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Vizier (Ebla)

Vizier ( or), is the title used by modern scholars to indicate the head of the administration in the first Eblaite kingdom. The title holder held the highest position after the king and controlled the army. During the reign of king Isar-Damu, the office of vizier became hereditary.

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Vizier is a rendering presented by Alfonso Archi to indicate the second in command official of Ebla, whose native title was probably "head of the administration" (lugal sa-za). Eblaite viziers' authority was of great importance, that they were thought of as kings during the earliest stages of deciphering the tablets of Ebla, as the names of actual monarchs rarely appeared in administrative tablets. Aside from heading the administration, the vizier was in command of the kingdom's trade, army and acted as the head of provincial governors.

The title was not created until after the period of king Igrish-Halam (fl c. 2360 BC), but high officials were already prominent during his reign, most importantly Darmiya and Tir (whose name appear on an important agreement named the Abarsal treaty). The first vizier was Arrukum and he was appointed by king Irkab-Damu. He was followed by Ibrium who kept his office for 20 years, and managed to establish a parallel dynasty of viziers next to the royal family, being succeeded by his son Ibbi-Sipish.

Eblaite viziers

Vizier King Comments
Arrukum Irkab-Damu Kept his office for five years, and had his son Ruzi-Malik marrying princess Iti-Mut, the daughter of the king.
Ibrium Irkab-Damu, Isar-Damu Served his first two years under Irkab-Damu.
Ibbi-Sipish Isar-Damu Collaborated with his son Dubuhu-Ada, who was prevented from assuming his father's office by the destruction of Ebla.
  1. Cyrus Herzl Gordon; Gary Rendsburg; Nathan H. Winter (2002). Eblaitica Vol. 4. p. 59. ISBN 9781575060606.
  2. Mario Liverani (2013). The Ancient Near East: History, Society and Economy. p. 122. ISBN 9781134750849.
  3. Joan Aruz; Ronald Wallenfels (2003). Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. p. 462. ISBN 9781588390431.
  4. Douglas Frayne (2008). Pre-Sargonic Period: Early Periods, Volume 1 (2700-2350 BC). p. 148. ISBN 9781442690479.
  5. Alfonso Archi (1998). Archiv für Orientforschung, Volume 44,Deel 1 -Volume 45,Deel 1. p. 108.
  6. W. de Gruyter (2002). Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und vorderasiatische Archäologie, Volume 92. p. 162.
  7. Pontificium institutum biblicum (2003). Orientalia, Vol 72. p. 348.
  8. Cyrus Herzl Gordon; Gary Rendsburg; Nathan H. Winter (2002). Eblaitica: Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, Volume 4. p. 24. ISBN 9781575060606.

Vizier (Ebla)
Vizier Ebla Article Talk Language Watch Edit Vizier v ɪ ˈ z ɪer or ˈ v ɪ z ɪer is the title used by modern scholars to indicate the head of the administration in the first Eblaite kingdom The title holder held the highest position after the king and controlled the army During the reign of king Isar Damu the office of vizier became hereditary Contents 1 Title and responsibilities 2 History 2 1 Eblaite viziers 3 See also 4 CitationsTitle and responsibilities EditVizier is a rendering presented by Alfonso Archi to indicate the second in command official of Ebla 1 whose native title was probably head of the administration lugal sa za 2 Eblaite viziers authority was of great importance that they were thought of as kings during the earliest stages of deciphering the tablets of Ebla as the names of actual monarchs rarely appeared in administrative tablets 2 Aside from heading the administration the vizier was in command of the kingdom s trade army and acted as the head of provincial governors 2 History EditThe title was not created until after the period of king Igrish Halam fl c 2360 BC 2 but high officials were already prominent during his reign most importantly Darmiya and Tir whose name appear on an important agreement named the Abarsal treaty 2 3 4 The first vizier was Arrukum and he was appointed by king Irkab Damu 5 He was followed by Ibrium who kept his office for 20 years and managed to establish a parallel dynasty of viziers next to the royal family being succeeded by his son Ibbi Sipish 2 Eblaite viziers Edit Vizier King CommentsArrukum Irkab Damu Kept his office for five years 4 and had his son Ruzi Malik marrying princess Iti Mut the daughter of the king 6 Ibrium Irkab Damu Isar Damu Served his first two years under Irkab Damu 4 Ibbi Sipish Isar Damu Collaborated with his son Dubuhu Ada 7 who was prevented from assuming his father s office by the destruction of Ebla 8 See also EditVizierCitations Edit Cyrus Herzl Gordon Gary Rendsburg Nathan H Winter 2002 Eblaitica Vol 4 p 59 ISBN 9781575060606 a b c d e f Mario Liverani 2013 The Ancient Near East History Society and Economy p 122 ISBN 9781134750849 Joan Aruz Ronald Wallenfels 2003 Art of the First Cities The Third Millennium B C p 462 ISBN 9781588390431 a b c Douglas Frayne 2008 Pre Sargonic Period Early Periods Volume 1 2700 2350 BC p 148 ISBN 9781442690479 Alfonso Archi 1998 Archiv fur Orientforschung Volume 44 Deel 1 Volume 45 Deel 1 p 108 W de Gruyter 2002 Zeitschrift fur Assyriologie und vorderasiatische Archaologie Volume 92 p 162 Pontificium institutum biblicum 2003 Orientalia Vol 72 p 348 Cyrus Herzl Gordon Gary Rendsburg Nathan H Winter 2002 Eblaitica Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language Volume 4 p 24 ISBN 9781575060606 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vizier Ebla amp oldid 1049181687, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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