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Xanthi Carnival

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(February 2020) ()

Xanthi Carnival (or Carnival of Xanthi; Greek:Ξανθιώτικο Καρναβάλι) and Thracian Folk Festival is the biggest event of its kind in northern Greece and the second biggest in Greece, following the Patras Carnival. Ιt was founded in 1966, in a formal way. The event is held annually under the auspices of the Cultural Center of the Municipality of Xanthi.

Xanthi Carnival
Logo of the Thracian Folk Festival Xanthi Carnival
GenreCarnival, Festival
FrequencyAnnual
Location(s)Xanthi, Greece
Coordinates41°08′21″N24°53′17″E /41.139189°N 24.887929°E /41.139189; 24.887929Coordinates: 41°08′21″N24°53′17″E /41.139189°N 24.887929°E /41.139189; 24.887929
Years active55
FoundedFebruary 13, 1966 (1966-02-13)
Participants16,000 (2019)
Budget€130,000 (at least)
Organised byCulture Center of Xanthi Municipality
SponsorsAmstel, ERT3
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

Until the 1950s, carnival events were being organised in Xanthi were mainly folklore-based, with traditional Thracian elements strongly promoted. That time, dance groups and cultural associations of the three prefectures of Thrace, and some of the neighbouring areas, were participating. In the mid-1960s, certain residents of the town of Xanthi, promoted the idea of folklore celebrations through the period of Carnival. In 1965 Stergios Stathis, a doctor from the city of Kastoria, who was practising Medicine in Xanthi that time, influenced by “Ragkoutsaria”, a traditional custom from his hometown, proposed the establishment of similar festivities. He gained support for his initiative by Vassilis Asimomitis, a theologian, originally from Mykonos, who taught at the Ecclesiastical School of Xanthi. He was aware of the traditions and customs of Thrace, many of them which were derived from mythological Cult of Dionysus. Their main goal was the creation of a festival during the Carnival season, that would revive the traditions and folkway of the wider area of Thrace.

Thus, in 1966, for the first time, were organised the Thracian Celebrations of Carnival. The events of 1966 and 1967 were organised by the Regional Committee of Tourism. Also, it is known that the first years, the neighbouring cities were craving to get the organisation of the Event at any cost in their city. This was never achieved, as the event managed to solidify in the town and the local chiefs and professionals did their best to maintain it.

From 1983 to 1986 the Festival was through critical times for its survival. The attendance of the people was already declined drastically and as a result it became insignificant, close to zero. Therefore, in 1986 the Mayor of that time, Konstantinos Benis, concerned about the future, assigned the organisation to Thracian Theatrical Scene, a local cultural association that was founded in 1975 and was quite popular. The association managed to revive and reshape the events with a plethora of changes and initiatives it took. In 1986 the first exclusively carnival association was formed called “Οι Φίλοι”. In 1987 more associations did as well and the term “Xanthi Carnival” was added to the official name. Thracian Theatrical Scene was the organiser until 1991. It is still nowadays active and participates in the Carnival.

In the 1990s new Festivals were created in the city like Xanthi Old Town Festival, Youth Festival and Manos Hatzidakis Festival and the emphasis to the folklore character of the Festival was somehow reduced.

The associations participating in the Carnival of Xanthi are cultural clubs, based in the prefecture of Xanthi. Most of them join other festivals like Xanthi Old Town Festival and some of them organise events individually through the year. Every year each club creates its carnival costumes related to the theme of the Carnival and offers them to the public at a fee. Only carnivalists who manage to purchase a suit are allowed to march during the Grand Carnival Parade. After the parade; all clubs hold an outdoor party together at the finishing point.

The events begin approximately three weeks before the Great Lent with the Opening Ceremony. From that day a series of everyday happenings occur at the Central Square and at the Municipal Amphitheatre.

The firsts Saturday of the celebrations the Festival of the Folklore comes about. The Folklore Clubs begin from different points in the city, they march dancing and they gather up at the Central Square where they dance folk dances all together.

The day of Tsiknopempti, at the indoor sports center "Philippos Amiridis", is held the Evening of Traditional Tastes, where the folklore clubs of the city offer their local dishes, while there is a great feast with dances and music from various places of Greece. In the Municipal Amphitheater there are Folklore Nights, where Folklore Clubs dance traditional dances.

At the Central Square are held various cultural events and mainly concerts hosting some of the most popular Greek singers through the years.Some of the artists performed are:Eleonora Zouganeli, Onirama, Locomondo, Stavento, Despina Vandi, Peggy Zina, Koza Mostra, Giorgos Tsalikis, Giorgos Sampanis, Eleni Foureira, Goin' Through, Demy, Michalis Hatzigiannis etc.

A week before the Grand Parade, the Children Carnival Parade takes place with the participation of school students. At the evening of the last Saturday, the day before the Grand Parade, the Night Carnival Parade is being organised, which is essentially the prelude and an integral part of the culmination of the festivities. It is an open call for all the people and carnivalists, where they can join the free parade wearing even the old costumes of the Carnival. It ends up in the Central Square where a big party is set up. Later the party continues in the Old Town until the morning.

The next day the Grand Carnival Parade begins at the entrance of the city, where the chariots of the carnival clubs and the carnivalists who procured the new carnival costumes march. The parade ends at the old stadium of Xanthi F.C. after a 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) route and closes with an outdoor party til late.

The Festival is closing with the Closing Ceremony and the custom of burning the "Tzaros" in the river of Kosynthos.

According to the inhabitants of Eastern Thrace, "Tzaros"(Jaros) or "Tzarous" was a man-made model, mounted on a pile of holly trees. According to folk tradition, on the last Sunday of Carnival, Tzaros was set on fire in the center of an altar, a square, or a hill, so as not to have fleas in the Summer. This custom was brought by the refugees from Samakov in Eastern Thrace and is revived every year by the inhabitants of the homonymous settlement, which is located near the bridge over the river Kosynthos. The name "Tzaros" came from the peculiar sound (j, j, j) that the burning of the bush created. A spectacular fireworks show completes the ceremony.

On Clean Monday, the event ends with the baton be passed to various villages of the prefecture of Xanthi, such as Stavroupoli, Polysitos and Avdira with local customs and activities.

Each year a different theme is chosen by the Cultural Center of the Municipality of Xanthi and based on this the clubs create carnival costumes. The Queen of Carnival is selected after competition and voting by the Clubs and the Cultural Center or by direct assignment from the Cultural Center. Sometimes the Queen comes from the area of Thrace, but other times is a popular celebrity in Greece.

  • As of 2018, the Carnival of Xanthi, in addition to the established Queen, has a King, the "pirate" Panagiotis Georgiou. In addition, it was decided that the Queen would be accompanied by princesses.
  • In 2016, for the first time, Oraiokastro of Thessaloniki participated in the Xanthi Carnival as a guest city, opening the Grand Parade. Since then, it has been participating for three consecutive years, and in 2020 Syvros Lefkada will be the guest city.
  1. "50 Years Thracian Folk Festival". Google Docs. p. 18. Retrieved2020-02-19.
  2. "Schedule of Thracian Celebrations of Apokries of 1966, in Xanthi". Google Docs (in Greek). Retrieved2020-02-19.
  3. "50 Years Thracian Folk Festival - Xanthi Carnival". Google Docs. p. 10. Retrieved2020-02-19.
  4. Mousopoulos, Thanasis (2015). "50 years Thracian Folk Festival - Xanthi Carnival". Google Docs. pp. 114, 115. Retrieved2020-02-19.
  5. "Thracian Folk Festival - Xanthi Carnival - Schedule 1987". Google Docs (in Greek). Retrieved2020-02-19.
  6. Mousopoulos, Thanasis. "50 Years Thracian Folk Festivan - Xanthi Carnival". Google Docs. p. 22. Retrieved2020-02-19.
  7. XanthiNea.gr. "Xanthi Carnival 2020: Children Carnival Parade ,Sunday 23/02". XanthiNea.gr | Ξάνθη Νέα | Ηλεκτρονική εφημερίδα (in Greek). Retrieved2020-02-29.
  8. "Visit Greece | The carnival of Xanthi". www.visitgreece.gr. Retrieved2020-02-29.

Xanthi Carnival
Xanthi Carnival Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Xanthi Carnival news newspapers books scholar JSTOR February 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Xanthi Carnival or Carnival of Xanthi Greek 3an8iwtiko Karnabali and Thracian Folk Festival is the biggest event of its kind in northern Greece and the second biggest in Greece following the Patras Carnival It was founded in 1966 in a formal way The event is held annually under the auspices of the Cultural Center of the Municipality of Xanthi Xanthi CarnivalLogo of the Thracian Folk Festival Xanthi CarnivalGenreCarnival FestivalFrequencyAnnualLocation s Xanthi GreeceCoordinates41 08 21 N 24 53 17 E 41 139189 N 24 887929 E 41 139189 24 887929 Coordinates 41 08 21 N 24 53 17 E 41 139189 N 24 887929 E 41 139189 24 887929Years active55FoundedFebruary 13 1966 1966 02 13 Participants16 000 2019 Budget 130 000 at least Organised byCulture Center of Xanthi MunicipalitySponsorsAmstel ERT3WebsiteOfficial website Contents 1 History 2 Associations 3 Schedule 4 Closing ceremony 5 Carnival theme 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory EditUntil the 1950s carnival events were being organised in Xanthi were mainly folklore based with traditional Thracian elements strongly promoted That time dance groups and cultural associations of the three prefectures of Thrace and some of the neighbouring areas were participating In the mid 1960s certain residents of the town of Xanthi promoted the idea of folklore celebrations through the period of Carnival In 1965 Stergios Stathis a doctor from the city of Kastoria who was practising Medicine in Xanthi that time influenced by Ragkoutsaria a traditional custom from his hometown proposed the establishment of similar festivities He gained support for his initiative by Vassilis Asimomitis a theologian originally from Mykonos who taught at the Ecclesiastical School of Xanthi He was aware of the traditions and customs of Thrace many of them which were derived from mythological Cult of Dionysus Their main goal was the creation of a festival during the Carnival season that would revive the traditions and folkway of the wider area of Thrace 1 Thus in 1966 for the first time were organised the Thracian Celebrations of Carnival 2 The events of 1966 and 1967 were organised by the Regional Committee of Tourism Also it is known that the first years the neighbouring cities were craving to get the organisation of the Event at any cost in their city This was never achieved as the event managed to solidify in the town and the local chiefs and professionals did their best to maintain it 3 From 1983 to 1986 the Festival was through critical times for its survival The attendance of the people was already declined drastically and as a result it became insignificant close to zero Therefore in 1986 the Mayor of that time Konstantinos Benis concerned about the future assigned the organisation to Thracian Theatrical Scene a local cultural association that was founded in 1975 and was quite popular The association managed to revive and reshape the events with a plethora of changes and initiatives it took 4 In 1986 the first exclusively carnival association was formed called Oi Filoi In 1987 more associations did as well and the term Xanthi Carnival was added to the official name 5 Thracian Theatrical Scene was the organiser until 1991 4 It is still nowadays active and participates in the Carnival In the 1990s new Festivals were created in the city like Xanthi Old Town Festival Youth Festival and Manos Hatzidakis Festival and the emphasis to the folklore character of the Festival was somehow reduced 6 Associations EditThe associations participating in the Carnival of Xanthi are cultural clubs based in the prefecture of Xanthi Most of them join other festivals like Xanthi Old Town Festival and some of them organise events individually through the year Every year each club creates its carnival costumes related to the theme of the Carnival and offers them to the public at a fee Only carnivalists who manage to purchase a suit are allowed to march during the Grand Carnival Parade After the parade all clubs hold an outdoor party together at the finishing point Schedule EditThe events begin approximately three weeks before the Great Lent with the Opening Ceremony From that day a series of everyday happenings occur at the Central Square and at the Municipal Amphitheatre The firsts Saturday of the celebrations the Festival of the Folklore comes about The Folklore Clubs begin from different points in the city they march dancing and they gather up at the Central Square where they dance folk dances all together The day of Tsiknopempti at the indoor sports center Philippos Amiridis is held the Evening of Traditional Tastes where the folklore clubs of the city offer their local dishes while there is a great feast with dances and music from various places of Greece In the Municipal Amphitheater there are Folklore Nights where Folklore Clubs dance traditional dances At the Central Square are held various cultural events and mainly concerts hosting some of the most popular Greek singers through the years Some of the artists performed are Eleonora Zouganeli Onirama Locomondo Stavento Despina Vandi Peggy Zina Koza Mostra Giorgos Tsalikis Giorgos Sampanis Eleni Foureira Goin Through Demy Michalis Hatzigiannis etc A week before the Grand Parade the Children Carnival Parade takes place with the participation of school students 7 At the evening of the last Saturday the day before the Grand Parade the Night Carnival Parade is being organised which is essentially the prelude and an integral part of the culmination of the festivities It is an open call for all the people and carnivalists where they can join the free parade wearing even the old costumes of the Carnival It ends up in the Central Square where a big party is set up Later the party continues in the Old Town until the morning The next day the Grand Carnival Parade begins at the entrance of the city where the chariots of the carnival clubs and the carnivalists who procured the new carnival costumes march The parade ends at the old stadium of Xanthi F C after a 3 kilometres 1 9 mi route and closes with an outdoor party til late 8 Closing ceremony EditThe Festival is closing with the Closing Ceremony and the custom of burning the Tzaros in the river of Kosynthos According to the inhabitants of Eastern Thrace Tzaros Jaros or Tzarous was a man made model mounted on a pile of holly trees According to folk tradition on the last Sunday of Carnival Tzaros was set on fire in the center of an altar a square or a hill so as not to have fleas in the Summer This custom was brought by the refugees from Samakov in Eastern Thrace and is revived every year by the inhabitants of the homonymous settlement which is located near the bridge over the river Kosynthos The name Tzaros came from the peculiar sound j j j that the burning of the bush created A spectacular fireworks show completes the ceremony 8 On Clean Monday the event ends with the baton be passed to various villages of the prefecture of Xanthi such as Stavroupoli Polysitos and Avdira with local customs and activities Carnival theme EditEach year a different theme is chosen by the Cultural Center of the Municipality of Xanthi and based on this the clubs create carnival costumes The Queen of Carnival is selected after competition and voting by the Clubs and the Cultural Center or by direct assignment from the Cultural Center Sometimes the Queen comes from the area of Thrace but other times is a popular celebrity in Greece As of 2018 the Carnival of Xanthi in addition to the established Queen has a King the pirate Panagiotis Georgiou In addition it was decided that the Queen would be accompanied by princesses In 2016 for the first time Oraiokastro of Thessaloniki participated in the Xanthi Carnival as a guest city opening the Grand Parade Since then it has been participating for three consecutive years and in 2020 Syvros Lefkada will be the guest city See also EditCarnival in Greece XanthiReferences Edit 50 Years Thracian Folk Festival Google Docs p 18 Retrieved 2020 02 19 Schedule of Thracian Celebrations of Apokries of 1966 in Xanthi Google Docs in Greek Retrieved 2020 02 19 50 Years Thracian Folk Festival Xanthi Carnival Google Docs p 10 Retrieved 2020 02 19 a b Mousopoulos Thanasis 2015 50 years Thracian Folk Festival Xanthi Carnival Google Docs pp 114 115 Retrieved 2020 02 19 Thracian Folk Festival Xanthi Carnival Schedule 1987 Google Docs in Greek Retrieved 2020 02 19 Mousopoulos Thanasis 50 Years Thracian Folk Festivan Xanthi Carnival Google Docs p 22 Retrieved 2020 02 19 XanthiNea gr Xanthi Carnival 2020 Children Carnival Parade Sunday 23 02 XanthiNea gr 3an8h Nea Hlektronikh efhmerida in Greek Retrieved 2020 02 29 a b Visit Greece The carnival of Xanthi www visitgreece gr Retrieved 2020 02 29 External links EditXanthi Carnival Thracian Folk Festival Official Website Cultural Center of the Municipality of Xanthi City of Xanthi Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Xanthi Carnival amp oldid 1000381866, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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