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Wikipedia

Xenophon Zolotas

Xenophon Euthymiou Zolotas (Greek:Ξενοφών Ζολώτας, 26 April 1904 – 10 June 2004) was a Greek economist and served as an interim non-party Prime Minister of Greece.

Xenophon Zolotas
Ξενοφών Ζολώτας
Prime Minister of Greece
In office
23 November 1989 – 11 April 1990
PresidentChristos Sartzetakis
Preceded byIoannis Grivas
Succeeded byKonstantinos Mitsotakis
Governor of the Bank of Greece
In office
27 November 1974 – 29 October 1981
Preceded byPanagotis Papaligouras
Succeeded byGerasimos Arsenis
In office
5 February 1955 – 5 August 1967
Preceded byGeorgios Mantzavinos
Succeeded byDimitrios N. Galanis
In office
12 October 1944 – 8 January 1945
Preceded byTheodoros Tourkovasilis
Succeeded byKyriakos Varvaresos
Personal details
Born
Xenophon Euthymiou Zolotas
(1904-04-26)26 April 1904
Athens, Greece
Died10 June 2004(2004-06-10) (aged 100)
Athens, Greece
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Lola Zolotas (died 2016)
Alma materUniversity of Athens
Leipzig University
University of Paris

Contents

Born in Athens on 26 April 1904, Zolotas studied economics at the University of Athens, and later studied at the Leipzig University in Germany and the University of Paris in France. He came from a wealthy family of goldsmiths with roots in pre-revolutionary Russia. In 1928 he became Professor of Economics at Athens University and at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, a post he held until 1968, when he resigned in protest at the military regime which had come to power in 1967. He was a member of the Board of Directors of UNRRA in 1946 and held senior posts in the International Monetary Fund and other international organisations in 1946 and 1981.

Zolotas was director of the Bank of Greece in 1944–1945, 1955–1967 (when he resigned in protest at the regime), and 1974–1981. He published many works on Greek and international economic topics. He was a Keynesian, and was active in socialist circles with his close friend, Professor Angelos Angelopoulos. He is also famous for demonstrating the contribution of Greek language to the English vocabulary by making English speeches, as he said, "using with the exception of articles and prepositions only Greek words", to foreign audiences.

When the elections of November 1989 failed to give a majority to either the PASOK party of Andreas Papandreou or the New Democracy party of Constantine Mitsotakis, Zolotas, then aged 85, agreed to become Prime Minister at head of a non-party administration until fresh elections could be held. He stepped down after the election of April 1990 which gave Mitsotakis a narrow majority.

He was a workaholic and an avid winter swimmer, making a point of swimming every morning throughout the year even into his nineties.

His book Economic Growth and Declining Social Welfare advances the idea that in modern economic growth there is an increasing output of useless and even discomforting things, such as advertising. For that reason modern economic growth cannot be at all considered as creating conditions for further human happiness, a thesis quite in agreement with ideas by authors such as Richard Easterlin or Herman Daly.

Zolotas died on 10 June 2004 at the age of 100. He is buried in the First Cemetery of Athens. From 31 October 2002, when former Greek President Michail Stasinopoulos died until his own death, Zolotas was the world's oldest living former head of state.

Two of his speeches in English at the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development are considered to be historic and notable because they contained mainly terms of Greek origin. Here are the texts:

1957

I always wished to address this Assembly in Greek, but realized that it would have been indeed "Greek" to all present in this room. I found out, however, that I could make my address in Greek which would still be English to everybody. With your permission, Mr. Chairman, I shall do it now, using with the exception of articles and prepositions, only Greek words.

Kyrie, I eulogize the archons of the Panethnic Numismatic Thesaurus and the Ecumenical Trapeza for the orthodoxy of their axioms, methods and policies, although there is an episode of cacophony of the Trapeza with Hellas. With enthusiasm we dialogue and synagonize at the synods of our didymous organizations in which polymorphous economic ideas and dogmas are analyzed and synthesized. Our critical problems such as the numismatic plethora generate some agony and melancholy. This phenomenon is characteristic of our epoch. But, to my thesis, we have the dynamism to program therapeutic practices as a prophylaxis from chaos and catastrophe. In parallel, a Panethnic unhypocritical economic synergy and harmonization in a democratic climate is basic. I apologize for my eccentric monologue. I emphasize my euharistia to you, Kyrie to the eugenic and generous American Ethnos and to the organizers and protagonists of his Amphictyony and the gastronomic symposia.

1959

Kyrie, it is Zeus' anathema on our epoch for the dynamism of our economies and the heresy of our economic methods and policies that we should agonize the Scylla of numismatic plethora and the Charybdis of economic anaemia. It is not my idiosyncrasy to be ironic or sarcastic, but my diagnosis would be that politicians are rather cryptoplethorists. Although they emphatically stigmatize numismatic plethora, they energize it through their tactics and practices. Our policies have to be based more on economic and less on political criteria. Our gnomon has to be a metron between political, strategic and philanthropic scopes. Political magic has always been anti-economic. In an epoch characterized by monopolies, oligopolies, monopsonies, monopolistic antagonism and polymorphous inelasticities, our policies have to be more orthological. But this should not be metamorphosed into plethorophobia, which is endemic among academic economists. Numismatic symmetry should not hyper-antagonize economic acme. A greater harmonization between the practices of the economic and numismatic archons is basic. Parallel to this, we have to synchronize and harmonize more and more our economic and numismatic policies panethnically. These scopes are more practicable now, when the prognostics of the political and economic barometer are halcyonic. The history of our didymus organizations in this sphere has been didactic and their gnostic practices will always be a tonic to the polyonymous and idiomorphous ethnical economies. The genesis of the programmed organization will dynamize these policies. Therefore, I sympathize, although not without criticism on one or two themes, with the apostles and the hierarchy of our organs in their zeal to program orthodox economic and numismatic policies, although I have some logomachy with them. I apologize for having tyrannized you with my Hellenic phraseology. In my epilogue, I emphasize my eulogy to the philoxenous autochthons of this cosmopolitan metropolis and my encomium to you, Kyrie, and the stenographers.

  1. "Xenophon Euthymiou Zolotas (1904-2004) - Find A".
  2. "Έφυγε από τη ζωή η Λόλα Ζολώτα". 17 February 2016.
  3. "Xenophon Euthymiou Zolotas (1904-2004) - Find A".
  4. "Ξενοφών Ζολώτας - Ιστορικοί Περίπατοι". Istorikoiperipatoi.gr. Retrieved26 November 2017.
  5. "Ξενοφών Ζολώτας: Ο Σπερχειαδίτης πού έφτασε στην "κορυφή" της Ελλάδας καί της Ευρώπης :: Σπερχειός OnLine-Ενημέρωση Δυτικής Φθιώτιδας". Sperchios.com. Retrieved26 November 2017.
  6. Lentz, Harris M. (4 February 2014). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. p. 337. ISBN 978-1-134-26490-2.
  7. Zolotas, Xenophon. Economic Growth and Declining Social Welfare. New York: New York University Press, 1981.
  8. "Κυβέρνηση Οικουμενική Ξενοφών Ζολώτας Νοέμβριος 1989 - Απρίλιος 1990". Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved17 March 2017.
  9. "Former PM Xenophon Zolotas dies, aged 100 - Kathimerini". Ekathimerini.com. Retrieved26 November 2017.
  10. Aspden, Peter (23 April 2010). "Outside Edge: It’s all Greek to the bond markets". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
Government offices
Preceded by
Governor of the Bank of Greece
1944–1945
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Governor of the Bank of Greece
1955–1967
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Governor of the Bank of Greece
1974–1981
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Prime Minister of Greece
1989–1990
Succeeded by

Xenophon Zolotas
Xenophon Zolotas Language Watch Edit Xenophon Euthymiou Zolotas 3 Greek 3enofwn Zolwtas 26 April 1904 10 June 2004 was a Greek economist and served as an interim non party Prime Minister of Greece Xenophon Zolotas 3enofwn ZolwtasPrime Minister of GreeceIn office 23 November 1989 11 April 1990PresidentChristos SartzetakisPreceded byIoannis GrivasSucceeded byKonstantinos MitsotakisGovernor of the Bank of GreeceIn office 27 November 1974 29 October 1981Preceded byPanagotis PapaligourasSucceeded byGerasimos ArsenisIn office 5 February 1955 5 August 1967Preceded byGeorgios MantzavinosSucceeded byDimitrios N GalanisIn office 12 October 1944 8 January 1945Preceded byTheodoros TourkovasilisSucceeded byKyriakos VarvaresosPersonal detailsBornXenophon Euthymiou Zolotas 1 1904 04 26 26 April 1904 Athens GreeceDied10 June 2004 2004 06 10 aged 100 Athens GreecePolitical partyIndependentSpouse s Lola Zolotas died 2016 2 Alma materUniversity of Athens Leipzig University University of Paris Contents 1 Life and career 2 Speeches 2 1 1957 2 2 1959 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksLife and career EditBorn in Athens on 26 April 1904 4 5 Zolotas studied economics at the University of Athens and later studied at the Leipzig University in Germany and the University of Paris in France 6 He came from a wealthy family of goldsmiths with roots in pre revolutionary Russia In 1928 he became Professor of Economics at Athens University and at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki a post he held until 1968 when he resigned in protest at the military regime which had come to power in 1967 He was a member of the Board of Directors of UNRRA in 1946 and held senior posts in the International Monetary Fund and other international organisations in 1946 and 1981 Zolotas was director of the Bank of Greece in 1944 1945 1955 1967 when he resigned in protest at the regime and 1974 1981 He published many works on Greek and international economic topics He was a Keynesian and was active in socialist circles with his close friend Professor Angelos Angelopoulos He is also famous for demonstrating the contribution of Greek language to the English vocabulary by making English speeches as he said using with the exception of articles and prepositions only Greek words to foreign audiences When the elections of November 1989 failed to give a majority to either the PASOK party of Andreas Papandreou or the New Democracy party of Constantine Mitsotakis Zolotas then aged 85 agreed to become Prime Minister at head of a non party administration until fresh elections could be held He stepped down after the election of April 1990 which gave Mitsotakis a narrow majority He was a workaholic and an avid winter swimmer making a point of swimming every morning throughout the year even into his nineties His book Economic Growth and Declining Social Welfare 7 advances the idea that in modern economic growth there is an increasing output of useless and even discomforting things such as advertising For that reason modern economic growth cannot be at all considered as creating conditions for further human happiness a thesis quite in agreement with ideas by authors such as Richard Easterlin or Herman Daly Zolotas died on 10 June 2004 at the age of 100 8 9 He is buried in the First Cemetery of Athens From 31 October 2002 when former Greek President Michail Stasinopoulos died until his own death Zolotas was the world s oldest living former head of state Speeches EditTwo of his speeches in English at the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development are considered to be historic and notable because they contained mainly terms of Greek origin 10 Here are the texts 1957 Edit I always wished to address this Assembly in Greek but realized that it would have been indeed Greek to all present in this room I found out however that I could make my address in Greek which would still be English to everybody With your permission Mr Chairman I shall do it now using with the exception of articles and prepositions only Greek words Kyrie I eulogize the archons of the Panethnic Numismatic Thesaurus and the Ecumenical Trapeza for the orthodoxy of their axioms methods and policies although there is an episode of cacophony of the Trapeza with Hellas With enthusiasm we dialogue and synagonize at the synods of our didymous organizations in which polymorphous economic ideas and dogmas are analyzed and synthesized Our critical problems such as the numismatic plethora generate some agony and melancholy This phenomenon is characteristic of our epoch But to my thesis we have the dynamism to program therapeutic practices as a prophylaxis from chaos and catastrophe In parallel a Panethnic unhypocritical economic synergy and harmonization in a democratic climate is basic I apologize for my eccentric monologue I emphasize my euharistia to you Kyrie to the eugenic and generous American Ethnos and to the organizers and protagonists of his Amphictyony and the gastronomic symposia 1959 Edit Kyrie it is Zeus anathema on our epoch for the dynamism of our economies and the heresy of our economic methods and policies that we should agonize the Scylla of numismatic plethora and the Charybdis of economic anaemia It is not my idiosyncrasy to be ironic or sarcastic but my diagnosis would be that politicians are rather cryptoplethorists Although they emphatically stigmatize numismatic plethora they energize it through their tactics and practices Our policies have to be based more on economic and less on political criteria Our gnomon has to be a metron between political strategic and philanthropic scopes Political magic has always been anti economic In an epoch characterized by monopolies oligopolies monopsonies monopolistic antagonism and polymorphous inelasticities our policies have to be more orthological But this should not be metamorphosed into plethorophobia which is endemic among academic economists Numismatic symmetry should not hyper antagonize economic acme A greater harmonization between the practices of the economic and numismatic archons is basic Parallel to this we have to synchronize and harmonize more and more our economic and numismatic policies panethnically These scopes are more practicable now when the prognostics of the political and economic barometer are halcyonic The history of our didymus organizations in this sphere has been didactic and their gnostic practices will always be a tonic to the polyonymous and idiomorphous ethnical economies The genesis of the programmed organization will dynamize these policies Therefore I sympathize although not without criticism on one or two themes with the apostles and the hierarchy of our organs in their zeal to program orthodox economic and numismatic policies although I have some logomachy with them I apologize for having tyrannized you with my Hellenic phraseology In my epilogue I emphasize my eulogy to the philoxenous autochthons of this cosmopolitan metropolis and my encomium to you Kyrie and the stenographers See also EditList of Prime Ministers of Greece English words of Greek originReferences Edit Xenophon Euthymiou Zolotas 1904 2004 Find A Efyge apo th zwh h Lola Zolwta 17 February 2016 Xenophon Euthymiou Zolotas 1904 2004 Find A 3enofwn Zolwtas Istorikoi Peripatoi Istorikoiperipatoi gr Retrieved 26 November 2017 3enofwn Zolwtas O Sperxeiadiths poy eftase sthn koryfh ths Elladas kai ths Eyrwphs Sperxeios OnLine Enhmerwsh Dytikhs F8iwtidas Sperchios com Retrieved 26 November 2017 Lentz Harris M 4 February 2014 Heads of States and Governments Since 1945 Routledge p 337 ISBN 978 1 134 26490 2 Zolotas Xenophon Economic Growth and Declining Social Welfare New York New York University Press 1981 Kybernhsh Oikoymenikh 3enofwn Zolwtas Noembrios 1989 Aprilios 1990 Archived from the original on 18 March 2017 Retrieved 17 March 2017 Former PM Xenophon Zolotas dies aged 100 Kathimerini Ekathimerini com Retrieved 26 November 2017 Aspden Peter 23 April 2010 Outside Edge It s all Greek to the bond markets Financial Times ISSN 0307 1766 Retrieved 2016 03 24 External links EditZolotas speechesGovernment officesPreceded by Theodoros Tourkovasilis Governor of the Bank of Greece 1944 1945 Succeeded by Kyriakos VarvaresosPreceded by Giorgios Mantzavinos Governor of the Bank of Greece 1955 1967 Succeeded by Dimitrios N GelanisPreceded by Panagotis Papaligouras Governor of the Bank of Greece 1974 1981 Succeeded by Gerasimos ArsenisPolitical officesPreceded by Ioannis Grivas Prime Minister of Greece 1989 1990 Succeeded by Konstantinos Mitsotakis Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Xenophon Zolotas amp oldid 1050214647, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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