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XVIII Airborne Corps

This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.(May 2010) ()

The XVIII Airborne Corps is a corps of the United States Army that has been in existence since 1942 and saw extensive service during World War II. The corps is designed for rapid deployment anywhere in the world and is referred to as "America's Contingency Corps". Its headquarters are at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

U.S. Corps (1939–present)
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XVI Corps (United States) XIX Corps (United States)

Contents

Its command group includes:

World War II

  • II Armored Corps

  • XVIII Corps

  • XVIII Airborne Corps

The corps was first activated on 17 January 1942, five weeks after the entry of the United States into World War II, as the II Armored Corps at Camp Polk, Louisiana, under the command of Major General William Henry Harrison Morris, Jr.. When the concept of armored corps proved unnecessary, II Armored Corps was re-designated as XVIII Corps on 9 October 1943 at the Presidio of Monterey, California.

XVIII Corps deployed to Europe on 17 August 1944 and became the XVIII Airborne Corps on 25 August 1944 at Ogbourne St. George, England, assuming command of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions, as part of the preparation for Operation Market Garden. Prior to this time, the two divisions were assigned to VII Corps and jumped into Normandy during Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy, as part of VII Corps. Major General Matthew Bunker Ridgway, a highly professional, competent and experienced airborne commander who had led the 82nd Airborne Division in Sicily, Italy and Normandy, was chosen to command the corps, which then consisted of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions and was part of the newly created First Allied Airborne Army.

The corps headquarters did not see service in Operation Market Garden, with the British I Airborne Corps being chosen instead to exercise operational command of all Allied airborne forces in the operation, including the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions.

Following the Battle of the Bulge, in which the corps played a significant part (and which, during the early stages of the battle, the corps was commanded by Major General James M. Gavin of the 82nd Airborne), all American airborne units on the Western Front fell under command of the corps. XVIII Airborne Corps planned and executed Operation Varsity, the airborne component of Operation Plunder, the crossing of the River Rhine into Germany. It was one of the largest airborne operations of the war, with the British 6th and U.S. 17th Airborne Divisions under command. After taking part in the Western Allied invasion of Germany, the XVIII Airborne Corps, still under Ridgway, returned to the United States in June 1945 and was initially to take part in the invasion of Japan, codenamed Operation Downfall. However, the Japanese surrendered just weeks later and XVIII Airborne Corps was inactivated on 15 October 1945 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.

World War II units


Cold War

The Corps was reactivated at Fort Bragg on 21 May 1951 under the command of Major General John W. Leonard. Since then, the corps has been the primary strategic response force, with subordinate units participating in over a dozen major operations (listed below) in both combat and humanitarian roles, primarily in Central America and the CENTCOM area of responsibility.

In 1958 the XVIII Airborne Corps was given the additional mission of becoming the Strategic Army Corps. The corps was now tasked, in addition, to provide a flexible strike capability that could deploy worldwide, on short notice, without a declaration of an emergency. The 4th Infantry Division at Fort Lewis, Washington, and the 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, were designated as STRAC's first-line divisions, while the 1st Infantry Division at Fort Riley, Kansas, and the 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg were to provide backup in the event of general war. The 5th Logistical Command (later inactivated), also at Fort Bragg, would provide the corps with logistics support, while Fort Bragg's XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery would control artillery units.

The Corps deployed forces to the United States occupation of the Dominican Republic ('Operation Power Pack') in 1965.

The Corps deployed forces to the Vietnam War, including the entire 101st Airborne Division and the 3rd Brigade of the 82nd Airborne division.

In 1967 elements of the Corps were deployed to Detroit to suppress riots, and also to The Congo to support the government there and to rescue civilian hostages as part of Operation Dragon Rouge.

In 1982 the Corps first rotated elements to the Sinai Peninsula as part of the Multinational Force and Observers (UN) to guarantee the Camp David Peace Accords.

In 1983 elements of the Corps were deployed to the island of Grenada as part of Operation Urgent Fury, with the stated goal of reestablishing the democratically elected government.

In 1989 XVIII Airborne Corps, commanded by then LTG Carl Stiner, participated in the invasion of Panama in Operation Just Cause. Stiner served concurrently as Commander of Joint Task Force South.

Structure in 1989

NATO Symbol
XVIII (US)

At the end of the Cold War in 1989 the corps consisted of the following formations and units:

Desert Storm

In 1991, XVIII Airborne Corps participated in the Persian Gulf War. The corps was responsible for securing VII Corps' northern flank against a possible Iraqi counterattack. Along with the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions, 24th Infantry Division and 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment, XVIII Airborne Corps also gained operational control of the French 6th Light Armor Division (LAD) (which also included units from the French Foreign Legion).

During Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery consisted of the 3d Battalion, 8th Field Artillery; 5th Battalion, 8th Field Artillery; and the 1st Battalion (Airborne), 39th Field Artillery. The living quarters for these three units were situated between the 82d Airborne Division and the Special Forces at Fort Bragg. Of the three units, only 1-39th was airborne qualified and served as the only fully airborne deployable 155 mm Field Artillery unit in history.[citation needed] The 1-39th FA and 3-8th FA were key components of the thrust into Iraq in the first Gulf War, providing fire support for the French Foreign Legion and the 82nd Airborne Division. The 5th Battalion, 8th Field Artillery also served in a major support role for 82d and French troops during the Gulf War. It consisted of three individual batteries. Batteries A and B were Airborne-qualified, while Battery C was air assault. Batteries A and B were assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina and Battery C was assigned to Fort Campbell, Kentucky. All of the battalions were subsequently re-flagged during the years following the Gulf War.

Task Force 118 had flown the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior off naval vessels during Operation Prime Chance in the 1980s, operating against Iran in the Persian Gulf. It was redesignated the 4th Squadron, 17th Cavalry on 15 January 1991. During the Gulf War of 1991 it was part of the 18th Aviation Brigade.

Major formations, 1950–2006

The 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions have served with the corps since the 1950s. The 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized) was 'reflagged' as the 3rd Infantry Division (Mechanized) in April 1996.

21st century

The XVIII Airborne Corps command group, led by LTG (later GEN) Lloyd J. Austin, returns home from Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2009

The Corps headquarters was deployed to Afghanistan from May 2002 – 2003, and became Combined Joint Task Force 180 for the deployment.

XVIII Airborne Corps was deployed from January 2005 to January 2006 to Baghdad, Iraq, where it served as the Multi-National Corps – Iraq. Following its return, XVIII Airborne Corps and its subordinate units began the process of modernization and reorganization.

Under the previous Army Chief of Staff's future restructure of the Army, the corps headquarters of the XVIII Airborne Corps will lose its airborne (specifically parachute) certification as a cost-cutting measure—the same will occur to the divisional headquarters of the 82nd Airborne Division. This plan is designed to follow the U.S. Army's restructuring plan to go from being division-based to brigade-based. This will mean that the largest units that will be airborne – specifically parachute certified – will be at the brigade level. Even so, for traditional and historical reasons, the formation will continue to be called the XVIII Airborne Corps.

The divisions that fall under the XVIII Airborne Corps (as well as the other two corps in the Army) are in a period of transition, shifting from corps control to fall directly under FORSCOM, eliminating the corps status as a middle man. This ties in with the Army's broad modularity plan, as a corps can deploy and support any unit, not just the units subordinate to the corps. The 3d Infantry Division, the 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry), and the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) have already changed over to direct FORSCOM control. The 82nd Airborne Division will transfer after the division returns from Afghanistan.

In August 2006, XVIII Airborne Corps traveled to South Korea to participate in Ulchi Focus Lens, a joint training exercise between the Republic of Korea Army and coalition forces stationed there.

In mid-April, 2007, the Department of the Army confirmed the next OIF deployment schedule, with XVIII Airborne Corps deploying to relieve III Corps as the MNC-I at Camp Victory, Baghdad, Iraq. XVIII Airborne Corps is scheduled to replace III Corps in November, 2007. The corps will deploy along with 1st Armored Division and 4th Infantry Division, as well as 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, and 1st BCT, 82nd Airborne Division.

On 21 December 2016, Stars and Stripes reported that in August the XVIII Airborne Corps deployed to Iraq for Operation Inherent Resolve, in December this included the XVIII Airborne Corps headquarters and the 1st Special Forces Command, which is deployed as the Special Operations Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve. The 18th Field Artillery Brigade deployed into Iraq with High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems.

A Canadian Army General has served with the XVIII Corps since 2007.

XVIII Corps organization 2021 (click to enlarge)

XVIII Airborne Corps, Fort Bragg

Other supporting units:

Operations

The corps has participated in a number of operations since then:

Notable members

  1. Manternach, Adam (7 October 2019). "XVIII Airborne Corps hosts change of command, welcomes familiar Fort Bragg leader to the helm". Retrieved25 October 2019.
  2. https://home.army.mil/bragg/index.php/units-tenants/xviii-airborne-co
  3. "Leadership". Retrieved8 October 2019.
  4. http://www.militaryvetshop.com/History/18thABCorps.html
  5. http://www.vii-corps.org/WWII/WWII.htm[permanent dead link]
  6. https://www.ww2-airborne.us/18corps/18_overview.html
  7. https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/xviii-corps.htm
  8. Olinger, Mark A. (May–June 2005). "Airlift Operations During the Lebanon Crisis". Army Logistician. 37 (3): 30. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved28 March 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. Army - The Magazine of Landpower - October 1989 (1989). "Command and Staff". Association of the US Army. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  11. "18th Financial Management Support Center Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  12. "1st Battalion, 2nd Air Defense Artillery Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  13. "Field Artillery - February 1990". US Army Field Artillery School. 1990. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  14. "Field Artillery - February 1987". US Army Field Artillery School. 1987. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  15. "Field Artillery - December 1989". US Army Field Artillery School. 1988. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  16. McKenney, Janice E. "Field Artillery - Army Lineage Series - Part 2"(PDF). US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  17. "3rd Battalion, 27th Field Artillery Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  18. "About 18th FA BDE". US Army. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  19. McKenney, Janice E. "Field Artillery - Army Lineage Series - Part 2"(PDF). US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  20. "1st Battalion, 58th Aviation Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  21. Organ, David (15 December 2009). "The Logistics of the 101st Airborne Division in the First Gulf War". Retrieved17 June 2020.
  22. "2nd Battalion, 159th Aviation Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  23. "3rd Battalion, 159th Aviation Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  24. "Fielding of the Apache". United States Army Aviation Digest - January 1988. 1988. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  25. "20th Engineer Brigade Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  26. "20th Engineer Brigade History". 20th Engineer Brigade Staff. Archived from the original on 3 January 2008. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  27. "27th Engineer Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  28. "37th Engineer Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  29. "175th Engineer Company Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  30. "264th Engineer Company Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  31. "362nd Engineer Company Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  32. "503rd Military Police Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  33. "35th Signal Brigade - Unit History". Army Communicator - Voice of the Signal Corps - Fall 1987. 1987. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  34. Raines, Rebecca Robbins. "Signal Corps"(PDF). US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  35. "25th Signal Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  36. "50th Signal Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  37. "327th Signal Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  38. "224th Military Intelligence Battalion". US Army. Retrieved27 June 2020.
  39. "224th Military Intelligence Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  40. "319th Military Intelligence Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  41. "519th Military Intelligence Battalion Lineage". US Army Center of Military History. Retrieved26 June 2020.
  42. Dinackus 2000, pp. 4–24.
  43. Dinackus 2000, pp. 15–17.
  44. "XVIII ABC participates in UFL". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved20 April 2007.
  45. "DA announces next OIF rotation". Archived from the original on 6 June 2008. Retrieved19 April 2007.
  46. "'We're a significant presence:' General updates Fort Bragg troops on Islamic State fight". military.com. 21 December 2016. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016.
  47. https://www.fayobserver.com/news/20180529/canadian-general-ending-two-year-tour-at-fort-bragg
  48. XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS, U.S. ARMY FORT BRAGG, home.army.mil, last accessed 31 December 2020
  49. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-national-defence/news/2021/08/wayne-eyre-promoted-from-the-rank-of-lieutenant-general-to-general-continues-to-act-as-chief-of-the-defence-staff.html
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XVIII Airborne Corps
XVIII Airborne Corps Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from XVIII Airborne Corps United States This article includes a list of general references but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations May 2010 Learn how and when to remove this template message The XVIII Airborne Corps is a corps of the United States Army that has been in existence since 1942 and saw extensive service during World War II The corps is designed for rapid deployment anywhere in the world and is referred to as America s Contingency Corps Its headquarters are at Fort Bragg North Carolina 2 II Armored Corps XVIII Corps XVIII Airborne CorpsXVIII Army Airborne Corps shoulder sleeve insigniaActive1942 1945 1951 presentCountry United StatesBranch United States ArmyTypeCorpsPart ofU S Army Forces CommandGarrison HQFort Bragg North Carolina U S Motto s Sky DragonsColor of Beret MaroonEngagementsWorld War II Battle of the Bulge Western Allied invasion of Germany Persian Gulf War Global War on Terrorism War in Afghanistan Iraq War Operation Inherent ResolveWebsitehttps www army mil xviiicorpsCommandersCurrent commanderLTG Michael Erik Kurilla 1 Notable commandersMatthew Ridgway John W Leonard James J Lindsay Thomas J H Trapnell William C Westmoreland Henry E Emerson Hugh SheltonInsigniaCombat service identification badgeDistinctive unit insigniaFlagBeret flashBackground trimming U S Corps 1939 present Previous NextXVI Corps United States XIX Corps United States Contents 1 Leadership 2 History 2 1 World War II 2 1 1 World War II units 2 2 Cold War 2 2 1 Structure in 1989 2 3 Desert Storm 2 3 1 Major formations 1950 2006 2 4 21st century 3 Current structure 3 1 Operations 3 2 Notable members 4 References 5 External linksLeadership EditIts command group includes Commanding General Lieutenant General Michael E Kurilla 3 Deputy Commanding General Major General Brian J Mennes Deputy Commanding General Operations Brigadier General Robert Bob T Richie Canadian Army 3 Chief of Staff Colonel John P Cogbill Command Sergeant Major Command Sergeant Major TJ Holland 3 History EditWorld War II Edit II Armored Corps XVIII Corps XVIII Airborne Corps The corps was first activated on 17 January 1942 five weeks after the entry of the United States into World War II as the II Armored Corps at Camp Polk Louisiana under the command of Major General William Henry Harrison Morris Jr When the concept of armored corps proved unnecessary II Armored Corps was re designated as XVIII Corps on 9 October 1943 at the Presidio of Monterey California 4 XVIII Corps deployed to Europe on 17 August 1944 and became the XVIII Airborne Corps on 25 August 1944 at Ogbourne St George England assuming command of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions as part of the preparation for Operation Market Garden Prior to this time the two divisions were assigned to VII Corps and jumped into Normandy during Operation Overlord the Allied invasion of Normandy as part of VII Corps 5 Major General Matthew Bunker Ridgway a highly professional competent and experienced airborne commander who had led the 82nd Airborne Division in Sicily Italy and Normandy was chosen to command the corps which then consisted of the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions and was part of the newly created First Allied Airborne Army The corps headquarters did not see service in Operation Market Garden with the British I Airborne Corps being chosen instead to exercise operational command of all Allied airborne forces in the operation including the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions Following the Battle of the Bulge in which the corps played a significant part and which during the early stages of the battle the corps was commanded by Major General James M Gavin of the 82nd Airborne all American airborne units on the Western Front fell under command of the corps XVIII Airborne Corps planned and executed Operation Varsity the airborne component of Operation Plunder the crossing of the River Rhine into Germany It was one of the largest airborne operations of the war with the British 6th and U S 17th Airborne Divisions under command After taking part in the Western Allied invasion of Germany the XVIII Airborne Corps still under Ridgway returned to the United States in June 1945 and was initially to take part in the invasion of Japan codenamed Operation Downfall However the Japanese surrendered just weeks later and XVIII Airborne Corps was inactivated on 15 October 1945 at Fort Campbell Kentucky 6 World War II units Edit 1st Infantry Division 26 January 1945 12 February 1945 4th Infantry Division 8th Infantry Division 26 January 1945 10 July 1945 17th Airborne Division 12 August 1944 1 January 1945 15 February 1945 24 March 1945 29th Infantry Division 30th Infantry Division 21 December 1944 3 February 1945 34th Infantry Division 75th Infantry Division 29 December 1944 2 January 1945 7 January 1945 78th Infantry Division 3 February 1945 12 February 1945 82nd Airborne Division 12 August 1944 17 September 1944 19 December 1944 14 February 1945 30 April 1945 3 January 1946 84th Infantry Division 20 December 1944 21 December 1944 86th Infantry Division 5 April 1945 22 April 1945 89th Infantry Division 97th Infantry Division 10 April 1945 22 April 1945 101st Airborne Division 12 August 1944 21 September 1944 28 February 1945 1 April 1945 106th Infantry Division 20 December 1944 6 February 1945 3rd Armored Division 19 December 1944 23 December 1944 5th Armored Division 4 May 1945 10 October 1945 7th Armored Division 20 December 1944 29 January 1945 30 April 1945 9 October 1945 13th Armored Division 10 April 1945 22 April 1945 Cold War Edit The Corps was reactivated at Fort Bragg on 21 May 1951 under the command of Major General John W Leonard Since then the corps has been the primary strategic response force with subordinate units participating in over a dozen major operations listed below in both combat and humanitarian roles primarily in Central America and the CENTCOM area of responsibility 7 In 1958 the XVIII Airborne Corps was given the additional mission of becoming the Strategic Army Corps The corps was now tasked in addition to provide a flexible strike capability that could deploy worldwide on short notice without a declaration of an emergency The 4th Infantry Division at Fort Lewis Washington and the 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell Kentucky were designated as STRAC s first line divisions while the 1st Infantry Division at Fort Riley Kansas and the 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg were to provide backup in the event of general war The 5th Logistical Command later inactivated also at Fort Bragg would provide the corps with logistics support while Fort Bragg s XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery would control artillery units 8 The Corps deployed forces to the United States occupation of the Dominican Republic Operation Power Pack in 1965 The Corps deployed forces to the Vietnam War including the entire 101st Airborne Division and the 3rd Brigade of the 82nd Airborne division In 1967 elements of the Corps were deployed to Detroit to suppress riots and also to The Congo to support the government there and to rescue civilian hostages as part of Operation Dragon Rouge In 1982 the Corps first rotated elements to the Sinai Peninsula as part of the Multinational Force and Observers UN to guarantee the Camp David Peace Accords 9 In 1983 elements of the Corps were deployed to the island of Grenada as part of Operation Urgent Fury with the stated goal of reestablishing the democratically elected government In 1989 XVIII Airborne Corps commanded by then LTG Carl Stiner participated in the invasion of Panama in Operation Just Cause Stiner served concurrently as Commander of Joint Task Force South Structure in 1989 Edit NATO SymbolXVIII US At the end of the Cold War in 1989 the corps consisted of the following formations and units XVIII Airborne Corps Fort Bragg North Carolina 10 Headquarters amp Headquarters Company 18th Personnel Group 18th Finance Group 11 1st Battalion 2nd Air Defense Artillery Fort Stewart 12 10th Mountain Division Light Fort Drum New York 10 24th Infantry Division Mechanized Fort Stewart Georgia 10 82nd Airborne Division Fort Bragg North Carolina 10 101st Airborne Division Air Assault Fort Campbell Kentucky 10 XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery Fort Bragg 18th Field Artillery Brigade Airborne Fort Bragg 10 13 14 15 16 Headquarters amp Headquarters Battery 3rd Battalion 8th Field Artillery 24 M198 155mm towed howitzer 14 15 13 16 5th Battalion 8th Field Artillery 24 M198 155mm towed howitzer 14 15 13 16 3rd Battalion 27th Field Artillery 27 M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System 14 15 13 16 17 18 1st Battalion 39th Field Artillery Airborne 24 M198 155mm towed howitzer 14 15 13 19 1st Field Artillery Detachment Target Acquisition 18 18th Aviation Brigade Airborne Fort Bragg Headquarters amp Headquarters Company 1st Battalion 58th Aviation Air Traffic Control 20 1st Battalion 159th Aviation General Support 2nd Battalion 159th Aviation Medium Lift 21 22 3rd Battalion 159th Aviation Attack 23 2nd Battalion 229th Aviation Attack former 2nd Battalion 101st Aviation 24 20th Engineer Brigade Airborne Fort Bragg 10 25 26 27th Engineer Battalion Airborne 26 27 30th Engineer Battalion Topographic 26 37th Engineer Battalion Airborne 26 28 175th Engineer Company 29 264th Engineer Company Bridge 30 362nd Engineer Company 31 16th Military Police Brigade Airborne Fort Bragg 503rd Military Police Battalion Airborne 32 35th Signal Brigade Airborne Fort Bragg 10 33 34 25th Signal Battalion Corps Area 34 33 35 50th Signal Battalion Corps Command Operations Airborne 34 33 36 327th Signal Battalion Corps Radio 34 33 37 426th Signal Battalion Corps Area 34 33 525th Military Intelligence Brigade Airborne Fort Bragg 224th Military Intelligence Battalion Aerial Exploitation Hunter Army Airfield Georgia 38 39 319th Military Intelligence Battalion Operations 40 519th Military Intelligence Battalion Tactical Exploitation Airborne 41 1st Corps Support Command Airborne Fort Bragg 10 subordination formations and unitsDesert Storm Edit In 1991 XVIII Airborne Corps participated in the Persian Gulf War The corps was responsible for securing VII Corps northern flank against a possible Iraqi counterattack Along with the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions 24th Infantry Division and 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment XVIII Airborne Corps also gained operational control of the French 6th Light Armor Division LAD which also included units from the French Foreign Legion During Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery consisted of the 3d Battalion 8th Field Artillery 5th Battalion 8th Field Artillery and the 1st Battalion Airborne 39th Field Artillery The living quarters for these three units were situated between the 82d Airborne Division and the Special Forces at Fort Bragg Of the three units only 1 39th was airborne qualified and served as the only fully airborne deployable 155 mm Field Artillery unit in history citation needed The 1 39th FA and 3 8th FA were key components of the thrust into Iraq in the first Gulf War providing fire support for the French Foreign Legion and the 82nd Airborne Division The 5th Battalion 8th Field Artillery also served in a major support role for 82d and French troops during the Gulf War It consisted of three individual batteries Batteries A and B were Airborne qualified while Battery C was air assault Batteries A and B were assigned to Fort Bragg North Carolina and Battery C was assigned to Fort Campbell Kentucky All of the battalions were subsequently re flagged during the years following the Gulf War Task Force 118 had flown the OH 58D Kiowa Warrior off naval vessels during Operation Prime Chance in the 1980s operating against Iran in the Persian Gulf It was redesignated the 4th Squadron 17th Cavalry on 15 January 1991 42 During the Gulf War of 1991 it was part of the 18th Aviation Brigade Major formations 1950 2006 Edit The 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions have served with the corps since the 1950s The 24th Infantry Division Mechanized was reflagged as the 3rd Infantry Division Mechanized in April 1996 43 7th Infantry Division Light 10th Mountain Division Light Infantry XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery 18th Field Artillery Brigade 1st Sustainment Command Theater 35th Signal Brigade 18th Aviation Brigade no longer active 20th Engineer Brigade 525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade 16th Military Police Brigade 44th Medical Command additional smaller National Guard and Reserve units21st century Edit Main article Transformation of the United States Army The XVIII Airborne Corps command group led by LTG later GEN Lloyd J Austin returns home from Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2009 The Corps headquarters was deployed to Afghanistan from May 2002 2003 and became Combined Joint Task Force 180 for the deployment XVIII Airborne Corps was deployed from January 2005 to January 2006 to Baghdad Iraq where it served as the Multi National Corps Iraq Following its return XVIII Airborne Corps and its subordinate units began the process of modernization and reorganization Under the previous Army Chief of Staff s future restructure of the Army the corps headquarters of the XVIII Airborne Corps will lose its airborne specifically parachute certification as a cost cutting measure the same will occur to the divisional headquarters of the 82nd Airborne Division This plan is designed to follow the U S Army s restructuring plan to go from being division based to brigade based This will mean that the largest units that will be airborne specifically parachute certified will be at the brigade level Even so for traditional and historical reasons the formation will continue to be called the XVIII Airborne Corps The divisions that fall under the XVIII Airborne Corps as well as the other two corps in the Army are in a period of transition shifting from corps control to fall directly under FORSCOM eliminating the corps status as a middle man This ties in with the Army s broad modularity plan as a corps can deploy and support any unit not just the units subordinate to the corps The 3d Infantry Division the 10th Mountain Division Light Infantry and the 101st Airborne Division Air Assault have already changed over to direct FORSCOM control The 82nd Airborne Division will transfer after the division returns from Afghanistan In August 2006 XVIII Airborne Corps traveled to South Korea to participate in Ulchi Focus Lens a joint training exercise between the Republic of Korea Army and coalition forces stationed there 44 In mid April 2007 the Department of the Army confirmed the next OIF deployment schedule with XVIII Airborne Corps deploying to relieve III Corps as the MNC I at Camp Victory Baghdad Iraq XVIII Airborne Corps is scheduled to replace III Corps in November 2007 The corps will deploy along with 1st Armored Division and 4th Infantry Division as well as 1st Brigade Combat Team 10th Mountain Division and 1st BCT 82nd Airborne Division 45 On 21 December 2016 Stars and Stripes reported that in August the XVIII Airborne Corps deployed to Iraq for Operation Inherent Resolve in December this included the XVIII Airborne Corps headquarters and the 1st Special Forces Command which is deployed as the Special Operations Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve The 18th Field Artillery Brigade deployed into Iraq with High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems 46 A Canadian Army General has served with the XVIII Corps since 2007 47 Current structure Edit XVIII Corps organization 2021 click to enlarge XVIII Airborne Corps Fort Bragg 48 3rd Infantry Division Fort Stewart 10th Mountain Division Fort Drum 82nd Airborne Division Fort Bragg 101st Airborne Division Fort Campbell 3rd Sustainment Command Expeditionary Fort Bragg 7th Transportation Brigade Fort Eustis 16th Military Police Brigade Fort Bragg 83rd Civil Affairs Battalion Fort Bragg Administratively assigned operationally controlled by XVIII Airborne Corps 18th Field Artillery Brigade Fort Bragg 20th Engineer Brigade Fort Bragg 35th Signal Brigade Fort Gordon 44th Medical Brigade Fort Bragg 525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade Fort Bragg Other supporting units 52nd Ordnance Group EOD Fort Campbell and Fort Bragg part of 20th CBRNE Command 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade Fort Bragg part of 32nd Army Air amp Missile Defense Command 18th Air Support Operations Group Pope Field United States Air Force unit responsible for coordinating corps tactical air support Operations Edit The corps has participated in a number of operations since then Operation Power Pack Dominican Republic 1965 Operation Urgent Fury Grenada 1983 Operation Golden Pheasant Honduras 1988 Operation Nimrod Dancer Panama 1989 Operation Hawkeye U S Virgin Islands 1989 Operation Just Cause Panama 1989 Operation Desert Shield Saudi Arabia 1990 1991 Operation Desert Storm Saudi Arabia Kuwait and Iraq 1991 Operation GTMO Cuba 1991 Operation Hurricane Andrew Florida 1992 Operation Restore Hope Somalia 1992 Operation Uphold Maintain Democracy Haiti 1994 Operation Vigilant Warrior Kuwait 1994 Operation Joint Forge Bosnia 1998 Operation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan 2002 2014 Operation Iraqi Freedom Iraq 2005 Operation Iraqi Freedom Iraq 2008 Operation Unified Response Haiti 2010 Operation New Dawn Iraq 2011 Operation Inherent Resolve Iraq and Syria 2015 2016Notable members Edit John D Altenburg MG Deputy Judge Advocate General of the U S Army Ralph Eaton BG 82nd Airborne Division and XVIII Airborne Corps Chief of Staff Michael C Flowers BG Commander Joint POW MIA Accounting Command Michael T Flynn LTG 25th National Security Advisor Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency and ISAF Commander Charles D Gemar LTC US Astronaut Teresa King SGM First female Commandant of the U S Army Drill Sergeant Academy Gary Luck GEN Corps commander and later CG USFK Stanley A McChrystal GEN ISAF Commander Raymond T Odierno GEN 38th Army Chief of Staff James Peake LTG Secretary of Veterans Affairs David Petraeus GEN ISAF Commander and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency Matthew Ridgway GEN U S Army Chief of Staff David M Rodriguez GEN Commander U S Africa Command and FORSCOM Arthur D Simons COL Led the Son Tay raid during the Vietnam War Thomas Tackaberry LTG Veteran of World War II Korea and Vietnam Michael Tomczyk CPT Computer entrepreneur and joint developer of the Commodore VIC 20 Thomas R Turner II LTG Commanding General of United States Army North James C Yarbrough BG Commander Joint Readiness Training Center at Fort Polk Wayne Eyre GEN Commander of the Canadian Army and Chief of Defence Staff acting 49 References Edit Manternach Adam 7 October 2019 XVIII Airborne Corps hosts change of command welcomes familiar Fort Bragg leader to the helm Retrieved 25 October 2019 https home army mil bragg index php units tenants xviii airborne co a b c Leadership Retrieved 8 October 2019 http www militaryvetshop com History 18thABCorps html http www vii corps org WWII WWII htm permanent dead link https www ww2 airborne us 18corps 18 overview html https www globalsecurity org military agency army xviii corps htm Olinger Mark A May June 2005 Airlift Operations During the Lebanon Crisis Army Logistician 37 3 30 Archived from the original on 3 March 2012 Archived copy Archived from the original on 16 March 2016 Retrieved 28 March 2016 CS1 maint archived copy as title link a b c d e f g h i Army The Magazine of Landpower October 1989 1989 Command and Staff Association of the US Army Retrieved 26 June 2020 18th Financial Management Support Center Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 27 June 2020 1st Battalion 2nd Air Defense Artillery Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 27 June 2020 a b c d e Field Artillery February 1990 US Army Field Artillery School 1990 Retrieved 27 June 2020 a b c d e Field Artillery February 1987 US Army Field Artillery School 1987 Retrieved 27 June 2020 a b c d e Field Artillery December 1989 US Army Field Artillery School 1988 Retrieved 27 June 2020 a b c d McKenney Janice E Field Artillery Army Lineage Series Part 2 PDF US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 27 June 2020 3rd Battalion 27th Field Artillery Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 a b About 18th FA BDE US Army Retrieved 27 June 2020 McKenney Janice E Field Artillery Army Lineage Series Part 2 PDF US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 27 June 2020 1st Battalion 58th Aviation Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 Organ David 15 December 2009 The Logistics of the 101st Airborne Division in the First Gulf War Retrieved 17 June 2020 2nd Battalion 159th Aviation Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 3rd Battalion 159th Aviation Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 Fielding of the Apache United States Army Aviation Digest January 1988 1988 Retrieved 27 June 2020 20th Engineer Brigade Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 a b c d 20th Engineer Brigade History 20th Engineer Brigade Staff Archived from the original on 3 January 2008 Retrieved 27 June 2020 27th Engineer Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 37th Engineer Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 175th Engineer Company Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 264th Engineer Company Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 362nd Engineer Company Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 503rd Military Police Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 27 June 2020 a b c d e 35th Signal Brigade Unit History Army Communicator Voice of the Signal Corps Fall 1987 1987 Retrieved 27 June 2020 a b c d e Raines Rebecca Robbins Signal Corps PDF US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 27 June 2020 25th Signal Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 50th Signal Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 327th Signal Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 224th Military Intelligence Battalion US Army Retrieved 27 June 2020 224th Military Intelligence Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 319th Military Intelligence Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 519th Military Intelligence Battalion Lineage US Army Center of Military History Retrieved 26 June 2020 Dinackus 2000 pp 4 24 Dinackus 2000 pp 15 17 XVIII ABC participates in UFL Archived from the original on 28 September 2007 Retrieved 20 April 2007 DA announces next OIF rotation Archived from the original on 6 June 2008 Retrieved 19 April 2007 We re a significant presence General updates Fort Bragg troops on Islamic State fight military com 21 December 2016 Archived from the original on 28 December 2016 https www fayobserver com news 20180529 canadian general ending two year tour at fort bragg XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS U S ARMY FORT BRAGG home army mil last accessed 31 December 2020 https www canada ca en department national defence news 2021 08 wayne eyre promoted from the rank of lieutenant general to general continues to act as chief of the defence staff html Dinackus Thomas D 2000 Order of Battle Allied Ground Forces of Operation Desert Storm Central Point Oregon Hellgate Press ISBN 1 55571 493 5 External links EditXVIII Airborne Corpsat Wikipedia s sister projects Media from Wikimedia Commons Data from Wikidata Official website XVIII Airborne Corps Home Page permanent dead link Global Security XVIII Airborne Corps XVIII Airborne Corps Desert Storm Desert Shield 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