fbpx
Wikipedia

For other companies, see Vulcan (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Vulcan Foundry.

Vulcan Iron Works was the name of several iron foundries in both England and the United States during the Industrial Revolution and, in one case, lasting until the mid-20th century. Vulcan, the Roman god of fire and smithery, was a popular namesake for these foundries.

Vulcan Works, Thornton Road, Bradford, ca 1888, founded by Robinson Thwaites, was one of several Victorian era iron mills sharing the name; like many others, it made a wide variety of machinery including mining equipment and locomotives

Contents

During the Industrial Revolution, numerous entrepreneurs independently founded factories named Vulcan Iron Works in England, notably that of Robinson Thwaites and Edward Carbutt at Bradford, and that of Thomas Clunes at Worcester, England. The largest of all the ironworks of Victorian England, the Cleveland Works of Bolckow Vaughan in Middlesbrough, were on Vulcan Street.

Thwaites & Carbutt, Bradford

The Vulcan Works at Thornton Road, Bradford was a spacious and handsome factory. It was described in Industries of Yorkshire as

the largest of their kind in Bradford, and the centre and headquarters of an industry of magnificent dimensions and condition throughout. The works cover about four acres of ground ... The buildings are all of stone, and the mechanical equipment could not be surpassed in efficacy at the present day, for it includes the latest and best improvements in all kinds of apparatus that can be advantageously brought to bear upon such an industry as that here engaged in. The working staff numbers about 200 men; and the perfection of order and system prevails in each and every department.

Ley's, Derby

The mess room for Ley's Malleable Castings in Colombo Street, Derby

The Vulcan Iron Works at Osmaston Road, Derby was founded in 1874 by Francis Ley (1846-1916). On a site occupying 11 acres by the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway, he manufactured castings for motor cars. The company became the Ley's Malleable Castings Company Ltd. In the London Gazette of April 14, 1876, Ley was granted a patent for "improvements in apparatus for locking and fastening nuts on fish plate and other bolts". The iron foundry was closed and demolished in 1986.

McKenzie, Clunes & Holland, Worcester

Vulcan Iron Works, Worcester, founded by Thomas Clunes

The Vulcan Iron Works at Cromwell Street, Worcester was founded in 1857 by Thomas Clunes (b. 1818, d. 28 September 1879). The firm started out as "Engineers, Millwrights, Iron & Brass Founders, Plumbers etc", according to the listing in Kelly's Directory. The works had a single tall tapering square chimney, a covered area with open sides, and a handsome main building on a largely open site on the west side of the Worcester and Birmingham Canal.

By 1861, Clunes, a former "Plumber and Brass Founder" from Aberdeen, Scotland living in St Martin's, Worcester, with nine children, was a "Master Engineer employing 104 men and 10 boys"; his son Robert at age 11 was an "Apprentice to Engineer". In 1861, Clunes was joined by two former railwaymen, McKenzie and Holland, and the firm moved into railway signalling equipment. Clunes retired to Fowey, Cornwall, and his name was dropped from the company's name in the 1870s. The entry in the Worcestershire Post Office Directory for 1876 is simply "RAILWAY SIGNAL MANFRS. McKenzie & Holland, Vulcan Iron Works, Worcester."

Vulcan Foundry, Newton-le-Willows

Main article: Vulcan Foundry

The Vulcan Foundry at Newton-le-Willows produced ironwork for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, as well as locomotives.

Vulcan Iron Works, Langley Mill

The G R Turner company's Vulcan Iron Works at Langley Mill, Derbyshire was built in 1874. GR Turner produced railway rolling stock until the 1960s; at its peak it employed 350 men. According to Grace's Guide, G R Turner was established in 1863; it became a Limited Company in 1902, and was registered on 29 January 1903 as acquiring T N Turner's business of "engineer, wheel and wagon maker"; in 1914 it was described as "Colliery Engineers" as well as making rolling stock, with 800 engineers.

Vulcan Ironworks, Preston

Gregson and Monk Engineers, Salter Street, Preston, in 1960

In 1857 the firm of Baxendale and Gregson was founded in Shepherd Street, Preston, Lancashire. When the works there became too small, the business moved to a new Vulcan Ironworks, built at Salter Street, just off North Road, Preston, under the name Gregson and Monk.

In 1873, James Gregson bought 82 acres of land at Fulwood; in 1876 he built Highgate Park mansion with the land as its extensive gardens. He owned much property in Preston and was a councillor of Fulwood District. His son George Frederick Gregson ran the firm after him.

When Monk retired in March 1874, James Gregson became sole proprietor. He employed about 400 men, making up to 100 weaving looms per week. Over 25,000 looms made by Gregson were claimed to be at work in or near Preston in 1884.

The machines made by the firm included:

Silk looms, circular and drop-box looms, fustian looms, Turkish towel looms, jacquard looms, dobby looms, Bradford looms, sheeting, linen and sailcloth looms, etc., for weaving all kinds of cotton, linen, worsted, silk, flax, hemp, jute, and woollen goods of various widths and strength—principally shirtings, jaconets, domestic tablecloths, twills, sheetings, counterpanes, checks, ginghams, quiltings, toilet cloths, handkerchiefs, Turkish towels, fustians, nankeens, cotton velvets, bedticks, cambrics, drapers, hucks, damask, towels, &c. Also all kinds of preparing machinery, viz., slasher sizing machines, pirning machines, beaming machines, cloth folding and measuring machines, hydraulic cloth presses, steam drying machines, &c.

The ironworks was reported in 1884 to have grindstones of 7 ft (2 metre) diameter; "two cupolas blown by fans, one of which is capable of melting twenty tons of metal per day"; cranes and hoists; a brass moulding shop; a sand mill (for the mouldings); and a machine for grinding coal to dust. The buildings included a draughtsmen's office; a pattern makers' and joiners' shop; a packing room; an erecting and turning shop; and a smithy. All the machines were driven by rope from a single large wheel; two horizontal steam engines powered the entire ironworks. The journalist noted that "The death rate among grinders is very high indeed, which it is almost impossible to prevent."

Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

A Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania Vulcan Iron Works builder's plate from 1941.
Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania Vulcan Iron Works produced both steam and diesel locomotives in 1944

Vulcan Iron Works, based in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, manufactured railroad locomotives such as those shown in the illustration. The company was established in 1849 by Richard Jones. It built locomotives such as the preserved Berlin Mills Railway 7 (1911), and by 1944 was constructing both steam and diesel locomotives, as illustrated (right). The company ceased operation in 1954.

War-time service

In February 1944, before the 'D-Day' Normandy landings, the company claimed

Today, hundreds of Vulcan locomotives are rendering vitally important war-time service, both at home and overseas, and our shops are working at top speed to complete urgent orders for Army, Navy and defense plant requirements. Tomorrow, more and larger Vulcan locomotives will be available to help rebuild a war-torn world. Our manufacturing facilities are being enlarged and improved ....

Locomotives

Vulcan produced a wide variety of steam locomotives, mostly small but some with up to eight driving wheels. With the advent of internal combustion technology, the firm began producing small locomotives fueled not only with gasoline, but also benzine, alcohol, kerosene and naptha. Vulcan produced its first diesel locomotives in the 1920s; a total of 54 diesel-electric switcher units (each weighing 25 short tons (23 t) or more) came out of Vulcan's shops between 1938 and 1954. Its largest unit was a 70-short-ton (64 t) B-B unit built for Carnegie Steel Company in 1944. It also constructed the TCDD 56301 Class for the Turkish State Railways in 1947.

Vulcan built a large number of gasoline-powered locomotives with a mechanical drive, such as the Maumelle Ordnance Works Locomotive 1, built in 1942.

Seattle

Vulcan Iron Works, Seattle, 1900.

The Vulcan Iron Works in Seattle had Jacob Furth as its president. Furth ran the Vulcan Iron Works along with the Puget Sound Electric Railway and street railways on the Puget Sound.

San Francisco

A Vulcan Iron Works was established at 135 Fremont Street, San Francisco in 1850 during the California gold rush. The factory occupied the block bounded by Fremont, Mission, Howard, and First Streets. The factory maintained the name through a number of owners building boilers, steam engines, mining machinery, sawmills, and some relatively primitive steam locomotives for 19th century California railroads. It built the Oregon Pony in 1861. The factory was destroyed by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, but steel fabrication activities resumed on the site after the quake.

Charleston

There was a Vulcan Iron Works on Cumberland Street, Charleston, South Carolina in 1865.

  1. "1862 London Exhibition: Catalogue: Class 7.: Thwaites and Carbutt - Graces Guide".
  2. McKenzie and Holland Ltd, Vulcan Iron Works, Worcester http://www.miac.org.uk/mckenzie.htm Retrieved 12 October 2011
  3. "Bolckow & Vaughan Men of Steel". Chris Scott Wilson. 2010. Retrieved9 March 2012.
  4. Industries of Yorkshire, ca 1888
  5. "MediaHub". Ley's Vulcan Iron Works, Derby. Area over 11 acres. JISC. Retrieved17 February 2012.
  6. "North East Midland Photographic Record". The Leys Malleable Castings Company Ltd Works. November 1987. pp. DMAG000991. Retrieved17 February 2012.
  7. "No. 24314". The London Gazette. 14 April 1876. p. 2490.
  8. General Register Office for Scotland. 1851 Scotland Census. Aberdeen West. Roll CSSCT1851_39. ED 6A. Page 32.
  9. The National Archives. 1861 England Census Record. Worcester, St Martin. RG 9/2092. District 11. Page 2.
  10. Kelly, E. R. (editor) (1876). "Kelly's Directory". Post Office Directory of Worcestershire. Post Office. p. 1183. Retrieved12 October 2011.{{cite web}}:|author= has generic name ()
  11. The Vulcan Foundry Limited (2003) [1955]. Vulcan Steam Locomotives. P. & D. Riley. ISBN 978-1-874712-65-7.
  12. Heanor History: Langley Mill
  13. "Wessex Archaeology". The Vulcan Iron Works, Langley Mill. Wessex Archaeology. 19 April 2010. Retrieved16 February 2012.
  14. "Grace's Guide: British Industrial History". G R Turner. Grace's Guide. 29 October 2011. Retrieved16 February 2012.
  15. Our Local Industries. The Iron Trade. Messrs. Gregson and Monks, Vulcan Ironworks. (No. 9). Preston Chronicle, 30 August 1884. (Preston Digital Archive) Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  16. Hadwen, Alick (October 2009). "Preston Grammar School Association". Gregson, George Dietlin. PGS Association. Retrieved16 February 2012.
  17. "Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania Vulcan Iron Works Advertisement". Railway Age Magazine. 5 February 1944. Retrieved28 January 2006.
  18. Vulcan Locomotives, Vulcan Iron Works, Wilkes-Barre, 1911.
  19. Vulcan Iron Works, The Mining Catalog (Metal and Quarry Ed.), Keystone, Pittsburgh, 1921; page 275.
  20. Trains of Turkey. Steam. 56301 to 56388 Retrieved 12 October 2011
  21. Clarence Bagley, History of Seattle from the earliest settlement to the present time, Volume 2, The S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1916. p 732-738. This work is now in the public domain.
  22. "Vulcan Iron Works". Vintage Machinery. Retrieved25 July 2011.
  23. Other Geared Steam Locomotives — Page STUV. Geared Steam Locomotive Works. 2010-05-30. URL:http://www.gearedsteam.com/other/other_stuv.htm.
  24. "MEMORIES OF THE SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE OF 1906". Howard T. Livingston. Retrieved25 July 2011.
  25. "Vulcan Iron Works Sign". Civil War: Vulcan Iron Works Sign. Shorpy. Retrieved12 October 2011.

Vulcan Iron Works Article Talk Language Watch Edit For other companies see Vulcan disambiguation Not to be confused with Vulcan Foundry Vulcan Iron Works was the name of several iron foundries in both England and the United States during the Industrial Revolution and in one case lasting until the mid 20th century Vulcan the Roman god of fire and smithery was a popular namesake for these foundries Vulcan Works Thornton Road Bradford ca 1888 founded by Robinson Thwaites was one of several Victorian era iron mills sharing the name like many others it made a wide variety of machinery including mining equipment and locomotives Contents 1 England 1 1 Thwaites amp Carbutt Bradford 1 2 Ley s Derby 1 3 McKenzie Clunes amp Holland Worcester 1 4 Vulcan Foundry Newton le Willows 1 5 Vulcan Iron Works Langley Mill 1 6 Vulcan Ironworks Preston 2 United States 2 1 Wilkes Barre Pennsylvania 2 1 1 War time service 2 1 2 Locomotives 2 2 Seattle 2 3 San Francisco 2 4 Charleston 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksEngland EditDuring the Industrial Revolution numerous entrepreneurs independently founded factories named Vulcan Iron Works in England notably that of Robinson Thwaites and Edward Carbutt at Bradford 1 and that of Thomas Clunes at Worcester 2 England The largest of all the ironworks of Victorian England the Cleveland Works of Bolckow Vaughan in Middlesbrough were on Vulcan Street 3 Thwaites amp Carbutt Bradford Edit The Vulcan Works at Thornton Road Bradford was a spacious and handsome factory It was described in Industries of Yorkshire as the largest of their kind in Bradford and the centre and headquarters of an industry of magnificent dimensions and condition throughout The works cover about four acres of ground The buildings are all of stone and the mechanical equipment could not be surpassed in efficacy at the present day for it includes the latest and best improvements in all kinds of apparatus that can be advantageously brought to bear upon such an industry as that here engaged in The working staff numbers about 200 men and the perfection of order and system prevails in each and every department 4 Ley s Derby Edit The mess room for Ley s Malleable Castings in Colombo Street Derby The Vulcan Iron Works at Osmaston Road Derby was founded in 1874 by Francis Ley 1846 1916 On a site occupying 11 acres by the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway he manufactured castings for motor cars 5 The company became the Ley s Malleable Castings Company Ltd 6 In the London Gazette of April 14 1876 Ley was granted a patent for improvements in apparatus for locking and fastening nuts on fish plate and other bolts 7 The iron foundry was closed and demolished in 1986 5 McKenzie Clunes amp Holland Worcester Edit Vulcan Iron Works Worcester founded by Thomas Clunes See also Worcester Shrub Hill railway station The Vulcan Iron Works at Cromwell Street Worcester was founded in 1857 by Thomas Clunes b 1818 d 28 September 1879 2 The firm started out as Engineers Millwrights Iron amp Brass Founders Plumbers etc according to the listing in Kelly s Directory 2 The works had a single tall tapering square chimney a covered area with open sides and a handsome main building on a largely open site on the west side of the Worcester and Birmingham Canal 2 By 1861 Clunes a former Plumber and Brass Founder from Aberdeen Scotland 8 living in St Martin s Worcester with nine children was a Master Engineer employing 104 men and 10 boys his son Robert at age 11 was an Apprentice to Engineer 9 In 1861 Clunes was joined by two former railwaymen McKenzie and Holland and the firm moved into railway signalling equipment 2 Clunes retired to Fowey Cornwall and his name was dropped from the company s name in the 1870s 2 The entry in the Worcestershire Post Office Directory for 1876 is simply RAILWAY SIGNAL MANFRS McKenzie amp Holland Vulcan Iron Works Worcester 10 Vulcan Foundry Newton le Willows Edit Main article Vulcan Foundry The Vulcan Foundry at Newton le Willows produced ironwork for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway as well as locomotives 11 Vulcan Iron Works Langley Mill Edit The G R Turner company s Vulcan Iron Works at Langley Mill 12 Derbyshire was built in 1874 13 GR Turner produced railway rolling stock until the 1960s at its peak it employed 350 men 13 According to Grace s Guide G R Turner was established in 1863 it became a Limited Company in 1902 and was registered on 29 January 1903 as acquiring T N Turner s business of engineer wheel and wagon maker in 1914 it was described as Colliery Engineers as well as making rolling stock with 800 engineers 14 Vulcan Ironworks Preston Edit Gregson and Monk Engineers Salter Street Preston in 1960 In 1857 the firm of Baxendale and Gregson was founded in Shepherd Street Preston Lancashire When the works there became too small the business moved to a new Vulcan Ironworks built at Salter Street just off North Road Preston under the name Gregson and Monk 15 In 1873 James Gregson bought 82 acres of land at Fulwood in 1876 he built Highgate Park mansion with the land as its extensive gardens He owned much property in Preston and was a councillor of Fulwood District His son George Frederick Gregson ran the firm after him 16 When Monk retired in March 1874 James Gregson became sole proprietor He employed about 400 men making up to 100 weaving looms per week Over 25 000 looms made by Gregson were claimed to be at work in or near Preston in 1884 15 The machines made by the firm included 15 Silk looms circular and drop box looms fustian looms Turkish towel looms jacquard looms dobby looms Bradford looms sheeting linen and sailcloth looms etc for weaving all kinds of cotton linen worsted silk flax hemp jute and woollen goods of various widths and strength principally shirtings jaconets domestic tablecloths twills sheetings counterpanes checks ginghams quiltings toilet cloths handkerchiefs Turkish towels fustians nankeens cotton velvets bedticks cambrics drapers hucks damask towels amp c Also all kinds of preparing machinery viz slasher sizing machines pirning machines beaming machines cloth folding and measuring machines hydraulic cloth presses steam drying machines amp c The ironworks was reported in 1884 to have grindstones of 7 ft 2 metre diameter two cupolas blown by fans one of which is capable of melting twenty tons of metal per day cranes and hoists a brass moulding shop a sand mill for the mouldings and a machine for grinding coal to dust The buildings included a draughtsmen s office a pattern makers and joiners shop a packing room an erecting and turning shop and a smithy All the machines were driven by rope from a single large wheel two horizontal steam engines powered the entire ironworks The journalist noted that The death rate among grinders is very high indeed which it is almost impossible to prevent 15 United States EditWilkes Barre Pennsylvania Edit A Wilkes Barre Pennsylvania Vulcan Iron Works builder s plate from 1941 Wilkes Barre Pennsylvania Vulcan Iron Works produced both steam and diesel locomotives in 1944 Vulcan Iron Works based in Wilkes Barre Pennsylvania manufactured railroad locomotives such as those shown in the illustration 17 The company was established in 1849 by Richard Jones It built locomotives such as the preserved Berlin Mills Railway 7 1911 and by 1944 was constructing both steam and diesel locomotives as illustrated right 17 The company ceased operation in 1954 War time service Edit In February 1944 before the D Day Normandy landings the company claimed Today hundreds of Vulcan locomotives are rendering vitally important war time service both at home and overseas and our shops are working at top speed to complete urgent orders for Army Navy and defense plant requirements Tomorrow more and larger Vulcan locomotives will be available to help rebuild a war torn world Our manufacturing facilities are being enlarged and improved 17 Locomotives Edit Vulcan produced a wide variety of steam locomotives mostly small but some with up to eight driving wheels 18 With the advent of internal combustion technology the firm began producing small locomotives fueled not only with gasoline but also benzine alcohol kerosene and naptha 19 Vulcan produced its first diesel locomotives in the 1920s a total of 54 diesel electric switcher units each weighing 25 short tons 23 t or more came out of Vulcan s shops between 1938 and 1954 Its largest unit was a 70 short ton 64 t B B unit built for Carnegie Steel Company in 1944 It also constructed the TCDD 56301 Class for the Turkish State Railways in 1947 20 Vulcan built a large number of gasoline powered locomotives with a mechanical drive such as the Maumelle Ordnance Works Locomotive 1 built in 1942 Seattle Edit Vulcan Iron Works Seattle 1900 The Vulcan Iron Works in Seattle had Jacob Furth as its president Furth ran the Vulcan Iron Works along with the Puget Sound Electric Railway and street railways on the Puget Sound 21 San Francisco Edit A Vulcan Iron Works was established at 135 Fremont Street San Francisco in 1850 during the California gold rush The factory occupied the block bounded by Fremont Mission Howard and First Streets The factory maintained the name through a number of owners building boilers steam engines mining machinery sawmills and some relatively primitive steam locomotives for 19th century California railroads 22 It built the Oregon Pony in 1861 23 The factory was destroyed by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake but steel fabrication activities resumed on the site after the quake 24 Charleston Edit There was a Vulcan Iron Works on Cumberland Street Charleston South Carolina in 1865 25 See also EditVulcan motor vehicles References Edit 1862 London Exhibition Catalogue Class 7 Thwaites and Carbutt Graces Guide a b c d e f McKenzie and Holland Ltd Vulcan Iron Works Worcester http www miac org uk mckenzie htm Retrieved 12 October 2011 Bolckow amp Vaughan Men of Steel Chris Scott Wilson 2010 Retrieved 9 March 2012 Industries of Yorkshire ca 1888 a b MediaHub Ley s Vulcan Iron Works Derby Area over 11 acres JISC Retrieved 17 February 2012 North East Midland Photographic Record The Leys Malleable Castings Company Ltd Works November 1987 pp DMAG000991 Retrieved 17 February 2012 No 24314 The London Gazette 14 April 1876 p 2490 General Register Office for Scotland 1851 Scotland Census Aberdeen West Roll CSSCT1851 39 ED 6A Page 32 The National Archives 1861 England Census Record Worcester St Martin RG 9 2092 District 11 Page 2 Kelly E R editor 1876 Kelly s Directory Post Office Directory of Worcestershire Post Office p 1183 Retrieved 12 October 2011 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a author has generic name help The Vulcan Foundry Limited 2003 1955 Vulcan Steam Locomotives P amp D Riley ISBN 978 1 874712 65 7 Heanor History Langley Mill a b Wessex Archaeology The Vulcan Iron Works Langley Mill Wessex Archaeology 19 April 2010 Retrieved 16 February 2012 Grace s Guide British Industrial History G R Turner Grace s Guide 29 October 2011 Retrieved 16 February 2012 a b c d Our Local Industries The Iron Trade Messrs Gregson and Monks Vulcan Ironworks No 9 Preston Chronicle 30 August 1884 Preston Digital Archive Retrieved 16 February 2012 Hadwen Alick October 2009 Preston Grammar School Association Gregson George Dietlin PGS Association Retrieved 16 February 2012 a b c Wilkes Barre Pennsylvania Vulcan Iron Works Advertisement Railway Age Magazine 5 February 1944 Retrieved 28 January 2006 Vulcan Locomotives Vulcan Iron Works Wilkes Barre 1911 Vulcan Iron Works The Mining Catalog Metal and Quarry Ed Keystone Pittsburgh 1921 page 275 Trains of Turkey Steam 56301 to 56388 Retrieved 12 October 2011 Clarence Bagley History of Seattle from the earliest settlement to the present time Volume 2 The S J Clarke Publishing Company 1916 p 732 738 This work is now in the public domain Vulcan Iron Works Vintage Machinery Retrieved 25 July 2011 Other Geared Steam Locomotives Page STUV Geared Steam Locomotive Works 2010 05 30 URL http www gearedsteam com other other stuv htm MEMORIES OF THE SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE OF 1906 Howard T Livingston Retrieved 25 July 2011 Vulcan Iron Works Sign Civil War Vulcan Iron Works Sign Shorpy Retrieved 12 October 2011 External links EditPreserved Vulcan Iron Works steam locomotive list Photograph of Vulcan Iron Works Worcester steel at Shrub Hill station Photograph of Gregson and Monk Engineers Salter Street Preston Photograph of a Gregson and Monk power loom Photograph of James Gregson s Highgate Park mansion Preston in 1900 Photograph of a grate cast by Vulcan Iron Works San Francisco Finding Aid for Vulcan Iron Works collection at Hagley Library Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vulcan Iron Works amp oldid 1084129484, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.