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This article is about the Polish town. For the river, see Vistula. For other uses, see Vistula (disambiguation).

Wisła (Polish: (); German: Weichsel; Czech: Visla) is a town in Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland, with a population of about 11,132 (2019), near the border with Czech Republic. It is situated in the Silesian Beskids mountain range in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia and ethnic region of the Silesian Gorals.Wisła is the Polish name for the Vistula River, which has its source in the mountains near the town. It is the only town in Poland[citation needed] with a majority Protestant population (as of 2006 roughly two-thirds of the population, which is a drop from 94,4% in 1900).

Wisła
Presidential Castle in Wisła in August 2013
Coat of arms
Wisła
Show map of Silesian Voivodeship
Wisła
Show map of Poland
Coordinates:49°39′17.69″N18°51′34.23″E /49.6549139°N 18.8595083°E /49.6549139; 18.8595083Coordinates: 49°39′17.69″N18°51′34.23″E /49.6549139°N 18.8595083°E /49.6549139; 18.8595083
CountryPoland
VoivodeshipSilesian
CountyCieszyn
GminaWisła (urban gmina)
First mentioned1615
City rights1962
Government
• MayorTomasz Bujok
Area
• Total110.26 km2 (42.57 sq mi)
Elevation
513 m (1,683 ft)
Population
(2019-06-30)
• Total11,132
• Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
43-460
Car platesSCI
Websitewww.wisla.pl

Wisła is a popular year-round tourist destination, being home to Malinka, a ski jumping hill. It is also known for being the home town of ski jumper Adam Małysz. Wisła is also the home of the Beskid Museum displaying agricultural tools, folk costumes and goatskin bagpipes from the surrounding region.

Contents

The first people to settle in Wisła in the late 16th or early 17th century came from two directions: from Ustroń up the river Vistula and Gorals searching for new pastures in the mountains (see also: Vlachs). It was first mentioned in 1615. Politically the village belonged then to the Duchy of Teschen, a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg monarchy. It was first recognized as a developed village of the Teschener Kammer, named na Wisłach, in 1643.

The majority of its inhabitants were Lutherans. After issuing the Patent of Toleration in 1781, they subsequently organized a local Lutheran parish as one of over ten in the region.

After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire, a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political district of Bielsko and the legal district of Skoczów. In the second half of the 19th century it became increasingly popular as a tourist destination.

According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality grew from 4261 in 1880 to 4685 in 1910 with a majority being native Polish-speakers (98.5%-99%) and a small minority German-speaking (at most 64 or 1.5% in 1880) and at most 4 people Czech-speaking (in 1910), in terms of religion majority were Protestants (94.9% in 1910), followed by Roman Catholics (232 or 5% in 1910) and 6 Jews. The village was also traditionally inhabited by a specific subgroup of Silesian Gorals, speaking Cieszyn Silesian dialect.

After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Poland. It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Poland. It gained town rights in 1962.

In the winter Wisła is known for its skiing: Malinka, a ski jump hill, is located here and hosts international competitions. In the summer, hiking through its many mountain trails is popular. To support its recent growth in tourism, many hotels have been built, the largest of which is Hotel Gołębiewski.

Wisła is also home to Wisła Castle – one of the official residences of the President of Poland.

In Wisła a trail starts that leads to the Stożek Wielki, a mountain on the border with the Czech Republic that reaches a height of 978 meters.

Wisła is twinned with:

  • Panorama of Wisła in 1939

  • Nowa Osada skiing station

  • Lutheran church of the Apostles Peter and Paul

  • Lutheran rectory

  • Former Habsburg Hunting Palace

  • Gołębiewski Hotel

  1. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved2020-02-14.
  2. Kiereś, Malgorzata; Cienciala, Zbigniew; Spyra, Janusz (2008). Monografia Wisły. 3 Kościoły i wspólnoty religijne Wisły (in Polish). Wisła: Galeria „Na Gojach". pp. 255–256. ISBN 978-83-60551-12-7. OCLC 643020117.
  3. Gemeindelexikon der im Reichsrate vertretenen Königreiche und Länder, bearbeitet auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1900, XI. Schlesien (in German). Wien. 1906.
  4. Kiereś, Malgorzata; Cienciala, Zbigniew; Spyra, Janusz (2007). Monografia Wisły. 2 Wisła: Dzieje beskidzkiej wsi do 1918 roku (in Polish). Wisła: Galeria „Na Gojach". p. 29. ISBN 978-83-60551-04-2. OCLC 259925233.
  5. Michejda, Karol (1992). "Dzieje Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim (od Reformacji do roku 1909)". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache". p. 144. ISBN 83-85572-00-7.
  6. Piątkowski, Kazimierz (1918). Stosunki narodowościowe w Księstwie Cieszyńskiem (in Polish). Cieszyn: Macierz Szkolna Księstwa Cieszyńskiego. pp. 261, 279.
  7. "Main Page: Partnerzy". wisla.pl (in Polish). Wisła. Retrieved2020-03-12.
  8. "Partnerské mestá". turciansketeplice.sk (in Slovak). Turčianske Teplice. Retrieved2020-03-12.

Media related to Wisła at Wikimedia Commons

Wisla Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article is about the Polish town For the river see Vistula For other uses see Vistula disambiguation Wisla Polish ˈviswa listen German Weichsel Czech Visla is a town in Cieszyn County Silesian Voivodeship southern Poland with a population of about 11 132 2019 near the border with Czech Republic It is situated in the Silesian Beskids mountain range in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia and ethnic region of the Silesian Gorals Wisla is the Polish name for the Vistula River which has its source in the mountains near the town It is the only town in Poland citation needed with a majority Protestant population as of 2006 roughly two thirds of the population 2 which is a drop from 94 4 in 1900 3 WislaPresidential Castle in Wisla in August 2013Coat of armsWislaShow map of Silesian VoivodeshipWislaShow map of PolandCoordinates 49 39 17 69 N 18 51 34 23 E 49 6549139 N 18 8595083 E 49 6549139 18 8595083 Coordinates 49 39 17 69 N 18 51 34 23 E 49 6549139 N 18 8595083 E 49 6549139 18 8595083Country PolandVoivodeship SilesianCountyCieszynGminaWisla urban gmina First mentioned1615City rights1962Government MayorTomasz BujokArea Total110 26 km2 42 57 sq mi Elevation513 m 1 683 ft Population 2019 06 30 1 Total11 132 Density100 km2 260 sq mi Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code43 460Car platesSCIWebsitewww wbr wisla wbr pl Wisla is a popular year round tourist destination being home to Malinka a ski jumping hill It is also known for being the home town of ski jumper Adam Malysz Wisla is also the home of the Beskid Museum displaying agricultural tools folk costumes and goatskin bagpipes from the surrounding region Contents 1 History 2 Tourism 3 Notable residents 4 Twin towns sister cities 5 Gallery 6 References 7 External linksHistory EditThe first people to settle in Wisla in the late 16th or early 17th century came from two directions from Ustron up the river Vistula and Gorals searching for new pastures in the mountains see also Vlachs It was first mentioned in 1615 Politically the village belonged then to the Duchy of Teschen a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg monarchy It was first recognized as a developed village of the Teschener Kammer named na Wislach in 1643 4 The majority of its inhabitants were Lutherans After issuing the Patent of Toleration in 1781 they subsequently organized a local Lutheran parish as one of over ten in the region 5 After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re established Austrian Silesia The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political district of Bielsko and the legal district of Skoczow In the second half of the 19th century it became increasingly popular as a tourist destination According to the censuses conducted in 1880 1890 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality grew from 4261 in 1880 to 4685 in 1910 with a majority being native Polish speakers 98 5 99 and a small minority German speaking at most 64 or 1 5 in 1880 and at most 4 people Czech speaking in 1910 in terms of religion majority were Protestants 94 9 in 1910 followed by Roman Catholics 232 or 5 in 1910 and 6 Jews 6 The village was also traditionally inhabited by a specific subgroup of Silesian Gorals speaking Cieszyn Silesian dialect After World War I fall of Austria Hungary Polish Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920 it became a part of Poland It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II After the war it was restored to Poland It gained town rights in 1962 Tourism EditIn the winter Wisla is known for its skiing Malinka a ski jump hill is located here and hosts international competitions In the summer hiking through its many mountain trails is popular To support its recent growth in tourism many hotels have been built the largest of which is Hotel Golebiewski Wisla is also home to Wisla Castle one of the official residences of the President of Poland In Wisla a trail starts that leads to the Stozek Wielki a mountain on the border with the Czech Republic that reaches a height of 978 meters Notable residents EditJuliusz Bursche 1862 1942 Lutheran bishop Adam Malysz born 1977 ski jumper Piotr Zyla born 1987 ski jumper Julian Ochorowicz 1850 1917 philosopher Jerzy Pilch 1952 2020 writer and columnistTwin towns sister cities EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland Wisla is twinned with 7 8 Bully les Mines France Coka Serbia Hukvaldy Czech Republic Nepomuk Czech Republic Rheinhausen Germany Turcianske Teplice SlovakiaGallery Edit Panorama of Wisla in 1939 Nowa Osada skiing station Lutheran church of the Apostles Peter and Paul Lutheran rectory Former Habsburg Hunting Palace Golebiewski HotelReferences Edit Population Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019 As of 30th June stat gov pl Statistics Poland 2019 10 15 Retrieved 2020 02 14 Kieres Malgorzata Cienciala Zbigniew Spyra Janusz 2008 Monografia Wisly 3 Koscioly i wspolnoty religijne Wisly in Polish Wisla Galeria Na Gojach pp 255 256 ISBN 978 83 60551 12 7 OCLC 643020117 Gemeindelexikon der im Reichsrate vertretenen Konigreiche und Lander bearbeitet auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Volkszahlung vom 31 Dezember 1900 XI Schlesien in German Wien 1906 Kieres Malgorzata Cienciala Zbigniew Spyra Janusz 2007 Monografia Wisly 2 Wisla Dzieje beskidzkiej wsi do 1918 roku in Polish Wisla Galeria Na Gojach p 29 ISBN 978 83 60551 04 2 OCLC 259925233 Michejda Karol 1992 Dzieje Kosciola ewangelickiego w Ksiestwie Cieszynskim od Reformacji do roku 1909 Z historii Kosciola ewangelickiego na Slasku Cieszynskim in Polish Katowice Dom Wydawniczy i Ksiegarski Didache p 144 ISBN 83 85572 00 7 Piatkowski Kazimierz 1918 Stosunki narodowosciowe w Ksiestwie Cieszynskiem in Polish Cieszyn Macierz Szkolna Ksiestwa Cieszynskiego pp 261 279 Main Page Partnerzy wisla pl in Polish Wisla Retrieved 2020 03 12 Partnerske mesta turciansketeplice sk in Slovak Turcianske Teplice Retrieved 2020 03 12 External links Edit Media related to Wisla at Wikimedia Commons Wisla Town Website Skocznia Malinka Website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Wisla amp oldid 1091345613, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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