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Wikipedia

Ypadu

Ypadú or ypadu is an unrefined, unconcentrated powder made from coca leaves and the ash of various other plants. Like coca teas consumed in Peru to adapt to sickness induced by high elevation, it has a long ethnobotanical history and cultural associations.

Contents

A report by Pien Metaal and others written for the Transnational Institute ("Coca yes, cocaine no?", p. 19) states that:

"Ypadú would not be more than an element in Amazonian botanical and ethnographic folklore were it not for its use, which enshrines it as a precursor in the current trend in favour of the 'industrialisation' of coca. Because ypadú leaves are very fibrous and their alkaloid content is low, lowland cultures have developed a process for transformation of the leaf that produces a very fine powder [...]. The traditional technique consists of toasting the leaves in an earthenware pot, crushing them in a wooden mortar, mixing them with ash from the leaf of the yarumo plant (Cecropia spp.), and passing them through a sieve to eliminate the fibrous part. The resulting powder is easily handled and rapidly absorbed. Experiments done by Anthony Henman in Lima and São Paulo have shown that a modern ypadú, made with any variety of coca leaf and with ash made from quinoa straw, is well accepted by people who find the laborious process of chewing whole leaves to be tedious.

Ypadú could become the much-desired bridge between the traditional use of coca and new industrialised products demanded by the 21st-century world. Although it probably would not replace the traditional chewing of coca leaves, or chacchado, in the Andean countries, it could become and alternative to refined cocaine, which – despite all efforts to suppress it – has become a mass-consumption commodity in large areas of the world. As a result, it could become an effective tool for public policies that seek 'harm reduction' and a way to absorb the properties of coca.

In short, ypadú would help achieve what no government has managed to do: re-educate the demand for cocaine and, along the way, return coca to its deserved pre-eminence as an ancestral plant of wisdom." ("Coca yes, cocaine no?", p. 19)

Foreign visitors to some Latin American countries have demonstrated an interest in commercial and cultural uses of the stimulant properties of the coca plant, which are less harmful than cocaine which is highly and unnaturally refined. A few websites depict a mild modern preparation of the powdery ypadu mixture using plastic jars and coffee grinders or food processors rather than the traditional implements such as clay vessels and mortar-and-pestles fashioned from wood. Peruvian coca of the species Erythroxylum coca has reportedly been used in this adaptation to produce effective mixtures with pleasant taste.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(December 2009) ()

Proponents of coca recommend mass production of ypadu as a harmless replacement for heavily refined and concentrated cocaine. They argue that a mild alternative to cocaine would cut into the illicit drug trade and the costs it imposes on societies.

  1. Restrepo, David; Zarate, Juliana (2021-07-15). "Can Coca Leaf Avoid the Wrongs of The Psychedelic Revolution?". Chacruna. Retrieved2021-07-27.

Ypadu
Ypadu Language Watch Edit Ypadu or ypadu is an unrefined unconcentrated powder made from coca leaves and the ash of various other plants Like coca teas consumed in Peru to adapt to sickness induced by high elevation it has a long ethnobotanical history and cultural associations Contents 1 Background 2 Contemporary development of an ancient tradition 3 Support for the use of Ypadu 4 References 5 External linksBackground EditA report by Pien Metaal and others written for the Transnational Institute Coca yes cocaine no p 19 states that Ypadu would not be more than an element in Amazonian botanical and ethnographic folklore were it not for its use which enshrines it as a precursor in the current trend in favour of the industrialisation of coca Because ypadu leaves are very fibrous and their alkaloid content is low lowland cultures have developed a process for transformation of the leaf that produces a very fine powder The traditional technique consists of toasting the leaves in an earthenware pot crushing them in a wooden mortar mixing them with ash from the leaf of the yarumo plant Cecropia spp and passing them through a sieve to eliminate the fibrous part The resulting powder is easily handled and rapidly absorbed Experiments done by Anthony Henman in Lima and Sao Paulo have shown that a modern ypadu made with any variety of coca leaf and with ash made from quinoa straw is well accepted by people who find the laborious process of chewing whole leaves to be tedious Ypadu could become the much desired bridge between the traditional use of coca and new industrialised products demanded by the 21st century world Although it probably would not replace the traditional chewing of coca leaves or chacchado in the Andean countries it could become and alternative to refined cocaine which despite all efforts to suppress it has become a mass consumption commodity in large areas of the world As a result it could become an effective tool for public policies that seek harm reduction and a way to absorb the properties of coca In short ypadu would help achieve what no government has managed to do re educate the demand for cocaine and along the way return coca to its deserved pre eminence as an ancestral plant of wisdom Coca yes cocaine no p 19 Contemporary development of an ancient tradition EditForeign visitors to some Latin American countries have demonstrated an interest in commercial and cultural uses of the stimulant properties of the coca plant which are less harmful than cocaine which is highly and unnaturally refined A few websites depict a mild modern preparation of the powdery ypadu mixture using plastic jars and coffee grinders or food processors rather than the traditional implements such as clay vessels and mortar and pestles fashioned from wood Peruvian coca of the species Erythroxylum coca has reportedly been used in this adaptation to produce effective mixtures with pleasant taste Support for the use of Ypadu EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed December 2009 Learn how and when to remove this template message Proponents of coca recommend mass production of ypadu as a harmless replacement for heavily refined and concentrated cocaine They argue that a mild alternative to cocaine would cut into the illicit drug trade and the costs it imposes on societies 1 References Edit Restrepo David Zarate Juliana 2021 07 15 Can Coca Leaf Avoid the Wrongs of The Psychedelic Revolution Chacruna Retrieved 2021 07 27 External links Edithttps web archive org web 20070207042344 http www tni org reports drugs debate13 pdf PDF Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Ypadu amp oldid 1036081641, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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