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Eagle Claw

For the military operation, see Operation Eagle Claw. For the film, see Eagle's Claw. For other uses, see Eagle Claw (disambiguation).
This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.(April 2012) ()

Eagle Claw (Chinese:鷹爪派; pinyin: yīng zhǎo pài) is a style of Chinese martial arts known for its gripping techniques, system of joint locks, takedowns, and pressure point strikes, which is representative of Chinese grappling known as Chin Na. The style is normally attributed to the famous patriotic Song Dynasty General Yue Fei. Popular legends states that he learned martial arts from a Shaolin Monk named Zhou Tong and later created Eagle Claw to help his armies combat the invading armies of the Jin dynasty. It was passed down until the Ming Dynasty. Thus, the style took on long range strikes and aerial jumps. During the Qing Dynasty, the military instructor Liu Shi Jun became known as the modern progenitor of Eagle Claw and taught many students. His student Liu Cheng You later taught Chen Zizheng who was invited to teach the style in the prestigious Chin Woo Athletic Association during the Republican era. The style spread as Chin Woo opened sister schools in other provinces. Today, it is practiced around the world.

Ying Zhao Pai
(鷹爪派)
Chan Tzi Ching performing a technique
Also known asEagle Claw, Eagle Fist, Eagle Hand, Ying Kuen, Ying Quan, Ying Sao, Ying Shou
FocusChin Na, Striking, Grappling, Joint lock
Country of originGreater China
CreatorYue Fei (attributed)
Famous practitionersLai Chin
Liu Shi Jun
Liu Cheng You
Chan Tzi Ching / Chen Zizheng
Lau Kai Man
Chian Jin Man
ParenthoodShaolin kung fu (credited), Chin Na, (later combined by Lai Chin)
Descendant artsYuejiaquan, Xing Yi Quan
Olympic sportNo

Contents

While the details of the history alter according to the teller, with names and places shifting as they tend to do in any oral history, in essence the story of Eagle Claw began in the Shaolin Temple and in Chinese military training, became a family tradition passed on from parent to child for generations and eventually shed its air of secrecy with the advent of public martial arts schools.

Yue Fei

Main article: Yue Fei

The creation of the Eagle Claw method is normally attributed to General Yue Fei (1103–1141) who lived at a time of conflict between the Southern Song Dynasty and the Jurchen tribes of the Jin dynasty. Despite being literate, young Yue Fei chose the military path because there had never been any tradition of full-fledged Confucian civil service in his family history. However, the Yue family was much too poor to afford military lessons for their son, so the boy's maternal grandfather Yao Dewang hired Chen Guang (陈广) to teach the eleven-year-old how to wield the Chinese spear. Then a local knight errant named Zhou Tong (周同) was brought in to continue Yue's military training in archery after he had quickly mastered the spear by the age of thirteen.

None of Yue Fei's biographies mention him learning boxing as a child, but martial researcher Stanley Henning states "[Yue] almost certainly did practice some form of bare handed fighting as a basic foundation for use of weapons." However, he doesn't venture to guess if either of his teachers or someone else taught him boxing. Despite this, many modern day martial arts masters have assigned Zhou Tong this position. For instance, the internalist Yang Jwingming claims Zhou was a scholar who trained at the famed Shaolin temple and later taught Yue other skills beyond archery, such as various forms of internal and external martial arts. Yang believes this later led to Yue's creation of Eagle Claw and Xingyi, another style associated with the general. The history that Yang presents does not mention the spearplayer Chen Guang and erroneously casts Zhou as Yue's only teacher. Eagle Claw proponent Leung Shum does this as well and goes so far as to claim Zhou was a full-fledged Shaolin monk who trained Yue Fei inside of the temple itself. Leung believes Zhou taught him "Elephant Style" which the general later expanded to create the "'108 Locking Hands Techniques' or Ying Sao (Eagle Hand)." There is no evidence that Zhou was ever associated with the Shaolin Temple, though.

The general's biographies are also silent about him creating any styles of his own. The historian Meir Shahar notes Yue's mention in the second preface of the Sinew-Changing Classic (1624) is what "spurred a wave of allusions to the patriotic hero in later military literature". He continues, "By the eighteenth century, Yue Fei had been credited with the inventions of Xingyi Quan, and by the nineteenth century the 'Eight Section Brocade' and weapon techniques were attributed to him as well." The Ten Compilations on Cultivating Perfection (Xiuzhen shi-shu) (c. 1300) assigns the creation of the Eight Section Brocade to two of the Eight Immortals, namely Zhongli Quan and Lü Dongbin.

Shape-Mimicking Fist

In Chinese, pronounced Xiàng (象) means "shape, form, or appearance". 象形拳, Xiang Xing Quan, literally means "Imitation Boxing" or "Shape-Mimicking Fist". It is a fighting technique which emphasizes the imitation of the offensive and defensive actions of a certain animal characteristic or celestial personage.

Xiang Xing Quan is an umbrella term for any martial arts that mimics characteristic/ forms/ movement/ action from anything other than human, and there are more than one school of kungfu practicing imitation boxing. Example of the animal style: Dragon, Tiger, Panther, Snake, Crane style (that falls under Hung Gar) Eagle Style Chin Na, horse, Mantis Boxing and so on.[citation needed]

Shaolin

Main article: Shaolin Monastery

According to legend, in the late Ming Dynasty Yue Fei's material is said to have made a re-appearance at one of the sister schools of the Shaolin temple. Lai Chin/Liquan Seng (麗泉僧), an expert in the Bashanfan boxing method, encountered soldiers practicing the hand techniques that was called Yue Shi San Shou (岳家拳). After taking the time to learn and master these skills he undertook the daunting task of assimilating them into his pre-existing Fanziquan sets. Some earlier exponents nicknamed it "Ying Quan/Eagle Fist" due to the numerous grabbing skills present.

Qing Dynasty

In 1644 the Ming Dynasty was overthrown and replaced by the Qing Dynasty. The earliest mention of a traceable lineage of Eagle Claw comes from the Liu Family of Hebei Province.

Liu Shi Jun and Liu Cheng You

Liu Shi Jun (劉士俊劉仕俊(1827?-1910) (fl. 19th century) of Xiong County, Baoding City, Hebei is considered the Sijo (founder/ancestor) of the yīng zhuǎ fān zi quán (鷹爪翻子拳). He took up martial arts at an early age and studied under several exponents of Shaolin kungfu, Fanzi, and possibly Chuojiao and Liuhe boxing which were around at the time. Around middle age, he learned Yue Shi San Shouand Fanzi from Fa Cheng - Fa Seng (法成僧) and Dao Ji Seng (道濟僧). He later was appointed as the military arts instructor for one of the barracks in the capital city of Beijing. He taught the troops fist and spear skills. His students were Liu Cheng You (劉成有), Liu Dekuan (劉德寬), Ji Zixiu (纪子修), Xu Liu, Ji De, Li Zhengsheng and others.

Liu Cheng You (劉成有) first learned martial arts from his uncle Liu Dekuan (劉德寬), who had been a student of Liu Shi Jun when stationed in Beijing. He continued his instruction under other prominent martial artist of the region such as "Dong Xianzhou (Ba Shan Fan) and Yang Jingshan nicknamed "flying Legs". He later received advanced training under Liu Shi Jun when he retired to his home village. Liu Chen You turned out to be a very strict teacher and only accepted a few students. The main 2 were Liu Qi Wen (劉啟文) & Chen Zizheng (陳子正). From them the system expanded and became popular when associated with the famous Chin Woo Association. Many of their students became prolific teachers that helped spread the system throughout Asia were: Zhang Zhan Wen (张詹文) Liu Zhi Xiang, Liu Zhan Wu, Lei Peixian, Bao Xi Yong, Chen Go Qing, Guo Cheng Yao, Li Bao Ying, Liu Fa Meng, Zhang Jung Ting, etc

Chin Woo Athletic Association

The Chin Woo Athletic Association was fronted by the famed martial artist Huo Yuanjia in Shanghai. Its purpose was the dissemination of not only Martial Arts but sports and other educational systems to the public. The Eagle Claw system remained relatively restricted to the Xiong County, Baoding City in Hebei until Chen Zizheng was invited to teach at the Chin Wu.

After initial success with the first School in Shanghai, Chen went to his training brother Liu Qi Wen to offer his students careers as Martial Arts instructors in the Chin Woo Association. In time, Eagle Claw was being taught in Shanghai, Hong Kong, Guandong, Futsan, Singapore, Malaysia etc.

Eagle Claw Kung Fu Claw Position.

There are 3 main Eagle Claw lineages known that most teachers/schools can trace their style to.

  1. Liu Qiwen (劉啟文) (Lau Kai Man)
  2. Chen Zizheng (陳子正) (Chan Tzi Ching)
  3. Zhang Zhan Wen (张詹文) (Chian Jin Man)

Lineages Outside Asia

United States:

  • Shum Leung 岑亮 (NYC) - Instructor: Ng Wai Nung 吳惠農 (student of Chan Tzi Ching, Lee Pu Yin, and Lau Fat Mang 劉法孟)
  • Lily Lau 劉莉莉 (California) - Instructor: Lau Fat Mang 劉法孟 (student of Lau Kai Man)
  • Gini Lau (California) - Instructor: Lau Fat Mang 劉法孟 (student of Lau Kai Man)
  • James Lau Chi Kin 劉志堅 (Liu Zhikin) - Instructor: Lau Fat Mang (student of Lau Kai Man)

Brazil:

  • Li Wing Kay 李榮基 - Instructor: Lau Fat Mang 劉法孟 (student of Lau Kai Man)
  • Chan Kwok Wai 陳國偉 - Instructor: Zhang Zhan Wen 张詹文 (student of Liu Cheng You)

United Kingdom:

  • Julian Dale 道志鸿 - Instructor: Chen Jun Xin 陳俊新 (student of Yin Zhi Jiang 尹志江 & Liu Shu Yan 劉書彦)

How the Eagle Claw system is taught varies between each teacher's skill and experiences. What is consistent of an Eagle Claw Master is their knowledge of the 3 core Hand sets of the style and the Spear.

  • Xing Quan (行拳) is known as the "Walking Fist." This set consists of ten to twelve rows of techniques representative of what is today known as Shaolin Fanziquan.
  • Lian Quan (連拳) is known as the "Linking Fist." A very important set consisting of 50 short lines/rows repeting techniques on both the left side and right side, in that it not only provides the exponent with an encyclopedic base of the various seizing, grappling and joint-locks of qinna, but it also incorporates various Qigong skills as well. Based on Older Fanzi Routines that were combined and restructured by the Eagle Claw King Chen Zi Zheng. Most have nicknamed this set the "Dictionary of Eagle Claw" due to the content containing probably 90% of the style's skills and techniques taught within 50 Rows.
  • Yue Shi San Shou (aka Yī Bǎi Ling Bā Qín Ná 一百零八擒拿 – “108 Seize Grab" techniques) is considered the "heart" of the Eagle Claw system. It is believed to be the original material passed down by the style's legendary founder Yue Fei. This material has 108 different categories of skills/techniques that are trained to a level of perfection with partners. One thing to remember is that each sequence is only an example of that category which contains numerous variations and offshoots.
  • Qiang/Cheung (枪) -Spear is the primary Weapon associated with the Eagle Claw Style. There is no consensus as to what the original spear routine was as numerous diverse sets exist in the different branches. It is felt that there were mainly loose skills that one would practice singularly then against an opponent. Legend tells us that Yue Fei's was called Li Quan Qiang (沥泉枪) which is still taught as part of the Yue Jia System preserved by Zhang LanYei, 26th generation inheritor of Yue Family Fist. Various sets and routines that exist(ed) are: 3 step spear, 6 harmony spear, plum flower spear, luohan spear, Shaolin Spear, Pear Blossom Spear etc. And with these single person routines there exist numerous partner sets that are paired against the spear: Empty Hands, Saber, Spear, Kwandao, 3 Sectional Staff, Daggers and straight sword etc.
  1. Wilhelm, Hellmut. "From Myth to Myth: The Case of Yueh Fei’s biography," in Confucian Personalities, ed. Arthur Wright and Denis Twitchett. Stanford studies in the civilizations of eastern Asia. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1962, p. 149
  2. Qian, Ru Wen (钱汝雯). Biography of Song Yue, Prince of E (宋岳鄂王年), 1924
  3. Kaplan, Edward Harold. Yueh Fei and the founding of the Southern Sung. Thesis (Ph. D.) -- University of Iowa, 1970. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International, 1970., p. 13
  4. 周同 is the historical variant of Zhou's name. 周侗 is a variant often appearing in forms of fiction and martial arts manuals (Hsia, C.T. C. T. Hsia on Chinese Literature. Columbia University Press, 2004, pp. 448-449, footnote #31).
  5. Henning, Stanley E., M.A. "Chinese General Yue Fei: Martial Arts Facts, Tales and Mysteries". Journal of Asian Martial Arts. Vol. 15 #4, 2006, pp. 30-35, p. 32
  6. Liang, Shou-Yu and Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming. Xingyiquan: Theory, Applications, Fighting Tactics and Spirit. Boston: YMAA Publication Center, 2002, pp. 15-16
  7. Leung, Shum and Jeanne Chin. The Secrets of Eagle Claw Kung Fu: Ying Jow Pai. Tuttle martial arts. Boston: Tuttle Pub, 2001, p. 13https://books.google.com/books/about/The_Secrets_of_Eagle_Claw_Kung_fu.html?id=DBsfcUGZTcYC
  8. Leung: p. 15
  9. Kaplan: pp. 10-12
  10. Yue, Ke (岳柯). Jin Tuo Xu Pian (金佗续编), 1234 - Chapter 28, pg. 16
  11. Tuotuo. Song Shi. [Er shi wu shi, 20]. [Beijing?]: Zhonghua shu ju, 1999
  12. Shahar, Meir. The Shaolin Monastery: History, Religion, and the Chinese Martial Arts. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2008, p. 168
  13. Shahar, The Shaolin Monastery, p. 160
  14. Fa Seng is recognized as a lineage holder of Bashanfan under Li Gongran.
  15. Dong Xianzhou was the classmate of Facheng under Li Gongran and cousin to Bagua founder Dong Hai Chuan

Eagle Claw
Eagle Claw Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Ying Zhao Quan For the military operation see Operation Eagle Claw For the film see Eagle s Claw For other uses see Eagle Claw disambiguation This article possibly contains original research Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations Statements consisting only of original research should be removed April 2012 Learn how and when to remove this template message Eagle Claw Chinese 鷹爪派 pinyin ying zhǎo pai is a style of Chinese martial arts known for its gripping techniques system of joint locks takedowns and pressure point strikes which is representative of Chinese grappling known as Chin Na The style is normally attributed to the famous patriotic Song Dynasty General Yue Fei Popular legends states that he learned martial arts from a Shaolin Monk named Zhou Tong and later created Eagle Claw to help his armies combat the invading armies of the Jin dynasty It was passed down until the Ming Dynasty Thus the style took on long range strikes and aerial jumps During the Qing Dynasty the military instructor Liu Shi Jun became known as the modern progenitor of Eagle Claw and taught many students His student Liu Cheng You later taught Chen Zizheng who was invited to teach the style in the prestigious Chin Woo Athletic Association during the Republican era The style spread as Chin Woo opened sister schools in other provinces Today it is practiced around the world Ying Zhao Pai 鷹爪派 Chan Tzi Ching performing a techniqueAlso known asEagle Claw Eagle Fist Eagle Hand Ying Kuen Ying Quan Ying Sao Ying ShouFocusChin Na Striking Grappling Joint lockCountry of originGreater ChinaCreatorYue Fei attributed Famous practitionersLai Chin Liu Shi Jun Liu Cheng You Chan Tzi Ching Chen Zizheng Lau Kai Man Chian Jin ManParenthoodShaolin kung fu credited Chin Na later combined by Lai Chin Descendant artsYuejiaquan Xing Yi QuanOlympic sportNo Contents 1 History 1 1 Yue Fei 1 1 1 Shape Mimicking Fist 1 2 Shaolin 1 3 Qing Dynasty 1 4 Liu Shi Jun and Liu Cheng You 1 5 Chin Woo Athletic Association 2 Lineages 2 1 Lineages Outside Asia 3 Training 4 References 5 External linksHistory EditWhile the details of the history alter according to the teller with names and places shifting as they tend to do in any oral history in essence the story of Eagle Claw began in the Shaolin Temple and in Chinese military training became a family tradition passed on from parent to child for generations and eventually shed its air of secrecy with the advent of public martial arts schools Yue Fei Edit Main article Yue Fei The creation of the Eagle Claw method is normally attributed to General Yue Fei 1103 1141 who lived at a time of conflict between the Southern Song Dynasty and the Jurchen tribes of the Jin dynasty Despite being literate young Yue Fei chose the military path because there had never been any tradition of full fledged Confucian civil service in his family history 1 However the Yue family was much too poor to afford military lessons for their son so the boy s maternal grandfather Yao Dewang hired Chen Guang 陈广 to teach the eleven year old how to wield the Chinese spear Then a local knight errant named Zhou Tong 周同 was brought in to continue Yue s military training in archery after he had quickly mastered the spear by the age of thirteen 2 3 4 None of Yue Fei s biographies mention him learning boxing as a child but martial researcher Stanley Henning states Yue almost certainly did practice some form of bare handed fighting as a basic foundation for use of weapons 5 However he doesn t venture to guess if either of his teachers or someone else taught him boxing Despite this many modern day martial arts masters have assigned Zhou Tong this position For instance the internalist Yang Jwingming claims Zhou was a scholar who trained at the famed Shaolin temple and later taught Yue other skills beyond archery such as various forms of internal and external martial arts Yang believes this later led to Yue s creation of Eagle Claw and Xingyi another style associated with the general 6 The history that Yang presents does not mention the spearplayer Chen Guang and erroneously casts Zhou as Yue s only teacher 6 Eagle Claw proponent Leung Shum does this as well and goes so far as to claim Zhou was a full fledged Shaolin monk who trained Yue Fei inside of the temple itself 7 Leung believes Zhou taught him Elephant Style which the general later expanded to create the 108 Locking Hands Techniques or Ying Sao Eagle Hand 8 There is no evidence that Zhou was ever associated with the Shaolin Temple though 9 The general s biographies are also silent about him creating any styles of his own 10 11 The historian Meir Shahar notes Yue s mention in the second preface of the Sinew Changing Classic 1624 is what spurred a wave of allusions to the patriotic hero in later military literature He continues By the eighteenth century Yue Fei had been credited with the inventions of Xingyi Quan and by the nineteenth century the Eight Section Brocade and weapon techniques were attributed to him as well 12 The Ten Compilations on Cultivating Perfection Xiuzhen shi shu c 1300 assigns the creation of the Eight Section Brocade to two of the Eight Immortals namely Zhongli Quan and Lu Dongbin 13 Shape Mimicking Fist Edit In Chinese pronounced Xiang 象 means shape form or appearance 象形拳 Xiang Xing Quan literally means Imitation Boxing or Shape Mimicking Fist It is a fighting technique which emphasizes the imitation of the offensive and defensive actions of a certain animal characteristic or celestial personage Xiang Xing Quan is an umbrella term for any martial arts that mimics characteristic forms movement action from anything other than human and there are more than one school of kungfu practicing imitation boxing Example of the animal style Dragon Tiger Panther Snake Crane style that falls under Hung Gar Eagle Style Chin Na horse Mantis Boxing and so on citation needed Shaolin Edit Main article Shaolin Monastery According to legend in the late Ming Dynasty Yue Fei s material is said to have made a re appearance at one of the sister schools of the Shaolin temple Lai Chin Liquan Seng 麗泉僧 an expert in the Bashanfan boxing method encountered soldiers practicing the hand techniques that was called Yue Shi San Shou 岳家拳 After taking the time to learn and master these skills he undertook the daunting task of assimilating them into his pre existing Fanziquan sets Some earlier exponents nicknamed it Ying Quan Eagle Fist due to the numerous grabbing skills present Qing Dynasty Edit In 1644 the Ming Dynasty was overthrown and replaced by the Qing Dynasty The earliest mention of a traceable lineage of Eagle Claw comes from the Liu Family of Hebei Province Liu Shi Jun and Liu Cheng You Edit Liu Shi Jun 劉士俊劉仕俊 1827 1910 fl 19th century of Xiong County Baoding City Hebei is considered the Sijo founder ancestor of the ying zhuǎ fan zi quan 鷹爪翻子拳 He took up martial arts at an early age and studied under several exponents of Shaolin kungfu Fanzi and possibly Chuojiao and Liuhe boxing which were around at the time Around middle age he learned Yue Shi San Shouand Fanzi from Fa Cheng Fa Seng 法成僧 14 and Dao Ji Seng 道濟僧 He later was appointed as the military arts instructor for one of the barracks in the capital city of Beijing He taught the troops fist and spear skills His students were Liu Cheng You 劉成有 Liu Dekuan 劉德寬 Ji Zixiu 纪子修 Xu Liu Ji De Li Zhengsheng and others Liu Cheng You 劉成有 first learned martial arts from his uncle Liu Dekuan 劉德寬 who had been a student of Liu Shi Jun when stationed in Beijing He continued his instruction under other prominent martial artist of the region such as Dong Xianzhou Ba Shan Fan and Yang Jingshan nicknamed flying Legs 15 He later received advanced training under Liu Shi Jun when he retired to his home village Liu Chen You turned out to be a very strict teacher and only accepted a few students The main 2 were Liu Qi Wen 劉啟文 amp Chen Zizheng 陳子正 From them the system expanded and became popular when associated with the famous Chin Woo Association Many of their students became prolific teachers that helped spread the system throughout Asia were Zhang Zhan Wen 张詹文 Liu Zhi Xiang Liu Zhan Wu Lei Peixian Bao Xi Yong Chen Go Qing Guo Cheng Yao Li Bao Ying Liu Fa Meng Zhang Jung Ting etc Chin Woo Athletic Association Edit Main article Chin Woo Athletic Association The Chin Woo Athletic Association was fronted by the famed martial artist Huo Yuanjia in Shanghai Its purpose was the dissemination of not only Martial Arts but sports and other educational systems to the public The Eagle Claw system remained relatively restricted to the Xiong County Baoding City in Hebei until Chen Zizheng was invited to teach at the Chin Wu After initial success with the first School in Shanghai Chen went to his training brother Liu Qi Wen to offer his students careers as Martial Arts instructors in the Chin Woo Association In time Eagle Claw was being taught in Shanghai Hong Kong Guandong Futsan Singapore Malaysia etc Lineages Edit Eagle Claw Kung Fu Claw Position There are 3 main Eagle Claw lineages known that most teachers schools can trace their style to Liu Qiwen 劉啟文 Lau Kai Man Chen Zizheng 陳子正 Chan Tzi Ching Zhang Zhan Wen 张詹文 Chian Jin Man Lineages Outside Asia Edit United States Shum Leung 岑亮 NYC Instructor Ng Wai Nung 吳惠農 student of Chan Tzi Ching Lee Pu Yin and Lau Fat Mang 劉法孟 Lily Lau 劉莉莉 California Instructor Lau Fat Mang 劉法孟 student of Lau Kai Man Gini Lau California Instructor Lau Fat Mang 劉法孟 student of Lau Kai Man James Lau Chi Kin 劉志堅 Liu Zhikin Instructor Lau Fat Mang student of Lau Kai Man Brazil Li Wing Kay 李榮基 Instructor Lau Fat Mang 劉法孟 student of Lau Kai Man Chan Kwok Wai 陳國偉 Instructor Zhang Zhan Wen 张詹文 student of Liu Cheng You United Kingdom Julian Dale 道志鸿 Instructor Chen Jun Xin 陳俊新 student of Yin Zhi Jiang 尹志江 amp Liu Shu Yan 劉書彦 Training EditHow the Eagle Claw system is taught varies between each teacher s skill and experiences What is consistent of an Eagle Claw Master is their knowledge of the 3 core Hand sets of the style and the Spear Xing Quan 行拳 is known as the Walking Fist This set consists of ten to twelve rows of techniques representative of what is today known as Shaolin Fanziquan Lian Quan 連拳 is known as the Linking Fist A very important set consisting of 50 short lines rows repeting techniques on both the left side and right side in that it not only provides the exponent with an encyclopedic base of the various seizing grappling and joint locks of qinna but it also incorporates various Qigong skills as well Based on Older Fanzi Routines that were combined and restructured by the Eagle Claw King Chen Zi Zheng Most have nicknamed this set the Dictionary of Eagle Claw due to the content containing probably 90 of the style s skills and techniques taught within 50 Rows Yue Shi San Shou aka Yi Bǎi Ling Ba Qin Na 一百零八擒拿 108 Seize Grab techniques is considered the heart of the Eagle Claw system It is believed to be the original material passed down by the style s legendary founder Yue Fei This material has 108 different categories of skills techniques that are trained to a level of perfection with partners One thing to remember is that each sequence is only an example of that category which contains numerous variations and offshoots Qiang Cheung 枪 Spear is the primary Weapon associated with the Eagle Claw Style There is no consensus as to what the original spear routine was as numerous diverse sets exist in the different branches It is felt that there were mainly loose skills that one would practice singularly then against an opponent Legend tells us that Yue Fei s was called Li Quan Qiang 沥泉枪 which is still taught as part of the Yue Jia System preserved by Zhang LanYei 26th generation inheritor of Yue Family Fist Various sets and routines that exist ed are 3 step spear 6 harmony spear plum flower spear luohan spear Shaolin Spear Pear Blossom Spear etc And with these single person routines there exist numerous partner sets that are paired against the spear Empty Hands Saber Spear Kwandao 3 Sectional Staff Daggers and straight sword etc References Edit Wilhelm Hellmut From Myth to Myth The Case of Yueh Fei s biography in Confucian Personalities ed Arthur Wright and Denis Twitchett Stanford studies in the civilizations of eastern Asia Stanford Calif Stanford University Press 1962 p 149 Qian Ru Wen 钱汝雯 Biography of Song Yue Prince of E 宋岳鄂王年 1924 Kaplan Edward Harold Yueh Fei and the founding of the Southern Sung Thesis Ph D University of Iowa 1970 Ann Arbor University Microfilms International 1970 p 13 周同 is the historical variant of Zhou s name 周侗 is a variant often appearing in forms of fiction and martial arts manuals Hsia C T C T Hsia on Chinese Literature Columbia University Press 2004 pp 448 449 footnote 31 Henning Stanley E M A Chinese General Yue Fei Martial Arts Facts Tales and Mysteries Journal of Asian Martial Arts Vol 15 4 2006 pp 30 35 p 32 a b Liang Shou Yu and Dr Yang Jwing Ming Xingyiquan Theory Applications Fighting Tactics and Spirit Boston YMAA Publication Center 2002 pp 15 16 Leung Shum and Jeanne Chin The Secrets of Eagle Claw Kung Fu Ying Jow Pai Tuttle martial arts Boston Tuttle Pub 2001 p 13https books google com books about The Secrets of Eagle Claw Kung fu html id DBsfcUGZTcYC Leung p 15 Kaplan pp 10 12 Yue Ke 岳柯 Jin Tuo Xu Pian 金佗续编 1234 Chapter 28 pg 16 Tuotuo Song Shi Er shi wu shi 20 Beijing Zhonghua shu ju 1999 Shahar Meir The Shaolin Monastery History Religion and the Chinese Martial Arts Honolulu University of Hawai i Press 2008 p 168 Shahar The Shaolin Monastery p 160 Fa Seng is recognized as a lineage holder of Bashanfan under Li Gongran Dong Xianzhou was the classmate of Facheng under Li Gongran and cousin to Bagua founder Dong Hai ChuanExternal links EditHistory of Fanzi Bashanfan Satirio com Accessed 2 26 2010 History of Ying Men Quan Satirio com Accessed 2 26 2010 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Eagle Claw amp oldid 1038622644, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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