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Xi Jinping's cult of personality

A cult of personality has been developing around Xi Jinping since he became General Secretary of the ruling Chinese Communist Party and the regime’s paramount leader in 2012.

Portrait of Xi in Beijing, September 2015
"Grateful to the General Secretary, Endeavoring towards a New Era", a Big-character poster slogan in Chun'an

After Deng Xiaoping started the Chinese economic reforms and introduced the concept of collective leadership in the late 1970s, there was no longer a cult of personality around Chinese leaders. When Xi came to power in 2012, he started centralizing power and paved the way for a cult of personality.

The Chinese Communist Party has denied that there was any cult of personality. Xie Chuntao, director of the government-funded Central Party School's academic department, claimed the “respect and love” ordinary Chinese felt for Xi was “natural” and “heartfelt” and bore no similarities to a cult of personality.

Since Xi assumed power in 2012, books, cartoons, pop songs and dance routines have honoured his rule. In 2017, the local government of the Jiangxi province told Christians to replace their pictures of Jesus with Xi Jinping.

Writing in the Sydney Morning Herald, Philip Wen notes that “perhaps the most stunning characteristic shared with Mao has been a growing personality cult around Xi fanned by the central propaganda department, which has produced some jarring results: newspaper front-pages dominated by Xi's every move, saccharine music videos professing love and loyalty to the leader.” In May 2016, just prior to the 50th anniversary celebration of Mao's Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, a “Mao-themed revival show” at the Great Hall of the People featuring revolutionary “red songs” was designed to generate nostalgia for the Mao era, with “giant images of Mao and Xi projected on stage.”

Xi claimed that he carried bags of 110 kilograms of wheat over 3 miles of mountain road without changing shoulder, a feat deemed extraordinary and broadcast by China Central Television during what was described as an image-crafting campaign.

When he was re-elected in 2017, Xi dominated the front page of the People's Daily compared to previous editions, which emphasized a “collective leadership” model.

The political ideology bearing his name, Xi Jinping Thought, was enshrined into the Communist Party's constitution in the 19th National Congress in October 2017 and into the state constitution in 2018. CCTV also showed members of the National People's Congress "crying in happiness" because of Xi Jinping's re-election as president in 2018.

Since October 2017, many universities across China have placed “Xi Jinping Thought” at the core of their curricula, the first time since Mao Zedong that a Chinese leader has been accorded similar academic stature. Fudan University revised their charter to remove "academic independence and freedom of thought" and include a "pledge to follow the Communist party's leadership", leading to protests among the students. It also said that Fudan University had to “equip its teachers and employees” with “Xi Jinping Thought”, leading to concerns about the diminishing academic freedom of Fudan.

Former inmates in the Xinjiang re-education camps claimed that they were forced to give thanks to the leader by chanting "Long live Xi Jinping."

In October 2018, Hunan TV started airing a game show about Xi Jinping and his ideology. In January 2019, Alibaba released a mobile app for studying Xi Jinping Thought named Xuexi Qiangguo. Within two months of its release, it was downloaded 73 million times.[better source needed]

Apps such as Toutiao, Tencent, and Sina have been forced to use what has been described as "a super algorithm", where the story at the top "has to be about Xi".

Portraits of Mao Zedong and Xi Jinping

There are souvenirs containing Xi Jinping's images throughout shops in China.

On 15 June 2020, Xi's birthday, Study Times (学习时报), the media run by the Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party, labelled Xi Jinping Thought as "21st Century Marxism". It claimed that Xi Jinping Thought was the only scientific method to explain the Chinese Miracle in the 21st century. It also claimed to provide the "solution for the modern problems of humankind" and claimed that socialism was better than capitalism.

In October 2017 the party's Politburo named Xi Jinping lingxiu (领袖), a reverent term for "leader" and a title previously only given to Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Zedong and his immediate successor Hua Guofeng. He is also sometimes called the "Great Helmsman" (大舵手), and in July 2018 Li Zhanshu, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, referred to Xi as the "eternal core" of the party. On 25 December 2019, the politburo officially named Xi as "People's Leader" (人民领袖; rénmín lǐngxiù), a title only Mao held previously.

  1. The paper is an official newspaper of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party.
  1. "The rise of the personality cult of Xi Jinping- La Croix International". international.la-croix.com. 3 March 2015. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  2. Zhu, Jiayang Fan, Taisu Zhang, Ying. "Behind the Personality Cult of Xi Jinping". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  3. "Xi Jinping Personality Cult". www.globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  4. "The worrying buildup of a personality cult around Xi: The Yomiuri Shimbun". The Straits Times. 30 January 2018. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  5. "The power of Xi Jinping". The Economist. 18 September 2014. ISSN 0013-0613. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  6. "China 'won't allow' a Mao-style cult of personality around Xi". South China Morning Post. 6 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 August 2019. Retrieved18 August 2019.
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  8. "No cult of personality around Xi, says top China party academic". Reuters. 6 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 August 2019. Retrieved18 August 2019.
  9. Phillips, Tom (19 September 2015). "Xi Jinping: Does China truly love 'Big Daddy Xi' – or fear him?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 27 April 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  10. "Replace pictures of Jesus with Xi to escape poverty, Chinese villagers urged". South China Morning Post. 14 November 2017. Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  11. Denyer, Simon (14 November 2017). "Jesus won't save you - President Xi Jinping will, Chinese Christians told". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 31 May 2019. Retrieved7 September 2019.
  12. Haas, Benjamin (28 September 2018). "'We are scared, but we have Jesus': China and its war on Christianity". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 23 August 2019. Retrieved7 September 2019.
  13. Wen, Philip. (13 May 2016). China's Great Leap Backwards: Xi Jinping and the cult of Mao. Sydney Morning Herald.
  14. "初心·梁家河篇_新闻_央视网(cctv.com)". m.news.cctv.com.
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  16. Hernández, Javier C.; Carlsen, Audrey (9 November 2017). "Why Xi Jinping's (Airbrushed) Face Is Plastered All Over China". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved3 June 2020.
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  18. "China to enshrine Xi's thought into state constitution amid..." Reuters. 19 January 2018. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
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  20. "In China, universities seek to plant 'Xi Thought' in minds of students". Reuters. 22 June 2018. Archived from the original on 1 August 2019. Retrieved1 August 2019.
  21. "Students protest at Shanghai's Fudan University". Asia Times. 19 December 2019. Retrieved19 December 2019. A video circulating this week showed students at Shanghai’s Fudan University singing the school song – which extols "academic independence and freedom of thought" – in an apparent protest.{...}Besides removing "freedom of thought", the ministry adds to the charter "arming the minds of teachers and students with Xi Jinping’s new era of socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics". It also obliges faculty and students to adhere to "core socialist values" and build a "harmonious" campus environment – a code phrase for the elimination of anti-government sentiment.
  22. 復旦大學章程刪除思想自由 學生唱校歌抗議要求學術獨立[影]. Central News Agency (in Chinese). 18 December 2019. Retrieved19 December 2019.
  23. "Freedom curbs raise academic collaboration uncertainty". University World News. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  24. "Chinese Universities Are Enshrining Communist Party Control In Their Charters". NPR.org. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  25. Goldfarb, Kara (18 May 2018). "China Has Been Forcing Muslims To Drink Alcohol And Eat Pork In "Reeducation Camps"". All That's Interesting. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved1 August 2019.
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  29. Kuo, Mercy A. (7 December 2017). "China's Media Market Competition". thediplomat.com. Archived from the original on 4 December 2017. Retrieved2 June 2020. The state also imposes what I call “a super algorithm” on these platforms – the story at the very top of every news website and news app has to be about Xi Jinping.
  30. "習近平新時代中國特色社會主義思想是21世紀馬克思主義--理論-人民網". theory.people.com.cn. Retrieved30 June 2020.
  31. "Why China is reviving Mao's grandiose title for Xi Jinping". South China Morning Post. 28 October 2017. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  32. "Xi Jinping is no longer any old leader". The Economist. 17 February 2018. ISSN 0013-0613. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  33. "With tears and song, China welcomes Xi as great, wise leader". Reuters. 20 October 2017. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved26 July 2019.
  34. Lam, Willy Wo-lap (1 August 2018). "Xi's Grip Loosens Amid Trade War Policy Paralysis". The Jamestown Foundation. Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved29 July 2019.
  35. Nakazawa, Katsuji (9 January 2020). "China crowns Xi with special title, citing rare crisis". Nikkei Asian Review. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved10 January 2020.

Xi Jinping's cult of personality
Xi Jinping s cult of personality Language Watch Edit A cult of personality has been developing around Xi Jinping since he became General Secretary of the ruling Chinese Communist Party and the regime s paramount leader in 2012 1 2 3 4 5 Portrait of Xi in Beijing September 2015 Grateful to the General Secretary Endeavoring towards a New Era a Big character poster slogan in Chun anBackground EditAfter Deng Xiaoping started the Chinese economic reforms and introduced the concept of collective leadership in the late 1970s there was no longer a cult of personality around Chinese leaders 6 When Xi came to power in 2012 he started centralizing power and paved the way for a cult of personality 7 The Chinese Communist Party has denied that there was any cult of personality Xie Chuntao director of the government funded Central Party School s academic department claimed the respect and love ordinary Chinese felt for Xi was natural and heartfelt and bore no similarities to a cult of personality 6 8 Characteristics EditSince Xi assumed power in 2012 books cartoons pop songs and dance routines have honoured his rule 9 In 2017 the local government of the Jiangxi province told Christians to replace their pictures of Jesus with Xi Jinping 10 11 12 Writing in the Sydney Morning Herald Philip Wen notes that perhaps the most stunning characteristic shared with Mao has been a growing personality cult around Xi fanned by the central propaganda department which has produced some jarring results newspaper front pages dominated by Xi s every move saccharine music videos professing love and loyalty to the leader 13 In May 2016 just prior to the 50th anniversary celebration of Mao s Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution a Mao themed revival show at the Great Hall of the People featuring revolutionary red songs was designed to generate nostalgia for the Mao era with giant images of Mao and Xi projected on stage 13 Xi claimed that he carried bags of 110 kilograms of wheat over 3 miles of mountain road without changing shoulder 14 a feat deemed extraordinary 15 and broadcast by China Central Television during what was described as an image crafting campaign 15 When he was re elected in 2017 Xi dominated the front page of the People s Daily a compared to previous editions which emphasized a collective leadership model 16 The political ideology bearing his name Xi Jinping Thought was enshrined into the Communist Party s constitution in the 19th National Congress in October 2017 17 and into the state constitution in 2018 18 CCTV also showed members of the National People s Congress crying in happiness because of Xi Jinping s re election as president in 2018 19 Since October 2017 many universities across China have placed Xi Jinping Thought at the core of their curricula the first time since Mao Zedong that a Chinese leader has been accorded similar academic stature 20 Fudan University revised their charter to remove academic independence and freedom of thought and include a pledge to follow the Communist party s leadership leading to protests among the students 21 22 It also said that Fudan University had to equip its teachers and employees with Xi Jinping Thought leading to concerns about the diminishing academic freedom of Fudan 23 24 Former inmates in the Xinjiang re education camps claimed that they were forced to give thanks to the leader by chanting Long live Xi Jinping 25 In October 2018 Hunan TV started airing a game show about Xi Jinping and his ideology 26 In January 2019 Alibaba released a mobile app for studying Xi Jinping Thought named Xuexi Qiangguo Within two months of its release it was downloaded 73 million times 27 better source needed Apps such as Toutiao Tencent and Sina have been forced to use what has been described as a super algorithm where the story at the top has to be about Xi 28 29 Portraits of Mao Zedong and Xi Jinping There are souvenirs containing Xi Jinping s images throughout shops in China On 15 June 2020 Xi s birthday Study Times 学习时报 the media run by the Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party labelled Xi Jinping Thought as 21st Century Marxism 30 It claimed that Xi Jinping Thought was the only scientific method to explain the Chinese Miracle in the 21st century It also claimed to provide the solution for the modern problems of humankind and claimed that socialism was better than capitalism In October 2017 the party s Politburo named Xi Jinping lingxiu 领袖 a reverent term for leader and a title previously only given to Chiang Kai shek Mao Zedong and his immediate successor Hua Guofeng 31 32 33 He is also sometimes called the Great Helmsman 大舵手 19 and in July 2018 Li Zhanshu the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People s Congress referred to Xi as the eternal core of the party 34 On 25 December 2019 the politburo officially named Xi as People s Leader 人民领袖 renmin lǐngxiu a title only Mao held previously 35 See also EditCult of personality Mao Zedong s cult of personality North Korean cult of personality Nicolae Ceaușescu s cult of personality Joseph Stalin s cult of personality Xi Jinping Thought Accelerator in ChiefNotes Edit The paper is an official newspaper of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party References Edit The rise of the personality cult of Xi Jinping La Croix International international la croix com 3 March 2015 Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 Zhu Jiayang Fan Taisu Zhang Ying Behind the Personality Cult of Xi Jinping Foreign Policy Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 Xi Jinping Personality Cult www globalsecurity org Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 The worrying buildup of a personality cult around Xi The Yomiuri Shimbun The Straits Times 30 January 2018 Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 The power of Xi Jinping The Economist 18 September 2014 ISSN 0013 0613 Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 a b China won t allow a Mao style cult of personality around Xi South China Morning Post 6 November 2017 Archived from the original on 18 August 2019 Retrieved 18 August 2019 Zhu Jiayang Fan Taisu Zhang Ying Behind the Personality Cult of Xi Jinping Foreign Policy Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 18 August 2019 No cult of personality around Xi says top China party academic Reuters 6 November 2017 Archived from the original on 18 August 2019 Retrieved 18 August 2019 Phillips Tom 19 September 2015 Xi Jinping Does China truly love Big Daddy Xi or fear him The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Archived from the original on 27 April 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 Replace pictures of Jesus with Xi to escape poverty Chinese villagers urged South China Morning Post 14 November 2017 Archived from the original on 17 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 Denyer Simon 14 November 2017 Jesus won t save you President Xi Jinping will Chinese Christians told The Washington Post Archived from the original on 31 May 2019 Retrieved 7 September 2019 Haas Benjamin 28 September 2018 We are scared but we have Jesus China and its war on Christianity The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Archived from the original on 23 August 2019 Retrieved 7 September 2019 a b Wen Philip 13 May 2016 China s Great Leap Backwards Xi Jinping and the cult of Mao Sydney Morning Herald 初心 梁家河篇 新闻 央视网 cctv com m news cctv com a b Drawing the News Xi s 100 Kilos of Grain Updated China Digital Times CDT 21 March 2017 Hernandez Javier C Carlsen Audrey 9 November 2017 Why Xi Jinping s Airbrushed Face Is Plastered All Over China The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved 3 June 2020 Xi Jinping s political thought to be added to party charter South China Morning Post 18 September 2017 Archived from the original on 23 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 China to enshrine Xi s thought into state constitution amid Reuters 19 January 2018 Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 a b An oath and tears of joy in the Great Hall of the People Top News SupChina 19 March 2018 Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 In China universities seek to plant Xi Thought in minds of students Reuters 22 June 2018 Archived from the original on 1 August 2019 Retrieved 1 August 2019 Students protest at Shanghai s Fudan University Asia Times 19 December 2019 Retrieved 19 December 2019 A video circulating this week showed students at Shanghai s Fudan University singing the school song which extols academic independence and freedom of thought in an apparent protest Besides removing freedom of thought the ministry adds to the charter arming the minds of teachers and students with Xi Jinping s new era of socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics It also obliges faculty and students to adhere to core socialist values and build a harmonious campus environment a code phrase for the elimination of anti government sentiment 復旦大學章程刪除思想自由 學生唱校歌抗議要求學術獨立 影 Central News Agency in Chinese 18 December 2019 Retrieved 19 December 2019 Freedom curbs raise academic collaboration uncertainty University World News Retrieved 30 June 2020 Chinese Universities Are Enshrining Communist Party Control In Their Charters NPR org Retrieved 30 June 2020 Goldfarb Kara 18 May 2018 China Has Been Forcing Muslims To Drink Alcohol And Eat Pork In Reeducation Camps All That s Interesting Archived from the original on 2 April 2019 Retrieved 1 August 2019 bureau Beijing 4 October 2018 China has made a game show about its president Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 Li Audrey Jiajia 4 April 2019 Opinion Uber but for Xi Jinping The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on 16 June 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 Investigative Journalism in China Is Struggling to Survive Freedom House Archived from the original on 6 May 2020 Retrieved 2 June 2020 Kuo Mercy A 7 December 2017 China s Media Market Competition thediplomat com Archived from the original on 4 December 2017 Retrieved 2 June 2020 The state also imposes what I call a super algorithm on these platforms the story at the very top of every news website and news app has to be about Xi Jinping 習近平新時代中國特色社會主義思想是21世紀馬克思主義 理論 人民網 theory people com cn Retrieved 30 June 2020 Why China is reviving Mao s grandiose title for Xi Jinping South China Morning Post 28 October 2017 Archived from the original on 24 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 Xi Jinping is no longer any old leader The Economist 17 February 2018 ISSN 0013 0613 Archived from the original on 24 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 With tears and song China welcomes Xi as great wise leader Reuters 20 October 2017 Archived from the original on 26 July 2019 Retrieved 26 July 2019 Lam Willy Wo lap 1 August 2018 Xi s Grip Loosens Amid Trade War Policy Paralysis The Jamestown Foundation Archived from the original on 29 July 2019 Retrieved 29 July 2019 Nakazawa Katsuji 9 January 2020 China crowns Xi with special title citing rare crisis Nikkei Asian Review Archived from the original on 9 January 2020 Retrieved 10 January 2020 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Xi Jinping 27s cult of personality amp oldid 1053351075, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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