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Yelena Georgievna Bonner (Russian:Елена Георгиевна Боннэр; 15 February 1923 – 18 June 2011) was a human rights activist in the former Soviet Union and wife of the physicist Andrei Sakharov. During her decades as a dissident, Bonner was noted for her characteristic blunt honesty and courage.

Yelena Bonner

Contents

Early life and education

Bonner was born Lusik Georgievna Alikhanova in Merv, Turkmen SSR, Soviet Union (now Mary, Turkmenistan). Her father, Georgy Alikhanov (Armenian name Gevork Alikhanyan), was an Armenian who founded the Soviet Armenian Communist Party, and was a highly placed member of the Comintern; her mother, Ruf (Ruth Bonner), was a Jewish Communist activist. She had a younger brother, Igor, who became a career naval officer. Her family had a summer dacha in Sestroretsk and Bonner had fond memories there.

In 1937, Bonner's father was arrested by the NKVD and executed as part of Stalin's Great Purge; her mother was arrested a few days later as the wife of an enemy of the people, and served ten years in the Gulag near Karaganda, Kazakhstan, followed by nine years of internal exile. Bonner's 41-year-old maternal uncle, Matvei Bonner, was also executed during the purge, and his wife internally exiled. All four were exonerated (rehabilitated) following Stalin's death in 1953. In 1941 she volunteered for the Red Army's Hospital when the Soviet Union was invaded, and she became head nurse. While serving during World War II, Bonner was wounded twice, and in 1946 was honorably discharged as a disabled veteran. In 1947 Bonner was accepted as student in the medical institute in Leningrad. After the war she earned a degree in pediatrics from the First Leningrad Medical Institute, presently First Pavlov State Medical University of St. Peterburg.

Marriage and children

In medical school she met her first husband, Ivan Semyonov. They had a daughter, Tatiana, in 1950, and a son, Alexey, in 1956. Her children emigrated to the United States in 1977 and 1978, respectively. Bonner and Semyonov separated in 1965, and eventually divorced.

In October 1970, while attending the trial of human rights activists Revol't (Ivanovich) Pimenov and Boris Vail in Kaluga, Bonner met Andrei Sakharov, a nuclear physicist and human rights activist; they married in 1972. The year before they met, 1969, Sakharov had been widowed from his wife, Klavdia Alekseyevna Vikhireva, with whom he had two daughters and a son.

Activism

Beginning as early as the 1940s, Bonner had helped political prisoners and their families. Although Bonner had joined the Soviet Communist Party in 1964 while she was working as a physician, only a few years later she was becoming active in the Soviet human rights movement. Her resolve towards dissidence was strengthened in August 1968 after Soviet bloc tanks rolled into Czechoslovakia in order to crush the Prague Spring movement. That event strengthened her belief that the system could not be reformed from within.

At the Kaluga trial in 1970, Bonner and Sakharov met Natan Sharansky and began working together to defend Jews sentenced to death for attempting an escape from the USSR in a hijacked plane. Under pressure from Sakharov, the Soviet regime permitted Yelena Bonner to travel to the West in 1975, 1977 and 1979 for treatment of her wartime eye injury. When Sakharov, awarded the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize, was barred from travel by the Soviet authorities, Bonner, in Italy for treatment, represented him at the ceremony in Oslo.

Bonner became a founding member of the Moscow Helsinki Group in 1976. When in January 1980 Sakharov was exiled to Gorky, a city closed to foreigners, the harassed and publicly denounced Bonner became his lifeline, traveling between Gorky and Moscow to bring out his writings. Her arrest in April 1984 for "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda" and sentence to five years of exile in Gorky disrupted their lives again. Sakharov's several long and painful hunger strikes forced the new Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev to let her travel to the U.S. in 1985 for sextuple bypass heart surgery. Prior to that, in 1981, Bonner and Sakharov went on a dangerous but ultimately successful hunger strike to get Soviet officials to allow their daughter-in-law, Yelizaveta Konstantinovna ("Lisa") Alexeyeva, an exit visa to join her husband, Bonner's son Alexei Semyonov, in the United States.

In December 1986, Gorbachev allowed Sakharov and Bonner to return to Moscow. Following Sakharov's death on 14 December 1989, she established the Andrei Sakharov Foundation, and the Sakharov Archives in Moscow. In 1993, she donated Sakharov papers in the West to Brandeis University in the U.S.; in 2004 they were turned over to Harvard University. Bonner remained outspoken on democracy and human rights in Russia and worldwide. She joined the defenders of the Russian parliament during the August Coup and supported Boris Yeltsin during the constitutional crisis in early 1993.

In 1994, outraged by what she called "genocide of the Chechen people", Bonner resigned from Yeltsin's Human Rights Commission and was an outspoken opponent to Russian armed involvement in Chechnya and critical of the Kremlin for allegedly returning to KGB-style authoritarianism under Vladimir Putin. She was also critical of the international "quartet" two-state solution to the Israel-Palestinian conflict and has expressed fears about the rise of anti-semitism in Europe. In 1999, Yelena Bonner received the Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom.

Bonner was among the 34 first signatories of the online anti-Putin manifesto "Putin must go", published 10 March 2010. Her signature was the first.

Last years and death

From 2006, Bonner divided her time between Moscow and the United States, home to her two children, five grandchildren, one great-granddaughter, and one great-grandson. She died on 18 June 2011 of heart failure in Boston, Massachusetts, aged 88, according to her daughter, Tatiana Yankelevich. She had been hospitalized since 21 February.

Bonner was the author of Alone Together (Knopf 1987), and Mothers and Daughters (Knopf 1992), and wrote frequently on Russia and human rights. She was a recipient of many international human rights awards, including the Rafto Prize in 1991, the European Parliament's Robert Schuman Medal in 2001, the awards of International Humanist and Ethical Union, the World Women's Alliance, the Adelaida Ristori Foundation, the U.S. National Endowment for Democracy, the Lithuanian Commemorative Medal of 13 January, the Czech Republic Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, and others.

She was also awarded the Giuseppe Motta Medal in 2004 for protection of human rights.

In 2005 Bonner participated in "They Chose Freedom", a four-part television documentary on the history of the Soviet dissident movement. Bonner was on the Board of Advancing Human Rights (NGO).

Bonner was portrayed by Glenda Jackson in the 1984 film Sakharov.

  1. The Sunday Times Magazine, The Sunday Times, 18 December 2011, page 64
  2. Sakharov's widow Yelena Bonner dies at 88 in U.S. – media Archived 21 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine, RIA Novosti, 19 June 2011.
  3. Stanley, Alessandra. Schwirtz, Michael (19 June 2011). "Yelena Bonner, Russian Rights Activist, Dies at 88". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 June 2011. Retrieved2 February 2012.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. Beckerman, Gal (22 June 2011). "Remembering Yelena Bonner – Natan Sharansky Reminisces About His Ally and Friend". The Jewish Daily Forward (issue of 1 July 2011). Archived from the original on 23 June 2011. Retrieved24 June 2011. [...] Bonner suggested that, in addition to Sakharov’s assessment of the Soviet Union and the state of the dissident movement, they provide the new president with a list of political prisoners. By memory, she then wrote out the names of the 16 most difficult cases.
  5. Schmemann, Serge (19 June 2011). "Elena Georgievna Bonner, A True Human Rights Activist for 40 Years". “The New York Times”. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved2 February 2012.
  6. Bonner, Elena (1992). Description of Bonner found in Antonina W. Bouis, 'Translator's Introduction' in Bonner's memoir Mothers and Daughters (2nd ed.). New York: Vintage. ISBN 978-0-679-74335-4.
  7. Yelena Bonner biography Archived 6 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine (In Russian)
  8. Official site of Moscow Helsinki Group Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine(In Russian)
  9. "Yelena Bonner". The Economist. 23 June 2011. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved30 August 2012.
  10. Montgomery, Isobel (19 June 2011). "Yelena Bonner obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved17 December 2019.
  11. Adler, Nanci (2002). The Gulag Survivor: Beyond the Soviet System. New Brunswick. p. 212.
  12. Reuters (27 December 1987). "Ruth Bonner, Stalin Purge Victim". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved17 December 2019.
  13. "Elena Bonner". The Independent Institute. Retrieved17 December 2019.
  14. Figes, Orlando. The Whisperers: Private Life in Stalin´s Russia.
  15. "Bonner a Human Rights 'Heroine,' but Soviets See a Modern Mata Hari". Los Angeles Times. 27 April 1986. Retrieved17 December 2019.
  16. Drell, Sidney D., and Sergei P. Kapitsa (eds.), Sakharov Remembered, pgs. 3, 92. New York: Springer, 1991.
  17. Adler, Nanci (2004). The Gulag survivor: beyond the Soviet system. Transaction Publishers. p. 212. ISBN 978-0765805850.
  18. "Jewish Ideas Daily » Daily Features » One Woman Army". www.jewishideasdaily.com. Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. Retrieved26 April 2018.
  19. "On Israel and The World" Archived 24 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Address by Bonner at the Freedom Forum in Oslo.
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved4 September 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. "Russian Dissident Yelena Bonner Dies". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved17 December 2019.
  22. Bonner, Elena (1987). ALONE TOGETHER Story of Elena Bonner and Andrei Sakharov's Internal Exile in the Soviet Union (First Paperback ed.). New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 978-0-394-75538-0.
  23. "A Personal Take on Soviet History : MOTHERS AND DAUGHTERS, by Elena Bonner, translated by Antonina W. Bouis, Alfred A. Knopf, $23; 349 pages". Los Angeles Times. 11 February 1992. Retrieved17 December 2019.
  24. "Yelena Bonner". The Rafto Foundation. Retrieved17 December 2019.
  25. "Elena Bonner-Sakharov receives the Robert Schuman Medal". Multimedia Centre (in German). Retrieved17 December 2019.
  26. "News and Notes". Journal of Democracy. Retrieved17 December 2019.
  27. http://motta.gidd.eu.org/#!medal-winners-2004/cqa4 Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Giuseppe Motta Medal Website
  28. Robert Bernstein "Why We Need A New Human Rights Organization", 24 February 2011. Archived 7 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  • Bonner, Elena (1988) [1986]. Alone together (3 ed.). New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 978-0394755380.
  • Bonner, Elena (1986). Un exil partagé [A shared exile] (in French). Paris: Seuil. ISBN 978-2020093941.
  • Bonner, Elena (1986). Soli insieme in esilio con Andrej Sacharov [Alone together in exile with Andrei Sakharov] (in Italian). Alessandria: Garzanti-Vallardi.
  • Bonnėr, Elena (1987). לבד ביחד [Alone together] (in Hebrew). מסדה.
  • Bonner, Jelena (1998) [1991]. In Einsamkeit vereint. Meine Jahre mit Andrej Sacharow in der Verbannung [Alone together. My years with Andrei Sakharov in exile] (in German) (2 ed.). München, Zürich: Piper. ISBN 978-3492115223.
  • Bonner, Jelena (1993) [1992]. Mütter und Töchter – Erinnerungen an meine Jugend 1923 bis 1945 [Mothers and daughters – memories of my youth 1923–1945] (in German) (2 ed.). München, Zürich: Piper. ISBN 978-3492034401.
  • Боннэр, Елена (1990). Постскриптум. Книга о горьковской ссылке [Postscript: A book about the Gorky exile] (in Russian). Moscow: Интербрук.
  • Bonner, Elena (1991). Звонит колокол… Год без Андрея Сахарова [The bell tolls… A year without Andrei Sakharov] (in Russian). Moscow: ПИК.
  • Bonner, Elena (1992). Mothers and daughters. Hutchinson. ISBN 978-0091749118.
  • Bonner, Elena (1994). Дочки-матери [Mothers and daughters] (in Russian). Moscow: Прогресс, Литера.
  • Bonner, Elena (1996). Вольные заметки к родословной Андрея Сахарова [Free notes to the ancestry of Andrei Sakharov] (in Russian). Moscow: Права человека. ISBN 978-5771200170.
  • Cox, Caroline; Eibner, John; Bonnėr, Elena (1993). Ethnic cleansing in progress: war in Nagorno Karabakh. Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World. ISBN 978-3952034521.
  • Bonner, Elena (2003). Madri e figlie [Mothers and daughters] (in Italian). Spirali. ISBN 978-8877706331.
  • Glucksmann, André; Bonner, Elena (2013). На захисті свободи. Діалоги Андре Ґлюксмана з Оленою Боннер [Protecting freedom. Dialogues by André Glucksmann to Elena Bonner] (in Ukrainian). Kiev: Дух і Літера. ISBN 9789663783130.

Yelena Bonner Article Talk Language Watch Edit Yelena Georgievna Bonner Russian Elena Georgievna Bonner 15 February 1923 18 June 2011 1 2 3 4 was a human rights activist in the former Soviet Union and wife of the physicist Andrei Sakharov During her decades as a dissident Bonner was noted for her characteristic blunt honesty and courage 5 6 Yelena BonnerElena BonnerYelena Bonner after her arrival for the conferment of the honorary doctorate in law from the University of Groningen 15 June 1989BornLusik Georgievna Alikhanova 1923 02 15 15 February 1923 Merv Turkmen SSR Soviet UnionDied18 June 2011 2011 06 18 aged 88 Boston Massachusetts United StatesCitizenshipSoviet Union 1923 1991 Russian Federation 1991 2011 Alma materHerzen State Pedagogical University of Russia First Pavlov State Medical University of St PeterburgOccupationnurse during World War II physician human right activistKnown forHuman rights activism participation in the Moscow Helsinki GroupMovementDissident movement in the Soviet UnionSpouse s Ivan Semyonov until 1965 Andrei Sakharov 1972 1989 his death ChildrenTatyana Yankelevich born 1950 Alexey Semyonov born 1956 AwardsRafto PrizeRobert Schuman MedalGiuseppe Motta MedalOrder of the Cross of Terra MarianaOrder of Tomas Garrigue MasarykOrder of Merit of the Republic of PolandTruman Reagan Medal of Freedom Contents 1 Biography 1 1 Early life and education 1 2 Marriage and children 1 3 Activism 1 4 Last years and death 2 Works and awards 3 Depiction in media 4 References 5 Works 6 Further reading 7 External linksBiography EditEarly life and education Edit Bonner was born Lusik Georgievna Alikhanova 7 in Merv Turkmen SSR Soviet Union now Mary Turkmenistan Her father Georgy Alikhanov Armenian name Gevork Alikhanyan 8 was an Armenian who founded the Soviet Armenian Communist Party 3 and was a highly placed member of the Comintern her mother Ruf Ruth Bonner was a Jewish Communist activist She had a younger brother Igor who became a career naval officer Her family had a summer dacha in Sestroretsk and Bonner had fond memories there 9 In 1937 Bonner s father was arrested by the NKVD and executed as part of Stalin s Great Purge her mother was arrested a few days later as the wife of an enemy of the people and served ten years in the Gulag 10 near Karaganda Kazakhstan followed by nine years of internal exile 11 12 Bonner s 41 year old maternal uncle Matvei Bonner was also executed during the purge and his wife internally exiled All four were exonerated rehabilitated following Stalin s death in 1953 In 1941 she volunteered for the Red Army s Hospital when the Soviet Union was invaded and she became head nurse 10 While serving during World War II Bonner was wounded twice and in 1946 was honorably discharged as a disabled veteran In 1947 Bonner was accepted as student in the medical institute in Leningrad 10 After the war she earned a degree in pediatrics from the First Leningrad Medical Institute presently First Pavlov State Medical University of St Peterburg 13 Marriage and children Edit In medical school she met her first husband Ivan Semyonov They had a daughter Tatiana in 1950 14 and a son Alexey in 1956 Her children emigrated to the United States in 1977 and 1978 respectively Bonner and Semyonov separated in 1965 and eventually divorced 15 In October 1970 while attending the trial of human rights activists Revol t Ivanovich Pimenov and Boris Vail in Kaluga Bonner met Andrei Sakharov a nuclear physicist and human rights activist they married in 1972 3 The year before they met 1969 Sakharov had been widowed from his wife Klavdia Alekseyevna Vikhireva with whom he had two daughters and a son 16 Activism Edit Beginning as early as the 1940s Bonner had helped political prisoners and their families Although Bonner had joined the Soviet Communist Party in 1964 while she was working as a physician 3 17 only a few years later she was becoming active in the Soviet human rights movement Her resolve towards dissidence was strengthened in August 1968 after Soviet bloc tanks rolled into Czechoslovakia in order to crush the Prague Spring movement That event strengthened her belief that the system could not be reformed from within 17 At the Kaluga trial in 1970 Bonner and Sakharov met Natan Sharansky and began working together to defend Jews sentenced to death for attempting an escape from the USSR in a hijacked plane 4 Under pressure from Sakharov the Soviet regime permitted Yelena Bonner to travel to the West in 1975 1977 and 1979 for treatment of her wartime eye injury When Sakharov awarded the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize was barred from travel by the Soviet authorities Bonner in Italy for treatment represented him at the ceremony in Oslo 3 Bonner became a founding member of the Moscow Helsinki Group in 1976 13 When in January 1980 Sakharov was exiled to Gorky a city closed to foreigners the harassed and publicly denounced Bonner became his lifeline traveling between Gorky and Moscow to bring out his writings Her arrest in April 1984 for anti Soviet agitation and propaganda and sentence to five years of exile in Gorky disrupted their lives again 3 Sakharov s several long and painful hunger strikes forced the new Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to let her travel to the U S in 1985 for sextuple bypass heart surgery Prior to that in 1981 Bonner and Sakharov went on a dangerous but ultimately successful hunger strike to get Soviet officials to allow their daughter in law Yelizaveta Konstantinovna Lisa Alexeyeva an exit visa to join her husband Bonner s son Alexei Semyonov in the United States 3 In December 1986 Gorbachev allowed Sakharov and Bonner to return to Moscow 13 Following Sakharov s death on 14 December 1989 she established the Andrei Sakharov Foundation and the Sakharov Archives in Moscow In 1993 she donated Sakharov papers in the West to Brandeis University in the U S in 2004 they were turned over to Harvard University Bonner remained outspoken on democracy and human rights in Russia and worldwide She joined the defenders of the Russian parliament during the August Coup and supported Boris Yeltsin during the constitutional crisis in early 1993 18 In 1994 outraged by what she called genocide of the Chechen people Bonner resigned from Yeltsin s Human Rights Commission and was an outspoken opponent to Russian armed involvement in Chechnya and critical of the Kremlin for allegedly returning to KGB style authoritarianism under Vladimir Putin She was also critical of the international quartet two state solution to the Israel Palestinian conflict and has expressed fears about the rise of anti semitism in Europe 19 In 1999 Yelena Bonner received the Truman Reagan Medal of Freedom 20 Bonner was among the 34 first signatories of the online anti Putin manifesto Putin must go published 10 March 2010 Her signature was the first 21 Last years and death Edit From 2006 Bonner divided her time between Moscow and the United States home to her two children five grandchildren one great granddaughter and one great grandson 3 She died on 18 June 2011 of heart failure in Boston Massachusetts aged 88 according to her daughter Tatiana Yankelevich 2 3 She had been hospitalized since 21 February 3 Works and awards EditBonner was the author of Alone Together Knopf 1987 22 and Mothers and Daughters Knopf 1992 23 and wrote frequently on Russia and human rights She was a recipient of many international human rights awards including the Rafto Prize in 1991 24 the European Parliament s Robert Schuman Medal in 2001 25 the awards of International Humanist and Ethical Union 13 the World Women s Alliance the Adelaida Ristori Foundation the U S National Endowment for Democracy 26 the Lithuanian Commemorative Medal of 13 January 13 the Czech Republic Order of Tomas Garrigue Masaryk and others She was also awarded the Giuseppe Motta Medal in 2004 for protection of human rights 27 In 2005 Bonner participated in They Chose Freedom a four part television documentary on the history of the Soviet dissident movement Bonner was on the Board of Advancing Human Rights NGO 28 Depiction in media EditBonner was portrayed by Glenda Jackson in the 1984 film Sakharov References Edit The Sunday Times Magazine The Sunday Times 18 December 2011 page 64 a b Sakharov s widow Yelena Bonner dies at 88 in U S media Archived 21 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine RIA Novosti 19 June 2011 a b c d e f g h i j Stanley Alessandra Schwirtz Michael 19 June 2011 Yelena Bonner Russian Rights Activist Dies at 88 The New York Times Archived from the original on 25 June 2011 Retrieved 2 February 2012 a href wiki Template Cite news title Template Cite news cite news a CS1 maint uses authors parameter link a b Beckerman Gal 22 June 2011 Remembering Yelena Bonner Natan Sharansky Reminisces About His Ally and Friend The Jewish Daily Forward issue of 1 July 2011 Archived from the original on 23 June 2011 Retrieved 24 June 2011 Bonner suggested that in addition to Sakharov s assessment of the Soviet Union and the state of the dissident movement they provide the new president with a list of political prisoners By memory she then wrote out the names of the 16 most difficult cases Schmemann Serge 19 June 2011 Elena Georgievna Bonner A True Human Rights Activist for 40 Years The New York Times Archived from the original on 4 April 2015 Retrieved 2 February 2012 Bonner Elena 1992 Description of Bonner found in Antonina W Bouis Translator s Introduction in Bonner s memoir Mothers and Daughters 2nd ed New York Vintage ISBN 978 0 679 74335 4 Yelena Bonner biography Archived 6 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine In Russian Official site of Moscow Helsinki Group Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine In Russian Yelena Bonner The Economist 23 June 2011 Archived from the original on 4 November 2012 Retrieved 30 August 2012 a b c Montgomery Isobel 19 June 2011 Yelena Bonner obituary The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Retrieved 17 December 2019 Adler Nanci 2002 The Gulag Survivor Beyond the Soviet System New Brunswick p 212 Reuters 27 December 1987 Ruth Bonner Stalin Purge Victim The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved 17 December 2019 a b c d e Elena Bonner The Independent Institute Retrieved 17 December 2019 Figes Orlando The Whisperers Private Life in Stalin s Russia Bonner a Human Rights Heroine but Soviets See a Modern Mata Hari Los Angeles Times 27 April 1986 Retrieved 17 December 2019 Drell Sidney D and Sergei P Kapitsa eds Sakharov Remembered pgs 3 92 New York Springer 1991 a b Adler Nanci 2004 The Gulag survivor beyond the Soviet system Transaction Publishers p 212 ISBN 978 0765805850 Jewish Ideas Daily Daily Features One Woman Army www jewishideasdaily com Archived from the original on 18 June 2012 Retrieved 26 April 2018 On Israel and The World Archived 24 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine Address by Bonner at the Freedom Forum in Oslo Archived copy Archived from the original on 28 August 2012 Retrieved 4 September 2012 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint archived copy as title link Russian Dissident Yelena Bonner Dies RadioFreeEurope RadioLiberty Retrieved 17 December 2019 Bonner Elena 1987 ALONE TOGETHER Story of Elena Bonner and Andrei Sakharov s Internal Exile in the Soviet Union First Paperback ed New York Vintage Books ISBN 978 0 394 75538 0 A Personal Take on Soviet History MOTHERS AND DAUGHTERS by Elena Bonner translated by Antonina W Bouis Alfred A Knopf 23 349 pages Los Angeles Times 11 February 1992 Retrieved 17 December 2019 Yelena Bonner The Rafto Foundation Retrieved 17 December 2019 Elena Bonner Sakharov receives the Robert Schuman Medal Multimedia Centre in German Retrieved 17 December 2019 News and Notes Journal of Democracy Retrieved 17 December 2019 http motta gidd eu org medal winners 2004 cqa4 Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Giuseppe Motta Medal Website Robert Bernstein Why We Need A New Human Rights Organization 24 February 2011 Archived 7 March 2011 at the Wayback MachineWorks EditBonner Elena 1988 1986 Alone together 3 ed New York Vintage Books ISBN 978 0394755380 Bonner Elena 1986 Un exil partage A shared exile in French Paris Seuil ISBN 978 2020093941 Bonner Elena 1986 Soli insieme in esilio con Andrej Sacharov Alone together in exile with Andrei Sakharov in Italian Alessandria Garzanti Vallardi Bonner Elena 1987 לבד ביחד Alone together in Hebrew מסדה Bonner Jelena 1998 1991 In Einsamkeit vereint Meine Jahre mit Andrej Sacharow in der Verbannung Alone together My years with Andrei Sakharov in exile in German 2 ed Munchen Zurich Piper ISBN 978 3492115223 Bonner Jelena 1993 1992 Mutter und Tochter Erinnerungen an meine Jugend 1923 bis 1945 Mothers and daughters memories of my youth 1923 1945 in German 2 ed Munchen Zurich Piper ISBN 978 3492034401 Bonner Elena 1990 Postskriptum Kniga o gorkovskoj ssylke Postscript A book about the Gorky exile in Russian Moscow Interbruk Bonner Elena 1991 Zvonit kolokol God bez Andreya Saharova The bell tolls A year without Andrei Sakharov in Russian Moscow PIK Bonner Elena 1992 Mothers and daughters Hutchinson ISBN 978 0091749118 Bonner Elena 1994 Dochki materi Mothers and daughters in Russian Moscow Progress Litera Bonner Elena 1996 Volnye zametki k rodoslovnoj Andreya Saharova Free notes to the ancestry of Andrei Sakharov in Russian Moscow Prava cheloveka ISBN 978 5771200170 Cox Caroline Eibner John Bonner Elena 1993 Ethnic cleansing in progress war in Nagorno Karabakh Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World ISBN 978 3952034521 Bonner Elena 2003 Madri e figlie Mothers and daughters in Italian Spirali ISBN 978 8877706331 Glucksmann Andre Bonner Elena 2013 Na zahisti svobodi Dialogi Andre Glyuksmana z Olenoyu Bonner Protecting freedom Dialogues by Andre Glucksmann to Elena Bonner in Ukrainian Kiev Duh i Litera ISBN 9789663783130 Further reading EditDe Boer S P Driessen Evert Verhaar Hendrik 1982 Bonner Elena Georgievna Biographical dictionary of dissidents in the Soviet Union 1956 1975 The Hague Martinus Nijhoff Publishers p 62 ISBN 978 9024725380 Hermann Anton November 1987 Elena Bonner and Andrei Sakharov Quadrant 33 11 78 79 Klose Kevin 1986 Russia and the Russians inside the closed society W W Norton Incorporated pp 161 198 ISBN 978 0393303124 Lichterman Boleslav 2011 Elena Georgievna Bonner Soviet paediatrician dissident and human rights activist BMJ 343 6085 695 doi 10 1136 bmj d6085 S2CID 71082264 Simone Alexandre 1987 Elena Bonner Un exil partage Elena Bonner A shared exile Politique etrangere in French 52 1 220 221 Elena Bonner heroic figure for Karabagh The Armenian Weekly 29 June 2011 External links EditYelena Bonner at Find a Grave Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yelena Bonner amp oldid 1087032991, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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