fbpx
Wikipedia

X Prize Foundation

XPRIZE is a non-profit organization that designs and hosts public competitions intended to encourage technological development to benefit humanity. Their board of trustees include James Cameron, Larry Page, Arianna Huffington, and Ratan Tata among others.

XPRIZE
Founded1994; 27 years ago (1994)
FounderPeter Diamandis
FocusPublic competitions
Location
Area served
Exploration, Environment, Equity
MethodRevolution through competition
Key people
Peter Diamandis (Exec. Chairman)
Robert K. Weiss (Vice Chairman)
Anousheh Ansari (CEO)
Websitewww.xprize.org

The XPRIZE mission is to bring about "radical breakthroughs for the benefit of humanity" through incentivized competition. It fosters high-profile competitions to motivate individuals, companies and organizations across all disciplines to develop innovative ideas and technologies that help solve the world's grand challenges.

The Ansari X Prize relating to spacecraft development was awarded in 2004, intended to inspire research and development into technology for space exploration.

Contents

SpaceShipOne Takeoff
The first, titled the Ansari XPRIZE, was presented on November 6, 2004.

The first XPRIZE – the Ansari XPRIZE – was inspired by the Orteig Prize, a $25,000 prize offered in 1919 by French hotelier Raymond Orteig for the first nonstop flight between New York City and Paris. In 1927, underdog Charles Lindbergh won the prize in a modified single-engine Ryan aircraft called the Spirit of St. Louis. In total, nine teams spent $400,000 in pursuit of the Orteig Prize.

In 1996, entrepreneur Peter Diamandis offered a $10-million prize to the first privately financed team that could build and fly a three-passenger vehicle 100 kilometers into space twice within two weeks. The contest, later titled the Ansari XPRIZE for Suborbital Spaceflight, motivated 26 teams from seven nations to invest more than $100 million in pursuit of the $10 million purse. On October 4, 2004, the Ansari XPRIZE was won by Mojave Aerospace Ventures, who successfully completed the contest in their spacecraft SpaceShipOne. The prize was awarded in a ceremony at the Saint Louis Science Center in St. Louis, Missouri. As of 2011, the Science Center maintains numerous exhibits about the XPRIZE.

The foundation has also created the XPRIZE Cup rocket challenge competition.

XPRIZES are monetary rewards to incentivize three primary goals:

  • Attract investment from outside the sector that take new approaches to difficult problems.
  • Create significant results that are real and meaningful. Competitions have measurable goals, and are created to promote adoption of the innovation.
  • Cross national and disciplinary boundaries to encourage teams around the world to invest the intellectual and financial capital required to solve difficult challenges.

Other organizations such as the Nobel Prize committee award prizes and financial rewards to individuals or organizations that produce novel advances in science, medicine and technology. One difference between the XPRIZES and other similar organizations is awarding prizes based on the first to achieve objective 'finish line' requirements rather than a selection committee discussing the relative merits of different endeavors. For instance, the Archon Genomics XPRIZE target was to sequence 100 human genomes in 10 days or less, with less than one error per 100,000 DNA base pairs, covering 98% of the genome and costing less than $10,000 per genome (this prize was cancelled because it was outpaced by innovation).

The prize can increase attention to endeavors that otherwise might not receive much publicity. For example, attempts in the recent Lunar Lander competition have been well publicized in the media, increasing visibility of both the foundation and the participants.

With the Ansari XPRIZE, XPRIZE established a model in which offering a prize for achieving a specific goal can stimulate entrepreneurial investment. Since then, new challenges have expanded into a range of other fields. XPRIZE is developing new prizes in Exploration (Space and Oceans), Life Sciences, Energy & Environment, Education and Global Development. Some hope the prizes will help improve lives, create equity of opportunity and stimulate new, important discoveries.

As of January 2018, there are seven completed contests, eight active contests and one contest that has been canceled.

Past contests

1996–2004 Ansari XPRIZE for Suborbital Spaceflight

Main article: Ansari X Prize
Astronaut Mike Melvill after his award-winning September 29, 2004 spaceflight

The Ansari XPRIZE for Suborbital Spaceflight was the first prize from the foundation. It successfully challenged teams to build private spaceships capable of carrying three people and fly two times within two weeks to open the space frontier. The first part of the Ansari XPRIZE requirements was fulfilled by Mike Melvill on September 29, 2004, On SpaceShipOne, a spacecraft designed by Burt Rutan and financed by Paul Allen, co-founder and former CEO of Microsoft. On that ship, Melvill broke the 100-kilometer (62.5 mi) mark, internationally recognized as the boundary of outer space, winning the prize. Brian Binnie completed the second part of the requirements on October 4, 2004. As a result, US$10 million was awarded to the winner, but more than $100 million was invested in new technologies in pursuit of the prize. Sir Richard Branson, Jeff Bezos and others are reputed to be creating a personal spaceflight industry.

Awarding this first prize gave XPRIZE as much publicity as the winners themselves. After the 2004 success there was ample media coverage to afford both Scaled Composites and XPRIZE additional support for them to expand and continue to pursue their aims. Following this early success several other XPRIZES were announced that have yet to be awarded despite various attempts to meet the requirements.

The Ansari XPRIZE won the Space Foundation's Douglas S. Morrow Public Outreach Award in 2005. The award is given annually to an individual or organization that has made significant contributions to public awareness of space programs.

2007–2010 Progressive Insurance Automotive XPRIZE

Main article: Automotive X Prize

The goal of the Progressive Insurance Automotive XPRIZE was to design, build and race super-efficient vehicles that achieve 100 MPGe (2.35 liter/100 kilometer) efficiency, produce less than 200 grams/mile well-to-wheel CO2 equivalent emissions, and could be manufactured for the mass market.

The winners of the competition were announced on September 16, 2010.

  • Team Edison2 won the $5 million Mainstream competition with its four-passenger Very Light Car, obtaining 102.5 MPGe running on E85 fuel.
  • Team Li-Ion Motors won the $2.5 million Alternative Side-by-Side competition with their aerodynamic Wave-II electric vehicle achieving 187 MPGe.
  • Team X-Tracer Switzerland won the $2.5 million Alternative Tandem competition with their 205.3 MPGe faired electric motorcycle.

2010–2011 Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup XCHALLENGE

The Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup XCHALLENGE was introduced on July 29, 2010. The $1 million prize had a goal to inspire a new generation of innovative solutions that will speed the pace of cleaning up seawater surface oil resulting from spillage from ocean platforms, tankers, and other sources. The team of Elastec/American Marine won the challenge by developing a device that skims oil off water three times faster than previously existing technology.

2006–2009 Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander XCHALLENGE

The Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander XCHALLENGE (NGLLXPC) was a competition (co-hosted by NASA) to build precise, efficient small rocket systems. It was introduced in 2006 and the US$1 million top prize was awarded on November 5, 2009 to Masten Space Systems, led by David Masten; while Armadillo Aerospace, led by id Software founder John Carmack took home the second place prize of US$500,000, plus an additional $500,000 in 2008.

2012–2014 The Nokia Sensing XCHALLENGE

The Nokia Sensing XCHALLENGE goal is accelerating the use of sensors and sensing technology to tackle health care problems and find ways for people to monitor and maintain their personal well-being. It was composed of two distinct Challenges held in 2013 and 2014. It was announced in 2012 and 12 finalists announced in 2013. On November 11, 2014, the winner was named and prize purses totaling $2.25 million were awarded.

2013–2015 The Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE

The Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE is a $2 million competition to improve our understanding of ocean acidification. On July 20, 2015, the winners of the challenge were announced.

2011–2017 Qualcomm Tricorder XPRIZE

Main article: Tricorder X Prize

The Qualcomm Tricorder XPRIZE was announced on May 10, 2011, and is sponsored by Qualcomm Foundation. It was officially launched on January 10, 2012. The $10 million prize is awarded for creating a mobile device that can "diagnose patients better than or equal to a panel of board certified physicians". The name is taken from the tricorder device in Star Trek which can be used to instantly diagnose ailments. No team met all the requirements needed to win the full prize purse. Reduced prizes were made to the strongest performers (US$2.6 million for Final Frontier Medical Devices, US$1 million for Dynamical Biomarkers, and $100,0000 for Cloud DX, named "Bold Epic Innovator"). For the first time at any XPRIZE, the leftover funds from the main prize purse were diverted for consumer testing for commercialization ($3.8 million) and for adapting tricorders for use in hospitals in developing countries ($1.6 million).

2007–2018 Google Lunar XPRIZE

Main article: Google Lunar X Prize

The Google Lunar XPRIZE was introduced on September 13, 2007. The goal of the prize was similar to that of the Ansari XPRIZE, to inspire a new generation of private investment in space exploration and technology. The challenge called for teams to compete in successfully launching, landing, and operating a rover on the lunar surface. The prize was going to award $20 million to the first team to land a rover on the moon that successfully roved more than 500 meters and transmitted back high definition images and video. There was a $5 million second prize, as well as $5 million in potential bonus prizes for extra features such as roving long distances (greater than 5,000 meters) capturing images of man-made objects on the moon, or surviving a lunar night.

On January 23, 2018, the prize ended when no team was able to schedule, confirm and pay for a launch attempt. The XPRIZE Foundation announced that "no team would be able to make a launch attempt to reach the Moon by the 31 March 2018 deadline... and the US $30 million Google Lunar XPRIZE will go unclaimed."

2016-2018 Anu & Naveen Jain Women's Safety XPRIZE

The Anu & Naveen Jain Women's Safety XPRIZE was launched on October 24, 2016, and has a $1 million purse. The goal for competing teams is to develop a safety device for women that can autonomously and inconspicuously trigger an emergency alert while transmitting information to a network of community responders. On the 7th of June 2018 Leaf Wearables received the grand prize winner of the $1M.

2016–2018 Water Abundance XPRIZE

On October 20, 2018, the XPRIZE Foundation awarded The Water Abundance XPRIZE, which launched on October 24, 2016, with a purse of $1.75 million provided by the Tata Group and Australian Aid, to the Skysource/Skywater Alliance based in Venice, California, who received a grand prize of $1.5 million. An additional award of $150,000 went to the second place team, JMCC WING, based in South Point, Hawaii, to acknowledge the team's ingenuity in developing a unique technological approach. Over a 24-hour period, the Skysource/Skywater Alliance successfully extracted over 2,000 liters of water using only renewable energy, at a cost of US$0.02 per liter. The team, led by architect David Hertz, intends to use the award to productize the system to address water scarcity in the developing world.

2014-2019 The Global Learning XPRIZE

The Global Learning XPRIZE, launched in September 2014, is a $15-million prize to create mobile apps to improve reading, writing, and arithmetic in developing nations. Each application will be developed during an 18-month period and the top five teams will receive $1 million each, with each of the winning apps being made available under an open source license. The finalist of the group, that then develops an app producing the highest performance gains, will win an additional $10 million top prize. On the 15th of May 2019 the grand prize winners were announced; there was a tie between Kitkit School from South Korea and the United States, and onebillion from Kenya and the United Kingdom.

2015-2019 Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE

On December 14, 2015, XPRIZE Founder Peter Diamandis announced the launch of a new $7 million prize that will be a three-year global competition that challenges researchers to build better technologies for mapping Earth's seafloor. On the 31st May 2019 the grand prize winner, receiving a total of $4M, was GEBCO-NF Alumni, an international team based in the United States, while KUROSHIO, from Japan, claimed $1M as the runner-up. GEBCO-NF Alumni used the unmanned boat Maxlimer to autonomously map 278 square kilometres (107 sq mi) of seafloor.

2015-2019 Adult Literacy XPRIZE

Find solutions how to improve literacy proficiency of adults in reading within a 12-month period. The challenge was announced on June 8, 2015, and is awarded with $7 million by Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy and the Dollar General Literacy Foundation. The winners, Learning Upgrade and People ForWords, were announced 7 February 2019.

2020 Next-Gen Mask Challenge

The $1 million Next-Gen Mask Prize is open to only 16-24 year olds and was sponsored by Marc Benioff and Jim Cramer, the host of Mad Money on CNBC. On December 23, 2020, The Luminosity Lab was named the winning team with their anti-fog mask design, taking home $500,000.

2020-2021 Pandemic Response XPRIZE

This was a four-month challenge focused on the development of AI-driven systems to predict COVID-19 infection rates and to prescribe intervention plans. The $500,000 award was funded by Cognizant. The winners, VALENCIA IA4COVID19 from Spain and JSI vs COVID from Slovenia were announced on March 9, 2021.

Canceled contests

2006–2013 Archon Genomics XPRIZE

Main article: Archon X Prize

The Archon Genomics XPRIZE, the second XPRIZE to be offered by the foundation, was announced October 4, 2006. The goal of the Archon Genomics XPRIZE was to greatly reduce the cost and increase the speed of human genome sequencing to create a new era of personalized, predictive and preventive medicine, eventually transforming medical care from reactive to proactive. The $10 million prize purse was promised to the first team that can build a device and use it to sequence 100 human genomes within 10 days or less, with an accuracy of no more than one error in every 100,000 bases sequenced, with sequences accurately covering at least 98% of the genome, and at a recurring cost of no more than $1,000 per genome.

If more than one team attempted the competition at the same time, and more than one team fulfilled all the criteria, then teams would have been ranked according to the time of completion. No more than three teams would have been ranked and would have shared the purse in the following manner: $7.5 million to the winner and $2.5 million to the second place team if two teams were successful, or $7 million, $2 million and $1 million if three teams are successful.

Actual competition events were originally scheduled to take place twice a year with all eligible teams given the opportunity to make an attempt, starting at precisely the same time as the other teams. This was changed to a single competition scheduled for September 5, 2013 to October 1, 2013, which was canceled on August 22, 2013. The rationale for the change was articulated by the CEO: "Today, companies can do this for less than $5,000 per genome, in a few days or less – and are moving quickly towards the goals we set for the prize. For this reason, we have decided to cancel an XPRIZE for the first time ever." A public debate concerning the validity and potential implications of the cancellation was published March 27, 2014.

Active contests

2014 IBM Watson A.I. XPRIZE

The A.I. XPRIZE was announced as having an aim to use an artificial intelligence system to deliver a compelling TED talk. Diamandis hopes to contrast the benevolent value of AI against the dystopian point of view that sometimes enter AI conversations. The winning team of the contest, which is scheduled for 2020, will be determined by the audience.

2015 NRG Cosia Carbon XPRIZE

On September 29, 2015, Peter Diamandis, chairman and CEO of X Prize, announced the launch of a $20 million prize for a 4.5-year competition on testing technologies which converts CO2 into products with the highest net value to reduce carbon dioxide emissions of either a coal or a natural gas power plant. Round three began in April 2018 as the 27 semifinalists were cut down to ten finalists; each receiving an equal share of $5 million milestone prize money. Five teams will compete at a coal-fired power plant in Gillette, Wyoming and the remaining five teams will compete at a natural gas-fired power plant in Alberta, Canada. In February 2020 this operational round will conclude and winners will be announced the following month.

2018 ANA Avatar XPRIZE

The $10 million ANA Avatar XPRIZE is a four-year competition focused on accelerating the integration of emerging and exponential technologies into a multipurpose avatar system that will seamlessly transport human skills and experience to the exact location where and when they are needed.

2019 Rainforest XPRIZE

The 19th of November 2019 The $10 million Rainforest XPrize was announced. Registration opened in February 2020 and the first round will begin in September 2020.

2020 Rapid Covid Testing

XPRIZE Rapid Covid Testing is a $6 million, 6-month competition to develop faster, cheaper, and easier to use COVID-19 testing methods at scale.

2021 Gigaton Scale Carbon Removal

Funded by Elon Musk and the Musk Foundation, the $100 million carbon removal competition is the so far largest incentive prize in history. It is aimed "to inspire and help scale efficient solutions to collectively achieve the 10 gigaton per year carbon removal target by 2050, to help fight climate change and restore the Earth’s carbon balance".

The XPRIZE Foundation is governed by a board of directors that determine the annual roadmaps and act as stewards for the foundation. As of January 2018, the board of directors are:

Board of trustees

The XPRIZE Foundation has a board of trustees that provides insights on new technologies, grand challenges requiring significant innovation, and other areas that lend themselves to prize philanthropy. A sample of the trustees includes:

Wikimedia Commons has media related toX-Prize Foundation.
  1. "The XPRIZE Heritage | XPRIZE". Archived from the original on July 28, 2010. RetrievedJanuary 31, 2012.
  2. "X Prize-Our People, Anousheh Ansari, CEO". RetrievedMarch 11, 2019.
  3. Boyle, Alan (November 6, 2004). "Spaceship team gets its $10 million prize". NBC News.
  4. "Symposium Awards | National Space Symposium". February 3, 2009. Archived from the original on February 3, 2009. RetrievedJanuary 31, 2012.
  5. "Competition Guidelines, Version 1.2"(PDF). XPRIZE. January 13, 2009. Archived from the original(PDF) on August 1, 2009.
  6. "Three Teams Awarded Share of $10 Million Purse in Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE for Super Fuel-Efficient Vehicles". XPRIZE. Archived from the original on September 19, 2010. RetrievedSeptember 17, 2010.
  7. Boyle, Rebecca. "Winner of Million-Dollar X Challenge Cleans Up Oil Spills Three Times Better Than Existing Tech | Popular Science". Popsci.com. RetrievedJanuary 31, 2012.
  8. "Nokia Sensing XChallenge Media Mentions".
  9. Scott Jung. "Nokia and XPRIZE Announce Finalists of the Nokia Sensing XCHALLENGE". Medgadet.
  10. "XPrize names medical sensor challenge winners". Sandiegouniontribune.com.
  11. "Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE)". Oceanhealth.xprize.org. RetrievedOctober 16, 2018.
  12. "Montana team takes home both top rizes in $2 million Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE". Oceanhealth.xprize.org.
  13. "X PRIZE Foundation and Qualcomm Foundation Set to Revolutionize Healthcare with Launch of $10 Million Qualcomm Tricorder X PRIZE | X PRIZE Foundation". Xprize.org. January 10, 2012. Archived from the original on February 5, 2012. RetrievedJanuary 31, 2012.
  14. "The X PRIZE Foundation and Qualcomm Join Forces to Develop a Competition to Enhance Integrated Digital Health". XPRIZE. May 10, 2011. RetrievedMay 14, 2011.
  15. "Zehn Millionen Dollar für den "Star Trek"-Trikorder". Der Spiegel (in German). May 14, 2011.
  16. Foust, Jeff (January 23, 2018). "Google Lunar X Prize to end without winner". SpaceNews.
  17. "AN IMPORTANT UPDATE FROM GOOGLE LUNAR XPRIZE". XPRIZE Foundation. January 23, 2018.
  18. "With Two New Competitions, XPRIZE Tackles Water Scarcity and Women's Safety". XPRIZE.
  19. XPRIZE. "Anu & Naveen Jain Announce Leaf Wearables as the Grand Prize Winner in the $1m Women's Safety XPRIZE". adultliteracy.xprize.org. RetrievedFebruary 17, 2020.
  20. "GRAND PRIZE WINNER IN $1.75M WATER ABUNDANCE XPRIZE ANNOUNCED AT XPRIZE VISIONEERING 2018 Oct 22 2018". Creating Water From Thin Air. XPRIZE. RetrievedOctober 26, 2018.
  21. https://www.firstpost.com/tech/science/water-out-of-thin-air-california-duos-water-making-device-wins-1-5m-xprize-5463121.html
  22. https://www.apnews.com/88077278c6b04658952ad7a148219b73
  23. Dominic Basulto (September 22, 2014). "New $15 million Global Learning XPRIZE wants to disrupt education as we know it". The Washington Post.
  24. "$15M Global Learning XPRIZE Culminates With Two Grand Prize Winners". adultliteracy.xprize.org. RetrievedFebruary 17, 2020.
  25. "New X Prize Challenge: Map Ocean Floor". Livescience.com.
  26. "Winners Announced in $7M Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE for Advancements in Autonomous Ocean Exploration". adultliteracy.xprize.org. RetrievedFebruary 17, 2020.
  27. "GEBCO-NF Alumni robots win ocean-mapping XPRIZE". BBC News Online. May 31, 2019. RetrievedAugust 29, 2020.
  28. "Xprize and Barbara Bush foundation set sights on empowering 36 million U.S. adults through literacy". XPRIZE.
  29. "Prize announcement". XPRIZE. February 16, 2020.
  30. "XPRIZE CALLS UPON THE NEXT GENERATION OF INNOVATORS TO HELP FIGHT COVID-19 WITH MILLION DOLLAR NEXT-GEN MASK CHALLENGE". XPRIZE. RetrievedDecember 8, 2020.
  31. "ASU team wins international competition with anti-fog coronavirus mask design". KNXV. December 23, 2020. RetrievedApril 26, 2021.
  32. "Pandemic Response Challenge". XPRIZE. RetrievedMarch 23, 2021.
  33. "XPRIZE and Cognizant Announce Grand Prize Winners in Pandemic Response Challenge to Restart Economies Around the World". www.businesswire.com. March 9, 2021. RetrievedMarch 23, 2021.
  34. Peter Diamandis (August 22, 2013). "Outpaced by Innovation: Canceling an XPRIZE". Huffington Post.
  35. P Diamandis & G Church (March 27, 2014). "Cancellation of the Archon Genomics XPRIZE: A Public Debate". Archived from the original on April 21, 2014.
  36. Issie Lapowsky (February 17, 2016). "New $5 Million X Prize for AI That Gives the Best TED Talk". Wired.
  37. "New $20 million XPRIZE aims to tackle CO2 emissions from fossil fuels". XPRIZE.
  38. "Ten teams from five countries advance to finals of $20M NRG Cosia Carbon XPrize". carbon.xprize.org. XPrize. RetrievedApril 10, 2018.
  39. "Schedule". carbon.xprize.org. XPrize. RetrievedApril 10, 2018.
  40. Ioannou, Lori (March 12, 2018). "Fast-forwarding a robotic future: $10 million ANA Avatar XPRIZE is announced at SXSW". Cnbc.com. RetrievedOctober 16, 2018.
  41. XPRIZE. "XPRIZE Announces New $10 Million Competition to Preserve Rainforests Across the Globe". adultliteracy.xprize.org. RetrievedFebruary 17, 2020.
  42. https://www.xprize.org/prizes/covidtesting
  43. MacKay, Matthew J.; Hooker, Anna C.; Afshinnekoo, Ebrahim; Salit, Marc; Kelly, Jason; Feldstein, Jonathan V.; Haft, Nick; Schenkel, Doug; Nambi, Subhalaxmi; Cai, Yizhi; Zhang, Feng; Church, George; Dai, Junbiao; Wang, Cliff L.; Levy, Shawn; Huber, Jeff; Ji, Hanlee P.; Kriegel, Alison; Wyllie, Anne L.; Mason, Christopher E. (September 2020). "The COVID-19 XPRIZE and the need for scalable, fast, and widespread testing". Nature Biotechnology. 38 (9): 1021–1024. doi:10.1038/s41587-020-0655-4. PMC7543743. PMID 32820257.
  44. "$100M GIGATON SCALE CARBON REMOVAL". XPRIZE Foundation. RetrievedFebruary 9, 2021.
  45. Elon Musk & Peter Diamandis (April 22, 2021). Elon Musk and Peter Diamandis LIVE on $100M XPRIZE Carbon Removal. XPRIZE. RetrievedApril 28, 2021 – via YouTube.
  46. "XPRIZE Board of Directors". Xprize.org. RetrievedOctober 16, 2018.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toX-Prize Foundation.

X Prize Foundation
X Prize Foundation Language Watch Edit XPRIZE is a non profit organization that designs and hosts public competitions intended to encourage technological development to benefit humanity Their board of trustees include James Cameron Larry Page Arianna Huffington and Ratan Tata among others XPRIZEFounded1994 27 years ago 1994 1 FounderPeter DiamandisFocusPublic competitionsLocationCulver City CaliforniaArea servedExploration Environment EquityMethodRevolution through competitionKey peoplePeter Diamandis Exec Chairman Robert K Weiss Vice Chairman Anousheh Ansari CEO 2 Websitewww wbr xprize wbr org The XPRIZE mission is to bring about radical breakthroughs for the benefit of humanity through incentivized competition It fosters high profile competitions to motivate individuals companies and organizations across all disciplines to develop innovative ideas and technologies that help solve the world s grand challenges The Ansari X Prize relating to spacecraft development was awarded in 2004 intended to inspire research and development into technology for space exploration Contents 1 Background 2 XPRIZE unifying principles 3 Prizes and events overseen 3 1 Past contests 3 1 1 1996 2004 Ansari XPRIZE for Suborbital Spaceflight 3 1 2 2007 2010 Progressive Insurance Automotive XPRIZE 3 1 3 2010 2011 Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup XCHALLENGE 3 1 4 2006 2009 Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander XCHALLENGE 3 1 5 2012 2014 The Nokia Sensing XCHALLENGE 3 1 6 2013 2015 The Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE 3 1 7 2011 2017 Qualcomm Tricorder XPRIZE 3 1 8 2007 2018 Google Lunar XPRIZE 3 1 9 2016 2018 Anu amp Naveen Jain Women s Safety XPRIZE 3 1 10 2016 2018 Water Abundance XPRIZE 3 1 11 2014 2019 The Global Learning XPRIZE 3 1 12 2015 2019 Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE 3 1 13 2015 2019 Adult Literacy XPRIZE 3 1 14 2020 Next Gen Mask Challenge 3 1 15 2020 2021 Pandemic Response XPRIZE 3 2 Canceled contests 3 2 1 2006 2013 Archon Genomics XPRIZE 3 3 Active contests 3 3 1 2014 IBM Watson A I XPRIZE 3 3 2 2015 NRG Cosia Carbon XPRIZE 3 3 3 2018 ANA Avatar XPRIZE 3 3 4 2019 Rainforest XPRIZE 3 3 5 2020 Rapid Covid Testing 3 3 6 2021 Gigaton Scale Carbon Removal 4 Board of directors 4 1 Board of trustees 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksBackground Edit SpaceShipOne Takeoff The first titled the Ansari XPRIZE was presented on November 6 2004 The first XPRIZE the Ansari XPRIZE was inspired by the Orteig Prize a 25 000 prize offered in 1919 by French hotelier Raymond Orteig for the first nonstop flight between New York City and Paris In 1927 underdog Charles Lindbergh won the prize in a modified single engine Ryan aircraft called the Spirit of St Louis In total nine teams spent 400 000 in pursuit of the Orteig Prize In 1996 entrepreneur Peter Diamandis offered a 10 million prize to the first privately financed team that could build and fly a three passenger vehicle 100 kilometers into space twice within two weeks The contest later titled the Ansari XPRIZE for Suborbital Spaceflight motivated 26 teams from seven nations to invest more than 100 million in pursuit of the 10 million purse On October 4 2004 the Ansari XPRIZE was won by Mojave Aerospace Ventures who successfully completed the contest in their spacecraft SpaceShipOne The prize was awarded in a ceremony at the Saint Louis Science Center in St Louis Missouri 3 As of 2011 the Science Center maintains numerous exhibits about the XPRIZE The foundation has also created the XPRIZE Cup rocket challenge competition XPRIZE unifying principles EditXPRIZES are monetary rewards to incentivize three primary goals Attract investment from outside the sector that take new approaches to difficult problems Create significant results that are real and meaningful Competitions have measurable goals and are created to promote adoption of the innovation Cross national and disciplinary boundaries to encourage teams around the world to invest the intellectual and financial capital required to solve difficult challenges Other organizations such as the Nobel Prize committee award prizes and financial rewards to individuals or organizations that produce novel advances in science medicine and technology One difference between the XPRIZES and other similar organizations is awarding prizes based on the first to achieve objective finish line requirements rather than a selection committee discussing the relative merits of different endeavors For instance the Archon Genomics XPRIZE target was to sequence 100 human genomes in 10 days or less with less than one error per 100 000 DNA base pairs covering 98 of the genome and costing less than 10 000 per genome this prize was cancelled because it was outpaced by innovation The prize can increase attention to endeavors that otherwise might not receive much publicity For example attempts in the recent Lunar Lander competition have been well publicized in the media increasing visibility of both the foundation and the participants With the Ansari XPRIZE XPRIZE established a model in which offering a prize for achieving a specific goal can stimulate entrepreneurial investment Since then new challenges have expanded into a range of other fields XPRIZE is developing new prizes in Exploration Space and Oceans Life Sciences Energy amp Environment Education and Global Development Some hope the prizes will help improve lives create equity of opportunity and stimulate new important discoveries Prizes and events overseen EditAs of January 2018 there are seven completed contests eight active contests and one contest that has been canceled Past contests Edit 1996 2004 Ansari XPRIZE for Suborbital Spaceflight Edit Main article Ansari X Prize Astronaut Mike Melvill after his award winning September 29 2004 spaceflight The Ansari XPRIZE for Suborbital Spaceflight was the first prize from the foundation It successfully challenged teams to build private spaceships capable of carrying three people and fly two times within two weeks to open the space frontier The first part of the Ansari XPRIZE requirements was fulfilled by Mike Melvill on September 29 2004 On SpaceShipOne a spacecraft designed by Burt Rutan and financed by Paul Allen co founder and former CEO of Microsoft On that ship Melvill broke the 100 kilometer 62 5 mi mark internationally recognized as the boundary of outer space winning the prize Brian Binnie completed the second part of the requirements on October 4 2004 As a result US 10 million was awarded to the winner but more than 100 million was invested in new technologies in pursuit of the prize Sir Richard Branson Jeff Bezos and others are reputed to be creating a personal spaceflight industry Awarding this first prize gave XPRIZE as much publicity as the winners themselves After the 2004 success there was ample media coverage to afford both Scaled Composites and XPRIZE additional support for them to expand and continue to pursue their aims Following this early success several other XPRIZES were announced that have yet to be awarded despite various attempts to meet the requirements The Ansari XPRIZE won the Space Foundation s Douglas S Morrow Public Outreach Award in 2005 The award is given annually to an individual or organization that has made significant contributions to public awareness of space programs 4 2007 2010 Progressive Insurance Automotive XPRIZE Edit Main article Automotive X Prize The goal of the Progressive Insurance Automotive XPRIZE was to design build and race super efficient vehicles that achieve 100 MPGe 2 35 liter 100 kilometer efficiency produce less than 200 grams mile well to wheel CO2 equivalent emissions and could be manufactured for the mass market 5 The winners of the competition were announced on September 16 2010 6 Team Edison2 won the 5 million Mainstream competition with its four passenger Very Light Car obtaining 102 5 MPGe running on E85 fuel Team Li Ion Motors won the 2 5 million Alternative Side by Side competition with their aerodynamic Wave II electric vehicle achieving 187 MPGe Team X Tracer Switzerland won the 2 5 million Alternative Tandem competition with their 205 3 MPGe faired electric motorcycle 2010 2011 Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup XCHALLENGE Edit Main article Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup X Challenge The Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup XCHALLENGE was introduced on July 29 2010 The 1 million prize had a goal to inspire a new generation of innovative solutions that will speed the pace of cleaning up seawater surface oil resulting from spillage from ocean platforms tankers and other sources The team of Elastec American Marine won the challenge by developing a device that skims oil off water three times faster than previously existing technology 7 2006 2009 Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander XCHALLENGE Edit The Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander XCHALLENGE NGLLXPC was a competition co hosted by NASA to build precise efficient small rocket systems It was introduced in 2006 and the US 1 million top prize was awarded on November 5 2009 to Masten Space Systems led by David Masten while Armadillo Aerospace led by id Software founder John Carmack took home the second place prize of US 500 000 plus an additional 500 000 in 2008 2012 2014 The Nokia Sensing XCHALLENGE Edit The Nokia Sensing XCHALLENGE goal is accelerating the use of sensors and sensing technology to tackle health care problems and find ways for people to monitor and maintain their personal well being It was composed of two distinct Challenges held in 2013 and 2014 It was announced in 2012 8 and 12 finalists announced in 2013 9 On November 11 2014 the winner was named 10 and prize purses totaling 2 25 million were awarded 2013 2015 The Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE Edit The Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE is a 2 million competition to improve our understanding of ocean acidification 11 On July 20 2015 the winners of the challenge were announced 12 2011 2017 Qualcomm Tricorder XPRIZE Edit Main article Tricorder X Prize The Qualcomm Tricorder XPRIZE was announced on May 10 2011 and is sponsored by Qualcomm Foundation It was officially launched on January 10 2012 13 The 10 million prize is awarded for creating a mobile device that can diagnose patients better than or equal to a panel of board certified physicians 14 The name is taken from the tricorder device in Star Trek which can be used to instantly diagnose ailments 15 No team met all the requirements needed to win the full prize purse Reduced prizes were made to the strongest performers US 2 6 million for Final Frontier Medical Devices US 1 million for Dynamical Biomarkers and 100 0000 for Cloud DX named Bold Epic Innovator For the first time at any XPRIZE the leftover funds from the main prize purse were diverted for consumer testing for commercialization 3 8 million and for adapting tricorders for use in hospitals in developing countries 1 6 million 2007 2018 Google Lunar XPRIZE Edit Main article Google Lunar X Prize The Google Lunar XPRIZE was introduced on September 13 2007 The goal of the prize was similar to that of the Ansari XPRIZE to inspire a new generation of private investment in space exploration and technology The challenge called for teams to compete in successfully launching landing and operating a rover on the lunar surface The prize was going to award 20 million to the first team to land a rover on the moon that successfully roved more than 500 meters and transmitted back high definition images and video There was a 5 million second prize as well as 5 million in potential bonus prizes for extra features such as roving long distances greater than 5 000 meters capturing images of man made objects on the moon or surviving a lunar night On January 23 2018 the prize ended when no team was able to schedule confirm and pay for a launch attempt The XPRIZE Foundation announced that no team would be able to make a launch attempt to reach the Moon by the 31 March 2018 deadline and the US 30 million Google Lunar XPRIZE will go unclaimed 16 17 2016 2018 Anu amp Naveen Jain Women s Safety XPRIZE Edit The Anu amp Naveen Jain Women s Safety XPRIZE was launched on October 24 2016 and has a 1 million purse The goal for competing teams is to develop a safety device for women that can autonomously and inconspicuously trigger an emergency alert while transmitting information to a network of community responders 18 On the 7th of June 2018 Leaf Wearables received the grand prize winner of the 1M 19 2016 2018 Water Abundance XPRIZE Edit On October 20 2018 the XPRIZE Foundation awarded The Water Abundance XPRIZE which launched on October 24 2016 with a purse of 1 75 million provided by the Tata Group and Australian Aid to the Skysource Skywater Alliance based in Venice California who received a grand prize of 1 5 million An additional award of 150 000 went to the second place team JMCC WING based in South Point Hawaii to acknowledge the team s ingenuity in developing a unique technological approach 20 Over a 24 hour period the Skysource Skywater Alliance successfully extracted over 2 000 liters of water using only renewable energy at a cost of US 0 02 per liter 21 The team led by architect David Hertz intends to use the award to productize the system to address water scarcity in the developing world 22 2014 2019 The Global Learning XPRIZE Edit The Global Learning XPRIZE launched in September 2014 is a 15 million prize to create mobile apps to improve reading writing and arithmetic in developing nations Each application will be developed during an 18 month period and the top five teams will receive 1 million each with each of the winning apps being made available under an open source license The finalist of the group that then develops an app producing the highest performance gains will win an additional 10 million top prize 23 On the 15th of May 2019 the grand prize winners were announced there was a tie between Kitkit School from South Korea and the United States and onebillion from Kenya and the United Kingdom 24 2015 2019 Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE Edit On December 14 2015 XPRIZE Founder Peter Diamandis announced the launch of a new 7 million prize that will be a three year global competition that challenges researchers to build better technologies for mapping Earth s seafloor 25 On the 31st May 2019 the grand prize winner receiving a total of 4M was GEBCO NF Alumni an international team based in the United States while KUROSHIO from Japan claimed 1M as the runner up 26 GEBCO NF Alumni used the unmanned boat Maxlimer to autonomously map 278 square kilometres 107 sq mi of seafloor 27 2015 2019 Adult Literacy XPRIZE Edit Find solutions how to improve literacy proficiency of adults in reading within a 12 month period The challenge was announced on June 8 2015 and is awarded with 7 million by Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy and the Dollar General Literacy Foundation 28 The winners Learning Upgrade and People ForWords were announced 7 February 2019 29 2020 Next Gen Mask Challenge Edit The 1 million Next Gen Mask Prize is open to only 16 24 year olds and was sponsored by Marc Benioff and Jim Cramer the host of Mad Money on CNBC 30 On December 23 2020 The Luminosity Lab was named the winning team with their anti fog mask design taking home 500 000 31 2020 2021 Pandemic Response XPRIZE Edit This was a four month challenge focused on the development of AI driven systems to predict COVID 19 infection rates and to prescribe intervention plans The 500 000 award was funded by Cognizant 32 The winners VALENCIA IA4COVID19 from Spain and JSI vs COVID from Slovenia were announced on March 9 2021 33 Canceled contests Edit 2006 2013 Archon Genomics XPRIZE Edit Main article Archon X Prize The Archon Genomics XPRIZE the second XPRIZE to be offered by the foundation was announced October 4 2006 The goal of the Archon Genomics XPRIZE was to greatly reduce the cost and increase the speed of human genome sequencing to create a new era of personalized predictive and preventive medicine eventually transforming medical care from reactive to proactive The 10 million prize purse was promised to the first team that can build a device and use it to sequence 100 human genomes within 10 days or less with an accuracy of no more than one error in every 100 000 bases sequenced with sequences accurately covering at least 98 of the genome and at a recurring cost of no more than 1 000 per genome If more than one team attempted the competition at the same time and more than one team fulfilled all the criteria then teams would have been ranked according to the time of completion No more than three teams would have been ranked and would have shared the purse in the following manner 7 5 million to the winner and 2 5 million to the second place team if two teams were successful or 7 million 2 million and 1 million if three teams are successful Actual competition events were originally scheduled to take place twice a year with all eligible teams given the opportunity to make an attempt starting at precisely the same time as the other teams This was changed to a single competition scheduled for September 5 2013 to October 1 2013 which was canceled on August 22 2013 The rationale for the change was articulated by the CEO Today companies can do this for less than 5 000 per genome in a few days or less and are moving quickly towards the goals we set for the prize For this reason we have decided to cancel an XPRIZE for the first time ever 34 A public debate concerning the validity and potential implications of the cancellation was published March 27 2014 35 Active contests Edit 2014 IBM Watson A I XPRIZE Edit The A I XPRIZE was announced as having an aim to use an artificial intelligence system to deliver a compelling TED talk Diamandis hopes to contrast the benevolent value of AI against the dystopian point of view that sometimes enter AI conversations The winning team of the contest which is scheduled for 2020 will be determined by the audience 36 2015 NRG Cosia Carbon XPRIZE Edit On September 29 2015 Peter Diamandis chairman and CEO of X Prize announced the launch of a 20 million prize for a 4 5 year competition on testing technologies which converts CO2 into products with the highest net value to reduce carbon dioxide emissions of either a coal or a natural gas power plant 37 Round three began in April 2018 as the 27 semifinalists were cut down to ten finalists each receiving an equal share of 5 million milestone prize money Five teams will compete at a coal fired power plant in Gillette Wyoming and the remaining five teams will compete at a natural gas fired power plant in Alberta Canada 38 In February 2020 this operational round will conclude and winners will be announced the following month 39 2018 ANA Avatar XPRIZE Edit The 10 million ANA Avatar XPRIZE is a four year competition focused on accelerating the integration of emerging and exponential technologies into a multipurpose avatar system that will seamlessly transport human skills and experience to the exact location where and when they are needed 40 2019 Rainforest XPRIZE Edit The 19th of November 2019 The 10 million Rainforest XPrize was announced 41 Registration opened in February 2020 and the first round will begin in September 2020 2020 Rapid Covid Testing Edit XPRIZE Rapid Covid Testing is a 6 million 6 month competition to develop faster cheaper and easier to use COVID 19 testing methods at scale 42 43 2021 Gigaton Scale Carbon Removal Edit Funded by Elon Musk and the Musk Foundation the 100 million carbon removal competition is the so far largest incentive prize in history It is aimed to inspire and help scale efficient solutions to collectively achieve the 10 gigaton per year carbon removal target by 2050 to help fight climate change and restore the Earth s carbon balance 44 45 Board of directors EditThe XPRIZE Foundation is governed by a board of directors that determine the annual roadmaps and act as stewards for the foundation As of January 2018 the board of directors are 46 Anousheh Ansari director Amir Ansari director Avi Reichental director Jack Bader director Peter Diamandis founder and executive chairman Gil Elbaz director Eric Esrailian director John B Frank director Salim Ismail director James Manyika director Gregg E Maryniak secretary Lauren Selig director Jeffrey L Shames director Marcus Shingles former chief executive officer J Barry Thompson treasurer Robert K Weiss vice chairman Board of trustees Edit The XPRIZE Foundation has a board of trustees that provides insights on new technologies grand challenges requiring significant innovation and other areas that lend themselves to prize philanthropy A sample of the trustees includes James Cameron trustee Jim Gianopulos trustee Arianna Huffington trustee Dean Kamen trustee Ray Kurzweil trustee Erik Lindbergh trustee Larry Page trustee Ratan Tata trustee See also EditWikimedia Commons has media related to X Prize Foundation DARPA Grand Challenge Elevator 2010 Global Security Challenge H Prize Hutter Prize Inducement prize contest L Prize Methuselah prize Orteig PrizeReferences Edit The XPRIZE Heritage XPRIZE Archived from the original on July 28 2010 Retrieved January 31 2012 X Prize Our People Anousheh Ansari CEO Retrieved March 11 2019 Boyle Alan November 6 2004 Spaceship team gets its 10 million prize NBC News Symposium Awards National Space Symposium February 3 2009 Archived from the original on February 3 2009 Retrieved January 31 2012 Competition Guidelines Version 1 2 PDF XPRIZE January 13 2009 Archived from the original PDF on August 1 2009 Three Teams Awarded Share of 10 Million Purse in Progressive Insurance Automotive X PRIZE for Super Fuel Efficient Vehicles XPRIZE Archived from the original on September 19 2010 Retrieved September 17 2010 Boyle Rebecca Winner of Million Dollar X Challenge Cleans Up Oil Spills Three Times Better Than Existing Tech Popular Science Popsci com Retrieved January 31 2012 Nokia Sensing XChallenge Media Mentions Scott Jung Nokia and XPRIZE Announce Finalists of the Nokia Sensing XCHALLENGE Medgadet XPrize names medical sensor challenge winners Sandiegouniontribune com Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE Oceanhealth xprize org Retrieved October 16 2018 Montana team takes home both top rizes in 2 million Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE Oceanhealth xprize org X PRIZE Foundation and Qualcomm Foundation Set to Revolutionize Healthcare with Launch of 10 Million Qualcomm Tricorder X PRIZE X PRIZE Foundation Xprize org January 10 2012 Archived from the original on February 5 2012 Retrieved January 31 2012 The X PRIZE Foundation and Qualcomm Join Forces to Develop a Competition to Enhance Integrated Digital Health XPRIZE May 10 2011 Retrieved May 14 2011 Zehn Millionen Dollar fur den Star Trek Trikorder Der Spiegel in German May 14 2011 Foust Jeff January 23 2018 Google Lunar X Prize to end without winner SpaceNews AN IMPORTANT UPDATE FROM GOOGLE LUNAR XPRIZE XPRIZE Foundation January 23 2018 With Two New Competitions XPRIZE Tackles Water Scarcity and Women s Safety XPRIZE XPRIZE Anu amp Naveen Jain Announce Leaf Wearables as the Grand Prize Winner in the 1m Women s Safety XPRIZE adultliteracy xprize org Retrieved February 17 2020 GRAND PRIZE WINNER IN 1 75M WATER ABUNDANCE XPRIZE ANNOUNCED AT XPRIZE VISIONEERING 2018 Oct 22 2018 Creating Water From Thin Air XPRIZE Retrieved October 26 2018 https www firstpost com tech science water out of thin air california duos water making device wins 1 5m xprize 5463121 html https www apnews com 88077278c6b04658952ad7a148219b73 Dominic Basulto September 22 2014 New 15 million Global Learning XPRIZE wants to disrupt education as we know it The Washington Post 15M Global Learning XPRIZE Culminates With Two Grand Prize Winners adultliteracy xprize org Retrieved February 17 2020 New X Prize Challenge Map Ocean Floor Livescience com Winners Announced in 7M Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE for Advancements in Autonomous Ocean Exploration adultliteracy xprize org Retrieved February 17 2020 GEBCO NF Alumni robots win ocean mapping XPRIZE BBC News Online May 31 2019 Retrieved August 29 2020 Xprize and Barbara Bush foundation set sights on empowering 36 million U S adults through literacy XPRIZE Prize announcement XPRIZE February 16 2020 XPRIZE CALLS UPON THE NEXT GENERATION OF INNOVATORS TO HELP FIGHT COVID 19 WITH MILLION DOLLAR NEXT GEN MASK CHALLENGE XPRIZE Retrieved December 8 2020 ASU team wins international competition with anti fog coronavirus mask design KNXV December 23 2020 Retrieved April 26 2021 Pandemic Response Challenge XPRIZE Retrieved March 23 2021 XPRIZE and Cognizant Announce Grand Prize Winners in Pandemic Response Challenge to Restart Economies Around the World www businesswire com March 9 2021 Retrieved March 23 2021 Peter Diamandis August 22 2013 Outpaced by Innovation Canceling an XPRIZE Huffington Post P Diamandis amp G Church March 27 2014 Cancellation of the Archon Genomics XPRIZE A Public Debate Archived from the original on April 21 2014 Issie Lapowsky February 17 2016 New 5 Million X Prize for AI That Gives the Best TED Talk Wired New 20 million XPRIZE aims to tackle CO2 emissions from fossil fuels XPRIZE Ten teams from five countries advance to finals of 20M NRG Cosia Carbon XPrize carbon xprize org XPrize Retrieved April 10 2018 Schedule carbon xprize org XPrize Retrieved April 10 2018 Ioannou Lori March 12 2018 Fast forwarding a robotic future 10 million ANA Avatar XPRIZE is announced at SXSW Cnbc com Retrieved October 16 2018 XPRIZE XPRIZE Announces New 10 Million Competition to Preserve Rainforests Across the Globe adultliteracy xprize org Retrieved February 17 2020 https www xprize org prizes covidtesting MacKay Matthew J Hooker Anna C Afshinnekoo Ebrahim Salit Marc Kelly Jason Feldstein Jonathan V Haft Nick Schenkel Doug Nambi Subhalaxmi Cai Yizhi Zhang Feng Church George Dai Junbiao Wang Cliff L Levy Shawn Huber Jeff Ji Hanlee P Kriegel Alison Wyllie Anne L Mason Christopher E September 2020 The COVID 19 XPRIZE and the need for scalable fast and widespread testing Nature Biotechnology 38 9 1021 1024 doi 10 1038 s41587 020 0655 4 PMC 7543743 PMID 32820257 100M GIGATON SCALE CARBON REMOVAL XPRIZE Foundation Retrieved February 9 2021 Elon Musk amp Peter Diamandis April 22 2021 Elon Musk and Peter Diamandis LIVE on 100M XPRIZE Carbon Removal XPRIZE Retrieved April 28 2021 via YouTube XPRIZE Board of Directors Xprize org Retrieved October 16 2018 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to X Prize Foundation Official website Hintz Eric S September 27 2010 Creative Financing Wall Street Journal Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title X Prize Foundation amp oldid 1041421588, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.