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York, Pennsylvania

This article is about the Pennsylvania city. For other uses, see York, Pennsylvania (disambiguation).

York (Pennsylvania German: Yarrick), known as the White Rose City (after the symbol of the House of York), is the county seat of York County, Pennsylvania, United States, located in the south-central region of the state. The population within York's city limits was 43,718 at the 2010 census, a 7.0% increase from the 2000 census count of 40,862. When combined with the adjacent boroughs of West York and North York and surrounding Spring Garden, West Manchester, and Springettsbury townships, the population of Greater York was 108,386. York is the 11th largest city in Pennsylvania.

York, Pennsylvania
Clockwise from top left: Appell Center for the Performing Arts, William Goodridge house, York Friends Meeting House, and welcome sign
Nickname(s):
The White Rose City
Location in York County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
York
Location in Pennsylvania
Show map of Pennsylvania
York
York (the United States)
Show map of the United States
Coordinates:39°57′46″N76°43′41″W /39.96278°N 76.72806°W /39.96278; -76.72806Coordinates: 39°57′46″N76°43′41″W /39.96278°N 76.72806°W /39.96278; -76.72806
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyYork
Laid out1741
- BoroughSeptember 24, 1787
- CityJanuary 11, 1887
Government
MayorMichael Helfrich (D)
Area
City5.34 sq mi (13.84 km2)
• Land5.29 sq mi (13.71 km2)
• Water0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Population
City44,800
• Density8,389.5/sq mi (3,237.0/km2)
Urban
232,045
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
• Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
17401, 17403, 17404, 17405
Area code(s)717 and 223
FIPS code42-87048
Websitewww.yorkcity.org

Contents

Architecture

York Friends Meeting House

The city has been called an "architectural museum," because the downtown features numerous well-preserved historic structures, such as the 1741 Golden Plough Tavern, the 1751 General Horatio Gates House, the 1766 York Meetinghouse, the 1863 Billmeyer House, the 1888 York Central Market, and the 1907 Moorish Revival Temple Beth Israel. Other notable buildings are the Laurel-Rex Fire Company House, Forry House, Farmers Market, Barnett Bobb House, Cookes House, United Cigar Manufacturing Company building, Stevens School, York Dispatch Newspaper Offices, and York Armory.

The city is home to four national historic districts: Fairmount Historic District, Northwest York Historic District, Springdale Historic District, and York Historic District.

18th century

York, also known as Yorktown in the mid 18th to early 19th centuries, was founded in 1741 by settlers from the Philadelphia region and named for the English city of the same name. By 1777, most of the area residents were of either German or Scots-Irish descent. York was incorporated as a borough on September 24, 1787, and as a city on January 11, 1887.

York served as the temporary capital of the Continental Congress from September 30, 1777, to June 27, 1778, during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783). Congress drafted and adopted the Articles of Confederation in York, though they were not ratified until March 1781. Congress met at the Court House (built 1754, demolished 1841, and rebuilt 1976 as Colonial Court House).

York styles itself the first Capital of the United States, although historians generally consider it to be the fourth capital, after Philadelphia, Baltimore and (for one day) Lancaster. The claim arises from the assertion that the Articles of Confederation was the first legal document to refer to the colonies as "the United States of America". The argument depends on whether the Declaration of Independence, which also uses the term, would be considered a true legal document of the United States, being drafted under and in opposition to British rule. This does not, however, prevent modern businesses and organizations in the York area, such as the First Capital Dispensing Co., First Capital Engineering and First Capital Federal Credit Union from using the name.

The Conway Cabal, a political intrigue against General George Washington, had its origins in the Golden Plough Tavern in York.

19th century

According to U.S. census reports from 1800 through 1840, York ranked within the nation's top 100 most populous urban areas.

Home of William C. Goodridge, a successful black businessman who ran an Underground Railway station

During the American Civil War (1861–1865), York became the largest Northern town to be occupied by the Confederate army when the division of Major General Jubal Anderson Early spent June 28–30, 1863, in and around the town while the brigade of John B. Gordon marched to the Susquehanna River at Wrightsville and back. Early laid York under tribute and collected food, supplies, clothing, shoes, and $28,000 in cash from citizens and merchants before departing westward obeying the revised orders of Robert E. Lee. The sprawling York U.S. Army Hospital on Penn Commons served thousands of Union soldiers wounded at the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg.

In the Postbellum era (1865–1877), York remained a regional center for local agriculture, but increasingly became an important industrial center, with such industries as steam engines, railroad manufacturing, and papermaking coming to the forefront. York also features some unique architecture ranging from colonial era buildings to large gothic churches.

20th century

Six-wheeled Pullman Automobile

The York Motor Car Co. built Pullman automobiles on North George St. from 1905 thorough 1917. An early and unique six-wheeled prototype was involved in one of the city's first known automobile accidents. Another model was driven to San Francisco and back over about one month to prove its reliability several years before the creation of the Lincoln Highway which ran through town, connecting New York and San Francisco.

The York area had also been home for more than 100 years to the Pfaltzgraff company, which built its first pottery factory in the area in 1895 and continued manufacturing in York until 2005. Though now produced by the Hershey Company, the York Peppermint Pattie was created in York in 1940.

Throughout the middle 20th Century, the black residents of the city were subject to hostile racial prejudice and social injustices. Between 1955 and 1970, the people of York experienced racial discrimination leading to riots, most notably the 1969 York Race Riot, which resulted in the death of Lillie Belle Allen and Henry C. Schaad. These murders were largely left ignored until 31 years later, when allegations of murder and racial prejudice were raised against the mayor at the time, Charlie Robertson. Additionally, throughout the entire century, the city commonly held unopposed Ku Klux Klan rallies and public meetings, despite continuous racial tensions. Though the murders of Allen and Schaad were solved and the perpetrators were apprehended, the actions, which originate back to the beginnings of the hate group, continue to present day.

21st century

In 2002, the city faced a budget shortfall of $1,000,000. Mayor John S. Brenner's plan to raise the money by asking York County's 302,000 adult residents to donate $3.32 to the city received national attention. The plan, referred to by some as the "Big Mac" Plan, did not raise all the monies sought.

After many years of attempting to secure funding for a stadium and a baseball team to play in it, the first decade of the century saw York realize both goals. In 2007, Santander Stadium, home of the York Revolution, opened in the Arch Street neighborhood. The stadium, along with other large projects such as the York County Judicial Center and the Codo 241 luxury apartment lofts, symbolizes York's extensive redevelopment efforts

Politics

York was featured during the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election, when National Public Radio's Michele Norris and Steve Inskeep chose to showcase the city in "The York Project: Race & the '08 Vote." The program was aired as a 7-part series and featured different York citizens discussing race relations, racial perceptions, and the emotions inspired by the 2008 election. Norris stated that York was chosen due to its central location in a battleground state, its rich history (including its strained race relations), and demographics. On June 19, 2009, Norris announced on the air that she was taking time off to write a book inspired by her conversations "with a diverse group of voters" in York, and The Grace of Silence: A Memoir was published in September 2010.

In 2009, Kim Bracey won the Democratic primary and became the favored candidate for mayor. She won the general election in November against Republican opponent Wendell Banks and took office on the first Monday in 2010 as the city's first African-American and second woman mayor. Bracey won reelection in November 2013 against Libertarian challenger Dave Moser.

Michael Helfrich defeated Bracey by only 133 votes in 2017. A Democratic city council president, Helfrich ran for mayor as a Republican after losing the Democratic primary election to Bracey by just over 300 votes. Helfrich was inaugurated as mayor on January 2, 2018.

York is home to dental equipment and false teeth giant, Dentsply Sirona. Though founded in New York by four men, the company moved its headquarters to the site of its factory in the 1900s, where it was run by one of the four founders, George H. Whiteley. Whiteley was an experienced ceramist who was familiar with the process of making artificial teeth. Whiteley was sent by the group to oversee the factory and his family presided over the factory for multiple generations. Dentsply Sirona is a NASDAQ listed company, and internationally known throughout the dentistry business.

York Barbell, located in Manchester Township, is a reseller of barbells and other equipment for weight training and bodybuilding, and is the home of the USA Weightlifting Hall of Fame. A large Harley-Davidson motorcycle factory, which employs roughly half of Harley's production workforce, is located just northeast of York in Springettsbury Township.

The York area is home to two major manufacturers of modern hydro-power water turbines, Voith Hydro in West Manchester Township and American Hydro in Hellam Township, both of which manufacture enormous parts in their plants.

Spring Garden Township, directly south of York, is headquarters to York International, a Johnson Controls Company and one of the largest suppliers of HVAC systems in the United States. On February 2, 1998, a massive explosion occurred at the York International plant. A spark had set off a leak in the nearby propane storage house. The blast was felt up to 25 miles away, and blew out windows nearby as well as knocking down doors. About 20 people were injured in the blast and one person was killed, as the explosion occurred during a shift change.

The Stauffer Biscuit Company (owned by Meiji Seika of Japan since February 2004) is rooted in York and has produced animal crackers since 1871; it is currently based in Spring Garden Township. Just north of York in East Manchester Township is one of only four Starbucks roasting facilities in the world. The York area also boasts a BAE Systems facility in West Manchester Township which assembles various military tanks and equipment.

The Glatfelter manufacturing company, founded in 1864, is headquartered in York, though announced in February 2020 its plans to relocate to Charlotte, North Carolina in mid-year. Glatfelter had sold its nearby Spring Grove paper mill in 2018.

Christmas Tree Hill, a popular national Christmas, home decor, and gift retailer, is based in York since its founding in 1971. Their flagship location is housed in the historic Meadowbrook Mansion, constructed in East York in the early 1800s. The six columns on the mansion's front porch were reused from the second York County Courthouse cupola, which had been at 28 East Market Street from 1841 until taken down in 1898 to make room for the third courthouse.

York is located at 39°57′46″N76°43′41″W /39.96278°N 76.72806°W /39.96278; -76.72806 (39.962692, −76.728043).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.2 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.14%) is water.

York has a humid continental climate (Dfa) with hot, humid summers and moderately cold winters. The mean annual precipitation total of 41.1 inches (1,040 millimeters) is fairly evenly spread throughout the year, and falls on an average of 126.6 days per annum. Record temperatures from the York COOP range from 107 °F (42 °C), set on July 2, 1901, down to −21 °F (−29 °C), recorded on January 28, 1925, and January 21, 1994; at York Airport, with a considerably shorter period of record, the range is 100 °F (38 °C), set on July 22, 2011, down to −12 °F (−24 °C) as recently as March 6–7, 2015. The York COOP also holds the official statewide 24-hour precipitation record of 13.5 in (340 mm) set on June 22, 1972, due to the impact of Hurricane Agnes.

Climate data for York Airport, Pennsylvania (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1997–present); elevation 390 ft
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
75
(24)
86
(30)
91
(33)
93
(34)
96
(36)
100
(38)
99
(37)
95
(35)
90
(32)
84
(29)
78
(26)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 38.6
(3.7)
41.7
(5.4)
51.5
(10.8)
63.0
(17.2)
72.5
(22.5)
81.1
(27.3)
84.8
(29.3)
83.5
(28.6)
75.9
(24.4)
65.7
(18.7)
54.4
(12.4)
42.3
(5.7)
63.0
(17.2)
Average low °F (°C) 20.6
(−6.3)
22.3
(−5.4)
29.3
(−1.5)
39.0
(3.9)
48.9
(9.4)
58.7
(14.8)
62.8
(17.1)
60.7
(15.9)
52.8
(11.6)
41.4
(5.2)
33.9
(1.1)
24.6
(−4.1)
41.3
(5.2)
Record low °F (°C) −12
(−24)
−12
(−24)
−12
(−24)
17
(−8)
28
(−2)
39
(4)
44
(7)
42
(6)
32
(0)
22
(−6)
12
(−11)
−10
(−23)
−12
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.93
(74)
2.73
(69)
3.51
(89)
3.44
(87)
3.98
(101)
3.34
(85)
3.69
(94)
3.57
(91)
4.26
(108)
3.26
(83)
3.46
(88)
2.97
(75)
41.14
(1,045)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.9
(23)
8.1
(21)
3.5
(8.9)
0.5
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2.0)
3.2
(8.1)
25.0
(64)
Average precipitation days(≥ 0.01 in) 10.0 9.8 11.1 12.1 12.8 11.7 10.9 10.0 9.5 8.4 10.3 10.0 126.6
Average snowy days(≥ 0.1 in) 3.8 2.7 1.5 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 1.7 10.5
Source: NOAA (snow, precipitation days, and snow days from York 3 SSW Pump Station COOP)
Location of the York–Hanover–Gettysburg CSA and its components:
York–Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area
Gettysburg Micropolitan Statistical Area
Historical population
Census Pop.
17902,096
18002,50319.4%
18102,84713.7%
18203,1079.1%
18304,21635.7%
18404,77913.4%
18506,80342.4%
18608,60326.5%
187011,00327.9%
188013,94026.7%
189020,79349.2%
190033,70862.1%
191044,75032.8%
192047,5126.2%
193055,25416.3%
194056,7122.6%
195059,9535.7%
196054,504−9.1%
197050,008−8.2%
198044,619−10.8%
199042,192−5.4%
200040,862−3.2%
201043,7187.0%
202044,8002.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

York is the largest principal city of the York–Hanover–Gettysburg CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the York–Hanover metropolitan area (York County) and the Gettysburg micropolitan area (Adams County), which had a combined population of 473,043 at the 2000 census.

2010

As of the 2010 census, the city was 51.2% White, 28.0% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.2% Asian, and 6.3% were two or more races. 28.5% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 40,862 people, 16,137 households, and 9,246 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,852.2 inhabitants per square mile (3,031.8/km2). There were 18,534 housing units at an average density of 3,561.6/sq mi (1,375.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 59.75% White, 25.13% African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.40% from other races, and 3.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.19% of the population.

There were 16,137 households, out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.0% were married couples living together, 20.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,475, and the median income for a family was $30,762. Males had a median income of $26,792 versus $20,612 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,439. About 20.0% of families and 23.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.8% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Fairgrounds and vendors

Much of York's culture represents the city's evolving role as an agricultural and industrial center. The historic York State Fair, which claims to be the country's oldest, traces its roots to 1765. It runs every year in late July for 10 days, encompassing an entire week and two weekends. In addition to typical fair attractions, such as rides, games and contests, it also wins regional recognition for hosting many musical artists, such as Alabama, Gretchen Wilson, Carrie Underwood, Toby Keith, and Lynyrd Skynyrd.

For a more comprehensive list, see List of performers at the York State Fair.

The fairgrounds, branded the York Expo Center, also hosts the annual National Street Rod Association Street Rod Nationals East, the largest annual street rod event in the Eastern US. The event brings thousands of street rods into the city for a few days in June. On Friday afternoon the city holds a parade through the center of the city for participating vehicles.

York City Recreation and Parks helps sponsor the Olde York Street Fair each year on Mothers Day, the second Sunday of May – a tradition since the early 1980s. In recent years more than 150 art, craft and food vendors have lined Market and George streets. Average attendance was 60,000 people as of 2004, according to city officials.

Theatre

Part of York's Appell Center for the Performing Arts in 2007

York is home to DreamWrights Center for Community Arts, The Belmont Theatre, The Pullo Center at Penn State York, and the Appell Center for the Performing Arts (formerly Strand-Capitol Performing Arts Center), which brings many nationally acclaimed acts to the York area. Performers here have included Kenny G, Bill Cosby, B.B. King, Béla Fleck, and George Carlin. The historic Capitol Theatre also features many independent and foreign films, making it the only venue in York (and sometimes the entire Susquehanna Valley) to feature some rare, yet critically acclaimed films. The Strand Studio has also branched out and offers live music, usually jazz & acoustic, for the community. In 2017, DreamWrights underwent the largest renovation in its 20-year history, adding a second performance space among other improvements.

Heritage

The York County History Center (YCHC) is a not-for-profit educational institution that preserves and uses its collections, historic sites, and museums to encourage exploration of the history and culture of York County, Pennsylvania. YCHC maintains eight historical sites that demonstrate 300 years of York County's history. The YCHC was founded in 1999 after a merger of the Historical Society of York County and the Agricultural and Industrial Museum of York County (AIM). Currently, the YCHC historical sites include the Worker's House (c. 1875), Golden Plough Tavern (c.1741), the Barnett Bobb Log House (1812), the Bonham House (c.1885) and old Eastern Market House (c.1886). In 1992, AIM acquired an industrial complex consisting of six buildings (c.1874 to 1955); three of the buildings were renovated and now house the industrial portion of the collection. The YCHC hosts a variety of events throughout the year, and holds the rights to the Murals of York, a group of murals that depict York's history. The History Center purchased a former Met-Ed steam plant in York in late 2015, and plans to turn it into a new history center. In 2016, what was the York County Heritage Trust rebranded as the York County History Center.[citation needed]

Music

The York Factory Whistle holds the world record for the loudest music without amplification from a non-musical instrument. Every Christmas Eve the whistle uses a compressor to create air pressure, then releases it through a series of tubes using a device much like a slide whistle. (Prior to 2010, the pressure was created using steam produced by a boiler.) The music has had a loudness of 140 dB and can be heard 10 to 12 miles away with proper weather conditions. Various Christmas music is played for a short time around midnight. It is thought that this annual tradition was started around 1925. Other sources put the tradition back to at least 1888. After the hosting New York Wire Cloth Company plant closed in 2013, Metso moved the whistle to their factory in York and the annual concert tradition has continued. Metso announced in August 2015 that it would close its York plant by the end of March 2016. As of December 2017, the building was still owned by Metso and the annual 25-minute York Factory Whistle Concert remained scheduled, along with two daytime rehearsal sessions. By December 2018, the hosting factory building was owned by 240 Arch LLC, and the air compressor (to be moved there for rehearsals and the concert) is trailer-mounted. Another early Christmas concert and Saturday-before practice were announced for 2019.

The alternative rock band Live is from York. Many of Live's songs are about the town including "Shit Towne" from their most successful album Throwing Copper.

York is home to many veteran as well as up-and-coming talented artists and musicians from all genres including funk, blues, jazz, rock, experimental, country, and bluegrass. The rock band Hexbelt is known for its brand of "Susquehanna Hexbelt Swing" music. York hosts a variety of open mics and underground venues such as the Sign of the Wagon and The Depot. Astro Lasso, an electronic indie pop band from York managed by Frankie Muniz, toured with We the Kings in 2017.

Shopping

The area's main shopping centers are York Galleria and West Manchester Town Center.

William Penn Senior High School on Penn Commons

York and the surrounding area are served by the York City, Dallastown, Eastern York, West York, Central York, York Suburban, Southern York County, Red Lion, Northeastern York, Dover, Hanover, South Western, Spring Grove, York County School of Technology and South Eastern public school districts. Some of the private Christian schools in the area include, Christian School of York, Shrewsbury Christian Academy, and York Catholic High School.

There are also a number of charter schools in the area. Lincoln Charter School was established in 2000, Helen Thackston Charter School in 2009, and York Academy Regional Charter School in 2011.

The city is home to York College of Pennsylvania, which was founded in 1787; Penn State York; YTI Career Institute (YTI), which offers accredited technology- and business-based degree programs; Yorktowne Business Institute (YBI) & School of Culinary Arts, which offers accredited degree and diploma programs in the Business, Medical and Culinary fields; York Time Institute; HACC's York Campus; and The Art Institute of York-Pennsylvania, formerly Bradley Academy for the Visual Arts.

York Fire Headquarters on South Duke Street

The city of York is served by the city of York Fire Department (YFD). The YFD operates out of four fire stations, located throughout the city, and maintains a fire apparatus fleet of 6 engines, 2 trucks, 1 service, and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. The YFD responds to approximately 2,700 emergency calls annually.

Station locations and apparatus

Engine Company Truck Company Reserve/Special Unit Chief Address
Engine 99-1 Engine 99-6 (Spare) Duty Officer 49 S. Duke St.
Truck 99-1 Service 99–1, Service 99–2, Truck 99-2 (Spare) 273 W. Market St.
Engine 99-5 Engine 99-7 (Spare) 833 E. Market St.
Engine 99-9 Engine 99-3 (Spare) 800 Roosevelt Ave.
Club League Sport Venue Capacity Founded Championships
York Revolution ALPB Baseball PeoplesBank Park 5,200 2007 (3) 2010, 2011, 2017
York Buccaneers ABA Basketball Voni Grimes Gym 200 2015

Baseball

The York Revolution plays in the independent Atlantic League of Professional Baseball. After 36 years without professional baseball, the Revolution arrived in 2007 to fill the void left by the departed York White Roses. The Revolution are named after the city's colonial past, when the Continental Congress met in York and passed the Articles of Confederation during the Revolutionary War. The Revolution continue the old baseball rivalry between York and the nearby city of Lancaster. The Revolution play at PeoplesBank Park in York's Arch Street neighborhood. The stadium features a plaza and statue in honor of MLB Hall of Fame third baseman Brooks Robinson, a one-time member of the aforementioned White Roses, with whom he made his professional baseball debut in 1955. Robinson currently serves as a special assistant and advisor to Opening Day Partners, the group largely responsible for bringing professional baseball back to York.

PeoplesBank Park has the distinction of having the tallest wall in baseball. At 37 feet, 8 inches, the left field wall of York's ballpark surpasses the height of the Green Monster at Fenway Park, the home of the Boston Red Sox.

Football

The people of York (the White Rose City) and the similar city of Lancaster (the Red Rose City) across the Susquehanna River often engage in rivalry and competition that has its roots in the Wars of the Roses. Both cities take their names from the English cities, York and Lancaster, from which the opposing royal houses took their names in the 15th-century wars.

The War of the Roses All-Star Game is played in York every year over the weekend of Thanksgiving. The game pits the best high school football players in their senior seasons from the York-Adams League against a similar team from the Lancaster-Lebanon League. As the game only involves seniors and occurs during the first weekend of the PIAA District 3 football playoffs (players on teams which qualify for the playoffs do not participate), it is the final high school football game for each of the participants.

Former Minnesota Vikings, Atlanta Falcons, and San Francisco 49ers defensive lineman Chris Doleman graduated from York's William Penn High School. York was the birthplace of former New York Giants Linebacker Andre Powell, former Miami Dolphins running back Woodrow (Woody) Bennett, former Los Angeles Raiders and Atlanta Falcons Tackle/Guard Lincoln Kennedy and former Atlanta Falcons safety Omar Brown. Tampa Bay Buccaneers head coach, Bruce Arians, is also a graduate of William Penn Senior High School (1970). New York Giants Offensive Tackle William Beatty is also a York, Pennsylvania native. Former Pittsburgh Steelers fullback Jon Witman graduated from Eastern York High School.

The York Capitals indoor football team was founded in 2012 and began play with the American Indoor Football league in April 2013. The team moved to Harrisburg after its 2015 league championship and was renamed the Central Penn Capitals before it folded in 2016.

Other sports

The Bob Hoffman Auditorium at York Barbell hosts a variety of powerlifting, Olympic lifting, strongman and bodybuilding competitions and shows.

York is home to the "Plywood Hoods", a group of BMX freestylers, including Kevin Jones, who gained broad acclaim in the 1980s and 1990s.

York is also the home of the York County Silver Bullets semiprofessional football team (Colonial Football Alliance). In their 2006 inaugural season, they had a record of 5–5 and gained a playoff berth, though lost in the first round.

"The Pogo Squad", a group of about twelve extreme pogo performers, is located in York. They participate in area events, including the York St. Patrick's Day Parade, and perform shows. A photo of one member's pogo stunt against a sunset background won first place out of over 800 entries in a 2007 York newspaper photo contest.

York was home to the Thunder D'ohm Skateboard Park, now defunct. There has been a new park built entitled "Reid Menzer Memorial Skatepark", named for a York Catholic High School student who was killed riding a skateboard like a streetluge.

York US30 was a drag strip just outside York. It held the 1965 Super Stock championships – "the largest one day drag race" in the United States. An annual Musclecar Madness event is held in York to commemorate the defunct strip.

York will host the 2019 PDGA Amateur Disc Golf World Championships, having won against six other tournament-hosting bids. The tournament director will be Chas Ford. Disc golf courses to be used include those at Gifford Pinchot State Park, Codorus State Park, Muddy Run, and more. The week-long event will take place in mid-July.

The old York Dispatch Building

York is unusual in that it supports two daily newspapers, despite its relatively small size. The York Daily Record/Sunday News is published mornings, seven days a week, and The York Dispatch is published Monday through Friday afternoons. The Daily Record/Sunday News currently has the lead in terms of circulations of the daily newspapers.

The York area is part of the Susquehanna Valley (Harrisburg/Lancaster/Lebanon/York) media market. Of the major television network affiliates in this media market, only one, the Fox affiliate WPMT 43, has its base of operations in York. Other stations in the market include NBC affiliate WGAL 8, Comet affiliate WXBU 15, CBS/MyNetworkTV/CW affiliate WHP-TV 21, ABC affiliate WHTM-TV 27, and PBS member station WITF-TV 33, all of which are from Harrisburg except WGAL which is from Lancaster. It is also not uncommon for York residents to receive some stations from the Baltimore, Maryland media market, due to its proximity to the south of York.

York has a Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV station called WRCT (White Rose Community Television) wrct.tv which used to be YCAT (York Community Access Television).

The pop music radio station, WSBA AM 910, achieved high ratings in not only York, but also in nearby Harrisburg and Lancaster, during the 1960s and 1970s. WSBA, now a news-talk station, was well known for being the flagship station of Susquehanna Broadcasting, which had its corporate offices in York, as well.

Other radio stations in York include WVYC from York College, WARM FM, WQXA FM, and WOYK.

FM stations in the greater York, Pennsylvania metropolitan area include:

Callsign MHz Band "Name" Format, Owner City of license HD-Radio Multicasting
WDCV 88.3 FM Indie/College Rock, Dickinson College Carlisle
WXPH 88.7 FM WXPN relay, University of Pennsylvania Harrisburg
WSYC 88.7 FM Alternative, Shippensburg University Shippensburg
WITF-FM 89.5 FM NPR Harrisburg Yes Yes
WJTL 90.3 FM Christian Lancaster
WVMM 90.7 FM Indie/College Rock, Messiah College Grantham No
WJAZ 91.7 FM WRTI relay, Classical/Jazz, Temple University Harrisburg No
WKHL 92.1 FM "K-Love" Contemporary Christian Palmyra Yes No
WONN-FM 92.7 FM "ESPN Radio" Sports Starview No
WPOC 93.1 FM Country Baltimore, MD Yes Yes
WZCY-FM 93.5 FM "Nash FM" Country Mechanicsburg Yes No
WDAC 94.5 FM Christian Lancaster Yes Yes
WRBT 94.9 FM "Bob" Country Harrisburg Yes Yes
WSOX 96.1 FM Oldies York Yes No
WLAN 96.9 FM "FM 97" Top 40 Lancaster No
WRVV 97.3 FM "The River" Classic Hits and the Best of Today's Rock Harrisburg Yes Yes
WIYY 97.9 FM "98 Rock" Rock Baltimore, MD Yes Yes
WYCR 98.5 FM 98.5 The Peak York No
WQLV 98.9 FM "Love 99" Adult Contemporary Millersburg No
WHKF 99.3 FM REAL 99.3 Central PA's Hip Hop and R&B Urban Contemporary Harrisburg Yes Yes
WVYC 99.7 FM Indie/College Rock, York College York, PA No Yes
WFRE 99.9 FM "Free Country" Frederick, MD Yes Yes
WFVY 100.1 FM Adult Contemporary Lebanon
WROZ 101.3 FM "The Rose" Adult Contemporary Lancaster Yes No
WARM 103.3 FM "Warm 103" Adult Contemporary York Yes No
WNNK 104.1 FM "Wink 104" Hot AC Harrisburg Yes No
WAYZ 104.7 FM Country Hagerstown, MD No
WQXA 105.7 FM "105.7 The X" Hard Rock York No
WWKL 106.7 FM "Hot 106.7" CHR Hershey No
WGTY 107.7 FM "Great Country" Gettysburg No
A "welcome sign" featuring York's twinned cities

York is officially twinned with:

Bus service

York is served, through public transportation, by Rabbit Transit, which operates multiple bus routes in the city and the surrounding suburbs. In 2006 a rabbitEXPRESS bus route was established to transport commuters to Harrisburg and back, making six round trips weekdays. Rabbit Transit introduced a new route on February 2, 2009, that provides three daily round trips between York and Timonium, Maryland. The $5 fare each way covers 80% of the operating costs.

In addition to Rabbit Transit the city has a Greyhound/Trailways bus depot where service through Harrisburg to Syracuse, or to Baltimore and Washington, D.C. is provided by Greyhound Lines. Bieber Transportation Group formerly provided service to New York City along a route running by way of Lancaster, Reading, and Philadelphia and a route running by way of Lancaster, Reading, and the Lehigh Valley until service was discontinued on April 1, 2018. Intercity bus service to New York City was restored by OurBus on July 1, 2018.

Rail

Lancaster, 24 miles to the east, has frequent Amtrak train service to Philadelphia.

As recent as the late 1960s the station was the site of several train departures a day, run by the Pennsylvania Railroad heading north to Harrisburg and south, towards Baltimore and Washington, DC, including the Buffalo Day Express, the Northern Express, the Spirit of St. Louis and shuttle cars for the Penn Texas. The last Red Arrow bound for Detroit departed from York in the latter half of the 1950s. Rail advocates have suggested commuter rail service could be started between York and Philadelphia with much of the necessary infrastructure already in place, using SEPTA's system. Transportation planners say this is too expensive, with bus and van services more feasible. The former Pennsylvania Railroad station for York now lies along the York County Heritage Rail Trail across from the baseball park.

Major roads

Airports

York does not have any commercial airports, though the small York Airport (THV) is located 7 miles southwest in Thomasville. The nearest major airports are Baltimore-Washington International (BWI) and Harrisburg International Airport (MDT).

York is the hometown of the protagonist of John Grisham's 2009 novel The Associate. At the book's end, the protagonist happily abandons a well-paid but highly unpleasant job in a giant Wall Street law firm, returning to his hometown to work there with his lawyer father.

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Wikivoyage has a travel guide for York, PA.
Preceded by Capital of the United States
of America

1777–1778
Succeeded by

York, Pennsylvania
York Pennsylvania Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article is about the Pennsylvania city For other uses see York Pennsylvania disambiguation York Pennsylvania German Yarrick known as the White Rose City after the symbol of the House of York is the county seat of York County Pennsylvania United States 2 located in the south central region of the state The population within York s city limits was 43 718 at the 2010 census a 7 0 increase from the 2000 census count of 40 862 When combined with the adjacent boroughs of West York and North York and surrounding Spring Garden West Manchester and Springettsbury townships the population of Greater York was 108 386 York is the 11th largest city in Pennsylvania 3 York PennsylvaniaCityClockwise from top left Appell Center for the Performing Arts William Goodridge house York Friends Meeting House and welcome signNickname s The White Rose CityLocation in York County and the U S state of Pennsylvania YorkLocation in PennsylvaniaShow map of PennsylvaniaYorkYork the United States Show map of the United StatesCoordinates 39 57 46 N 76 43 41 W 39 96278 N 76 72806 W 39 96278 76 72806 Coordinates 39 57 46 N 76 43 41 W 39 96278 N 76 72806 W 39 96278 76 72806CountryUnited StatesStatePennsylvaniaCountyYorkLaid out1741 BoroughSeptember 24 1787 CityJanuary 11 1887Government MayorMichael Helfrich D Area 1 City5 34 sq mi 13 84 km2 Land5 29 sq mi 13 71 km2 Water0 05 sq mi 0 13 km2 Population 2020 City44 800 Density8 389 5 sq mi 3 237 0 km2 Urban232 045Time zoneUTC 5 EST Summer DST UTC 4 EDT ZIP code17401 17403 17404 17405Area code s 717 and 223FIPS code42 87048Websitewww wbr yorkcity wbr org Contents 1 History 1 1 Architecture 1 2 18th century 1 3 19th century 1 4 20th century 1 5 21st century 1 5 1 Politics 2 Local corporations and industry 3 Geography and climate 4 Demographics 4 1 2010 4 2 2000 5 Culture 5 1 Fairgrounds and vendors 5 2 Theatre 5 3 Heritage 5 4 Music 5 5 Shopping 6 Education 7 Fire department 7 1 Station locations and apparatus 8 Sports 8 1 Baseball 8 2 Football 8 3 Other sports 9 Media 10 Sister cities 11 Transportation 11 1 Bus service 11 2 Rail 11 3 Major roads 11 4 Airports 12 Notable people 13 In literature 14 References 15 External linksHistory EditArchitecture Edit Main article National Register of Historic Places listings in York County Pennsylvania York Friends Meeting House The city has been called an architectural museum 4 because the downtown features numerous well preserved historic structures such as the 1741 Golden Plough Tavern 5 the 1751 General Horatio Gates House 6 the 1766 York Meetinghouse 7 the 1863 Billmeyer House 8 the 1888 York Central Market 9 and the 1907 Moorish Revival Temple Beth Israel Other notable buildings are the Laurel Rex Fire Company House Forry House Farmers Market Barnett Bobb House Cookes House United Cigar Manufacturing Company building Stevens School York Dispatch Newspaper Offices and York Armory 10 The city is home to four national historic districts Fairmount Historic District Northwest York Historic District Springdale Historic District and York Historic District 10 18th century Edit York s Golden Plough Tavern York also known as Yorktown in the mid 18th to early 19th centuries was founded in 1741 by settlers from the Philadelphia region and named for the English city of the same name By 1777 most of the area residents were of either German or Scots Irish descent 11 York was incorporated as a borough on September 24 1787 and as a city on January 11 1887 York served as the temporary capital of the Continental Congress from September 30 1777 to June 27 1778 during the American Revolutionary War 1775 1783 Congress drafted and adopted the Articles of Confederation in York though they were not ratified until March 1781 Congress met at the Court House built 1754 demolished 1841 and rebuilt 1976 as Colonial Court House 12 York styles itself the first Capital of the United States although historians generally consider it to be the fourth capital after Philadelphia Baltimore and for one day Lancaster 13 The claim arises from the assertion that the Articles of Confederation was the first legal document to refer to the colonies as the United States of America 14 The argument depends on whether the Declaration of Independence which also uses the term would be considered a true legal document of the United States being drafted under and in opposition to British rule This does not however prevent modern businesses and organizations in the York area such as the First Capital Dispensing Co First Capital Engineering and First Capital Federal Credit Union from using the name The Conway Cabal a political intrigue against General George Washington had its origins in the Golden Plough Tavern in York 15 19th century Edit According to U S census reports from 1800 through 1840 York ranked within the nation s top 100 most populous urban areas Home of William C Goodridge a successful black businessman who ran an Underground Railway station During the American Civil War 1861 1865 York became the largest Northern town to be occupied by the Confederate army when the division of Major General Jubal Anderson Early spent June 28 30 1863 in and around the town while the brigade of John B Gordon marched to the Susquehanna River at Wrightsville and back Early laid York under tribute and collected food supplies clothing shoes and 28 000 in cash from citizens and merchants before departing westward obeying the revised orders of Robert E Lee The sprawling York U S Army Hospital on Penn Commons served thousands of Union soldiers wounded at the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg 16 In the Postbellum era 1865 1877 York remained a regional center for local agriculture but increasingly became an important industrial center with such industries as steam engines railroad manufacturing and papermaking coming to the forefront York also features some unique architecture ranging from colonial era buildings to large gothic churches 20th century Edit Six wheeled Pullman Automobile The York Motor Car Co built Pullman automobiles on North George St from 1905 thorough 1917 An early and unique six wheeled prototype was involved in one of the city s first known automobile accidents 17 Another model was driven to San Francisco and back over about one month to prove its reliability several years before the creation of the Lincoln Highway which ran through town connecting New York and San Francisco The York area had also been home for more than 100 years to the Pfaltzgraff company which built its first pottery factory in the area in 1895 and continued manufacturing in York until 2005 18 Though now produced by the Hershey Company the York Peppermint Pattie was created in York in 1940 19 Throughout the middle 20th Century the black residents of the city were subject to hostile racial prejudice and social injustices 20 Between 1955 and 1970 the people of York experienced racial discrimination leading to riots most notably the 1969 York Race Riot which resulted in the death of Lillie Belle Allen and Henry C Schaad These murders were largely left ignored until 31 years later when allegations of murder and racial prejudice were raised against the mayor at the time Charlie Robertson 21 Additionally throughout the entire century the city commonly held unopposed Ku Klux Klan rallies and public meetings despite continuous racial tensions 22 Though the murders of Allen and Schaad were solved and the perpetrators were apprehended the actions which originate back to the beginnings of the hate group continue to present day 23 21st century Edit In 2002 the city faced a budget shortfall of 1 000 000 Mayor John S Brenner s plan to raise the money by asking York County s 302 000 adult residents to donate 3 32 to the city received national attention 24 The plan referred to by some as the Big Mac Plan did not raise all the monies sought After many years of attempting to secure funding for a stadium and a baseball team to play in it the first decade of the century saw York realize both goals In 2007 Santander Stadium home of the York Revolution opened in the Arch Street neighborhood The stadium along with other large projects such as the York County Judicial Center and the Codo 241 luxury apartment lofts symbolizes York s extensive redevelopment efforts Politics Edit York was featured during the 2008 U S Presidential Election when National Public Radio s Michele Norris and Steve Inskeep chose to showcase the city in The York Project Race amp the 08 Vote The program was aired as a 7 part series and featured different York citizens discussing race relations racial perceptions and the emotions inspired by the 2008 election Norris stated that York was chosen due to its central location in a battleground state its rich history including its strained race relations and demographics 25 On June 19 2009 Norris announced on the air that she was taking time off to write a book inspired by her conversations with a diverse group of voters in York 26 and The Grace of Silence A Memoir was published in September 2010 27 In 2009 Kim Bracey won the Democratic primary and became the favored candidate for mayor She won the general election in November against Republican opponent Wendell Banks and took office on the first Monday in 2010 as the city s first African American and second woman mayor 28 Bracey won reelection in November 2013 against Libertarian challenger Dave Moser Michael Helfrich defeated Bracey by only 133 votes in 2017 A Democratic city council president Helfrich ran for mayor as a Republican after losing the Democratic primary election to Bracey by just over 300 votes 29 Helfrich was inaugurated as mayor on January 2 2018 Local corporations and industry EditYork is home to dental equipment and false teeth giant Dentsply Sirona Though founded in New York by four men the company moved its headquarters to the site of its factory in the 1900s where it was run by one of the four founders George H Whiteley Whiteley was an experienced ceramist who was familiar with the process of making artificial teeth Whiteley was sent by the group to oversee the factory and his family presided over the factory for multiple generations Dentsply Sirona is a NASDAQ listed company and internationally known throughout the dentistry business 30 31 32 York Barbell located in Manchester Township is a reseller of barbells and other equipment for weight training and bodybuilding and is the home of the USA Weightlifting Hall of Fame 33 A large Harley Davidson motorcycle factory which employs roughly half of Harley s production workforce is located just northeast of York in Springettsbury Township The York area is home to two major manufacturers of modern hydro power water turbines Voith Hydro in West Manchester Township 34 and American Hydro in Hellam Township 35 both of which manufacture enormous parts in their plants Spring Garden Township directly south of York is headquarters to York International a Johnson Controls Company and one of the largest suppliers of HVAC systems in the United States On February 2 1998 a massive explosion occurred at the York International plant A spark had set off a leak in the nearby propane storage house The blast was felt up to 25 miles away and blew out windows nearby as well as knocking down doors About 20 people were injured in the blast and one person was killed as the explosion occurred during a shift change 36 37 The Stauffer Biscuit Company owned by Meiji Seika of Japan since February 2004 is rooted in York and has produced animal crackers since 1871 it is currently based in Spring Garden Township 38 Just north of York in East Manchester Township is one of only four Starbucks roasting facilities in the world 39 The York area also boasts a BAE Systems facility in West Manchester Township which assembles various military tanks and equipment 40 The Glatfelter manufacturing company founded in 1864 is headquartered in York though announced in February 2020 its plans to relocate to Charlotte North Carolina in mid year Glatfelter had sold its nearby Spring Grove paper mill in 2018 41 Christmas Tree Hill a popular national Christmas home decor and gift retailer is based in York since its founding in 1971 Their flagship location is housed in the historic Meadowbrook Mansion constructed in East York in the early 1800s 42 The six columns on the mansion s front porch were reused from the second York County Courthouse cupola which had been at 28 East Market Street from 1841 until taken down in 1898 to make room for the third courthouse 43 Geography and climate EditYork is located at 39 57 46 N 76 43 41 W 39 96278 N 76 72806 W 39 96278 76 72806 39 962692 76 728043 According to the United States Census Bureau the city has a total area of 5 3 square miles 14 km2 of which 5 2 square miles 13 km2 of it is land and 0 1 square miles 0 26 km2 of it 1 14 is water York has a humid continental climate Dfa with hot humid summers and moderately cold winters The mean annual precipitation total of 41 1 inches 1 040 millimeters is fairly evenly spread throughout the year and falls on an average of 126 6 days per annum Record temperatures from the York COOP range from 107 F 42 C set on July 2 1901 down to 21 F 29 C recorded on January 28 1925 and January 21 1994 at York Airport with a considerably shorter period of record the range is 100 F 38 C set on July 22 2011 down to 12 F 24 C as recently as March 6 7 2015 44 The York COOP also holds the official statewide 24 hour precipitation record of 13 5 in 340 mm set on June 22 1972 due to the impact of Hurricane Agnes 45 Climate data for York Airport Pennsylvania 1981 2010 normals extremes 1997 present elevation 390 ftMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high F C 72 22 75 24 86 30 91 33 93 34 96 36 100 38 99 37 95 35 90 32 84 29 78 26 100 38 Average high F C 38 6 3 7 41 7 5 4 51 5 10 8 63 0 17 2 72 5 22 5 81 1 27 3 84 8 29 3 83 5 28 6 75 9 24 4 65 7 18 7 54 4 12 4 42 3 5 7 63 0 17 2 Average low F C 20 6 6 3 22 3 5 4 29 3 1 5 39 0 3 9 48 9 9 4 58 7 14 8 62 8 17 1 60 7 15 9 52 8 11 6 41 4 5 2 33 9 1 1 24 6 4 1 41 3 5 2 Record low F C 12 24 12 24 12 24 17 8 28 2 39 4 44 7 42 6 32 0 22 6 12 11 10 23 12 24 Average precipitation inches mm 2 93 74 2 73 69 3 51 89 3 44 87 3 98 101 3 34 85 3 69 94 3 57 91 4 26 108 3 26 83 3 46 88 2 97 75 41 14 1 045 Average snowfall inches cm 8 9 23 8 1 21 3 5 8 9 0 5 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 2 0 3 2 8 1 25 0 64 Average precipitation days 0 01 in 10 0 9 8 11 1 12 1 12 8 11 7 10 9 10 0 9 5 8 4 10 3 10 0 126 6Average snowy days 0 1 in 3 8 2 7 1 5 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1 7 10 5Source NOAA snow precipitation days and snow days from York 3 SSW Pump Station COOP 44 46 47 Demographics Edit Location of the York Hanover Gettysburg CSA and its components York Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area Gettysburg Micropolitan Statistical Area Historical populationCensus Pop 17902 096 18002 50319 4 18102 84713 7 18203 1079 1 18304 21635 7 18404 77913 4 18506 80342 4 18608 60326 5 187011 00327 9 188013 94026 7 189020 79349 2 190033 70862 1 191044 75032 8 192047 5126 2 193055 25416 3 194056 7122 6 195059 9535 7 196054 504 9 1 197050 008 8 2 198044 619 10 8 199042 192 5 4 200040 862 3 2 201043 7187 0 202044 8002 5 U S Decennial Census 48 49 York is the largest principal city of the York Hanover Gettysburg CSA a Combined Statistical Area that includes the York Hanover metropolitan area York County and the Gettysburg micropolitan area Adams County 50 51 52 which had a combined population of 473 043 at the 2000 census 2010 Edit As of the 2010 census 53 the city was 51 2 White 28 0 Black or African American 0 6 Native American 1 2 Asian and 6 3 were two or more races 28 5 of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry 2000 Edit As of the census of 2000 there were 40 862 people 16 137 households and 9 246 families residing in the city The population density was 7 852 2 inhabitants per square mile 3 031 8 km2 There were 18 534 housing units at an average density of 3 561 6 sq mi 1 375 1 km2 The racial makeup of the city was 59 75 White 25 13 African American 0 42 Native American 1 40 Asian 0 07 Pacific Islander 9 40 from other races and 3 83 from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17 19 of the population There were 16 137 households out of which 30 9 had children under the age of 18 living with them 31 0 were married couples living together 20 6 had a female householder with no husband present and 42 7 were non families 33 1 of all households were made up of individuals and 10 7 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 2 48 and the average family size was 3 17 In the city the population was spread out with 28 4 under the age of 18 11 4 from 18 to 24 30 1 from 25 to 44 19 1 from 45 to 64 and 10 9 who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 31 years For every 100 females there were 93 0 males For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 88 0 males The median income for a household in the city was 26 475 and the median income for a family was 30 762 Males had a median income of 26 792 versus 20 612 for females The per capita income for the city was 13 439 About 20 0 of families and 23 8 of the population were below the poverty line including 31 8 of those under age 18 and 15 8 of those age 65 or over Culture EditFairgrounds and vendors Edit Much of York s culture represents the city s evolving role as an agricultural and industrial center The historic York State Fair which claims to be the country s oldest 54 traces its roots to 1765 It runs every year in late July for 10 days encompassing an entire week and two weekends In addition to typical fair attractions such as rides games and contests it also wins regional recognition for hosting many musical artists such as Alabama Gretchen Wilson Carrie Underwood Toby Keith and Lynyrd Skynyrd 55 56 57 For a more comprehensive list see List of performers at the York State Fair The fairgrounds branded the York Expo Center also hosts the annual National Street Rod Association Street Rod Nationals East the largest annual street rod event in the Eastern US 58 The event brings thousands of street rods into the city for a few days in June On Friday afternoon the city holds a parade through the center of the city for participating vehicles York City Recreation and Parks helps sponsor the Olde York Street Fair 59 each year on Mothers Day the second Sunday of May a tradition since the early 1980s In recent years more than 150 art craft and food vendors have lined Market and George streets Average attendance was 60 000 people as of 2004 according to city officials 60 Theatre Edit Part of York s Appell Center for the Performing Arts in 2007 York is home to DreamWrights Center for Community Arts The Belmont Theatre The Pullo Center at Penn State York and the Appell Center for the Performing Arts formerly Strand Capitol Performing Arts Center which brings many nationally acclaimed acts to the York area Performers here have included Kenny G Bill Cosby 61 B B King 62 Bela Fleck 63 and George Carlin 64 The historic Capitol Theatre also features many independent and foreign films making it the only venue in York and sometimes the entire Susquehanna Valley to feature some rare yet critically acclaimed films The Strand Studio has also branched out and offers live music usually jazz amp acoustic for the community In 2017 DreamWrights underwent the largest renovation in its 20 year history adding a second performance space among other improvements 65 Heritage Edit The York County History Center YCHC is a not for profit educational institution that preserves and uses its collections historic sites and museums to encourage exploration of the history and culture of York County Pennsylvania YCHC maintains eight historical sites that demonstrate 300 years of York County s history The YCHC was founded in 1999 after a merger of the Historical Society of York County and the Agricultural and Industrial Museum of York County AIM Currently the YCHC historical sites include the Worker s House c 1875 Golden Plough Tavern c 1741 the Barnett Bobb Log House 1812 the Bonham House c 1885 and old Eastern Market House c 1886 In 1992 AIM acquired an industrial complex consisting of six buildings c 1874 to 1955 three of the buildings were renovated and now house the industrial portion of the collection The YCHC hosts a variety of events throughout the year and holds the rights to the Murals of York a group of murals that depict York s history The History Center purchased a former Met Ed steam plant in York in late 2015 and plans to turn it into a new history center In 2016 what was the York County Heritage Trust rebranded as the York County History Center citation needed Music Edit The York Factory Whistle holds the world record for the loudest music without amplification from a non musical instrument 66 Every Christmas Eve the whistle uses a compressor to create air pressure then releases it through a series of tubes using a device much like a slide whistle Prior to 2010 the pressure was created using steam produced by a boiler The music has had a loudness of 140 dB and can be heard 10 to 12 miles away with proper weather conditions Various Christmas music is played for a short time around midnight It is thought that this annual tradition was started around 1925 67 68 69 Other sources put the tradition back to at least 1888 70 After the hosting New York Wire Cloth Company plant closed in 2013 Metso moved the whistle to their factory in York and the annual concert tradition has continued 71 Metso announced in August 2015 that it would close its York plant by the end of March 2016 72 As of December 2017 the building was still owned by Metso and the annual 25 minute York Factory Whistle Concert remained scheduled along with two daytime rehearsal sessions 73 By December 2018 the hosting factory building was owned by 240 Arch LLC and the air compressor to be moved there for rehearsals and the concert is trailer mounted 70 Another early Christmas concert and Saturday before practice were announced for 2019 74 The alternative rock band Live is from York 75 Many of Live s songs are about the town including Shit Towne from their most successful album Throwing Copper 76 York is home to many veteran as well as up and coming talented artists and musicians from all genres including funk blues jazz rock experimental country and bluegrass The rock band Hexbelt is known for its brand of Susquehanna Hexbelt Swing music 77 York hosts a variety of open mics and underground venues such as the Sign of the Wagon 78 and The Depot 79 Astro Lasso an electronic indie pop band from York managed by Frankie Muniz toured with We the Kings in 2017 80 Shopping Edit The area s main shopping centers are York Galleria and West Manchester Town Center Education Edit William Penn Senior High School on Penn Commons York and the surrounding area are served by the York City Dallastown Eastern York West York Central York York Suburban Southern York County Red Lion Northeastern York Dover Hanover South Western Spring Grove York County School of Technology and South Eastern public school districts Some of the private Christian schools in the area include Christian School of York Shrewsbury Christian Academy and York Catholic High School There are also a number of charter schools in the area Lincoln Charter School was established in 2000 81 Helen Thackston Charter School 82 in 2009 and York Academy Regional Charter School in 2011 83 The city is home to York College of Pennsylvania which was founded in 1787 Penn State York YTI Career Institute YTI which offers accredited technology and business based degree programs Yorktowne Business Institute YBI amp School of Culinary Arts which offers accredited degree and diploma programs in the Business Medical and Culinary fields York Time Institute HACC s York Campus and The Art Institute of York Pennsylvania formerly Bradley Academy for the Visual Arts 84 Fire department Edit York Fire Headquarters on South Duke Street The city of York is served by the city of York Fire Department YFD The YFD operates out of four fire stations located throughout the city and maintains a fire apparatus fleet of 6 engines 2 trucks 1 service and numerous other special support and reserve units The YFD responds to approximately 2 700 emergency calls annually 85 Station locations and apparatus Edit Engine Company Truck Company Reserve Special Unit Chief AddressEngine 99 1 Engine 99 6 Spare Duty Officer 49 S Duke St Truck 99 1 Service 99 1 Service 99 2 Truck 99 2 Spare 273 W Market St Engine 99 5 Engine 99 7 Spare 833 E Market St Engine 99 9 Engine 99 3 Spare 800 Roosevelt Ave Sports EditClub League Sport Venue Capacity Founded ChampionshipsYork Revolution ALPB Baseball PeoplesBank Park 5 200 2007 3 2010 2011 2017York Buccaneers ABA Basketball Voni Grimes Gym 200 2015 86 Baseball Edit The York Revolution plays in the independent Atlantic League of Professional Baseball After 36 years without professional baseball the Revolution arrived in 2007 to fill the void left by the departed York White Roses The Revolution are named after the city s colonial past when the Continental Congress met in York and passed the Articles of Confederation during the Revolutionary War The Revolution continue the old baseball rivalry between York and the nearby city of Lancaster 87 The Revolution play at PeoplesBank Park in York s Arch Street neighborhood The stadium features a plaza and statue in honor of MLB Hall of Fame third baseman Brooks Robinson a one time member of the aforementioned White Roses with whom he made his professional baseball debut in 1955 Robinson currently serves as a special assistant and advisor to Opening Day Partners the group largely responsible for bringing professional baseball back to York PeoplesBank Park has the distinction of having the tallest wall in baseball At 37 feet 8 inches the left field wall of York s ballpark surpasses the height of the Green Monster at Fenway Park the home of the Boston Red Sox Football Edit The people of York the White Rose City and the similar city of Lancaster the Red Rose City across the Susquehanna River often engage in rivalry and competition that has its roots in the Wars of the Roses Both cities take their names from the English cities York and Lancaster from which the opposing royal houses took their names in the 15th century wars The War of the Roses All Star Game is played in York every year over the weekend of Thanksgiving The game pits the best high school football players in their senior seasons from the York Adams League against a similar team from the Lancaster Lebanon League As the game only involves seniors and occurs during the first weekend of the PIAA District 3 football playoffs players on teams which qualify for the playoffs do not participate it is the final high school football game for each of the participants Former Minnesota Vikings Atlanta Falcons and San Francisco 49ers defensive lineman Chris Doleman graduated from York s William Penn High School 88 York was the birthplace of former New York Giants Linebacker Andre Powell 89 former Miami Dolphins running back Woodrow Woody Bennett 90 former Los Angeles Raiders and Atlanta Falcons Tackle Guard Lincoln Kennedy 91 92 and former Atlanta Falcons safety Omar Brown 88 Tampa Bay Buccaneers head coach Bruce Arians is also a graduate of William Penn Senior High School 1970 93 94 New York Giants Offensive Tackle William Beatty is also a York Pennsylvania native Former Pittsburgh Steelers fullback Jon Witman graduated from Eastern York High School 95 The York Capitals indoor football team was founded in 2012 and began play with the American Indoor Football league in April 2013 96 The team moved to Harrisburg after its 2015 league championship and was renamed the Central Penn Capitals before it folded in 2016 Other sports Edit The Bob Hoffman Auditorium at York Barbell hosts a variety of powerlifting Olympic lifting strongman and bodybuilding competitions and shows 97 York is home to the Plywood Hoods a group of BMX freestylers including Kevin Jones who gained broad acclaim in the 1980s and 1990s 98 99 York is also the home of the York County Silver Bullets semiprofessional football team Colonial Football Alliance In their 2006 inaugural season they had a record of 5 5 and gained a playoff berth though lost in the first round 100 The Pogo Squad a group of about twelve extreme pogo performers is located in York They participate in area events including the York St Patrick s Day Parade 101 and perform shows 102 A photo of one member s pogo stunt against a sunset background won first place out of over 800 entries in a 2007 York newspaper photo contest 103 York was home to the Thunder D ohm Skateboard Park now defunct There has been a new park built entitled Reid Menzer Memorial Skatepark named for a York Catholic High School student who was killed riding a skateboard like a streetluge 104 York US30 was a drag strip just outside York It held the 1965 Super Stock championships the largest one day drag race in the United States An annual Musclecar Madness event is held in York to commemorate the defunct strip 105 York will host the 2019 PDGA Amateur Disc Golf World Championships having won against six other tournament hosting bids The tournament director will be Chas Ford Disc golf courses to be used include those at Gifford Pinchot State Park Codorus State Park Muddy Run and more The week long event will take place in mid July 106 Media Edit The old York Dispatch Building York is unusual in that it supports two daily newspapers despite its relatively small size The York Daily Record Sunday News is published mornings seven days a week and The York Dispatch is published Monday through Friday afternoons The Daily Record Sunday News currently has the lead in terms of circulations of the daily newspapers The York area is part of the Susquehanna Valley Harrisburg Lancaster Lebanon York media market Of the major television network affiliates in this media market only one the Fox affiliate WPMT 43 has its base of operations in York Other stations in the market include NBC affiliate WGAL 8 Comet affiliate WXBU 15 CBS MyNetworkTV CW affiliate WHP TV 21 ABC affiliate WHTM TV 27 and PBS member station WITF TV 33 all of which are from Harrisburg except WGAL which is from Lancaster It is also not uncommon for York residents to receive some stations from the Baltimore Maryland media market due to its proximity to the south of York York has a Public educational and government access PEG cable TV station called WRCT White Rose Community Television wrct tv 107 which used to be YCAT York Community Access Television 108 109 The pop music radio station WSBA AM 910 achieved high ratings in not only York but also in nearby Harrisburg and Lancaster during the 1960s and 1970s WSBA now a news talk station was well known for being the flagship station of Susquehanna Broadcasting which had its corporate offices in York as well 110 Other radio stations in York include WVYC from York College WARM FM WQXA FM and WOYK FM stations in the greater York Pennsylvania metropolitan area include Callsign MHz Band Name Format Owner City of license HD Radio MulticastingWDCV 88 3 FM Indie College Rock Dickinson College Carlisle WXPH 88 7 FM WXPN relay University of Pennsylvania Harrisburg WSYC 88 7 FM Alternative Shippensburg University Shippensburg WITF FM 89 5 FM NPR Harrisburg Yes YesWJTL 90 3 FM Christian Lancaster WVMM 90 7 FM Indie College Rock Messiah College Grantham No WJAZ 91 7 FM WRTI relay Classical Jazz Temple University Harrisburg No WKHL 92 1 FM K Love Contemporary Christian Palmyra Yes NoWONN FM 92 7 FM ESPN Radio Sports Starview No WPOC 93 1 FM Country Baltimore MD Yes YesWZCY FM 93 5 FM Nash FM Country Mechanicsburg Yes NoWDAC 94 5 FM Christian Lancaster Yes YesWRBT 94 9 FM Bob Country Harrisburg Yes YesWSOX 96 1 FM Oldies York Yes NoWLAN 96 9 FM FM 97 Top 40 Lancaster No WRVV 97 3 FM The River Classic Hits and the Best of Today s Rock Harrisburg Yes YesWIYY 97 9 FM 98 Rock Rock Baltimore MD Yes YesWYCR 98 5 FM 98 5 The Peak York No WQLV 98 9 FM Love 99 Adult Contemporary Millersburg No WHKF 99 3 FM REAL 99 3 Central PA s Hip Hop and R amp B Urban Contemporary Harrisburg Yes YesWVYC 99 7 FM Indie College Rock York College York PA No YesWFRE 99 9 FM Free Country Frederick MD Yes YesWFVY 100 1 FM Adult Contemporary Lebanon WROZ 101 3 FM The Rose Adult Contemporary Lancaster Yes NoWARM 103 3 FM Warm 103 Adult Contemporary York Yes NoWNNK 104 1 FM Wink 104 Hot AC Harrisburg Yes NoWAYZ 104 7 FM Country Hagerstown MD No WQXA 105 7 FM 105 7 The X Hard Rock York No WWKL 106 7 FM Hot 106 7 CHR Hershey No WGTY 107 7 FM Great Country Gettysburg No Sister cities Edit A welcome sign featuring York s twinned cities York is officially twinned 111 with Arles Bouches du Rhone Provence Alpes Cote d Azur France since 1954 Leinfelden Echterdingen Baden Wurttemberg Germany since 1981Transportation EditBus service Edit York is served through public transportation by Rabbit Transit which operates multiple bus routes in the city and the surrounding suburbs In 2006 a rabbitEXPRESS bus route was established to transport commuters to Harrisburg and back making six round trips weekdays 112 Rabbit Transit introduced a new route on February 2 2009 that provides three daily round trips between York and Timonium Maryland 113 114 The 5 fare each way covers 80 of the operating costs 115 In addition to Rabbit Transit the city has a Greyhound Trailways bus depot where service through Harrisburg to Syracuse or to Baltimore and Washington D C is provided by Greyhound Lines Bieber Transportation Group formerly provided service to New York City along a route running by way of Lancaster Reading and Philadelphia and a route running by way of Lancaster Reading and the Lehigh Valley until service was discontinued on April 1 2018 116 117 Intercity bus service to New York City was restored by OurBus on July 1 2018 118 Rail Edit Lancaster 24 miles to the east has frequent Amtrak train service to Philadelphia As recent as the late 1960s the station was the site of several train departures a day run by the Pennsylvania Railroad heading north to Harrisburg and south towards Baltimore and Washington DC including the Buffalo Day Express the Northern Express the Spirit of St Louis and shuttle cars for the Penn Texas 119 The last Red Arrow bound for Detroit departed from York in the latter half of the 1950s 120 Rail advocates have suggested commuter rail service could be started between York and Philadelphia with much of the necessary infrastructure already in place using SEPTA s system Transportation planners say this is too expensive with bus and van services more feasible 121 The former Pennsylvania Railroad station for York now lies along the York County Heritage Rail Trail across from the baseball park Major roads Edit U S Route 30 Interstate 83Airports Edit York does not have any commercial airports though the small York Airport THV is located 7 miles southwest in Thomasville The nearest major airports are Baltimore Washington International BWI and Harrisburg International Airport MDT Notable people EditList of people from York PennsylvaniaIn literature EditYork is the hometown of the protagonist of John Grisham s 2009 novel The Associate At the book s end the protagonist happily abandons a well paid but highly unpleasant job in a giant Wall Street law firm returning to his hometown to work there with his lawyer father References Edit 2019 U S Gazetteer Files United States Census Bureau Retrieved July 28 2020 Find a County National Association of Counties Retrieved July 2 2016 Boehm Eric March 24 2015 Nine of Pennsylvania s 10 largest cities have more pensioners than workers watchdog org Franklin Center for Government amp Public Integrity Retrieved June 5 2015 York which is the state s 11th largest city by population Virtual York Scott D Butcher Retrieved February 24 2009 Golden Plough Tavern Scott D Butcher Retrieved June 20 2009 General Horatio Gates House Scott D Butcher Retrieved June 20 2009 York Meetinghouse The Gombach Group Retrieved June 20 2009 The Billmeyer House Scott D Butcher Retrieved June 20 2009 Central Market House Scott D Butcher Retrieved June 20 2009 a b National Register Information System National Register of Historic Places National Park Service July 9 2010 Glatfelter Charles H The Continental Congress Meets a German Town hsp org The Historical Society of Pennsylvania Retrieved June 19 2009 Colonial Courthouse York PA waymarking com July 24 2010 Retrieved January 7 2021 The Straight Dope York Pennsylvania First capital of the United States History of York 1776 1789 York Daily Record September 14 2006 Archived from the original on November 14 2007 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Tom April 23 2014 Klan activity in York County and maybe Lancaster doesn t ruffle feathers of local law enforcement Lancaster Online Retrieved February 11 2015 National Briefing Mid Atlantic Pennsylvania Mayor Seeks 3 Donations New York Times December 21 2002 Retrieved June 19 2009 The York Project Race amp the 08 Vote Propagandica March 17 2009 Archived from the original on July 18 2011 Retrieved June 19 2009 All Things Considered NPR June 19 2009 Archived from the original on June 19 2009 Retrieved June 19 2009 Christopher Anna September 21 2010 Michele Norris and The Grace of Silence 34 city tour Today Show clip NPR Retrieved May 11 2015 Barnes Tom November 5 2009 Harrisburg York make history post gazette com Pittsburgh Post Gazette Retrieved November 18 2009 In York Kim Bracey the city s ex economic development director and a retired Air Force sergeant became the first African American and only the second woman after Elizabeth Marshall who is white in 1978 to be elected mayor Haber Gary November 7 2017 Michael Helfrich defeats Kim Bracey in York mayor s race York Daily Record Retrieved November 7 2017 Company Overview Dentsply com Archived from the original on January 12 2015 Retrieved December 23 2015 Heritage Dentsply com Archived from the original on December 26 2014 Retrieved December 23 2015 History of Dentsply International Inc FundingUniverse Fundinguniverse com Retrieved December 23 2015 Hall of Fame York Barbell Company Archived from the original on June 11 2007 Retrieved July 3 2007 Voith celebrates 135th anniversary in York Pennsylvania Voith Group Retrieved April 24 2013 Lagassa G March 1 1990 Bibliographic Citation North American Turbine Companies U S Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information OSTI 5425668 Statement of Andrea Kidd Taylor Dr P H Statements from Hearings held in the 105th Congress Second Session U S Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works October 7 1998 Retrieved August 26 2007 OSHA to Reduce York s 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2008 Retrieved December 15 2007 Haber Gary September 7 2017 Published online August 31 2017 Million dollar makeover in the script for York s DreamWrights theater York Daily Record Retrieved September 9 2017 Loudest whistle steam Guinness World Records December 12 2002 Retrieved December 22 2014 McClure Jim January 6 2006 The world s loudest music without amplification from a non musical instrument York Town Square York Daily Record Steam Whistle Concert Lancaster York Heritage Region Archived from the original on September 30 2007 Retrieved September 20 2007 New York Wire Keeps Whistling Holiday Favorites New York Wire Company Archived from the original on March 5 2012 Retrieved January 28 2012 a b Morrow Geoff November 29 2018 York Factory Whistle Concert tradition on Christmas Eve will continue this year York Daily Record Retrieved December 4 2018 Smith Stephen H October 8 2013 26 New York Wire Cloth Company in York Original Home of the Christmas Eve Factory Whistle Concert York 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Performing Arts Venues City of York Pennsylvania Archived from the original on September 7 2015 Retrieved February 1 2016 The Depot A hip concert venue featuring punk trash jam and indie bands appealing to the funkier set Thursdays 9 30pm Coccia Leviana April 25 2017 Astro Lasso gives back during first nation wide tour motivating youth to explore music and creativity A Quarter Young Retrieved November 23 2017 Lincoln Charter School Homepage lcs schoolwires net Archived from the original on June 23 2017 Retrieved January 26 2017 Helen Thackston Charter School BE Believe in Education helenthackston org Retrieved January 26 2017 History yorkacademy com Archived from the original on July 26 2017 Retrieved January 26 2017 Message from the President Bradley Academy for the Visual Arts Archived from the original on September 27 2007 Retrieved August 26 2007 York Department of Fire Rescue Services City of York Pennsylvania Retrieved April 15 2012 Vandersloot Ryan January 26 2020 York 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links to the Super Bowl York Town Square York Newspaper Company Retrieved April 30 2011 McClure Jim February 5 2009 Names of stars from York County with pro sports links just keep increasing York Town Square York Newspaper Company Retrieved April 30 2011 Jon Witman and wife Michelle on his struggle with addictive opioid pain medications and their life now PennLive March 21 2018 Retrieved June 16 2018 A decade and a half of football first at Eastern York High Walk John December 6 2012 York Capitals introduce their first four players York Dispatch Archived from the original on September 28 2013 Retrieved December 10 2012 Navaroli Steve June 24 2009 World s best descend on York Barbell ydr inyork com Retrieved July 7 2009 Powerlifters big and small will descend upon York this weekend for the International Powerlifting Association s World Powerlifting and Bench Press Championships at York Barbell Dorkin Videos 23mag BMX Retrieved August 26 2007 The Plywood Hoods ruined my life the Brett Downs Interview Global Flat Retrieved August 26 2007 Standing 2006 Colonial Football Alliance October 14 2006 Archived from the original on September 28 2007 Retrieved August 26 2007 The Pogo Squad in the St Patrick s Day Parade Leech Video 2005 Archived from the original on September 29 2007 Retrieved September 6 2007 Book the Pogo Squad The Pogo Spot Retrieved September 6 2007 Burke Melissa Nann September 2 2007 A leap ahead York Daily Record Archived from the original on September 4 2007 Retrieved September 6 2007 Reid Menzer Memorial Skatepark Archived from the original on March 22 2008 Retrieved February 29 2008 York US30 Dragway Vintage Racer Archived from the original on May 17 2008 Retrieved September 12 2008 Downes M December 13 2017 2019 PDGA Majors Announced PDGA Retrieved April 24 2018 WRCT White Rose Community Television Wrct tv Retrieved December 23 2015 Leonardi Joe Scranton City Council The Plot Thickens March 29 2007 Retrieved on May 1 2007 22 2005 York City Council Minutes permanent dead link March 22 2005 Retrieved on May 1 2007 Susquehanna Communications About SusCom Archived November 16 2007 at the Wayback Machine York Twinning Association York Community Network Archived from the original on May 14 2007 Retrieved June 4 2007 Rabbit Transit Annual Report PDF York County Transportation Authority 2006 Retrieved August 26 2007 dead link Dresser Michael February 2 2009 New bus line from York connects to light rail The Baltimore Sun Retrieved May 28 2017 Map of Route 83S Monday Friday RabbitTransit Retrieved August 30 2015 Berman Dori Commuter bus line may link York Pa and Hunt Valley Archived January 13 2016 at the Wayback Machine The Baltimore Daily Record November 20 2006 Retrieved on May 3 2007 Daily Bus Service to Philadelphia PA Bieber Transportation Group January 8 2017 Archived from the original on February 7 2017 Retrieved February 6 2017 Daily Bus Service to New York City NY Bieber Transportation Group January 8 2017 Archived from the original on February 8 2017 Retrieved February 6 2017 Mekeel Tim July 27 2018 New Partnership Restores Daily Bus Service Lancaster Online Retrieved November 2 2018 Brown Eric H The Penn Texas StreamlinerSchedules com Red Arrow American Rails Retrieved May 10 2020 Klimanis Daina April 27 2007 York transportation panel says light rail too costly The York Dispatch Archived from the original on October 16 2015 Retrieved May 3 2007 External links Edit Media related to York Pennsylvania at Wikimedia CommonsWikivoyage has a travel guide for York PA City of York official site York Town Square history blogPreceded byLancaster Pennsylvania Capital of the United States of America 1777 1778 Succeeded byPhiladelphia Pennsylvania Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title York Pennsylvania amp oldid 1055410930, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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