fbpx
Wikipedia

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Find sources: "Yala province"news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR
(April 2014) ()

Yala (Thai:ยะลา, pronounced Malay: Jala) is the southernmost Province (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from northwest clockwise) Songkhla, Pattani, and Narathiwat. Yala is one of two landlocked provinces in southern Thailand, the other being Phatthalung. Its southern part borders Kedah and Perak of Malaysia.

Yala

Contents

Yala province is in southern Thailand. The highest point of the Sankalakhiri Range (Northern Titiwangsa Mountains), the 1,533-meter (5,030 ft)-high Ulu Titi Basah (ฮูลูติติปาซา), is on the Thai/Malaysian border between Yala province and Perak. The total forest area is 1,455 km2 (562 sq mi) or 32.5 percent of provincial area.

The name "Yala" is the Thai transliteration of the Malay word "Jala" (Jawi: جالا), meaning "net", which was in turn derived from Sanskrit (Devanagari: जाल). The province is also known as "Jala" in Patani Malay language.

Historically, Pattani province was the centre of the Sultanate of Patani, a semi-independent Malay kingdom that paid tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya. After Ayutthaya fell under Burmese control in 1767, the Sultanate of Patani gained full independence, but under King Rama I (reigned from 1782 to 1809), the area was again placed under Siam's control in 1785 and made a mueang. In 1808, Mueang Pattani was split into seven smaller mueang including Yala and Reman.

The province was recognized as part of Siam by the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, negotiated with the British Empire, while Siam surrendered its claims to Kelantan, Kedah, Terengganu, and Perlis.

There is a separatist movement in Yala, which after being dormant for many years, emerged again in 2004 and has become increasingly violent. Eight bombs exploded in the province over two days, on 6–7 April 2014. The bombings resulted in one death and 28 injuries, as well as damage to a warehouse estimated at 100 million baht. Local officials accordingly tightened security in the province during the Songkran festivities scheduled for 13–15 April.

The British Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) in 2014 advised its citizens to only undertake essential travel in the province, while the Australian Government's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade recommends that travellers completely avoid the province.

Religion in Yala (2019)
religion percent
Islam
81.46%
Buddhism
18.45%
Christianity
0.08%
Other
0.01%

Together with Narathiwat, Pattani and Satun Yala is one of the four provinces of Thailand with a Muslim majority. About 72 percent of the people are Malay-speaking Muslims and mainly live in rural locations. The remainder are Thai and Thai Chinese Buddhists, who live in towns and cities.

The provincial seal shows a miner with simple mining tools including hoes, crowbars, and baskets. Yala was originally a mining town with tin and tungsten ores.

The provincial tree is the red saraca (Saraca declinata), and the provincial flower is the bullet wood (Mimusops elengi).

Khela mahseer (Tor douronensis) is the provincial fish, since it is a rare fish that can only be found in the lower southern region. Currently, Yala Provincial Fisheries Office is able to breed.

Map of eight districts

Provincial government

Yala is divided into eight districts (amphoe), which are further divided into 56 subdistricts (tambon) and 341 villages (muban).

No. Name Thai Malay
1 Mueang Yala เมืองยะลา Jala, Jolor
2 Betong เบตง Betung
3 Bannang Sata บันนังสตา Bendang Setar
4 Than To ธารโต Air Kedung
5 Yaha ยะหา Johar
6 Raman รามัน Reman
7 Kabang กาบัง Kabae, Kabe
8 Krong Pinang กรงปินัง Kampung Pinang

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are: one Yala Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 16 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Yala has city (thesaban nakhon) status and Sateng Nok and Betong have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 13 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 47 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).

Yala Railway Station

The nearest Thai airport to Yala is Hat Yai International Airport in Songkhla province. As of 2018[update] Thailand's transport ministry is constructing the 1.9 billion baht Betong International Airport. It is scheduled to be opened in February 2022. Designed to handle 300 arrivals per hour, it is projected to serve one million passengers per year, generating three billion baht for the district. Nok Air, Bangkok Airways, and Malaysia's Firefly Airlines have plans to fly to Betong.

Yala is served by the State Railway of Thailand from the Yala Railway Station.

The province lies on Route 410 (Pattani–Betong Highway), which runs from Pattani through Yala and Betong before passing through the Thailand-Malaysia Border.

Yala's main hospital is Yala Hospital, a regional hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health.

Health Education Employment Income
56 70 60 43
Housing Family Transport Participation
42 52 64 65
Province Yala, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5183 is "low", occupies place 72 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.

Rank Classification
1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"
Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings
  1. Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data(PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)[dead link]
  2. "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved20 June 2019.
  3. Bernama. "Barisan Revolusi Nasional (BRN)". Air Times News Network. Retrieved2022-03-16.
  4. Lian Lim, Siew (2013). "The Role of Shadow Puppetry in the Development of Phatthalung province, Thailand"(PDF). siewlianlim.com. Southeast Asia Club Conference, Northern Illinois University. Retrieved27 August 2018.
  5. "Gunong Ulu Titi Basah: Thailand". Geographical Names. Information Technology Associates. 1995–2012. Retrieved8 April 2014.
  6. "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  7. "Welcome to Yala: Introduction". Sawadee.com. Retrieved27 Apr 2015.
  8. "Four more bombs explode in Yala this morning". MCOT. 7 April 2014. Retrieved8 April 2014.
  9. "Foreign travel advice Thailand". GOV.UK. Crown. 25 March 2014. Retrieved8 April 2014.
  10. "Thailand". smartraveller.com.au. Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 3 April 2014. Retrieved8 April 2014.
  11. รายงานคุณภาพชีวิตประชาชนจังหวัดยะลา จากข้อมูล จปฐ. / กชช. 2ค ประจำปี 2562(PDF). Yala Community Development Office. 2019. p. 13.
  12. "Yala province". cmgfthailand.psu.ac.th.
  13. ""พลวงชมพู"ปลาประจำจังหวัดยะลา" ["Khela mahseer" the Yala provincial fish]. Kom Chad Luek (in Thai). 2018-07-01. Retrieved2020-04-22.
  14. "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved10 December 2019. 45 Yala: 1 PAO, 1 City mun., 2 Town mun., 13 Subdistrict mun., 47 SAO.
  15. "Govt plans DMK-Betong flight roster". Bangkok Post. 19 May 2019. Retrieved19 May 2019.
  16. Sritama, Suchat (27 August 2018). "Better days around the bend". Bangkok Post. Retrieved27 August 2018.
  17. Nanuam, Wassana (5 July 2019). "Betong airport runway will be extended, says army chief". Bangkok Post. Retrieved5 July 2019.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toYala Province.

Coordinates:6°32′24″N101°16′52″E /6.54000°N 101.28111°E /6.54000; 101.28111

Yala province Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Yala Province This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Yala province news newspapers books scholar JSTOR April 2014 Learn how and when to remove this template message Yala Thai yala pronounced ja ʔ laː Malay Jala 4 is the southernmost Province changwat of Thailand Neighboring provinces are from northwest clockwise Songkhla Pattani and Narathiwat Yala is one of two landlocked provinces in southern Thailand the other being Phatthalung 5 Its southern part borders Kedah and Perak of Malaysia Yala yala Thai جالا Jawi Jala Malay ProvinceBueng Nam Sai a natural lake in Raman District 26 km from Yala City it was once the habitat of rare specie of fish Asian arowanaFlagSealMap of Thailand highlighting Yala provinceCountryThailandCapitalYalaGovernment GovernorPirom Nilthaya since October 2021 Area 1 Total4 521 km2 1 746 sq mi RankRanked 47thPopulation 2019 2 Total536 330 Rank50th Density118 km2 310 sq mi RankRanked 45thHuman Achievement Index 3 HAI 2017 0 5183 low Ranked 72ndTime zoneUTC 7 ICT Postal code95xxxCalling code073ISO 3166 codeTH 95Websitewww wbr yala wbr go wbr th Contents 1 Geography 2 Toponymy 3 History 4 Demographics 5 Symbols 6 Administrative divisions 6 1 Provincial government 6 2 Local government 7 Transportation 8 Health 9 Human achievement index 2017 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksGeography EditYala province is in southern Thailand The highest point of the Sankalakhiri Range Northern Titiwangsa Mountains the 1 533 meter 5 030 ft high Ulu Titi Basah hulutitipasa is on the Thai Malaysian border between Yala province and Perak 6 The total forest area is 1 455 km2 562 sq mi or 32 5 percent of provincial area 7 Toponymy EditThe name Yala is the Thai transliteration of the Malay word Jala Jawi جالا meaning net which was in turn derived from Sanskrit Devanagari ज ल The province is also known as Jala in Patani Malay language History EditFurther information South Thailand insurgency and Kingdom of Reman Historically Pattani province was the centre of the Sultanate of Patani a semi independent Malay kingdom that paid tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya After Ayutthaya fell under Burmese control in 1767 the Sultanate of Patani gained full independence but under King Rama I reigned from 1782 to 1809 the area was again placed under Siam s control in 1785 and made a mueang In 1808 Mueang Pattani was split into seven smaller mueang including Yala and Reman 8 The province was recognized as part of Siam by the Anglo Siamese Treaty of 1909 negotiated with the British Empire while Siam surrendered its claims to Kelantan Kedah Terengganu and Perlis There is a separatist movement in Yala which after being dormant for many years emerged again in 2004 and has become increasingly violent Eight bombs exploded in the province over two days on 6 7 April 2014 The bombings resulted in one death and 28 injuries as well as damage to a warehouse estimated at 100 million baht Local officials accordingly tightened security in the province during the Songkran festivities scheduled for 13 15 April 9 The British Foreign and Commonwealth Office FCO in 2014 advised its citizens to only undertake essential travel in the province while the Australian Government s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade recommends that travellers completely avoid the province 10 11 Demographics EditReligion in Yala 2019 12 religion percentIslam 81 46 Buddhism 18 45 Christianity 0 08 Other 0 01 Together with Narathiwat Pattani and Satun Yala is one of the four provinces of Thailand with a Muslim majority About 72 percent of the people are Malay speaking Muslims and mainly live in rural locations The remainder are Thai and Thai Chinese Buddhists who live in towns and cities Symbols EditThe provincial seal shows a miner with simple mining tools including hoes crowbars and baskets Yala was originally a mining town with tin and tungsten ores 13 The provincial tree is the red saraca Saraca declinata and the provincial flower is the bullet wood Mimusops elengi Khela mahseer Tor douronensis is the provincial fish since it is a rare fish that can only be found in the lower southern region Currently Yala Provincial Fisheries Office is able to breed 14 Administrative divisions Edit Map of eight districts Provincial government Edit Yala is divided into eight districts amphoe which are further divided into 56 subdistricts tambon and 341 villages muban No Name Thai Malay1 Mueang Yala emuxngyala Jala Jolor2 Betong ebtng Betung3 Bannang Sata bnnngsta Bendang Setar4 Than To tharot Air Kedung5 Yaha yaha Johar6 Raman ramn Reman7 Kabang kabng Kabae Kabe8 Krong Pinang krngpinng Kampung PinangLocal government Edit As of 26 November 2019 there are 15 one Yala Provincial Administration Organisation ongkan borihan suan changwat and 16 municipal thesaban areas in the province Yala has city thesaban nakhon status and Sateng Nok and Betong have town thesaban mueang status Further 13 subdistrict municipalities thesaban tambon The non municipal areas are administered by 47 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations SAO ongkan borihan suan tambon 2 Transportation Edit Yala Railway Station The nearest Thai airport to Yala is Hat Yai International Airport in Songkhla province As of 2018 update Thailand s transport ministry is constructing the 1 9 billion baht Betong International Airport It is scheduled to be opened in February 2022 16 17 Designed to handle 300 arrivals per hour it is projected to serve one million passengers per year generating three billion baht for the district Nok Air Bangkok Airways and Malaysia s Firefly Airlines have plans to fly to Betong 18 Yala is served by the State Railway of Thailand from the Yala Railway Station The province lies on Route 410 Pattani Betong Highway which runs from Pattani through Yala and Betong before passing through the Thailand Malaysia Border Health EditYala s main hospital is Yala Hospital a regional hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health Human achievement index 2017 EditHealth Education Employment Income 56 70 60 43Housing Family Transport Participation 42 52 64 65Province Yala with an HAI 2017 value of 0 5183 is low occupies place 72 in the ranking Since 2003 United Nations Development Programme UNDP in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index HAI a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development National Economic and Social Development Board NESDB has taken over this task since 2017 3 Rank Classification 1 15 high 16 30 somewhat high 31 45 average 45 60 somewhat low 61 77 low Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings See also Edit2007 South Thailand bombings 2019 Yala attackReferences Edit Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community Thailand Human Development Report 2014 table 0 Basic Data PDF Report United Nations Development Programme UNDP Thailand pp 134 135 ISBN 978 974 680 368 7 Retrieved 17 January 2016 Data has been supplied by Land Development Department Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives at Wayback Machine a href wiki Template Cite report title Template Cite report cite report a CS1 maint postscript link dead link a b rayngansthiticanwnprachakraelabanpracapi ph s 2561 Statistics population and house statistics for the year 2019 Registration Office Department of the Interior Ministry of the Interior in Thai 31 December 2018 Retrieved 20 June 2019 a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board NESDB pages 1 40 maps 1 9 retrieved 14 September 2019 ISBN 978 974 9769 33 1 Bernama Barisan Revolusi Nasional BRN Air Times News Network Retrieved 2022 03 16 Lian Lim Siew 2013 The Role of Shadow Puppetry in the Development of Phatthalung province Thailand PDF siewlianlim com Southeast Asia Club Conference Northern Illinois University Retrieved 27 August 2018 Gunong Ulu Titi Basah Thailand Geographical Names Information Technology Associates 1995 2012 Retrieved 8 April 2014 tarangthi 2 phinthipaim aeykraycnghwd ph s 2562 Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019 Royal Forest Department in Thai 2019 Retrieved 6 April 2021 information Forest statistics Year 2019 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint postscript link Welcome to Yala Introduction Sawadee com Retrieved 27 Apr 2015 Four more bombs explode in Yala this morning MCOT 7 April 2014 Retrieved 8 April 2014 Foreign travel advice Thailand GOV UK Crown 25 March 2014 Retrieved 8 April 2014 Thailand smartraveller com au Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 3 April 2014 Retrieved 8 April 2014 rayngankhunphaphchiwitprachachncnghwdyala cakkhxmul cpth kchch 2kh pracapi 2562 PDF Yala Community Development Office 2019 p 13 Yala province cmgfthailand psu ac th phlwngchmphu plapracacnghwdyala Khela mahseer the Yala provincial fish Kom Chad Luek in Thai 2018 07 01 Retrieved 2020 04 22 Number of local government organizations by province dla go th Department of Local Administration DLA 26 November 2019 Retrieved 10 December 2019 45 Yala 1 PAO 1 City mun 2 Town mun 13 Subdistrict mun 47 SAO Govt plans DMK Betong flight roster Bangkok Post 19 May 2019 Retrieved 19 May 2019 Sritama Suchat 27 August 2018 Better days around the bend Bangkok Post Retrieved 27 August 2018 Nanuam Wassana 5 July 2019 Betong airport runway will be extended says army chief Bangkok Post Retrieved 5 July 2019 External links Edit Yala travel guide from Wikivoyage Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand in Thai Website of the provinceWikimedia Commons has media related to Yala Province Coordinates 6 32 24 N 101 16 52 E 6 54000 N 101 28111 E 6 54000 101 28111 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yala province amp oldid 1082855002, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.