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Yukhym Zvyahilsky

Yukhym Leonidovych Zvyahilsky (Ukrainian:Юхим Леонідович Звягільський, Russian:Efim Zvyagilsky; 20 February 1933 – 6 November 2021) was a Ukrainian politician. He is the only member of Verkhovna Rada who was elected to parliament in eight elections (from 1990 until Zvyahilsky did not participate in the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election).

Yukhym Zvyahilsky
Юхим Звягільський
Zvyahilsky in 2013
Member of the Verkhovna Rada
In office
1990–2019
4th First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
11 June 1993 – 4 July 1994
Prime MinisterLeonid Kuchma
Preceded byIhor Yukhnovskyi
Succeeded byViktor Pynzenyk
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Acting
In office
22 September 1993 – 16 June 1994
PresidentLeonid Kravchuk
Preceded byLeonid Kuchma
Succeeded byVitaliy Masol
Personal details
Born(1933-02-20)20 February 1933
Stalino, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Died6 November 2021(2021-11-06) (aged 88)
Kyiv, Ukraine
Political partyCommunist Party of the USSR (1950s–1991)
Party of Regions (2007–2021)
Spouse(s)Lyudmyla (born 1931)
Children1
Alma materDonetsk Industrial Institute (1956)

In 1993 and 1994, Zvyahilsky served as First Vice-Prime Minister and acting Prime Minister.

Contents

Zvyahilsky was born in the family of a serviceman on 20 February 1933. In 1956, he graduated from the Donetsk Industrial Institute as a mining engineer. After graduating Zvyahilsky worked at the mine #13 of the Soviet trust company "Kuibyshevugol" (Kuibyshev Coal) as a chief assistant, later as a chief of a coal precinct, chief engineer, director. In 1972 he wrote a thesis "Observation of regional technological schemes of mining fields in the development of thin inclined layers (in reference to the Donetsk-Makiivka region of Donetsk basin)" (Moscow Mining Institute) earning him academical title of a candidate of sciences. Later Zvyahilsky defended his doctorate on the subject "Geomechanical foundations of landslides of the earth surface above mines, which can be eliminated" (Institute of geotechnical mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine). Coincidentally, in early 1990s Ukraine suffered from the miners' strikes that led to the early presidential elections in 1994.

From 1970 to 1979, Zvyahilsky worked at the Kuibyshev Mine Corporation of the Industrial Union "Donetskugol" (Donetsk Coal). In 1975 he was appointed a director of the company. From 1979 through 1992 Zvyahilsky was a director of Zasyadko coal mine of the Industrial Union "Donetskugol". The mine, which is known for its chronic accidents, became particularly famous in 2007 for the most deadly disaster in the mining history of Ukraine.

In March 1990 as the member of the Communist Party of Soviet Union, Zvyahilsky was elected to the Parliament of Ukraine from the 112th electoral district. In November 1992 he was appointed the chairman of the city council and executive committee. In June 1993 Zvyahilsky was appointed to the Kuchma's Cabinet as the First Vice-Prime Minister. Being the First Vice-Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Kuchma, he served as an acting-Prime Minister from 22 September 1993 after Leonid Kuchma was elected the President of Ukraine. Zvyahilsky was the longest serving Prime Minister office (as acting) without being officially appointed to it. Zvyahilsky kept the appointment until Vitaly Masol was confirmed as the Prime Minister of Ukraine in June 1994.

In March 1994, now as an independent Zvyahilsky was elected to the parliament from the 110th electoral district. In 1994, Zviahilskyi, being perceived affiliated with Leonid Kravchuk, was accused of having stolen some $20 million by Ukrainian President Kuchma during his term as acting Prime Minister and he fled to Israel in fear of his life. After some time Zviahilskyi returned to Ukraine in March 1997 and as a current member of Verkhovna Rada missed most of the sessions of the parliament.

In 1998, Zvyahilsky once again as an independent was elected now from the 43rd electoral district. In 2002, he was again elected to the parliament as a member of the Party of Regions. Zvyahilsky became a member of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament), representing the ruling Party of Regions, and owner of the Zasyadko coal mine in Donetsk. Being a member of Parliament, he had immunity from prosecution. In the 2012 parliamentary elections elected for Party of Regions in single-mandate majoritarian election district number 45 with 72.59% of the votes.

In the 2014 parliamentary election, Zvyahilsky was re-elected into parliament again as an independent candidate in single-member districts number 45 situated in the Kyiv Raion of Donetsk; this time with 72.73% of the votes. In his constituency only a handful of polling stations were open due to the War in Donbass; this led to Zvyahilsky winning a seat with only 1,450 votes. In parliament he joined the faction of Opposition Bloc.

Zvyahilsky did not participate in the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election, for the first time since 1990 he did not run for parliamentary elections.

Zvyahilsky died on 6 November 2021, aged 88, from complications of COVID-19 during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine.

  1. "Перше засідання нової Ради відкриє 78-річний нардеп від ОПЗЖ Іоффе". LB.ua.
  2. (in Ukrainian) People's Deputy of many convocations Yuhym Zviahilskyi died, Ukrayinska Pravda (6 November 2021).
  3. Big business and economic development : conglomerates and economic groups in developing countries and transition economies under globalisation. A. E. Fernández Jilberto, Barbara Hogenboom. London: Routledge. 2007. pp. 82–381. ISBN 978-0-203-96228-2. OCLC 86175822.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. The clan from Donetsk PART I, The Ukrainian Weekly (12 January 2003)
  5. Одномандатний виборчий округ № 45 (Донецька область)
  6. (in Ukrainian) Candidates and winners for the seat of the constituency 45 in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election Archived 10 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine, RBK Ukraine
  7. Starting a New Life, Voting as Before, The Ukrainian Week (11 November 2014)
  8. Poroshenko Declares Victory in Ukraine Presidential Election, The Wall Street Journal (25 May 2014)
    Russia will recognise outcome of Ukraine poll, says Vladimir Putin, The Guardian (23 May 2014)
  9. (in Ukrainian) National deputies of Ukraine: Yukhym Zvyahilsky, Verkhovna Rada
  10. (in Ukrainian) People's Deputy of many convocations Yuhym Zviahilskyi died, Ukrayinska Pravda (6 November 2021).
Political offices
Preceded by
First Vice-Prime Minister of Ukraine
1993–1994
Succeeded by

Yukhym Zvyahilsky
Yukhym Zvyahilsky Language Watch Edit Yukhym Leonidovych Zvyahilsky Ukrainian Yuhim Leonidovich Zvyagilskij Russian Efim Zvyagilsky 20 February 1933 6 November 2021 was a Ukrainian politician He is the only member of Verkhovna Rada who was elected to parliament in eight elections from 1990 until Zvyahilsky did not participate in the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election 1 Yukhym Zvyahilsky Yuhim ZvyagilskijZvyahilsky in 2013Member of the Verkhovna RadaIn office 1990 20194th First Vice Prime Minister of UkraineIn office 11 June 1993 4 July 1994Prime MinisterLeonid KuchmaPreceded byIhor YukhnovskyiSucceeded byViktor PynzenykPrime Minister of Ukraine ActingIn office 22 September 1993 16 June 1994PresidentLeonid KravchukPreceded byLeonid KuchmaSucceeded byVitaliy MasolPersonal detailsBorn 1933 02 20 20 February 1933 Stalino Ukrainian SSR Soviet UnionDied6 November 2021 2021 11 06 aged 88 Kyiv UkrainePolitical partyCommunist Party of the USSR 1950s 1991 Party of Regions 2007 2021 Spouse s Lyudmyla born 1931 Children1Alma materDonetsk Industrial Institute 1956 In 1993 and 1994 Zvyahilsky served as First Vice Prime Minister and acting Prime Minister 2 Contents 1 Biography 2 Awards and legacy 3 References 4 External linksBiography EditZvyahilsky was born in the family of a serviceman on 20 February 1933 In 1956 he graduated from the Donetsk Industrial Institute as a mining engineer After graduating Zvyahilsky worked at the mine 13 of the Soviet trust company Kuibyshevugol Kuibyshev Coal as a chief assistant later as a chief of a coal precinct chief engineer director In 1972 he wrote a thesis Observation of regional technological schemes of mining fields in the development of thin inclined layers in reference to the Donetsk Makiivka region of Donetsk basin Moscow Mining Institute earning him academical title of a candidate of sciences Later Zvyahilsky defended his doctorate on the subject Geomechanical foundations of landslides of the earth surface above mines which can be eliminated Institute of geotechnical mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Coincidentally in early 1990s Ukraine suffered from the miners strikes that led to the early presidential elections in 1994 From 1970 to 1979 Zvyahilsky worked at the Kuibyshev Mine Corporation of the Industrial Union Donetskugol Donetsk Coal In 1975 he was appointed a director of the company From 1979 through 1992 Zvyahilsky was a director of Zasyadko coal mine of the Industrial Union Donetskugol The mine which is known for its chronic accidents became particularly famous in 2007 for the most deadly disaster in the mining history of Ukraine In March 1990 as the member of the Communist Party of Soviet Union Zvyahilsky was elected to the Parliament of Ukraine from the 112th electoral district In November 1992 he was appointed the chairman of the city council and executive committee In June 1993 Zvyahilsky was appointed to the Kuchma s Cabinet as the First Vice Prime Minister Being the First Vice Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Kuchma he served as an acting Prime Minister from 22 September 1993 after Leonid Kuchma was elected the President of Ukraine Zvyahilsky was the longest serving Prime Minister office as acting without being officially appointed to it Zvyahilsky kept the appointment until Vitaly Masol was confirmed as the Prime Minister of Ukraine in June 1994 In March 1994 now as an independent Zvyahilsky was elected to the parliament from the 110th electoral district In 1994 Zviahilskyi being perceived affiliated with Leonid Kravchuk was accused of having stolen some 20 million by Ukrainian President Kuchma during his term as acting Prime Minister and he fled to Israel in fear of his life 3 4 After some time Zviahilskyi returned to Ukraine in March 1997 and as a current member of Verkhovna Rada missed most of the sessions of the parliament 4 In 1998 Zvyahilsky once again as an independent was elected now from the 43rd electoral district In 2002 he was again elected to the parliament as a member of the Party of Regions Zvyahilsky became a member of the Verkhovna Rada parliament representing the ruling Party of Regions and owner of the Zasyadko coal mine in Donetsk Being a member of Parliament he had immunity from prosecution 4 In the 2012 parliamentary elections elected for Party of Regions in single mandate majoritarian election district number 45 with 72 59 of the votes 5 In the 2014 parliamentary election Zvyahilsky was re elected into parliament again as an independent candidate in single member districts number 45 situated in the Kyiv Raion of Donetsk this time with 72 73 of the votes 6 In his constituency only a handful of polling stations were open due to the War in Donbass this led to Zvyahilsky winning a seat with only 1 450 votes 7 8 In parliament he joined the faction of Opposition Bloc 9 Zvyahilsky did not participate in the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election for the first time since 1990 he did not run for parliamentary elections 1 Zvyahilsky died on 6 November 2021 aged 88 from complications of COVID 19 during the COVID 19 pandemic in Ukraine 10 Awards and legacy EditMedal In the commemoration of the 100th anniversary since the birth day of Vladimir Illich Lenin 1970 Order of the Red Banner of Labour 1971 Distinguished Miner of Ukraine 1979 Order of October Revolution 1981 Hero of the Socialist Labor 1986 Honorary citizen of Donetsk 1998 State Prize of Ukraine in field of science and technology 2002 Hero of Ukraine 2003 Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise 2009 street is named after him in Kyiv raion in Donetsk cityReferences Edit a b Pershe zasidannya novoyi Radi vidkriye 78 richnij nardep vid OPZZh Ioffe LB ua in Ukrainian People s Deputy of many convocations Yuhym Zviahilskyi died Ukrayinska Pravda 6 November 2021 Big business and economic development conglomerates and economic groups in developing countries and transition economies under globalisation A E Fernandez Jilberto Barbara Hogenboom London Routledge 2007 pp 82 381 ISBN 978 0 203 96228 2 OCLC 86175822 CS1 maint others link a b c The clan from Donetsk PART I The Ukrainian Weekly 12 January 2003 Odnomandatnij viborchij okrug 45 Donecka oblast in Ukrainian Candidates and winners for the seat of the constituency 45 in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election Archived 10 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine RBK Ukraine Starting a New Life Voting as Before The Ukrainian Week 11 November 2014 Poroshenko Declares Victory in Ukraine Presidential Election The Wall Street Journal 25 May 2014 Russia will recognise outcome of Ukraine poll says Vladimir Putin The Guardian 23 May 2014 in Ukrainian National deputies of Ukraine Yukhym Zvyahilsky Verkhovna Rada in Ukrainian People s Deputy of many convocations Yuhym Zviahilskyi died Ukrayinska Pravda 6 November 2021 External links EditCLAN of Yanukovich ZVYAHILSKY in Russian Political officesPreceded by Ihor Yukhnovsky First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine 1993 1994 Succeeded by Viktor Pynzenyk 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