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Yong Peng

Yong Peng is a town in Mukim Tanjung Semberong, Batu Pahat District, Johor, Malaysia. It has an area of 1911.6 hectares with an estimated population of 29,046.

Yong Peng
Township
Malay transcription(s)
RumiYong Peng
Jawiيوڠ ڤيڠ
Chinese transcription(s)
Traditional永平
Simplified永平
MandarinYǒngpíng (Pinyin)
Yong Peng town in 2010.
Seal
Yong Peng
Yong Peng shown within Batu Pahat.
Coordinates:2°0′00″N103°04′0″E /2.00000°N 103.06667°E /2.00000; 103.06667Coordinates: 2°0′00″N103°04′0″E /2.00000°N 103.06667°E /2.00000; 103.06667
CountryMalaysia
StateJohor
DistrictBatu Pahat District
MukimTanjung Semberong
Government
Local AuthorityMajlis Daerah Yong Peng
ChairmanHafiz Aliman
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
Postcode
83700
Dialling code+607
PoliceYong Peng
FireYong Peng

Contents

Yong Peng Town (Bandar Yong Peng) near Tanjung Sembrong in Batu Pahat District

During the reign of Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor and under the influence of the British rule in the 1870s, a policy was initiated to modernise Johor and increase tax revenue by opening up more of the forest and swamp area for plantation purposes (initially for spices such as pepper and gambier; then followed by rubber). But to do so, they need massive number of workers. Coincidentally the political and social chaos in Southern China during that period (ref: History of China) made the Chinese migrants an obvious choice. Some of these early Chinese pioneers travelled from the river mouth starting from Batu Pahat and along the Bekok River (Sungai Bekok) and settled upon a fertile land not far from where Sungai Bekok and Sungai Sedi meets.

In fact, in 1800, there were only five Malay houses standing on the banks of Sungai Bekok and on Bukit Jambu (once sited the Bee Seng Sawmill and now the Yong Peng District Council). The town was known at that time as ‘Sri Bertam’, named after a tree by the name ‘Bertam Tree’ in Kampong Bukit Jambu. The Malays were then ruled by Arujamin Bin Runshut and most of them had just escaped from the Dutch after losing the war to the latter in Acheh.

In November 1847, four Chinese immigrants from Chaozhou led by Boo Koh Lak Loo (better known as Ah Loh) came to Sri Bertam by boat after paddling up Sungai Bekok. They then built three houses at the present Government Clinic compound. Later he and his men with the help of his Malay friends began to clear some thick forests around the river banks. When this small settlement prospered and progressed, Boo named the place Yong Peng or Everlasting Peace in Chinese.

Boo ruled Yong Peng according to the ‘Kangchu’ or headman system where the Chinese word "Kang” means river while "Chu" means house. But essentially, "Chu" is the clan name of the first headman in charge of the plantations in the area.

When more Chinese of other dialects began moving to Yong Peng, the settlement was also expanded further up the river, opening up two more areas - one was Mah Kau Kang and the other one was Seng Kang (now Kangkar Bahru).

During this time, Sungai Bekok river was navigable by small ocean-going steamers. Local produce such as pepper and gambir were transported by boat to Batu Pahat and some to as far as Singapore; the whole journey taking about 16 days.

Kangchu Boo would also give a yearly report of Yong Peng to Sultan Abu Bakar. In order to keep law and order, one Malay by the name of Ismail was appointed the policeman of Yong Peng. Minor offences were dealt with by Kangchu Boo whilst more serious ones were sent to the magistrate’s court in Batu Pahat.

Kangchu Boo died in 1907 at the age of 76. His body was buried in Tang Hak (old name for Jalan Masjid). It is around Jalan Ann Peng. After his death, his son Kangchu Boo Koh Soon Meng took over at the young age of 25. He ruled for about 35 years until his death in 1942. As he did not have a son, the Kangchu system also began to decline and it was also in the same year Yong Peng was conquered by the Japanese.

Emergency Period

After World War II, the British returned to power. However, conflict with the Communist Party of Malaya, their former ally during the Japanese occupation, emerged. In 1950, in order to contain the communist insurgency, the British instituted as part of the Briggs Plan the policy of forced relocation of large number of people and moved them into specially created settlements called "New Villages". This strategy was to prevent Communist sympathisers from supporting and supplying food to the insurgents. These camps were surrounded by barb wires and guarded day and night. Other than night curfews, residents of the camp were also strictly prohibited from carrying additional food or tools in or out of the camp. Curfews would commence at 6 o’clock in the evening and ended at 6 the next morning. In Yong Peng, a few thousand squatters who were living and cultivating along isolated jungle fringes were thus resettled in the new village.

So, Jalan Templer in Yong Peng was named after the then British High Commissioner General Gerald Templer who was known for making this famous remark, "The answer [to the uprising] lies not in pouring more troops into the jungle, but in the hearts and minds of the people." (Lapping, 224) In order to win the hearts and minds of these new villagers at this time, Malaysia's first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman, also visited Yong Peng and opened the Yong Peng Chinese High School.

In 1952 when the local council of Yong Peng was established, Jalan Ah Loh was named in memory of Kangchu Boo Koh Ah Loh (巫许亚鲁).

Yong Peng was also disturbed by the racial riots (mostly took place in Kuala Lumpur) during the May 13 event in 1969. Luckily, the Chinese Penghulu (Head Villager) from Yong Peng and the Malay Penghulus from the surrounding Kampungs had a relatively good relationship; and working together they cobbled several arrangements that help prevent the severe bloodshed seen in other urban areas.

Then in the mid-1970s, the town was again affected by gang fights among rival gangster groups which usually took place at night outside the only cinema in Yong Peng at Jalan Templer. Peace was again restored when ASP Mokhtaruddin Yunus, dubbed by the locals as ‘Justice Pao’ was sent to Yong Peng. Within weeks, he was able to maintain law and order and until today many locals still remember him fondly as a strict and incorruptible policeman who came to save Yong Peng.

Today most of these Chinese around are now in the fourth generation and have been thoroughly integrated as part of the Malaysian society.

Yong Peng District Council
Administrative map of Yong Peng District Council in Johor

It is administered by the Yong Peng District Council (Majlis Daerah Yong Peng (MDYP)), previously known as Eastern Batu Pahat District Council. The district council is autonomous from Batu Pahat Town and it administers Yong Peng town and the adjacent neighbourhoods of Ayer Hitam and Tanjung Sembrong. It was established on 1 September 1979.

Yong Peng has its own constituency in the Johor State Legislative Assembly, currently held by Chew Peck Choo of the DAP.

On the federal level Yong Peng is part of the Ayer Hitam parliamentary constituency. It is currently represented by Wee Ka Siong of the Barisan Nasional opposition coalition.

More than half of the local residents are of Chinese origin, whose forefathers migrated from southern China in the 1880s. The rest are Malays and Indians who mainly reside in the surrounding Yong Peng areas. Other than Malay, the other main language used is Mandarin with an accent strongly influenced by the Fuzhou and Hokkien Dialects. Chinese make up the majority of the population at 60%, followed by the Malays at 32%, Indians at 7%.

Industrial areas in Yong Peng are Ayer Hitam, Ayer Hitam-Yong Peng Street, Yong Peng Town and Seri Wangi Industrial Areas.

Primary School - Yong Peng has One Chinese and two Government run National School (schools where Malay is the primary medium) - Sekolah Kebangsaan Seri Bertam and Sekolah Rendah Kebangsaan Yong Peng (SRKYP). SRKYP was the smallest of the three primary school. It was originally part of a missionary school (Anglican Church) with an emphasis on the use of English as a teaching medium. As a result, the students and teachers there have been known to be relatively more well verse in the use of English. Not long after independence, it was converted to a National School where the Malay language is used as the primary medium instead.

Secondary School - Yong Peng has one Chinese Independent school (Yong Peng High School); and two government run National schools - Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Yong Peng (SMYP) & SMK Dato' Seth. SMYP was the biggest of the three. It has students from all the three primary schools in Yong Peng and also from the surrounding areas such as Lam Lee, Kangkar Baru, Parit Yanni and even as far as Sri Medan.

Fuzhou-style bread

Yong Peng is known for its Fuzhou (福州) style cuisine. This would include HockChew Chow Mien (handmade noodles that are first boiled, then stir fried); HockChew Egg Soup; HockChew FishBall (one of the bounciest fishballs; with fish on the outside and pork on the inside); Fermented Red Rice Wine Chicken; Fermented Red Rice Wine Noodles; HockChew Square Bread (typically pork fat or meat is added as filling); and HockChew plain bread (also known as Yong Peng bread - round shaped yeast bread that is available as plain with sesame seed, sweet or salted; no fillings within). The aforesaid are all classically unique food only available in Yong Peng.

Of course, there are other nice adapted Chinese food too. The "Duck Noodle" near Tian Hou Gong temple, Laksa (served in Thai style where you could choose to add your own curry & chili powder) near the old cinema), Lu Mien (dark noodles cooked with black vinegar) near the Eastern Garden, Fish Ball & Fish Cakes from Yuen Yuen restaurant are some of the old favorites. Even some of the stalls in Jalan Meng Seng, near the Pasar served pretty good food too.

Even muar famous handmade food, otak otak is now can be found in yong peng from a newly set out outlet, AH JIE otak otak opposite the RONG CHENG restaurant. AH JIE otak shop is famous with handmade otak otak in frozen packet, seremban SiewBao, pineapple tart, Matisu, popiah otak, setiawan misua, TAN KIM HOCK product.

There is plenty of local Malay and Indian food stalls (warung). One famous place is near the wet market, where people usually go for breakfast. It is famous for its nasi lemak, lontong and mee goreng (fried noodle, Malay stype). The Rendang, Kari Ekor (Ox Tail Soup) and Roti Canai are all wonderful additions to the local cuisine.

  • Fortune Dragon (转运祥龙) - built by Che Ann Khor Yong Peng Association (德教会紫安阁)
  • Tian Pao Kong Temple (永平天保宫) - famous for the 68 feet tall Ji Gong bronze statue
  • JAWATANKUASA PENGURUSAN RUMAH BERHALA GUA NAGA HITAM (柔佛州永平黒龍洞三聖公神廟)

Yong Peng has two main interchanges on North–South Expressway including north to Kuala Lumpur and south to Johor Bahru. The old north–south trunk road, the highway runs through downtown Yong Peng. PLUS has an exit serving Yong Peng town. Connection to Muar, Parit Sulong and Batu Pahat is possible via highway while access to Kluang and Mersing is through the interchange with the Batu Pahat–Kluang–Jemaluang highway (highway) near Ayer Hitam.

  1. "Yong Peng, Johor". Retrieved2016-09-08.
  2. "Portal Rasmi Majlis Daerah Yong Peng (MDYP) |". Retrieved2016-09-08.
  3. Tan Kor Mee, Roger (7 November 2007). "The best place to be on earth". New Straits Times. Retrieved8 September 2016.
  4. "Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Johor". DAPMalaysia.org. Retrieved8 January 2016.
  5. "Ahli Parlimen". Portal Rasmi Parlimen Malaysia. Retrieved8 January 2016.
  6. "undi.info". undi.info. Retrieved2016-09-08.
  7. http://jpbd.johor.gov.my/images/jpbd_DokumenTerbitan/Handbook.pdf
Wikimedia Commons has media related toYong Peng.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yong Peng.

Yong Peng
Yong Peng Language Watch Edit Yong Peng is a town in Mukim Tanjung Semberong Batu Pahat District Johor Malaysia 1 It has an area of 1911 6 hectares with an estimated population of 29 046 2 Yong PengTownshipMalay transcription s RumiYong Peng Jawiيوڠ ڤيڠ Chinese transcription s Traditional永平 Simplified永平 MandarinYǒngping Pinyin Yong Peng town in 2010 SealYong PengYong Peng shown within Batu Pahat Coordinates 2 0 00 N 103 04 0 E 2 00000 N 103 06667 E 2 00000 103 06667 Coordinates 2 0 00 N 103 04 0 E 2 00000 N 103 06667 E 2 00000 103 06667CountryMalaysiaStateJohorDistrictBatu Pahat DistrictMukimTanjung SemberongGovernment Local AuthorityMajlis Daerah Yong Peng ChairmanHafiz AlimanTime zoneUTC 8 MST Postcode83700Dialling code 607PoliceYong PengFireYong Peng Contents 1 History 1 1 Emergency Period 2 Administration 3 Politics 4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Education 7 Food 8 Tourist attractions 9 Transportation 10 References 11 External links 12 Neighbouring townsHistory Edit Yong Peng Town Bandar Yong Peng near Tanjung Sembrong in Batu Pahat District During the reign of Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor and under the influence of the British rule in the 1870s a policy was initiated to modernise Johor and increase tax revenue by opening up more of the forest and swamp area for plantation purposes initially for spices such as pepper and gambier then followed by rubber But to do so they need massive number of workers Coincidentally the political and social chaos in Southern China during that period ref History of China made the Chinese migrants an obvious choice 1 Some of these early Chinese pioneers travelled from the river mouth starting from Batu Pahat and along the Bekok River Sungai Bekok and settled upon a fertile land not far from where Sungai Bekok and Sungai Sedi meets In fact in 1800 there were only five Malay houses standing on the banks of Sungai Bekok and on Bukit Jambu once sited the Bee Seng Sawmill and now the Yong Peng District Council The town was known at that time as Sri Bertam named after a tree by the name Bertam Tree in Kampong Bukit Jambu The Malays were then ruled by Arujamin Bin Runshut and most of them had just escaped from the Dutch after losing the war to the latter in Acheh In November 1847 four Chinese immigrants from Chaozhou led by Boo Koh Lak Loo better known as Ah Loh came to Sri Bertam by boat after paddling up Sungai Bekok 3 They then built three houses at the present Government Clinic compound 3 Later he and his men with the help of his Malay friends began to clear some thick forests around the river banks When this small settlement prospered and progressed Boo named the place Yong Peng or Everlasting Peace in Chinese 3 Boo ruled Yong Peng according to the Kangchu or headman system where the Chinese word Kang means river while Chu means house But essentially Chu is the clan name of the first headman in charge of the plantations in the area When more Chinese of other dialects began moving to Yong Peng the settlement was also expanded further up the river opening up two more areas one was Mah Kau Kang and the other one was Seng Kang now Kangkar Bahru During this time Sungai Bekok river was navigable by small ocean going steamers Local produce such as pepper and gambir were transported by boat to Batu Pahat and some to as far as Singapore the whole journey taking about 16 days Kangchu Boo would also give a yearly report of Yong Peng to Sultan Abu Bakar In order to keep law and order one Malay by the name of Ismail was appointed the policeman of Yong Peng Minor offences were dealt with by Kangchu Boo whilst more serious ones were sent to the magistrate s court in Batu Pahat Kangchu Boo died in 1907 at the age of 76 His body was buried in Tang Hak old name for Jalan Masjid It is around Jalan Ann Peng After his death his son Kangchu Boo Koh Soon Meng took over at the young age of 25 He ruled for about 35 years until his death in 1942 As he did not have a son the Kangchu system also began to decline and it was also in the same year Yong Peng was conquered by the Japanese Emergency Period Edit After World War II the British returned to power However conflict with the Communist Party of Malaya their former ally during the Japanese occupation emerged In 1950 in order to contain the communist insurgency the British instituted as part of the Briggs Plan the policy of forced relocation of large number of people and moved them into specially created settlements called New Villages This strategy was to prevent Communist sympathisers from supporting and supplying food to the insurgents These camps were surrounded by barb wires and guarded day and night Other than night curfews residents of the camp were also strictly prohibited from carrying additional food or tools in or out of the camp Curfews would commence at 6 o clock in the evening and ended at 6 the next morning In Yong Peng a few thousand squatters who were living and cultivating along isolated jungle fringes were thus resettled in the new village So Jalan Templer in Yong Peng was named after the then British High Commissioner General Gerald Templer who was known for making this famous remark The answer to the uprising lies not in pouring more troops into the jungle but in the hearts and minds of the people Lapping 224 In order to win the hearts and minds of these new villagers at this time Malaysia s first Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman also visited Yong Peng and opened the Yong Peng Chinese High School In 1952 when the local council of Yong Peng was established Jalan Ah Loh was named in memory of Kangchu Boo Koh Ah Loh 巫许亚鲁 Yong Peng was also disturbed by the racial riots mostly took place in Kuala Lumpur during the May 13 event in 1969 Luckily the Chinese Penghulu Head Villager from Yong Peng and the Malay Penghulus from the surrounding Kampungs had a relatively good relationship and working together they cobbled several arrangements that help prevent the severe bloodshed seen in other urban areas Then in the mid 1970s the town was again affected by gang fights among rival gangster groups which usually took place at night outside the only cinema in Yong Peng at Jalan Templer Peace was again restored when ASP Mokhtaruddin Yunus dubbed by the locals as Justice Pao was sent to Yong Peng Within weeks he was able to maintain law and order and until today many locals still remember him fondly as a strict and incorruptible policeman who came to save Yong Peng Today most of these Chinese around are now in the fourth generation and have been thoroughly integrated as part of the Malaysian society 3 Administration Edit Yong Peng District Council Administrative map of Yong Peng District Council in Johor It is administered by the Yong Peng District Council Majlis Daerah Yong Peng MDYP previously known as Eastern Batu Pahat District Council The district council is autonomous from Batu Pahat Town and it administers Yong Peng town and the adjacent neighbourhoods of Ayer Hitam and Tanjung Sembrong It was established on 1 September 1979 Politics EditYong Peng has its own constituency in the Johor State Legislative Assembly currently held by Chew Peck Choo of the DAP 4 On the federal level Yong Peng is part of the Ayer Hitam parliamentary constituency It is currently represented by Wee Ka Siong of the Barisan Nasional opposition coalition 5 Demographics EditMore than half of the local residents are of Chinese origin whose forefathers migrated from southern China in the 1880s The rest are Malays and Indians who mainly reside in the surrounding Yong Peng areas Other than Malay the other main language used is Mandarin with an accent strongly influenced by the Fuzhou and Hokkien Dialects Chinese make up the majority of the population at 60 followed by the Malays at 32 Indians at 7 6 Economy EditIndustrial areas in Yong Peng are Ayer Hitam Ayer Hitam Yong Peng Street Yong Peng Town and Seri Wangi Industrial Areas 7 Education EditPrimary School Yong Peng has One Chinese and two Government run National School schools where Malay is the primary medium Sekolah Kebangsaan Seri Bertam and Sekolah Rendah Kebangsaan Yong Peng SRKYP SRKYP was the smallest of the three primary school It was originally part of a missionary school Anglican Church with an emphasis on the use of English as a teaching medium As a result the students and teachers there have been known to be relatively more well verse in the use of English Not long after independence it was converted to a National School where the Malay language is used as the primary medium instead Secondary School Yong Peng has one Chinese Independent school Yong Peng High School and two government run National schools Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Yong Peng SMYP amp SMK Dato Seth SMYP was the biggest of the three It has students from all the three primary schools in Yong Peng and also from the surrounding areas such as Lam Lee Kangkar Baru Parit Yanni and even as far as Sri Medan Food Edit Fuzhou style bread Yong Peng is known for its Fuzhou 福州 style cuisine This would include HockChew Chow Mien handmade noodles that are first boiled then stir fried HockChew Egg Soup HockChew FishBall one of the bounciest fishballs with fish on the outside and pork on the inside Fermented Red Rice Wine Chicken Fermented Red Rice Wine Noodles HockChew Square Bread typically pork fat or meat is added as filling and HockChew plain bread also known as Yong Peng bread round shaped yeast bread that is available as plain with sesame seed sweet or salted no fillings within The aforesaid are all classically unique food only available in Yong Peng Of course there are other nice adapted Chinese food too The Duck Noodle near Tian Hou Gong temple Laksa served in Thai style where you could choose to add your own curry amp chili powder near the old cinema Lu Mien dark noodles cooked with black vinegar near the Eastern Garden Fish Ball amp Fish Cakes from Yuen Yuen restaurant are some of the old favorites Even some of the stalls in Jalan Meng Seng near the Pasar served pretty good food too Even muar famous handmade food otak otak is now can be found in yong peng from a newly set out outlet AH JIE otak otak opposite the RONG CHENG restaurant AH JIE otak shop is famous with handmade otak otak in frozen packet seremban SiewBao pineapple tart Matisu popiah otak setiawan misua TAN KIM HOCK product There is plenty of local Malay and Indian food stalls warung One famous place is near the wet market where people usually go for breakfast It is famous for its nasi lemak lontong and mee goreng fried noodle Malay stype The Rendang Kari Ekor Ox Tail Soup and Roti Canai are all wonderful additions to the local cuisine Tourist attractions EditFortune Dragon 转运祥龙 built by Che Ann Khor Yong Peng Association 德教会紫安阁 Tian Pao Kong Temple 永平天保宫 famous for the 68 feet tall Ji Gong bronze statue JAWATANKUASA PENGURUSAN RUMAH BERHALA GUA NAGA HITAM 柔佛州永平黒龍洞三聖公神廟 Transportation EditYong Peng has two main interchanges on North South Expressway including north to Kuala Lumpur and south to Johor Bahru The old north south trunk road the highway runs through downtown Yong Peng PLUS has an exit serving Yong Peng town Connection to Muar Parit Sulong and Batu Pahat is possible via highway while access to Kluang and Mersing is through the interchange with the Batu Pahat Kluang Jemaluang highway highway near Ayer Hitam References Edit a b Yong Peng Johor Retrieved 2016 09 08 Portal Rasmi Majlis Daerah Yong Peng MDYP Retrieved 2016 09 08 a b c d Tan Kor Mee Roger 7 November 2007 The best place to be on earth New Straits Times Retrieved 8 September 2016 Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Johor DAPMalaysia org Retrieved 8 January 2016 Ahli Parlimen Portal Rasmi Parlimen Malaysia Retrieved 8 January 2016 undi info undi info Retrieved 2016 09 08 http jpbd johor gov my images jpbd DokumenTerbitan Handbook pdfExternal links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Yong Peng Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yong Peng www johordt gov my mdyp content view 18 34 http www chinapress com my content new asp dt 2010 10 19 amp sec local amp art 1019lj05 txt permanent dead link Neighbouring towns Edit Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yong Peng amp oldid 1040685909, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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