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Vladislaus II of Hungary

This article is about the 15th century monarch. For his grandfather Władysław II Jagiełło, see Jogaila. For similarly named members of the Jagiellon dynasty, see Ladislaus Jagiello. For other people named Ladislaus, see Ladislaus.

Vladislaus II, also known as Vladislav, Władysław or Wladislas (1 March 1456 – 13 March 1516; Hungarian: II. Ulászló), was King of Bohemia from 1471 to 1516, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1490 to 1516. As the eldest son of Casimir IV Jagiellon, he was expected to inherit Poland and Lithuania. George of Poděbrady, the Hussite ruler of Bohemia, offered to make Vladislaus his heir in 1468. Poděbrady needed Casimir IV's support against the rebellious Catholic noblemen and their ally, Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary. The Diet of Bohemia elected Vladislaus king after Poděbrady's death, but he could only rule Bohemia proper, because Matthias (whom the Catholic nobles had elected king) occupied Moravia, Silesia and both Lusatias. Vladislaus tried to reconquer the four provinces with his father's assistance, but Matthias repelled them.

Vladislaus II
Fresco from walls of the St. Wenceslas Chapel in St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague (1508)
King of Bohemia
Reign1471–1516
Coronation22 August 1471
PredecessorGeorge of Poděbrady
SuccessorLouis
King of Hungary and Croatia
Reign1490–1516
Coronation18 September 1490
PredecessorMatthias Corvinus
SuccessorLouis II
Born1 March 1456
Kraków, Kingdom of Poland
Died13 March 1516 (aged 60)
Buda, Kingdom of Hungary
Burial
SpouseBarbara of Brandenburg
Beatrice of Naples
Anne of Foix-Candale
IssueAnne, Queen of Hungary
Louis II, King of Hungary
DynastyJagiellon
FatherCasimir IV, King of Poland
MotherElizabeth of Austria
ReligionRoman Catholic

Vladislaus and Matthias divided the Crown of Bohemia in the Peace of Olomouc in 1479. The Estates of the realm had strengthened their position during the war between the two kings. Vladislaus's attempts to promote the Catholics caused a rebellion in Prague and other towns in 1483, forcing him to acknowledge the dominance of the Hussites in the municipal assemblies. The Diet confirmed the right of the Bohemian noblemen and commoners to freely adhere either to Hussitism or Catholicism in 1485. After Matthias Corvinus seized Silesian duchies to grant them to his illegitimate son, John Corvinus, Vladislaus made new alliances against him in the late 1480s.

Vladislaus (whose mother, Elizabeth of Habsburg, was the sister of Matthias's predecessor) laid claim to Hungary after Matthias's death. The Diet of Hungary elected him king after his supporters defeated John Corvinus. The other two claimants, Maximilian of Habsburg and Vladislaus's brother, John Albert, invaded Hungary, but they could not assert their claim and made peace with Vladislaus in 1491. He settled in Buda, enabling the Estates of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and both Lusatias to take full charge of state administration. Like previously in Bohemia, also in Hungary Vladislaus always approved the decisions of the Royal Council, hence his Hungarian nickname "Dobzse László" (from Czech král Dobře, in Latin rex Bene – "King Very Well"). Due to the concessions he had made before his election, the royal treasury could not finance a standing army and Matthias Corvinus's Black Army was dissolved after a rebellion, although the Ottomans made regular raids against the southern border and after 1493 even annexed territories in Croatia.

Contents

Vladislaus was the eldest son of Casimir IV, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, and Elizabeth of Habsburg. She was the daughter of Albert, King of the Romans, Hungary and Bohemia, and Elizabeth of Luxembourg, the only child and sole heiress of the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund. Vladislaus was born in Kraków on 1 March 1456. His mother and father laid claim to Hungary and Bohemia after her childless brother, Ladislaus the Posthumous, died on 23 November 1457. However, their claims were ignored in both Hungary and Bohemia. The Diet of Hungary elected Matthias Corvinus king on 24 January 1458. The Bohemian Estates of the realm proclaimed the Hussite George of Poděbrady king on 2 March.

Vladislaus was his father's heir in Poland and Lithuania. Casimir IV wanted to prepare all his sons for ruling a realm and tasked renowned scholars with their education. The historian Jan Długosz was Vladislaus's tutor.

Pope Paul II excommunicated George of Poděbrady in late 1466 and proclaimed a crusade against him. The Czech Catholic noblemen rose up against the "heretic" George of Poděbrady and sought assistance from Matthias Corvinus. Matthias declared war in March 1468 and invaded Moravia. On 16 May 1468, George of Poděbrady offered Casimir IV to make Vladislaus his heir if Casimir mediated a peace treaty between Bohemia and Hungary. Matthias refused Casimir's offer, but George of Poděbrady forced him to sign a truce in early 1469. Fearing of losing Matthias's support, the Catholic nobles proclaimed him king of Bohemia in Olomouc on 3 May. After George of Poděbrady repeated his offer of bequeathing Bohemia to Vladislaus, Casimir IV entered into negotiations with the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick III on George of Poděbrady's behalf. George of Poděbrady died on 22 March 1471.

Rey de Bohemia. An ideal portrait of Vladislaus Jagiellon, depicted as the King of Bohemia and "Arch-Cupbearer of the Empire" on fol. 33r of Portuguese armorial Livro do Armeiro-Mor (1509)

War for Bohemia

After the fifteen-year-old Vladislaus pledged to respect the liberties of the Estates of the realm, the Bohemian Diet elected him king at Kutná Hora on 27 May 1471. He was specifically required to acknowledge the existence of two "nations" (the Catholic and Hussite Estates) in his realm in accordance with the Compacts of Basel, although the Holy See had already condemned the Compacts in 1462. The Holy See regarded Vladislaus's election invalid and the papal legate, Lorenzo Roverella, confirmed Matthias Corvinus's claim to Bohemia on 28 May. However, Emperor Frederick III refused to acknowledge Matthias as the lawful king of Bohemia.

Vladislaus was crowned king in Prague on 22 August 1471. He could only secure his position with the noblemen's support, because no army had accompanied him to Bohemia. Consequently, the Diet developed into the most influential body of state administration during his reign. The Diet started to work as a legislative assembly and passed decrees that were recorded in specific registers.

Casimir IV also supported Vladislaus. He allowed his second son, Vladislaus's brother Casimir, to invade Upper Hungary (now Slovakia) from Poland after a group of Hungarian barons and prelates offered Casimir the Hungarian throne in late 1471. Matthias defeated Casimir and forced him to withdraw from Hungary before the end of the year. On 1 March 1472, Pope Sixtus IV authorized his legate, Marco Barbo, to excommunicate Vladislaus and his father if they continued to wage war against Matthias. The first truce between Vladislaus and Matthias was signed on 31 May. Their representatives continued negotiations for months, often in the presence of the papal legate who supported Matthias's claims. The Diet elected four noblemen at Benešov in 1473 to administer Bohemia as regents until peace was restored.

The representatives of Casimir IV and Matthias concluded a peace treaty on 21 February 1474. Two days later Vladislaus also agreed to sign a truce for three years. Before long, Vladislaus met Frederick III at the Imperial Diet in Nuremberg and persuaded him to make an alliance against Matthias. Casimir IV also joined the coalition. The Polish and Bohemian armies broke into Silesia and besieged Matthias in Wrocław in October. The Hungarian troops cut off the invaders' supply routes, forcing Vladislaus and Casimir to sign a new truce for more than one year on 8 December.

The young Barbara of Brandenburg inherited the Duchy of Głogów in Silesia from her husband, Henry XI of Głogów, in 1476. Most Silesian dukes had years before acknowledged the suzerainty of Matthias Corvinus, but Vladislaus wanted to expand his authority in the province. He married Barbara by proxy to seize her duchy. With Matthias's support, Henry XI's nephew, Jan II, Duke of Żagań, broke into the duchy and occupied it. After Barbara lost her dowry, the Royal Council forbade her to come to Bohemia.

Vladislaus's attempt to seize Głogów gave rise to a new conflict. Vladislaus and Frederick III confirmed their alliance against Matthias on 5 December 1476. The papal legate, Baldasare de Piscia, threatened Vladislaus with excommunication if he invaded Matthias's realms. Frederick III installed Vladislaus as king of Bohemia and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire on 10 June 1477. Two days later, Matthias declared war against the emperor and invaded Austria. Vladislaus sent reinforcements to his ally, but he withdrew his troops from Austria before the end of July. Frederick was forced to acknowledge Matthias as the lawful king of Bohemia on 1 December.

Baldasare de Piscia excommunicated Vladislaus and his supporters on 15 January 1478. The representatives of Vladislaus and Matthias started new negotiations, and they reached a compromise that was accepted by both monarchs. The right of both Vladislaus and Matthias to use the title of king of Bohemia was confirmed, but only Matthias was required to address Vladislaus as such in their correspondence. The Lands of the Bohemian Crown were divided: Vladislaus ruled in Bohemia proper and Matthias in Moravia, Silesia, Upper and Lower Lusatias. The compromise also authorized Vladislaus to redeem the three provinces for 400,000 gold florins after Matthias's death. Matthias and Vladislaus ratified the peace treaty with great pomp and ceremony at a meeting in Olomouc on 21 July 1479.

Conflicts in Bohemia

The Peace of Olomouc enabled the Catholic noblemen who had supported Matthias to return to Bohemia. Vladislaus, who remained a Catholic, decided to strengthen the position of the Catholics in his realm because he needed the support of the Holy See to strengthen his position in Europe. Although he was unable to achieve the restoration of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Prague, he began replacing the Hussite members of the town councils with Catholic burghers. Two sons of Vladislaus's predecessor, Jindřich and Hynek of Poděbrady, also converted to Catholicism.

Vladislaus's campaign for re-Catholization stirred up the Hussites, and the townspeople in Prague rose up in September 1483. The rebels murdered or expelled all Catholic clerics and aldermen and persecuted the Germans and Jews. Vladislaus was also forced to leave the capital. Similar rebellions broke out in Nymburk, Žatec and Hradec Králové. After realizing that he could not send forces against Prague, Vladislaus acknowledged that he was unable to continue his pro-Catholic policy and confirmed the new Hussite aldermen in 1484. Vladislaus had a close relationship with the Jewish community, including employing Jewish people such as Abraham of Bohemia.

The success of the revolt of the burghers of Prague brought about a between the moderate Hussite and Catholic noblemen who treated the townspeople with disdain. Vladislaus also urged the noblemen to reach an agreement on religious matters. Their compromise was confirmed at the Diet in Kutná Hora in March 1485, with acknowledging the right of both noblemen and commoners to freely adhere either to Catholicism or to Utraquism during the following 31 years.

Frederick III failed to invite Vladislaus and Matthias to the Imperial Diet at Frankfurt, where his son, Maximilian, was elected King of the Romans on 16 February 1486. Frederick's omission offended both kings of Bohemia who made an alliance against the emperor at a meeting in Jihlava on 11 September. The meeting also created an opportunity to discuss other issues of common interest, especially the circulation of money in their realms. Vladislaus pledged to send reinforcements to Matthias to fight against Frederick III, but his advisors convinced him not to keep his promise. The Diet of Bohemia also urged him to make peace with the emperor and the prince-electors in June 1487. In the same year, Pope Innocent VIII lifted the excommunication and recognized Vladislaus as king of Bohemia.

Matthias Corvinus confiscated large estates in his realms and granted them to his illegitimate son, John Corvinus, because he wanted to make John his heir. The sons of George of Poděbrady were among the barons who lost their estates to John Corvinus, which annoyed Vladislaus because some estates were located in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. Vladislaus sought his father's assistance, and they made a formal alliance against Matthias on 23 April. Matthias forced Jan II of Żagań to renounce Głogów in favor of John Corvinus in spring 1489. Before long, Vladislaus made peace with Emperor Frederick, but the emperor's son, Maximilian, started peace negotiations with Matthias.

War for Hungary

Succession wars in Hungary after the death of Matthias Corvinus (Vladislas marked dark red)

Matthias Corvinus died unexpectedly in Vienna on 6 April 1490. By the time the noblemen assembled to elect his successor in May, four candidates laid claim to the throne. John Corvinus was primarily supported by barons and prelates who owned estates along the southern frontier (including Lawrence Újlaki and Peter Váradi, Archbishop of Kalocsa). Maximilian of Habsburg referred to the 1463 Peace Treaty of Wiener Neustadt, which prescribed that Emperor Frederick or his heirs were to inherit Hungary if Matthias died without a legitimate heir. Vladislaus claimed Hungary as the eldest son of the sister of Matthias's predecessor, Ladislaus the Posthumous. However, his parents, who wanted to secure a separate realm to their each sons, proposed Vladislaus's younger brother, John Albert.

Most Hungarian barons and prelates preferred Vladislaus, because his rule in Bohemia had indicated that he would respect their liberties. Vladislaus also pledged that he would marry Matthias's wealthy widow, Beatrice of Naples, after his coronation. His two supporters, Stephen Báthory and Paul Kinizsi, defeated John Corvinus on 4 July. The Diet of Hungary elected Vladislaus king on 15 July. Vladislaus who had left Prague for Hungary in late June issued a charter promising to refrain from imposing extraordinary taxes or introducing other "harmful novelties" and to closely cooperate with the Royal Council. He reached Buda (the capital of Hungary) on 9 August. He met his brother, who had marched as far as Pest on the opposite side of the Danube River, but they did not reach a compromise.

Vladislaus was crowned king on 18 September in Székesfehérvár. In accordance with the promise he made after his election, he settled in Buda. In his absence, Bohemia was administered by the great officers of state, especially the Burgrave of Prague and the Chancellor. Moravia, Silesia and Lusatia had acknowledged his rule soon after Matthias Corvinus's death. Although Vladislaus pledged that the three provinces would be attached to the Hungarian Crown until the money stipulated in the Peace of Olomouc was paid to the Hungarian treasury, the Estates of the Bohemian Crown argued that the personal union under his rule made that stipulation void. The 400,000 gold florins were never paid.

John Albert did not renounce Hungary after Vladislaus's coronation. He captured Eger and laid siege to Kassa (Košice in Slovakia) in September. Vladislaus married Beatrice of Naples in Esztergom on 4 October, but the marriage was kept secret, although she gave considerable funds to him to finance his campaigns for Hungary. Maximilian of Habsburg also invaded Hungary and seized Szombathely, Veszprém and Székesfehérvár by the end of November. Vladislaus's supporters relieved Kassa in early December, and Maximilian withdrew from Hungary before the end of the year, because he could not finance his campaign. John Albert renounced his claim to Hungary in exchange for the Duchy of Głogów and the suzerainty over half of Silesia on 20 February 1491. John Albert again broke into Hungary in autumn, but Stephen Zápolya forced him to withdraw.

Vladislaus's troops had meanwhile expelled the army of Maximilian of Habsburg from Hungary. In the Peace of Pressburg, signed on 7 November, Vladislaus renounced all territories that Matthias Corvinus had conquered in Austria and also acknowledged the Habsburgs' right to inherit Hungary and Bohemia if he died without a son. Stephen Zápolya routed John Albert at Eperjes (Prešov in Slovakia) on 24 December, forcing him to abandon his claim to Hungary.

New regime in Hungary

Although John Filipec, Bishop of Várad, warned Vladislaus that the Hungarians could only be "forced to obedience with a rod of iron", Vladislaus did not continue Matthias Corvinus's centralizing policies. Almost all important decisions were made collectively in the Royal Council and Vladislaus always accepted them, saying Dobrze ("Very well" in Polish), which is the origin of his nickname. Thomas Bakócz and Stephen Zápolya were his most influential advisors in the 1490s. The Diet of Hungary which had been convoked only five times during the last thirteen years of Matthias Corvinus's rule regained its importance. The first Diet assembled in early 1492. It only ratified the Peace of Pressburg after most noblemen who had attained the first sessions returned home, because they accused the authors of the treaty of treachery for renouncing Matthias's conquests.

Casimir IV died on 7 June 1492 after bequeathing Poland and Lithuania to Vladislaus's younger brothers, John Albert and Alexander, respectively. Vladislaus laid claim to Poland, but the Polish noblemen elected John Albert king on 27 August. Vladislaus had inherited an almost empty treasury from Matthias and he was unable to raise money to finance his predecessor's Black Army (a standing army of mercenaries). The unpaid mercenaries rose up and pillaged several villages along the Sava River. Paul Kinizsi routed them in September. Most mercenaries were executed and Vladislaus dissolved the remnants of the army on 3 January 1493.

The Ottomans began to make regular raids against Hungary along the southern border. An Ottoman army inflicted a crushing defeat on the united army of the leading Croatian barons in the Battle of Krbava Field on 11 September 1493. The Ottomans annexed the Adriatic coast to the north of the river Neretva as far as Omiš. A few months later, the Croatian noblemen assembled at Bihać and tried to seek assistance from Pope Alexander VI and Maximilian of Habsburg.

Nevertheless, Vladislaus was still regarded as the head of a powerful state, especially because he and his two brothers ruled the most powerful states in Central Europe. They met in Lőcse (Levoča in Slovakia) in April 1494 to achieve a common foreign policy, but Vladislaus and John Albert did not reach a compromise about Moldavia and Silesia. Vladislaus levied an extraordinary tax, or "subsidy", without the authorization of the Diet in spring 1494. The noblemen protested against the tax all over the kingdom. Lawrence Újlaki, who was one of the wealthiest barons in Hungary, ordered the murder of a tax-collector and called Vladislaus an ox. Vladislaus accused Újlaki of co-operation with the Ottomans and launched a military campaign against him, compelling him to beg for mercy in early 1495. Újlaki was allowed to retain his most estates. The representatives of Vladislaus and the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II signed a truce for three years in April 1495, but Ottoman raids across the borders continued in Croatia.

The Estates accused Vladislaus's treasurer, Sigismund Ernuszt, of embezzlement at the Diet in May 1496. At the Diet's demand, Vladislaus ordered the arrest of Ernuszt and his deputy. Ernuszt was released only after paying a ransom of 400,000 gold florins.

Vladislaus visited Bohemia in the first half of 1497. After his return, the Diet persuaded him to forbid the unpopular Tamás Bakócz to use the royal seals, but Bakócz remained the arch-chancellor. The royal seals were entrusted to George Szatmári, who was the Thurzós' close ally. Pope Alexander made Bakócz Archbishop of Esztergom on 20 December.

Ottoman threat

Vladislaus rewarded the Estates of Slavonia (the "shield of Hungary" against the Ottomans) with a separate coat-of-arms at the end of 1497. The truce with the Ottoman Empire came to an end in 1498. The 1498 Diet of Hungary sanctioned the introduction of a one-florin ordinary tax, stipulating that the landowners could retain half of the tax to pay their own retainers. A decree obliged the wealthiest barons and prelates to set up their own armies. Another decree prescribed that the Royal Council could only make decisions if at least eight elected noble jurors of the royal courts attained the meeting. The Diet also passed laws that increased the noblemen's income at the expense of Church revenues and limited the economic privileges of the towns and townspeople.

Vladislaus made an alliance with John Albert and Stephen III of Moldavia against the Ottomans in Kraków on 20 July 1498. He was also reconciled with John Corvinus and made him ban of Croatia, tasking him with the defense of Croatia.

During his reign (1490–1516), the Hungarian royal power declined in favour of the Hungarian magnates, who used their power to curtail the peasants’ freedom. His reign in Hungary was largely stable, although Hungary was under consistent border pressure from the Ottoman Empire and went through the revolt of György Dózsa. On March 11, 1500, the Bohemian Diet adopted a new land constitution that limited royal power, and Vladislav signed it in 1502 (hence it is known as Vladislav land order). Additionally, he oversaw the construction (1493–1502) of the enormous Vladislav Hall atop the palace at the Prague Castle.

Vladislaus died on 13 March 1516, two weeks after his 60th birthday, in the city of Buda. His funeral was held six days later in the main cathedral of the city of Székesfehérvár, where all the Kings of Hungary used to be buried. His son was previously crowned as King of Hungary in 1508 and in 1509 as King of Bohemia before his father died, so the succession was assured. Before he died, Vladislaus called Tamás Bakócz, John Bornemissza, and George Hohenzollern, and named them the bearers and custodians of the young prince Louis. The monarch left a Kingdom in political ruins with a debt of 403,000 Hungarian florins.[citation needed]

Ancestors of Vladislaus II
16. Gediminas
8. Algirdas
17. Jewna[failed verification]
4. Władysław II Jagiełło
18. Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Tver
9. Uliana of Tver
19. Anastasia Yuryevna of Halych
2. Casimir IV Jagiellon
20. Ivan Olshansky
10. Andrzej Holszański[failed verification]
21. Agrypina[failed verification]
5. Sophia of Halshany
22. Demetrius I Starshy
11. Alexandra Dimitrijewna of Drutsk
1. Vladislaus II, King of Hungary and Bohemia
24. Albert III, Duke of Austria
12. Albert IV, Duke of Austria
25. Beatrice of Hohenzollern-Nuremberg
6. Albert II of Germany
26. Albert I, Duke of Bavaria
13. Johanna Sophia of Bavaria
27. Margaret of Brieg
3. Elisabeth of Habsburg
28. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
14. Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
29. Elizabeth of Pomerania
7. Elisabeth of Bohemia
30. Hermann II of Celje
15. Barbara of Celje
31. Anna, Countess of Schaunberg

Vladislaus II was married three times, the first time in 1476 at Frankfurt/Oder to Barbara of Brandenburg, daughter of Albrecht III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg, child widow of Silesian Piast Henry XI of Głogów. His second wife was Beatrice of Naples, the widow of King Matthias, who was a daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples. His third wife, Anne of Foix-Candale, was crowned on 29 September 1502 when she was about 18 years old and he was 46. She gave birth to his only two surviving legitimate children, Anne of Bohemia and Hungary and Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia, and died in 1506 from complications resulting from the birth of Louis.

After his death, Vladislaus' ten-year-old son Louis succeeded him on the thrones of both Bohemia and Hungary. His daughter Anna was married in 1515 to the future emperor Ferdinand of Austria, a grandson of Emperor Maximilian I. Therefore, after the death of Louis at the Battle of Mohács, the succession devolved through Anna to the cadet line of eastern Habsburgs.

His titles according to the laws in 1492: King of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania and Bulgaria, Prince of Silesia and Luxembourg, Margrave of Moravia and Upper-/Lower Lusatia.

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Vladislaus II of Hungary
Born: 1 March 1456 Died: 13 March 1516
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Bohemia
1471–1516
Succeeded by
Preceded by
King of Hungary and Croatia
1490–1516

Vladislaus II of Hungary
Vladislaus II of Hungary Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary This article is about the 15th century monarch For his grandfather Wladyslaw II Jagiello see Jogaila For similarly named members of the Jagiellon dynasty see Ladislaus Jagiello For other people named Ladislaus see Ladislaus Vladislaus II also known as Vladislav 1 2 Wladyslaw 3 or Wladislas 4 1 March 1456 13 March 1516 Hungarian II Ulaszlo was King of Bohemia from 1471 to 1516 and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1490 to 1516 As the eldest son of Casimir IV Jagiellon he was expected to inherit Poland and Lithuania George of Podebrady the Hussite ruler of Bohemia offered to make Vladislaus his heir in 1468 Podebrady needed Casimir IV s support against the rebellious Catholic noblemen and their ally Matthias Corvinus king of Hungary The Diet of Bohemia elected Vladislaus king after Podebrady s death but he could only rule Bohemia proper because Matthias whom the Catholic nobles had elected king occupied Moravia Silesia and both Lusatias Vladislaus tried to reconquer the four provinces with his father s assistance but Matthias repelled them Vladislaus IIFresco from walls of the St Wenceslas Chapel in St Vitus Cathedral Prague 1508 King of BohemiaReign1471 1516Coronation22 August 1471PredecessorGeorge of PodebradySuccessorLouisKing of Hungary and CroatiaReign1490 1516Coronation18 September 1490PredecessorMatthias CorvinusSuccessorLouis IIBorn1 March 1456 Krakow Kingdom of PolandDied13 March 1516 aged 60 Buda Kingdom of HungaryBurialSzekesfehervarSpouseBarbara of Brandenburg Beatrice of Naples Anne of Foix CandaleIssueAnne Queen of Hungary Louis II King of HungaryDynastyJagiellonFatherCasimir IV King of PolandMotherElizabeth of AustriaReligionRoman Catholic Vladislaus and Matthias divided the Crown of Bohemia in the Peace of Olomouc in 1479 The Estates of the realm had strengthened their position during the war between the two kings Vladislaus s attempts to promote the Catholics caused a rebellion in Prague and other towns in 1483 forcing him to acknowledge the dominance of the Hussites in the municipal assemblies The Diet confirmed the right of the Bohemian noblemen and commoners to freely adhere either to Hussitism or Catholicism in 1485 After Matthias Corvinus seized Silesian duchies to grant them to his illegitimate son John Corvinus Vladislaus made new alliances against him in the late 1480s Vladislaus whose mother Elizabeth of Habsburg was the sister of Matthias s predecessor laid claim to Hungary after Matthias s death The Diet of Hungary elected him king after his supporters defeated John Corvinus The other two claimants Maximilian of Habsburg and Vladislaus s brother John Albert invaded Hungary but they could not assert their claim and made peace with Vladislaus in 1491 He settled in Buda enabling the Estates of Bohemia Moravia Silesia and both Lusatias to take full charge of state administration Like previously in Bohemia also in Hungary Vladislaus always approved the decisions of the Royal Council hence his Hungarian nickname Dobzse Laszlo from Czech kral Dobre in Latin rex Bene King Very Well Due to the concessions he had made before his election the royal treasury could not finance a standing army and Matthias Corvinus s Black Army was dissolved after a rebellion although the Ottomans made regular raids against the southern border and after 1493 even annexed territories in Croatia Contents 1 Early life 2 Reign 2 1 War for Bohemia 2 2 Conflicts in Bohemia 2 3 War for Hungary 2 4 New regime in Hungary 2 5 Ottoman threat 3 Family 4 Titles 5 See also 6 References 7 SourcesEarly life EditVladislaus was the eldest son of Casimir IV King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania and Elizabeth of Habsburg 5 6 She was the daughter of Albert King of the Romans Hungary and Bohemia and Elizabeth of Luxembourg the only child and sole heiress of the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund 7 8 Vladislaus was born in Krakow on 1 March 1456 5 His mother and father laid claim to Hungary and Bohemia after her childless brother Ladislaus the Posthumous died on 23 November 1457 3 9 However their claims were ignored in both Hungary and Bohemia 3 10 The Diet of Hungary elected Matthias Corvinus king on 24 January 1458 11 The Bohemian Estates of the realm proclaimed the Hussite George of Podebrady king on 2 March 10 Vladislaus was his father s heir in Poland and Lithuania 12 Casimir IV wanted to prepare all his sons for ruling a realm and tasked renowned scholars with their education 13 The historian Jan Dlugosz was Vladislaus s tutor 14 Pope Paul II excommunicated George of Podebrady in late 1466 and proclaimed a crusade against him 15 The Czech Catholic noblemen rose up against the heretic George of Podebrady and sought assistance from Matthias Corvinus 15 Matthias declared war in March 1468 and invaded Moravia 15 On 16 May 1468 George of Podebrady offered Casimir IV to make Vladislaus his heir if Casimir mediated a peace treaty between Bohemia and Hungary 16 Matthias refused Casimir s offer but George of Podebrady forced him to sign a truce in early 1469 17 15 Fearing of losing Matthias s support the Catholic nobles proclaimed him king of Bohemia in Olomouc on 3 May 18 19 After George of Podebrady repeated his offer of bequeathing Bohemia to Vladislaus Casimir IV entered into negotiations with the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III on George of Podebrady s behalf 20 George of Podebrady died on 22 March 1471 18 21 Reign Edit Rey de Bohemia An ideal portrait of Vladislaus Jagiellon depicted as the King of Bohemia and Arch Cupbearer of the Empire on fol 33r of Portuguese armorial Livro do Armeiro Mor 1509 War for Bohemia Edit Further information Bohemian Hungarian War 1468 78 After the fifteen year old Vladislaus pledged to respect the liberties of the Estates of the realm the Bohemian Diet elected him king at Kutna Hora on 27 May 1471 1 22 He was specifically required to acknowledge the existence of two nations the Catholic and Hussite Estates in his realm in accordance with the Compacts of Basel although the Holy See had already condemned the Compacts in 1462 1 22 10 The Holy See regarded Vladislaus s election invalid and the papal legate Lorenzo Roverella confirmed Matthias Corvinus s claim to Bohemia on 28 May 23 22 10 However Emperor Frederick III refused to acknowledge Matthias as the lawful king of Bohemia 23 Vladislaus was crowned king in Prague on 22 August 1471 23 He could only secure his position with the noblemen s support because no army had accompanied him to Bohemia 24 Consequently the Diet developed into the most influential body of state administration during his reign 25 The Diet started to work as a legislative assembly and passed decrees that were recorded in specific registers 25 Casimir IV also supported Vladislaus 21 He allowed his second son Vladislaus s brother Casimir to invade Upper Hungary now Slovakia from Poland after a group of Hungarian barons and prelates offered Casimir the Hungarian throne in late 1471 13 26 27 Matthias defeated Casimir and forced him to withdraw from Hungary before the end of the year 21 28 On 1 March 1472 Pope Sixtus IV authorized his legate Marco Barbo to excommunicate Vladislaus and his father if they continued to wage war against Matthias 27 The first truce between Vladislaus and Matthias was signed on 31 May 29 Their representatives continued negotiations for months often in the presence of the papal legate who supported Matthias s claims 21 The Diet elected four noblemen at Benesov in 1473 to administer Bohemia as regents until peace was restored 24 The representatives of Casimir IV and Matthias concluded a peace treaty on 21 February 1474 30 Two days later Vladislaus also agreed to sign a truce for three years 31 32 Before long Vladislaus met Frederick III at the Imperial Diet in Nuremberg and persuaded him to make an alliance against Matthias 31 Casimir IV also joined the coalition 32 The Polish and Bohemian armies broke into Silesia and besieged Matthias in Wroclaw in October 33 The Hungarian troops cut off the invaders supply routes forcing Vladislaus and Casimir to sign a new truce for more than one year on 8 December 28 34 The young Barbara of Brandenburg inherited the Duchy of Glogow in Silesia from her husband Henry XI of Glogow in 1476 35 Most Silesian dukes had years before acknowledged the suzerainty of Matthias Corvinus but Vladislaus wanted to expand his authority in the province 35 He married Barbara by proxy to seize her duchy 35 With Matthias s support Henry XI s nephew Jan II Duke of Zagan broke into the duchy and occupied it 35 After Barbara lost her dowry the Royal Council forbade her to come to Bohemia 25 Vladislaus s attempt to seize Glogow gave rise to a new conflict 36 Vladislaus and Frederick III confirmed their alliance against Matthias on 5 December 1476 37 The papal legate Baldasare de Piscia threatened Vladislaus with excommunication if he invaded Matthias s realms 37 Frederick III installed Vladislaus as king of Bohemia and Prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire on 10 June 1477 37 38 Two days later Matthias declared war against the emperor and invaded Austria 37 38 Vladislaus sent reinforcements to his ally but he withdrew his troops from Austria before the end of July 39 Frederick was forced to acknowledge Matthias as the lawful king of Bohemia on 1 December 38 39 Baldasare de Piscia excommunicated Vladislaus and his supporters on 15 January 1478 40 The representatives of Vladislaus and Matthias started new negotiations and they reached a compromise that was accepted by both monarchs 40 1 The right of both Vladislaus and Matthias to use the title of king of Bohemia was confirmed but only Matthias was required to address Vladislaus as such in their correspondence 22 31 The Lands of the Bohemian Crown were divided Vladislaus ruled in Bohemia proper and Matthias in Moravia Silesia Upper and Lower Lusatias 22 The compromise also authorized Vladislaus to redeem the three provinces for 400 000 gold florins after Matthias s death 31 Matthias and Vladislaus ratified the peace treaty with great pomp and ceremony at a meeting in Olomouc on 21 July 1479 31 Conflicts in Bohemia Edit The Peace of Olomouc enabled the Catholic noblemen who had supported Matthias to return to Bohemia 41 Vladislaus who remained a Catholic decided to strengthen the position of the Catholics in his realm because he needed the support of the Holy See to strengthen his position in Europe 41 Although he was unable to achieve the restoration of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Prague 42 he began replacing the Hussite members of the town councils with Catholic burghers 41 Two sons of Vladislaus s predecessor Jindrich and Hynek of Podebrady also converted to Catholicism 43 Vladislav Hall within the Prague Castle Vladislaus s campaign for re Catholization stirred up the Hussites 41 and the townspeople in Prague rose up in September 1483 41 The rebels murdered or expelled all Catholic clerics and aldermen and persecuted the Germans and Jews 42 44 Vladislaus was also forced to leave the capital 44 Similar rebellions broke out in Nymburk Zatec and Hradec Kralove 44 After realizing that he could not send forces against Prague Vladislaus acknowledged that he was unable to continue his pro Catholic policy and confirmed the new Hussite aldermen in 1484 41 44 Vladislaus had a close relationship with the Jewish community including employing Jewish people such as Abraham of Bohemia The success of the revolt of the burghers of Prague brought about a between the moderate Hussite and Catholic noblemen who treated the townspeople with disdain 41 Vladislaus also urged the noblemen to reach an agreement on religious matters 43 Their compromise was confirmed at the Diet in Kutna Hora in March 1485 with acknowledging the right of both noblemen and commoners to freely adhere either to Catholicism or to Utraquism during the following 31 years 41 43 Frederick III failed to invite Vladislaus and Matthias to the Imperial Diet at Frankfurt where his son Maximilian was elected King of the Romans on 16 February 1486 42 45 Frederick s omission offended both kings of Bohemia who made an alliance against the emperor at a meeting in Jihlava on 11 September 42 45 The meeting also created an opportunity to discuss other issues of common interest especially the circulation of money in their realms 42 Vladislaus pledged to send reinforcements to Matthias to fight against Frederick III but his advisors convinced him not to keep his promise 42 The Diet of Bohemia also urged him to make peace with the emperor and the prince electors in June 1487 46 In the same year Pope Innocent VIII lifted the excommunication and recognized Vladislaus as king of Bohemia 1 Matthias Corvinus confiscated large estates in his realms and granted them to his illegitimate son John Corvinus because he wanted to make John his heir 42 47 The sons of George of Podebrady were among the barons who lost their estates to John Corvinus which annoyed Vladislaus because some estates were located in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown 42 Vladislaus sought his father s assistance and they made a formal alliance against Matthias on 23 April 42 46 Matthias forced Jan II of Zagan to renounce Glogow in favor of John Corvinus in spring 1489 48 Before long Vladislaus made peace with Emperor Frederick but the emperor s son Maximilian started peace negotiations with Matthias 48 War for Hungary Edit Succession wars in Hungary after the death of Matthias Corvinus Vladislas marked dark red Matthias Corvinus died unexpectedly in Vienna on 6 April 1490 47 49 By the time the noblemen assembled to elect his successor in May four candidates laid claim to the throne 49 50 John Corvinus was primarily supported by barons and prelates who owned estates along the southern frontier including Lawrence Ujlaki and Peter Varadi Archbishop of Kalocsa 51 Maximilian of Habsburg referred to the 1463 Peace Treaty of Wiener Neustadt which prescribed that Emperor Frederick or his heirs were to inherit Hungary if Matthias died without a legitimate heir 52 Vladislaus claimed Hungary as the eldest son of the sister of Matthias s predecessor Ladislaus the Posthumous 53 However his parents who wanted to secure a separate realm to their each sons proposed Vladislaus s younger brother John Albert 42 54 Most Hungarian barons and prelates preferred Vladislaus because his rule in Bohemia had indicated that he would respect their liberties 53 55 Vladislaus also pledged that he would marry Matthias s wealthy widow Beatrice of Naples after his coronation 56 His two supporters Stephen Bathory and Paul Kinizsi defeated John Corvinus on 4 July 51 The Diet of Hungary elected Vladislaus king on 15 July 51 53 Vladislaus who had left Prague for Hungary in late June issued a charter promising to refrain from imposing extraordinary taxes or introducing other harmful novelties and to closely cooperate with the Royal Council 53 He reached Buda the capital of Hungary on 9 August 51 55 He met his brother who had marched as far as Pest on the opposite side of the Danube River but they did not reach a compromise 57 Vladislaus was crowned king on 18 September in Szekesfehervar 53 In accordance with the promise he made after his election he settled in Buda 56 In his absence Bohemia was administered by the great officers of state especially the Burgrave of Prague and the Chancellor 25 Moravia Silesia and Lusatia had acknowledged his rule soon after Matthias Corvinus s death 25 56 Although Vladislaus pledged that the three provinces would be attached to the Hungarian Crown until the money stipulated in the Peace of Olomouc was paid to the Hungarian treasury the Estates of the Bohemian Crown argued that the personal union under his rule made that stipulation void 58 The 400 000 gold florins were never paid 56 58 John Albert did not renounce Hungary after Vladislaus s coronation 59 He captured Eger and laid siege to Kassa Kosice in Slovakia in September 57 Vladislaus married Beatrice of Naples in Esztergom on 4 October but the marriage was kept secret although she gave considerable funds to him to finance his campaigns for Hungary 56 57 Maximilian of Habsburg also invaded Hungary and seized Szombathely Veszprem and Szekesfehervar by the end of November 57 Vladislaus s supporters relieved Kassa in early December and Maximilian withdrew from Hungary before the end of the year because he could not finance his campaign 56 John Albert renounced his claim to Hungary in exchange for the Duchy of Glogow and the suzerainty over half of Silesia on 20 February 1491 59 60 John Albert again broke into Hungary in autumn but Stephen Zapolya forced him to withdraw 60 Vladislaus s troops had meanwhile expelled the army of Maximilian of Habsburg from Hungary 60 In the Peace of Pressburg signed on 7 November Vladislaus renounced all territories that Matthias Corvinus had conquered in Austria and also acknowledged the Habsburgs right to inherit Hungary and Bohemia if he died without a son 60 56 Stephen Zapolya routed John Albert at Eperjes Presov in Slovakia on 24 December forcing him to abandon his claim to Hungary 60 New regime in Hungary Edit Although John Filipec Bishop of Varad warned Vladislaus that the Hungarians could only be forced to obedience with a rod of iron Vladislaus did not continue Matthias Corvinus s centralizing policies 56 Almost all important decisions were made collectively in the Royal Council and Vladislaus always accepted them saying Dobrze Very well in Polish which is the origin of his nickname 61 Thomas Bakocz and Stephen Zapolya were his most influential advisors in the 1490s 62 The Diet of Hungary which had been convoked only five times during the last thirteen years of Matthias Corvinus s rule regained its importance 63 The first Diet assembled in early 1492 60 It only ratified the Peace of Pressburg after most noblemen who had attained the first sessions returned home because they accused the authors of the treaty of treachery for renouncing Matthias s conquests 64 Casimir IV died on 7 June 1492 after bequeathing Poland and Lithuania to Vladislaus s younger brothers John Albert and Alexander respectively 65 Vladislaus laid claim to Poland but the Polish noblemen elected John Albert king on 27 August 65 Vladislaus had inherited an almost empty treasury from Matthias and he was unable to raise money to finance his predecessor s Black Army a standing army of mercenaries 66 The unpaid mercenaries rose up and pillaged several villages along the Sava River 55 67 Paul Kinizsi routed them in September 67 Most mercenaries were executed and Vladislaus dissolved the remnants of the army on 3 January 1493 67 68 The Ottomans began to make regular raids against Hungary along the southern border 69 An Ottoman army inflicted a crushing defeat on the united army of the leading Croatian barons in the Battle of Krbava Field on 11 September 1493 70 71 The Ottomans annexed the Adriatic coast to the north of the river Neretva as far as Omis 71 A few months later the Croatian noblemen assembled at Bihac and tried to seek assistance from Pope Alexander VI and Maximilian of Habsburg 71 Nevertheless Vladislaus was still regarded as the head of a powerful state especially because he and his two brothers ruled the most powerful states in Central Europe 70 72 They met in Locse Levoca in Slovakia in April 1494 to achieve a common foreign policy but Vladislaus and John Albert did not reach a compromise about Moldavia and Silesia 72 59 73 Vladislaus levied an extraordinary tax or subsidy without the authorization of the Diet in spring 1494 68 73 The noblemen protested against the tax all over the kingdom 68 Lawrence Ujlaki who was one of the wealthiest barons in Hungary ordered the murder of a tax collector and called Vladislaus an ox 72 70 Vladislaus accused Ujlaki of co operation with the Ottomans and launched a military campaign against him compelling him to beg for mercy in early 1495 70 74 Ujlaki was allowed to retain his most estates 70 The representatives of Vladislaus and the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II signed a truce for three years in April 1495 75 but Ottoman raids across the borders continued in Croatia 71 The Estates accused Vladislaus s treasurer Sigismund Ernuszt of embezzlement at the Diet in May 1496 69 At the Diet s demand Vladislaus ordered the arrest of Ernuszt and his deputy 76 Ernuszt was released only after paying a ransom of 400 000 gold florins 76 Vladislaus visited Bohemia in the first half of 1497 77 After his return the Diet persuaded him to forbid the unpopular Tamas Bakocz to use the royal seals but Bakocz remained the arch chancellor 78 The royal seals were entrusted to George Szatmari who was the Thurzos close ally 78 Pope Alexander made Bakocz Archbishop of Esztergom on 20 December 77 Ottoman threat Edit Vladislaus rewarded the Estates of Slavonia the shield of Hungary against the Ottomans with a separate coat of arms at the end of 1497 77 71 The truce with the Ottoman Empire came to an end in 1498 70 The 1498 Diet of Hungary sanctioned the introduction of a one florin ordinary tax stipulating that the landowners could retain half of the tax to pay their own retainers 68 A decree obliged the wealthiest barons and prelates to set up their own armies 68 Another decree prescribed that the Royal Council could only make decisions if at least eight elected noble jurors of the royal courts attained the meeting 77 The Diet also passed laws that increased the noblemen s income at the expense of Church revenues and limited the economic privileges of the towns and townspeople 79 Vladislaus made an alliance with John Albert and Stephen III of Moldavia against the Ottomans in Krakow on 20 July 1498 80 He was also reconciled with John Corvinus and made him ban of Croatia tasking him with the defense of Croatia 80 81 During his reign 1490 1516 the Hungarian royal power declined in favour of the Hungarian magnates who used their power to curtail the peasants freedom 82 His reign in Hungary was largely stable although Hungary was under consistent border pressure from the Ottoman Empire and went through the revolt of Gyorgy Dozsa On March 11 1500 the Bohemian Diet adopted a new land constitution that limited royal power and Vladislav signed it in 1502 hence it is known as Vladislav land order 83 Additionally he oversaw the construction 1493 1502 of the enormous Vladislav Hall atop the palace at the Prague Castle Vladislaus died on 13 March 1516 two weeks after his 60th birthday in the city of Buda His funeral was held six days later in the main cathedral of the city of Szekesfehervar where all the Kings of Hungary used to be buried His son was previously crowned as King of Hungary in 1508 and in 1509 as King of Bohemia before his father died so the succession was assured Before he died Vladislaus called Tamas Bakocz John Bornemissza and George Hohenzollern and named them the bearers and custodians of the young prince Louis The monarch left a Kingdom in political ruins with a debt of 403 000 Hungarian florins citation needed Family EditAncestors of Vladislaus II 84 85 86 87 16 Gediminas8 Algirdas17 Jewna failed verification 4 Wladyslaw II Jagiello18 Aleksandr Mikhailovich of Tver9 Uliana of Tver19 Anastasia Yuryevna of Halych2 Casimir IV Jagiellon20 Ivan Olshansky10 Andrzej Holszanski failed verification 21 Agrypina failed verification 5 Sophia of Halshany22 Demetrius I Starshy11 Alexandra Dimitrijewna of Drutsk1 Vladislaus II King of Hungary and Bohemia24 Albert III Duke of Austria 91 12 Albert IV Duke of Austria 89 25 Beatrice of Hohenzollern Nuremberg 91 6 Albert II of Germany 88 26 Albert I Duke of Bavaria 92 13 Johanna Sophia of Bavaria 89 27 Margaret of Brieg 92 3 Elisabeth of Habsburg28 Charles IV Holy Roman Emperor 93 14 Sigismund Holy Roman Emperor 90 29 Elizabeth of Pomerania 93 7 Elisabeth of Bohemia 88 30 Hermann II of Celje 94 15 Barbara of Celje 90 31 Anna Countess of Schaunberg 94 Vladislaus II was married three times the first time in 1476 at Frankfurt Oder to Barbara of Brandenburg daughter of Albrecht III Achilles Elector of Brandenburg child widow of Silesian Piast Henry XI of Glogow His second wife was Beatrice of Naples the widow of King Matthias who was a daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples His third wife Anne of Foix Candale was crowned on 29 September 1502 when she was about 18 years old and he was 46 95 She gave birth to his only two surviving legitimate children Anne of Bohemia and Hungary and Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia and died in 1506 from complications resulting from the birth of Louis After his death Vladislaus ten year old son Louis succeeded him on the thrones of both Bohemia and Hungary His daughter Anna was married in 1515 to the future emperor Ferdinand of Austria a grandson of Emperor Maximilian I Therefore after the death of Louis at the Battle of Mohacs the succession devolved through Anna to the cadet line of eastern Habsburgs Titles EditHis titles according to the laws in 1492 King of Hungary Bohemia Dalmatia Croatia Slavonia Rama Serbia Galicia Lodomeria Cumania and Bulgaria Prince of Silesia and Luxembourg Margrave of Moravia and Upper Lower Lusatia 96 See also EditList of rulers of Bohemia List of rulers of HungaryReferences Edit a b c d e Boubin 2011 p 174 Macek 1998 p 98 a b c Frost 2015 p 278 Engel 2001 p 303 a b Varga 2012 p 144 Frost 2015 pp 278 279 Varga 2012 p 145 Frost 2015 p 277 Engel 2001 pp 297 298 a b c d Smahel 2011 p 165 Engel 2001 p 298 Kubinyi 2002 p 174 a b Frost 2015 p 280 Kubinyi 2002 p 175 a b c d Smahel 2011 p 167 Teke 1981 p 288 Teke 1981 p 289 a b Smahel 2011 p 168 Teke 1981 p 290 Teke 1981 pp 290 291 a b c d Engel 2001 p 304 a b c d e Macek 1998 p 100 a b c Teke 1981 p 292 a b Boubin 2011 p 176 a b c d e Macek 1998 p 101 Kontler 1999 pp 123 124 a b Teke 1981 p 293 a b Kontler 1999 p 124 Teke 1981 p 294 Teke 1981 pp 295 296 a b c d e Engel 2001 p 305 a b Teke 1981 p 296 Teke 1981 pp 296 297 Teke 1981 p 297 a b c d Kubinyi 2002 p 176 Teke 1981 p 299 a b c d Teke 1981 p 300 a b c Engel 2001 p 306 a b Teke 1981 p 301 a b Teke 1981 p 302 a b c d e f g h Boubin 2011 p 181 a b c d e f g h i j Kubinyi 2002 p 177 a b c Macek 1998 p 108 a b c d Macek 1998 p 104 a b Teke 1981 p 312 a b Teke 1981 p 313 a b Engel 2001 p 317 a b Teke 1981 p 316 a b Kontler 1999 p 128 Magas 2007 pp 77 78 a b c d Szakaly 1981 p 318 Kontler 1999 pp 119 130 a b c d e Engel 2001 p 345 Frost 2015 pp 280 281 a b c Kontler 1999 p 131 a b c d e f g h Engel 2001 p 346 a b c d Szakaly 1981 p 319 a b Boubin 2011 p 175 a b c Frost 2015 p 281 a b c d e f Szakaly 1981 p 320 Kontler 1999 p 346 Engel 2001 pp 353 354 Engel 2001 pp 315 348 Engel 2001 p 347 a b Frost 2015 p 327 Engel 2001 pp 357 358 a b c Szakaly 1981 p 321 a b c d e Engel 2001 p 358 a b Engel 2001 p 359 a b c d e f Engel 2001 p 360 a b c d e Magas 2007 p 88 a b c Kubinyi 2002 p 183 a b Szakaly 1981 p 322 Szakaly 1981 pp 322 323 Bartl et al 2002 p 55 a b Szakaly 1981 p 323 a b c d Szakaly 1981 p 324 a b Engel 2001 p 353 Engel 2001 p 356 a b Szakaly 1981 p 325 Magas 2007 p 89 Dozsa Rebellion Buchvaldek 1987 p page needed Frost 2015 pp 131 133 278 Rowell 1994 pp 89 90 Wolf 1994 pp 183 184 Kubinyi 2002 pp 206 209 a b Wurzbach 1860 sfn error no target CITEREFWurzbach1860 help a b Quirin 1953a sfn error no target CITEREFQuirin1953a help a b Krones 1877 a b Krones 1875 a b de Sousa 1735 p 147 a b Lindner 1892 a b Quirin 1953b sfn error no target CITEREFQuirin1953b help Cazacu 2017 p 204 1000ev hu in Hungarian Sources Edit Dozsa Rebellion Home gt World History gt Wars Battles amp Armed Conflicts Britannica Bartl Julius Cicaj Viliam Kohutova Maria Letz Robert Seges Vladimir Skvarna Dusan 2002 Slovak History Chronology amp Lexicon Bolchazy Carducci Publishers Slovenske Pedegogicke Nakladatel stvo ISBN 0 86516 444 4 Boubin Jaroslav 2011 The Bohemian Crownlands under the Jagiellons 1471 1526 In Panek Jaroslav Tuma Oldrich eds A History of the Czech Lands Charles University in Prague pp 173 187 ISBN 978 80 246 1645 2 Buchvaldek Miroslav 1987 Ceskoslovenske dejiny v datech in Czech 2nd ed Prague Svoboda OCLC 914813165 Cazacu Matei 2017 Reinert Stephen W ed Dracula Brill de Sousa Antonio Caetano 1735 Historia genealogica da casa real portugueza in Portuguese Lisbon Lisboa Occidental p 147 Engel Pal 2001 The Realm of St Stephen A History of Medieval Hungary 895 1526 I B Tauris Publishers ISBN 1 86064 061 3 Frost Robert 2015 The Oxford History of Poland Lithuania Volume I The Making of the Polish Lithuanian Union 1385 1569 Oxford University Press ISBN 978 0 19 820869 3 Kontler Laszlo 1999 Millennium in Central Europe A History of Hungary Atlantisz Publishing House ISBN 963 9165 37 9 Krones Franz von 1877 Elisabeth deutsche Konigin Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie ADB in German 6 Leipzig Duncker amp Humblot pp 9 11 Krones Franz von 1875 Albrecht IV Herzog von Osterreich Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie ADB in German 1 Leipzig Duncker amp Humblot pp 283 285 Kubinyi Andras 2002 II Ulaszlo In Kristo Gyula ed Magyarorszag vegyes hazi kiralyai The Kings of Various Dynasties of Hungary in Hungarian Szukits Konyvkiado pp 174 188 ISBN 963 9441 58 9 Lindner Theodor 1892 Sigmund Kaiser Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie ADB in German 34 Leipzig Duncker amp Humblot pp 267 282 Macek Josef 1998 The monarchy of the estates In Teich Mikulas ed Bohemia in History Cambridge University Press pp 98 116 ISBN 0 521 43155 7 Magas Branka 2007 Croatia Through History SAQI ISBN 978 0 86356 775 9 Quirin Heinz 1953a Albrecht II Neue Deutsche Biographie in German 1 Berlin Duncker amp Humblot pp 154 155 full text online Quirin Heinz 1953b Barbara von Cilly Neue Deutsche Biographie in German 1 Berlin Duncker amp Humblot p 581 full text online Rowell S C 1994 Lithuania Ascending A Pagan Empire within East Central Europe 1295 1345 Cambridge University Press ISBN 0 521 45011 X Smahel Frantisek 2011 The Hussite Revolution 1419 1471 In Panek Jaroslav Tuma Oldrich eds A History of the Czech Lands Charles University in Prague pp 149 169 ISBN 978 80 246 1645 2 Szakaly Ferenc 1981 A kozepkori magyar allam viragzasa es bukasa 1301 1526 1490 1526 Flourishing and Fall of Medieval Hungary 1301 1526 1490 1526 In Solymosi Laszlo ed Magyarorszag torteneti kronologiaja I a kezdetektol 1526 ig Historical Chronology of Hungary Volume I From the Beginning to 1526 in Hungarian Akademiai Kiado pp 318 350 ISBN 963 05 2661 1 Teke Zsuzsa 1981 A kozepkori magyar allam viragzasa es bukasa 1301 1526 1458 1490 Flourishing and Fall of Medieval Hungary 1301 1526 1458 1490 In Solymosi Laszlo ed Magyarorszag torteneti kronologiaja I a kezdetektol 1526 ig Historical Chronology of Hungary Volume I From the Beginning to 1526 in Hungarian Akademiai Kiado pp 273 318 ISBN 963 05 2661 1 Varga Szabolcs 2012 II Ulaszlo In Gujdar Noemi Szatmary Nora eds Magyar kiralyok nagykonyve Uralkodoink kormanyzoink es az erdelyi fejedelmek eletenek es tetteinek kepes tortenete Encyclopedia of the Kings of Hungary An Illustrated History of the Life and Deeds of Our Monarchs Regents and the Princes of Transylvania in Hungarian Reader s Digest pp 144 147 ISBN 978 963 289 214 6 Wolf Armin 1994 Reigning Queens in Medieval Europe When Where and Why In Parsons John Carmi ed Medieval Queenship Sutton Publishing pp 169 188 ISBN 0 7509 1831 4 Wurzbach Constantin von ed 1860 Habsburg Elisabeth von Oesterreich Konigin von Polen Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire in German 6 p 167 via Wikisource Vladislaus II of HungaryHouse of JagiellonBorn 1 March 1456 Died 13 March 1516Regnal titlesPreceded by George King of Bohemia 1471 1516 Succeeded by Louis II Preceded by Matthias I King of Hungary and Croatia 1490 1516 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vladislaus II of Hungary amp oldid 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