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Yuelu Academy

For the succeeding university to the Yuelu Academy, please, see Hunan University.
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.(January 2013) ()

The Yuelu Academy (also as known as the Yuelu Academy of Classical Learning, traditional Chinese:嶽麓書院; simplified Chinese:岳麓书院; pinyin: Yuèlǔ Shūyuàn) is on the east side of Yuelu Mountain in Changsha, Hunan province, on the west bank of the Xiang River. As one of the four most prestigious academies over the last 1000 years in China, Yuelu Academy has been a famous institution of higher learning as well as a centre of academic activities and cultures since it was formally set up during the Northern Song dynasty. The academy was converted into Hunan Institute of Higher Learning in 1903. It was later renamed Hunan Normal College, Hunan Public Polytechnic School, and finally Hunan University in 1926. Yuelu Academy was once a center of Confucian learning in China.

Yuelu Academy

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The Academy was founded in 976, the 9th year of the Song dynasty (960–1279) under the reign of Emperor Taizu (960–976), and was one of four most renowned shuyuan (academies of higher learning). The renowned Confucian scholars Zhu Xi and Zhang Shi lectured at the academy.

During the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), the Academy inculcated an ascetic philosophy of self-examination and dedication to rescuing the world from the decadence of recent times. The Academy remained loyal to the Neo-Confucian school of the Song dynasty which emphasized moral self-cultivation, community solidarity, and social hierarchy. Among the prominent alumni were the early Qing scholars Wang Fuzhi and Yan Ruyi. But by the early 19th century, Academy scholars saw no contradiction in devoting serious study also to practical subjects such as martial engineering, political economy, waterworks, and management of bureaucracy. They called these studies jingshi (statecraft), made up of the character jing (manage) and shi (things, or "the world"). Early 19th century graduates formed what one historian called a "network of messianic alumni." These included Tao Zhu, who reformed the grain transportation system and salt monopoly; Wei Yuan, compiler of works on western geography, the exploits of the Qing expansionist campaigns, and the basic collection of statecraft essays; Bao Shichen; and most prominent, Zeng Guofan, architect of the Tongzhi Restoration. Later 19th century alumni include Zuo Zongtang, a reformer official; Hu Linyi; Guo Songtao, China's first ambassador to a foreign country; Cai E, a major leader in defending the Republic of China.

In 1903 the academy became a university, and in 1926 it was officially named Hunan University.

The academy is the only one of the ancient Chinese academies of classical learning to have evolved into a modern institution of higher learning.[citation needed] The historical transformation from Yuelu Academy to Hunan University can be seen as emblematic of the development of China's higher education, a change which mirrors the vicissitudes of education system in mainland China. As a part of Hunan University, today the academy is a center of publication and research.

In 1988, it was listed as a "Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Hunan" by the State Council of China.

  • Entrance of Yuelu Academy

  • Lecture Hall

  • Confucius Temple

  • The Yuelu Academy

  • A pavilion

  • Yuelu Academy Hunan pond

  • Dacheng Hall

  • Yuelu archive

  • Chinese hackberry (C. sinensis)

  1. Wang Xijia (2014), p. 16.
  2. William T. Rowe. China's Last Empire: The Great Qing. (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, History of Imperial China, 2009; ISBN 9780674036123), p. 162-163
  3. Daniel McMahon, "The Yuelu Academy and Hunan's Nineteenth-Century Turn toward Statecraft," Late Imperial China 26.1 (2005): 72-109 Project MUSE.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toYuelu Academy.

Bibliography

  • Wang Xijia (2014). 长沙史话 [A Brief History of Changsha] (in Chinese). Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press. ISBN 978-7-5097-6662-0.

Coordinates:28°11′02″N112°56′08″E /28.18389°N 112.93556°E /28.18389; 112.93556

Yuelu Academy
Yuelu Academy Language Watch Edit For the succeeding university to the Yuelu Academy please see Hunan University This article includes a list of general references but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations January 2013 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Yuelu Academy also as known as the Yuelu Academy of Classical Learning traditional Chinese 嶽麓書院 simplified Chinese 岳麓书院 pinyin Yuelǔ Shuyuan is on the east side of Yuelu Mountain in Changsha Hunan province on the west bank of the Xiang River As one of the four most prestigious academies over the last 1000 years in China Yuelu Academy has been a famous institution of higher learning as well as a centre of academic activities and cultures since it was formally set up during the Northern Song dynasty The academy was converted into Hunan Institute of Higher Learning in 1903 It was later renamed Hunan Normal College Hunan Public Polytechnic School and finally Hunan University in 1926 Yuelu Academy was once a center of Confucian learning in China Yuelu Academy嶽麓書院TypeShuyuanActive976 AD 1903 became Hunan Institute of Higher Learning now Hunan University AffiliationConfucianismLocationYuelu Mountain Changsha Hunan ChinaNicknameYuelu Academy of Classical Learning Contents 1 History 2 Gallery 3 See also 4 References 4 1 BibliographyHistory EditThe Academy was founded in 976 the 9th year of the Song dynasty 960 1279 under the reign of Emperor Taizu 960 976 and was one of four most renowned shuyuan academies of higher learning 1 The renowned Confucian scholars Zhu Xi and Zhang Shi lectured at the academy During the Qing dynasty 1644 1911 the Academy inculcated an ascetic philosophy of self examination and dedication to rescuing the world from the decadence of recent times The Academy remained loyal to the Neo Confucian school of the Song dynasty which emphasized moral self cultivation community solidarity and social hierarchy Among the prominent alumni were the early Qing scholars Wang Fuzhi and Yan Ruyi But by the early 19th century Academy scholars saw no contradiction in devoting serious study also to practical subjects such as martial engineering political economy waterworks and management of bureaucracy They called these studies jingshi statecraft made up of the character jing manage and shi things or the world Early 19th century graduates formed what one historian called a network of messianic alumni These included Tao Zhu who reformed the grain transportation system and salt monopoly Wei Yuan compiler of works on western geography the exploits of the Qing expansionist campaigns and the basic collection of statecraft essays Bao Shichen and most prominent Zeng Guofan architect of the Tongzhi Restoration 2 Later 19th century alumni include Zuo Zongtang a reformer official Hu Linyi Guo Songtao China s first ambassador to a foreign country Cai E a major leader in defending the Republic of China 3 In 1903 the academy became a university and in 1926 it was officially named Hunan University The academy is the only one of the ancient Chinese academies of classical learning to have evolved into a modern institution of higher learning citation needed The historical transformation from Yuelu Academy to Hunan University can be seen as emblematic of the development of China s higher education a change which mirrors the vicissitudes of education system in mainland China As a part of Hunan University today the academy is a center of publication and research In 1988 it was listed as a Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Hunan by the State Council of China 1 Gallery Edit Entrance of Yuelu Academy Lecture Hall Confucius Temple The Yuelu Academy A pavilion Yuelu Academy Hunan pond Dacheng Hall Yuelu archive Chinese hackberry C sinensis See also EditAcademies Shuyuan Hanlin Academy White Deer Grotto AcademyReferences Edit a b Wang Xijia 2014 p 16 William T Rowe China s Last Empire The Great Qing Cambridge MA Belknap Press of Harvard University Press History of Imperial China 2009 ISBN 9780674036123 p 162 163 Daniel McMahon The Yuelu Academy and Hunan s Nineteenth Century Turn toward Statecraft Late Imperial China26 1 2005 72 109 Project MUSE Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yuelu Academy Bibliography Edit Wang Xijia 2014 长沙史话 A Brief History of Changsha in Chinese Beijing Social Sciences Academic Press ISBN 978 7 5097 6662 0 Coordinates 28 11 02 N 112 56 08 E 28 18389 N 112 93556 E 28 18389 112 93556 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yuelu Academy amp oldid 1050298871, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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