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Xeno-canto

xeno-canto is a citizen science project and repository in which volunteers record, upload and annotate recordings of birdsong and bird calls. Since it began in 2005, it has collected over 575,000 sound recordings from more than 10,000 species worldwide, and has become one of the biggest collections of bird sounds in the world. All the recordings are published under one of the Creative Commons licenses, including some with open licences. Each recording on the website is accompanied by a spectrogram and location data on a map displaying geographical variation.

xeno-canto
Type of site
Audio clip sharing
Available in
  • English
  • Dutch
  • Polish
URLwww.xeno-canto.org
CommercialNo
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedMay 30, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-05-30)
Current statusActive

Data from xeno-canto has been re-used in many (a few thousand) scientific papers. It has also been the source of data for an annual challenge on automatic birdsong recognition ("BirdCLEF") since 2014, conducted as part of the Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum.

The website is supported by a number of academic and birdwatching institutions worldwide, with its primary support being in the Netherlands.

Contents

xeno-canto, which translates to “strange sound”, is a sounds-only project seeking to highlight sounds of birds, rather than images or videos. xeno-canto was launched on May 30, 2005 by Bob Planqué, a mathematical biologist at VU University Amsterdam, and Willem-Pier Vellinga, a physicist who now consults for a global materials technology company. At the time of the launch, the site held recordings of only about 160 species and originally aimed to collect recordings of birds from Central and South America.

xeno-canto has now become global, expanding its coverage to North America, Africa and Asia, and finally to Europe and Australasia. By 2017, the data collection showed significant growth, containing about 360,000 recordings of about 9,750 bird species (which is nearly 90 percent of all bird species). Nevertheless, the collection is still far from complete. There are about 1,000 missing species, and for many species, there are only a few recordings, meaning they lack the variation in repertoire and dialect that the species display.

xeno-canto aims to utilize the capabilities of the internet to improve the general popularity, accessibility, and knowledge of bird sounds. So far, the recordings on xeno-canto have seen use in a variety of different ways including being featured on the Aviation Information System of India, contributing to the STERNA project, and being included in a Norwegian University’s database.

Since its founding, the website has set a number of set principles in order to keep the service community-driven. These principles include:

  • Anybody can contribute to the project. Aside from a few restrictions on the file size, users can upload any bird sound they find interesting. On top of uploading recordings, users can also write articles, comment on recording achievements, and even contribute to the website’s code.
  • Recordings are shared. The Creative Commons licenses implemented by the website promote sharing. The bird sounds uploaded are intended to be re-used. Users can download individual recordings found when browsing or access the entire collection’s database.
  • Recordings can be challenged. Fellow users can flag a recording as having an incorrect identification. The recording is then reviewed until agreed upon by the community, and the flag is reset by administrators. This process can vary in length, but most often takes a few days.
  1. "About Xeno Canto". xeno-canto. Retrieved2019-04-16.
  2. "Terms of Use". xeno-canto. Retrieved2013-01-07.
  3. Brumm, H. & Naguib, M. (2009), "Environmental acoustics and the evolution of bird song", Advances in the Study of Behavior, 40: 1–33, doi:10.1016/S0065-3454(09)40001-9
  4. Weir, J.T. & Wheatcroft, D. (2011), "A latitudinal gradient in rates of evolution of avian syllable diversity and song length", Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 278 (1712): 1713–1720, doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2037, PMC3081773, PMID 21068034
  5. Stowell, D.F. & Plumbley, M. D. (2014), "Automatic large-scale classification of bird sounds is strongly improved by unsupervised feature learning", PeerJ, 2: e488, arXiv:1405.6524, Bibcode:2014arXiv1405.6524S, doi:10.7717/peerj.488, PMC4106198, PMID 25083350
  6. Stowell, D.F.; Musevic,S.; Bonada,J. & Plumbley, M. D. (2013), "Improved multiple birdsong tracking with distribution derivative method and Markov renewal process clustering", 2013 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing: 468–472, arXiv:1302.3462, Bibcode:2013arXiv1302.3462S, doi:10.1109/ICASSP.2013.6637691, hdl:10230/41749, ISBN 978-1-4799-0356-6, S2CID 3539066
  7. BirdCLEF 2019 webpage
  8. "Colophon and Credits". xeno-canto. Retrieved2013-01-07.
  9. "Science | The Guardian". the Guardian. Retrieved2021-03-15.
  10. "www.xeno-canto.org: a decade on".
  11. "About AVIS – IBIS - IBIS". Retrieved2021-03-15.
  12. "Members". www.sterna-net.eu. Retrieved2021-03-15.
  13. "Linnet (Linaria cannabina) -> Crossbill (Linaria cannabina) - BirdID's Bird Guide - Nord University - Birdid". www.birdid.no. Retrieved2021-03-15.
  14. "When we share, everyone wins". Creative Commons. Retrieved2021-03-15.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toXeno-canto.

Xeno-canto
Xeno canto Language Watch Edit xeno canto is a citizen science project and repository in which volunteers record upload and annotate recordings of birdsong and bird calls Since it began in 2005 it has collected over 575 000 sound recordings from more than 10 000 species worldwide and has become one of the biggest collections of bird sounds in the world 1 All the recordings are published under one of the Creative Commons licenses 2 including some with open licences Each recording on the website is accompanied by a spectrogram and location data on a map displaying geographical variation xeno cantoType of siteAudio clip sharingAvailable inEnglish Dutch PolishURLwww wbr xeno canto wbr orgCommercialNoRegistrationOptionalLaunchedMay 30 2005 16 years ago 2005 05 30 1 Current statusActive Data from xeno canto has been re used in many a few thousand scientific papers 3 4 5 6 It has also been the source of data for an annual challenge on automatic birdsong recognition BirdCLEF since 2014 conducted as part of the Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum 7 The website is supported by a number of academic and birdwatching institutions worldwide with its primary support being in the Netherlands 8 Contents 1 History 2 Growth 3 Goals 4 References 5 External linksHistory Editxeno canto which translates to strange sound is a sounds only project seeking to highlight sounds of birds rather than images or videos xeno canto was launched on May 30 2005 by Bob Planque a mathematical biologist at VU University Amsterdam and Willem Pier Vellinga a physicist who now consults for a global materials technology company 9 At the time of the launch the site held recordings of only about 160 species and originally aimed to collect recordings of birds from Central and South America 1 Growth Editxeno canto has now become global expanding its coverage to North America Africa and Asia and finally to Europe and Australasia By 2017 the data collection showed significant growth containing about 360 000 recordings of about 9 750 bird species which is nearly 90 percent of all bird species 9 10 Nevertheless the collection is still far from complete There are about 1 000 missing species and for many species there are only a few recordings meaning they lack the variation in repertoire and dialect that the species display 9 Goals Editxeno canto aims to utilize the capabilities of the internet to improve the general popularity accessibility and knowledge of bird sounds 1 So far the recordings on xeno canto have seen use in a variety of different ways including being featured on the Aviation Information System of India 11 contributing to the STERNA project 12 and being included in a Norwegian University s database 13 Since its founding the website has set a number of set principles in order to keep the service community driven 1 These principles include Anybody can contribute to the project Aside from a few restrictions on the file size users can upload any bird sound they find interesting On top of uploading recordings users can also write articles comment on recording achievements and even contribute to the website s code Recordings are shared The Creative Commons licenses implemented by the website promote sharing 14 The bird sounds uploaded are intended to be re used Users can download individual recordings found when browsing or access the entire collection s database Recordings can be challenged Fellow users can flag a recording as having an incorrect identification The recording is then reviewed until agreed upon by the community and the flag is reset by administrators This process can vary in length but most often takes a few days 10 References Edit a b c d e About Xeno Canto xeno canto Retrieved 2019 04 16 Terms of Use xeno canto Retrieved 2013 01 07 Brumm H amp Naguib M 2009 Environmental acoustics and the evolution of bird song Advances in the Study of Behavior 40 1 33 doi 10 1016 S0065 3454 09 40001 9 Weir J T amp Wheatcroft D 2011 A latitudinal gradient in rates of evolution of avian syllable diversity and song length Proceedings of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences 278 1712 1713 1720 doi 10 1098 rspb 2010 2037 PMC 3081773 PMID 21068034 Stowell D F amp Plumbley M D 2014 Automatic large scale classification of bird sounds is strongly improved by unsupervised feature learning PeerJ 2 e488 arXiv 1405 6524 Bibcode 2014arXiv1405 6524S doi 10 7717 peerj 488 PMC 4106198 PMID 25083350 Stowell D F Musevic S Bonada J amp Plumbley M D 2013 Improved multiple birdsong tracking with distribution derivative method and Markov renewal process clustering 2013 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing 468 472 arXiv 1302 3462 Bibcode 2013arXiv1302 3462S doi 10 1109 ICASSP 2013 6637691 hdl 10230 41749 ISBN 978 1 4799 0356 6 S2CID 3539066 BirdCLEF 2019 webpage Colophon and Credits xeno canto Retrieved 2013 01 07 a b c Science The Guardian the Guardian Retrieved 2021 03 15 a b www xeno canto org a decade on About AVIS IBIS IBIS Retrieved 2021 03 15 Members www sterna net eu Retrieved 2021 03 15 Linnet Linaria cannabina gt Crossbill Linaria cannabina BirdID s Bird Guide Nord University Birdid www birdid no Retrieved 2021 03 15 When we share everyone wins Creative Commons Retrieved 2021 03 15 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Xeno canto Wikidata has the property Xeno canto species ID P2426 see uses Xeno canto Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Xeno canto amp oldid 1045228031, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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