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Vlah Church

The Vlah Church (Serbian:Влашка cрква, romanized: Vlaška crkva) is a Serbian Orthodox church built in 1450 in the village of Donji Kraj (on Cetinje field), Zeta, Serbian Despotate (modern day Montenegro).

Vlah Church
Влашка Црква
Religion
AffiliationSerbian Orthodox Church
ProvinceZeta
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusMetropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
Location
MunicipalityCetinje
State(modern-day Montenegro)
Architecture
FounderVlachs who guarded the cattle of Ivan Crnojević
Completedc. 1450
Specifications
Direction of façadeWest
Materials
  • "plot"
  • "suvomeđa"
  • "klačena"
  • stone
Interior

Contents

The church was built around 1450 on the site of Bogumils' necropolis, which had around 150 stećci (monumental, ornate tombstones). Only two of them are preserved today. Originally they faced each other, and were recently reoriented to be side by side. According to some legends, recorded for the first time by Ljubomir Nenadović, the 17th-century military commander Bajo Pivljanin and his wife are buried beneath them. According to another legend and documentary evidence the stećci mark the graves of the founders of the church—Ivan Borojević, born in Stari Vlah, and his wife Jelica.

This church received its name for the Vlahs[A] who guarded the cattle of Ivan Crnojević and built the church around 1450.

There are several additional theories about the origin of the term Vlah in the name of the church. Some authors believe that the term Vlahs in the name of this church is used as an exonym. Other theories connect the name of the church to the fact that the terms such as "Vlach's church" or "Vlach's rituals" were indicators of belonging to Eastern Orthodox Church and Orthodoxy or to demonym Vlahs (according to them this church was allegedly built by settlers from Stari Vlah in modern Serbia).

The church was initially made of "plot" (Serbian:плот), i.e. of sticks, switches and mud. It was rebuilt three times. First as "suvomeđa" (Serbian:сувомеђа), which means of stones without mortar; then of "klačena" (Serbian:клачена), which is stones with lime mortar; and finally, in 1864 the church received its current form. A guard rail around the church was built in 1897 using barrels of Ottoman rifles captured in 1858 during the Battle of Grahovac.

  1. Serbian nationalist scholars consider that shepherds at that time were referred to as Vlah, denoting not ethnicity but social class.
  1. Simo Popović; Jovan R. Bojović; Novica Rakočević (1995). Memoari. CID. p. 41. Retrieved26 April 2013. "Влашка црква" коју је сада захватила варош била је прије рата још далеко од Цетиња на голој пољани. Она управо и не припада Цетињу него Доњем крају још од старога времена, када није ни било Цетиња.
  2. Ratko Đurović (1969). Crnom Gorom. "Binoza," Grafički zavod Hrvatske. p. 97. Retrieved26 April 2013.
  3. Batričević, Đuro; Cvetko Pavlović (10 September 2004). "Legende o Vlaškoj crkvi". Pobjeda. Retrieved27 April 2013. Prema Erdeljanovićevoj zabiljeci, dva sačuvana nadgrobna kamena bila su najprije okrenuta uzglavljem jedan prema drugom, pa su „u najnovije vrijeme” stavljeni naporedo.
  4. Batričević, Đuro; Cvetko Pavlović (10 September 2004). "Legende o Vlaškoj crkvi". Pobjeda. Retrieved27 April 2013. Ljubomir Nenadović bio je prvi koji je zapisao da su pomenuti nadgrobni kamenovi pripadali istaknutom hajdučkom harambaši Baju Nikoliću Pivljaninu i njegovoj supruzi.
  5. Draško Šćekić (1987). Putujući Crnom Gorom. NIO "UR". p. 102. Retrieved26 April 2013.
  6. Batričević, Đuro; Cvetko Pavlović (10 September 2004). "Legende o Vlaškoj crkvi". Pobjeda. Retrieved27 April 2013. Naime, prema legendi, sačuvani nadgrobni spomenici pripadali su Ivanu Borojeviću i njegovoj ženi Jelici.
  7. Narodno stvaralaštvo: Folklor. Nauchno delo. 1962. p. 17. Retrieved26 April 2013. Познато је да су чобани Ивана Црнојевића по Цетињском пољу и кроз Ловћен чували стоку. Они су са- градили цркву.
  8. Istorijski zapisi: organ Istoriskog instituta i Društva istoričara SR Crne Gore. Istorijski institut u Titogradu. 1948. p. 246. Retrieved26 April 2013. Влашка црква је подигнута од пастира Ивана Црнојевића
  9. Zlatko Kudelić (2007). Marčanska biskupija: Habsburgovci, pravoslavlje i crkvena unija u Hrvatsko-slavonskoj vojnoj krajini (1611. - 1755). Hrvatski Inst. za Povijest. p. 131. ISBN 978-953-6324-62-0. Retrieved26 April 2013. pojmovi "vlaška crkva" ili "vlaški ili grčki obred" označavali su pripadnost Pravoslavnoj crkvi i pravoslavlju.
  10. Јован Ердељановић (1926). Стара Црна Гора: етничка прошлост и формирање црногорских племена. Слово љубве. p. 299. Retrieved26 April 2013. ...што су они били по- реклом из Старог Влаха, ова њихова црквица добије назив Влашка Црква .... Да су ту цркву заиста градили ови досељеници из Старога Влаха
  11. Batričević, Đuro; Cvetko Pavlović (10 September 2004). "Legende o Vlaškoj crkvi". Pobjeda. Retrieved27 April 2013. Ona je prvobitno bila opletena prućem i oblijepljena blatom, a bila je sagrađena od „plota” i „kočeva”. Vlaška crkva je tri puta prepravljana: prvo kao suvomeđa, zatim od „klačnog zida”, da bi najzad, 1864. godine, dobila svoj današnji izgled.
  12. Ilustrovani zvanični almanah-šematizam Zetske banovine. Državna štamparija. 1931. p. 251. Retrieved27 April 2013. Влашка Црква, сазидана како данас изгледа 1864 на темепьима старе цркве из 1450
  13. Michael Spring (20 February 1987). Great Europ Itinerar. Doubleday. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-385-23336-1. Retrieved26 April 2013. The railings around the fifteenth-century Vlah Church (Vlaska crkva) were made in 1897 from barrels of 1,550 captured Turkish rifles.
  14. Glasnik Srpskog istorijsko-kulturnog društva "Njegoš". Njegoš. 1979. p. 125. Retrieved26 April 2013. Одмах је ту и Влашка црква, са чувеном оградом од пушчаних цијеви, пушака заробљених у граховској бици
  15. Narodno stvaralaštvo: Folklor. Nauchno delo. 1962. p. 17. Retrieved26 April 2013.

Coordinates:42°23′27″N18°55′28″E /42.3909°N 18.9244°E /42.3909; 18.9244

Vlah Church
Vlah Church Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Vlaska church The Vlah Church Serbian Vlashka crkva romanized Vlaska crkva is a Serbian Orthodox church built in 1450 in the village of Donji Kraj 1 on Cetinje field Zeta Serbian Despotate modern day Montenegro Vlah ChurchVlashka CrkvaReligionAffiliationSerbian Orthodox ChurchProvinceZetaEcclesiastical or organizational statusMetropolitanate of Montenegro and the LittoralLocationMunicipalityCetinjeState modern day Montenegro ArchitectureFounderVlachs who guarded the cattle of Ivan CrnojevicCompletedc 1450SpecificationsDirection of facadeWestMaterials plot suvomeđa klacena stoneInterior Contents 1 Stecci 2 Origin of the name 3 Building materials 4 Notes 5 ReferencesStecci EditThe church was built around 1450 on the site of Bogumils necropolis which had around 150 stecci monumental ornate tombstones 2 Only two of them are preserved today Originally they faced each other and were recently reoriented to be side by side 3 According to some legends recorded for the first time by Ljubomir Nenadovic 4 the 17th century military commander Bajo Pivljanin and his wife are buried beneath them 5 According to another legend and documentary evidence the stecci mark the graves of the founders of the church Ivan Borojevic born in Stari Vlah and his wife Jelica 6 Origin of the name EditThis church received its name for the Vlahs A who guarded the cattle of Ivan Crnojevic and built the church around 1450 7 8 There are several additional theories about the origin of the term Vlah in the name of the church Some authors believe that the term Vlahs in the name of this church is used as an exonym 2 Other theories connect the name of the church to the fact that the terms such as Vlach s church or Vlach s rituals were indicators of belonging to Eastern Orthodox Church and Orthodoxy 9 or to demonym Vlahs according to them this church was allegedly built by settlers from Stari Vlah in modern Serbia 10 Building materials EditThe church was initially made of plot Serbian plot i e of sticks switches and mud It was rebuilt three times First as suvomeđa Serbian suvomeђa which means of stones without mortar then of klacena Serbian klachena which is stones with lime mortar and finally in 1864 the church received its current form 11 12 A guard rail around the church was built in 1897 using barrels of Ottoman rifles 13 captured in 1858 during the Battle of Grahovac 14 Notes Edit Serbian nationalist scholars consider that shepherds at that time were referred to as Vlah denoting not ethnicity but social class 15 References Edit Simo Popovic Jovan R Bojovic Novica Rakocevic 1995 Memoari CID p 41 Retrieved 26 April 2013 Vlashka crkva koјu јe sada zahvatila varosh bila јe priјe rata јosh daleko od Cetiњa na goloј poљani Ona upravo i ne pripada Cetiњu nego Doњem kraјu јosh od staroga vremena kada niјe ni bilo Cetiњa a b Ratko Đurovic 1969 Crnom Gorom Binoza Graficki zavod Hrvatske p 97 Retrieved 26 April 2013 Batricevic Đuro Cvetko Pavlovic 10 September 2004 Legende o Vlaskoj crkvi Pobjeda Retrieved 27 April 2013 Prema Erdeljanovicevoj zabiljeci dva sacuvana nadgrobna kamena bila su najprije okrenuta uzglavljem jedan prema drugom pa su u najnovije vrijeme stavljeni naporedo Batricevic Đuro Cvetko Pavlovic 10 September 2004 Legende o Vlaskoj crkvi Pobjeda Retrieved 27 April 2013 Ljubomir Nenadovic bio je prvi koji je zapisao da su pomenuti nadgrobni kamenovi pripadali istaknutom hajduckom harambasi Baju Nikolicu Pivljaninu i njegovoj supruzi Drasko Scekic 1987 Putujuci Crnom Gorom NIO UR p 102 Retrieved 26 April 2013 Batricevic Đuro Cvetko Pavlovic 10 September 2004 Legende o Vlaskoj crkvi Pobjeda Retrieved 27 April 2013 Naime prema legendi sacuvani nadgrobni spomenici pripadali su Ivanu Borojevicu i njegovoj zeni Jelici Narodno stvaralastvo Folklor Nauchno delo 1962 p 17 Retrieved 26 April 2013 Poznato јe da su chobani Ivana Crnoјeviћa po Cetiњskom poљu i kroz Lovћen chuvali stoku Oni su sa gradili crkvu Istorijski zapisi organ Istoriskog instituta i Drustva istoricara SR Crne Gore Istorijski institut u Titogradu 1948 p 246 Retrieved 26 April 2013 Vlashka crkva јe podignuta od pastira Ivana Crnoјeviћa Zlatko Kudelic 2007 Marcanska biskupija Habsburgovci pravoslavlje i crkvena unija u Hrvatsko slavonskoj vojnoj krajini 1611 1755 Hrvatski Inst za Povijest p 131 ISBN 978 953 6324 62 0 Retrieved 26 April 2013 pojmovi vlaska crkva ili vlaski ili grcki obred oznacavali su pripadnost Pravoslavnoj crkvi i pravoslavlju Јovan Erdeљanoviћ 1926 Stara Crna Gora etnichka proshlost i formiraњe crnogorskih plemena Slovo љubve p 299 Retrieved 26 April 2013 shto su oni bili po reklom iz Starog Vlaha ova њihova crkvica dobiјe naziv Vlashka Crkva Da su tu crkvu zaista gradili ovi doseљenici iz Staroga Vlaha Batricevic Đuro Cvetko Pavlovic 10 September 2004 Legende o Vlaskoj crkvi Pobjeda Retrieved 27 April 2013 Ona je prvobitno bila opletena prucem i oblijepljena blatom a bila je sagrađena od plota i koceva Vlaska crkva je tri puta prepravljana prvo kao suvomeđa zatim od klacnog zida da bi najzad 1864 godine dobila svoj danasnji izgled Ilustrovani zvanicni almanah sematizam Zetske banovine Drzavna stamparija 1931 p 251 Retrieved 27 April 2013 Vlashka Crkva sazidana kako danas izgleda 1864 na temepima stare crkve iz 1450 Michael Spring 20 February 1987 Great Europ Itinerar Doubleday p 224 ISBN 978 0 385 23336 1 Retrieved 26 April 2013 The railings around the fifteenth century Vlah Church Vlaska crkva were made in 1897 from barrels of 1 550 captured Turkish rifles Glasnik Srpskog istorijsko kulturnog drustva Njegos Njegos 1979 p 125 Retrieved 26 April 2013 Odmah јe tu i Vlashka crkva sa chuvenom ogradom od pushchanih ciјevi pushaka zarobљenih u grahovskoј bici Narodno stvaralastvo Folklor Nauchno delo 1962 p 17 Retrieved 26 April 2013 Coordinates 42 23 27 N 18 55 28 E 42 3909 N 18 9244 E 42 3909 18 9244 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vlah Church 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