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Dan language

Dan is a Mande language spoken primarily in Ivory Coast (~800,000 speakers) and Liberia (150,000–200,000 speakers). There is also a population of about 800 speakers in Guinea. Dan is a tonal language, with around 9-11 contour and register tones depending on the dialect.

Dan
Yacouba
RegionIvory Coast, Guinea, and Liberia.
Native speakers
1.6 million (2012)
Niger–Congo
  • Mande
    • Eastern Mande
      • Southeastern
        • Mano–Dan
          • Guro–Dan
            • Tura–Dan
              • Dan
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
dnj – Dan
lda – Kla
Glottologdann1241
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see .
A Dan speaker, recorded in Liberia.

Alternative names for the language include Yacouba or Yakubasa, Gio, Gyo, Gio-Dan, and Da. Dialects are Gio (Liberian Dan), Gweetaawu (Eastern Dan), Blowo (Western Dan), and Kla. Kla is evidently a distinct language.

Contents

Vowels

Front Central Back
Close i ɯ u
Close-mid e ɤ o
Open-mid ɛ ʌ ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a ɑ

The orthography of Liberia includes this alphabet:

Dan alphabet (Liberia)
A B Ɓ D Ɗ E Ɛ F G GB H I K KP KW L M N NW NY Ŋ O Ɔ Ə Ɵ P R S T U [disambiguation needed] V W X Y Z
a b ɓ d ɗ e ɛ f g gb h i k kp kw l m n nw ny ŋ o ɔ ə ɵ p r s t u ɥ v w x y z
IPA value
a b ɓ d ɗ e ɛ f ɡ ɡ͡b h i k k͡p l m n ŋʷ ɲ ŋ o ɔ ə ɵ p r s t u ɯ v w x j z

Dan West alphabet (Côte d'Ivoire)
A B BH D DH E Ɛ Ë ƐA F G GB GW I K KP KW L M N NG O Ɔ Ö P R S T U Ü V W Y Z
a b bh d dh e ɛ ë ɛa f g gb gw i k kp kw l m n ng o ɔ ö p r s t u ü v w y z
IPA value
a ɒ b ɓ d ɗ e ɛ ʌ æ f ɡ ɡ͡b i k k͡p l m n ŋ o ɔ ɤ p r s t u ɯ v w j z
Dan East alphabet (Côte d'Ivoire), 1982
A B BH D DH E Ë Ɛ ƐA F G GB GW H I Ɩ K KP KW L M N O Ö Ɔ P R S T U Ü Ʋ Ʋ̈ V W Y Z
a b bh d dh e ë ɛ ɛa f g gb gw h i ɩ k kp kw l m n o ö ɔ p r s t u ü ʋ ʋ̈ v w y z
IPA value
a ɒ b ɓ d ɗ e ʌ ɛ æ f ɡ ɡ͡b h i ɪ k k͡p l m n o ɤ ɔ p r s t u ɯ ʊ ʉ v w j z
Dan East alphabet (Côte d'Ivoire), 2014
A Œ B BH D DH E Ʌ Ɛ Æ F G GB GW H I Ɩ K KP KW L M N O ɤ Ɔ P R S T U Ɯ Ʋ V W Y Z
a œ b bh d dh e ʌ ɛ æ f g gb gw h i ɩ k kp kw l m n o ɤ ɔ p r s t u ɯ ʋ v w y z
IPA value
a ɒ b ɓ d ɗ e ʌ ɛ æ f ɡ ɡ͡b h i ɪ k k͡p l m n o ɤ ɔ p r s t u ɯ ʊ v w j z

The capital ɤ is not in Unicode.

Tones are marked as follows: extra high tone: a̋; high tone: á; medium tone: ā; low tone: à; extra low tone: ȁ; high drop tone: â; extra low hanging tone: aʼ.

The digraphs ⟨bh, dh, gb gw, kp, kw⟩ keep the same values as in the spelling of 1982, and the nasal vowels are also indicated by appending the letter n after the letter of the vowel ⟨an, æn, ʌn, ɛn, in, ɔn, œn, un⟩.

  1. Dan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kla at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
  3. https://scriptsource.org/cms/scripts/page.php?item_id=wrSys_detail_sym&key=dnj-Latn-CI.Missing or empty |title= ()
  4. "Proposal to Encode Additional Latin and Cyrillic Characters"(PDF).
  5. "SIL PUA assignments 11.0".


Dan language
Dan language Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Yakuba language Dan ˈ d ae n 2 is a Mande language spoken primarily in Ivory Coast 800 000 speakers and Liberia 150 000 200 000 speakers There is also a population of about 800 speakers in Guinea Dan is a tonal language with around 9 11 contour and register tones depending on the dialect DanYacoubaRegionIvory Coast Guinea and Liberia Native speakers1 6 million 2012 1 Language familyNiger Congo MandeEastern MandeSoutheasternMano DanGuro DanTura DanDanWriting systemLatinLanguage codesISO 639 3Either a href https iso639 3 sil org code dnj class extiw title iso639 3 dnj dnj a Dan a href https iso639 3 sil org code lda class extiw title iso639 3 lda lda a KlaGlottolog a rel nofollow class external text href http glottolog org resource languoid id dann1241 dann1241 a This article contains IPA phonetic symbols Without proper rendering support you may see question marks boxes or other symbols instead of Unicode characters For an introductory guide on IPA symbols see Help IPA Play media A Dan speaker recorded in Liberia Alternative names for the language include Yacouba or Yakubasa Gio Gyo Gio Dan and Da Dialects are Gio Liberian Dan Gweetaawu Eastern Dan Blowo Western Dan and Kla Kla is evidently a distinct language Contents 1 Phonology 1 1 Vowels 2 Writing system 3 References 4 External linksPhonology EditVowels Edit Front Central BackClose i ɯ uClose mid e ɤ oOpen mid ɛ ʌ ɔNear open aeOpen a ɑWriting system EditThe orthography of Liberia includes this alphabet Dan alphabet Liberia A B Ɓ D Ɗ E Ɛ F G GB H I K KP KW L M N NW NY Ŋ O Ɔ E Ɵ P R S T U Ɥ disambiguation needed V W X Y Za b ɓ d ɗ e ɛ f g gb h i k kp kw l m n nw ny ŋ o ɔ e ɵ p r s t u ɥ v w x y zIPA valuea b ɓ d ɗ e ɛ f ɡ ɡ b h i k k p kʷ l m n ŋʷ ɲ ŋ o ɔ e ɵ p r s t u ɯ v w x j z 3 4 Dan West alphabet Cote d Ivoire A AƆ B BH D DH E Ɛ E ƐA F G GB GW I K KP KW L M N NG O Ɔ O P R S T U U V W Y Za aɔ b bh d dh e ɛ e ɛa f g gb gw i k kp kw l m n ng o ɔ o p r s t u u v w y zIPA valuea ɒ b ɓ d ɗ e ɛ ʌ ae f ɡ ɡ b gʷ i k k p kʷ l m n ŋ o ɔ ɤ p r s t u ɯ v w j zDan East alphabet Cote d Ivoire 1982A AƆ B BH D DH E E Ɛ ƐA F G GB GW H I Ɩ K KP KW L M N O O Ɔ P R S T U U Ʋ Ʋ V W Y Za aɔ b bh d dh e e ɛ ɛa f g gb gw h i ɩ k kp kw l m n o o ɔ p r s t u u ʋ ʋ v w y zIPA valuea ɒ b ɓ d ɗ e ʌ ɛ ae f ɡ ɡ b gʷ h i ɪ k k p kʷ l m n o ɤ ɔ p r s t u ɯ ʊ ʉ v w j zDan East alphabet Cote d Ivoire 2014A Œ B BH D DH E Ʌ Ɛ AE F G GB GW H I Ɩ K KP KW L M N O ɤ Ɔ P R S T U Ɯ Ʋ V W Y Za œ b bh d dh e ʌ ɛ ae f g gb gw h i ɩ k kp kw l m n o ɤ ɔ p r s t u ɯ ʋ v w y zIPA valuea ɒ b ɓ d ɗ e ʌ ɛ ae f ɡ ɡ b gʷ h i ɪ k k p kʷ l m n o ɤ ɔ p r s t u ɯ ʊ v w j z The capital ɤ is not in Unicode 5 Tones are marked as follows extra high tone a high tone a medium tone a low tone a extra low tone ȁ high drop tone a extra low hanging tone aʼ The digraphs bh dh gb gw kp kw keep the same values as in the spelling of 1982 and the nasal vowels are also indicated by appending the letter n after the letter of the vowel an aen ʌn ɛn in ɔn œn un References Edit Dan at Ethnologue 18th ed 2015 Kla at Ethnologue 18th ed 2015 Laurie Bauer 2007 The Linguistics Student s Handbook Edinburgh https scriptsource org cms scripts page php item id wrSys detail sym amp key dnj Latn CI Missing or empty title help Proposal to Encode Additional Latin and Cyrillic Characters PDF SIL PUA assignments 11 0 External links EditEnglish Dan Online Dictionary Roberts David Ginger Boyd Johannes Merz amp Valentin Vydrin 2020 Quantifying written ambiguities in tone languages A comparative study of Elip Mbelime and Eastern Dan Language Documentation amp Conservation 14 108 138 http hdl handle net 10125 24915 This article about Mande languages is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Dan language amp oldid 1054525712, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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