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Yamanote Line

The Yamanote Line (Japanese:山手線, Yamanote-sen) is the loop service in Tokyo, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East). It is one of Tokyo's busiest and most important lines, connecting most of Tokyo's major stations and urban centres, including Marunouchi, the Yūrakuchō/Ginza area, Shinagawa, Shibuya, Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, and Ueno, with all but two of its 30 stations connecting to other railway or underground (subway) lines.

Yamanote Line
JY
Yamanote Line E235 series EMUs in March 2019
Overview
Native name山手線
LocaleTokyo, Japan
TerminiShinagawa (loop)
Stations30
Service
TypeHeavy rail
Operator(s) JR East
Depot(s)Tokyo General Rolling Stock Centre (near Ōsaki Station)
Rolling stockE235 series
History
Opened1885
Technical
Line length34.5 km (21.4 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification1,500 V DC overhead line
Operating speed90 km/h (55 mph)
Route map

Internally JR East refers to the "Yamanote Line" as the quadruple-track 20.6 km corridor between Shinagawa and Tabata via Shinjuku. The corridor consists of a pair of tracks used by Yamanote local trains and another parallel pair of tracks called "the Yamanote Freight Line" used by the Saikyō and Shōnan-Shinjuku line trains, some limited express services, and freight trains. In everyday usage, branding on maps and station signage, the "Yamanote Line" refers to the local service running the entire 34.5 km Line looping between the Yamanote corridor via Shinjuku Station and the central portions of the Tōhoku and Tōkaidō Main Lines Via Tokyo Station. (This article uses the same definition unless noted otherwise.)

Contents

Trains run from 04:26 to 01:18 the next day at intervals as short as 2 minutes during peak periods and four minutes at other times. A complete loop takes 59 to 65 minutes. All trains stop at each station. Trains are put into and taken out of service at Ōsaki (which for timetabling purposes is the line's start and terminus) and sometimes Ikebukuro. Certain trains also start from Tamachi in the mornings and end at Shinagawa in the evenings. Trains which run clockwise are known as sotomawari (外回り, "outer circle") and those counter-clockwise as uchi-mawari (内回り, "inner circle"). (Trains travel on the left in Japan, as with road traffic.)

The line also acts as a fare zone destination for JR tickets from locations outside Tokyo, permitting travel to any JR station on or within the loop. This refers to stations on the Yamanote Line as well as the Chūō-Sōbu and Chūō Rapid Lines and between Sendagaya and Ochanomizu.

The line colour used on all rolling stock, station signs and diagrams is JNR Yellow Green No.6 (, Munsell code 7.5GY 6.5/7.8), known in Japanese as "Japanese bush warbler green" (ウグイス色, uguisu-iro).

Due to the Yamanote Line's central location connecting most of Tokyo's major commuter hubs and commercial areas, the line is very heavily used. Sections of the line were running over 250%[a] capacity in the 1990s, remained above 200%[a] for most of the 2000s with most sections dropping below 150%[a] in 2018. This is due to larger and more frequent trains being introduced to the Yamanote Line and the opening of parallel relief lines such as the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line and Ueno–Tokyo Line. The maximum overcrowding during rush hour is about 158%.

The ridership intensity of the Yamanote Line in 2018 was 1,134,963 passengers - km / km of route.[b][c] The ridership of the Yamanote Line cited in a 2015 MLIT National Transit report was 4,098,582 trips per day.[b] However, in both cases "Yamanote Line" refers to JR East's internal definition of the entire rail corridor between Shinagawa and Tabata stations via Shinjuku which includes the ridership of the Saikyō and Shōnan–Shinjuku Lines on the parallel Yamanote freight line. Meanwhile, the ridership of the Yamanote Line services between Tabata and Shinagawa Station via Tokyo are excluded and counted as part of the Tōhoku and Tōkaidō Main Lines.

"Yamanote" literally refers to inland, hillier districts or foothills (as distinct from areas close to the sea). In Tokyo, "Yamanote" lies along the western side of the Yamanote Line loop. The word consists of the Japanese morphemes yama, meaning 'mountain', the genitive suffix no, and te, meaning 'hand', thus literally translating as "mountain's hand", analogous to the English term "foothills".

Yamanote-sen is officially written in Japanese without the kana no (の、ノ), which makes its pronunciation ambiguous in print. The characters山手 may also be pronounced yamate, as in Yamate-dōri (Yamate Street), which runs parallel to the west side of the Yamanote Line. The Seishin-Yamate Line in Kobe and the Yamate area of Yokohama also use this pronunciation.

After World War II, SCAP ordered all train placards to be romanized, and the Yamanote Line was romanized as "Yamate Line". It was thus alternatively known as "Yamanote" and "Yamate" until 1971, when the Japanese National Railways changed the pronunciation back to "Yamanote". Some older people still refer to the line as the "Yamate Line".[citation needed]

  • Stations are listed in order clockwise from Shinagawa to Tabata, but for operational purposes trains officially start and terminate at Ōsaki.
    • Clockwise (外回り, sotomawari, "outer circle"): Shinagawa → Shibuya → Shinjuku → Ikebukuro → Tabata → Ueno → Tokyo → Shinagawa
    • Counter-clockwise (内回り, uchimawari, "inner circle"): Shinagawa → Tokyo → Ueno → Tabata → Ikebukuro → Shinjuku → Shibuya → Shinagawa
  • All stations are located in the special wards of Tokyo.
  • All trains on the Yamanote Line are local trains that stop at all stations.
  • This table also lists stations where Keihin–Tōhoku Line rapid trains would stop.

Legend

  • ● : Rapid trains stop
  • : Rapid trains pass
  • ▲ : Rapid trains stop only on weekends or holidays
Line name No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Keihin–Tōhoku

Line Rapid

Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
Yamanote
Line
SGWJY25
Shinagawa 品川 from
Takanawa Gateway

0.9
0.0 Minato
OSKJY24
Ōsaki 大崎 2.0 2.0 Shinagawa
JY23 Gotanda 五反田 0.9 2.9
JY22 Meguro 目黒 1.2 4.1
EBSJY21
Ebisu 恵比寿 1.5 5.6 Shibuya
SBYJY20
Shibuya 渋谷 1.6 7.2
JY19 Harajuku 原宿 1.2 8.4
JY18 Yoyogi 代々木 1.5 9.9
SJKJY17
Shinjuku 新宿 0.7 10.6 Shinjuku
JY16 Shin-Ōkubo 新大久保 1.3 11.9
JY15 Takadanobaba 高田馬場 1.4 13.3
JY14 Mejiro 目白 0.9 14.2 Toshima
IKBJY13
Ikebukuro 池袋 1.2 15.4
JY12 Ōtsuka 大塚 1.8 17.2 Toden Arakawa Line (Otsuka-ekimae)
JY11 Sugamo 巣鴨 1.1 18.3 I Toei Mita Line (I-15)
JY10 Komagome 駒込 0.7 19.0 N Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-14)
JY09 Tabata 田端 1.6 20.6 JK Keihin–Tōhoku Line Kita
Tohoku
Main
Line
JY08 Nishi-Nippori 西日暮里 0.8 21.4
Arakawa
NPRJY07
Nippori 日暮里 0.5 21.9
JY06 Uguisudani 鶯谷 1.1 23.0 JK Keihin–Tōhoku Line Taitō
UENJY05
Ueno 上野 1.1 24.1
JY04 Okachimachi 御徒町 0.6 24.7
AKBJY03
Akihabara 秋葉原 1.0 25.7
Chiyoda
KNDJY02
Kanda 神田 0.7 26.4
TYOJY01
Tokyo 東京 1.3 27.7
Tokaido
Main
Line
JY30 Yūrakuchō 有楽町 0.8 28.5
SMBJY29
Shimbashi 新橋 1.1 29.6
Minato
HMCJY28
Hamamatsuchō 浜松町 1.2 30.8
JY27 Tamachi 田町 1.5 32.3
TGWJY26
Takanawa Gateway 高輪ゲートウェイ 1.3 33.6
SGWJY25
Shinagawa 品川 0.9 34.5 See above
  1. The southern half of Shinjuku Station is in Shibuya ward, so technically the Yamanote Line has 4.5 stations in Shibuya ward and 2.5 stations in Shinjuku ward.
  2. Stops on weekends and national holidays only.

As of January 2020[update], the line's services are operated exclusively by a fleet of 50 11-car E235 series EMUs, the first of which was introduced on the line on 30 November 2015. However, a number of technical faults, including problems with door close indicators, resulted in the train being taken out of service the same day. The E235 series returned to service on the Yamanote Line on 7 March 2016.

Former rolling stock

Former E231-500 series 6-door car with the seats folded up, January 2010

Prior to the E235 series, the line's services were operated by E231-500 series EMUs, which were in use from April 21, 2002 to January 20, 2020. These trains originally each included two "six-door cars" with six pairs of doors per side and bench seats that were folded up to provide standing room only during the morning peak until 10 a.m. From February 22, 2010, the seats were no longer folded up during the morning peak, and all trains were standardized with newly built four-door cars by 31 August 2011. This was due to reduced congestion on the line as well as preparation for the installation of platform doors on all stations by 2017.

The E231 series supported a new type of traffic control system, called digital Automatic Train Control (D-ATC). The series also had a more modern design and has two 15-inch LCD monitors above each door, one of which is used for displaying silent commercials, news and weather; and another which is used for displaying information on the next stop (in Japanese, English, Korean and more) along with notification of delays on Shinkansen and other railway lines in the greater Tokyo area. The E231-500 series trains were based at Tokyo General Rolling Stock Centre near Ōsaki Station.

Video of a train on the Yamanote Line
  • 63 series

  • A yellow (Tsurumi Line) 101 series train

  • A Yamanote Line 103 series train in March 1985

  • A Yamanote Line 205 series train in February 2003

  • A Yamanote Line E231-500 series set in March 2009

Timeline

101 series
103 series
205 series
E231-500 series
E235 series
1960
1965
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020
Rolling stock transitions since 1960
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(May 2014) ()
The construction of the Yamanote Line and current JR lines
The Yamanote Line in 1925

The predecessor of the present-day Yamanote Line was opened on 1 March 1885 by the Nippon Railway Company, operating between Shinagawa Station in the south and Akabane Station in the north. The top part of the loop between Ikebukuro and Tabata (a distance of 3.3 km) opened on 1 April 1903, and both lines were merged to become the Yamanote Line on 12 October 1909.

The line was electrified on December 16, 1909, soon after the Osaki – Shinagawa section was double-tracked on November 30.[citation needed] The loop was completed in 1925 with the opening of the double track, electrified section between Kanda and Ueno on 1 November, providing a north–south link via Tokyo Station through the city's business centre. A parallel freight line, also completed in 1925, ran along the inner side of the loop between Shinagawa and Tabata.

During the prewar era, the Ministry of Railways did not issue permits to private suburban railway companies for new lines to cross the Yamanote Line from their terminal stations to the central districts of Tokyo, forcing the companies to terminate services at stations on the line.[citation needed] This policy led to the development of new urban centers (新都心、副都心, shintoshin, fukutoshin) around major transfer points on the Yamanote Line, most notably at Shinjuku and Ikebukuro (which are now the two busiest passenger railway stations in the world).

The contemporary Yamanote Line came into being on 19 November 1956 when it was separated from the Keihin-Tōhoku Line and given its own set of tracks along the eastern side of the loop between Shinagawa and Tabata. However, Yamanote Line trains continued to periodically use the Keihin-Tōhoku tracks, particularly on holidays and during off-peak hours, until rapid service trains were introduced on the Keihin-Tōhoku Line in 1988.

A major explosion on the Yamanote Freight Line in Shinjuku in 1967 led to the diversion of freight traffic to the more distant Musashino Line. To address severe undercapacity, the freight line was repurposed for use by Saikyo Line and Shōnan-Shinjuku Line trains, as well as certain limited express trains such as the Narita Express and some liner services. Likewise, from 14 March 2015 onwards, the Ueno-Tokyo Line starts services, which connects the Tohoku Main Line and Joban Line to the Tokaido Main Line, to provide further relief on the busiest portion of the Yamanote Line today, the segment between Ueno and Tokyo stations.

Automatic train control (ATC) was introduced from 6 December 1981, and digital ATC (D-ATC) was introduced from 30 July 2006.

Station numbering was introduced on JR East stations in the Tokyo area from 20 August 2016, with Yamanote Line stations numbered using the prefix "JY".

A new station, Takanawa Gateway Station, opened on 14 March 2020, in time for the 2020 Summer Olympics to be held in Tokyo. Takanawa Gateway was built on the Yamanote Line and Keihin-Tohoku Line between Shinagawa and Tamachi stations, becoming the first new station on the line since Nishi-Nippori was built in 1971. The distance between Shinagawa and Tamachi stations was 2.2 km, making it the longest stretch of track between stations on the Yamanote Line. The new station was constructed on top of the 20-hectare former railyard, which is undergoing rationalization and redevelopment by JR East; it is roughly parallel to the existing Sengakuji Station on the Toei Asakusa and Keikyu Main lines. The Yamanote Line and the Keihin-Tohoku Line tracks were moved slightly to the east to be aligned closer to the Tokaido Shinkansen tracks. The area on the west side of the yard made available will be redeveloped with high-rise office buildings, creating an international business center with good connections to the Shinkansen and Haneda Airport.

a.^ Crowding levels defined by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism:

100% — Commuters have enough personal space and are able to take a seat or stand while holding onto the straps or hand rails.
150% — Commuters have enough personal space to read a newspaper.
180% — Commuters must fold newspapers to read.
200% — Commuters are pressed against each other in each compartment but can still read small magazines.
250% — Commuters are pressed against each other, unable to move.

b. ^ Ridership of the section between Shinagawa-Tabata (via Shinjuku) including ridership from the Saikyo and Shonan-Shinjuku Lines operating through this section.

c. ^ 「平均通過人員」or average passenger intensity is defined by JR East as Annual passenger-kilometre / route length / number of workdays per year.

  1. "路線別ご利用状況(2014~2018年度)"(PDF). JR East.
  2. "線路別ご利用状況(2011~2015年度)"(PDF). JR East.
  3. "山手線 命名100年-38年前に読み統". Asahi Shimbun (3rd evening ed.). 7 March 2009. p. 14.
  4. 山手線電車100周年. Japan Railfan Magazine. 50. Koyusha CO., LTD. 1 February 2010. pp. 9–50.
  5. 命名100周年!山手線のヒミツ70. Ikaros Publications Ltd. 10 November 2009.
  6. "JR山手線上野-御徒町間が混雑率ワースト2位に-ワースト1位は総武線". 上野経済新聞 (in Japanese). Retrieved20 January 2017.
  7. "混雑率データ(平成30年度)"(PDF). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 18 July 2019.
  8. "平成27年 大都市交通センサス 首都圈報告書"(PDF). P.92. 国土交通省.
  9. 山手線に「次世代通勤電車」 E235系が営業運転を開始 [E235 series "next-generation commuter train" enters service on Yamanote Line]. Chunichi Web (in Japanese). Japan: The Chunichi Shimbun. 30 November 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved19 February 2016.
  10. 山手線 新型車両が3か月ぶりに運転再開 [New Yamanote Line train re-enters service after 3 months]. NHK News Web (in Japanese). Japan: NHK. 7 March 2016. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved7 March 2016.
  11. JR電車編成表 2015冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 21 November 2014. pp. 76–77. ISBN 978-4-330-51614-1.
  12. 山手線6扉車を順次4扉車に [Yamanote Line 6-door cars to be gradually replaced with 4-door cars]. Hobidas (in Japanese). Neko Publishing. 17 February 2010. Retrieved17 February 2010.
  13. 山手線全編成の6扉車置換えが完了 [Yamanote Line 6-door car replacement complete]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 6 September 2011. Retrieved6 September 2011.
  14. 山手線、朝も全座席使えます 混雑率がちょっぴり改善 [Yamanote Line, seats available mornings too; crowding improved slightly] (in Japanese). 17 February 2010. Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved17 February 2010.
  15. 首都圏鉄道完全ガイド 主要JR路線編 [Tokyo Area Complete Railway Guide - Major JR Lines]. Japan: Futabasha. 6 December 2013. p. 13. ISBN 978-4-575-45414-7.
  16. Japan Railfan Magazine, October 2008 issue, p.15
  17. Ishino, Tetsu, ed. (1998). 停車場変遷大辞典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR]. I. Japan: JTB. p. 89. ISBN 4-533-02980-9.
  18. JR東日本で駅ナンバリングの導入開始 [Station introduced on JR East]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 21 August 2016. Archived from the original on 1 September 2016. Retrieved1 September 2016.
  19. "Introducing the newest stop on Tokyo's Yamanote Line: Takanawa Gateway". The Japan Times Online. 4 December 2018. Retrieved5 December 2018.
  20. 田町~品川駅間に新駅を設置し、まちづくりを進めます [New station to be constructed between Tamachi and Shinagawa](PDF) (Press release) (in Japanese). East Japan Railway Company. 3 June 2014. Retrieved4 June 2014.
  21. "New Yamanote Line station eyed". The Japan Times. Kyodo News. 5 January 2012. Retrieved4 February 2014.
  22. Kameda, Masaaki (30 June 2014). "New station to boost Shinagawa's international role". The Japan Times. FYI (column). Retrieved23 August 2014.
  23. "混雑率の推移".
  24. Kikuchi, Daisuke (6 July 2017). "Tokyo plans new effort to ease commuter hell on rush-hour trains". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017.
  25. "路線別ご利用状況:Jr東日本".
  • Shibata, Togo (December 2016). 山手線の車両史 戦後から今日まで [Yamanote Line rolling stock history since the war until today]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 45 no. 392. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. pp. 14–19.
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Yamanote Line
Yamanote Line Language Watch Edit The Yamanote Line Japanese 山手線 Yamanote sen is the loop service in Tokyo Japan operated by East Japan Railway Company JR East It is one of Tokyo s busiest and most important lines connecting most of Tokyo s major stations and urban centres including Marunouchi the Yurakuchō Ginza area Shinagawa Shibuya Shinjuku Ikebukuro and Ueno with all but two of its 30 stations connecting to other railway or underground subway lines Yamanote LineJYYamanote Line E235 series EMUs in March 2019OverviewNative name山手線LocaleTokyo JapanTerminiShinagawa loop Stations30ServiceTypeHeavy railOperator s JR EastDepot s Tokyo General Rolling Stock Centre near Ōsaki Station Rolling stockE235 seriesHistoryOpened1885TechnicalLine length34 5 km 21 4 mi Number of tracks2Track gauge1 067 mm 3 ft 6 in Electrification1 500 V DC overhead lineOperating speed90 km h 55 mph Route map Internally JR East refers to the Yamanote Line as the quadruple track 20 6 km corridor between Shinagawa and Tabata via Shinjuku 1 2 3 The corridor consists of a pair of tracks used by Yamanote local trains and another parallel pair of tracks called the Yamanote Freight Line used by the Saikyō and Shōnan Shinjuku line trains some limited express services and freight trains 4 In everyday usage branding on maps and station signage the Yamanote Line refers to the local service running the entire 34 5 km Line looping between the Yamanote corridor via Shinjuku Station and the central portions of the Tōhoku and Tōkaidō Main Lines Via Tokyo Station 5 This article uses the same definition unless noted otherwise Contents 1 Service outline 2 Ridership and overcrowding 3 Name 4 Station list 5 Rolling stock 5 1 Former rolling stock 5 2 Timeline 6 History 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External linksService outline EditTrains run from 04 26 to 01 18 the next day at intervals as short as 2 minutes during peak periods and four minutes at other times A complete loop takes 59 to 65 minutes All trains stop at each station Trains are put into and taken out of service at Ōsaki which for timetabling purposes is the line s start and terminus and sometimes Ikebukuro Certain trains also start from Tamachi in the mornings and end at Shinagawa in the evenings Trains which run clockwise are known as sotomawari 外回り outer circle and those counter clockwise as uchi mawari 内回り inner circle Trains travel on the left in Japan as with road traffic The line also acts as a fare zone destination for JR tickets from locations outside Tokyo permitting travel to any JR station on or within the loop This refers to stations on the Yamanote Line as well as the Chuō Sōbu and Chuō Rapid Lines and between Sendagaya and Ochanomizu The line colour used on all rolling stock station signs and diagrams is JNR Yellow Green No 6 Munsell code 7 5GY 6 5 7 8 known in Japanese as Japanese bush warbler green ウグイス色 uguisu iro Ridership and overcrowding EditDue to the Yamanote Line s central location connecting most of Tokyo s major commuter hubs and commercial areas the line is very heavily used Sections of the line were running over 250 a capacity in the 1990s remained above 200 a for most of the 2000s 6 with most sections dropping below 150 a in 2018 7 This is due to larger and more frequent trains being introduced to the Yamanote Line and the opening of parallel relief lines such as the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line and Ueno Tokyo Line The maximum overcrowding during rush hour is about 158 The ridership intensity of the Yamanote Line in 2018 was 1 134 963 passengers km km of route 1 b c The ridership of the Yamanote Line cited in a 2015 MLIT National Transit report was 4 098 582 trips per day 8 b However in both cases Yamanote Line refers to JR East s internal definition of the entire rail corridor between Shinagawa and Tabata stations via Shinjuku which includes the ridership of the Saikyō and Shōnan Shinjuku Lines on the parallel Yamanote freight line Meanwhile the ridership of the Yamanote Line services between Tabata and Shinagawa Station via Tokyo are excluded and counted as part of the Tōhoku and Tōkaidō Main Lines Name Edit Yamanote literally refers to inland hillier districts or foothills as distinct from areas close to the sea In Tokyo Yamanote lies along the western side of the Yamanote Line loop The word consists of the Japanese morphemes yama meaning mountain the genitive suffix no and te meaning hand thus literally translating as mountain s hand analogous to the English term foothills Yamanote sen is officially written in Japanese without the kana no の ノ which makes its pronunciation ambiguous in print The characters 山手 may also be pronounced yamate as in Yamate dōri Yamate Street which runs parallel to the west side of the Yamanote Line The Seishin Yamate Line in Kobe and the Yamate area of Yokohama also use this pronunciation After World War II SCAP ordered all train placards to be romanized and the Yamanote Line was romanized as Yamate Line It was thus alternatively known as Yamanote and Yamate until 1971 when the Japanese National Railways changed the pronunciation back to Yamanote Some older people still refer to the line as the Yamate Line citation needed Station list EditStations are listed in order clockwise from Shinagawa to Tabata but for operational purposes trains officially start and terminate at Ōsaki Clockwise 外回り sotomawari outer circle Shinagawa Shibuya Shinjuku Ikebukuro Tabata Ueno Tokyo Shinagawa Counter clockwise 内回り uchimawari inner circle Shinagawa Tokyo Ueno Tabata Ikebukuro Shinjuku Shibuya Shinagawa All stations are located in the special wards of Tokyo All trains on the Yamanote Line are local trains that stop at all stations This table also lists stations where Keihin Tōhoku Line rapid trains would stop Legend Rapid trains stop Rapid trains pass Rapid trains stop only on weekends or holidaysLine name No Station Japanese Distance km Keihin Tōhoku Line Rapid Transfers LocationBetween stations TotalYamanote Line SGW JY 25 Shinagawa 品川 from Takanawa Gateway 0 9 0 0 Tokaido Shinkansen JK Keihin Tōhoku Line JT Tōkaidō Line JU JJ Ueno Tokyo Line JO Yokosuka Line KK Keikyu Main Line KK 01 MinatoOSK JY 24 Ōsaki 大崎 2 0 2 0 JS Shōnan Shinjuku Line JA Saikyō Line R TWR Rinkai Line ShinagawaJY 23 Gotanda 五反田 0 9 2 9 IK Tokyu Ikegami Line A Toei Asakusa Line A 05 JY 22 Meguro 目黒 1 2 4 1 MG Tokyu Meguro Line N Tokyo Metro Namboku Line N 01 I Toei Mita Line I 01 EBS JY 21 Ebisu 恵比寿 1 5 5 6 JS Shōnan Shinjuku Line JA Saikyō Line H Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line H 02 ShibuyaSBY JY 20 Shibuya 渋谷 1 6 7 2 JS Shōnan Shinjuku Line JA Saikyō Line Keio Inokashira Line DT Tokyu Den en toshi Line TY Tokyu Toyoko Line G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line G 01 Z Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line Z 01 F Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line F 16 JY 19 Harajuku 原宿 1 2 8 4 C Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Meiji jingumae C 03 F Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line Meiji jingumae F 15 JY 18 Yoyogi 代々木 1 5 9 9 JB Chuō Sōbu Line E Toei Oedo Line E 26 SJK JY 17 Shinjuku Note 1 新宿 0 7 10 6 JC Chuō Line Rapid JB Chuō Sōbu Line JA Saikyō Line JS Shōnan Shinjuku Line Keio Line Keio New Line Odakyu Odawara Line M Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line M 08 S Toei Shinjuku Line S 01 E Toei Oedo Line E 27 Shinjuku nishiguchi E 01 Seibu Shinjuku Line Seibu Shinjuku ShinjukuJY 16 Shin Ōkubo 新大久保 1 3 11 9 JY 15 Takadanobaba 高田馬場 1 4 13 3 Seibu Shinjuku Line T Tokyo Metro Tozai Line T 03 JY 14 Mejiro 目白 0 9 14 2 ToshimaIKB JY 13 Ikebukuro 池袋 1 2 15 4 JA Saikyō Line JS Shōnan Shinjuku Line Seibu Ikebukuro Line TJ Tōbu Tōjō Line M Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line M 25 Y Tokyo Metro Yurakucho Line Y 09 F Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line F 09 JY 12 Ōtsuka 大塚 1 8 17 2 Toden Arakawa Line Otsuka ekimae JY 11 Sugamo 巣鴨 1 1 18 3 I Toei Mita Line I 15 JY 10 Komagome 駒込 0 7 19 0 N Tokyo Metro Namboku Line N 14 JY 09 Tabata 田端 1 6 20 6 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line KitaTohoku Main LineJY 08 Nishi Nippori 西日暮里 0 8 21 4 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line C Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line C 16 Nippori Toneri Liner 02 ArakawaNPR JY 07 Nippori 日暮里 0 5 21 9 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line JJ Jōban Line Rapid Ueno Tokyo Line KS Keisei Main Line Nippori Toneri Liner 01 JY 06 Uguisudani 鶯谷 1 1 23 0 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line TaitōUEN JY 05 Ueno 上野 1 1 24 1 Tohoku Shinkansen Yamagata Shinkansen Akita Shinkansen Hokkaido Shinkansen Joetsu Shinkansen Hokuriku Shinkansen JK Keihin Tōhoku Line JJ Jōban Line JU Utsunomiya Line Tohoku Main Line JU Takasaki Line JU JT JJ Ueno Tokyo Line G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line G 16 H Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line H 18 KS Keisei Main Line Keisei Ueno JY 04 Okachimachi 御徒町 0 6 24 7 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line R Note 2 E Toei Oedo Line Ueno okachimachi E 09 G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line Ueno hirokoji G 15 H Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line Naka okachimachi H 17 AKB JY 03 Akihabara 秋葉原 1 0 25 7 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line JB Chuō Sōbu Line Tsukuba Express 01 H Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line H 16 ChiyodaKND JY 02 Kanda 神田 0 7 26 4 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line JC Chuō Line G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line G 13 TYO JY 01 Tokyo 東京 1 3 27 7 Tokaido Shinkansen Tohoku Shinkansen Yamagata Shinkansen Akita Shinkansen Hokkaido Shinkansen Joetsu Shinkansen Hokuriku Shinkansen JK Keihin Tōhoku Line JC Chuō Line JT Tōkaidō Line JT JU JJ Ueno Tokyo Line JO Yokosuka Line JO Sōbu Line Rapid JE Keiyō Line some through services to JM Musashino Line M Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line M 17 also accessible via Otemachi M 18 T Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line Ōtemachi T 09 C Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Ōtemachi C 11 C Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Nijubashimae C 10 Z Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line Otemachi Z 08 I Toei Mita Line Otemachi I 09 Tokaido Main LineJY 30 Yurakuchō 有楽町 0 8 28 5 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line Y Tokyo Metro Yurakucho Line Y 18 JE Keiyō Line Tokyo JE01 H Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line Hibiya H 08 C Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line Hibiya C 09 I Toei Mita Line Hibiya I 08 SMB JY 29 Shimbashi 新橋 1 1 29 6 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line JT Tōkaidō Line JU JU JJ Ueno Tokyo Line JO Yokosuka Line G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line G 08 A Toei Asakusa Line A 10 Yurikamome U 01 MinatoHMC JY 28 Hamamatsuchō 浜松町 1 2 30 8 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line MO Tokyo Monorail A Toei Asakusa Line Daimon A 09 E Toei Oedo Line Daimon E 20 JY 27 Tamachi 田町 1 5 32 3 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line A Toei Asakusa Line Mita A 08 I Toei Mita Line Mita I 4 TGW JY 26 Takanawa Gateway 高輪ゲートウェイ 1 3 33 6 JK Keihin Tōhoku Line A Toei Asakusa Line Sengakuji A 07 KK Keikyu Main Line Sengakuji SGW JY 25 Shinagawa 品川 0 9 34 5 See above The southern half of Shinjuku Station is in Shibuya ward so technically the Yamanote Line has 4 5 stations in Shibuya ward and 2 5 stations in Shinjuku ward Stops on weekends and national holidays only Rolling stock EditAs of January 2020 update the line s services are operated exclusively by a fleet of 50 11 car E235 series EMUs the first of which was introduced on the line on 30 November 2015 However a number of technical faults including problems with door close indicators resulted in the train being taken out of service the same day 9 The E235 series returned to service on the Yamanote Line on 7 March 2016 10 Former rolling stock Edit Former E231 500 series 6 door car with the seats folded up January 2010 Prior to the E235 series the line s services were operated by E231 500 series EMUs which were in use from April 21 2002 11 to January 20 2020 These trains originally each included two six door cars with six pairs of doors per side and bench seats that were folded up to provide standing room only during the morning peak until 10 a m From February 22 2010 the seats were no longer folded up during the morning peak 12 and all trains were standardized with newly built four door cars by 31 August 2011 13 This was due to reduced congestion on the line as well as preparation for the installation of platform doors on all stations by 2017 14 The E231 series supported a new type of traffic control system called digital Automatic Train Control D ATC The series also had a more modern design and has two 15 inch LCD monitors above each door one of which is used for displaying silent commercials news and weather and another which is used for displaying information on the next stop in Japanese English Korean and more along with notification of delays on Shinkansen and other railway lines in the greater Tokyo area The E231 500 series trains were based at Tokyo General Rolling Stock Centre near Ōsaki Station 11 Play media Video of a train on the Yamanote Line DeHo 6100 series from 1909 until unknown date MoHa 10 63 series 72 series 101 series Canary yellow livery from September 1961 until circa 1968 15 103 series Uguisu green livery from December 1963 until June 26 1988 16 205 series from March 25 1985 until April 17 2005 E231 500 series from April 21 2002 until January 20 2020 63 series A yellow Tsurumi Line 101 series train A Yamanote Line 103 series train in March 1985 A Yamanote Line 205 series train in February 2003 A Yamanote Line E231 500 series set in March 2009Timeline Edit 101 series103 series205 seriesE231 500 seriesE235 series 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020Rolling stock transitions since 1960History EditThis section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed May 2014 Learn how and when to remove this template message The construction of the Yamanote Line and current JR lines The Yamanote Line in 1925 The predecessor of the present day Yamanote Line was opened on 1 March 1885 by the Nippon Railway Company operating between Shinagawa Station in the south and Akabane Station in the north 17 The top part of the loop between Ikebukuro and Tabata a distance of 3 3 km opened on 1 April 1903 and both lines were merged to become the Yamanote Line on 12 October 1909 17 The line was electrified on December 16 1909 soon after the Osaki Shinagawa section was double tracked on November 30 citation needed The loop was completed in 1925 with the opening of the double track electrified section between Kanda and Ueno on 1 November providing a north south link via Tokyo Station through the city s business centre 15 A parallel freight line also completed in 1925 ran along the inner side of the loop between Shinagawa and Tabata During the prewar era the Ministry of Railways did not issue permits to private suburban railway companies for new lines to cross the Yamanote Line from their terminal stations to the central districts of Tokyo forcing the companies to terminate services at stations on the line citation needed This policy led to the development of new urban centers 新都心 副都心 shintoshin fukutoshin around major transfer points on the Yamanote Line most notably at Shinjuku and Ikebukuro which are now the two busiest passenger railway stations in the world The contemporary Yamanote Line came into being on 19 November 1956 when it was separated from the Keihin Tōhoku Line and given its own set of tracks along the eastern side of the loop between Shinagawa and Tabata 15 However Yamanote Line trains continued to periodically use the Keihin Tōhoku tracks particularly on holidays and during off peak hours until rapid service trains were introduced on the Keihin Tōhoku Line in 1988 A major explosion on the Yamanote Freight Line in Shinjuku in 1967 led to the diversion of freight traffic to the more distant Musashino Line To address severe undercapacity the freight line was repurposed for use by Saikyo Line and Shōnan Shinjuku Line trains as well as certain limited express trains such as the Narita Express and some liner services Likewise from 14 March 2015 onwards the Ueno Tokyo Line starts services which connects the Tohoku Main Line and Joban Line to the Tokaido Main Line to provide further relief on the busiest portion of the Yamanote Line today the segment between Ueno and Tokyo stations Automatic train control ATC was introduced from 6 December 1981 and digital ATC D ATC was introduced from 30 July 2006 15 Station numbering was introduced on JR East stations in the Tokyo area from 20 August 2016 with Yamanote Line stations numbered using the prefix JY 18 A new station Takanawa Gateway Station 19 opened on 14 March 2020 in time for the 2020 Summer Olympics to be held in Tokyo 20 Takanawa Gateway was built on the Yamanote Line and Keihin Tohoku Line between Shinagawa and Tamachi stations becoming the first new station on the line since Nishi Nippori was built in 1971 21 22 The distance between Shinagawa and Tamachi stations was 2 2 km making it the longest stretch of track between stations on the Yamanote Line 21 The new station was constructed on top of the 20 hectare former railyard which is undergoing rationalization and redevelopment by JR East it is roughly parallel to the existing Sengakuji Station on the Toei Asakusa and Keikyu Main lines The Yamanote Line and the Keihin Tohoku Line tracks were moved slightly to the east to be aligned closer to the Tokaido Shinkansen tracks The area on the west side of the yard made available will be redeveloped with high rise office buildings creating an international business center with good connections to the Shinkansen and Haneda Airport 21 See also Edit Tokyo portal Osaka Loop Line a similar loop line serving Central Osaka Musashino Line a line regarded by JR East as part of the Tokyo Mega Loop Notes Edita Crowding levels defined by the Ministry of Land Infrastructure Transport and Tourism 23 24 100 Commuters have enough personal space and are able to take a seat or stand while holding onto the straps or hand rails 150 Commuters have enough personal space to read a newspaper 180 Commuters must fold newspapers to read 200 Commuters are pressed against each other in each compartment but can still read small magazines 250 Commuters are pressed against each other unable to move b Ridership of the section between Shinagawa Tabata via Shinjuku including ridership from the Saikyo and Shonan Shinjuku Lines operating through this section c 平均通過人員 or average passenger intensity is defined by JR East as Annual passenger kilometre route length number of workdays per year 25 References Edit a b 路線別ご利用状況 2014 2018年度 PDF JR East 線路別ご利用状況 2011 2015年度 PDF JR East 山手線 命名100年 38年前に読み統 Asahi Shimbun 3rd evening ed 7 March 2009 p 14 山手線電車100周年 Japan Railfan Magazine 50 Koyusha CO LTD 1 February 2010 pp 9 50 命名100周年 山手線のヒミツ70 Ikaros Publications Ltd 10 November 2009 JR山手線上野 御徒町間が混雑率ワースト2位に ワースト1位は総武線 上野経済新聞 in Japanese Retrieved 20 January 2017 混雑率データ 平成30年度 PDF Ministry of Land Infrastructure Transport and Tourism 18 July 2019 平成27年 大都市交通センサス 首都圈報告書 PDF P 92 国土交通省 山手線に 次世代通勤電車 E235系が営業運転を開始 E235 series next generation commuter train enters service on Yamanote Line Chunichi Web in Japanese Japan The Chunichi Shimbun 30 November 2015 Archived from the original on 8 December 2015 Retrieved 19 February 2016 山手線 新型車両が3か月ぶりに運転再開 New Yamanote Line train re enters service after 3 months NHK News Web in Japanese Japan NHK 7 March 2016 Archived from the original on 7 March 2016 Retrieved 7 March 2016 a b JR電車編成表 2015冬 JR EMU Formations Winter 2015 in Japanese Japan Kotsu Shimbunsha 21 November 2014 pp 76 77 ISBN 978 4 330 51614 1 山手線6扉車を順次4扉車に Yamanote Line 6 door cars to be gradually replaced with 4 door cars Hobidas in Japanese Neko Publishing 17 February 2010 Retrieved 17 February 2010 山手線全編成の6扉車置換えが完了 Yamanote Line 6 door car replacement complete Japan Railfan Magazine Online in Japanese Japan Koyusha Co Ltd 6 September 2011 Retrieved 6 September 2011 山手線 朝も全座席使えます 混雑率がちょっぴり改善 Yamanote Line seats available mornings too crowding improved slightly in Japanese 17 February 2010 Archived from the original on 17 February 2010 Retrieved 17 February 2010 a b c d 首都圏鉄道完全ガイド 主要JR路線編 Tokyo Area Complete Railway Guide Major JR Lines Japan Futabasha 6 December 2013 p 13 ISBN 978 4 575 45414 7 Japan Railfan Magazine October 2008 issue p 15 a b Ishino Tetsu ed 1998 停車場変遷大辞典 国鉄 JR編 Station Transition Directory JNR JR I Japan JTB p 89 ISBN 4 533 02980 9 JR東日本で駅ナンバリングの導入開始 Station introduced on JR East Japan Railfan Magazine Online in Japanese Japan Koyusha Co Ltd 21 August 2016 Archived from the original on 1 September 2016 Retrieved 1 September 2016 Introducing the newest stop on Tokyo s Yamanote Line Takanawa Gateway The Japan Times Online 4 December 2018 Retrieved 5 December 2018 田町 品川駅間に新駅を設置し まちづくりを進めます New station to be constructed between Tamachi and Shinagawa PDF Press release in Japanese East Japan Railway Company 3 June 2014 Retrieved 4 June 2014 a b c New Yamanote Line station eyed The Japan Times Kyodo News 5 January 2012 Retrieved 4 February 2014 Kameda Masaaki 30 June 2014 New station to boost Shinagawa s international role The Japan Times FYI column Retrieved 23 August 2014 混雑率の推移 Kikuchi Daisuke 6 July 2017 Tokyo plans new effort to ease commuter hell on rush hour trains The Japan Times Archived from the original on 6 July 2017 路線別ご利用状況 Jr東日本 Further reading EditShibata Togo December 2016 山手線の車両史 戦後から今日まで Yamanote Line rolling stock history since the war until today Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine in Japanese Vol 45 no 392 Japan Kotsu Shimbun pp 14 19 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Yamanote Line Stations of the Yamanote Line JR East in Japanese Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yamanote Line amp oldid 1041180007, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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