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William Henry Hudson

This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.(June 2017) ()

William Henry Hudson (Quilmes, 4 August 1841 – Kensington, 18 August 1922) – known in Argentina as Guillermo Enrique Hudson – was an Anglo-Argentine author, naturalist and ornithologist.

William Henry Hudson
William Henry Hudson
Born(1841-08-04)4 August 1841
Quilmes, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina
Died18 August 1922(1922-08-18) (aged 81)
Kensington, London, England
NationalityEnglish Argentine
Known forGreen Mansions (novel)
Scientific career
FieldsNatural history
Ornithology

Contents

Hudson was the son of Daniel Hudson and his wife Catherine (néeKemble), United States settlers of English and Irish origin. He was born and lived his first years in an small estancia called "25 Ombues" in what is now Ingeniero Allan, Florencio Varela, Argentina.

In 1846 the family established a pulpería further south, in the surroundings of Chascomús, not far from the lake of the same name. In this natural environment, Hudson spent his youth studying the local flora and fauna and observing both natural and human dramas on what was then a lawless frontier, while publishing his ornithological work in Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society initially in an English mingled with Spanish idioms. He had a special love for Patagonia.

Hudson emigrated to England in 1874, taking up residence at St Luke's Road in Bayswater, where he continued to live for most of his life; in 1876 he married his landlady, the former singer Emily Wingrave, in Kensington, London. She was his senior by some years (sources differ). He supported himself as a writer and journalist; the couple had no children. Hudson himself obtained British citizenship on 4 July 1900.

Hudson died in Kensington in 1922, and was buried in Broadwater and Worthing Cemetery, Worthing on 22 August 1922, next to his wife who had died early in 1921.

Hudson was a friend of the late-19th century English author George Gissing, whom he met in 1889. They corresponded up until the latter's death in 1903, occasionally exchanging their publications, discussing literary and scientific matters and commenting on their respective access to books and newspapers, a matter of supreme importance to Gissing.

After his wife became an invalid and moved, in 1911, to Worthing in Sussex, England, Hudson lived apart from his wife "for reasons of his own health", though it is clear from their abundant surviving correspondence that Hudson visited her frequently, and they remained on affectionate terms.

He produced a series of ornithological studies, including Argentine Ornithology (1888–1899) and British Birds (1895), and later achieved fame with his books on the English countryside, including Hampshire Days (1903), Afoot in England (1909) and A Shepherd's Life (1910), which helped foster the back-to-nature movement of the 1920s and 1930s and was set in Wiltshire.

Hudson's best-known novel is Green Mansions (1904), and his best-known non-fiction is Far Away and Long Ago (1918), which was made into a film.

Hudson was an advocate of Lamarckian evolution. He was a critic of Darwinism and defended vitalism. He was influenced by the non-Darwinian evolutionary writings of Samuel Butler. He was an early member of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.

The Hudson Memorial Bird Sanctuary in Hyde Park, London includes a carved stone memorial by Sir Jacob Epstein representing Rima, the child goddess of nature, who featured in Hudson's novel Green Mansions. The engravings are by the designer Eric Gill.

Ernest Hemingway referred to Hudson's The Purple Land (1885) in his novel The Sun Also Rises, and to Far Away and Long Ago in his posthumous novel The Garden of Eden (1986). He listed Far Away and Long Ago in a suggested reading list for a young writer.

James Rebanks' 2015 book The Shepherd's Life about a Lake District farmer was inspired by Hudson's work of the same name: "But even more than Orwell or Hemingway, W.H. Hudson turned me into a book obsessive ..." (p. 115), and: "One day, I pulled A Shepherd's Life by W.H. Hudson from the bookcase ...and the sudden life-changing realization it gave me that we could be in books – great books." (p. 114)

In Argentina, Hudson is considered to belong to the national literature as Guillermo Enrique Hudson, the Spanish version of his name. A town in Berazategui Partido and several other public places and institutions are named after him. The town of Hudson in Buenos Aires Province is named for him.

  • The Purple Land that England Lost: Travels and Adventures in the Banda Oriental, South America (1885)
  • A Crystal Age (1887)
  • Argentine Ornithology (1888)
  • Fan–The Story of a Young Girl's Life (1892), as Henry Harford
  • The Naturalist in la Plata (1892)
  • Idle Days in Patagonia (1893)
  • Birds in a Village (1893)
  • Lost British Birds (1894), pamphlet
  • British Birds (1895), with a chapter by Frank Evers Beddard
  • Osprey; or, Egrets and Aigrettes (1896)
  • Birds in London (1898)
  • Nature in Downland (1900)
  • Birds and Man (1901)
  • El Ombú (1902), stories; later South American Sketches
  • Hampshire Days (1903)
  • Green Mansions: A Romance of the Tropical Forest (1904)
  • A Little Boy Lost (1905)
  • Land's End. A Naturalist's Impressions in West Cornwall (1908)
  • Afoot in England (1909)
  • A Shepherd's Life: Impressions of the South Wiltshire Downs (1910)
  • Adventures Among Birds (1913)
  • Tales of the Pampas (1916)
  • Far Away and Long Ago – A History of My Early Life (1918; new edition by Eland, 2005)
  • The Book of a Naturalist (1919)
  • Birds in Town and Village (1919)
  • Birds of La Plata (1920) two volumes
  • Dead Man's Plack and An Old Thorn (1920) – see Dead Man's Plack
  • A Traveller in Little Things (1921)
  • Tired Traveller (1921), essay
  • Seagulls in London. Why They Took To Coming To Town (1922), essay
  • Hind in Richmond Park (1922)
  • The Collected Works (1922–23), 24 volumes
  • 153 Letters from W.H. Hudson (1923), edited by Edward Garnett
  • Rare Vanishing & Lost British Birds (1923)
  • Ralph Herne (1923)
  • Men, Books and Birds (1925)
  • The Disappointed Squirrel (1925) from The Book of a Naturalist
  • Mary's Little Lamb (1929)
  • South American Romances (1930) The Purple Land; Green Mansions; El Ombú
  • W.H. Hudson's Letters to R. B. Cunninghame Graham (Golden Cockerel Press 1941; about R. B. Cunninghame Graham)
  • Tales of the Gauchos (1946)
  • Letters on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres (1951), edited by David W. Dewar
  • Diary Concerning his Voyage from Buenos Aires to Southampton on the Ebro (1958)
  • Gauchos of the Pampas and Their Horses (1963), stories, with R.B. Cunninghame Graham
  • English Birds and Green Places: Selected Writings (1964) ISBN 0-575-07207-5
  • Birds of A Feather: Unpublished Letters of W.H. Hudson (1981), edited by D. Shrubsall
  • Landscapes and Literati: Unpublished letters of W.H. Hudson and George Gissing (1985), edited by Dennis Shrubsall and Pierre Coustillas

Bibliographies

  • G. F. Wilson (1922, 1968) Bibliography of the Writings of W.H. Hudson
  • John R. Payne (1977) W.H. Hudson. a Bibliography

Biographies

  • Morley Roberts (1924) W.H. Hudson
  • Ford Madox Ford (1937) Portraits from Life
  • Robert Hamilton (1946) W.H. Hudson:The Vision of Earth
  • Richard E. Haymaker (1954). From Pampas to Hedgerows and Downs: A Study of W. H. Hudson
  • John T. Frederick (1972) William Henry Hudson
  • D. Shrubsall (1978) W.H. Hudson, Writer and Naturalist
  • Ruth Tomalin (1982) W.H. Hudson – a biography
  • Amy D. Ronner (1986) W.H. Hudson: The Man, The Novelist, The Naturalist
  • David Miller (1990) W.H. Hudson and the Elusive Paradise
  • Felipe Arocena (2003) William Henry Hudson: Life, Literature and Science
  • Jason Wilson: Living in the sound of the wind, [A Personal Quest For W. H. Hudson, Naturalist And Writer From The River Plate], London : Constable, 2016 ISBN 978-1-4721-2205-6
  1. There is a clear burial record for Emily Hudson in 1921 in a grave next to one which was to be occupied by William the following year. The General Registars Office record of death for an Emily Hudson dying in 1921 in this area of Sussex gives her age as around 4 years older than is given in the censuses. One apparently carefully researched biographical study states that she was "eleven years his senior", however.
  1. Hudson, William Henry (1918). Far Away and Long Ago. p. 12.
  2. Parodiz, Juan José (1981). Darwin in the New World. Brill Archive. p. 93. ISBN 978-90-04-06546-8.
  3. The Post Victorians:W H Hudson by H J Massingham, p261
  4. David Lindsay Sean Miller (1985). "The elusive paradise: a study of W.H.Hudson"(PDF). Royal Holloway College, University of London & ProQuest LLC, Ann Arbor MI. Retrieved4 February 2021.
  5. General Registars Office records of marriages; censuses for 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911
  6. Taking the oath of allegiance on that date: UK Naturalisation Certificates and Declarations 1870–1916, Piece 030, Certificate Numbers A11301-A11700,
  7. General Registrars Office register of deaths
  8. "Burial register search - Adur & Worthing Councils". www.adur-worthing.gov.uk.
  9. Shrubsall, Dennis and Pierre Coustillas eds. Landscape and literati: unpublished letters of W.H.Hudson and George Gissing. Salisbury: Michael Russell, 1985. Also various references in Coustillas, Pierre ed.London and the Life of Literature in Late Victorian England: the Diary of George Gissing. Brighton: Harvester Press, 1978.
  10. Haymaker, Richard E. (1954). From Pampas to Hedgerows and Downs: A Study of W. H. Hudson. Bookman Associates. p. 197
  11. Miller, David. (1990). W. H. Hudson and the Elusive Paradise. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 78–82. ISBN 978-0-312-03698-0
  12. "Ernest Hemingway Creates a Reading List for a Young Writer, 1934 | Open Culture".
  13. Watkins, M. G. (26 August 1893). "Review of Birds in a Village by W. H. Hudson". The Academy. 44 (1112): 174–175.
  14. "Review of El Ombú by W. H. Hudson". Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art. 93 (2432): 376. 7 June 1902.
  15. "Review of Adventures among Birds by W. H. Hudson". The Athenaeum (4467): 626. 7 June 1913.

William Henry Hudson
William Henry Hudson Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from W H Hudson This article includes a list of general references but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations June 2017 Learn how and when to remove this template message William Henry Hudson Quilmes 4 August 1841 Kensington 18 August 1922 known in Argentina as Guillermo Enrique Hudson was an Anglo Argentine author naturalist and ornithologist William Henry HudsonWilliam Henry HudsonBorn 1841 08 04 4 August 1841 Quilmes Buenos Aires Province ArgentinaDied18 August 1922 1922 08 18 aged 81 Kensington London EnglandNationalityEnglish ArgentineKnown forGreen Mansions novel Scientific careerFieldsNatural history Ornithology Contents 1 Life 2 Books 3 Scientific views 4 Recognition and awards 5 Works 5 1 Bibliographies 5 2 Biographies 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksLife EditHudson was the son of Daniel Hudson and his wife Catherine nee Kemble United States settlers of English and Irish origin He was born and lived his first years in an small estancia called 25 Ombues 1 in what is now Ingeniero Allan Florencio Varela Argentina In 1846 the family established a pulperia further south in the surroundings of Chascomus not far from the lake of the same name 2 In this natural environment Hudson spent his youth studying the local flora and fauna and observing both natural and human dramas on what was then a lawless frontier while publishing his ornithological work in Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society initially in an English mingled with Spanish idioms He had a special love for Patagonia Hudson emigrated to England in 1874 taking up residence at St Luke s Road in Bayswater 3 where he continued to live for most of his life in 1876 he married his landlady the former singer Emily Wingrave in Kensington London 4 She was his senior by some years sources differ He supported himself as a writer and journalist the couple had no children Hudson himself obtained British citizenship on 4 July 1900 5 6 Hudson died in Kensington in 1922 7 and was buried in Broadwater and Worthing Cemetery Worthing on 22 August 1922 next to his wife who had died early in 1921 8 a Hudson was a friend of the late 19th century English author George Gissing whom he met in 1889 They corresponded up until the latter s death in 1903 occasionally exchanging their publications discussing literary and scientific matters and commenting on their respective access to books and newspapers a matter of supreme importance to Gissing 9 After his wife became an invalid and moved in 1911 to Worthing in Sussex England Hudson lived apart from his wife for reasons of his own health though it is clear from their abundant surviving correspondence that Hudson visited her frequently and they remained on affectionate terms 4 Books EditHe produced a series of ornithological studies including Argentine Ornithology 1888 1899 and British Birds 1895 and later achieved fame with his books on the English countryside including Hampshire Days 1903 Afoot in England 1909 and A Shepherd s Life 1910 which helped foster the back to nature movement of the 1920s and 1930s and was set in Wiltshire Hudson s best known novel is Green Mansions 1904 and his best known non fiction is Far Away and Long Ago 1918 which was made into a film Scientific views EditHudson was an advocate of Lamarckian evolution He was a critic of Darwinism and defended vitalism He was influenced by the non Darwinian evolutionary writings of Samuel Butler 10 11 He was an early member of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Recognition and awards EditThe Hudson Memorial Bird Sanctuary in Hyde Park London includes a carved stone memorial by Sir Jacob Epstein representing Rima the child goddess of nature who featured in Hudson s novel Green Mansions The engravings are by the designer Eric Gill Ernest Hemingway referred to Hudson s The Purple Land 1885 in his novel The Sun Also Rises and to Far Away and Long Ago in his posthumous novel The Garden of Eden 1986 He listed Far Away and Long Ago in a suggested reading list for a young writer 12 James Rebanks 2015 book The Shepherd s Life about a Lake District farmer was inspired by Hudson s work of the same name But even more than Orwell or Hemingway W H Hudson turned me into a book obsessive p 115 and One day I pulled A Shepherd s Life by W H Hudson from the bookcase and the sudden life changing realization it gave me that we could be in books great books p 114 In Argentina Hudson is considered to belong to the national literature as Guillermo Enrique Hudson the Spanish version of his name A town in Berazategui Partido and several other public places and institutions are named after him The town of Hudson in Buenos Aires Province is named for him Works EditThe Purple Land that England Lost Travels and Adventures in the Banda Oriental South America 1885 A Crystal Age 1887 Argentine Ornithology 1888 Fan The Story of a Young Girl s Life 1892 as Henry Harford The Naturalist in la Plata 1892 Idle Days in Patagonia 1893 Birds in a Village 1893 13 Lost British Birds 1894 pamphlet British Birds 1895 with a chapter by Frank Evers Beddard Osprey or Egrets and Aigrettes 1896 Birds in London 1898 Nature in Downland 1900 Birds and Man 1901 El Ombu 1902 14 stories later South American Sketches Hampshire Days 1903 Green Mansions A Romance of the Tropical Forest 1904 A Little Boy Lost 1905 Land s End A Naturalist s Impressions in West Cornwall 1908 Afoot in England 1909 A Shepherd s Life Impressions of the South Wiltshire Downs 1910 Adventures Among Birds 1913 15 Tales of the Pampas 1916 Far Away and Long Ago A History of My Early Life 1918 new edition by Eland 2005 The Book of a Naturalist 1919 Birds in Town and Village 1919 Birds of La Plata 1920 two volumes Dead Man s Plack and An Old Thorn 1920 see Dead Man s Plack A Traveller in Little Things 1921 Tired Traveller 1921 essay Seagulls in London Why They Took To Coming To Town 1922 essay Hind in Richmond Park 1922 The Collected Works 1922 23 24 volumes 153 Letters from W H Hudson 1923 edited by Edward Garnett Rare Vanishing amp Lost British Birds 1923 Ralph Herne 1923 Men Books and Birds 1925 The Disappointed Squirrel 1925 from The Book of a Naturalist Mary s Little Lamb 1929 South American Romances 1930 The Purple Land Green Mansions El Ombu W H Hudson s Letters to R B Cunninghame Graham Golden Cockerel Press 1941 about R B Cunninghame Graham Tales of the Gauchos 1946 Letters on the Ornithology of Buenos Ayres 1951 edited by David W Dewar Diary Concerning his Voyage from Buenos Aires to Southampton on the Ebro 1958 Gauchos of the Pampas and Their Horses 1963 stories with R B Cunninghame Graham English Birds and Green Places Selected Writings 1964 ISBN 0 575 07207 5 Birds of A Feather Unpublished Letters of W H Hudson 1981 edited by D Shrubsall Landscapes and Literati Unpublished letters of W H Hudson and George Gissing 1985 edited by Dennis Shrubsall and Pierre CoustillasBibliographies Edit G F Wilson 1922 1968 Bibliography of the Writings of W H Hudson John R Payne 1977 W H Hudson a BibliographyBiographies Edit Morley Roberts 1924 W H Hudson Ford Madox Ford 1937 Portraits from Life Robert Hamilton 1946 W H Hudson The Vision of Earth Richard E Haymaker 1954 From Pampas to Hedgerows and Downs A Study of W H Hudson John T Frederick 1972 William Henry Hudson D Shrubsall 1978 W H Hudson Writer and Naturalist Ruth Tomalin 1982 W H Hudson a biography Amy D Ronner 1986 W H Hudson The Man The Novelist The Naturalist David Miller 1990 W H Hudson and the Elusive Paradise 4 Felipe Arocena 2003 William Henry Hudson Life Literature and Science Jason Wilson Living in the sound of the wind A Personal Quest For W H Hudson Naturalist And Writer From The River Plate London Constable 2016 ISBN 978 1 4721 2205 6Notes Edit There is a clear burial record for Emily Hudson in 1921 in a grave next to one which was to be occupied by William the following year The General Registars Office record of death for an Emily Hudson dying in 1921 in this area of Sussex gives her age as around 4 years older than is given in the censuses One apparently carefully researched biographical study states that she was eleven years his senior however 4 References Edit Hudson William Henry 1918 Far Away and Long Ago p 12 Parodiz Juan Jose 1981 Darwin in the New World Brill Archive p 93 ISBN 978 90 04 06546 8 The Post Victorians W H Hudson by H J Massingham p261 a b c d David Lindsay Sean Miller 1985 The elusive paradise a study of W H Hudson PDF Royal Holloway College University of London amp ProQuest LLC Ann Arbor MI Retrieved 4 February 2021 General Registars Office records of marriages censuses for 1881 1891 1901 1911 Taking the oath of allegiance on that date UK Naturalisation Certificates and Declarations 1870 1916 Piece 030 Certificate Numbers A11301 A11700 General Registrars Office register of deaths Burial register search Adur amp Worthing Councils www adur worthing gov uk Shrubsall Dennis and Pierre Coustillas eds Landscape and literati unpublished letters of W H Hudson and George Gissing Salisbury Michael Russell 1985 Also various references in Coustillas Pierre ed London and the Life of Literature in Late Victorian England the Diary of George Gissing Brighton Harvester Press 1978 Haymaker Richard E 1954 From Pampas to Hedgerows and Downs A Study of W H Hudson Bookman Associates p 197 Miller David 1990 W H Hudson and the Elusive Paradise Palgrave Macmillan pp 78 82 ISBN 978 0 312 03698 0 Ernest Hemingway Creates a Reading List for a Young Writer 1934 Open Culture Watkins M G 26 August 1893 Review of Birds in a Village by W H Hudson The Academy 44 1112 174 175 Review of El Ombu by W H Hudson Saturday Review of Politics Literature Science and Art 93 2432 376 7 June 1902 Review of Adventures among Birds by W H Hudson The Athenaeum 4467 626 7 June 1913 External links Edit Birds portal Speculative fiction portal Works related to William Henry Hudson at Wikisource Media related to William Henry Hudson at Wikimedia Commons Works by William Henry Hudson at Project Gutenberg Works by or about William Henry Hudson at Internet Archive Works by William Henry Hudson at LibriVox public domain audiobooks Tales of the Pampas El Ombu and Other Stories illustrated 1939 William Henry Hudson at Find a Grave Reserva Hudson Archival Material at Leeds University Library W H Hudson at Library of Congress Authorities with 202 catalogue records The Papers of William Henry Hudson at Dartmouth College Library Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title William Henry Hudson amp oldid 1045745600, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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