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Yaranga

Not to be confused with Yarenga.

A Yaranga is a tent-like traditional mobile home of some nomadic Northern indigenous peoples of Russia, such as Chukchi and Siberian Yupik.

Yupik natives of East Cape Village, Siberia, Russia photographed in 1885 in front of two houses. The houses appear similar to Chukchi yarangas. A rack with, probably drying fur skins (foxes), is at left. On the right side of the left tent a stretched seal skin. The tents also covered with hides.

A Yaranga is a cone-shaped or rounded reindeer-hide tent. It is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins or canvas sewn together.

The word yaranga comes from the Chukchi word for house: jaraŋə (Cyrillic: яраӈы). In Russian use, the terms chum, yurt and yaranga may be used interchangeably.

Contents

It is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins sewn together. A medium-size yaranga requires about 50 skins.

A large yaranga is hard to completely heat up. There is a smaller cabin called a polog built inside it, that can be kept warm and cozy.

The most numerous of the Siberian Yupik peoples, the Chaplino Eskimos (Ungazigmit) had a round, dome-shaped building for winter. Literature refers to it as a "yaranga", the same term which the Chukchi people use, but the term used in the Chaplino Eskimos' language is mengteghaq (IPA: , extended Cyrillic: мыӈтыӷаӄ). Its framework was made of posts. Tarpaulins were used for covering the framework. The yaranga was surrounded by sod or planking around the base. There was a smaller cabin within the yaranga at the rear, used for sleeping and living. It was separated from the outer, cooler parts of the yaranga with haired reindeer skins and grass, supported by a cage-like framework. In the language of Chaplino Eskimos, it was called[aːɣra], a word borrowed from the Chukchi language. Household duties were done in the larger outer room of the yaranga in front of this inner building. In winter storms, and also at night, the dogs were there. This room for economical purposes was called[naˈtɨk].

There were also other types of buildings among Chaplino Eskimos:[aːwχtaq] was a modernized type, and[pəˈlʲ̥uk] was used for summer.

Wikimedia Commons has media related toYarangas.
  1. Countries and Their Cultures - Chukchi: Living Conditions
  2. Collis, Dirmid R. F. "Arctic Languages: An Awakening". Unesco, 1990. page 72
  3. "Chukchi art".
  4. Рубцова 1954: 514
  5. Рубцова 1954: 515
  6. Рубцова 1954: 100–101
  7. Рубцова 1954: 518–520
  8. Рубцова 1954: 521

Latin

Cyrillic

  • Рубцова, Е. С. (1954). Материалы по языку и фольклору эскимосов (чаплинский диалект) (in Russian). Москва • Ленинград: Академия Наук СССР. The transliteration of author's name, and the rendering of title in English: Rubcova, E. S. (1954). Materials on the Language and Folklore of the Eskimoes, Vol. I, Chaplino Dialect. Moscow • Leningrad: Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

Yaranga
Yaranga Language Watch Edit Not to be confused with Yarenga A Yaranga is a tent like traditional mobile home of some nomadic Northern indigenous peoples of Russia such as Chukchi and Siberian Yupik Yupik natives of East Cape Village Siberia Russia photographed in 1885 in front of two houses The houses appear similar to Chukchi yarangas A rack with probably drying fur skins foxes is at left On the right side of the left tent a stretched seal skin The tents also covered with hides A Yaranga is a cone shaped or rounded reindeer hide tent 1 It is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins or canvas sewn together The word yaranga comes from the Chukchi word for house jaraŋe Cyrillic yaraӈy 2 In Russian use the terms chum yurt and yaranga may be used interchangeably Contents 1 Chauchu Chukchi 2 Siberian Yupik and Anqallyt Chukchi 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 5 1 Latin 5 2 Cyrillic 6 External linksChauchu Chukchi EditIt is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins sewn together A medium size yaranga requires about 50 skins A large yaranga is hard to completely heat up There is a smaller cabin called a polog built inside it that can be kept warm and cozy 3 Siberian Yupik and Anqallyt Chukchi EditThe most numerous of the Siberian Yupik peoples the Chaplino Eskimos Ungazigmit had a round dome shaped building for winter Literature refers to it as a yaranga the same term which the Chukchi people use but the term used in the Chaplino Eskimos language is mengteghaq IPA mɨŋtˈtɨʁaq extended Cyrillic myӈtyӷaӄ 4 Its framework was made of posts 5 Tarpaulins were used for covering the framework The yaranga was surrounded by sod or planking around the base There was a smaller cabin within the yaranga at the rear used for sleeping and living It was separated from the outer cooler parts of the yaranga with haired reindeer skins and grass supported by a cage like framework In the language of Chaplino Eskimos it was called aːɣra a word borrowed from the Chukchi language Household duties were done in the larger outer room of the yaranga in front of this inner building In winter storms and also at night the dogs were there This room for economical purposes was called naˈtɨk 6 There were also other types of buildings among Chaplino Eskimos aːwxtaq was a modernized type 7 and peˈlʲ uk was used for summer 8 See also EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Yarangas Tipi LavvuNotes Edit Countries and Their Cultures Chukchi Living Conditions Collis Dirmid R F Arctic Languages An Awakening Unesco 1990 page 72 Chukchi art Rubcova 1954 514 Rubcova 1954 515 Rubcova 1954 100 101 Rubcova 1954 518 520 Rubcova 1954 521References EditLatin Edit Chukchi art Cyrillic Edit Rubcova E S 1954 Materialy po yazyku i folkloru eskimosov chaplinskij dialekt in Russian Moskva Leningrad Akademiya Nauk SSSR The transliteration of author s name and the rendering of title in English Rubcova E S 1954 Materials on the Language and Folklore of the Eskimoes Vol I Chaplino Dialect Moscow Leningrad Academy of Sciences of the USSR External links Edit Chukchi art Poselok Ungazik Chaplino in Russian Muzeya antropologii i etnografii im Petra Velikogo Kunstkamera Rossijskoj akademii nauk Archived from the original on 2009 02 28 Rendering in English Ungazik settlement Kunstkamera Russian Academy of Sciences Old photos about former life of a Siberian Yupik settlement including those of a various house types both inside and outside Vajda Edward J 2000 Siberian Yupik Eskimo East Asian Studies Introduction to Nomadic Cultures Photographic collection of A S Forshtein in the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography Kunstkamera Russian Academy of Sciences Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yaranga amp oldid 962829709, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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