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Yanshi District

Yanshi District (simplified Chinese:偃师区; traditional Chinese:偃師區; pinyin: Yǎnshī Qū) is a district in the prefecture-level city of Luoyang in western Henan province, China. Yanshi lies on the Luo River and is the easternmost county-level division of Luoyang.

Contents

After the Zhou conquest of Shang in mid-11th century BC, King Wu of Zhou founded a garrison town to the east of modern Yanshi to accommodate some of the campaigning troops. The name "Yanshi" is short of "settling down the Rong army" (息偃戎师). When Qin annexed Zhou in 256 BC, Yanshi County was established. The county's borders underwent several changes over the course of history.

In 1993, Yanshi County became the county-level Yanshi City.

In 2021, it became Yanshi District.

As of 2012, Yanshi is divided to 11 towns and 3 townships.

Towns
Townships

There are two important archaeological sites in this area.

Erlitou site

The Erlitou culture (1900–1500 BC) was discovered in Yanshi in 1959. Erlitou is the name of the modern village nearby; the traditional name of the settlement was Zhenxun (斟鄩, Zhēnxún).

Yanshi Shang City

In 1983, a walled city dating from 1600 BC was found 6 km (3.7 mi) north-east of the Erlitou site in Yanshi's Shixianggou Township. This city, now known as Yanshi Shang City (偃师商城, Yǎnshī Shāngchéng), had an area of nearly 200 ha (490 acres) and featured pottery characteristic of the Erligang culture. Some scholars—including the Xia–Shang–Zhou Chronology Project—identify it with the first Shang dynasty capital, Western Bo (西亳, Xībó) which was traditionally credited to King Tang after his defeat of the Xia dynasty.

  1. 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved2021-01-12.
  2. "国务院同意河南省洛阳市调整部分行政区划". 2021-03-18.
  3. "历史人文". Yanshi City Government. Retrieved24 March 2020.
  4. 洛阳市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved2012-05-24.
  5. Liu, Li; Xu, Hong (2007). "Rethinking Erlitou: legend, history and Chinese archaeology". Antiquity. 81 (314): 886–901. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00095983. hdl:1959.9/58390.
  6. Lee, Yun Kuen (2002). "Building the chronology of early Chinese history". Asian Perspectives. 41 (1): 15–42. doi:10.1353/asi.2002.0006. hdl:10125/17161.
  7. Schinz, Alfred (1996). The magic square: cities in ancient China. Edition Axel Menges. ISBN 978-3-930698-02-8.


Yanshi District
Yanshi District Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Yanshi Yanshi District 2 simplified Chinese 偃师区 traditional Chinese 偃師區 pinyin Yǎnshi Qu is a district in the prefecture level city of Luoyang in western Henan province China Yanshi lies on the Luo River and is the easternmost county level division of Luoyang Yanshi 偃师区DistrictYanshiLocation in HenanCoordinates 34 43 37 N 112 47 24 E 34 727 N 112 790 E 34 727 112 790 Coordinates 34 43 37 N 112 47 24 E 34 727 N 112 790 E 34 727 112 790CountryPeople s Republic of ChinaProvinceHenanPrefecture level cityLuoyangArea 1 Total888 km2 343 sq mi Population 2019 1 Total572 900Time zoneUTC 8 China Standard Postal code471900 Contents 1 History 2 Administrative divisions 3 Archaeological sites 3 1 Erlitou site 3 2 Yanshi Shang City 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory EditAfter the Zhou conquest of Shang in mid 11th century BC King Wu of Zhou founded a garrison town to the east of modern Yanshi to accommodate some of the campaigning troops The name Yanshi is short of settling down the Rong army 息偃戎师 When Qin annexed Zhou in 256 BC Yanshi County was established The county s borders underwent several changes over the course of history In 1993 Yanshi County became the county level Yanshi City 3 In 2021 it became Yanshi District 2 Administrative divisions EditAs of 2012 Yanshi is divided to 11 towns and 3 townships 4 TownsChengguan 城关镇 Shouyangshan 首阳山镇 Dianzhuang 佃庄镇 Zhaizhen 翟镇镇 Yuetan 岳滩镇 Guxian 顾县镇 Goushi 缑氏镇 Fudian 府店镇 Gaolong 高龙镇 Koudian 寇店镇 Pangcun 庞村镇 TownshipsShanhua Township 山化乡 Mangling Township 邙岭乡 Dakou Township 大口乡 Archaeological sites EditThere are two important archaeological sites in this area Erlitou site Edit The Erlitou culture 1900 1500 BC was discovered in Yanshi in 1959 5 Erlitou is the name of the modern village nearby the traditional name of the settlement was Zhenxun 斟鄩 Zhenxun Yanshi Shang City Edit In 1983 a walled city dating from 1600 BC was found 6 km 3 7 mi north east of the Erlitou site in Yanshi s Shixianggou Township 5 This city now known as Yanshi Shang City 偃师商城 Yǎnshi Shangcheng had an area of nearly 200 ha 490 acres and featured pottery characteristic of the Erligang culture 6 Some scholars including the Xia Shang Zhou Chronology Project 6 identify it with the first Shang dynasty capital Western Bo 西亳 Xibo which was traditionally credited to King Tang after his defeat of the Xia dynasty 7 See also EditBattle of YanshiReferences Edit a b 最新人口信息 www hongheiku com in Chinese hongheiku Retrieved 2021 01 12 a b 国务院同意河南省洛阳市调整部分行政区划 2021 03 18 历史人文 Yanshi City Government Retrieved 24 March 2020 洛阳市 行政区划网 www xzqh org in Chinese XZQH Retrieved 2012 05 24 a b Liu Li Xu Hong 2007 Rethinking Erlitou legend history and Chinese archaeology Antiquity 81 314 886 901 doi 10 1017 S0003598X00095983 hdl 1959 9 58390 a b Lee Yun Kuen 2002 Building the chronology of early Chinese history Asian Perspectives 41 1 15 42 doi 10 1353 asi 2002 0006 hdl 10125 17161 Schinz Alfred 1996 The magic square cities in ancient China Edition Axel Menges ISBN 978 3 930698 02 8 This Henan location article is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yanshi District amp oldid 1041732156, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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