts to keep him in Gardone rather than possibly in the limelight in Rome The Relic room holds a large collection of religious statues and images of different beliefs purposely placed together to make a statement about the universal character of spirituality The inscription on the inner wall reads As there are five fingers on a hand there are only five mortal sins D Annunzio wished to make clear hereby that he didn t believe that lust and greed should be considered sinful A most unlikely relic is the distorted steering wheel of racing speedboat Miss England II donated after the coppa dell oltranza unlimited cup powerboating trophy organized under d Annunzio patronage was held in 1931 Miss England II had crashed in a world speed record attempt killing her pilot Sir Henry Seagrave in 1930 though winning the record nevertheless and was rebuilt to race and win at Lake Garda the following year with Kaye Don at the helm 4 D annunzio who was a syncretist believer in all religions deemed the distorted steering wheel a relic of the religion of courage The Amphitheatre Edit The Amphitheatre The amphitheatre is the first major structure one comes across after entering the estate and was clearly based upon classical models the architect Maroni even visiting Pompeii for inspiration Its location like the other buildings of the Vittoriale undeniably offers a majestic view of the Garda lake it is still used for performances today 5 The Mausoleum Edit The circular structure is situated on the highest point on the estate It contains the remains of men who served D Annunzio and died during the Fiume incident and d Annunzio himself The Protected cruiser Puglia Edit Bow of Puglia Jutting out of one of the hilltops the bow section of the cruiser Puglia makes a surreal sight It was placed there pointing in the direction of the Adriatic ready to conquer the Dalmatian shores Notes and references Edit The Vittoriale degli Italiani Fred Licht The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians Vol 41 No 4 Dec 1982 pp 318 324 Scott Malcolm 31 August 2013 Henry Thode s mansion at Lake Garda To Ephesus With Love Retrieved 5 December 2015 Thode Henry Dictionary of Art Historians Retrieved 5 December 2015 Art navale December 2008 yachting magazine Teatro del Vittoriale 2008External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Vittoriale degli italiani www gabrieledannunzio net D Annunzio s museum Il Vittoriale IL VITTORIALE La Cittadella del d Annunzio Vittoriale degli Italiani at Google Cultural Institute Coordinates 45 37 26 N 10 33 54 E 45 623961 N 10 565013 E 45 623961 10 565013 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vittoriale degli italiani amp oldid 1049911660, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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