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Vranje

Vranje (Serbian Cyrillic:Врање, pronounced ()) is a city in southern Serbia and the administrative center of the Pčinja District. The municipality of Vranje has a population of 83,524 and its urban area has 60,485 inhabitants.

Vranje

Contents

The Romans conquered the region in the 2nd or 1st centuries BC. Vranje was part of Moesia Superior and Dardania during Roman rule. The Roman fortresses in the Vranje region were abandoned during the Hun attacks in 539–544 AD; these include the localities of Kale at Vranjska Banja, Gradište in Korbevac and Gradište in Prvonek.

During the Middle Ages, in the 9th-11th centuries, the territory of modern-day Vranje was a part of Bulgaria.

The first written mention of Vranje comes from Byzantine chronicle Alexiad by Anna Comnena (1083–1153), in which it is mentioned how Serbian ruler Vukan in 1093, as part of his conquests, reached Vranje and conquered it, however only shortly, as he was forced to retreat from the powerful Byzantines. The city name stems from the Old Serbian word vran ("black"). The second mention is from 1193, when Vranje was temporarily taken by Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja from the Byzantines. Vranje definitely entered the Serbian state in 1207 when it was conquered by Grand Prince Stefan Nemanjić.

Some time before 1306, tepčija Kuzma was given the governorship of Vranje (a župa, "county", including the town and neighbouring villages), serving King Stefan Milutin. At the same time, kaznac Miroslav held the surroundings of Vranje. Next, kaznac Baldovin (fl. 1325–45) received the province around Vranje, serving King Stefan Dečanski. Next, župan Maljušat, Baldovin's son, held the župa of Vranje. By the time of the proclamation of the Serbian Empire, holders with the title kefalija are present in Vranje, among other cities. During the fall of the Serbian Empire, Vranje was part of Uglješa Vlatković's possessions, which also included Preševo and Kumanovo. Uglješa became a vassal of Serbian Despot Stefan Lazarević after the Battle of Tripolje (1403); Vranje became part of Serbian Despotate.

Markovo Kale, ruins of a medieval fortress.

The medieval župa was a small landscape unit, whose territory expanded with creation of new settlements and independence of hamlets and neighbourhoods from župa villages and shepherd cottages. Good mercantile relations with developing mine city Novo Brdo led to creation of numerous settlements. In 1455, Vranje was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, amid the fall of the medieval Serbian state. It was organized as the seat of a kaza (county), named Vranje, after the city and the medieval župa. In the mid-19th century Austrian diplomat Johann Georg von Hahn stated that the population of Vranje kaza was 6/7 Bulgarian and 1/7 Albanian, while the city population consisted of 1000 Christian-Bulgarian families, 600 Albanian-Turkish and 50 Romani. The urban Muslim population of Vranje consisted of Albanians and Turks, of which a part were themselves of Albanian origin.

Vranje was part of the Ottoman Empire until 1878, when the town was captured by the Serbian army commanded by Jovan Belimarković. During the Serbian–Ottoman War (1876–1878) most of the Muslim population of Vranje fled to the Ottoman vilayet of Kosovo while a smaller number left after the conflict. The city entered the Principality of Serbia, with little more than 8,000 inhabitants at that time. The only Muslim population permitted to remain after the war in the town were Serbian speaking Muslim Romani of whom in 1910 numbered 6,089 in Vranje. Up until the end of the Balkan Wars Vranje had a special position and role, as the transmissive station of Serbian state political and cultural influence on Macedonia.

In the early 20th century, Vranje had around 12,000 inhabitants. As a border town of the Kingdom of Serbia, it was used as the starting point for Serbian guerrilla (Chetniks) who crossed into Ottoman territory and fought in Kosovo and Macedonia. In World War I, the main headquarters of the Serbian army was in the town. King Peter I Karađorđević, Prime Minister Nikola Pašić and the chief of staff General Radomir Putnik stayed in Vranje. Vranje was occupied by the Kingdom of Bulgaria on 16–17 October 1915, after which war crimes and Bulgarisation was committed on the city and wider region.

World War II memorial.

After the war, Vranje was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in one of the 33 oblasts; in 1929, it became part of the Vardar Banovina. During World War II, Nazi German troops entered the town on 9 April 1941 and transferred it to Bulgarian administration on 22 April 1941. During Bulgarian occupation, 400 Serbs were shot and around 4,000 interned.[citation needed] Vranje was liberated by the Yugoslav Partisans on 7 September 1944.

During Socialist Yugoslavia, Vranje was organized into the Pčinja District. In the 1960s and 1970s it was industrialized. During the 1990s, the economy of Vranje was heavily affected by the sanctions against Serbia and the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

Vranje is situated in the northwestern part of the Vranje basin, on the left waterside of the South Morava.

Vranje is at base of the mountains Pljačkovica (1,231 metres (4,039 feet)), Krstilovice (1,154 metres (3,786 feet)) and Pržar (731 metres (2,398 feet)). The Vranje river and the city are divided by the main road and railway line, which leads to the north Leskovac (70 km), Niš (110 kilometres (68 miles)) and Belgrade (347 kilometres (216 miles)), and, to the south Kumanovo (56 kilometres (35 miles)), Skopje (91 kilometres (57 miles)) and Thessalonica (354 kilometres (220 miles)). It is 70 km (43 mi) from the border with Bulgaria, 40 km (25 mi) from the border with North Macedonia.

Vranje is the economical, political, and cultural centre of the Pčinja District in South Serbia. The Pčinja District also includes the municipalities of Bosilegrad, Bujanovac, Vladičin Han, Preševo, Surdulica, and Trgovište. It is located on the Pan-European Corridor X.

Climate

Climate data for Vranje (1981–2010, extremes 1961–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
22.4
(72.3)
26.3
(79.3)
31.5
(88.7)
33.3
(91.9)
37.9
(100.2)
41.6
(106.9)
39.6
(103.3)
35.6
(96.1)
30.6
(87.1)
26.1
(79.0)
18.7
(65.7)
41.6
(106.9)
Average high °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
6.8
(44.2)
12.2
(54.0)
17.3
(63.1)
22.5
(72.5)
26.1
(79.0)
28.7
(83.7)
29.1
(84.4)
24.2
(75.6)
18.4
(65.1)
10.8
(51.4)
5.1
(41.2)
17.1
(62.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.1
(31.8)
1.8
(35.2)
6.4
(43.5)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
19.5
(67.1)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
16.9
(62.4)
11.8
(53.2)
5.7
(42.3)
1.2
(34.2)
11.1
(52.0)
Average low °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.1
(34.0)
5.0
(41.0)
9.4
(48.9)
12.6
(54.7)
14.1
(57.4)
14.1
(57.4)
10.3
(50.5)
6.2
(43.2)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −25.0
(−13.0)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−6.6
(20.1)
0.0
(32.0)
2.3
(36.1)
5.0
(41.0)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
−7.0
(19.4)
−12.6
(9.3)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−25.0
(−13.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35.4
(1.39)
38.3
(1.51)
38.2
(1.50)
52.0
(2.05)
56.3
(2.22)
63.2
(2.49)
44.7
(1.76)
43.2
(1.70)
46.7
(1.84)
52.4
(2.06)
57.4
(2.26)
50.5
(1.99)
578.3
(22.77)
Average precipitation days(≥ 0.1 mm) 12 12 12 12 13 10 8 7 9 9 12 14 131
Average snowy days 10 9 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 9 39
Average relative humidity (%) 81 75 67 64 65 65 61 60 67 73 79 83 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 73.8 100.7 151.3 176.2 230.5 274.3 316.1 294.8 209.8 153.4 87.5 55.5 2,123.9
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
10933,900
13865,800+0.14%
180010,564+0.14%
187815,875+0.52%
190027,586+2.54%
190534,110+4.34%
191039,487+2.97%
192148,817+1.95%
194859,504+0.74%
195362,659+1.04%
196165,367+0.53%
197172,208+1.00%
198182,527+1.34%
199186,518+0.47%
200287,288+0.08%
201183,524−0.49%
There is no citation available for pre-1948 population.
Source:

The city population has been expanded by Yugoslav-era settlers and urbanization from its surroundings. Serb refugees of the Yugoslav Wars (1991–95) and the Kosovo War (1998–99), especially during and following the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, as well as emigrants from Kosovo in the aftermath of the latter conflict have further increased the population.

According to the 2011 census results, there are 83,524 inhabitants in the city of Vranje.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the city administrative area (2011 census):

Ethnic group Population %
Serbs 76,569 91.67%
Roma 4,654 5.57%
Bulgarians 589 0.71%
Macedonians 255 0.31%
Montenegrins 48 0.06%
Gorani 43 0.05%
Croats 33 0.04%
Yugoslavs 22 0.03%
Muslims 17 0.02%
Albanians 13 0.02%
Russians 10 0.01%
Others 1,271 1.52%
Total 83,524
City of Vranje in Pčinja District

The city of Vranje consists of two city municipalities: Vranje and Vranjska Banja. Their municipal areas include the following settlements:

Municipality of Vranje
Municipality of Vranjska Banja

Culture

White Bridge, a landmark of Vranje.
Local traditional costume.

Vranje was an important Ottoman trading site. The White Bridge is a symbol of the city and is called "most ljubavi" (lovers' bridge) after the tale of the forbidden love between the Muslim girl Ajša and Christian Stojan that resulted in the father killing the couple. After that, he built the bridge where he had killed her and had the story inscribed in Ottoman Arabic. The 11th-century Markovo Kale fortress is in the north of the city. The city has traditional Balkan and Ottoman architecture.

The well-known theater play Koštana by Bora Stanković is set in Vranje.

Vranje is famous for its popular, old music, lively and melancholic at the same time. The best known music is from the theater piece with music, Koštana, by Bora Stanković. This original music style has been renewed recently by taking different, specific, and more oriental form, with the contribution of rich brass instruments. It is played particularly by the Vranje Romani people.

Vranje is the seat of Pčinja District and, as such, is a major center for cultural events in the district. Most notable annual events are Borina nedelja, Stari dani, Dani karanfila (in Vranjska Banja), etc.

Vranje lies close to Besna Kobila mountain and Vranjska Banja, locations with high potential that are underdeveloped. Other locations in and around Vranje with some tourist potential include Prohor Pčinjski monastery, Kale-Krševica, Markovo kale, Pržar, birth-house museum of Bora Stankovic.

Largest hotels are Hotel Vranje, near the center and Hotel Pržar overlooking the city and the valley. The city has traditional Serbian cuisine as well as international cuisine restaurants and many cafes and bars.

Culture institutions

The Museum of Vranje
  • National Museum (in former Pasha's residence, built in 1765)
  • Youth Cultural Centre
  • National Library
  • Centre for Talents
  • Theater "Bora Stanković"
  • Tourist organization of Vranje

Sport

The city has one top-flight association football team, Dinamo Vranje.

Pumpkins in the suburb village of Vlase.

Vranje is located in southern Serbia, on Corridor X near the border with North Macedonia and Bulgaria. The distance from Thessalonica international harbor is 285 km (177 mi); distance from the international airports of Skopje and Niš are 90 km (56 mi). Vranje has a long tradition of industrial production, trade, and tourism and is rich in natural resources, such as forests and geothermal resources.

Until the second half of the 20th century Vranje was a craftsman town. The crafts included weaving, water-milling, and carriages craft. With the beginning of industrialization in the 1960s, many of these crafts disappeared. In those years, many factories were opened, such as the Tobacco Industry of Vranje (Serbian:Дуванска индустрија Врање), Simpo, Koštana (shoe factory), Yumco (cotton plant), Alfa Plam (technical goods), SZP Zavarivač Vranje and others.

The most common industries in the city of Vranje are timber industry, clothing, footwear and furniture, food and beverages, agricultural, textile industry, chemical industry, construction industry, machinery and equipment, and business services. There are more than 2,500 small- and medium-size companies. To potential investors there are industrial sites, with plan documents and furnished infrastructure. Among the companies with business locations in the city are British American Tobacco, Simpo, Sanch, Mladenovic D.O.O, Kenda Farben, Danny style, OMV and Hellenic Petroleum.

As of September 2017, Vranje has one of 14 free economic zones established in Serbia.

Historical statistics

As of 1961, there were 1,525 employees; in 1971, there were 4,374 employees; and in 1998, there were 32,758 employees.[citation needed] Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, and due to sanctions imposed on FR Yugoslavia during the rule of Slobodan Milošević, the number of employees began to drop; factories which employed a large number of people closed, among whom are Yumco and Koštana. As of 2010, there were only 18,958 employed inhabitants and 7,559 unemployed.[citation needed] As of 2010, the city of Vranje has 59,278 available workers.[citation needed] In 2010, the City Council passed the "Strategy of sustainable development of the city of Vranje from 2010 to 2019," for the achievement of objectives through a transparent and responsible business partnership with industry and the public.

Economic preview

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 185
Mining and quarrying 312
Manufacturing 8,085
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 190
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 424
Construction 564
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 3,037
Transportation and storage 987
Accommodation and food services 658
Information and communication 206
Financial and insurance activities 289
Real estate activities 4
Professional, scientific and technical activities 618
Administrative and support service activities 353
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 1,529
Education 1,431
Human health and social work activities 2,016
Arts, entertainment and recreation 255
Other service activities 347
Individual agricultural workers 103
Total 21,594
Borisav "Bora" Stanković statue in his hometown Vranje.
A bust of Justin Popović

Twin towns – sister cities

The city of Vranje is twinned with:

^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

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  9. The Late Medieval Balkans, p. 48
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  11. Bazić 2008, p. 254.
  12. Blagojević 2001, p. 26.
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  14. Starinar 1936, p. 72: "... сродника и наследника кнеза Балдовина. Кнез Балдовин je из времена краља Стефана Уроша III Дечанског (1321 — 1331). Пре њега je, изгледа, био y Врањи тепчија Кузма, a пре овога казнац Мирослав (свакако онај исти који ce помиње y ..."
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  16. Blagojević 2001, p. 252.
  17. Reise von Belgrad nach Salonik. Von J. G. v. Hahn, K. K. Consul für östliche Griechenland. Wien 1861
  18. von Hahn, Johann. Bulgarians in Southwest Morava,[1] Illuminated by A. Teodoroff-Balan
  19. Jagodić, Miloš (1998). "The Emigration of Muslims from the New Serbian Regions 1877/1878". Balkanologie. 2 (2). doi:10.4000/balkanologie.265. para. 6. "According to the information about the language spoken among the Muslims in the cities, we can see of which nationality they were. So, the Muslim population of Niš and Pirot consisted mostly of Turks; in Vranje and Leskovac they were Turks and Albanians"; para. 11. "The Turks have been mostly city dwellers. It is certain, however, that part of them was of Albanian origin, because of the well-known fact that the Albanians have been very easily assimilated with Turks in the cities."; para. 26, 48.
  20. Malcolm, Noel (1998). Kosovo: A short history. London: Macmillan. p. 208. ISBN 9780333666128."Vranje itself became a major Gypsy centre, with a large population of Serbian-speaking Muslim Gypsies. After the nineteenth- century expulsions of Muslim Slavs and Muslim Albanians from the Serbian state, these Gypsies were virtually the only Muslims permitted to remain on Serbian soil: in 1910 there were 14,335 Muslims in the whole kingdom of Serbia (6,089 of them in Vranje), and roughly 90 per cent of the urban Muslims were Gypsies."
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Vranje
Vranje Language Watch Edit Vranje Serbian Cyrillic Vraњe pronounced ʋraɲɛ listen is a city in southern Serbia and the administrative center of the Pcinja District The municipality of Vranje has a population of 83 524 and its urban area has 60 485 inhabitants Vranje Vraњe Serbian CityCity of VranjeFrom top Main pedestrian zone Courthouse in Vranje County Building National Museum Prohor of Pcinja Monastery White Bridge Markovo Kale fortressFlagCoat of armsLocation of the city of Vranje within SerbiaCoordinates 42 33 N 21 54 E 42 550 N 21 900 E 42 550 21 900 Coordinates 42 33 N 21 54 E 42 550 N 21 900 E 42 550 21 900Country SerbiaRegionSouthern and Eastern SerbiaDistrictPcinjaMunicipalities2Settlements105Government MayorSlobodan Milenkovic SNS Area 1 Urban36 96 km2 14 27 sq mi Administrative860 km2 330 sq mi Elevation487 m 1 598 ft Population 2011 census 2 Rank17th in Serbia Urban60 485 Urban density1 600 km2 4 200 sq mi Administrative83 524 Administrative density97 km2 250 sq mi Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code17500Area code 381 0 17ISO 3166 codeSRBCar platesVRWebsitewww wbr vranje wbr org wbr rs Vranje is the economical political and cultural centre of the Pcinja District in Southern Serbia It is the first city from the Balkans to be declared UNESCO city of Music 3 4 It is located on the Pan European Corridor X close to the borders with North Macedonia and Bulgaria The Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Vranje is seated in the city as is the 4th Land Force Brigade of the Serbian Army Contents 1 History 2 Geography 2 1 Climate 3 Demographics 3 1 Ethnic groups 4 Municipalities and settlements 5 Society and culture 5 1 Culture 5 2 Culture institutions 5 3 Sport 6 Economy 7 Notable people 8 International relations 8 1 Twin towns sister cities 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 Sources 13 Further reading 14 External linksHistory EditThe Romans conquered the region in the 2nd or 1st centuries BC Vranje was part of Moesia Superior and Dardania during Roman rule The Roman fortresses in the Vranje region were abandoned during the Hun attacks in 539 544 AD these include the localities of Kale at Vranjska Banja Gradiste in Korbevac and Gradiste in Prvonek 5 During the Middle Ages in the 9th 11th centuries the territory of modern day Vranje was a part of Bulgaria 6 7 8 9 10 The first written mention of Vranje comes from Byzantine chronicle Alexiad by Anna Comnena 1083 1153 in which it is mentioned how Serbian ruler Vukan in 1093 as part of his conquests reached Vranje and conquered it however only shortly as he was forced to retreat from the powerful Byzantines 11 The city name stems from the Old Serbian word vran black The second mention is from 1193 when Vranje was temporarily taken by Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja from the Byzantines 11 Vranje definitely entered the Serbian state in 1207 when it was conquered by Grand Prince Stefan Nemanjic 11 Some time before 1306 tepcija Kuzma was given the governorship of Vranje a zupa county including the town and neighbouring villages serving King Stefan Milutin 12 At the same time kaznac Miroslav held the surroundings of Vranje 13 Next kaznac Baldovin fl 1325 45 received the province around Vranje serving King Stefan Decanski 14 Next zupan Maljusat Baldovin s son held the zupa of Vranje 15 By the time of the proclamation of the Serbian Empire holders with the title kefalija are present in Vranje among other cities 16 During the fall of the Serbian Empire Vranje was part of Ugljesa Vlatkovic s possessions which also included Presevo and Kumanovo Ugljesa became a vassal of Serbian Despot Stefan Lazarevic after the Battle of Tripolje 1403 Vranje became part of Serbian Despotate Markovo Kale ruins of a medieval fortress The medieval zupa was a small landscape unit whose territory expanded with creation of new settlements and independence of hamlets and neighbourhoods from zupa villages and shepherd cottages 11 Good mercantile relations with developing mine city Novo Brdo led to creation of numerous settlements 11 In 1455 Vranje was conquered by the Ottoman Empire amid the fall of the medieval Serbian state 11 It was organized as the seat of a kaza county named Vranje after the city and the medieval zupa 11 In the mid 19th century Austrian diplomat Johann Georg von Hahn stated that the population of Vranje kaza was 6 7 Bulgarian and 1 7 Albanian while the city population consisted of 1000 Christian Bulgarian families 600 Albanian Turkish and 50 Romani 17 18 The urban Muslim population of Vranje consisted of Albanians and Turks of which a part were themselves of Albanian origin 19 Vranje was part of the Ottoman Empire until 1878 when the town was captured by the Serbian army commanded by Jovan Belimarkovic 11 During the Serbian Ottoman War 1876 1878 most of the Muslim population of Vranje fled to the Ottoman vilayet of Kosovo while a smaller number left after the conflict 19 The city entered the Principality of Serbia with little more than 8 000 inhabitants at that time 11 The only Muslim population permitted to remain after the war in the town were Serbian speaking Muslim Romani of whom in 1910 numbered 6 089 in Vranje 20 Up until the end of the Balkan Wars Vranje had a special position and role as the transmissive station of Serbian state political and cultural influence on Macedonia 21 In the early 20th century Vranje had around 12 000 inhabitants As a border town of the Kingdom of Serbia it was used as the starting point for Serbian guerrilla Chetniks who crossed into Ottoman territory and fought in Kosovo and Macedonia In World War I the main headquarters of the Serbian army was in the town King Peter I Karađorđevic Prime Minister Nikola Pasic and the chief of staff General Radomir Putnik stayed in Vranje Vranje was occupied by the Kingdom of Bulgaria on 16 17 October 1915 after which war crimes and Bulgarisation was committed on the city and wider region 22 World War II memorial After the war Vranje was part of the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes in one of the 33 oblasts in 1929 it became part of the Vardar Banovina During World War II Nazi German troops entered the town on 9 April 1941 and transferred it to Bulgarian administration on 22 April 1941 During Bulgarian occupation 400 Serbs were shot and around 4 000 interned citation needed Vranje was liberated by the Yugoslav Partisans on 7 September 1944 During Socialist Yugoslavia Vranje was organized into the Pcinja District In the 1960s and 1970s it was industrialized During the 1990s the economy of Vranje was heavily affected by the sanctions against Serbia and the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia Geography EditVranje is situated in the northwestern part of the Vranje basin on the left waterside of the South Morava 11 Vranje is at base of the mountains Pljackovica 1 231 metres 4 039 feet Krstilovice 1 154 metres 3 786 feet and Przar 731 metres 2 398 feet The Vranje river and the city are divided by the main road and railway line which leads to the north Leskovac 70 km Nis 110 kilometres 68 miles and Belgrade 347 kilometres 216 miles and to the south Kumanovo 56 kilometres 35 miles Skopje 91 kilometres 57 miles and Thessalonica 354 kilometres 220 miles It is 70 km 43 mi from the border with Bulgaria 40 km 25 mi from the border with North Macedonia Vranje is the economical political and cultural centre of the Pcinja District in South Serbia 11 The Pcinja District also includes the municipalities of Bosilegrad Bujanovac Vladicin Han Presevo Surdulica and Trgoviste 11 It is located on the Pan European Corridor X Climate Edit Climate data for Vranje 1981 2010 extremes 1961 2010 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 17 9 64 2 22 4 72 3 26 3 79 3 31 5 88 7 33 3 91 9 37 9 100 2 41 6 106 9 39 6 103 3 35 6 96 1 30 6 87 1 26 1 79 0 18 7 65 7 41 6 106 9 Average high C F 4 2 39 6 6 8 44 2 12 2 54 0 17 3 63 1 22 5 72 5 26 1 79 0 28 7 83 7 29 1 84 4 24 2 75 6 18 4 65 1 10 8 51 4 5 1 41 2 17 1 62 8 Daily mean C F 0 1 31 8 1 8 35 2 6 4 43 5 11 2 52 2 16 0 60 8 19 5 67 1 21 6 70 9 21 6 70 9 16 9 62 4 11 8 53 2 5 7 42 3 1 2 34 2 11 1 52 0 Average low C F 3 6 25 5 2 6 27 3 1 1 34 0 5 0 41 0 9 4 48 9 12 6 54 7 14 1 57 4 14 1 57 4 10 3 50 5 6 2 43 2 1 5 34 7 2 1 28 2 5 5 41 9 Record low C F 25 0 13 0 22 0 7 6 13 0 8 6 6 6 20 1 0 0 32 0 2 3 36 1 5 0 41 0 4 5 40 1 2 4 27 7 7 0 19 4 12 6 9 3 18 0 0 4 25 0 13 0 Average precipitation mm inches 35 4 1 39 38 3 1 51 38 2 1 50 52 0 2 05 56 3 2 22 63 2 2 49 44 7 1 76 43 2 1 70 46 7 1 84 52 4 2 06 57 4 2 26 50 5 1 99 578 3 22 77 Average precipitation days 0 1 mm 12 12 12 12 13 10 8 7 9 9 12 14 131Average snowy days 10 9 6 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 9 39Average relative humidity 81 75 67 64 65 65 61 60 67 73 79 83 70Mean monthly sunshine hours 73 8 100 7 151 3 176 2 230 5 274 3 316 1 294 8 209 8 153 4 87 5 55 5 2 123 9Source Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia 23 Demographics EditHistorical populationYearPop p a 10933 900 13865 800 0 14 180010 564 0 14 187815 875 0 52 190027 586 2 54 190534 110 4 34 191039 487 2 97 192148 817 1 95 194859 504 0 74 195362 659 1 04 196165 367 0 53 197172 208 1 00 198182 527 1 34 199186 518 0 47 200287 288 0 08 201183 524 0 49 There is no citation available for pre 1948 population Source 24 The city population has been expanded by Yugoslav era settlers and urbanization from its surroundings Serb refugees of the Yugoslav Wars 1991 95 and the Kosovo War 1998 99 especially during and following the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia as well as emigrants from Kosovo in the aftermath of the latter conflict have further increased the population According to the 2011 census results there are 83 524 inhabitants in the city of Vranje Ethnic groups Edit The ethnic composition of the city administrative area 2011 census 25 Ethnic group Population Serbs 76 569 91 67 Roma 4 654 5 57 Bulgarians 589 0 71 Macedonians 255 0 31 Montenegrins 48 0 06 Gorani 43 0 05 Croats 33 0 04 Yugoslavs 22 0 03 Muslims 17 0 02 Albanians 13 0 02 Russians 10 0 01 Others 1 271 1 52 Total 83 524Municipalities and settlements Edit City of Vranje in Pcinja District The city of Vranje consists of two city municipalities Vranje and Vranjska Banja 2 Their municipal areas include the following settlements Municipality of VranjeAleksandrovac Barbarusince Barelic Beli Breg Bojin Del Bresnica Buljesovce Bustranje Crni Lug Cestelin Cukovac Curkovica Davidovac Dobrejance Donja Otulja Donje Punosevce Donje Trebesinje Donje Zapsko Donji Neradovac Dragobuzde Drenovac Dubnica Dulan Dupeljevo Golemo Selo Gornja Otulja Gornje Punosevce Gornje Trebesinje Gornje Zapsko Gornji Neradovac Gradnja Gumeriste Katun Klasnjice Kocura Kopanjane Kruseva Glava Krsevica Kupinince Lalince Lepcince Lukovo Margance Meckovac Mijakovce Mijovce Milanovo Milivojce Mostanica Nastavce Nova Brezovica Oblicka Sena Ostra Glava Pavlovac Pljackovica Preobrazenje Ranutovac Rataje Ribnice Ristovac Rozdace Rusce Vranje Sikirje Smiljevic Soderce Srednji Del Stance Stara Brezovica Stresak Stropsko Struganica Studena Surdul Suvi Dol Tesoviste Tibuzde Trstena Tumba Urmanica Usevce Visevce Vlase Vranje Vranje Vrtogos Zlatokop Municipality of Vranjska BanjaBabina Poljana Bujkovac Crni Vrh Duga Luka Izumno Klisurica Korbevac Korbul Kriva Feja Kumarevo Vranje Leva Reka Lipovac Nesvrta Panevlje Prvonek Prevalac Sebevranje Slivnica Stari Glog Toplac Vranjska BanjaSociety and culture EditCulture Edit White Bridge a landmark of Vranje Local traditional costume Vranje was an important Ottoman trading site The White Bridge is a symbol of the city and is called most ljubavi lovers bridge after the tale of the forbidden love between the Muslim girl Ajsa and Christian Stojan that resulted in the father killing the couple After that he built the bridge where he had killed her and had the story inscribed in Ottoman Arabic The 11th century Markovo Kale fortress is in the north of the city The city has traditional Balkan and Ottoman architecture The well known theater play Kostana by Bora Stankovic is set in Vranje Vranje is famous for its popular old music lively and melancholic at the same time The best known music is from the theater piece with music Kostana by Bora Stankovic This original music style has been renewed recently by taking different specific and more oriental form with the contribution of rich brass instruments It is played particularly by the Vranje Romani people Vranje is the seat of Pcinja District and as such is a major center for cultural events in the district Most notable annual events are Borina nedelja Stari dani Dani karanfila in Vranjska Banja etc Vranje lies close to Besna Kobila mountain and Vranjska Banja locations with high potential that are underdeveloped Other locations in and around Vranje with some tourist potential include Prohor Pcinjski monastery Kale Krsevica Markovo kale Przar birth house museum of Bora Stankovic Largest hotels are Hotel Vranje near the center and Hotel Przar overlooking the city and the valley The city has traditional Serbian cuisine as well as international cuisine restaurants and many cafes and bars Culture institutions Edit The Museum of Vranje National Museum in former Pasha s residence built in 1765 Youth Cultural Centre National Library Centre for Talents Theater Bora Stankovic Tourist organization of VranjeSport Edit The city has one top flight association football team Dinamo Vranje Economy Edit Pumpkins in the suburb village of Vlase Vranje is located in southern Serbia on Corridor X near the border with North Macedonia and Bulgaria The distance from Thessalonica international harbor is 285 km 177 mi distance from the international airports of Skopje and Nis are 90 km 56 mi Vranje has a long tradition of industrial production trade and tourism and is rich in natural resources such as forests and geothermal resources 26 Until the second half of the 20th century Vranje was a craftsman town The crafts included weaving water milling and carriages craft With the beginning of industrialization in the 1960s many of these crafts disappeared In those years many factories were opened such as the Tobacco Industry of Vranje Serbian Duvanska industriјa Vraњe Simpo Kostana shoe factory Yumco cotton plant Alfa Plam technical goods SZP Zavarivac Vranje and others The most common industries in the city of Vranje are timber industry clothing footwear and furniture food and beverages agricultural textile industry chemical industry construction industry machinery and equipment and business services There are more than 2 500 small and medium size companies To potential investors there are industrial sites with plan documents and furnished infrastructure Among the companies with business locations in the city are British American Tobacco Simpo Sanch Mladenovic D O O Kenda Farben Danny style OMV and Hellenic Petroleum 26 As of September 2017 Vranje has one of 14 free economic zones established in Serbia 27 Historical statistics As of 1961 there were 1 525 employees in 1971 there were 4 374 employees and in 1998 there were 32 758 employees citation needed Following the breakup of Yugoslavia and due to sanctions imposed on FR Yugoslavia during the rule of Slobodan Milosevic the number of employees began to drop factories which employed a large number of people closed among whom are Yumco and Kostana As of 2010 there were only 18 958 employed inhabitants and 7 559 unemployed citation needed As of 2010 the city of Vranje has 59 278 available workers citation needed In 2010 the City Council passed the Strategy of sustainable development of the city of Vranje from 2010 to 2019 for the achievement of objectives through a transparent and responsible business partnership with industry and the public 26 Economic preview The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity as of 2018 28 Activity TotalAgriculture forestry and fishing 185Mining and quarrying 312Manufacturing 8 085Electricity gas steam and air conditioning supply 190Water supply sewerage waste management and remediation activities 424Construction 564Wholesale and retail trade repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 3 037Transportation and storage 987Accommodation and food services 658Information and communication 206Financial and insurance activities 289Real estate activities 4Professional scientific and technical activities 618Administrative and support service activities 353Public administration and defense compulsory social security 1 529Education 1 431Human health and social work activities 2 016Arts entertainment and recreation 255Other service activities 347Individual agricultural workers 103Total 21 594Notable people Edit Borisav Bora Stankovic statue in his hometown Vranje A bust of Justin Popovic Borisav Bora Stankovic 1875 1927 a Serbian writer Justin Popovic 1894 1979 theologian and philosopher Gedik Ahmed Pasha 1482 Grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire Josip Kuze was a Yugoslav and Croatian football coach and former player Vlada Stosic 1965 a Serbian retired football player International relations EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Serbia Twin towns sister cities Edit The city of Vranje is twinned with Nowy Sacz Poland since 2002 29 Kavala Greece since 2009 Leposavic Kosovo a 30 See also EditList of cities in SerbiaNotes Edit Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008 Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013 as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states In total 112 UN member states have recognized Kosovo at some point of which 15 later withdrew their recognition References Edit Municipalities of Serbia 2006 Statistical Office of Serbia Retrieved 28 November 2010 a b 2011 Census of Population Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002 and 2011 Data by settlements PDF Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia Belgrade 2014 ISBN 978 86 6161 109 4 Retrieved 27 June 2014 UNESCO designates 66 new Creative Cities Creative Cities Network en unesco org Retrieved 2 November 2019 Vranje među kreativnim gradovima Uneska www novosti rs in Serbian Retrieved 2 November 2019 Jankovic Đorđe The Slavs in the 6th century North Illyricum Projekat Rastko in Serbian Belgrade Retrieved 29 September 2013 Ivanisevic 2013 p 450 sfn error no target CITEREFIvanisevic2013 help https www euratlas net history europe 900 index html Fine John V A Fine John Van Antwerp 29 December 1991 The Early Medieval Balkans A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century University of Michigan Press ISBN 978 0472081493 Retrieved 29 December 2017 via Google Books The Late Medieval Balkans p 48 The Late Medieval Balkans p 54 a b c d e f g h i j k l Bazic 2008 p 254 Blagojevic 2001 p 26 Sinisha Mishiћ 2010 Leksikon gradova i trgova sredњovekovnih srpskih zemaљa prema pisanim izvorima Zavod za uџbenike p 76 ISBN 978 86 17 16604 3 Starinar 1936 p 72 srodnika i naslednika kneza Baldovina Knez Baldovin je iz vremena kraљa Stefana Urosha III Dechanskog 1321 1331 Pre њega je izgleda bio y Vraњi tepchiјa Kuzma a pre ovoga kaznac Miroslav svakako onaј isti koјi ce pomiњe y Blagojevic 2001 pp 41 52 Blagojevic 2001 p 252 Reise von Belgrad nach Salonik Von J G v Hahn K K Consul fur ostliche Griechenland Wien 1861 von Hahn Johann Bulgarians in Southwest Morava 1 Illuminated by A Teodoroff Balan a b Jagodic Milos 1998 The Emigration of Muslims from the New Serbian Regions 1877 1878 Balkanologie 2 2 doi 10 4000 balkanologie 265 para 6 According to the information about the language spoken among the Muslims in the cities we can see of which nationality they were So the Muslim population of Nis and Pirot consisted mostly of Turks in Vranje and Leskovac they were Turks and Albanians para 11 The Turks have been mostly city dwellers It is certain however that part of them was of Albanian origin because of the well known fact that the Albanians have been very easily assimilated with Turks in the cities para 26 48 Malcolm Noel 1998 Kosovo A short history London Macmillan p 208 ISBN 9780333666128 Vranje itself became a major Gypsy centre with a large population of Serbian speaking Muslim Gypsies After the nineteenth century expulsions of Muslim Slavs and Muslim Albanians from the Serbian state these Gypsies were virtually the only Muslims permitted to remain on Serbian soil in 1910 there were 14 335 Muslims in the whole kingdom of Serbia 6 089 of them in Vranje and roughly 90 per cent of the urban Muslims were Gypsies Bazic 2008 p 255 Mitrovic 2007 pp 222 223 Monthly and annual means maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981 2010 in Serbian Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia Retrieved 25 February 2017 2011 Census of Population Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia PDF stat gov rs Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia Retrieved 11 January 2017 2011 Census of Population Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia PDF stat gov rs Retrieved 1 February 2018 a b c Agenciјa za strana ulagaњa i promociјu izvoza Republike Srbiјe SIEPA Grad Vraњe Mikavica A 3 September 2017 Slobodne zone mamac za investitore politika rs in Serbian Retrieved 17 March 2019 MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA 2019 PDF stat gov rs Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 25 December 2019 Retrieved 28 December 2019 Miasta partnerskie i zaprzyjaznione Nowego Sacza Urzad Miasta Nowego Sacza in Polish Archived from the original on 23 May 2013 Retrieved 1 August 2013 Međunarodna saradnja www vranje org rs Retrieved 4 July 2021 Sources EditBlagojevic Milos 2001 Drzhavna uprava u srpskim sredњovekovnim zemљama State administration in the Serb medieval lands Sluzbeni list SRJ ISBN 9788635504971 Mitrovic Andrej 2007 Serbia s Great War 1914 1918 West Lafayette Indiana Purdue University Press ISBN 978 1 55753 477 4 Pesic Miodrag 1975 Vraњe Nova Јugoslaviјa Vraњe kroz vekove izbor radova Vranje 1993 Dragoljub Mihajlovic 1969 Vranje koje ne umire Izdanje autora Simonovic Rista 1964 Vraњe okolina i љudi 1 Simonovic Rista 1973 Vraњe okolina i љudi 2 Simonovic Rista 1984 Staro vranje koje nestaje I Vraњski glasnik bibliografiјa 1998 Borislava Liliћ 2006 Јugoistochna Srbiјa 1878 1918 Institut za Savremenu Istoriјu ISBN 9788674031025 Bulatovic Aleksandar 2007 Vraњe Kulturna stratigrafiјa praistoriјskih lokaliteta u Vraњskoј regiјi Archaeological institute Belgrade National museum Vranje Trifunoski Jovan 1963 Vraњska kotlina Nikolic Rista Vraњska Pchiњa Misic Sinisa 2002 Јugoistochna Srbiјa sredњeg veka Vranje Međuopstinski arhiv Vranje i Udruzenje istoricara Braniceva i Timocke krajine Further reading EditTatomir P Vukanovic 1978 Vranje etnicka istorija i kulturna bastina vranjskog gravitacionog podrucja u doba oslobođenja od Turaka 1878 Radnicki univerzitet u Vranju Saњa Zlatanoviћ 2003 Svadba pricha o identitetu Vraњe i okolina Etnografski institut SANU ISBN 978 86 7587 026 5 Jadranka Đorđevic 2001 Srodnicki odnosi u Vranju Etnografski institut ISBN 978 86 7587 018 0 Hrabri vranjski i moravski bataljoni 1912 1918 Vranjska podruznica Udruzenja nosilaca Albanske spomenice 1970 Bazic Mirjana 2008 Istorijski znacaj i prosvetna politika grada Vranja PDF Bastina 24 253 260 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Vranje Official website Library of Vranje Museum of Vranje Tourist organization of Vranje Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vranje amp oldid 1054763390, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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