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Yakovlev Yak-52

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The Yakovlev Yak-52 (Russian:Яковлев Як-52) is a Soviet primary trainer aircraft which first flew in 1976. It was produced in Romania from 1977 to 1998 by Aerostar, as Iak-52, which gained manufacturing rights under agreement within the former COMECON socialist trade organisation. The Yak-52 was designed as an aerobatic trainer for students in the Soviet DOSAAF training organisation, which trained civilian sport pilots and military pilots. Currently the Yak-52 is used in the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) World Aerobatic Yak 52 Competition, a popular powered aircraft one-design World Aerobatic Championship.

Yak-52
Yak-52
Role Two-seat trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Yakovlev
Aerostar
First flight 1976
Introduction 1979
Status Operational
Primary users Soviet Air Force
DOSAAF
Produced 1978–1998
Developed from Yakovlev Yak-50
Yakovlev Yak-52s at 2007 Wings over Wairarapa airshow

Contents

A descendant of the single-seat competition aerobatic Yakovlev Yak-50, the all-metal Yak-52 is powered by a 268 kW (360 hp) Vedeneyev M14P nine-cylinder radial engine.

Since the aircraft was designed to serve as a military trainer, the development of the aircraft incorporates a number of features to be found on the early postwar fighters: notably the cockpit tandem layout (instrument panel, seat design, cockpit opening system), tail design, tricycle landing gear, fuselage mixed construction (monocoque with steel tube construction), inner flaps, controls position, access panels on sides of the fuselage, even the location of the radio antenna and overall dimensions of the airplane, which extensively match the Yakovlev Yak-17 UTI jet fighter trainer (NATO code name Magnet).

The aircraft has fuel and oil systems permitting inverted flight for as long as two minutes. The engine drives a two-bladed counter-clockwise rotating, variable pitch, wood and fiberglass laminate propeller.

At 998 kg (2,200 lb) empty weight, the Yak-52 is responsive and very capable as an aerobatic aircraft. Yet it is also easy to fly and land. It has been used in international aerobatic competition up to the Advanced level. It is stressed to +7 and –5 Gs, rolls (to the right) at well more than 180 degrees/second (measured up to 352 degrees/second to the right), and is capable of every manoeuvre in the Aresti catalog.

The Yak-52, like most Soviet military aircraft, was designed to operate in rugged environments with minimal maintenance. One of its key features, unusual in western aircraft, is its extensive pneumatic system. Engine starting, landing gear, flaps, and wheel brakes are all pneumatically actuated. Spherical storage bottles for air, replenished by an engine driven compressor, are situated behind the rear cockpit and contents displayed on the instrument panels. The operating pressure is between 10 and 50 bars (145 and 725 psi) and an emergency circuit is reserved for lowering the undercarriage if the normal supply is exhausted or the compressor fails. Additionally both main and reserve bottles can be charged from a port on the ground with compressed air, usually from a scuba type air bottle. The ground steering/braking arrangement, especially, takes some adjustment for flyers accustomed to hydraulics, because the aircraft uses differential braking controlled by rudder pedals and a hand-operated lever on the control stick.

The tricycle landing gear is retractable, but it remains partially exposed in the retracted position, affording both a useful level of drag in down manoeuvres and a measure of protection should the aircraft be forced to land "wheels up."

A number of "westernised" versions of the Yak-52 are now produced. The replacement of the existing Soviet avionics, fitting of a three-blade propeller and the M14PF 298 kW (400 hp) upgrade to the usual 360 hp M14P engine, and conversion to conventional "tail-dragger" landing gear (Yak-52TD) are some of the modifications made to the standard aircraft. There is also a factory-produced Yak-52TW tail-dragger version. The TW has an extra 120 l (32 US gal) of fuel capacity in two extra wing tanks, the M14PF engine designated & three blade propeller, an electric start, and modern instruments.

On April 16, 2004, a modernised variant Yak-52M was flown in Russia. It is fitted with modernised M-14Kh engine, three-blade propeller, and other modifications.

Aerostar Yak-52
Yak-52
Two-seat primary trainer aircraft, powered by a 360-hp (268-kW) Vedeneyev M-14P nine-cylinder radial piston-engine.
Yak-52B
Two-seat light ground-attack aircraft, armed with two UB-32-57 rocket pods, each capable of carrying up to 32 air-to-ground S-5 rockets.[citation needed]
Yak-52M
2003 modernised version, powered by a Vedeneyev M-14Kh radial piston engine. It is fitted with a three-bladed propeller, new avionics and crew escape system.
Iak-52
Romanian designation of Yak-52 produced by Aerostar.
Aerostar Condor
Westernised version proposed by Aerostar, powered by Lycoming O-540 engine.
Iak-52W
Westernised version produced by Aerostar, powered by M-14P or M-14Kh engine, but with all western instruments installed.
Iak-52TW
Westernised version produced by Aerostar, powered by M-14P or M-14Kh engine and tail wheel instead of front wheel. This version has all-western instruments, deeply modernised wing that provide complete retraction of mainwheels and, also, enlargement of fuel tanks volume up to 280 L.
DOSAAF Yak-52
Iak-52TW at Pauanui, New Zealand
Yak-52 front cockpit
Yak-52B at Monino Air Force museum
Armenia
Belarus
Bulgaria
Georgia
Latvia
Lithuania
Romania
Russia
  • DOSAAF Russia
Ukraine
  • DOSAAF Ukraine
Soviet Union
Turkmenistan
Vietnam
Transnistria
Privately owned Yak-52 during takeoff

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993-94

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.745 m (25 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.30 m (30 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.70 m (8 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 15.00 m2 (161.5 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: Clark YN
  • Empty weight: 1,015 kg (2,238 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,305 kg (2,877 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 122 L (32 US gal; 27 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Vedeneyev M-14P nine-cylinder radial engine, 270 kW (360 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed V-530TA-D35 constant-speed propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 285 km/h (177 mph, 154 kn) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 190 km/h (120 mph, 100 kn) at 1,000 m (3,300 ft) (econ cruise)
  • Stall speed: 85–90 km/h (53–56 mph, 46–49 kn) flaps down, engine idling
  • Never exceed speed: 360 km/h (220 mph, 190 kn)
  • Range: 550 km (340 mi, 300 nmi) at 500 m (1,600 ft)
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,000 ft)
  • g limits: +7/-5
  • Rate of climb: 5.00 m/s (985 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude: 15 min to 4,000 m (13,000 ft)

Related development

  1. "Yakovlev Design Bureau Seral Production History". Retrieved29 May 2018.
  2. "CIVA Results". Retrieved29 May 2018.
  3. http://www.yak.ru/ENG/PROD/new_52m.php
  4. Lambert 1993, pp. 248–249.
  • Lambert, Mark (ed.) Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993-94. Coulsdon, UK:Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toYakovlev Yak-52.

Yakovlev Yak-52
Yakovlev Yak 52 Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Yakovlev Yak 52 news newspapers books scholar JSTOR March 2009 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Yakovlev Yak 52 Russian Yakovlev Yak 52 is a Soviet primary trainer aircraft which first flew in 1976 It was produced in Romania from 1977 to 1998 by Aerostar as Iak 52 which gained manufacturing rights under agreement within the former COMECON socialist trade organisation 1 The Yak 52 was designed as an aerobatic trainer for students in the Soviet DOSAAF training organisation which trained civilian sport pilots and military pilots Currently the Yak 52 is used in the Federation Aeronautique Internationale FAI World Aerobatic Yak 52 Competition a popular powered aircraft one design World Aerobatic Championship 2 Yak 52Yak 52Role Two seat trainer aircraftManufacturer Yakovlev AerostarFirst flight 1976Introduction 1979Status OperationalPrimary users Soviet Air Force DOSAAFProduced 1978 1998Developed from Yakovlev Yak 50Yakovlev Yak 52s at 2007 Wings over Wairarapa airshow Yak 52 at Kubinka air base Contents 1 Design and development 2 Variants 3 Military operators 4 Specifications Iak 52 Aerostar built 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksDesign and development EditA descendant of the single seat competition aerobatic Yakovlev Yak 50 the all metal Yak 52 is powered by a 268 kW 360 hp Vedeneyev M14P nine cylinder radial engine Since the aircraft was designed to serve as a military trainer the development of the aircraft incorporates a number of features to be found on the early postwar fighters notably the cockpit tandem layout instrument panel seat design cockpit opening system tail design tricycle landing gear fuselage mixed construction monocoque with steel tube construction inner flaps controls position access panels on sides of the fuselage even the location of the radio antenna and overall dimensions of the airplane which extensively match the Yakovlev Yak 17 UTI jet fighter trainer NATO code name Magnet The aircraft has fuel and oil systems permitting inverted flight for as long as two minutes The engine drives a two bladed counter clockwise rotating variable pitch wood and fiberglass laminate propeller At 998 kg 2 200 lb empty weight the Yak 52 is responsive and very capable as an aerobatic aircraft Yet it is also easy to fly and land It has been used in international aerobatic competition up to the Advanced level It is stressed to 7 and 5 Gs rolls to the right at well more than 180 degrees second measured up to 352 degrees second to the right and is capable of every manoeuvre in the Aresti catalog The Yak 52 like most Soviet military aircraft was designed to operate in rugged environments with minimal maintenance One of its key features unusual in western aircraft is its extensive pneumatic system Engine starting landing gear flaps and wheel brakes are all pneumatically actuated Spherical storage bottles for air replenished by an engine driven compressor are situated behind the rear cockpit and contents displayed on the instrument panels The operating pressure is between 10 and 50 bars 145 and 725 psi and an emergency circuit is reserved for lowering the undercarriage if the normal supply is exhausted or the compressor fails Additionally both main and reserve bottles can be charged from a port on the ground with compressed air usually from a scuba type air bottle The ground steering braking arrangement especially takes some adjustment for flyers accustomed to hydraulics because the aircraft uses differential braking controlled by rudder pedals and a hand operated lever on the control stick The tricycle landing gear is retractable but it remains partially exposed in the retracted position affording both a useful level of drag in down manoeuvres and a measure of protection should the aircraft be forced to land wheels up A number of westernised versions of the Yak 52 are now produced The replacement of the existing Soviet avionics fitting of a three blade propeller and the M14PF 298 kW 400 hp upgrade to the usual 360 hp M14P engine and conversion to conventional tail dragger landing gear Yak 52TD are some of the modifications made to the standard aircraft There is also a factory produced Yak 52TW tail dragger version The TW has an extra 120 l 32 US gal of fuel capacity in two extra wing tanks the M14PF engine designated amp three blade propeller an electric start and modern instruments On April 16 2004 a modernised variant Yak 52M was flown in Russia It is fitted with modernised M 14Kh engine three blade propeller and other modifications Variants Edit Aerostar Yak 52 Yak 52 Two seat primary trainer aircraft powered by a 360 hp 268 kW Vedeneyev M 14P nine cylinder radial piston engine Yak 52B Two seat light ground attack aircraft armed with two UB 32 57 rocket pods each capable of carrying up to 32 air to ground S 5 rockets citation needed Yak 52M 2003 modernised version powered by a Vedeneyev M 14Kh radial piston engine It is fitted with a three bladed propeller new avionics and crew escape system 3 Iak 52 Romanian designation of Yak 52 4 produced by Aerostar Aerostar Condor Westernised version proposed by Aerostar powered by Lycoming O 540 engine 4 Iak 52W Westernised version produced by Aerostar powered by M 14P or M 14Kh engine but with all western instruments installed Iak 52TW Westernised version produced by Aerostar powered by M 14P or M 14Kh engine and tail wheel instead of front wheel This version has all western instruments deeply modernised wing that provide complete retraction of mainwheels and also enlargement of fuel tanks volume up to 280 L Military operators Edit DOSAAF Yak 52 Iak 52TW at Pauanui New Zealand Yak 52 front cockpit Yak 52B at Monino Air Force museum ArmeniaArmenian Air Force 16 BelarusDOSAAF Belarus BulgariaBulgarian Air Force GeorgiaGeorgian Air Force LatviaLatvian Air Force LithuaniaLithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces RomaniaRomanian Air Force 12 RussiaDOSAAF Russia UkraineDOSAAF Ukraine Soviet UnionDOSAAF Soviet Air Force TurkmenistanMilitary of Turkmenistan VietnamVietnam People s Air Force 36 TransnistriaTransnistria Air Force 0 2Specifications Iak 52 Aerostar built Edit Privately owned Yak 52 during takeoff Data from Jane s All The World s Aircraft 1993 94 4 General characteristicsCrew 2 Length 7 745 m 25 ft 5 in Wingspan 9 30 m 30 ft 6 in Height 2 70 m 8 ft 10 in Wing area 15 00 m2 161 5 sq ft Airfoil Clark YN Empty weight 1 015 kg 2 238 lb Max takeoff weight 1 305 kg 2 877 lb Fuel capacity 122 L 32 US gal 27 imp gal Powerplant 1 Vedeneyev M 14P nine cylinder radial engine 270 kW 360 hp Propellers 2 bladed V 530TA D35 constant speed propeller Performance Maximum speed 285 km h 177 mph 154 kn at sea level Cruise speed 190 km h 120 mph 100 kn at 1 000 m 3 300 ft econ cruise Stall speed 85 90 km h 53 56 mph 46 49 kn flaps down engine idling Never exceed speed 360 km h 220 mph 190 kn Range 550 km 340 mi 300 nmi at 500 m 1 600 ft Service ceiling 4 000 m 13 000 ft g limits 7 5 Rate of climb 5 00 m s 985 ft min Time to altitude 15 min to 4 000 m 13 000 ft See also Edit Aviation portal Related development Yakovlev Yak 18 Yakovlev Yak 50References Edit Yakovlev Design Bureau Seral Production History Retrieved 29 May 2018 CIVA Results Retrieved 29 May 2018 http www yak ru ENG PROD new 52m php a b c Lambert 1993 pp 248 249 Lambert Mark ed Jane s All The World s Aircraft 1993 94 Coulsdon UK Jane s Data Division 1993 ISBN 0 7106 1066 1 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Yakovlev Yak 52 Official YAK website for YAK 52M Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yakovlev Yak 52 amp oldid 1047230626, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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