fbpx
Wikipedia

Yu Xuanji

In this Chinese name, the family name is 鱼 (Yu).

Yu Xuanji (simplified Chinese:鱼玄机; traditional Chinese:魚玄機; pinyin: Yú Xuánjī; Wade–Giles: Yü Hsüan-chi, c840–c868), courtesy names Youwei (Chinese:幼薇; pinyin: Yòuwēi) and Huilan (simplified Chinese:蕙兰; traditional Chinese:蕙蘭; pinyin: Huìlán), was a Chinese poet and courtesan of the late Tang dynasty, from Chang'an. She was one of the most famous women poets of Tang, along with Xue Tao, her fellow courtesan.

Yu Xuanji
Yu Xuanji
Bornc840
Diedc868 (aged 28)
Cause of deathExecution
NationalityChinese
Other namesYouwei
Huilan
OccupationPoet, courtesan
Spouse(s)Li Yi

Contents

Little trustworthy information is known about the relatively short life of Yu Xuanji. She was born or grew up in Tang capital Chang'an, which was the terminus of the Silk Road and one of the most sophisticated cities of its time. Yu was married as a concubine, or lesser wife, to an official named Li Yi (simplified Chinese:李亿; traditional Chinese:李億; pinyin: Lǐ Yì) at 16, separating three years later because of Li's primary wife's dislike of Yu.

She became a courtesan and had a "painted boat" on the Wei River. Yu later took her vows and became a Daoist nun at the Xianyi guan (咸宜觀, Abbey of Universal Benefit). Daoist nuns were at the time known for their sexual freedom and, as was common at the time, Yu continued as a courtesan. During her time as a nun she travelled frequently and her travels influenced her writing. Yu had a reputation for being sexually adventurous and is recognised by some as China's first openly bisexual female.

She was a fellow of Wen Tingyun, to whom she addressed a number of poems. Apart from names and dates in her poems, the tabloid-style Little Tablet from the Three Rivers, (三水小牘), gives the only purported facts about her life. These are however salacious in detail: it reports she had an affair with Wen Tingyun, lived a scandalously promiscuous life, and was executed by decapitation at the age of 28 for allegedly strangling her maid, Luqiao, to death. This account is considered semi-legendary, and may be a reflection of the traditional distrust of women who were strong-willed and sexually independent.

Yu Xuanji is distinctive for the quality of her poems, including many written in what seems to be a remarkably frank and direct autobiographical style; that is, using her own voice rather than speaking through a persona. In her lifetime, her poems were published as a collection called Fragments of a Northern Dreamland, which has been lost. The forty-nine surviving poems were collected in the Quan Tangshi, mainly for their freak value in an anthology that also included poems from ghosts and foreigners.

Published in 1998, her work was translated by the team of David Young and Jiann I. Lin. In the 2000s, her work was translated by Stephen Owen and Justin Hill.

Her family name, Yu, is relatively rare. Her given name, Xuanji, means something like "Profound Theory" or "Mysterious Principle," and is a technical term in Daoism and Buddhism. "Yòuwēi" means something like "Young and Tiny;" and, Huìlán refers to a species of fragrant orchid.

In 1984 the Shaw Brothers Studio in Hong Kong made a film about her life entitled 唐朝豪放女 (An Amorous Woman of Tang Dynasty), starred Pat Ha and Alex Man.

In 1988, the Asia Television Limited in Hong Kong filmed an anthology drama series about her life, titled 歷代奇女子 (Those Famous Women in Chinese History), starred Bonnie Ngai, Pat Poon and Kingdom Yuen

Yu Xuanji is the subject of the 1915 short story Gyogenki by Japanese author Mori Ōgai. She was the nun in Robert van Gulik's 1968 "Judge Dee" novel Poets and Murder.

Justin Hill's Somerset Maugham Award award-winning novel Passing Under Heaven reimagines Yu Xuanji's life.

  1. Young & Lin 1998, p. ix.
  2. Chang, Saussy & Kwong 1999, p. 66.
  3. Young & Lin 1998, p. ix, citing the Guoyu Cidian..
  4. Kohn & Roth 2002, p. 102.
  5. Kohn & Roth 2002, p. 114.
  6. Kohn & Roth 2002, p. [page needed].
  7. Olivia Bullock (艾文婷) (21 October 2014). "Badass Ladies of Chinese History : Yu Xuanji". The World of Chinese. Retrieved20 December 2018.
  8. Chang, Saussy & Kwong 1999, p. 67.
  9. Young & Lin 1998, p. x.
  10. Young & Lin 1998, p. iii.
  11. Mori 1991, p. 185.
  12. Lee & Wiles 2014, p. 571.
  13. "Passing Under Heaven". Justin Hill. 18 December 2014. Retrieved17 January 2019.

Yu Xuanji
Yu Xuanji Language Watch Edit In this Chinese name the family name is 鱼 Yu Yu Xuanji simplified Chinese 鱼玄机 traditional Chinese 魚玄機 pinyin Yu Xuanji Wade Giles Yu Hsuan chi c840 c868 1 courtesy names Youwei Chinese 幼薇 pinyin Youwei and Huilan simplified Chinese 蕙兰 traditional Chinese 蕙蘭 pinyin Huilan was a Chinese poet and courtesan of the late Tang dynasty from Chang an She was one of the most famous women poets of Tang along with Xue Tao her fellow courtesan 2 Yu XuanjiYu XuanjiBornc840Diedc868 aged 28 Cause of deathExecutionNationalityChineseOther namesYouwei HuilanOccupationPoet courtesanSpouse s Li Yi Contents 1 Biography 2 Poetry 3 English translations 4 Name 5 Media 6 References 7 SourcesBiography EditLittle trustworthy information is known about the relatively short life of Yu Xuanji 1 She was born or grew up in Tang capital Chang an 3 which was the terminus of the Silk Road and one of the most sophisticated cities of its time Yu was married as a concubine or lesser wife to an official named Li Yi simplified Chinese 李亿 traditional Chinese 李億 pinyin Lǐ Yi at 16 separating three years later because of Li s primary wife s dislike of Yu 4 She became a courtesan and had a painted boat on the Wei River 5 Yu later took her vows and became a Daoist nun at the Xianyi guan 咸宜觀 Abbey of Universal Benefit 6 Daoist nuns were at the time known for their sexual freedom 7 and as was common at the time Yu continued as a courtesan 8 During her time as a nun she travelled frequently and her travels influenced her writing 7 Yu had a reputation for being sexually adventurous and is recognised by some as China s first openly bisexual female 7 She was a fellow of Wen Tingyun to whom she addressed a number of poems Apart from names and dates in her poems the tabloid style Little Tablet from the Three Rivers 三水小牘 gives the only purported facts about her life These are however salacious in detail it reports she had an affair with Wen Tingyun lived a scandalously promiscuous life and was executed by decapitation 4 at the age of 28 1 for allegedly strangling her maid Luqiao to death 4 This account is considered semi legendary and may be a reflection of the traditional distrust of women who were strong willed and sexually independent 2 Poetry EditYu Xuanji is distinctive for the quality of her poems including many written in what seems to be a remarkably frank and direct autobiographical style that is using her own voice rather than speaking through a persona In her lifetime her poems were published as a collection called Fragments of a Northern Dreamland which has been lost The forty nine surviving poems were collected in the Quan Tangshi 4 mainly for their freak value in an anthology that also included poems from ghosts and foreigners 9 English translations EditPublished in 1998 her work was translated by the team of David Young and Jiann I Lin 10 In the 2000s her work was translated by Stephen Owen and Justin Hill Name EditHer family name Yu is relatively rare Her given name Xuanji means something like Profound Theory or Mysterious Principle and is a technical term in Daoism and Buddhism Youwei means something like Young and Tiny and Huilan refers to a species of fragrant orchid 1 Media EditIn 1984 the Shaw Brothers Studio in Hong Kong made a film about her life entitled 唐朝豪放女 An Amorous Woman of Tang Dynasty starred Pat Ha and Alex Man 4 In 1988 the Asia Television Limited in Hong Kong filmed an anthology drama series about her life titled 歷代奇女子 Those Famous Women in Chinese History starred Bonnie Ngai Pat Poon and Kingdom Yuen Yu Xuanji is the subject of the 1915 short story Gyogenki by Japanese author Mori Ōgai 11 She was the nun in Robert van Gulik s 1968 Judge Dee novel Poets and Murder 12 Justin Hill s Somerset Maugham Award award winning novel Passing Under Heaven reimagines Yu Xuanji s life 13 References Edit Poetry portal a b c d Young amp Lin 1998 p ix a b Chang Saussy amp Kwong 1999 p 66 Young amp Lin 1998 p ix citing the Guoyu Cidian a b c d e Kohn amp Roth 2002 p 102 Kohn amp Roth 2002 p 114 Kohn amp Roth 2002 p page needed a b c Olivia Bullock 艾文婷 21 October 2014 Badass Ladies of Chinese History Yu Xuanji The World of Chinese Retrieved 20 December 2018 Chang Saussy amp Kwong 1999 p 67 Young amp Lin 1998 p x Young amp Lin 1998 p iii Mori 1991 p 185 Lee amp Wiles 2014 p 571 Passing Under Heaven Justin Hill 18 December 2014 Retrieved 17 January 2019 Sources EditChang Kang i Sun Saussy Haun Kwong Charles Yim tze 1999 Women Writers of Traditional China An Anthology of Poetry and Criticism Stanford University Press ISBN 9780804732314 Fu Shousun Yu Xuanji Encyclopedia of China Chinese Literature Edition 1st ed Archived from the original on 29 September 2007 in Chinese Kohn Livia Roth Harold David 2002 Daoist Identity Cosmology Lineage and Ritual University of Hawaii Press ISBN 978 0 8248 2504 1 Lee Lily Xiao Hong Wiles Sue 2014 Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women Tang Through Ming 618 1644 M E Sharpe ISBN 9780765643162 Mori Ogai 1991 Dilworth David Rimer J Thomas eds The Historical Fiction of Mori AOgai University of Hawaii Press ISBN 9780824813666 Xuanji Yu Yu Hsuan chi 1998 The Clouds Float North The Complete Poems of Yu Xuanji Translated by Young David Lin Jiann I Wesleyan University Press ISBN 9780819563446 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yu Xuanji amp oldid 1048534952, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.