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Yokosuka E14Y

The Yokosuka E14Y (Allied reporting name Glen) was an Imperial Japanese Navy reconnaissance seaplane transported aboard and launched from Japanese submarine aircraft carriers such as the I-25 during World War II. The Japanese Navy designation was "Type 0 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane" (零式小型水上偵察機).

E14Y
Role Submarine-based reconnaissance seaplane
National origin Japan
Manufacturer Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal
First flight 1939
Introduction 1941
Retired 1943
Primary user Imperial Japanese Navy
Number built 126

Contents

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it.(January 2019)
Nobuo Fujita, the only Axis pilot to drop bombs on the US mainland during World War II, and his E14Y

The E14Y was used for several Japanese reconnaissance missions during the Pacific War.

On 26 February 1942 the Japanese submarine I-25, under the command of Captain Meiji Tagami, was off the northern tip of King Island in Bass Strait off the coast of Victoria, Australia, when an E14Y was launched on a reconnaissance flight over the Port of Melbourne. The pilot and observer/gunner were in the air for three hours, during which time they successfully flew over Port Phillip Bay and observed the ships at anchor off Melbourne before returning to land on its floats beside the submarine, where it was winched aboard and disassembled.

The E14Y is the only Japanese aircraft to overfly New Zealand during World War II (and only the second enemy aircraft after the German Friedrichshafen FF.33 'Wölfchen' during World War I). On 8 March 1942 Warrant Officer Nobuo Fujita photographed the Allied build-up in Wellington harbour in a "Glen" launched from the Japanese submarine I-25. On 13 March he flew over Auckland, before the I-25 proceeded to Australia. On the night of 24/25 May Warrant Officer Susumo Ito flew a "Glen" over Auckland from the Japanese submarine I-21. Just days later, in the same aircraft, Ito flew the reconnaissance flight preceding the sole Japanese attack on Sydney Harbour in which 21 seamen were killed when HMAS Kuttabul sank on 1 June 1942.: 340–6

Type A1 submarine I-9 was caught off the New Zealand coast in early 1943; however, no Japanese aircraft was observed, and any records of overflights were lost when the submarine was sunk.

The E14Y also has the distinction of being the only submarine-based aircraft to drop bombs on the United States during World War II, in an incident known as The Lookout Air Raid. On 9 September 1942 , Chief Warrant Officer Nobuo Fujita, a pilot in the Japanese Imperial Navy, and his crewman, Petty Officer Shoji Okuda, surfaced in submarine I-25 off the coast of Oregon near Brookings. The seaplane had folding wings and was transported in a watertight capsule attached to the deck of the submarine. The bombs – 76 kg (168 lb) incendiaries intended to cause forest fires – caused no injuries or real damage.

Prototype Yokosuka E14Y in flight (note different rudder)

A total of 126 E14Ys were produced.

Aviation History magazine reported in the November 2008 issue that divers had found airplane parts in the Akibasan Maru wreck, a Japanese cargo ship sunk in the Kwajalein Atoll on 20 January 1944, and rediscovered in 1965. The parts (including wings and floats) have been finally identified (April 2008) as belonging to two E14Y1 "Glen" floatplanes, through the use of photographs from the wreck and comparisons with original technical drawings and a captured technical manual.

Two E14Ys in flight

Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 8.54 m (28 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 11 m (36 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.8 m (12 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 19 m2 (200 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,119 kg (2,467 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,450 kg (3,197 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,600 kg (3,527 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hitachi GK2 Tempu 12 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 250 kW (340 hp) for take-off
224 kW (300 hp) at sea level
  • Propellers: 2-bladed wooden propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 246 km/h (153 mph, 133 kn) at sea level
  • Cruise speed: 167 km/h (104 mph, 90 kn) at 1,000 m (3,281 ft)
  • Range: 881 km (547 mi, 476 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,240 m (17,190 ft)
  • Time to altitude: 3,000 m (9,843 ft) in 10 minutes 11 seconds
  • Wing loading: 76.3 kg/m2 (15.6 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.1749 kW/kg (0.1064 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns: 1× flexible, rearward-firing 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Type 92 machine gun for the observer
  • Bombs: 2× 76 kg (168 lb) bombs (various)

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

Notes

  1. Lester Hunt, “Bass Strait lighthouses and a Japanese reconnaissance flight in 1942,” History News, Issue 341, April 2019, p.4-5 [1]
  2. Dunhunty, Philip (2009). Never a Dull Moment. Philip Dulhunty.
  3. Chris Rudge (2003), Air to Air the story behind the air combat claims of the RNZAF, Adventure Air
  4. "Surviving Glens Discovered at Kwajalein." Aviation History, November 2008.
  5. Francillon 1979, p. 453.
  6. Farnham, dan. "The E14Y1 'Glen' wrecks of the Akibansan Maru". www.j-aircraft.com. Retrieved15 April 2015.

Bibliography

  • Francillon, René J. (1979). Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam & Company. ISBN 0-370-30251-6..
  • Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War, Volume Six: Floatplanes. London: Macdonald & Co (Publishers), 1962.
  • Ishiguro, Ryusuke and Tadeusz Januszewski. Kugisho E14Y "Glen". Sandomierz, Poland/Redbourn, UK: MMP Books, 2010. ISBN 978-8389450616.
  • Jackson, Robert. The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft. Bath, UK: Parragon Books, 2006. ISBN 1-4054-2465-6.
  • Januszewski, Tadeusz. Japanese Submarine Aircraft. Sandomierz, Poland/Redbourn, UK: Mushroom Model Publications, 2002. ISBN 83-916327-2-5.
  • Passingham, Malcolm (February 2000). "Les hydravions embarqués sur sous-marins" [Submarine-carried Seaplanes]. Avions: Toute l'aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (83): 7–17. ISSN 1243-8650.
  • Passingham, Malcolm (March 2000). "Les hydravions embarqués sur sous-marins". Avions: Toute l'aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (84): 25–37. ISSN 1243-8650.
  • Thorpe, Donald W. Japanese Naval Air Force Camouflage and Markings World War II. Fallbrook, California: Aero Publishers, 1977. ISBN 0-8168-6587-6.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toYokosuka E14Y.

Yokosuka E14Y
Yokosuka E14Y Language Watch Edit The Yokosuka E14Y Allied reporting name Glen was an Imperial Japanese Navy reconnaissance seaplane transported aboard and launched from Japanese submarine aircraft carriers such as the I 25 during World War II The Japanese Navy designation was Type 0 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane 零式小型水上偵察機 E14YRole Submarine based reconnaissance seaplaneNational origin JapanManufacturer Yokosuka Naval Air Technical ArsenalFirst flight 1939Introduction 1941Retired 1943Primary user Imperial Japanese NavyNumber built 126 Contents 1 Design and development 2 Operational history 3 Surviving aircraft 4 Specifications E14Y 5 See also 6 References 6 1 Notes 6 2 Bibliography 7 External linksDesign and development EditThis section is empty You can help by adding to it January 2019 Operational history Edit Nobuo Fujita the only Axis pilot to drop bombs on the US mainland during World War II and his E14Y The E14Y was used for several Japanese reconnaissance missions during the Pacific War On 26 February 1942 the Japanese submarine I 25 under the command of Captain Meiji Tagami was off the northern tip of King Island in Bass Strait off the coast of Victoria Australia when an E14Y was launched on a reconnaissance flight over the Port of Melbourne 1 The pilot and observer gunner were in the air for three hours during which time they successfully flew over Port Phillip Bay and observed the ships at anchor off Melbourne before returning to land on its floats beside the submarine where it was winched aboard and disassembled The E14Y is the only Japanese aircraft to overfly New Zealand during World War II and only the second enemy aircraft after the German Friedrichshafen FF 33 Wolfchen during World War I On 8 March 1942 Warrant Officer Nobuo Fujita photographed the Allied build up in Wellington harbour in a Glen launched from the Japanese submarine I 25 On 13 March he flew over Auckland before the I 25 proceeded to Australia On the night of 24 25 May Warrant Officer Susumo Ito flew a Glen over Auckland from the Japanese submarine I 21 Just days later in the same aircraft Ito flew the reconnaissance flight preceding the sole Japanese attack on Sydney Harbour in which 21 seamen were killed when HMAS Kuttabul sank on 1 June 1942 2 340 6 Type A1 submarine I 9 was caught off the New Zealand coast in early 1943 however no Japanese aircraft was observed and any records of overflights were lost when the submarine was sunk 3 The E14Y also has the distinction of being the only submarine based aircraft to drop bombs on the United States during World War II in an incident known as The Lookout Air Raid On 9 September 1942 Chief Warrant Officer Nobuo Fujita a pilot in the Japanese Imperial Navy and his crewman Petty Officer Shoji Okuda surfaced in submarine I 25 off the coast of Oregon near Brookings The seaplane had folding wings and was transported in a watertight capsule attached to the deck of the submarine The bombs 76 kg 168 lb incendiaries intended to cause forest fires caused no injuries or real damage Prototype Yokosuka E14Y in flight note different rudder A total of 126 4 5 E14Ys were produced Surviving aircraft EditAviation History magazine reported in the November 2008 issue 4 that divers had found airplane parts in the Akibasan Maru wreck a Japanese cargo ship sunk in the Kwajalein Atoll on 20 January 1944 and rediscovered in 1965 6 The parts including wings and floats have been finally identified April 2008 as belonging to two E14Y1 Glen floatplanes through the use of photographs from the wreck and comparisons with original technical drawings and a captured technical manual 4 Specifications E14Y Edit Two E14Ys in flight Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War 5 General characteristicsCrew 2 Length 8 54 m 28 ft 0 in Wingspan 11 m 36 ft 1 in Height 3 8 m 12 ft 6 in Wing area 19 m2 200 sq ft Empty weight 1 119 kg 2 467 lb Gross weight 1 450 kg 3 197 lb Max takeoff weight 1 600 kg 3 527 lb Powerplant 1 Hitachi GK2 Tempu 12 9 cylinder air cooled radial piston engine 250 kW 340 hp for take off224 kW 300 hp at sea level dd dd dd Propellers 2 bladed wooden propeller Performance Maximum speed 246 km h 153 mph 133 kn at sea level Cruise speed 167 km h 104 mph 90 kn at 1 000 m 3 281 ft Range 881 km 547 mi 476 nmi Service ceiling 5 240 m 17 190 ft Time to altitude 3 000 m 9 843 ft in 10 minutes 11 seconds Wing loading 76 3 kg m2 15 6 lb sq ft Power mass 0 1749 kW kg 0 1064 hp lb Armament Guns 1 flexible rearward firing 7 7 mm 0 303 in Type 92 machine gun for the observer Bombs 2 76 kg 168 lb bombs various See also EditAmerican Theater World War II Aircraft of comparable role configuration and era Aichi M6A Arado Ar 231 Related lists List of aircraft of World War II List of seaplanes and amphibious aircraft List of submarine borne aircraftReferences EditNotes Edit Lester Hunt Bass Strait lighthouses and a Japanese reconnaissance flight in 1942 History News Issue 341 April 2019 p 4 5 1 Dunhunty Philip 2009 Never a Dull Moment Philip Dulhunty Chris Rudge 2003 Air to Air the story behind the air combat claims of the RNZAF Adventure Air a b c Surviving Glens Discovered at Kwajalein Aviation History November 2008 a b Francillon 1979 p 453 Farnham dan The E14Y1 Glen wrecks of the Akibansan Maru www j aircraft com Retrieved 15 April 2015 Bibliography Edit Francillon Rene J 1979 Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War London Putnam amp Company ISBN 0 370 30251 6 Green William War Planes of the Second World War Volume Six Floatplanes London Macdonald amp Co Publishers 1962 Ishiguro Ryusuke and Tadeusz Januszewski Kugisho E14Y Glen Sandomierz Poland Redbourn UK MMP Books 2010 ISBN 978 8389450616 Jackson Robert The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft Bath UK Parragon Books 2006 ISBN 1 4054 2465 6 Januszewski Tadeusz Japanese Submarine Aircraft Sandomierz Poland Redbourn UK Mushroom Model Publications 2002 ISBN 83 916327 2 5 Passingham Malcolm February 2000 Les hydravions embarques sur sous marins Submarine carried Seaplanes Avions Toute l aeronautique et son histoire in French 83 7 17 ISSN 1243 8650 Passingham Malcolm March 2000 Les hydravions embarques sur sous marins Avions Toute l aeronautique et son histoire in French 84 25 37 ISSN 1243 8650 Thorpe Donald W Japanese Naval Air Force Camouflage and Markings World War II Fallbrook California Aero Publishers 1977 ISBN 0 8168 6587 6 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Yokosuka E14Y Yokosuka E14Y Allied Code Name Glen www combinedfleet com Yokosuka E14Y Glen including the fire bombing August 1942 Pacific Wrecks Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yokosuka E14Y amp oldid 1025856521, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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