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Yaqut al-Hamawi

Yāqūt Shihāb al-Dīn ibn-'Abdullāh al-Rūmī al-Hamawī (1179–1229) (Arabic:ياقوت الحموي الرومي‎) is famous for his great "geography", Mu'jam ul-Buldān, an encyclopedia of Islam written in the late Abbāsid era and as much a work of biography, history and literature as a simple work of geography.

Yaqut ibn-'Abdullah al-Rumi al-Hamawi
Personal
Born1179
Died1229 (aged 49–50)
ReligionIslam
EraLater Abbasid era 12th-13th century
RegionMesopotamia
Main interest(s)Islamic history, geography, biography

Contents

Yāqūt (ruby or hyacinth) was the kunya of Ibn Abdullāh ("son of Abdullāh"). He was born in Constantinople, and as his nisba "al-Rumi" ("from Rūm") indicates he had Byzantine Greek ancestry. Yāqūt was "mawali" to ‘Askar ibn Abī Naṣr al-Ḥamawī, a trader of Baghdad, Iraq, the seat of the Abbasid Caliphate, from whom he received the laqab "Al-Hamawī". As ‘Askar's apprentice, he learned about accounting and commerce, becoming his envoy on trade missions and travelling twice or three times to Kish in the Persian Gulf. In 1194 ‘Askar stopped his salary over some dispute and Yāqūt found work as copyist to support himself. He embarked on a course of study under the grammarian Al-‘Ukbarî. Five years later he was on another mission to Kish for ‘Askar. On his return to Baghdad he set up as a bookseller and began his writing career.

Yāqūt spent ten years travelling in Persia, Syria, and Egypt and his significance as a scholar lies in his testimony of the great, and largely lost, literary heritage found in libraries east of the Caspian Sea, being one of the last visitors before their destruction by Mongol invaders. He gained much material from the libraries of the ancient cities of Merv – (present-day Turkmenistan), where he had studied for two years, – and of Balkh. Circa 1222 he was working on his "Geography" in Mosul and completed the first draft in 1224. In 1227 he was in Alexandria. From there he moved to Aleppo, where he died in 1229.

Marâçid; a 6-volume Latin edition by Theodor Juynboll, published as Lexicon geographicum, cui titulus est, Marâsid al ittilâ’ ‘ala asmâ’ al-amkina wa-l-biqâ, in 1852. vol.3, archive.org
  • Heer, Friedrich Justus (1898). Die historischen und geographischen Quellen in Jāqūt's geographischem Wörterbuch (in Arabic and German). Strassburg: K.J. Trübner.
  • Abdullah, Muhammad A.H. (1983). "Yaqut al-Hamawi, the Man and His Work Mu'jam al-buldan" (Thesis). Ypsilanti: Eastern Michigan University.
  • ‘Abd al-Karim, Gamal (1974). "La España musulmana en la obra de Yaqut (s. XII[-]XIII)". repertório enciclopédico de ciudades, castillos y lugares de al-Andalus: extraído del Mu’yam al-buldan (diccionario de los países). Granada: University of Granada.
  • ‘Abd al-Karim, Gamal (1977), Terminología geográfico-administrativa e historia político-cultural de al-Andalus en el Mu'yam al-buldan de Yaqut (3rd ed.), Seville: University of Seville
  • Blachère, Régis (1936) [1913]. "Yaqut al-Rumi, 1153[-]54". In M.T. Houtsma; et al. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. 4 (1st ed.). Leiden: E.J. Brill.
  • Barbier de Meynard, Charles (1861), Dictionnaire géographique, historique et littéraire de la Perse et des contrées adjacentes, extrait du Modjem el-Bouldan de Yaqout, et complété à l'aide de documents arabes et persans pour la plupart inédits, Paris: Imprimerie Impériale
  • Bloch, Ernst (1929), Harawîs Schrift über die muhammedanischen Wallfahrtsorte, eine der Quellen des Jâqût, Bonn: Verein Studentenwohl
  • Dib, al-Sayyid, Muhammad (1988), Yaqut al-Hamawi: 'adiban wa-naqidan, Cairo: Dar al-Tiba’ah al-Muhammadiyah
  • Elahie, R.M.N.E. (1965), The Life and Works of Yaqut ibn Abd Allah al-Hamawi, Lahore: Panjab University Press
  • Heer, F. Justus (1898), Die historischen und geographischen Quellen in Jaqut's geographischem Wörterbuch, Strassburg: K.J. Trubner
  • The Introductory Chapters of Yaqut's Mu'jam al-Buldan, translated by Jwaideh, Wadie, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1987 [1959]
  • Krachkovskii, I.J. (1957), "Izbrannye sochineniia", Arabskaia Geograficheskaia Literatura, Moscow: Akademiia Nauk SSSR, 4
  • Maqbul Ahmad, Seyyed (1980) [1970], ""Yaqut al-Hamawi al-Rumi"", in Coulston Gillispe, Charles (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography, 14: 546[-]48, New York: Scribner
  • Marun, Jurj Khalil (1997), Shu'ara' al-amkinah wa-ash'aruhum fi Mu'jam al-buldan, 2, Beirut: al-Maktabah al-’Asriyah
  • Rescher, Oskar (1928), Sachindex zu Wüstenfeld's Ausgabe von Jâqût's "Mu'gam el-buldân" (nebst einem alfabetischen Verzeichnis der darin angeführten Werke), Stuttgart: Harrassowitz
  • Sa’di, ‘Abbas Fadil (1992), Yaqut al-Hamawi: dirasah fi al-turath al-jughrafi al-'arabi ma'a al-tarkiz 'ala al-'Iraq fi Mu'jam al-buldan, Beirut: Dar al-Tali’ah lil-Tiba’ah wa-al-Nashr
  • Sellheim, Rudolf (1966). Voigt, Wolfgang (ed.). "Neue Materialien zur Biographie des Yaqut". Forschungen und Fortschritte der Katalogisierung der Orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland. Wiesbaden: Steiner: xvi[–]xxxiv.
  • Shami, ‘Abd al-Al ‘Abd al-Mu’nim (1981), Mudun Misr wa-quraha 'inda Yaqut al-Hamawi, Kuwait: al-Jam’iyah al-Jughrafiyah al-Kuwaytiyah
  • Shamsuddin, Ahmad (1993), Faharis mu'jam al-udaba', aw, Irshad al-arib ila ma'rifat al-adib, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyah
  • Tawanisi, Abu al-Futuh Muhammad (1971), Yaqut al-Hamawi: al-jughrafi al-rahhalah al-adib, Cairo: al-Hay’ah al-Misriyah al-’Ammah lil-Ta’lif wa-al-Nashr
  • ‘Umari, Muhammad Abu ‘Abd Allah (1994), Ithaf al-khillan bi-ma'arif Mu'jam al-buldan, 2, Riyadh: Dar al-Sumay’i
  1. The term "mawali" can be translated as client, apprentice or slave.
  1. Dodge, Bayard, ed. (1970). The Fihrist of al-Nadim. 2. New York & London: Columbia University Press. p. 902.
  2. David C. Conrad, Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay, (Shoreline Publishing, 2005), 26.
  3. Ludwig W. Adamec, The A to Z of Islam, (Scarecrow Press, 2009), 333.
  4. "The Dictionary of Countries". World Digital Library. Retrieved5 October 2015.
  5. cf. F. Wüstenfeld, "Jacut's Reisen" in the Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, vol xviii. pp. 397–493
  6. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Yāqūt". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 904.
  7. "Homework Help, Book Summaries, Study Guides, Essays, Lesson Plans, & Educational Resources". BookRags.com. 2010-11-02. Retrieved2012-11-20.

Yaqut al-Hamawi
Yaqut al Hamawi Language Watch Edit Yaqut Shihab al Din 1 ibn Abdullah al Rumi al Hamawi 1179 1229 Arabic ياقوت الحموي الرومي is famous for his great geography Mu jam ul Buldan an encyclopedia of Islam written in the late Abbasid era and as much a work of biography history and literature as a simple work of geography 2 3 Yaqut ibn Abdullah al Rumi al HamawiPersonalBorn1179 Constantinople Byzantine EmpireDied1229 aged 49 50 Aleppo Zengid EmpireReligionIslamEraLater Abbasid era 12th 13th centuryRegionMesopotamiaMain interest s Islamic history geography biography Contents 1 Life 2 Works 3 Commentary 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksLife EditYaqut ruby or hyacinth was the kunya of Ibn Abdullah son of Abdullah He was born in Constantinople and as his nisba al Rumi from Rum indicates he had Byzantine Greek ancestry 4 Yaqut was mawali note 1 to Askar ibn Abi Naṣr al Ḥamawi a trader of Baghdad Iraq the seat of the Abbasid Caliphate from whom he received the laqab Al Hamawi As Askar s apprentice he learned about accounting and commerce becoming his envoy on trade missions and travelling twice or three times to Kish in the Persian Gulf 5 In 1194 Askar stopped his salary over some dispute and Yaqut found work as copyist to support himself He embarked on a course of study under the grammarian Al Ukbari Five years later he was on another mission to Kish for Askar On his return to Baghdad he set up as a bookseller and began his writing career 6 Yaqut spent ten years travelling in Persia Syria and Egypt and his significance as a scholar lies in his testimony of the great and largely lost literary heritage found in libraries east of the Caspian Sea being one of the last visitors before their destruction by Mongol invaders He gained much material from the libraries of the ancient cities of Merv present day Turkmenistan where he had studied for two years 7 and of Balkh Circa 1222 he was working on his Geography in Mosul and completed the first draft in 1224 In 1227 he was in Alexandria From there he moved to Aleppo where he died in 1229 6 Works EditKitab Mu jam al Buldan Arabic معجم البلدان Dictionary of Countries Ar Book 1 Ar Appendix Book 1 Classified a literary geography composed between 1224 and 1228 and completed a year before the author s death An alphabetical index of place names from the literary corpus of the Arabs vocalizations their Arabic or foreign derivation and location Yaqut supplements geographic descriptions with historical ethnographic and associated narrative material with historical sketches and accounts of Muslim conquests names of governors monuments local celebrities etc and preserves much valuable early literary historical biographic and geographic material of prose and poetry 6 ed F Wustenfeld 6 vols Leipzig 1866 73 Irshad al Arib ila Ma rifat al Adib or Dictionary of Learned Men of Yaqut ed D S Margoliouth 7 vols E J W Gibb Memorial Series vol VI Leiden Brill 1907 31 download archive org Mu jam al Udaba Irshad al Arib ila Ma rifat al Adib Arabic معجم الادباء إرشاد الأريب إلا معرفة الأديب Literary Encyclopedia Expert Guide to Literature 1226 Ar www archive org Ar Beirut 1993 al Mushtarak wadh a wal Muftaraq Sa qa Arabic المشترک وضعا والمفترق صعقا 1845 edition by Ferdinand Wustenfeld Maracid a 6 volume Latin edition by Theodor Juynboll published as Lexicon geographicum cui titulus est Marasid al ittila ala asma al amkina wa l biqa in 1852 vol 3 archive org dd Yaqut ibn Abd Allah al Hamawi 1861 Charles Barbier de Meynard ed Dictionnaire geographique historique et litteraire de la Perse et des contrees adjacentes extrait du Mo djem el Bouldan de Yaquout et complete a l aide de documents arabes et persans pour la plupart inedits in French and Arabic Paris Impr imperiale Alt Yaqut ibn Abd Allah al Hamawi 1861 Charles Barbier de Meynard ed Dictionnaire geographique historique et litteraire de la Perse et des contrees adjacentes extrait du Mo djem el Bouldan de Yaquout et complete a l aide de documents arabes et persans pour la plupart inedits in French and Arabic Paris Impr imperiale Jacut 1866 Ferdinand Wustenfeld ed Geographisches Worterbuch in Arabic and German 1 Leipzig F A Brockhaus alt 1 1866 2 1867 3 1868 4 1869 5 1873 6 1870 Lexicon geographicum cui titulus est Marasid al ittila ala asma al amkina wa l biqa مراصد الاطلاع علي اسماء الامكنة والبقاع Observation study of placenames and sites 6 vols edited by T G Juynboll 1852 64 as Marasid al ittila ala asma al amkina wa al biqa wa huwa mukhtasar mu jam al buldan li Yaqut 3 vols edited by Ali Muhammad al Bajjawi 1992 Yaqut Ibn ʻAbdallah ar Rumi ed Theodor Juynboll Lexicon geographicum cui titulus est مراصد الاطلاع علي اسماء الامكنة والبقاع Introductionem in hunc librum et annotationem in literas أ ث Vol 4 p 729 Leiden Brill 1859 Arabic Latin Commentary EditHeer Friedrich Justus 1898 Die historischen und geographischen Quellen in Jaqut s geographischem Worterbuch in Arabic and German Strassburg K J Trubner Abdullah Muhammad A H 1983 Yaqut al Hamawi the Man and His Work Mu jam al buldan Thesis Ypsilanti Eastern Michigan University Abd al Karim Gamal 1974 La Espana musulmana en la obra de Yaqut s XII XIII repertorio enciclopedico de ciudades castillos y lugares de al Andalus extraido del Mu yam al buldan diccionario de los paises Granada University of Granada Abd al Karim Gamal 1977 Terminologia geografico administrativa e historia politico cultural de al Andalus en el Mu yam al buldan de Yaqut 3rd ed Seville University of Seville Blachere Regis 1936 1913 Yaqut al Rumi 1153 54 In M T Houtsma et al eds The Encyclopaedia of Islam 4 1st ed Leiden E J Brill Barbier de Meynard Charles 1861 Dictionnaire geographique historique et litteraire de la Perse et des contrees adjacentes extrait du Modjem el Bouldan de Yaqout et complete a l aide de documents arabes et persans pour la plupart inedits Paris Imprimerie Imperiale Bloch Ernst 1929 Harawis Schrift uber die muhammedanischen Wallfahrtsorte eine der Quellen des Jaqut Bonn Verein Studentenwohl Dib al Sayyid Muhammad 1988 Yaqut al Hamawi adiban wa naqidan Cairo Dar al Tiba ah al Muhammadiyah Elahie R M N E 1965 The Life and Works of Yaqut ibn Abd Allah al Hamawi Lahore Panjab University Press Heer F Justus 1898 Die historischen und geographischen Quellen in Jaqut s geographischem Worterbuch Strassburg K J Trubner The Introductory Chapters of Yaqut s Mu jam al Buldan translated by Jwaideh Wadie Leiden E J Brill 1987 1959 Krachkovskii I J 1957 Izbrannye sochineniia Arabskaia Geograficheskaia Literatura Moscow Akademiia Nauk SSSR 4 Maqbul Ahmad Seyyed 1980 1970 Yaqut al Hamawi al Rumi in Coulston Gillispe Charles ed Dictionary of Scientific Biography 14 546 48 New York Scribner Marun Jurj Khalil 1997 Shu ara al amkinah wa ash aruhum fi Mu jam al buldan 2 Beirut al Maktabah al Asriyah Rescher Oskar 1928 Sachindex zu Wustenfeld s Ausgabe von Jaqut s Mu gam el buldan nebst einem alfabetischen Verzeichnis der darin angefuhrten Werke Stuttgart Harrassowitz Sa di Abbas Fadil 1992 Yaqut al Hamawi dirasah fi al turath al jughrafi al arabi ma a al tarkiz ala al Iraq fi Mu jam al buldan Beirut Dar al Tali ah lil Tiba ah wa al Nashr Sellheim Rudolf 1966 Voigt Wolfgang ed Neue Materialien zur Biographie des Yaqut Forschungen und Fortschritte der Katalogisierung der Orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland Wiesbaden Steiner xvi xxxiv Shami Abd al Al Abd al Mu nim 1981 Mudun Misr wa quraha inda Yaqut al Hamawi Kuwait al Jam iyah al Jughrafiyah al Kuwaytiyah Shamsuddin Ahmad 1993 Faharis mu jam al udaba aw Irshad al arib ila ma rifat al adib Beirut Dar al Kutub al Ilmiyah Tawanisi Abu al Futuh Muhammad 1971 Yaqut al Hamawi al jughrafi al rahhalah al adib Cairo al Hay ah al Misriyah al Ammah lil Ta lif wa al Nashr Umari Muhammad Abu Abd Allah 1994 Ithaf al khillan bi ma arif Mu jam al buldan 2 Riyadh Dar al Sumay iSee also EditIbn Battuta Ghurabiyya Shia List of slaves List of Sunni booksNotes Edit The term mawali can be translated as client apprentice or slave References Edit Dodge Bayard ed 1970 The Fihrist of al Nadim 2 New York amp London Columbia University Press p 902 David C Conrad Empires of Medieval West Africa Ghana Mali and Songhay Shoreline Publishing 2005 26 Ludwig W Adamec The A to Z of Islam Scarecrow Press 2009 333 The Dictionary of Countries World Digital Library Retrieved 5 October 2015 cf F Wustenfeld Jacut s Reisen in the Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft vol xviii pp 397 493 a b c One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain Chisholm Hugh ed 1911 Yaqut Encyclopaedia Britannica 28 11th ed Cambridge University Press p 904 Homework Help Book Summaries Study Guides Essays Lesson Plans amp Educational Resources BookRags com 2010 11 02 Retrieved 2012 11 20 External links EditAl Mushtarak Yaqut s biography Yaqut al Hamawi at muslimheritage com Literature of Travel and Exploration An Encyclopedia three volume set Routledge Taylor amp Francis Group Jacut Ferdinand Wustenfeld ed Geographisches Worterbuch in Arabic and German Leipzig F A Brockhaus vol 1 1866 vol 2 1867 vol 3 1868 vol 4 1869 vol 5 1873 vol 6 1870 al Hamawi Yaqut 1956 Kitab al Buldan Beirut Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yaqut al Hamawi amp oldid 1054653215, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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