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Xu Shiyou

In this Chinese name, the family name is Xu.

Xu Shiyou (Chinese:许世友; pinyin: Xǔ Shìyǒu; Wade–Giles: Hsü Shih-yu; 1905–1985) was a general in the Chinese People's Liberation Army.

Xu Shiyou
许世友
Personal details
Born1905
Xinxian, Henan, Qing China
Died1985 (aged 79–80)
Nanjing, People's Republic of China
Political partyCommunist Party of China (1927–1985)
Military service
Branch/service People's Liberation Army
RankGeneral of People's Liberation Army

Contents

Born in Xinxian, Henan Province (it belonged to Hubei previously), Xu grew up studying martial arts at the Shaolin Temple for eight years and he later became a soldier in Wu Peifu's warlord army.[which?] After having served as a lieutenant in the Kuomintang army, he joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1927.

Xu first emerged in the annals of Chinese military history in Hubei in 1927, as part of a nascent military unit that included future generals Qin Jiwei and Chen Zaidao. In 1932, he commanded the 34th Regiment, 12th Division of the Fourth Front Army led by future Marshall Xu Xiangqian. His deputy in the 25th Division, 9th Corps (which Xu later led) in 1933-36, Chen Xilian, later rose to serve on the Politburo Standing Committee during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. By the age of 29, Xu Shiyou commanded the Red 9th Corps of the Fourth Front Army.

Eight months after the First Front Army abandoned the Jiangxi Soviet and embarked on the Long March, it met up with Zhang Guotao’s Fourth Front Army, in June 1935 at Maogong, Sichuan. Zhang favored consolidating power in Sichuan whereas Mao Zedong wanted to continue on to Gansu and Ningxia, to receive aid from the Soviet Union. The compromise decision was to convene a conference, in July at Mao’ergai. Despite support from Liu Bocheng, Zhu De and other commanders, Mao would not be convinced. As a result, the Fourth Front Army was divided into a Left Column under Liu, Zhu and Zhang; and a Right Column under Xu Xiangqian. Xu Shiyou at the time commanded a cavalry regiment.

The Second Front Army, under He Long and Ren Bishi, and Xiao Ke's Sixth Front Army linked up with the Fourth Front Army in June 1936. Again dividing their forces, He Long took the Second on a northward line toward Gansu while Zhang led his forces somewhat west of that line. The result was that Zhang’s Fourth Front Army was battered by Nationalist and warlord troops, and arrived in Yenan in poor shape in October 1936. Zhang was forced to submit to Mao’s leadership.

In the first half of 1937, just prior to the formal beginning of the Sino-Japanese War, the purge of Zhang Guotao and his closest officers sparked turmoil within the party. Cadets of the Fourth Front Army studying at the Counter-Japanese Military and Political University (Kang Da), including Xu, confronted the party leadership over accusations that Zhang was disloyal.

In 1939, Xu Xiangqian led elements of the 129th Division – including Xu Shiyou and Han Xianchu – into western Shandong to recruit new soldiers. Xu Shiyou went on to serve as deputy commander of the 385th Brigade, 129th Division in eastern Shandong and expanded his forces into the 11th Army of Marshall Chen Yi’s Third Field Army. One of his key deputies during the war was Nie Fengzhi, who would later command the Chinese People's Volunteers Air Force during the Korean War. Xu remained in Shandong until 1954. In the fall of 1947, Xu commanded the East Front Army Corps of Chen Yi’s East China Field Army (later the 3rd Field Army); his political commissar, Tan Zhenlin, was one of the most powerful figures in East China. They took Jinan in September 1948.

At the end of the war, Xu’s forces found themselves in Shanghai, and he became a member of the East China Military and Administrative Committee under Chen Yi and Su Yu. As the Korean War unfolded, he moved into Shandong (assuming a seat on the local governing committee and the post of Military District Commander), to confront what was thought to be the risk of an American landing on Chinese soil. In Shandong, he worked closely with Gu Mu and Kang Sheng. Although Xu did not serve in Korea, his units did. In 1959, his 12th and 60th Corps returned from Korea to the Nanjing Military Region where they provided the power base he would enjoy well into the 1970s.

Xu served as Commander of the Nanjing Military Region (1954–74), first under East China Military and Administrative Committee chairman Rao Shushi, and then for ten years with Gang of Four member Zhang Chunqiao as his political commissar (1967–76). This assignment was the single longest tenure of any Military Region commander on record. Among his deputies during the 1960s were future regional leaders Sung Shilun, Wang Bicheng and Tan Qilong, As the armed forces were called in to restore administrative control, he became Chairman of the Jiangsu Province Revolutionary Committee (1968–74) and CCP First Secretary (1970–74). In the long-delayed military region reshuffle initiated under Deng Xiaoping, Xu was rotated to command the Guangzhou MR (1974–80). Xu and political commissar Wei Guoqing provided protection for Deng Xiaoping in 1976, when the future paramount leader was purged by the Gang of Four following the death of Zhou Enlai. Xu was also commander in chief for the Chinese forces in the Sino-Vietnamese War in 1979.

After being elected an Alternate Member of the 8th Central Committee in 1956, Xu Shiyou served in the Politburo of the 9th, 10th and 11th CCP Central Committees (1969–82). He was a Vice Minister of National Defense (1959–70) and a member of the National Defense Council (1965–75). From 1980, he was also a member of the Military Affairs Commission. In September 1982, Xu became the only military officer named a founding Vice Chairmen of the Central Advisory Commission.

Xu Shiyou married three times. His first wife was a traditional rural woman. The second wife, Li Mingzhen, was married to him in the E-Yu-Wan border region. Hist third and the last wife, Tian Pu, was married to him in Shandong during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). Both Li Mingzhen and Tian Pu are members of the People's Liberation Army. Tian died on June 30 2017.

  • In September 1926, Xu joined the Chinese Communist Youth League and go to Wuhan to participate in the National Revolutionary Army. Division 1 Group.
  • In August 1927, he joined the Red Army, served for Red Mountain Area 31 Division 2 team squad.
  • In November 1927, he was the platoon leader of Red Army 31 Division 4 Team 5 platoon.
  • In 1929, he was appointed a battalion regiment commander of 31 Division 1.
  • In April 1930, he served for Red Army regiment 12, division 34.
  • In July 1933, he was appointed Deputy Army and Chairman of Red 9 Jun 25 Division. Red Army commander, he Participated in the Long March.
  • In November 1936, he studied in Red Army college when they reached northern Shaanxi.
  • In 1938, he was Deputy Minister of Administrative Affairs. Anti-Japanese Military and Political University
  • In June 1939, he was the Deputy Brigade Commander of 129 Brigade Division 386 of The Eighth Route Army
  • In October 1939, he was in the Northern Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.
  • In September 1940, column of the Eighth Route Army 3rd Brigade of Shandong.
  • In February 1942, he was the Chief of Staff of Shandong column.
  • In 1942, he was appointed member of Shandong, Shandong Military Region Commander of the Regional party committee.
  • During the Liberation War, he served as regional party committee members Shandong, Shandong Military Region Commander.
  • In 1947, he was the Commander of the 9th column, East Field Army Corps, Shandong Corps Commander and was on Party Committee.
  • In March 1949, he was a member of Shandong Military Region Deputy Commander.
  • After the founding of the PRC, he was the Military Region Deputy Commander of Shandong branch of the CPC Central Committee.
  • From December 1949 to 1953, he was on the Huadong Military Committee.
  • From January 1950 to 1951, he was on CPC Central Committee, Shandong Branch Commission for Discipline Inspection.
  • From April 1950 to 1953, he was Shandong Military Region Commander.
  • From December 1952 to 1954, he was the deputy secretary of Shandong branch,CPC Central Committee.
  • From April 1953 to 1954, he served as commander of No. 3 in the Chinese People's Volunteers Corps .
  • From July 1953 to 1954, he was on the East CPC Central Committee Board.
  • From February 1954 to 1955, he was deputy commander of Military Region 2, No. 3 Military Party Committee secretary,Huadong region.
  • From October 1954 to 1959, he was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff of the PLA.
  • From March 1955 to 1973, he was appointed commander of Military Region 3 party secretary, party secretary of Nanjing Military Region.
  • From October 1958 to 1960, he was on Shanghai Bureau of the CPC Central Committee .
  • From September 1959 to 1978, he was appointed deputy defense minister.
  • From February 1961 to 1966, he was secretary of the CPC Central Committee East China Bureau.
  • From March 1968 to 1973, he was appointed director of Jiangsu Provincial Revolutionary Committee.
  • From March 1970, he was appointed Provincial Revolutionary Committee of the party's core team leader.
  • From December 1970 to 1973 he was on CPC Jiangsu Provincial Committee.
  • From April 1969 to 1982, he was the member of the CPC Central Military Commission the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau.
  • From January 1980 to 1982 He served as a member of the Standing Committee of CPC Central Military Commission.
  • From December 1973 to 1980, he was Guangzhou Military Region Commander, Military District No. 1 party secretary (April 1974 onwards).
  • From September 1982 to 1985 CPC Central Committee, he was the deputy director of Advisory Committee Standing Committee. Session 1-3 Defense Committee. No. 1,4,5 th National People's Congress. The 8th CPC Central Committee alternate members, (12) members, 9-11th Central Committee Political Bureau, member of the Central Advisory Board of 12 Elected member of the Standing Committee and deputy director.
  • In September 1955, he was awarded the rank of general, an honor Medal, an Order of Independence and Freedom Medal, a Liberation Medal.
  • On October 22, 1985, he died in Nanjing.
  1. Shan, Patrick Fuliang (Fall 2011). "Becoming Loyal: General Xu Shiyou and Maoist Regimentation". American Journal of Chinese Studies. 18 (2): 333–350.
  2. Whitson, William and Huang Chen-hsia, The Chinese High Command: A History of Communist Military Politics, 1927-71, Praeger (New York: 1973), p. 126.
  3. Lampton, David M., Paths to Power: Elite Mobility in Contemporary China, Center for Chinese Studies "Michigan Monographs in Chinese Studies No. 55," The University of Michigan (Ann Arbor: 1986), p. 208.
  4. Lampton, p. 209ff.
  5. Whitson, p. 155.
  6. Lampton, p. 212.
  7. Lampton, p. 214–15.
  8. Whitson, p. 247.
  9. Lampton, p. 215.
  10. Whitson, p. 194.
  11. Lamb, Malcolm, Directory of Officials and Organizations in China, 1968-83, M.E. Sharpe (New York: 1983), p. 500-01 and 515-516).
  12. Spence, Jonathan D. The Search for Modern China W. W. Norton & Company 1999. ISBN 0-393-97351-4, p. 618.
  13. Spence, Jonathan D. The Search for Modern China W. W. Norton & Company 1999. ISBN 0-393-97351-4, p. 629
  14. Lamb, p. 2, 15, 23 and 25.
  15. "93岁老八路、原南京军区司令员许世友上将的夫人田普在京去世 享年93岁". www.crt.com.cn. Retrieved2017-07-03.

Xu Shiyou
Xu Shiyou Language Watch Edit In this Chinese name the family name is Xu Xu Shiyou Chinese 许世友 pinyin Xǔ Shiyǒu Wade Giles Hsu Shih yu 1905 1985 was a general in the Chinese People s Liberation Army Xu Shiyou许世友Personal detailsBorn1905 Xinxian Henan Qing ChinaDied1985 aged 79 80 Nanjing People s Republic of ChinaPolitical partyCommunist Party of China 1927 1985 Military serviceBranch servicePeople s Liberation ArmyRankGeneral of People s Liberation Army Contents 1 Early career 2 Regional power 3 Central power 4 Personal life and important events 5 ReferencesEarly career EditBorn in Xinxian Henan Province it belonged to Hubei previously Xu grew up studying martial arts at the Shaolin Temple for eight years and he later became a soldier in Wu Peifu s warlord army which After having served as a lieutenant in the Kuomintang army he joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1927 1 Xu first emerged in the annals of Chinese military history in Hubei in 1927 as part of a nascent military unit that included future generals Qin Jiwei and Chen Zaidao 2 In 1932 he commanded the 34th Regiment 12th Division of the Fourth Front Army led by future Marshall Xu Xiangqian His deputy in the 25th Division 9th Corps which Xu later led in 1933 36 Chen Xilian 3 later rose to serve on the Politburo Standing Committee during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution By the age of 29 Xu Shiyou commanded the Red 9th Corps of the Fourth Front Army Eight months after the First Front Army abandoned the Jiangxi Soviet and embarked on the Long March it met up with Zhang Guotao s Fourth Front Army in June 1935 at Maogong Sichuan Zhang favored consolidating power in Sichuan whereas Mao Zedong wanted to continue on to Gansu and Ningxia to receive aid from the Soviet Union The compromise decision was to convene a conference in July at Mao ergai Despite support from Liu Bocheng Zhu De and other commanders Mao would not be convinced As a result the Fourth Front Army was divided into a Left Column under Liu Zhu and Zhang and a Right Column under Xu Xiangqian Xu Shiyou at the time commanded a cavalry regiment The Second Front Army under He Long and Ren Bishi and Xiao Ke s Sixth Front Army linked up with the Fourth Front Army in June 1936 Again dividing their forces He Long took the Second on a northward line toward Gansu while Zhang led his forces somewhat west of that line The result was that Zhang s Fourth Front Army was battered by Nationalist and warlord troops and arrived in Yenan in poor shape in October 1936 Zhang was forced to submit to Mao s leadership 4 In the first half of 1937 just prior to the formal beginning of the Sino Japanese War the purge of Zhang Guotao and his closest officers sparked turmoil within the party Cadets of the Fourth Front Army studying at the Counter Japanese Military and Political University Kang Da including Xu confronted the party leadership over accusations that Zhang was disloyal 5 In 1939 Xu Xiangqian led elements of the 129th Division including Xu Shiyou and Han Xianchu into western Shandong to recruit new soldiers Xu Shiyou went on to serve as deputy commander of the 385th Brigade 129th Division in eastern Shandong and expanded his forces into the 11th Army of Marshall Chen Yi s Third Field Army One of his key deputies during the war was Nie Fengzhi who would later command the Chinese People s Volunteers Air Force during the Korean War Xu remained in Shandong until 1954 6 In the fall of 1947 Xu commanded the East Front Army Corps of Chen Yi s East China Field Army later the 3rd Field Army his political commissar Tan Zhenlin was one of the most powerful figures in East China They took Jinan in September 1948 7 Regional power EditAt the end of the war Xu s forces found themselves in Shanghai and he became a member of the East China Military and Administrative Committee under Chen Yi and Su Yu As the Korean War unfolded he moved into Shandong assuming a seat on the local governing committee and the post of Military District Commander to confront what was thought to be the risk of an American landing on Chinese soil 8 In Shandong he worked closely with Gu Mu and Kang Sheng 9 Although Xu did not serve in Korea his units did In 1959 his 12th and 60th Corps returned from Korea to the Nanjing Military Region where they provided the power base he would enjoy well into the 1970s 10 Xu served as Commander of the Nanjing Military Region 1954 74 first under East China Military and Administrative Committee chairman Rao Shushi and then for ten years with Gang of Four member Zhang Chunqiao as his political commissar 1967 76 This assignment was the single longest tenure of any Military Region commander on record Among his deputies during the 1960s were future regional leaders Sung Shilun Wang Bicheng and Tan Qilong As the armed forces were called in to restore administrative control he became Chairman of the Jiangsu Province Revolutionary Committee 1968 74 and CCP First Secretary 1970 74 In the long delayed military region reshuffle initiated under Deng Xiaoping Xu was rotated to command the Guangzhou MR 1974 80 11 Xu and political commissar Wei Guoqing provided protection for Deng Xiaoping in 1976 when the future paramount leader was purged by the Gang of Four following the death of Zhou Enlai 12 Xu was also commander in chief for the Chinese forces in the Sino Vietnamese War in 1979 13 Central power EditAfter being elected an Alternate Member of the 8th Central Committee in 1956 Xu Shiyou served in the Politburo of the 9th 10th and 11th CCP Central Committees 1969 82 He was a Vice Minister of National Defense 1959 70 and a member of the National Defense Council 1965 75 From 1980 he was also a member of the Military Affairs Commission In September 1982 Xu became the only military officer named a founding Vice Chairmen of the Central Advisory Commission 14 Personal life and important events EditXu Shiyou married three times His first wife was a traditional rural woman The second wife Li Mingzhen was married to him in the E Yu Wan border region Hist third and the last wife Tian Pu was married to him in Shandong during the Second Sino Japanese War 1937 1945 Both Li Mingzhen and Tian Pu are members of the People s Liberation Army Tian died on June 30 2017 15 In September 1926 Xu joined the Chinese Communist Youth League and go to Wuhan to participate in the National Revolutionary Army Division 1 Group In August 1927 he joined the Red Army served for Red Mountain Area 31 Division 2 team squad In November 1927 he was the platoon leader of Red Army 31 Division 4 Team 5 platoon In 1929 he was appointed a battalion regiment commander of 31 Division 1 In April 1930 he served for Red Army regiment 12 division 34 In July 1933 he was appointed Deputy Army and Chairman of Red 9 Jun 25 Division Red Army commander he Participated in the Long March In November 1936 he studied in Red Army college when they reached northern Shaanxi In 1938 he was Deputy Minister of Administrative Affairs Anti Japanese Military and Political University In June 1939 he was the Deputy Brigade Commander of 129 Brigade Division 386 of The Eighth Route Army In October 1939 he was in the Northern Bureau of the CPC Central Committee In September 1940 column of the Eighth Route Army 3rd Brigade of Shandong In February 1942 he was the Chief of Staff of Shandong column In 1942 he was appointed member of Shandong Shandong Military Region Commander of the Regional party committee During the Liberation War he served as regional party committee members Shandong Shandong Military Region Commander In 1947 he was the Commander of the 9th column East Field Army Corps Shandong Corps Commander and was on Party Committee In March 1949 he was a member of Shandong Military Region Deputy Commander After the founding of the PRC he was the Military Region Deputy Commander of Shandong branch of the CPC Central Committee From December 1949 to 1953 he was on the Huadong Military Committee From January 1950 to 1951 he was on CPC Central Committee Shandong Branch Commission for Discipline Inspection From April 1950 to 1953 he was Shandong Military Region Commander From December 1952 to 1954 he was the deputy secretary of Shandong branch CPC Central Committee From April 1953 to 1954 he served as commander of No 3 in the Chinese People s Volunteers Corps From July 1953 to 1954 he was on the East CPC Central Committee Board From February 1954 to 1955 he was deputy commander of Military Region 2 No 3 Military Party Committee secretary Huadong region From October 1954 to 1959 he was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff of the PLA From March 1955 to 1973 he was appointed commander of Military Region 3 party secretary party secretary of Nanjing Military Region From October 1958 to 1960 he was on Shanghai Bureau of the CPC Central Committee From September 1959 to 1978 he was appointed deputy defense minister From February 1961 to 1966 he was secretary of the CPC Central Committee East China Bureau From March 1968 to 1973 he was appointed director of Jiangsu Provincial Revolutionary Committee From March 1970 he was appointed Provincial Revolutionary Committee of the party s core team leader From December 1970 to 1973 he was on CPC Jiangsu Provincial Committee From April 1969 to 1982 he was the member of the CPC Central Military Commission the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau From January 1980 to 1982 He served as a member of the Standing Committee of CPC Central Military Commission From December 1973 to 1980 he was Guangzhou Military Region Commander Military District No 1 party secretary April 1974 onwards From September 1982 to 1985 CPC Central Committee he was the deputy director of Advisory Committee Standing Committee Session 1 3 Defense Committee No 1 4 5 th National People s Congress The 8th CPC Central Committee alternate members 12 members 9 11th Central Committee Political Bureau member of the Central Advisory Board of 12 Elected member of the Standing Committee and deputy director In September 1955 he was awarded the rank of general an honor Medal an Order of Independence and Freedom Medal a Liberation Medal On October 22 1985 he died in Nanjing References Edit Shan Patrick Fuliang Fall 2011 Becoming Loyal General Xu Shiyou and Maoist Regimentation American Journal of Chinese Studies 18 2 333 350 Whitson William and Huang Chen hsia The Chinese High Command A History of Communist Military Politics 1927 71 Praeger New York 1973 p 126 Lampton David M Paths to Power Elite Mobility in Contemporary China Center for Chinese Studies Michigan Monographs in Chinese Studies No 55 The University of Michigan Ann Arbor 1986 p 208 Lampton p 209ff Whitson p 155 Lampton p 212 Lampton p 214 15 Whitson p 247 Lampton p 215 Whitson p 194 Lamb Malcolm Directory of Officials and Organizations in China 1968 83 M E Sharpe New York 1983 p 500 01 and 515 516 Spence Jonathan D The Search for Modern China W W Norton amp Company 1999 ISBN 0 393 97351 4 p 618 Spence Jonathan D The Search for Modern China W W Norton amp Company 1999 ISBN 0 393 97351 4 p 629 Lamb p 2 15 23 and 25 93岁老八路 原南京军区司令员许世友上将的夫人田普在京去世 享年93岁 www crt com cn Retrieved 2017 07 03 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Xu Shiyou amp oldid 1048102700, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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