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Wikipedia

Youth International Party

"Yippie" redirects here. For other uses, see Yippie (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Yuppie or Hippie.

The Youth International Party (YIP), whose members were commonly called Yippies, was an American youth-oriented radical and countercultural revolutionary offshoot of the free speech and anti-war movements of the late 1960s. It was founded on December 31, 1967. They employed theatrical gestures to mock the social status quo, such as advancing a pig ("Pigasus the Immortal") as a candidate for president of the United States in 1968. They have been described as a highly theatrical, anti-authoritarian and anarchist youth movement of "symbolic politics".

Youth International Party
LeaderNone (Pigasus used as a symbolic leader)
FoundedDecember 31, 1967 (1967-12-31) (as Yippies)
HeadquartersNew York City
NewspaperThe Yipster Times
Youth International Party Line
Overthrow
IdeologyUnofficial
Libertarian socialism
Anarcho-communism
Green anarchism
Free love
Political positionPost-left (unofficial)
ColorsBlack, green, red
Party flag
Website
youthinternationalparty.org

Since they were well known for street theatre and politically themed pranks, they were either ignored or denounced by many of the "old school" political left. According to ABC News, "The group was known for street theater pranks and was once referred to as the 'Groucho Marxists'."

Contents

The Yippies had no formal membership or hierarchy. It was founded by Abbie and Anita Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, Nancy Kurshan, and Paul Krassner, at a meeting in the Hoffmans' New York apartment on December 31, 1967. According to his own account, Krassner coined the name. "If the press had created 'hippie,' could not we five hatch the 'yippie'?" Abbie Hoffman wrote.

Other activists associated with the Yippies include Stew Albert, Judy Gumbo, Ed Sanders, Robin Morgan, Phil Ochs, Robert M. Ockene, William Kunstler, Jonah Raskin, Steve Conliff, Jerome Washington, John Sinclair, Jim Retherford, Dana Beal, Betty (Zaria) Andrew, Joanee Freedom, Danny Boyle, Ben Masel, Tom Forcade, Paul Watson, David Peel, Wavy Gravy, Aron Kay, Tuli Kupferberg, Jill Johnston, Daisy Deadhead, Leatrice Urbanowicz, Bob Fass, Mayer Vishner, Alice Torbush, Judy Lampe, Walli Leff, Patrick K. Kroupa, Steve DeAngelo, Dean Tuckerman, Dennis Peron, Jim Fouratt, John Penley, Pete Wagner and Brenton Lengel.

A Yippie flag was often seen at anti-war demonstrations. The flag had a black background with a five-pointed red star in the center, and a green cannabis leaf superimposed over it. When asked about the Yippie flag, an anonymous Yippie identified only as "Jung" told The New York Times that "The black is for anarchy. The red star is for our five point program. And the leaf is for marijuana, which is for getting ecologically stoned without polluting the environment." This flag is also mentioned in Hoffman's Steal This Book.

Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin became the most famous Yippies—and bestselling authors—in part due to publicity surrounding the five-month Chicago Seven Conspiracy trial of 1969. They both used the phrase "ideology is a brain disease" to separate the Yippies from mainstream political parties that played the game by the rules. Hoffman and Rubin were arguably the most colorful of the seven defendants accused of criminal conspiracy and inciting to riot at the August 1968 Democratic National Convention. Hoffman and Rubin used the trial as a platform for Yippie antics—at one point, they showed up in court attired in judicial robes.

Origins

YIP poster advertising the 1968 Festival of Life.

The term Yippie was invented by Krassner, as well Abbie and Anita Hoffman, on New Year's Eve 1967. Paul Krassner wrote in a January 2007 article in the Los Angeles Times:

We needed a name to signify the radicalization of hippies, and I came up with Yippie as a label for a phenomenon that already existed, an organic coalition of psychedelic hippies and political activists. In the process of cross-fertilization at antiwar demonstrations, we had come to share an awareness that there was a linear connection between putting kids in prison for smoking pot in this country and burning them to death with napalm on the other side of the planet.

Anita Hoffman liked the word, but felt that The New York Times and other "strait-laced types" needed a more formal name to take the movement seriously. That same night she came up with Youth International Party, because it symbolized the movement and made for a good play on words.

Along with the name Youth International Party, the organization was also simply called Yippie!, as in a shout for joy (with an exclamation mark to express exhilaration). "What does Yippie! mean?" Abbie Hoffman wrote. "Energy – fun – fierceness – exclamation point!"

First press conference

The Yippies held their first press conference in New York at the Americana Hotel March 17, 1968, five months before the August 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Judy Collins sang at the press conference. The Chicago Sun-Times reported it with an article titled: "Yipes! The Yippies Are Coming!"

The Yippie "New Nation" concept called for the creation of alternative, counterculture institutions: food co-ops; underground newspapers and zines; free clinics and support groups; artist collectives; potlatches, "swap-meets" and free stores; organic farming/permaculture; pirate radio, bootleg recording and public-access television; Squatting; free schools; etc. Yippies believed these cooperative institutions and a radicalized hippie culture would spread until they supplanted the existing system. Many of these ideas/practices came from other (overlapping and intermingling) counter-cultural groups such as the Diggers, the San Francisco Mime Troupe, the Merry Pranksters/Deadheads, the Hog Farm, the Rainbow Family, the Esalen Institute, the Peace and Freedom Party, the White Panther Party and The Farm. There was much overlap, social interaction and cross-pollination within these groups and the Yippies, so there was much crossover membership, as well as similar influences and intentions.

"We are a people. We are a new nation," YIP's New Nation Statement said of the burgeoning hippie movement. "We want everyone to control their own life and to care for one another ... We cannot tolerate attitudes, institutions, and machines whose purpose is the destruction of life, the accumulation of profit."

The goal was a decentralized, collective, anarchistic nation rooted in the borderless hippie counterculture and its communal ethos. Abbie Hoffman wrote:

We shall not defeat Amerika by organizing a political party. We shall do it by building a new nation—a nation as rugged as the marijuana leaf.

The flag for the "new nation" consisted of a black background with a red five pointed star in the center and a green marijuana leaf superimposed over it (same as the YIP flag).

The Chicago History Museum shows a different flag for the new nation. It is not the marijuana leaf. It has the word NOW under what looks like the all-seeing eye on a pyramid seen on the back of a dollar bill.

The Yippies often paid tribute to rock 'n' roll and irreverent pop-culture figures such as the Marx Brothers, James Dean and Lenny Bruce. Many Yippies used nicknames which contained Baby Boomer television or pop references, such as Pogo or Gumby. (Pogo was notable for creating the famous slogan: "We have met the enemy and he is us"—first used on a 1970 Earth Day poster.)

The Yippies' love of pop-culture was one way to differentiate the Old and New Left, as Jesse Walker writes in Reason magazine:

Forty years ago, the yippies seemed unusual because they fused the political radicalism of the New Left with the long-haired, grass-smoking lifestyle of the counterculture. Today that combination is so familiar that many people don't even realize that the protesters and the hippies initially distrusted each other. What seems most curious about the yippies today is the way they mixed hard left politics with a deep appreciation for pop culture. Abbie Hoffman announced that he wanted to combine the styles of Andy Warhol and Fidel Castro. Jerry Rubin dedicated Do it! not just to his girlfriend but to "Dope, Color TV, and Violent Revolution." Even when praising a form of mass culture that had earned some grudging respect from the late-'60s left—rock 'n' roll—Rubin's list of musicians who "gave us the life/beat and set us free" included not just raucous originals like Jerry Lee Lewis and Bo Diddley but Fabian and Frankie Avalon, commercial confections that most lefty rock intellectuals disdained as insufficiently authentic. In one chapter, Rubin complained that if "the white ideological left" took over, "Rock dancing would be taboo, and miniskirts, Hollywood movies and comic books would be illegal." All this from a self-proclaimed communist whose heroes included Castro, Chairman Mao, and Ho Chi Minh.

It's not that the yippies swallowed pop culture uncritically. (Hoffman kept a sign attached to the bottom of his TV that said "bullshit.") It's that they saw the mass media's dream-world as another terrain to fight in.

At demonstrations and parades, Yippies often wore face paint or colorful bandannas to keep from being identified in photographs. Other Yippies reveled in the spotlight, allowing their stealthier comrades the anonymity they needed for their pranks.

One cultural intervention that misfired was at Woodstock, with Abbie Hoffman interrupting a performance by The Who, trying to speak against the incarceration of John Sinclair, sentenced to 10 years in prison in 1969 after giving two joints to an undercover narcotics officer. Guitarist Pete Townshend used his guitar to bat Hoffman off the stage.

The Yippies were the first on the New Left to make a point of exploiting mass media. Colorful, theatrical Yippie actions were tailored to attract media coverage and also to provide a stage where people could express the "repressed" Yippie inside them. "We believe every nonyippie is a repressed yippie," Jerry Rubin wrote in Do it! "We try to bring out the yippie in everybody."

Early Yippie actions

A "Yippie!" button on display at the Chicago History Museum

Yippies were famous for their sense of humor. Many direct actions were often satirical and elaborate pranks or put-ons. An application to levitate The Pentagon during the October, 1967 March on the Pentagon, and a mass protest/mock levitation at the building organized by Rubin, Hoffman and company at the event, helped to set the tone for Yippie when it was established a couple of months later.

Another famous prank just before the term "Yippie" was coined was a guerrilla theater event in New York City on August 24, 1967. Abbie Hoffman and a group of future Yippies managed to get into a tour of the New York Stock Exchange, where they threw fistfuls of real and fake US$ from the balcony of the visitors' gallery down to the traders below, some of whom booed, while others began to scramble frantically to grab the money as fast as they could. The visitors' gallery was closed until a glass barrier could be installed, to prevent similar incidents.

On the 40th anniversary of the NYSE event, CNN Money editor James Ledbetter described the now-famous incident:

[The] group of pranksters began throwing handfuls of one-dollar bills over the railing, laughing the entire time. (The exact number of bills is a matter of dispute; Hoffman later wrote that it was 300, while others said no more than 30 or 40 were thrown.)

Some of the brokers, clerks and stock runners below laughed and waved; others jeered angrily and shook their fists. The bills barely had time to land on the ground before guards began removing the group from the building, but news photos had been taken and the Stock Exchange "happening" quickly slid into iconic status.

Once outside, the activists formed a circle, holding hands and chanting "Free! Free!" At one point, Hoffman stood in the center of the circle and lit the edge of a $5 bill while grinning madly, but an NYSE runner grabbed it from him, stamped on it, and said: "You're disgusting."

If the prank accomplished nothing else, it helped cement Hoffman's reputation as one of America's most outlandish and creative protestors ... the "Yippie" movement quickly became a prominent part of America's counterculture.

There was a clash with police on March 22, 1968, where a large group of countercultural youths led by the Yippies descended into Grand Central Station for a "Yip-In". The night erupted into a violent clash with police that Don McNeill of The Village Voice called a "pointless confrontation in a box canyon". A month later, Yippies organized a "Yip-Out," a be-in style event in Central Park that went off peacefully and drew 20,000 people.

In his book A Trumpet to Arms: Alternative Media in America, author David Armstrong points out that the Yippie hybrid of performance art, Guerilla theatre and political irreverence was often in direct conflict with the sensibility of the 60s American Left/peace movement:

The Yippies' unorthodox approach to revolution, which emphasized spontaneity over structure, and media blitz over community organizing, put them almost as much at odds with the rest of the left as with mainstream culture. Wrote (Jerry) Rubin in the Berkeley Barb, "The worst thing you can say about a demonstration is that it is boring, and one of the reasons that the peace movement has not grown into a mass movement is that the peace movement—its literature and its events—is a bore. Good theatre is needed to communicate revolutionary content.

House Un-American Activities Committee

The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) subpoenaed Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman of the Yippies in 1967, and again in the aftermath of the 1968 Democratic National Convention. The Yippies used media attention to make a mockery of the proceedings: Rubin came to one session dressed as an American Revolutionary War soldier, and passed out copies of the United States Declaration of Independence to people in attendance. Then Rubin "blew giant gum bubbles while his co-witnesses taunted the committee with Nazi salutes".[citation needed] Rubin also attended HUAC dressed as Santa Claus and a Viet Cong soldier.

On another occasion, police stopped Hoffman at the building entrance and arrested him for wearing an American flag. Hoffman quipped for the press, "I regret that I have but one shirt to give for my country", paraphrasing the last words of revolutionary patriot Nathan Hale; meanwhile Rubin, who was wearing a matching Viet Cong flag, shouted that the police were Communists for not arresting him also.

According to The Harvard Crimson:

In the fifties, the most effective sanction was terror. Almost any publicity from HUAC meant the 'blacklist.' Without a chance to clear his name, a witness would suddenly find himself without friends and without a job. But it is not easy to see how in 1969 a HUAC blacklist could terrorize an SDS activist. Witnesses like Jerry Rubin have openly boasted of their contempt for American institutions. A subpoena from HUAC would be unlikely to scandalize Abbie Hoffman or his friends.

Anti-war demonstrators in Lincoln Park, Chicago, attending a Yippie organized event, approximately five miles north of the convention center. The band MC5 can be seen playing.

Yippie theatrics culminated at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago. YIP planned a six-day Festival of Life – a celebration of the counterculture and a protest against the state of the nation. This was supposed to counter the "Convention of Death." This promised to be "the blending of pot and politics into a political grass leaves movement – a cross-fertilization of the hippie and New Left philosophies." Yippies' sensational statements before the convention were part of the theatrics, including a tongue-in-cheek threat to put LSD in Chicago's water supply. "We will fuck on the beaches! ... We demand the Politics of Ecstasy! ... Abandon the Creeping Meatball! ... And all the time 'Yippie! Chicago – August 25–30.'" First on a list of Yippie demands: "An immediate end to the war in Vietnam."

Yippie organizers hoped that well-known musicians would participate in the Festival of Life and draw a crowd of tens if not hundreds of thousands from across the country. The city of Chicago refused to issue any permits for the festival and most musicians withdrew from the project. Of the rock bands who had agreed to perform, only the MC5 came to Chicago to play and their set was cut short by a clash between the audience of a couple thousand and police. Phil Ochs and several other singer-songwriters also performed during the festival.

In response to the Festival of Life and other anti-war demonstrations during the Democratic convention, Chicago police repeatedly clashed with protesters, as many millions of viewers watched the extensive TV coverage of the events. On the evening of August 28 the police attacked the protesters in front of the Conrad Hilton hotel as the demonstrators chanted "The whole world is watching". This was a "police riot," concluded the US National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, stating:

"On the part of the police there was enough wild club swinging, enough cries of hatred, enough gratuitous beating to make the conclusion inescapable that individual policemen, and lots of them, committed violent acts far in excess of the requisite force for crowd dispersal or arrest."

The conspiracy trial

See also: Chicago Seven

Following the convention, eight protesters were charged with conspiracy to incite the riots. Their trial, which lasted five months, was heavily publicized. The Chicago Seven represented a cross-section of the New Left, including Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin.

In his book, American Fun: Four Centuries of Joyous Revolt, John Beckman writes:

Never mind Hair, the so-called Chicago Eight (then Seven) trial was the countercultural performance of the sixties. Guerrilla theater stared down courtroom farce to decide the civil dispute of the era: the Movement vs. the Establishment. The eight defendants seemed finically chosen to represent the world of dissent: SDS leaders Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden (who had authored "The Port Huron Statement"); graduate students Lee Weiner and John Froines; portly fifty-four-year-old Christian socialist David Dellinger; Yippies Rubin and Hoffman; and—briefly--Black Panther Bobby Seale. "Conspire, hell," Hoffman quipped. "We couldn't agree on lunch."

Several other Yippies – including Stew Albert, Wolfe Lowenthal, Brad Fox and Robin Palmer – were among another 18 activists named as "unindicted co-conspirators" in the case. While five of the defendants were initially convicted of crossing state lines to incite a riot, all convictions were soon reversed in appeal court. Defendants Hoffman and Rubin became popular authors and public speakers, spreading Yippie militancy and comedy wherever they appeared. When Hoffman appeared on The Merv Griffin Show, for example, he wore a shirt with an American flag design, prompting CBS to black out his image when the show aired.

The Youth International Party quickly spread beyond Rubin, Hoffman and the other founders. YIP had chapters all over the US and in other countries, with particularly active groups in New York City, Vancouver, Washington, D.C., Detroit, Milwaukee, Los Angeles, Tucson, Houston, Austin, Columbus, Dayton, Chicago, Berkeley, San Francisco and Madison. There were YIP conferences through the 1970s, beginning with a "New Nation Conference" in Madison, Wisconsin in 1971.

On the final day of the Madison conference, April 4, 1971, hundreds of riot police broke up a block party organized by local Yippies to cap the event, resulting in a street clash between Yippies and police.

Street protests

During an anti-war protest in Washington, D.C., on November 15, 1969, East Coast Yippies led thousands of youths in the storming of the Justice Department building.

On August 6, 1970, L.A. Yippies invaded Disneyland, hoisting the New Nation flag at City Hall and taking over Tom Sawyer's Island. While riot police confronted the Yippies, the theme park was closed early for only the second time in the park's history (the first being shortly after the assassination of President Kennedy.). As many as 23 of the 200 Yippies attending were arrested.

Vancouver Yippies invaded the US border town of Blaine, Washington, on May 9, 1970, to protest Richard Nixon's invasion of Cambodia and the shooting of students at Kent State.

Columbus Yippies were charged with inciting the rioting that occurred in the city on May 11, 1972, in response to Nixon's mining of North Vietnam's Haiphong harbor. They were acquitted.

YIP was a member of the coalition of anti-Vietnam War activists who, over several days in early May 1971, tried to shut down the US government by occupying intersections and bridges in Washington, D.C. The May Day protests resulted in the largest mass arrest in American history.

A frequent 'national' complaint among Yippies was that the New York 'central HQ' chapter acted as if other chapters did not exist and kept them out of the decision-making process. At one point, at a YIP conference in Ohio in 1972, Yippies voted to 'exclude' Abbie and Jerry as official spokespersons from the party, since they had become too famous and rich.

In 1972, Yippies and Zippies (a younger YIP radical breakaway faction whose "guiding spirit" was Tom Forcade) staged protests at the Republican and Democratic Conventions in Miami Beach. Some of the Miami protests were larger and more militant than the ones in Chicago in 1968. After Miami, the Zippies evolved back into Yippies.

Poster advertising Yippie-sponsored Pittsburgh Smoke-In, Schenley Park, July 2, 1977

In 1973, Yippies marched on the Manhattan home of Watergate conspirator John Mitchell:

... five hundred die-hard Yippies staged one last march on the Mitchell home, no longer the Watergate but a grand apartment building on Manhattan's Fifth Avenue. "Free Martha Mitchell!" they chanted. "Fuck John!" When the Mitchells finally appeared at the window to see what all the commotion was about, the stoners cherished their last "eye-to-eyeball confrontation with Mr. Law 'n' Order." To commemorate the moment, they placed a giant marijuana joint on the Mitchells' doorstep.

Yippies regularly protested at US presidential inaugurations, with a particularly strong presence at the 1973 inauguration of Richard Nixon. Yippies also demonstrated at the 1980 Republican National Convention in Detroit, as well as the subsequent 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas, where 99 Yippies were arrested:

DALLAS, Aug 22 — Ninety-nine demonstrators were arrested today outside the Republican National Convention after a Corporate War Chest Tour through the downtown area in which they intimidated shoppers, splattered paint and burned an American flag. The demonstrators, members of the Youth International Party, or Yippies, completed the spree through downtown by jumping into the reflecting pool at City Hall in the sweltering Dallas heat.

Smoke-ins

Poster advertising Yippie-sponsored Smoke-In at Ohio State University, April 29, 1978.

Yippies organized marijuana "smoke-ins" across North America through the 1970s and into the 1980s. The first YIP smoke-in was attended by 25,000 in Washington, D.C. on July 4, 1970. There was a culture clash when many of the hippie protesters strolled en masse into the nearby "Honor America Day" festivities with Billy Graham and Bob Hope.

On August 7, 1971, a Yippie smoke-in in Vancouver was attacked by police, resulting in the Gastown Riot, one of the most famous protests in Canadian history.

The annual July 4 Yippie smoke-in in Washington, D.C., became a counterculture tradition.

Yippie banner displayed at Washington, D.C. Smoke-In, July 4, 1977.
Yippie van makes a few passes by the July 4th Smoke-In, Lafayette Park, Washington, D.C., 1977.

Alternative culture

Yippies organized alternative institutions in their counterculture communities. In Tucson, Yippies operated a free store; in Vancouver, Yippies established the People's Defense Fund to provide legal help for the often-harassed hippie community; in Milwaukee, Yippies helped launch the city's first food co-op.

Many Yippies were involved in the underground press. Some were the editors of major underground newspapers or alternative magazines, including Yippies Abe Peck (Chicago Seed), Jeff Shero Nightbyrd (New York's Rat and Austin Sun), Paul Krassner (The Realist), Robin Morgan (Ms. magazine), Steve Conliff (Purple Berries, Sour Grapes and Columbus Free Press), Bob Mercer (The Georgia Straight and Yellow Journal), Henry Weissborn (ULTRA), James Retherford (The Rag), Mayer Vishner (LA Weekly), Matthew Landy Steen and Stew Albert (Berkeley Barb and Berkeley Tribe), Tom Forcade (Underground Press Syndicate and High Times) and Gabrielle Schang (Alternative Media). New York Yippie Coca Crystal hosted the popular cable TV program If I Can't Dance You Can Keep Your Revolution.

Yippies were active in alternative music and movies. Singer-songwriters Phil Ochs and David Peel were Yippies. "I helped design the party, formulate the idea of what Yippie was going to be, in the early part of 1968," Ochs testified at the Chicago Eight trial.

The strange, legendary cult film Medicine Ball Caravan (partly financed by Tom Forcade), chronicled Yippie drop-outs and a variety of other fascinating and dynamic characters of the era. The movie title was later controversially changed to "We Have Come for your Daughters".

Radical musicians usually found enthusiastic audiences at Yippie-sponsored events and frequently offered to play. YIP-affiliated John Sinclair managed Detroit's proto-punk band the MC5, who played in Lincoln Park during protests at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. In 1970, Pete Seeger played a Vancouver Yippie rally against construction of a highway through Jericho Beach Park. The first-ever concert by the influential and iconic proto-punk band the New York Dolls, was a Yippie benefit to raise funds to pay legal fees for one of Dana Beal's marijuana arrests in the 1970s.

The Youth International Party founded the US branch of the Rock Against Racism movement in 1979. Rock Against Racism USA later morphed into the critically acclaimed, Yippie-organized, widely recognized national Rock Against Reagan tour in 1983. Well-known bands on the tour included Michelle Shocked, the Dead Kennedys, the Crucifucks, MDC, Cause for Alarm, Toxic Reasons and Static Disruptors. A young Whoopi Goldberg performed stand-up comedy (as did Will Durst) at the San Francisco R-A-R show.

Leaflet advertising Yippie-sponsored Rock Against Racism concert in Lincoln Park, Chicago, June 9, 1979

Vancouver Yippies Ken Lester and David Spaner were the managers of Canada's two most notorious political punk bands, D.O.A. (Lester) and The Subhumans (Spaner). New York Yippie/High Times publisher Tom Forcade financed one of the first movies about punk rock, D.O.A., featuring footage of the Sex Pistols' 1978 tour of America.

Infamous Baltimore Yippie John Waters became a renowned independent filmmaker (Pink Flamingos, Polyester, Hairspray), once claiming in an interview that the Yippies influenced his irreverent sense of style: "I was a Yippie agitator, and I wanted to look like Little Richard. I dressed like a hippie pimp back then, because punk wasn't around yet."

Pranking the system

Yippies mocked the system and its authority. The Youth International Party, having nominated a pig (Pigasus) for US president in 1968, famously ran Nobody for President as its 'official' candidate in 1976.

Vancouver Yippie Betty "Zaria" Andrew ran as the Youth International Party's candidate for mayor in 1970. One of her campaign promises was to repeal every law, including the law of gravity so that everyone could get high. That same year, Berkeley Yippie Stew Albert ran for sheriff of Alameda County, challenging the incumbent sheriff to a high-noon duel and receiving 65,000 votes.

In 1970, Detroit Yippies went to city hall and applied for a permit to blow up the General Motors building. After the permit was denied, the Yippies said that it just goes to show you can't work within the system to change the system. "This destroys my last hope for legal channels," said Detroit Yippie Jumpin' Jack Flash.

Some Yippies, including Robin Morgan, Nancy Kurshan, Sharon Krebs and Judy Gumbo, were active in the Guerilla theatre feminist group W.I.T.C.H. (Women's International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell), which combined "theatricality, humor, and activism."

On November 7, 1970, Jerry Rubin and London Yippies took over The Frost Programme when he was the guest on the popular British host's TV program. In all the chaos, a Yippie fired a water pistol into host David Frost's open mouth, the broadcaster called for a commercial break and the show was over. The Daily Mirror's banner headline: "THE FROST FREAKOUT."

Pie-throwing

Pie-throwing as a political act was invented by Yippies. The first political pie throwing was carried out in Bloomington, Indiana, October 14, 1969, when Jim Retherford, former underground newspaper editor and ghost writer of Jerry Rubin's Do It!, landed a cream pie in the face of former UC Berkeley president Clark Kerr. Retherford was also the first to be arrested. The next pie was thrown by Tom Forcade, who nailed a member of the President's Commission on Obscenity and Pornography in 1970. Columbus Yippie Steve Conliff pied Ohio Governor James Rhodes in 1977 to protest the Kent State shootings.

Aron "The Pieman" Kay became the best-known Yippie pie-thrower. Kay's many targets included Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, New York City Mayor Abe Beame, conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly, Watergate burglar Frank Sturgis, ex-CIA head William Colby, National Review publisher/editor William F. Buckley, and the owner of disco Studio 54, Steve Rubell.

Nobody for President and "None of the Above"

Perhaps one of the swan songs of Yippies was a groundbreaking effort to place a new voting option, None of the Above, on the election ballot in Santa Barbara County, in California, by the Isla Vista Municipal Advisory Council in 1976. This represented an incipient libertarian impulse of Yippies and the first example in the United States of this election ballot alternative, in what one of the resolution's two co-sponsors, Matthew Steen, described as an "anti-institutional Yippie up-yours." Years earlier Steen had been a Yippie activist with Stew Albert, as a reporter with the Berkeley Tribe. This novel motion was adopted unanimously by the council, having a ripple effect across the country, with voters in Nevada approving this option in a change to state election laws in 1986. And in 2000 a citizen initiative to place None of the Above on the official state ballot in California was qualified although the proposition was voted down 62% to 38% in the general election that year. The most recent addition, internationally, are for state elections in India where this option must be made available in electronic voting machines.

In 1976, national Yippies took a cue from Isla Vistans, backing Nobody for President, a campaign that took on a life of its own in the post-Watergate malaise of the mid-70s. The Yippie campaign slogan: "Nobody's perfect." (Meanwhile, in a strange twist of Yippie fate, Matthew Steen had become treasurer of a student-led campaign to elect Jerry Brown for president, competing against both "Nobody for President" and Jimmy Carter during the presidential primary campaign of that year.)

From the experimental combination of Isla Vista local politics, presidential campaigns and the Yippies, the name and spirit of this unexpected ballot initiative spread quickly—in the form of None of the Above music festivals, radio and television shows, rock bands, T-shirts, buttons, (decades later) countless websites and other related social phenomena. The die-hard dedication to the 'option' of Nobody for President and None of the Above has not abated since the counter-cultural 70s, but has only grown, unexpectedly taking the Yippie legacy into a new century and succeeding generations.

Banner at Halloween Yippie Smoke-In, Columbus, Ohio, 1978

"An exegesis on women's liberation" by the Women's Caucus within the Youth International Party was included in the 1970 anthology Sisterhood is Powerful: An Anthology of Writings From The Women's Liberation Movement, edited by Robin Morgan.

In June 1971 Abbie Hoffman and Al Bell started the pioneer phreak magazine The Youth International Party Line (YIPL). Later, the name was changed to TAP for Technological American Party or Technological Assistance Program.

Milwaukee Yippies published Street Sheet, the first of the anarchist zines later to become so popular in many cities. The Open Road, an internationally known journal of the anti-authoritarian left, was founded by a core of Vancouver Yippies.

The semi-official Yippie house organ, The Yipster Times, was founded by Dana Beal in 1972 and published in New York City; the name was changed to Overthrow in 1979.

The mercurial Yippie-turned-Zippie Tom Forcade founded the very-successful High Times magazine in 1974. So many writers for Yipster Times would go on to write for High Times, it was often referred to as the farm team.

The most famous writing to come out of the Yippie movement is Abbie Hoffman's Steal This Book, which is considered to be a guidebook in causing general mischief and capturing the spirit of the Yippie movement. Hoffman is also the author of Revolution for the Hell of It which has been called the original Yippie book. This book claims that there were no actual yippies, and that the name was just a term used to create a myth.

Jerry Rubin published his account of the Yippie movement in his book Do IT!: Scenarios of Revolution.

Books on Yippie by Yippies include Woodstock Nation and Soon to Be a Major Motion Picture (Abbie Hoffman), We Are Everywhere (Jerry Rubin), Trashing (Anita Hoffman), Who the Hell is Stew Albert? (Stew Albert), Confessions of a Raving, Unconfined Nut (Paul Krassner) and Shards of God: A Novel of the Yippies (Ed Sanders). Some other books about that era: Woodstock Census: The Nationwide Survey of the Sixties Generation (Deanne Stillman and Rex Weiner), The Panama Hat Trail (Tom Miller),Can't Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000 (Martin Torgoff), Groove Tube: Sixties Television and the Youth Rebellion (Aniko Bodroghkozy), and The Ballad of Ken and Emily: or, Tales from the Counterculture (Ken Wachsberger).

Buy This Book, written and illustrated by political cartoonist and post-'60s Yippie activist Pete Wagner, who distributed copies of the Yipster Times on the University of Minnesota campus in the mid-1970s, was promoted by Hoffman, who said the book "manages to reach to the limits of bad taste." Buy This Too recounts efforts by a guerrilla street theater gang named the 1985 Brain Trust to "fight the New Right with Yippie-like myth-making tactics." The Brain Trust was inspired by a series of meetings and interviews between Wagner and Paul Krassner in Minneapolis during May 1981, as Krassner performed stand-up comedy at Dudley Riggs ETC Theater.

In 1983, a group of Yippies published Blacklisted News: Secret Histories from Chicago '68, to 1984 (Bleecker Publishing), a large, 'phone-book sized anthology' (733 pages) of Yippie history, including journalistic accounts from both alternative and mainstream media, as well as many personal stories and essays. Includes countless photographs, old leaflets and posters, 'underground' comics, newspaper clippings, and various other historical ephemera. The editors (often doubling as authors) officially called themselves "The New Yippie Book Collective"; which included Steve Conliff (who wrote over half the volume), Dana Beal (head archivist), Grace Nichols, Daisy Deadhead, Ben Masel, Alice Torbush, Karen Wachsman, and Aron Kay. It is still in print.

Vancouver Yippie Bob Sarti's play Yippies in Love, premiered in June 2011.

In 1989, Abbie Hoffman, who had been suffering intermittent bouts of depression, committed suicide with alcohol and about 150 phenobarbital pills. By contrast, Jerry Rubin became a fast-talking (and by all accounts, fairly successful) stockbroker and showed no regrets. In 1994 he was fatally injured by a car while jaywalking. By the age of 50, Rubin had broken with many of his previous countercultural views; he was interviewed by The New York Times, which described him as a "yippie-turned-conspicuous-yuppie." In the interview, he stated that "Until me, nobody had really taken off their clothes and screamed out loud, 'It's O.K. to make money!'"

In 2000, a Hollywood film based on the life of Abbie Hoffman, titled Steal This Movie (spoofing the title of his book, Steal This Book), was released to mixed reviews, with Vincent D'Onofrio in the title role. Noted film critic Roger Ebert gave the movie a positive review, remarking that although it is often difficult to credibly bring historic events to life, he believed the movie succeeded:

Abbie Hoffman is seen wearing an American flag shirt and getting in trouble for desecrating it; the movie cuts to footage of Roy Rogers and Dale Evans yodeling while wearing their flag shirts. Hoffman insisted that the flag represented all Americans, including those opposed to the war; he resisted efforts of the Right to annex it as their exclusive ideological banner.

Vincent D'Onofrio has an interesting task, playing the role, since Hoffman seems on autopilot much of the time. He is charismatic and has an instinctive grasp of the dramatic gesture, but can be infuriating on a one-to-one level ...

The Yippies continued as a small movement into the early 2000s. The New York chapter was known for their annual marches for decades in New York City to legalize marijuana; NYC Yippie Dana Beal started the Global Marijuana March in 1999. Beal also continued to crusade for the use of Ibogaine to treat heroin addicts. Another Yippie, A.J. Weberman, continued the deconstruction of the poetry of Bob Dylan and speculation about tramps on the Grassy Knoll through various websites. Weberman has for a long time been active in the Jewish Defense Organization.

Throughout this decade, NYC Yippies frequently joined in local anti-gentrification protests over the continuing transformation of New York's Lower East Side.

In 2008, there was a very public feud between A.J. Weberman and fellow founding-Yippie, popular New York radio host Bob Fass of WBAI. The incidents around this feud briefly brought increased local attention to Yippies, particularly since this occurred around the same time a new PBS movie about the Chicago riots was getting widespread national attention. The film featured Hank Azaria as Abbie Hoffman and Mark Ruffalo as Jerry Rubin, touching off a new generation's interest, since both are now deceased.

In 2004, the Yippies, along with the National AIDS Brigade, purchased the long-time Yippie "headquarters" (which had initially been acquired by squatting) at 9 Bleecker Street in New York City for $1.2 million. After official purchase, it was converted into the "Yippie Museum/Café and Gift Shop", housing a multitude of counter-cultural and leftist memorabilia from all over the world, as well as providing an independently operated café that featured live music on scheduled nights. The cafe closed in summer 2011 and reopened in December the same year with a renovated basement. The museum was chartered by the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York.

According to the original curator's message, the museum was founded "to preserve the history of the Youth International Party and all of its offshoots." The Board of Directors: Dana Beal, Aron Kay, David Peel, William Propp, Paul DeRienzo, and A. J. Weberman.

George Martinez was a semi-frequent speaker at the Yippies' Open-Mic, known as "Occupational Hazards/The People's Soapbox."

In Summer 2013, The Yippie Cafe officially closed. At the beginning of 2014, the Yippie building (Museum) at #9 Bleecker was sold, closed and permanently cleaned out; most of the memorabilia and historic materials dispersed among the remaining New York Yippies.

As of 2017, the old Yippie building at #9 Bleecker had been totally transformed into a successful Bowery-area Boxing club called "Overthrow", deliberately and artfully retaining much of its original Yippie/60s-revolutionary decor. Tourists still drop by to see it.

In 2020, Netflix released the film The Trial of the Chicago 7, directed by Aaron Sorkin, which featured depictions of Yippie members Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin. The film received mostly positive reviews and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.

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Youth International Party
Youth International Party Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Yippie Yippie redirects here For other uses see Yippie disambiguation Not to be confused with Yuppie or Hippie The Youth International Party YIP whose members were commonly called Yippies was an American youth oriented radical and countercultural revolutionary offshoot of the free speech and anti war movements of the late 1960s It was founded on December 31 1967 1 2 They employed theatrical gestures to mock the social status quo such as advancing a pig Pigasus the Immortal as a candidate for president of the United States in 1968 3 They have been described as a highly theatrical anti authoritarian and anarchist youth movement of symbolic politics 4 5 Youth International PartyLeaderNone Pigasus used as a symbolic leader FoundedDecember 31 1967 1967 12 31 as Yippies HeadquartersNew York CityNewspaperThe Yipster Times Youth International Party Line OverthrowIdeologyUnofficial Libertarian socialism Anarcho communism Green anarchism Free lovePolitical positionPost left unofficial ColorsBlack green redParty flagWebsiteyouthinternationalparty wbr orgPolitics of United StatesPolitical partiesElections Since they were well known for street theatre and politically themed pranks they were either ignored or denounced by many of the old school political left According to ABC News The group was known for street theater pranks and was once referred to as the Groucho Marxists 6 Contents 1 Background 1 1 Origins 1 2 First press conference 2 The New Nation concept 3 Culture and activism 3 1 Early Yippie actions 3 2 House Un American Activities Committee 4 Chicago 68 4 1 The conspiracy trial 5 The Yippie movement 5 1 Street protests 5 2 Smoke ins 5 3 Alternative culture 5 4 Pranking the system 5 5 Pie throwing 5 6 Nobody for President and None of the Above 6 Writings 7 Later years 8 Yippie museum and cafe 9 The Trial of the Chicago 7 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksBackground EditThe Yippies had no formal membership or hierarchy It was founded by Abbie and Anita Hoffman Jerry Rubin Nancy Kurshan and Paul Krassner at a meeting in the Hoffmans New York apartment on December 31 1967 7 According to his own account Krassner coined the name If the press had created hippie could not we five hatch the yippie Abbie Hoffman wrote 4 8 Other activists associated with the Yippies include Stew Albert Judy Gumbo 9 Ed Sanders 10 Robin Morgan 11 Phil Ochs Robert M Ockene William Kunstler Jonah Raskin Steve Conliff Jerome Washington 12 John Sinclair Jim Retherford 13 14 Dana Beal 15 16 Betty Zaria Andrew 17 18 Joanee Freedom Danny Boyle 19 Ben Masel 20 21 Tom Forcade 22 23 Paul Watson 24 David Peel 25 Wavy Gravy Aron Kay 26 27 Tuli Kupferberg 28 Jill Johnston 29 Daisy Deadhead 30 31 Leatrice Urbanowicz 32 33 Bob Fass 34 35 Mayer Vishner 36 37 Alice Torbush 38 39 Judy Lampe Walli Leff 40 Patrick K Kroupa Steve DeAngelo 41 Dean Tuckerman 38 Dennis Peron 42 Jim Fouratt 43 John Penley 44 Pete Wagner and Brenton Lengel 45 46 A Yippie flag was often seen at anti war demonstrations The flag had a black background with a five pointed red star in the center and a green cannabis leaf superimposed over it When asked about the Yippie flag an anonymous Yippie identified only as Jung told The New York Times that The black is for anarchy The red star is for our five point program And the leaf is for marijuana which is for getting ecologically stoned without polluting the environment 47 This flag is also mentioned in Hoffman s Steal This Book 48 Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin became the most famous Yippies and bestselling authors in part due to publicity surrounding the five month Chicago Seven Conspiracy trial of 1969 They both used the phrase ideology is a brain disease to separate the Yippies from mainstream political parties that played the game by the rules Hoffman and Rubin were arguably the most colorful of the seven defendants accused of criminal conspiracy and inciting to riot at the August 1968 Democratic National Convention Hoffman and Rubin used the trial as a platform for Yippie antics at one point they showed up in court attired in judicial robes 49 Origins Edit YIP poster advertising the 1968 Festival of Life The term Yippie was invented by Krassner as well Abbie and Anita Hoffman on New Year s Eve 1967 Paul Krassner wrote in a January 2007 article in the Los Angeles Times We needed a name to signify the radicalization of hippies and I came up with Yippie as a label for a phenomenon that already existed an organic coalition of psychedelic hippies and political activists In the process of cross fertilization at antiwar demonstrations we had come to share an awareness that there was a linear connection between putting kids in prison for smoking pot in this country and burning them to death with napalm on the other side of the planet 50 Anita Hoffman liked the word but felt that The New York Times and other strait laced types needed a more formal name to take the movement seriously That same night she came up with Youth International Party because it symbolized the movement and made for a good play on words 51 Along with the name Youth International Party the organization was also simply called Yippie as in a shout for joy with an exclamation mark to express exhilaration 52 What does Yippie mean Abbie Hoffman wrote Energy fun fierceness exclamation point 53 First press conference Edit The Yippies held their first press conference in New York at the Americana Hotel March 17 1968 five months before the August 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago Judy Collins sang at the press conference 1 54 55 The Chicago Sun Times reported it with an article titled Yipes The Yippies Are Coming 50 The New Nation concept EditThe Yippie New Nation concept called for the creation of alternative counterculture institutions food co ops underground newspapers and zines free clinics and support groups artist collectives potlatches swap meets and free stores organic farming permaculture pirate radio bootleg recording and public access television Squatting free schools etc Yippies believed these cooperative institutions and a radicalized hippie culture would spread until they supplanted the existing system Many of these ideas practices came from other overlapping and intermingling counter cultural groups such as the Diggers 56 57 the San Francisco Mime Troupe the Merry Pranksters Deadheads 58 59 60 the Hog Farm 61 the Rainbow Family 62 the Esalen Institute 63 the Peace and Freedom Party the White Panther Party and The Farm There was much overlap social interaction and cross pollination within these groups and the Yippies so there was much crossover membership 64 as well as similar influences and intentions 65 66 We are a people We are a new nation YIP s New Nation Statement said of the burgeoning hippie movement We want everyone to control their own life and to care for one another We cannot tolerate attitudes institutions and machines whose purpose is the destruction of life the accumulation of profit 67 The goal was a decentralized collective anarchistic nation rooted in the borderless hippie counterculture and its communal ethos Abbie Hoffman wrote We shall not defeat Amerika by organizing a political party We shall do it by building a new nation a nation as rugged as the marijuana leaf 68 69 The flag for the new nation consisted of a black background with a red five pointed star in the center and a green marijuana leaf superimposed over it same as the YIP flag 70 The Chicago History Museum shows a different flag for the new nation 71 It is not the marijuana leaf It has the word NOW under what looks like the all seeing eye on a pyramid seen on the back of a dollar bill Culture and activism EditSee also Counterculture of the 1960s The Yippies often paid tribute to rock n roll and irreverent pop culture figures such as the Marx Brothers James Dean and Lenny Bruce Many Yippies used nicknames which contained Baby Boomer television or pop references such as Pogo or Gumby Pogo was notable for creating the famous slogan We have met the enemy and he is us first used on a 1970 Earth Day poster The Yippies love of pop culture was one way to differentiate the Old and New Left as Jesse Walker writes in Reason magazine Forty years ago the yippies seemed unusual because they fused the political radicalism of the New Left with the long haired grass smoking lifestyle of the counterculture Today that combination is so familiar that many people don t even realize that the protesters and the hippies initially distrusted each other What seems most curious about the yippies today is the way they mixed hard left politics with a deep appreciation for pop culture Abbie Hoffman announced that he wanted to combine the styles of Andy Warhol and Fidel Castro Jerry Rubin dedicated Do it not just to his girlfriend but to Dope Color TV and Violent Revolution Even when praising a form of mass culture that had earned some grudging respect from the late 60s left rock n roll Rubin s list of musicians who gave us the life beat and set us free included not just raucous originals like Jerry Lee Lewis and Bo Diddley but Fabian and Frankie Avalon commercial confections that most lefty rock intellectuals disdained as insufficiently authentic In one chapter Rubin complained that if the white ideological left took over Rock dancing would be taboo and miniskirts Hollywood movies and comic books would be illegal All this from a self proclaimed communist whose heroes included Castro Chairman Mao and Ho Chi Minh It s not that the yippies swallowed pop culture uncritically Hoffman kept a sign attached to the bottom of his TV that said bullshit It s that they saw the mass media s dream world as another terrain to fight in 72 At demonstrations and parades Yippies often wore face paint or colorful bandannas to keep from being identified in photographs Other Yippies reveled in the spotlight allowing their stealthier comrades the anonymity they needed for their pranks 73 74 75 One cultural intervention that misfired was at Woodstock with Abbie Hoffman interrupting a performance by The Who trying to speak against the incarceration of John Sinclair sentenced to 10 years in prison in 1969 after giving two joints to an undercover narcotics officer Guitarist Pete Townshend used his guitar to bat Hoffman off the stage 76 The Yippies were the first on the New Left to make a point of exploiting mass media 77 Colorful theatrical Yippie actions were tailored to attract media coverage and also to provide a stage where people could express the repressed Yippie inside them 78 We believe every nonyippie is a repressed yippie Jerry Rubin wrote in Do it We try to bring out the yippie in everybody 78 Early Yippie actions Edit A Yippie button on display at the Chicago History Museum Yippies were famous for their sense of humor 79 Many direct actions were often satirical and elaborate pranks or put ons 80 An application to levitate The Pentagon 81 82 during the October 1967 March on the Pentagon and a mass protest mock levitation at the building organized by Rubin Hoffman and company at the event helped to set the tone for Yippie when it was established a couple of months later 83 Another famous prank just before the term Yippie was coined was a guerrilla theater event in New York City on August 24 1967 Abbie Hoffman and a group of future Yippies managed to get into a tour of the New York Stock Exchange where they threw fistfuls of real and fake US from the balcony of the visitors gallery down to the traders below some of whom booed while others began to scramble frantically to grab the money as fast as they could 84 The visitors gallery was closed until a glass barrier could be installed to prevent similar incidents On the 40th anniversary of the NYSE event CNN Money editor James Ledbetter described the now famous incident The group of pranksters began throwing handfuls of one dollar bills over the railing laughing the entire time The exact number of bills is a matter of dispute Hoffman later wrote that it was 300 while others said no more than 30 or 40 were thrown Some of the brokers clerks and stock runners below laughed and waved others jeered angrily and shook their fists The bills barely had time to land on the ground before guards began removing the group from the building but news photos had been taken and the Stock Exchange happening quickly slid into iconic status Once outside the activists formed a circle holding hands and chanting Free Free At one point Hoffman stood in the center of the circle and lit the edge of a 5 bill while grinning madly but an NYSE runner grabbed it from him stamped on it and said You re disgusting If the prank accomplished nothing else it helped cement Hoffman s reputation as one of America s most outlandish and creative protestors the Yippie movement quickly became a prominent part of America s counterculture 85 There was a clash with police on March 22 1968 where a large group of countercultural youths led by the Yippies descended into Grand Central Station for a Yip In 86 87 The night erupted into a violent clash with police that Don McNeill of The Village Voice called a pointless confrontation in a box canyon 88 89 A month later Yippies organized a Yip Out a be in style event in Central Park that went off peacefully and drew 20 000 people 90 In his book A Trumpet to Arms Alternative Media in America author David Armstrong points out that the Yippie hybrid of performance art Guerilla theatre and political irreverence was often in direct conflict with the sensibility of the 60s American Left peace movement The Yippies unorthodox approach to revolution which emphasized spontaneity over structure and media blitz over community organizing put them almost as much at odds with the rest of the left as with mainstream culture Wrote Jerry Rubin in the Berkeley Barb The worst thing you can say about a demonstration is that it is boring and one of the reasons that the peace movement has not grown into a mass movement is that the peace movement its literature and its events is a bore Good theatre is needed to communicate revolutionary content 91 House Un American Activities Committee Edit The House Un American Activities Committee HUAC subpoenaed Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman of the Yippies in 1967 and again in the aftermath of the 1968 Democratic National Convention The Yippies used media attention to make a mockery of the proceedings Rubin came to one session dressed as an American Revolutionary War soldier and passed out copies of the United States Declaration of Independence to people in attendance Then Rubin blew giant gum bubbles while his co witnesses taunted the committee with Nazi salutes citation needed Rubin also attended HUAC dressed as Santa Claus and a Viet Cong soldier On another occasion police stopped Hoffman at the building entrance and arrested him for wearing an American flag Hoffman quipped for the press I regret that I have but one shirt to give for my country paraphrasing the last words of revolutionary patriot Nathan Hale meanwhile Rubin who was wearing a matching Viet Cong flag shouted that the police were Communists for not arresting him also 92 According to The Harvard Crimson In the fifties the most effective sanction was terror Almost any publicity from HUAC meant the blacklist Without a chance to clear his name a witness would suddenly find himself without friends and without a job But it is not easy to see how in 1969 a HUAC blacklist could terrorize an SDS activist Witnesses like Jerry Rubin have openly boasted of their contempt for American institutions A subpoena from HUAC would be unlikely to scandalize Abbie Hoffman or his friends 93 Chicago 68 EditSee also 1968 Democratic National Convention protest activity Play media Anti war demonstrators in Lincoln Park Chicago attending a Yippie organized event approximately five miles north of the convention center The band MC5 can be seen playing Yippie theatrics culminated at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago YIP planned a six day Festival of Life a celebration of the counterculture and a protest against the state of the nation 94 This was supposed to counter the Convention of Death This promised to be the blending of pot and politics into a political grass leaves movement a cross fertilization of the hippie and New Left philosophies 95 Yippies sensational statements before the convention were part of the theatrics including a tongue in cheek threat to put LSD in Chicago s water supply We will fuck on the beaches We demand the Politics of Ecstasy Abandon the Creeping Meatball And all the time Yippie Chicago August 25 30 First on a list of Yippie demands An immediate end to the war in Vietnam 96 97 Yippie organizers hoped that well known musicians would participate in the Festival of Life and draw a crowd of tens if not hundreds of thousands from across the country The city of Chicago refused to issue any permits for the festival and most musicians withdrew from the project Of the rock bands who had agreed to perform only the MC5 came to Chicago to play and their set was cut short by a clash between the audience of a couple thousand and police Phil Ochs and several other singer songwriters also performed during the festival 98 In response to the Festival of Life and other anti war demonstrations during the Democratic convention Chicago police repeatedly clashed with protesters as many millions of viewers watched the extensive TV coverage of the events On the evening of August 28 the police attacked the protesters in front of the Conrad Hilton hotel as the demonstrators chanted The whole world is watching 99 This was a police riot concluded the US National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence 100 stating On the part of the police there was enough wild club swinging enough cries of hatred enough gratuitous beating to make the conclusion inescapable that individual policemen and lots of them committed violent acts far in excess of the requisite force for crowd dispersal or arrest 100 The conspiracy trial Edit See also Chicago Seven Following the convention eight protesters were charged with conspiracy to incite the riots Their trial which lasted five months was heavily publicized The Chicago Seven represented a cross section of the New Left including Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin 101 102 103 In his book American Fun Four Centuries of Joyous Revolt John Beckman writes Never mind Hair the so called Chicago Eight then Seven trial was the countercultural performance of the sixties Guerrilla theater stared down courtroom farce to decide the civil dispute of the era the Movement vs the Establishment The eight defendants seemed finically chosen to represent the world of dissent SDS leaders Rennie Davis and Tom Hayden who had authored The Port Huron Statement graduate students Lee Weiner and John Froines portly fifty four year old Christian socialist David Dellinger Yippies Rubin and Hoffman and briefly Black Panther Bobby Seale Conspire hell Hoffman quipped We couldn t agree on lunch 104 Several other Yippies including Stew Albert Wolfe Lowenthal Brad Fox and Robin Palmer were among another 18 activists named as unindicted co conspirators in the case 105 While five of the defendants were initially convicted of crossing state lines to incite a riot all convictions were soon reversed in appeal court Defendants Hoffman and Rubin became popular authors and public speakers spreading Yippie militancy and comedy wherever they appeared When Hoffman appeared on The Merv Griffin Show for example he wore a shirt with an American flag design prompting CBS to black out his image when the show aired 106 The Yippie movement EditThe Youth International Party quickly spread beyond Rubin Hoffman and the other founders YIP had chapters all over the US and in other countries with particularly active groups in New York City Vancouver Washington D C Detroit Milwaukee Los Angeles Tucson Houston Austin Columbus Dayton Chicago Berkeley San Francisco and Madison 107 There were YIP conferences through the 1970s beginning with a New Nation Conference in Madison Wisconsin in 1971 108 On the final day of the Madison conference April 4 1971 hundreds of riot police broke up a block party organized by local Yippies to cap the event resulting in a street clash between Yippies and police 109 Street protests Edit During an anti war protest in Washington D C on November 15 1969 East Coast Yippies led thousands of youths in the storming of the Justice Department building 110 On August 6 1970 L A Yippies invaded Disneyland hoisting the New Nation flag at City Hall and taking over Tom Sawyer s Island While riot police confronted the Yippies the theme park was closed early for only the second time in the park s history the first being shortly after the assassination of President Kennedy 111 As many as 23 of the 200 Yippies attending were arrested 112 Vancouver Yippies invaded the US border town of Blaine Washington on May 9 1970 to protest Richard Nixon s invasion of Cambodia and the shooting of students at Kent State 113 Columbus Yippies were charged with inciting the rioting that occurred in the city on May 11 1972 in response to Nixon s mining of North Vietnam s Haiphong harbor 114 They were acquitted YIP was a member of the coalition of anti Vietnam War activists 97 who over several days in early May 1971 tried to shut down the US government by occupying intersections and bridges in Washington D C The May Day protests resulted in the largest mass arrest in American history 115 116 A frequent national complaint among Yippies was that the New York central HQ chapter acted as if other chapters did not exist and kept them out of the decision making process At one point at a YIP conference in Ohio in 1972 Yippies voted to exclude Abbie and Jerry as official spokespersons from the party since they had become too famous and rich 117 In 1972 Yippies and Zippies a younger YIP radical breakaway faction whose guiding spirit was Tom Forcade 118 119 120 staged protests at the Republican and Democratic Conventions in Miami Beach 15 121 122 Some of the Miami protests were larger and more militant than the ones in Chicago in 1968 After Miami the Zippies evolved back into Yippies 123 Poster advertising Yippie sponsored Pittsburgh Smoke In Schenley Park July 2 1977 In 1973 Yippies marched on the Manhattan home of Watergate conspirator John Mitchell five hundred die hard Yippies staged one last march on the Mitchell home no longer the Watergate but a grand apartment building on Manhattan s Fifth Avenue Free Martha Mitchell they chanted Fuck John When the Mitchells finally appeared at the window to see what all the commotion was about the stoners cherished their last eye to eyeball confrontation with Mr Law n Order To commemorate the moment they placed a giant marijuana joint on the Mitchells doorstep 124 Yippies regularly protested at US presidential inaugurations 125 126 127 with a particularly strong presence at the 1973 inauguration of Richard Nixon 125 Yippies also demonstrated at the 1980 Republican National Convention in Detroit 31 128 as well as the subsequent 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas 129 130 where 99 Yippies were arrested DALLAS Aug 22 Ninety nine demonstrators were arrested today outside the Republican National Convention after a Corporate War Chest Tour through the downtown area in which they intimidated shoppers splattered paint and burned an American flag The demonstrators members of the Youth International Party or Yippies completed the spree through downtown by jumping into the reflecting pool at City Hall in the sweltering Dallas heat 131 Smoke ins Edit Poster advertising Yippie sponsored Smoke In at Ohio State University April 29 1978 Yippies organized marijuana smoke ins across North America through the 1970s and into the 1980s The first YIP smoke in was attended by 25 000 in Washington D C on July 4 1970 16 132 There was a culture clash when many of the hippie protesters strolled en masse into the nearby Honor America Day festivities with Billy Graham and Bob Hope 133 On August 7 1971 a Yippie smoke in in Vancouver was attacked by police resulting in the Gastown Riot one of the most famous protests in Canadian history 134 The annual July 4 Yippie smoke in in Washington D C became a counterculture tradition 41 135 136 137 Yippie banner displayed at Washington D C Smoke In July 4 1977 Yippie van makes a few passes by the July 4th Smoke In Lafayette Park Washington D C 1977 Alternative culture Edit Yippies organized alternative institutions in their counterculture communities In Tucson Yippies operated a free store 138 in Vancouver Yippies established the People s Defense Fund to provide legal help for the often harassed hippie community in Milwaukee Yippies helped launch the city s first food co op 139 Many Yippies were involved in the underground press Some were the editors of major underground newspapers or alternative magazines including Yippies Abe Peck Chicago Seed 140 Jeff Shero Nightbyrd New York s Rat and Austin Sun 141 Paul Krassner The Realist 1 142 Robin Morgan Ms magazine 143 Steve Conliff Purple Berries Sour Grapes 144 and Columbus Free Press 145 Bob Mercer The Georgia Straight and Yellow Journal 146 Henry Weissborn ULTRA 147 James Retherford The Rag Mayer Vishner LA Weekly 36 148 149 Matthew Landy Steen and Stew Albert Berkeley Barb and Berkeley Tribe 150 151 Tom Forcade Underground Press Syndicate and High Times 152 and Gabrielle Schang Alternative Media 153 New York Yippie Coca Crystal hosted the popular cable TV program If I Can t Dance You Can Keep Your Revolution 154 Yippies were active in alternative music and movies Singer songwriters Phil Ochs and David Peel were Yippies I helped design the party formulate the idea of what Yippie was going to be in the early part of 1968 Ochs testified at the Chicago Eight trial 155 The strange legendary cult film Medicine Ball Caravan partly financed by Tom Forcade 156 chronicled Yippie drop outs and a variety of other fascinating and dynamic characters of the era 157 158 The movie title was later controversially changed to We Have Come for your Daughters 159 Radical musicians usually found enthusiastic audiences at Yippie sponsored events and frequently offered to play YIP affiliated John Sinclair managed Detroit s proto punk band the MC5 160 161 162 who played in Lincoln Park during protests at the 1968 Democratic National Convention In 1970 Pete Seeger played a Vancouver Yippie rally against construction of a highway through Jericho Beach Park 163 The first ever concert by the influential and iconic proto punk band the New York Dolls was a Yippie benefit to raise funds to pay legal fees for one of Dana Beal s marijuana arrests in the 1970s 164 The Youth International Party founded the US branch of the Rock Against Racism movement in 1979 165 166 167 168 169 170 Rock Against Racism USA later morphed into the critically acclaimed Yippie organized widely recognized national Rock Against Reagan tour in 1983 171 172 173 Well known bands on the tour included Michelle Shocked 174 the Dead Kennedys 175 the Crucifucks MDC 176 Cause for Alarm Toxic Reasons and Static Disruptors 177 178 A young Whoopi Goldberg performed stand up comedy as did Will Durst at the San Francisco R A R show 179 Leaflet advertising Yippie sponsored Rock Against Racism concert in Lincoln Park Chicago June 9 1979 Vancouver Yippies Ken Lester and David Spaner were the managers of Canada s two most notorious political punk bands D O A Lester and The Subhumans Spaner 180 181 182 New York Yippie High Times publisher Tom Forcade financed one of the first movies about punk rock D O A featuring footage of the Sex Pistols 1978 tour of America 183 184 185 Infamous Baltimore Yippie John Waters became a renowned independent filmmaker Pink Flamingos Polyester Hairspray once claiming in an interview that the Yippies influenced his irreverent sense of style I was a Yippie agitator and I wanted to look like Little Richard I dressed like a hippie pimp back then because punk wasn t around yet 186 Pranking the system Edit Yippies mocked the system and its authority The Youth International Party having nominated a pig Pigasus for US president in 1968 famously ran Nobody for President as its official candidate in 1976 187 188 189 Vancouver Yippie Betty Zaria Andrew ran as the Youth International Party s candidate for mayor in 1970 18 One of her campaign promises was to repeal every law including the law of gravity so that everyone could get high 17 That same year Berkeley Yippie Stew Albert ran for sheriff of Alameda County challenging the incumbent sheriff to a high noon duel and receiving 65 000 votes 190 In 1970 Detroit Yippies went to city hall and applied for a permit to blow up the General Motors building After the permit was denied the Yippies said that it just goes to show you can t work within the system to change the system This destroys my last hope for legal channels said Detroit Yippie Jumpin Jack Flash 191 Some Yippies including Robin Morgan Nancy Kurshan Sharon Krebs and Judy Gumbo were active in the Guerilla theatre feminist group W I T C H Women s International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell which combined theatricality humor and activism 192 193 On November 7 1970 Jerry Rubin and London Yippies took over The Frost Programme when he was the guest on the popular British host s TV program In all the chaos a Yippie fired a water pistol into host David Frost s open mouth the broadcaster called for a commercial break and the show was over The Daily Mirror s banner headline THE FROST FREAKOUT 194 Pie throwing Edit Pie throwing as a political act was invented by Yippies 195 The first political pie throwing was carried out in Bloomington Indiana October 14 1969 when Jim Retherford former underground newspaper editor and ghost writer of Jerry Rubin s Do It landed a cream pie in the face of former UC Berkeley president Clark Kerr 196 Retherford was also the first to be arrested The next pie was thrown by Tom Forcade who nailed a member of the President s Commission on Obscenity and Pornography in 1970 197 Columbus Yippie Steve Conliff pied Ohio Governor James Rhodes in 1977 to protest the Kent State shootings 198 199 Aron The Pieman Kay became the best known Yippie pie thrower 26 200 Kay s many targets included Sen Daniel Patrick Moynihan 201 New York City Mayor Abe Beame 202 conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly 203 Watergate burglar Frank Sturgis 204 ex CIA head William Colby National Review publisher editor William F Buckley 205 and the owner of disco Studio 54 Steve Rubell 206 Nobody for President and None of the Above Edit See also Nobody for President and None of the Above Perhaps one of the swan songs of Yippies was a groundbreaking effort to place a new voting option None of the Above on the election ballot in Santa Barbara County in California by the Isla Vista Municipal Advisory Council in 1976 This represented an incipient libertarian impulse of Yippies and the first example in the United States of this election ballot alternative in what one of the resolution s two co sponsors Matthew Steen described as an anti institutional Yippie up yours Years earlier Steen had been a Yippie activist with Stew Albert as a reporter with the Berkeley Tribe This novel motion was adopted unanimously by the council having a ripple effect across the country with voters in Nevada approving this option in a change to state election laws in 1986 207 And in 2000 a citizen initiative to place None of the Above on the official state ballot in California was qualified although the proposition was voted down 62 to 38 in the general election that year The most recent addition internationally are for state elections in India where this option must be made available in electronic voting machines 208 209 In 1976 national Yippies took a cue from Isla Vistans backing Nobody for President a campaign that took on a life of its own in the post Watergate malaise of the mid 70s 187 188 189 The Yippie campaign slogan Nobody s perfect 210 Meanwhile in a strange twist of Yippie fate Matthew Steen had become treasurer of a student led campaign to elect Jerry Brown for president competing against both Nobody for President and Jimmy Carter during the presidential primary campaign of that year From the experimental combination of Isla Vista local politics presidential campaigns and the Yippies the name and spirit of this unexpected ballot initiative spread quickly in the form of None of the Above music festivals radio and television shows rock bands T shirts buttons decades later countless websites and other related social phenomena The die hard dedication to the option of Nobody for President and None of the Above has not abated since the counter cultural 70s but has only grown unexpectedly taking the Yippie legacy into a new century and succeeding generations 211 212 Banner at Halloween Yippie Smoke In Columbus Ohio 1978Writings Edit An exegesis on women s liberation by the Women s Caucus within the Youth International Party was included in the 1970 anthology Sisterhood is Powerful An Anthology of Writings From The Women s Liberation Movement edited by Robin Morgan 192 In June 1971 Abbie Hoffman and Al Bell started the pioneer phreak magazine The Youth International Party Line YIPL Later the name was changed to TAP for Technological American Party or Technological Assistance Program 213 Milwaukee Yippies published Street Sheet the first of the anarchist zines later to become so popular in many cities 214 The Open Road an internationally known journal of the anti authoritarian left was founded by a core of Vancouver Yippies 215 216 217 The semi official Yippie house organ The Yipster Times was founded by Dana Beal in 1972 and published in New York City 218 219 the name was changed to Overthrow in 1979 220 The mercurial Yippie turned Zippie Tom Forcade founded the very successful High Times magazine in 1974 221 So many writers for Yipster Times would go on to write for High Times it was often referred to as the farm team 119 The most famous writing to come out of the Yippie movement is Abbie Hoffman s Steal This Book which is considered to be a guidebook in causing general mischief and capturing the spirit of the Yippie movement Hoffman is also the author of Revolution for the Hell of It which has been called the original Yippie book This book claims that there were no actual yippies and that the name was just a term used to create a myth 222 Jerry Rubin published his account of the Yippie movement in his book Do IT Scenarios of Revolution 223 Books on Yippie by Yippies include Woodstock Nation and Soon to Be a Major Motion Picture Abbie Hoffman We Are Everywhere Jerry Rubin Trashing Anita Hoffman Who the Hell is Stew Albert Stew Albert Confessions of a Raving Unconfined Nut Paul Krassner and Shards of God A Novel of the Yippies Ed Sanders 224 Some other books about that era Woodstock Census The Nationwide Survey of the Sixties Generation Deanne Stillman and Rex Weiner 225 The Panama Hat Trail Tom Miller 226 227 Can t Find My Way Home America in the Great Stoned Age 1945 2000 Martin Torgoff 228 Groove Tube Sixties Television and the Youth Rebellion Aniko Bodroghkozy 229 and The Ballad of Ken and Emily or Tales from the Counterculture Ken Wachsberger 107 Buy This Book written and illustrated by political cartoonist and post 60s Yippie activist Pete Wagner 230 who distributed copies of the Yipster Times on the University of Minnesota campus in the mid 1970s was promoted by Hoffman who said the book manages to reach to the limits of bad taste 230 Buy This Too recounts efforts by a guerrilla street theater gang named the 1985 Brain Trust to fight the New Right with Yippie like myth making tactics The Brain Trust was inspired by a series of meetings and interviews between Wagner and Paul Krassner in Minneapolis during May 1981 as Krassner performed stand up comedy at Dudley Riggs ETC Theater 231 In 1983 a group of Yippies published Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago 68 to 1984 Bleecker Publishing a large phone book sized anthology 733 pages of Yippie history including journalistic accounts from both alternative and mainstream media as well as many personal stories and essays Includes countless photographs old leaflets and posters underground comics newspaper clippings and various other historical ephemera The editors often doubling as authors officially called themselves The New Yippie Book Collective which included Steve Conliff who wrote over half the volume Dana Beal head archivist Grace Nichols Daisy Deadhead Ben Masel Alice Torbush Karen Wachsman and Aron Kay 232 It is still in print Vancouver Yippie Bob Sarti s play Yippies in Love premiered in June 2011 233 234 Later years EditIn 1989 Abbie Hoffman who had been suffering intermittent bouts of depression committed suicide with alcohol and about 150 phenobarbital pills 235 By contrast Jerry Rubin became a fast talking and by all accounts fairly successful stockbroker and showed no regrets 236 In 1994 he was fatally injured by a car while jaywalking 237 By the age of 50 Rubin had broken with many of his previous countercultural views he was interviewed by The New York Times which described him as a yippie turned conspicuous yuppie In the interview he stated that Until me nobody had really taken off their clothes and screamed out loud It s O K to make money 238 In 2000 a Hollywood film based on the life of Abbie Hoffman titled Steal This Movie spoofing the title of his book Steal This Book was released to mixed reviews with Vincent D Onofrio in the title role 239 Noted film critic Roger Ebert gave the movie a positive review 240 remarking that although it is often difficult to credibly bring historic events to life he believed the movie succeeded 240 Abbie Hoffman is seen wearing an American flag shirt and getting in trouble for desecrating it the movie cuts to footage of Roy Rogers and Dale Evans yodeling while wearing their flag shirts Hoffman insisted that the flag represented all Americans including those opposed to the war he resisted efforts of the Right to annex it as their exclusive ideological banner Vincent D Onofrio has an interesting task playing the role since Hoffman seems on autopilot much of the time He is charismatic and has an instinctive grasp of the dramatic gesture but can be infuriating on a one to one level 240 The Yippies continued as a small movement into the early 2000s 241 242 243 The New York chapter was known for their annual marches for decades in New York City to legalize marijuana 133 244 245 NYC Yippie Dana Beal started the Global Marijuana March in 1999 16 246 Beal also continued to crusade for the use of Ibogaine 247 248 to treat heroin addicts 249 250 Another Yippie A J Weberman continued the deconstruction of the poetry of Bob Dylan and speculation about tramps on the Grassy Knoll through various websites Weberman has for a long time been active in the Jewish Defense Organization Throughout this decade NYC Yippies frequently joined in local anti gentrification protests over the continuing transformation of New York s Lower East Side 251 44 252 In 2008 there was a very public feud between A J Weberman and fellow founding Yippie popular New York radio host Bob Fass of WBAI The incidents around this feud briefly brought increased local attention to Yippies 253 particularly since this occurred around the same time a new PBS movie about the Chicago riots was getting widespread national attention 254 The film featured Hank Azaria as Abbie Hoffman and Mark Ruffalo as Jerry Rubin 255 touching off a new generation s interest since both are now deceased Yippie museum and cafe EditIn 2004 the Yippies along with the National AIDS Brigade purchased the long time Yippie headquarters which had initially been acquired by squatting 19 at 9 Bleecker Street in New York City 256 for 1 2 million 257 After official purchase it was converted into the Yippie Museum Cafe and Gift Shop 258 259 housing a multitude of counter cultural and leftist memorabilia from all over the world as well as providing an independently operated cafe that featured live music on scheduled nights 260 261 The cafe closed in summer 2011 and reopened in December the same year with a renovated basement 262 The museum was chartered by the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York 263 According to the original curator s message the museum was founded to preserve the history of the Youth International Party and all of its offshoots The Board of Directors Dana Beal 264 Aron Kay David Peel William Propp Paul DeRienzo and A J Weberman 265 George Martinez was a semi frequent speaker at the Yippies Open Mic known as Occupational Hazards The People s Soapbox 45 In Summer 2013 The Yippie Cafe officially closed 266 267 At the beginning of 2014 the Yippie building Museum at 9 Bleecker was sold closed and permanently cleaned out 268 most of the memorabilia and historic materials dispersed among the remaining New York Yippies 39 As of 2017 the old Yippie building at 9 Bleecker had been totally transformed into a successful Bowery area Boxing club called Overthrow deliberately and artfully retaining much of its original Yippie 60s revolutionary decor Tourists still drop by to see it 269 The Trial of the Chicago 7 EditMain article The Trial of the Chicago 7 In 2020 Netflix released the film The Trial of the Chicago 7 directed by Aaron Sorkin which featured depictions of Yippie members Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin 270 271 The film received mostly positive reviews 272 and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture See also Edit1968 Democratic National Convention protest activity 1971 May Day protests Cannabis political parties of the United States Freak scene Gastown riots Human Be In List of anti war organizations List of incidents at Disneyland Resort List of peace activists Medium Cool Haskell Wexler s groundbreaking fictional cinema verite account of Chicago during the 68 convention using actual riot footage as backdrop for the actors and improvised events Nobody for President None of the Above Pigasus Protests of 1968 Summer of Love Yuppie a term coined in 1980 and popularized by a 1983 newspaper column about Jerry Rubin written by Bob Greene From Yippie to Yuppie ZengerReferences Edit a b c Paul Krassner 1994 Confessions of a raving unconfined nut misadventures in the counter culture Simon amp Schuster p 156 ISBN 9781593765033 Neil A Hamilton The ABC CLIO companion to the 1960s counterculture in America Page 339 ABC CLIO 1997 David Holloway 2002 Yippies St James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture Archived from the original on July 9 2012 CS1 maint bot original URL status unknown link a b Abbie Hoffman Soon to be a Major Motion Picture page 128 Perigee Books 1980 ISBN 9780399505034 Gitlin Todd 1993 The Sixties Years of Hope Days of Rage New York Bantam Books pp 286 ISBN 978 0553372120 1969 Height of the Hippies ABC News Retrieved February 4 2016 Rubin Jerry DO IT Scenarios of the Revolution page 81 Simon and Schuster 1970 Sloman Larry August 7 1998 Steal This Dream Abbie Hoffman amp the Countercultural Revolution in America Doubleday ISBN 9780385411622 Martin Douglas Stew Albert 66 Who Used Laughter to Protest a War Dies New York Times Retrieved February 1 2006 Ed Sanders 2011 Fug You An Informal History of the Peace Eye Bookstore the Fuck You Press the Fugs and Counterculture in the Lower East Side Da Capo Press ISBN 978 0306818882 Patricia Bradley 2004 Mass Media and the Shaping of American Feminism 1963 1975 University Press of Mississippi ISBN 9781604730517 Jerome Washington Collection 1979 1988 PDF John Jay College of Criminal Justice John Jay College of Criminal Justice Special Collections of the Lloyd Sealy Library 1988 Robert Sharlet February 19 2014 Jim Retherford the Man in the Red Devil Suit The Rag Blog James Retherford June 6 2018 Little Big Meshuganah The Rag Blog a b Oliver David June 1977 INTERVIEW Dana Beal High Times a b c Viola Saira Dana Beal Interview International Times Retrieved August 25 2016 a b Hawthorn Tom Yippie for Mayor The Globe and Mail Retrieved June 22 2011 a b ZARIA FOR MAYOR poster Past Tense Vancouver Retrieved June 23 2011 a b Amy Starecheski 2016 Ours to Lose When Squatters Became Homeowners in New York City University of Chicago Press ISBN 978 0226399942 TIMOTHY M PHELPS March 20 1981 YIPPIE IS SEIZED AFTER A DISPUTE NEAR BOMB SITE New York Times Elliott Steve Remembering Ben Masel Activist Changed The Cannabis Debate Toke of the Town Retrieved May 3 2011 Al Aronowitz Tom Forcade Social Architect The Blacklisted Journalist Retrieved February 1 2002 Patrick Anderson February 27 1981 High In America The True Story Behind NORML And The Politics Of Marijuana Viking Press ISBN 978 0670119905 Larry Gambone No Regrets p 97 Black Cat Press 2015 Needs Kris The tale of David Peel the dope smoking hippy who became the King of Punk TeamRock com Retrieved March 22 2016 a b Viola Saira Yippie Yippie Pie Aye Interview with Aron Kay champion pie thrower grassroots activist unrepentant hippie yippie professional agitator Jewish world warrior Gonzo Today Retrieved November 5 2016 Traynor P November 4 1977 Come Pie With Me the Creaming of America PDF Open Road YIPster Times Abbie Hoffman Back to Chicago June 1978 Karla Jay March 3 2000 Tales of the Lavender Menace A Memoir of Liberation Basic Books p 231 ISBN 978 0465083664 YIPster Times Midwest Activism featuring May Midwest p 2 December 1977 a b Deadhead Daisy I wish someone would phone Dead Air Retrieved January 16 2008 Rapport Marc March 29 1978 Student on Ballot with Pie Thrower she s candidate for lieutenant governor Daily Kent Stater Urbanowicz Removed from State Office Race Daily Kent Stater April 5 1978 David Lewis Stein Living the Revolution The Yippies in Chicago p 11 Bobbs Merrill Company 1969 Walker Jesse 2001 Rebels on the Air An Alternative History of Radio in America New York University Press ISBN 978 0814793817 a b Reinholz Mary Yippie and Peace Activist Mayer Vishner Is Dead Apparently a Suicide Bedford Bowery NYmag Retrieved August 28 2013 Donadoni Serena FILM Storied Village Activist Mayer Vishner Faces the End in Bracing Doc Left on Purpose VillageVoice com Village Voice Retrieved February 7 2017 a b Montgomery Paul L March 18 1981 BOMB BURNS TWO DETECTIVES OUTSIDE BUILDING OF YIPPIES New York Times a b Moynihan Colin Emptying a Building Long Home to Activists The New York Times Retrieved January 16 2014 Krassner Paul Hippies Yippies Radicals and Pranksters Counterpunch Retrieved September 8 2017 a b DeAngelo Steve 2015 The Cannabis Manifesto A New Paradigm for Wellness Berkeley CA USA North Atlantic Books ISBN 978 1583949375 Pascual Oscar Marijuana Legalization Seeds Planted Long Ago Finally Flower SFGate Retrieved November 15 2012 Thomas Pat Activist individualist and entrepreneur Jerry Rubin was the quintessential American City Arts Magazine Retrieved May 29 2018 a b Guide to the John Penley Photographs and Papers Elmer Holmes Bobst Library New York University Tamiment Library and Robert F Wagner Labor Archives NYU Retrieved March 24 2015 a b Lennard Natasha An Occupier Eyes Congress Salon Retrieved June 18 2012 Interview With Brenton Lengel The Fifth Column Retrieved April 17 2016 Reston Jr James February 1 1997 Collision at Home Plate The Lives of Pete Rose and Bart Giamatti University of Nebraska Press ISBN 978 0803289642 Abbie Hoffman Steal This Book page 73 Grove Press 1971 The Chicago Eight Trial Selected Contempt Specifications Famous Trials a b 60s live again minus the LSD By Paul Krassner January 28 2007 Los Angeles Times David T Dellinger Judy Clavir and John Spitzer The Conspiracy Trial page 349 Bobbs Merrill 1970 ISBN 978 0306818882 Jonah Raskin For the Hell of It page 129 University of California Press 1996 ISBN 978 0520213791 Abbie Hoffman Revolution For the Hell of It page 81 Dial Press 1968 ISBN 978 1560256908 The Chicago Eight Trial Testimony of Judy Collins Famous Trials NOW with Bill Moyers transcript dated 11 26 04 PBS Retrieved November 26 2004 Julie Stephens 1998 Anti Disciplinary Protest Sixties Radicalism and Postmodernism Cambridge University Press ISBN 978 0521629768 A People s Hxstory of the Sixties The Digger Archives Rosie McGee Total Environmental Theatre in Grateful Dead Family Album p 38 40 Time Warner Books 1990 ed Jerilyn Lee Brandelius ISBN 978 0446391672 Jerilyn Lee Brandelius Every Structure Became a Dwelling in Grateful Dead Family Album p 68 69 Time Warner Books 1990 ed Jerilyn Lee Brandelius ISBN 978 0446391672 Jesse Jarnow 2016 Heads A Biography of Psychedelic America Da Capo Press ISBN 978 0306822551 Mike Marqusee 2003 Wicked Messenger Bob Dylan and the 1960s Seven Stories Press ISBN 978 1583226865 Michael I Niman 1997 People of the Rainbow A Nomadic Utopia University of Tennessee Press Knoxville p 118 ISBN 978 1572337466 yippies rainbow family William Irwin Thompson Going Beyond it at Big Sur in At the Edge of History Speculations on the Transformation of Culture p 27 66 Harper amp Row 1971 ISBN 978 0686675709 Klemesrud Judy November 11 1978 Jerry Rubin s Change of Cause From Antiwar to Me New York Times Tom Wolfe The Electric Kool Aid Acid Test Farrar Straus Giroux 1968 ISBN 978 0312427597 Robert Stone Prime Green Remembering the Sixties HarperCollins Publishers 2007 ISBN 978 0060957773 The New Yippie Book Collective eds Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 page 514 Bleecker Publishing 1983 ISBN 978 0912873008 Abbie Hoffman Woodstock Nation back cover Vintage Books 1969 John Anthony Moretta The Hippies A 1960s History p 260 McFarland amp Company Jefferson NC 2017 ISBN 978 0786499496 Flags of the World Youth International Party listing Archived February 10 2012 at the Wayback Machine Chicago History Museum Blog Blog Archive Yippies in Lincoln Park 1968 Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved February 4 2016 Walker Jesse The Yippie Show REASON Retrieved August 27 2008 CHICAGO 10 The Film The Players The Yippies PBS October 22 2008 Shana Alexander October 25 1968 The Loony Humor of the Yippies LIFE magazine Benjamin Shepard 2012 Play Creativity and Social Movements If I Can t Dance It s Not My Revolution Routledge ISBN 9781136829642 the who woodstock incident with abbie hoffman and pete June 13 2008 Retrieved February 4 2016 via YouTube Audio only Abbie Hoffman Soon to be a Major Motion Picture p 86 Perigee Books 1980 a b Jerry Rubin Do It page 86 Simon and Schuster 1970 ISBN 978 0671206017 Joseph Boskin Rebellious Laughter People s humor in America page 98 Syracuse University Press 1997 Craig J Peariso February 17 2015 Radical Theatrics Put Ons Politics and the Sixties University of Washington Press ISBN 9780295995588 Retrieved July 19 2016 Protest The Banners of Dissent TIME October 27 1967 p 9 Archived from the original on January 27 2008 Retrieved December 26 2009 Bloch Nadine The Day they Levitated the Pentagon Waging NonViolence Retrieved October 21 2012 Jonah Raskin For the hell of it The life and times of Abbie Hoffman Page 117 University of California Press 1996 Soon To Be A Major Motion Picture The Autobiography of Abbie Hoffman First Edition Perigree Books 1980 p 101 Ledbetter James The day the NYSE went Yippie CNN Money Retrieved August 23 2007 Susanne E Shawyer May 2008 Radical Street Theatre and the Yippie Legacy a Performance History of the Youth International Party 1967 1968 University of Texas Austin Cottrell Robert C 2015 Sex Drugs and Rock n Roll The Rise of America s 1960s Counterculture Chapter 14 From Hippie to Yippie on the Way to Revolution Lanham MD Rowman amp Littlefield pp 257 270 ISBN 978 1442246065 Gitlin Todd 1993 The Sixties Years of Hope Days of Rage New York pp 238 Nat Hentoff Nat Hentoff on the Police Riot Against Yippies at Grand Central 4 April 1968 The Village Voice Retrieved April 21 2010 Neil Hamilton The ABC CLIO companion to the 1960s counterculture in America Page 340 ABC CLIO 1997 David Armstrong A Trumpet to Arms Alternative Media in America p 120 121 South End Press Boston 1981 ISBN 978 0896081932 Jerry Rubin A Yippie Manifesto GEOGHEGAN THOMAS February 24 1969 By Any Other Name Brass Tacks The Harvard Crimson Patricia Kelly ed 2008 1968 Art and Politics in Chicago DePaul University Art Museum ISBN 978 0978907440 Kayla Schultz 2008 Democracy in America Yippie Guerilla Theater and the Reinvigoration of the American Democratic Process During the Cold War Syracuse University Norman Mailer Miami and the Siege of Chicago page 137 Signet Books New American Library 1968 ISBN 978 0451073105 a b Stephen Zunes Jesse Laird January 2010 The US Anti Vietnam War Movement 1964 1973 International Center on Nonviolent Conflict ICNC David Farber October 17 1994 Chicago 68 University of Chicago Press pp 177 178 ISBN 978 0226238012 Miller James 1994 Democracy is in the Streets From Port Huron to the Siege of Chicago Harvard University Press p 304 ISBN 978 0674197251 a b Max Frankel 1968 The Walker Report Rights in Conflict The violent confrontation between demonstrators and police in the parks and streets of Chicago during the week of the Democratic National Convention Bantam Books p 5 ISBN 978 0525191797 Goldstein Sarah The Mess We Made An Oral History of the 68 Convention GQ com Retrieved August 12 2008 Jon Wiener Jules Feiffer August 2006 Conspiracy in the Streets The Extraordinary Trial of the Chicago Seven The New Press ISBN 9781565848337 Anorak The People v The Chicago Seven In Photos When Yippies Scared The USA Flashbak ALUM MEDIA LTD Retrieved December 17 2013 John Beckman 2014 American Fun Four Centuries of Joyous Revolt Pantheon Books New York ISBN 978 0 307 90818 6 David T Dellinger Judy Clavir and John Spitzer The Conspiracy Trial page 601 Bobbs Merrill 1970 Abbie Hoffman Soon to be a Major Motion Picture page 170 Perigee Books 1980 a b Ken Wachsberger 1997 The Ballad of Ken and Emily or Tales from the Counterculture Azenphony Press ISBN 978 0945531012 The New Yippie Book Collective Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 Page 16 Bleecker Publishing 1983 Yippies Pelt Police with Eggs Rocks April 5 1971 The Rock Hill Herald Kifner John Tear Gas Repels Radicals Attack New York Times 16 November 1969 The New Yippie Book Collective ed 1983 Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 Bleecker Publishing p 459 Thomas Bryan August 6 1970 the Day the Yippies invaded Disneyland NightFlight Retrieved August 6 2015 The New Yippie Book Collective ed 1983 Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 Bleecker Publishing p 457 The New Yippie Book Collective ed 1983 Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 Bleecker Publishing p 403 Lester Friedman American cinema of the 1970s themes and variations Page 49 NJ Rutgers University Press 2007 Chomsky Noam June 17 1971 Mayday The Case for Civil Disobedience The New York Review of Books Yippies Exclude Hoffman And Rubin as Spokesmen New York Times November 28 1972 Steve Conliff 1972 We are Not McGovernable What Cronkite Didn t Tell You about the 72 Democratic Convention Youth International Party a b Arnett Andrew Hippies Yippies Zippies and Beatnicks A Conversation with Dana Beal TheStonedSociety com The Stoned Society Archived from the original on December 21 2018 Retrieved July 21 2015 Reinholz Mary Yippies vs Zippies New Rubin book reveals 70s counterculture feud TheVillager com Retrieved February 25 2018 The New Yippie Book Collective eds Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 page 354 Bleecker Publishing 1983 Marijuana Smoke in Held Outside Convention Hall July 10 1972 Sarasota Herald Tribune Abbie Hoffman Soon to be a Major Motion Picture page 278 Perigee Books 1980 James Rosen May 2008 The Strong Man John Mitchell and the Secrets of Watergate New York Doubleday ISBN 978 0385508643 a b CrimethInc Ex Workers Collective Whoever They Vote For We Are Ungovernable A History of Anarchist Counter Inaugural Protest CrimethInc Retrieved January 16 2017 Cooperman Alan January 21 1981 Amid Washington s Pomp a Counter Inaugural The Harvard Crimson POSTER Counter Inaugural Ball amp Protests AbeBooks com Youth International Party 1981 Berry Millard July 1980 PHOTO Yippies for Reagan Republican National Convention 1980 Labadie Collection University of Michigan Fifth Estate Yippies protest President Reagan in Dallas 1984 Yippie archives Youth International Party August 1984 POSTER Don t Let Reagan Take You for a Ride AbeBooks com Youth International Party 1984 99 ARRESTED IN DALLAS PROTEST The New York Times August 23 1984 The New Yippie Book Collective ed 1983 Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 Bleecker Publishing p 4 a b A Yippie A Brief History of the NYC Cannabis Parade CannabisParade org Archived from the original on October 10 2017 Retrieved October 9 2017 Odam Jes Police charge yippie plot Vancouver Sun 1 October 1971 Mark Andersen Mark Jenkins August 2003 Dance of Days Two Decades of Punk in the Nation s Capital Brooklyn NY USA Akashic Books ISBN 978 1888451443 Martin Weil Keith B Richberg July 5 1978 Demonstration By Yippies Is Mostly Quiet Washington Post Harris Art July 4 1979 Yippies Turn On Washington Post Miller Tom April 27 1995 I Remember Jerry Tucson Weekly The New Yippie Book Collective ed 1983 Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 Bleecker Publishing p 656 Jonah Raskin For the Hell of It page 132 University of California Press 1996 Thorne Webb Dreyer What Ever Happened To The New Generation TheRagBlog Retrieved December 30 2007 Kisseloff Jeff January 2007 Generation on Fire Voices of Protest From The 1960s An oral history University Press of Kentucky p 64 ISBN 978 0813124162 Lorraine Code 2000 Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories Routledge p 350 ISBN 978 0415308854 SOUR GRAPES cover Youth International Party Columbus OH 1974 Steve Abbott April 1 2012 Ken Wachsberger ed Karl and Groucho s Marxist Dance Insider Histories of the Vietnam Era Underground Press Part 2 Voices from the Underground Michigan State University Press ISBN 978 1611860313 Georgia Straight Staff 1967 1972 Archived from the original on February 22 2012 Retrieved January 5 2014 HOUSTON UNDERGROUND SPACE CITY DIRECT ACTION AND ULTRA ZINE 1978 Wild Dog Zine Retrieved February 21 2014 Ventura Michael Letters at 3AM He Took the Cat to Texas this is the final story in the many storied life of Mayer Vishner Austin Chronicle Retrieved September 30 2013 Amateau Albert Mayer Vishner 64 Yippie antiwar activist editor The Villager Retrieved September 26 2013 a b c library of congress gov chronicling america berkeley tribe a b c University of Michigan gov archives underground newspapers microfilm collection Joseph Pat Sex Drugs Revolution 50 Years On Barbarians Gather to Recall The Berkeley Barb California Magazine Retrieved August 11 2015 John McMillian February 17 2011 Smoking Typewriters The Sixties Underground Press and the Rise of Alternative Media in America Oxford University Press pp 120 126 ISBN 978 0195319927 Jonah Raskin For the Hell of It University of California Press Page 228 1996 Coca Crystal s Dance Revolution Unconscious and Irrational March 21 2009 The Chicago Eight Trial Testimony of Philip David Ochs Famous Trials Ouellette Rick The Strange Forgotten Saga of the Medicine Ball Caravan REEL AND ROCK Retrieved March 3 2013 Greenspun Roger August 26 1971 Medicine Ball Caravan Bows Free Wheeling Bus Is Followed Across U S The New York Times Mastropolo Frank Revisiting Medicine Ball Caravan the Woodstock on Wheels Ultimate Classic Rock Retrieved August 5 2015 We Have Come For Your Daughters at IMDb Julie Burchill Tony Parsons The Boy Looked at Johnny The Obituary of Rock and Roll p 19 20 Pluto Press London UK 1978 ISBN 9780861040308 O Hagan Sean John Sinclair We wanted to kick ass and raise consciousness The Guardian Retrieved March 3 2014 Tracey Patrick March 31 2000 Yippie Yi Yay Washington City Paper Sarti Bob The day I met Pete Seeger The Oystercatcher May Day 2014 Arthur Kane 2009 I Doll Life and Death with the New York Dolls Chicago Review Press Chicago IL p 27 ISBN 978 1 55652 941 2 Alice Torbush Daisy Deadhead Rock Against Racism USA Tour Dates amp Concert Calender Overthrow Yipster Times p 12 14 April 1979 Illustration Overthrow cover ROCK AGAINST RACISM issue April 1979 GRASS ROOTS ACTIVISM ROCK AGAINST RACISM 1979 Wild Dog Zine Retrieved January 23 2014 ANARCHO PUNKS ORGANIZE FIRST ROCK AGAINST RACISM CONCERT AT UH 1979 Wild Dog Zine Retrieved February 5 2016 Baby Lindy Screaming Urge Impulse Control Hyped to Death CD archives Retrieved January 20 2018 Webster Brian Rock Against Racism USA BrianWebster com Brian Webster and Associates Retrieved April 9 2018 Rock Against Racism w NAUSEA FALSE PROPHETS Central Park Bandshell 05 01 88 Signs Of Life NYC Retrieved March 31 2013 Ben Nadler November 29 2014 Punk in NYC s Lower East Side 1981 1991 Scene History Series Volume 1 Portland Oregon USA Microcosm Publishing ISBN 9781621069218 L A Kauffman 2017 Direct Action Protest and the Reinvention of American Radicalism New York Verso Books ISBN 978 1784784096 POSTER ROCK AGAINST REAGAN Clark Park Detroit AbeBooks com Youth International Party 1983 Shocked Michelle August 1989 ANTIHERO The newest insider at PolyGram folk singer Michelle Shocked on working for change through music on the inside and outside SPIN archives Spin Liles Jeff Echoes and Reverberations Dead Kennedys Rock Against Politics Dallas Observer Retrieved October 30 2008 Dave Dictor May 22 2016 MDC Memoir from a Damaged Civilization Stories of Punk Fear and Redemption San Francisco Manic D Press 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of 1970 s Celebrities Disco and Debauchery HeraldWeekly com Samyo News Retrieved January 22 2021 None Of The Above Ballot Option In Nevada Upheld By Federal Appeals Court November 25 2015 Archived from the original on November 25 2015 Retrieved August 22 2016 Negative Voting in the Indian Election System A Study by Prethin V Pothen University of Madras Retrieved January 4 2014 A Paradox of Right to Recall and Reject A boon or bane by Sanjeev Chaswal Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies New Delhi The New Yippie Book Collective Blacklisted News Secret Histories from Chicago to 1984 Page 321 Bleecker Publishing 1983 Nobody For President hoaxes org Retrieved September 16 2017 Nobody for President 2020 Christina Xu The Secrets of the Little Pamphlet Hippies Hackers and the Youth International Party Line Free Range Virtual Library Retrieved December 5 2008 Zetteler Mike August 28 1971 Street Sheet Spreads Yippie Message Zonyx Report Milwaukee Sentinel Vancouver Yippie 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Retrieved April 1 2008 CHICAGO 10 The Film PBS October 22 2008 Chicago 10 at IMDb Leland John Yippies Answer to Smoke Filled Rooms New York Times Retrieved May 1 2003 Kolben Deborah Yippies Apply for a Piece of Establishment New York Sun Retrieved March 16 2006 Anderson Lincoln Museum will have Abbie s trash Rubin s road kill The Villager Archived from the original on June 24 2006 Retrieved February 1 2006 The Yippie Museum New York Art World 2007 Haught Lori Steal This Coffeehouse Yippies Revive the 60s Vibe The Villager Archived from the original on September 7 2007 Retrieved November 15 2006 Bleyer Jennifer At the Yippie Museum It s Parrots and Flannel New York Times Retrieved January 20 2008 Sjolin Sara Yippee The Yippie Museum Cafe Gets Back Its Groove Local East Village Retrieved December 9 2011 NY Board of Regents Charter Applications for March 2006 State of New York September 29 2006 Archived from the original on September 29 2006 Moynihan Colin A Yippie Veteran Is in Jail Far From the East Village New York Times Retrieved June 11 2008 YippieCafe com Fitzsimmons Daniel Remembering the Yippies Counter cultural haven on Bleecker Street still alive despite legal struggle NY PRESS Retrieved December 4 2013 Moynihan Colin Loan Dispute Threatens a Countercultural Soapbox New York Times Retrieved June 9 2013 Peet Preston Requiem for Yippie Stronghold 9 Bleecker CelebStoner Retrieved January 17 2014 About OVERTHROW OverthrowNYC com Retrieved June 15 2021 A O Scott The Trial of the Chicago 7 Review They Fought the Law Aaron Sorkin and an all star cast re enact a real life 60s courtroom drama with present day implications The New York Times Retrieved September 24 2020 Zuckerman Esther How the Ending of Netflix s The Trial of the Chicago 7 Rewrites History Thrillist Group Nine Media Retrieved October 16 2020 Bailey Jason CRITIC S NOTEBOOK The Chicago 7 Trial Onscreen An Interpretation for Every Era The New York Times Retrieved October 18 2020 External links EditStew Albert s Yippie Reading Room Yippie Manifesto Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin 1968 Pieman s Homepage Aron Kay Abbie Hoffman s Wakeup Amerika Yippie Speakers Bureau Cures not Wars The Chicago Eight or Chicago Seven Trial 1969 1970 Conspiracy The Trial of the Chicago 8 TV Movie 16 May 1987 Yippies shut down Disneyland 1970 Making Yippie an excerpt from Chicago 68 by David Farber PBS Independent Lens CHICAGO 10 2008 Flags of the World Listing for the Youth International Party Flag The Yippie Revolution Vancouver Yippie July 4th Smoke In at Washington DC 1977 The Annual July 4 Smoke In at Washington DC film by Howard Lotsof and the Yippies 26 minutes Yippies at 1980 Republican convention in Detroit Michigan Fond Memories of 68 Convention Chicago Tribune column by Mike Royko comparing the 1968 Democratic Convention to the 1988 Convention 24 July 1988 NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT GREENWICH VILLAGE House of Yippies Chicago Convention A Recurring Dream New York Times April 7 1996 VIDEO Yodeling Yippie by the Fugs 2006 Remastered Version Among the Pie Throwers American Spectator article by Patrick Howley 20 July 2011 Steal This Story Hostage on Bleecker Street by Sidd Joag May 5 2016 An account of a robbery at NY Yippie HQ in 2005 and its eventual aftermath YippieFest THREE DAYS OF THEATRE amp MUSIC amp SHORT FILM amp COMEDY amp MORE The Abbie Hoffman of the Right Donald Trump New York Times column by David Brooks 26 September 2017 Throwing Custard Pies Looks Like Fun It s Also Art A history of political pie throwing by Anthony Haden Guest in The Daily Beast February 18 2018 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Youth International Party amp oldid 1049807941, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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