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Yilan City

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(August 2015) ()

Yilan City (Mandarin pinyin: yí lán shì; Hokkien POJ: Gî-lân-chhī) is a county-administered city and the county seat of Yilan County, Taiwan. The city lies on the north side of the Lanyang River.

Yilan
宜蘭市
Giran, I-ran
Yilan City
Temple in Yilan City
Yilan
Location in the Republic of China (Taiwan)
Coordinates:24°45′N121°45′E /24.750°N 121.750°E /24.750; 121.750Coordinates: 24°45′N121°45′E /24.750°N 121.750°E /24.750; 121.750
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
County Yilan
Urban villages ()38
Government
• MayorChiang Tsung-yuan (江聰淵)
Area
• Total29.87 km2 (11.53 sq mi)
Population
(July 2018)
• Total95,905
• Density3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Postal code
260
Websitewww.ilancity.gov.tw/en/
Yilan City
Traditional Chinese宜蘭
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyinyí lán shì
Bopomofoㄧˊ ㄌㄢˊ ㄕˋ
Gwoyeu RomatzyhYilan Shyh
Wade–GilesI2-lan2 Shih4
Tongyong PinyinYílán Shìh
MPS2Yílán Shr̀
Hakka
Pha̍k-fa-sṳNgì-làn-sṳ
Southern Min
Hokkien POJGî-lân-chhī
Tâi-lôGî-lân-tshī

The Yilan Plain in which the city is located has historically been referred to as Kapalan (Chinese:蛤仔難; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kap-á-lān), Kapsulan (蛤仔蘭; Kap-chú-lân; also 甲子蘭), Komalan (噶瑪蘭; Kat-má-lán), etc. These names, as well as that of Yilan itself, were given to the sites by the Kavalan tribe of Taiwanese aborigines. Later arrivals included Han Chinese settlers during the Qing Dynasty in China (1802) and settlers from Okinawa during Taiwan's Japanese era (1895-1945).

Qing Dynasty

In 1810 under Qing dynasty rule, a formal administration office was established at Wuwei (五圍) and "Komalan Subprefecture" (噶瑪蘭廳; Kat-má-lán Thiaⁿ) was at the present day location of Yilan City. Construction of the city wall was completed a year later. After a few years once the basic infrastructure was ready, the city assumed the political, economical, cultural and educational center for the Lanyang Plain. In 1878, Komalan was a large rice production area commonly called Kapsulan, and became a district called Gilan Hsien. It was one of the three new districts that constituted the new Taipeh Prefecture.

Empire of Japan

Map of Yilan (labeled as GIRAN) and surrounding area (1944)

According to the 1904 census, the population of Giran town was about 15,000.

Republic of China

Map of the region including Yilan (labeled as I-lan (Giran)宜蘭) (1954)

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, Yilan City was created in January 1946 as a county-administered city the county seat of the newly created Yilan County and continue to become the political, economical and cultural centers of the region.

Yilan City in Yilan County

Yilan City is located on Lanyang Plain with an average altitude of 7.38 meters above sea level.

  • Area: 29.87 square kilometres (11.53 sq mi)
  • Population: 95,907 (December 2016)

Climate

Yilan City experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) with mild winters and hot, humid summers.

Climate data for Yilan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.6
(87.1)
32.4
(90.3)
34.9
(94.8)
36.0
(96.8)
38.8
(101.8)
38.2
(100.8)
35.4
(95.7)
34.9
(94.8)
32.7
(90.9)
29.1
(84.4)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
20.2
(68.4)
22.6
(72.7)
25.5
(77.9)
28.3
(82.9)
30.8
(87.4)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
30.3
(86.5)
27.0
(80.6)
23.8
(74.8)
20.8
(69.4)
26.2
(79.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
16.9
(62.4)
18.9
(66.0)
21.7
(71.1)
24.4
(75.9)
26.8
(80.2)
28.6
(83.5)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
23.6
(74.5)
20.6
(69.1)
17.5
(63.5)
22.5
(72.5)
Average low °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
14.2
(57.6)
15.9
(60.6)
18.7
(65.7)
21.4
(70.5)
23.8
(74.8)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
23.7
(74.7)
21.1
(70.0)
18.2
(64.8)
15.0
(59.0)
19.7
(67.5)
Record low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.2
(39.6)
4.8
(40.6)
6.4
(43.5)
12.1
(53.8)
16.3
(61.3)
19.9
(67.8)
19.2
(66.6)
15.8
(60.4)
11.5
(52.7)
9.0
(48.2)
4.8
(40.6)
3.2
(37.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 147.0
(5.79)
182.3
(7.18)
127.5
(5.02)
138.4
(5.45)
211.7
(8.33)
214.2
(8.43)
155.1
(6.11)
247.8
(9.76)
470.0
(18.50)
442.0
(17.40)
325.1
(12.80)
176.6
(6.95)
2,837.7
(111.72)
Average rainy days 18.3 17.4 18.0 16.0 18.4 15.0 9.2 12.0 16.1 18.4 19.2 17.6 195.6
Average relative humidity (%) 81.3 82.9 81.8 82.6 83.7 83.4 79.1 80.1 81.7 82.9 83.5 81.3 82.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 69.7 64.2 87.1 92.2 115.4 144.4 224.2 212.1 146.0 96.5 73.9 69.9 1,395.6
Source: Central Weather Bureau

Yilan City consists of 38 villages and 478 neighborhoods, including:

  • Baili (擺厘里), Beijin (北津里), Beimen (北門里), Caiyuan (菜園里), Chenggong (成功里), Cian (慈安里), Daxin (大新里), Fuguo (負郭里), Fuxing (復興里), Jianjun (建軍里), Jianye (建業里), Jiaobai (茭白里), Jinshi (進士里), Kaixuan (凱旋里), Liming (黎明里), Meizhou (梅洲里), Minquan (民權里), Minzu (民族里), Nanjin (南津里), Nanmen (南門里), Nanqiao (南橋里), Qijie (七結里), Qizhang (七張里), Shennong (神農里), Siyuan (思源里), Taishan (泰山里), Dongcun (東村里), Dongmen/Tungmen (東門里), Wenhua (文化里), Xiaolian (孝廉里), Xiaodong (小東里), Ximen (西門里), Xinmin (新民里), Xinsheng (新生里), Xindong (新東里), Yanping (延平里), Zhongshan (中山里) and Zhongxing (中興里)

Yilan City is accessible by Yilan Station of the Taiwan Railways.

  1. 各里里長 [Village leaders] (in Chinese). Yilan City Office. Retrieved2017-02-21. 宜蘭市總里數 :38里,鄰數:478
  2. 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 (in Chinese). Retrieved23 November 2019. 字詞 【宜蘭市】 注音 ㄧˊ ㄌㄢˊ ㄕˋ 漢語拼音 yí lán shì
  3. "Entry #40193 (蛤仔難)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan]. (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.
  4. Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present. London and New York: Macmillan. p. 211. OCLC 1887893. OL 6931635M.
  5. Takekoshi (1907), p. 200.
  6. "Discovery Center of YiLan - Yilan City Office". Ilancity.gov.tw. Retrieved2014-05-25.
  7. 認識宜蘭市 [Get to Know Yilan City]. ilancity.gov.tw (in Chinese). Yilan City Office. Retrieved2017-02-21.
  8. 宜蘭縣宜蘭市 現住人口數按性別及年歲分 [Resident Population Figures by Gender and Age, Yilan City, Yilan County](PDF). ilhhr.e-land.gov.tw (in Chinese). Yilan City Household Registration Office. December 2016. Retrieved2017-02-21.
  9. "2018 Local Elections". Central Election Commission. Retrieved23 November 2019. Shennong Vil. Minquan Vil. Jinshi Vil. Nanqiao Vil. Jianye Vil. Nanjin Vil. Kaixuan Vil. Liming Vil. Tungcun Vil. Yanping Vil. Qizhang Vil. Cian Vil. Xinmin Vil. Tungmen Vil. Xiaotung Vil. Caiyuan Vil. Xiaolian Vil. Xinsheng Vil. Jiaobai Vil. Beijin Vil. Meizhou Vil. Beimen Vil. Zhongshan Vil. Ximen Vil. Nanmen Vil. Fuguo Vil. Minzu Vil. Jianjun Vil. Siyuan Vil. Wenhua Vil. Fuxing Vil. Chenggong Vil. Xintung Vil. Qijie Vil. Taishan Vil. Daxin Vil. Zhongxing Vil. Baili Vil.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toYilan City.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yilan.
  1. Sarah Shair-Rosenfield (November 2020). "Taiwan combined"(PDF). The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved29 May 2021.

Yilan City
Yilan City Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Yilan City news newspapers books scholar JSTOR August 2015 Learn how and when to remove this template message Yilan City Mandarin pinyin yi lan shi 2 Hokkien POJ Gi lan chhi is a county administered city and the county seat of Yilan County Taiwan The city lies on the north side of the Lanyang River Yilan 宜蘭市Giran I ranCounty administered cityYilan CityTemple in Yilan CityYilanLocation in the Republic of China Taiwan Coordinates 24 45 N 121 45 E 24 750 N 121 750 E 24 750 121 750 Coordinates 24 45 N 121 45 E 24 750 N 121 750 E 24 750 121 750Country Republic of China Taiwan CountyYilanUrban villages 里 38 1 Government MayorChiang Tsung yuan 江聰淵 Area Total29 87 km2 11 53 sq mi Population July 2018 Total95 905 Density3 200 km2 8 300 sq mi Time zoneUTC 8 National Standard Time Postal code260Websitewww wbr ilancity wbr gov wbr tw wbr en wbr Yilan CityTraditional Chinese宜蘭市TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu Pinyinyi lan shiBopomofoㄧˊ ㄌㄢˊ ㄕˋGwoyeu RomatzyhYilan ShyhWade GilesI2 lan2 Shih4Tongyong PinyinYilan ShihMPS2Yilan Shr IPA i la n ʂɻ HakkaPha k fa sṳNgi lan sṳSouthern MinHokkien POJGi lan chhiTai loGi lan tshiHistory EditThe Yilan Plain in which the city is located has historically been referred to as Kapalan Chinese 蛤仔難 Pe h ōe ji Kap a lan 3 Kapsulan 蛤仔蘭 Kap chu lan also 甲子蘭 Komalan 噶瑪蘭 Kat ma lan etc These names as well as that of Yilan itself were given to the sites by the Kavalan tribe of Taiwanese aborigines Later arrivals included Han Chinese settlers during the Qing Dynasty in China 1802 and settlers from Okinawa during Taiwan s Japanese era 1895 1945 Qing Dynasty Edit In 1810 under Qing dynasty rule a formal administration office was established at Wuwei 五圍 and Komalan Subprefecture 噶瑪蘭廳 Kat ma lan Thiaⁿ was at the present day location of Yilan City Construction of the city wall was completed a year later After a few years once the basic infrastructure was ready the city assumed the political economical cultural and educational center for the Lanyang Plain In 1878 Komalan was a large rice production area commonly called Kapsulan and became a district called Gilan Hsien 4 It was one of the three new districts that constituted the new Taipeh Prefecture Empire of Japan Edit Map of Yilan labeled as GIRAN and surrounding area 1944 According to the 1904 census the population of Giran town was about 15 000 5 Republic of China Edit Map of the region including Yilan labeled as I lan Giran 宜蘭 1954 After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945 Yilan City was created in January 1946 as a county administered city the county seat of the newly created Yilan County and continue to become the political economical and cultural centers of the region 6 Geography Edit Yilan City in Yilan County Yilan City is located on Lanyang Plain with an average altitude of 7 38 meters above sea level 7 Area 29 87 square kilometres 11 53 sq mi 7 Population 95 907 December 2016 8 Climate Edit Yilan City experiences a humid subtropical climate Koppen Cfa with mild winters and hot humid summers Climate data for YilanMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 29 7 85 5 29 9 85 8 30 6 87 1 32 4 90 3 34 9 94 8 36 0 96 8 38 8 101 8 38 2 100 8 35 4 95 7 34 9 94 8 32 7 90 9 29 1 84 4 38 8 101 8 Average high C F 19 6 67 3 20 2 68 4 22 6 72 7 25 5 77 9 28 3 82 9 30 8 87 4 32 9 91 2 32 4 90 3 30 3 86 5 27 0 80 6 23 8 74 8 20 8 69 4 26 2 79 2 Daily mean C F 16 3 61 3 16 9 62 4 18 9 66 0 21 7 71 1 24 4 75 9 26 8 80 2 28 6 83 5 28 3 82 9 26 5 79 7 23 6 74 5 20 6 69 1 17 5 63 5 22 5 72 5 Average low C F 13 7 56 7 14 2 57 6 15 9 60 6 18 7 65 7 21 4 70 5 23 8 74 8 25 3 77 5 25 1 77 2 23 7 74 7 21 1 70 0 18 2 64 8 15 0 59 0 19 7 67 5 Record low C F 3 2 37 8 4 2 39 6 4 8 40 6 6 4 43 5 12 1 53 8 16 3 61 3 19 9 67 8 19 2 66 6 15 8 60 4 11 5 52 7 9 0 48 2 4 8 40 6 3 2 37 8 Average precipitation mm inches 147 0 5 79 182 3 7 18 127 5 5 02 138 4 5 45 211 7 8 33 214 2 8 43 155 1 6 11 247 8 9 76 470 0 18 50 442 0 17 40 325 1 12 80 176 6 6 95 2 837 7 111 72 Average rainy days 18 3 17 4 18 0 16 0 18 4 15 0 9 2 12 0 16 1 18 4 19 2 17 6 195 6Average relative humidity 81 3 82 9 81 8 82 6 83 7 83 4 79 1 80 1 81 7 82 9 83 5 81 3 82 0Mean monthly sunshine hours 69 7 64 2 87 1 92 2 115 4 144 4 224 2 212 1 146 0 96 5 73 9 69 9 1 395 6Source Central Weather BureauAdministrative divisions EditYilan City consists of 38 villages and 478 neighborhoods including 1 9 Baili 擺厘里 Beijin 北津里 Beimen 北門里 Caiyuan 菜園里 Chenggong 成功里 Cian 慈安里 Daxin 大新里 Fuguo 負郭里 Fuxing 復興里 Jianjun 建軍里 Jianye 建業里 Jiaobai 茭白里 Jinshi 進士里 Kaixuan 凱旋里 Liming 黎明里 Meizhou 梅洲里 Minquan 民權里 Minzu 民族里 Nanjin 南津里 Nanmen 南門里 Nanqiao 南橋里 Qijie 七結里 Qizhang 七張里 Shennong 神農里 Siyuan 思源里 Taishan 泰山里 Dongcun 東村里 Dongmen Tungmen 東門里 Wenhua 文化里 Xiaolian 孝廉里 Xiaodong 小東里 Ximen 西門里 Xinmin 新民里 Xinsheng 新生里 Xindong 新東里 Yanping 延平里 Zhongshan 中山里 and Zhongxing 中興里 Government institutions EditYilan County Government Yilan County Council Institute of Yilan County HistoryTourist attractions EditFormer Yilan Prison Memorial Hall of Founding of Yilan Administration Yilan Brick Kiln Yilan Distillery Chia Chi Lan Wine Museum Yilan Literary Museum Yilan Museum of ArtTransportation Edit Yilan Station Yilan City is accessible by Yilan Station of the Taiwan Railways References Edit a b 各里里長 Village leaders in Chinese Yilan City Office Retrieved 2017 02 21 宜蘭市總里數 38里 鄰數 478 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 in Chinese Retrieved 23 November 2019 字詞 宜蘭市 注音 ㄧˊ ㄌㄢˊ ㄕˋ 漢語拼音 yi lan shi Entry 40193 蛤仔難 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 Dictionary of Frequently Used Taiwan Minnan in Chinese and Hokkien Ministry of Education R O C 2011 Davidson James W 1903 The Island of Formosa Past and Present London and New York Macmillan p 211 OCLC 1887893 OL 6931635M Takekoshi 1907 p 200 Discovery Center of YiLan Yilan City Office Ilancity gov tw Retrieved 2014 05 25 a b 認識宜蘭市 Get to Know Yilan City ilancity gov tw in Chinese Yilan City Office Retrieved 2017 02 21 宜蘭縣宜蘭市 現住人口數按性別及年歲分 Resident Population Figures by Gender and Age Yilan City Yilan County PDF ilhhr e land gov tw in Chinese Yilan City Household Registration Office December 2016 Retrieved 2017 02 21 2018 Local Elections Central Election Commission Retrieved 23 November 2019 Shennong Vil Minquan Vil Jinshi Vil Nanqiao Vil Jianye Vil Nanjin Vil Kaixuan Vil Liming Vil Tungcun Vil Yanping Vil Qizhang Vil Cian Vil Xinmin Vil Tungmen Vil Xiaotung Vil Caiyuan Vil Xiaolian Vil Xinsheng Vil Jiaobai Vil Beijin Vil Meizhou Vil Beimen Vil Zhongshan Vil Ximen Vil Nanmen Vil Fuguo Vil Minzu Vil Jianjun Vil Siyuan Vil Wenhua Vil Fuxing Vil Chenggong Vil Xintung Vil Qijie Vil Taishan Vil Daxin Vil Zhongxing Vil Baili Vil Bibliography EditTakekoshi Yosaburō 1907 Japanese rule in Formosa London New York Bombay and Calcutta Longmans Green and co OCLC 753129 OL 6986981M External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Yilan City Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yilan Official website Northeast and Yilan Coast National Scenic Area Sarah Shair Rosenfield November 2020 Taiwan combined PDF The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Retrieved 29 May 2021 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yilan City amp oldid 1041898779, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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