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Yang Baibing

In this Chinese name, the family name is Yang.

Yang Baibing (simplified Chinese:杨白冰; traditional Chinese:楊白冰; pinyin: Yáng Báibīng; 9 September 1920 – 15 January 2013) was a senior general and political commissar in the Chinese People's Liberation Army and the younger half-brother of Yang Shangkun. Together, the two brothers effectively controlled the PLA from the early 1980s until the early 1990s.

Yang Baibing
Birth nameYang Shangzheng
Born9 September 1920
Tongnan, Chongqing
Died15 January 2013 (2013-01-16) (aged 92)
Beijing
Service/branchPeople's Liberation Army
Years of service1938-1993
Yang Baibing
Traditional Chinese楊白冰
Simplified Chinese杨白冰
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinYáng Báibīng

Yang was born as Yang Shangzheng (simplified Chinese:杨尚正; traditional Chinese:楊尚正; pinyin: Yáng Shàngzhèng) in Tongnan, Chongqing, on 9 September 1920. He became a guerrilla fighter in 1937, after Japan invaded China and joined the Communist Party of China in March 1938. He graduated from the Military–Political University, the Central Party School, and the "Northern Shaanxi Public School", which trained security and intelligence officers for the Communist Party's Central Department of Social Affairs. Many years later, in 1958, he also graduated from the Higher Political Academy of the PLA.

Yang had a long and eventful military career, serving as both battlefield commander and political commissar. He fought in the Second Sino–Japanese War and subsequently in the Chinese Civil War, which led to the victory of the CPC and the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949. From 1949 until 1966 and the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution, Yang continuously served in the Southwest, and took part in the invasion and conquest of Tibet in 1950–51, as well as the crushing of the 1959 Tibetan Rebellion. In 1960 he became Deputy Director, and in 1964 Director, of the Political Department of the Chengdu Military Region.

Along with his half-brother Yang Shangkun, Yang Baibing was persecuted during the Cultural Revolution, being arrested, imprisoned and expelled from the Party in November 1966. He remained in prison for almost a decade, until he was released in 1975. In 1978, both Yang brothers made their comeback as allies of Deng Xiaoping. Yang Baibing went on to serve as:

Together with his brother Yang Shangkun, Yang Baibing played a leading role in crushing the 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests and was a main planner of the actual operations to clear the square and violently suppress all opposition. The PLA 27th Group Army, which arrived from Hebei and killed several hundred protesters, was commanded by his son, Yang Jianhua.

In the early 1990s, Yang was one of many top Chinese officials who pushed for a strategic partnership with Russia, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, despite the fact that just a few years earlier, in the 1980s, the PLA was very active in aiding the Mujahedeen against the Soviets in Afghanistan. Yang himself was very active in coordinating military assistance to the Afghans throughout the 1980s, which eventually included weapons such as heavy machine guns, rocket launchers and anti-aircraft artillery.

Yang died in Beijing on 15 January 2013, at the age of 92.

  1. Xiaobing Li, ed. (2012). "Yang Shangkun (Yang Shang-kun) (1907-1998)". China at war: an Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 512–514.
  2. "Biography of Yang Baibing". China Vitae. Retrieved18 November 2010.
  3. "Gen. Yang Baibing Dies at 93; Led Tiananmen Crackdown". New York Times. 18 January 2013.
  4. Eftimiades, Nicholas (1994). Chinese Intelligence Operations. Annapolis/London: Naval Institute Press/Frank Cass. pp. 17, 99–102.
  5. "Yang Baibing Died" (in Chinese). Xinhuanet. 16 January 2013. Archived from the original on 19 March 2013. Retrieved16 January 2013.


Yang Baibing
Yang Baibing Language Watch Edit In this Chinese name the family name is Yang Yang Baibing simplified Chinese 杨白冰 traditional Chinese 楊白冰 pinyin Yang Baibing 9 September 1920 15 January 2013 was a senior general and political commissar in the Chinese People s Liberation Army and the younger half brother of Yang Shangkun Together the two brothers effectively controlled the PLA from the early 1980s until the early 1990s 1 2 3 Yang BaibingBirth nameYang ShangzhengBorn9 September 1920 Tongnan ChongqingDied15 January 2013 2013 01 16 aged 92 BeijingService wbr branchPeople s Liberation ArmyYears of service1938 1993Yang BaibingTraditional Chinese楊白冰Simplified Chinese杨白冰TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinYang BaibingBiography EditYang was born as Yang Shangzheng simplified Chinese 杨尚正 traditional Chinese 楊尚正 pinyin Yang Shangzheng in Tongnan Chongqing on 9 September 1920 He became a guerrilla fighter in 1937 after Japan invaded China and joined the Communist Party of China in March 1938 He graduated from the Military Political University the Central Party School and the Northern Shaanxi Public School which trained security and intelligence officers for the Communist Party s Central Department of Social Affairs Many years later in 1958 he also graduated from the Higher Political Academy of the PLA Yang had a long and eventful military career serving as both battlefield commander and political commissar He fought in the Second Sino Japanese War and subsequently in the Chinese Civil War which led to the victory of the CPC and the establishment of the People s Republic of China in 1949 From 1949 until 1966 and the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution Yang continuously served in the Southwest and took part in the invasion and conquest of Tibet in 1950 51 as well as the crushing of the 1959 Tibetan Rebellion In 1960 he became Deputy Director and in 1964 Director of the Political Department of the Chengdu Military Region Along with his half brother Yang Shangkun Yang Baibing was persecuted during the Cultural Revolution being arrested imprisoned and expelled from the Party in November 1966 He remained in prison for almost a decade until he was released in 1975 In 1978 both Yang brothers made their comeback as allies of Deng Xiaoping Yang Baibing went on to serve as Director of the Political Department and Deputy Political Commissar of the Beijing Military Region 1978 1985 Political Commissar of the Beijing Military Region 1985 1987 Director of the PLA General Political Department 1987 1992 Secretary General of the Central Military Commission 1989 1992 Full Member of the Politburo 1992 1997 Together with his brother Yang Shangkun Yang Baibing played a leading role in crushing the 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests and was a main planner of the actual operations to clear the square and violently suppress all opposition The PLA 27th Group Army which arrived from Hebei and killed several hundred protesters was commanded by his son Yang Jianhua In the early 1990s Yang was one of many top Chinese officials who pushed for a strategic partnership with Russia following the collapse of the Soviet Union despite the fact that just a few years earlier in the 1980s the PLA was very active in aiding the Mujahedeen against the Soviets in Afghanistan Yang himself was very active in coordinating military assistance to the Afghans throughout the 1980s which eventually included weapons such as heavy machine guns rocket launchers and anti aircraft artillery 4 Yang died in Beijing on 15 January 2013 at the age of 92 5 References Edit Xiaobing Li ed 2012 Yang Shangkun Yang Shang kun 1907 1998 China at war an Encyclopedia ABC CLIO pp 512 514 Biography of Yang Baibing China Vitae Retrieved 18 November 2010 Gen Yang Baibing Dies at 93 Led Tiananmen Crackdown New York Times 18 January 2013 Eftimiades Nicholas 1994 Chinese Intelligence Operations Annapolis London Naval Institute Press Frank Cass pp 17 99 102 Yang Baibing Died in Chinese Xinhuanet 16 January 2013 Archived from the original on 19 March 2013 Retrieved 16 January 2013 This biographical article related to the military of China is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yang Baibing amp oldid 1046519461, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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