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XXIV Corps (United States)

For the American Civil War corps, see XXIV Corps (ACW).
Not to be confused with XXIV Corps (Union Army).

XXIV Corps (24th Corps) was a U.S. Army Corps-level command during World War II and the Vietnam War.

XXIV Corps
Shoulder sleeve insignia of XXIV Corps
Active1944–49
1968–72
CountryUnited States
BranchUnited States Army
SizeCorps
Motto(s)Honed in Combat
EngagementsWorld War II Vietnam War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
John R. Hodge
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia
U.S. Corps (1939–present)
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XXII Corps (United States) XXXIII Corps (United States)

Contents

World War II

XXIV Corps was activated at Fort Shafter, Hawaii, on 8 April 1944. It participated in the invasion of Leyte in the Philippine Islands on 20 October 1944, with the 7th Infantry Division and 96th Infantry Division its major combat units. During the campaign on Leyte and aided by Filipino regular and constable force of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary military units, the 77th Infantry Division came under control of XXIV Corps.

From 1 April to 30 June 1945, XXIV Corps and its divisions participated in the invasion of Okinawa. In September 1945, after the surrender of Japan, XXIV Corps moved to Korea, where it remained on occupation duty until its inactivation on 25 January 1949.

Vietnam

XXIV Corps was created on 15 August 1968 to replace the "Provisional Corps Vietnam," a temporary headquarters (known as MACV Forward Command Post or MACV Forward between 25 January and 10 March) created 10 March 1968 during the Tet Offensive. Upon its formation, XXIV Corps was placed under the operational control of the III Marine Amphibious Force to control the activities of U.S. Army ground combat units deployed in northern South Vietnam and had its headquarters at Phu Bai until 9 March 1970, when it relocated to Camp Horn, Da Nang. At that time it assumed control of all U.S. ground forces in I CTZ, with all remaining Marine units coming under its operational control until their withdrawal. During its service in Vietnam XXIV Corps was a component command of Headquarters, US Army Vietnam (USARV).

Area of responsibility and units assigned

XXIV Corps' area of responsibility was I Corps Tactical Zone ("Eye Corps"), later renamed Military Region 1, which comprised the five northernmost provinces of the South Vietnam. At various times it controlled the following units:

Inactivation

XXIV Corps was inactivated on 30 June 1972 in the final stages the withdrawal of U.S. ground combat forces from Vietnam, and its assets formed the basis for its successor, the First Regional Assistance Command (FRAC).

Deputy commanders

Chiefs of Staff

Artillery commanders

Chief Engineer

  1. Wilson, John B. (1999) Army Lineage Series: Armies, Corps, Divisions, and Separate Brigades Center of Military History, pp 106-107.
  2. Pearson, William. Vietnam Studies: The War in the Northern Provinces. Washington, DC: Department of the Army, 1975. pp 67-70.
  • Pearson, William (1975). Vietnam Studies: The War in the Northern Provinces. Department of the Army.
  • Stanton, Shelby, Vietnam Order of Battle, ISBN 978-0-89193-700-5

XXIV Corps (United States)
XXIV Corps United States Language Watch Edit For the American Civil War corps see XXIV Corps ACW Not to be confused with XXIV Corps Union Army XXIV Corps 24th Corps was a U S Army Corps level command during World War II and the Vietnam War XXIV CorpsShoulder sleeve insignia of XXIV CorpsActive1944 49 1968 72Country United StatesBranch United States ArmySizeCorpsMotto s Honed in CombatEngagementsWorld War II Battle of Leyte Battle of OkinawaVietnam WarCommandersNotable commandersJohn R HodgeInsigniaDistinctive unit insignia U S Corps 1939 present Previous NextXXII Corps United States XXXIII Corps United States Contents 1 History 1 1 World War II 1 2 Vietnam 1 2 1 Area of responsibility and units assigned 1 3 Inactivation 2 Commanders 2 1 Deputy commanders 2 2 Chiefs of Staff 2 3 Artillery commanders 2 4 Chief Engineer 3 Notes 4 ReferencesHistory EditWorld War II Edit XXIV Corps was activated at Fort Shafter Hawaii on 8 April 1944 It participated in the invasion of Leyte in the Philippine Islands on 20 October 1944 with the 7th Infantry Division and 96th Infantry Division its major combat units During the campaign on Leyte and aided by Filipino regular and constable force of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary military units the 77th Infantry Division came under control of XXIV Corps From 1 April to 30 June 1945 XXIV Corps and its divisions participated in the invasion of Okinawa In September 1945 after the surrender of Japan XXIV Corps moved to Korea where it remained on occupation duty until its inactivation on 25 January 1949 1 Vietnam Edit XXIV Corps was created on 15 August 1968 to replace the Provisional Corps Vietnam a temporary headquarters known as MACV Forward Command Post or MACV Forward between 25 January and 10 March created 10 March 1968 during the Tet Offensive 2 Upon its formation XXIV Corps was placed under the operational control of the III Marine Amphibious Force to control the activities of U S Army ground combat units deployed in northern South Vietnam and had its headquarters at Phu Bai until 9 March 1970 when it relocated to Camp Horn Da Nang At that time it assumed control of all U S ground forces in I CTZ with all remaining Marine units coming under its operational control until their withdrawal During its service in Vietnam XXIV Corps was a component command of Headquarters US Army Vietnam USARV Area of responsibility and units assigned Edit XXIV Corps area of responsibility was I Corps Tactical Zone Eye Corps later renamed Military Region 1 which comprised the five northernmost provinces of the South Vietnam At various times it controlled the following units 1st Cavalry Division Airmobile 23rd Infantry Division Americal 101st Airborne Division Airmobile 1st Brigade 5th Infantry Division Mechanized 3rd Brigade 82nd Airborne Division 173rd Airborne Brigade 196th Infantry Brigade Light 108th Artillery Group III Marine Expeditionary Force 3rd Marine Amphibious Brigade Task Force Clearwater U S Navy Inactivation Edit XXIV Corps was inactivated on 30 June 1972 in the final stages the withdrawal of U S ground combat forces from Vietnam and its assets formed the basis for its successor the First Regional Assistance Command FRAC Commanders EditMajor General John R Hodge 9 April 1944 15 August 1948 Major General John B Coulter 1948 9 Lt General Richard Stilwell 1968 9 Maj General Melvin Zais 1969 70 Lt General James W Sutherland 1970 1 Lt Gen Welborn G Dolvin 1971 2 Deputy commanders Edit Major General Raymond G Davis March 1968 May 1968 Major General Clifford B Drake May 1968 June 1969 Major General Edwin B Wheeler June 1969 April 1970 Major General George S Bowman Jr April 1970 August 1970 Chiefs of Staff Edit Brigadier General Crump Garvin 1944 46 Brigadier General Oliver B Patton 1968 71 Artillery commanders Edit Brigadier General Arthur M Harper 1944 44 Brigadier General Josef R Sheetz 1944 45 Chief Engineer Edit Brigadier General Frederic B Butler 1947 Notes Edit Wilson John B 1999 Army Lineage Series Armies Corps Divisions and Separate Brigades Center of Military History pp 106 107 Pearson William Vietnam Studies The War in the Northern Provinces Washington DC Department of the Army 1975 pp 67 70 References EditPearson William 1975 Vietnam Studies The War in the Northern Provinces Department of the Army Stanton Shelby Vietnam Order of Battle ISBN 978 0 89193 700 5 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title XXIV Corps United States amp oldid 1046096516, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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