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Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau

The Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau or Yungui Plateau (simplified Chinese:云贵高原; traditional Chinese:雲貴高原; pinyin: Yúnguì Gāoyuán) is a highland region located in southwest China. The region is primarily spread over the provinces of Yunnan and Guizhou. In the southwest, the Yungui is a true plateau with relatively flatter highland areas, while in the northeast, the Yungui is a generally mountainous area of rolling hills, gorges, and karst topography.

Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau
Yungui Plateau
Karst geography on the Yungui Plateau near Guiyang
Topographic map of East Asia with Yungui Plateau highlighted
Floor elevation500 m (1,600 ft) to 2,500 m (8,200 ft)
Geography
CountryChina
ProvincesYunnan, Guizhou
RegionSouthwest China
Coordinates26°N105°E /26°N 105°E /26; 105Coordinates: 26°N105°E /26°N 105°E /26; 105
Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau
Traditional Chinese雲貴高原
Simplified Chinese云贵高原
PostalYunnan–Kweichow Plateau
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinYúnguì Gāoyuán
Wade–GilesYün2-kuei4 Kao1-yüan2
Yungui Plateau
Traditional Chinese雲貴高原
Simplified Chinese云贵高原
PostalYunkwei Plateau
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinYúnguì Gāoyuán
Wade–GilesYün2-kuei4 Kao1-yüan2
Using a wider definition, the Yunnan–Guizhou Highlands make up the light green area on the lower part of this map

Contents

Definition

Under the strictest definition, the Yungui Plateau stretches from the Red River Fault in Yunnan in the southwest to the Wuling Mountains in Hunan in the northeast. This plateau region includes most of eastern Yunnan and most of Guizhou. It is common, however, for much of the rest of Yunnan and surrounding highland areas to be referred to as part of the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau even where there are no plateau-like characteristics.

Under the broader definition of the Yungui Plateau, the provinces would include not only Yunnan and Guizhou but also Gulin County and the southernmost extremes of Sichuan, eastern Chongqing, southwestern Hubei, western Hunan, and northwestern Guangxi.

Human geography

Located in Southwest China, the Yungui Plateau separates the Sichuan Basin from South China. The area has long been considered a backwater region of China. Historically, the plateau has been home to many minority peoples who have traditionally engaged in intensive agriculture along hills and in valleys. Today, the Yungui region is one of the most economically depressed areas of China and both Guizhou and Yunnan provinces are in the bottom three in rankings for the Human Development Index in China. Many residents on the Yungui Plateau live in a traditional fashion in rural villages.

Major cities on the Yungui Plateau include Kunming, Guiyang, and Zunyi. The Yungui Plateau is home to many extreme engineering feats where railways and expressways have been built to traverse the challenging terrain. The world's highest bridge, the Beipanjiang Bridge, is located on the Yunnan-Guizhou border in the heart of the plateau.

Physical geography

The Yungui Plateau is a large mountainous region with rugged terrain including steep karst peaks and deep gorges. The plateau is buttressed by the large Hengduan Mountains to the northwest and by lowland regions to the north, east, and southeast. Other major mountain ranges cross or surround portions of the Yungui Plateau. The Wumeng Mountains and Wulian Feng form a barrier through north-central Yungui along the Jinsha (Upper Yangtze) River. To the north, the Dalou Mountains run along the Yungui's edge with the Sichuan Basin. The Wuling Mountains in the northeast form a transitional terrain between the plateau and the Yangtze Plain. In the south, the Miao Range steps down to the karst hills of South China. Across the Red River to the southwest, the Ailao Mountains form a definitive barrier.

The high mountain peaks of Eastern Tibet are the source of many of Asia's great rivers, which flow southerly towards the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau. The rivers split around the plateau, with the Salween and Mekong keeping south and the Yangtze turning northeast. Most of the western Yungui Plateau is drained by the Nanpan and Beipan Rivers, both headwaters of the Pearl River. The eastern Yungui Plateau is largely drained by the Wu River, a tributary of the Yangtze.

Major lakes have formed in the Yunnan portions of the Yungui Plateau, including Dian Chi and Fuxian Lake. Erhai Lake is located on the plateau's western edge at the southern base of the Hengduan Mountains.

The climate gradually transitions from drier in the southwest to rainier in the northeast. In east-central Yunnan, parts of the Yungui Plateau experience a semi-arid climate. In most of Guizhou, the climate is classified as humid subtropical. The Yungui Plateau is covered by subtropical evergreen forests for much of its Yunnan portions and by mixed broadleaf forests for the Guizhou portions.

  1. Atlas of China. Beijing, China: SinoMaps Press. 2006. ISBN 9787503141782.
  2. "Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved2007-08-06.
  3. China's Southwest. Lonely Planet. 2007. ISBN 9781741041859.
  4. "China National Human Development Report 2016 Social Innovation for Inclusive Human Development"(PDF). China Publishing Group Corporation China Translation & Publishing House. 2016.
  5. "Chinese History and Statistics - Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau Upland". Retrieved2007-08-06.
  6. Suettinger, Robert Lee; Kuo, Ping-chia. "Yunnan". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved31 August 2017.
  7. Yang Qinye (2004). Tibetan Geography -- Long Rivers with Distant Sources. ISBN 9787508506654. Retrieved2007-12-02.
  8. "Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests". Global Species. Myers Enterprises II. Retrieved31 July 2017.
  9. "Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests". Global Species. Myers Enterprises II. Retrieved31 July 2017.

Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau
Yunnan Guizhou Plateau Article Talk Language Watch Edit The Yunnan Guizhou Plateau or Yungui Plateau simplified Chinese 云贵高原 traditional Chinese 雲貴高原 pinyin Yungui Gaoyuan is a highland region located in southwest China The region is primarily spread over the provinces of Yunnan and Guizhou In the southwest the Yungui is a true plateau with relatively flatter highland areas while in the northeast the Yungui is a generally mountainous area of rolling hills gorges and karst topography Yunnan Guizhou PlateauYungui PlateauKarst geography on the Yungui Plateau near GuiyangTopographic map of East Asia with Yungui Plateau highlightedFloor elevation500 m 1 600 ft to 2 500 m 8 200 ft GeographyCountryChinaProvincesYunnan GuizhouRegionSouthwest ChinaCoordinates26 N 105 E 26 N 105 E 26 105 Coordinates 26 N 105 E 26 N 105 E 26 105 Yunnan Guizhou PlateauTraditional Chinese雲貴高原Simplified Chinese云贵高原PostalYunnan Kweichow PlateauTranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinYungui GaoyuanWade GilesYun2 kuei4 Kao1 yuan2Yungui PlateauTraditional Chinese雲貴高原Simplified Chinese云贵高原PostalYunkwei PlateauTranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinYungui GaoyuanWade GilesYun2 kuei4 Kao1 yuan2Using a wider definition the Yunnan Guizhou Highlands make up the light green area on the lower part of this map Contents 1 Geography 1 1 Definition 1 2 Human geography 1 3 Physical geography 2 Climate and ecology 3 Footnotes 4 External linksGeography EditDefinition Edit Under the strictest definition the Yungui Plateau stretches from the Red River Fault in Yunnan in the southwest to the Wuling Mountains in Hunan in the northeast 1 This plateau region includes most of eastern Yunnan and most of Guizhou It is common however for much of the rest of Yunnan and surrounding highland areas to be referred to as part of the Yunnan Guizhou Plateau even where there are no plateau like characteristics 2 Under the broader definition of the Yungui Plateau the provinces would include not only Yunnan and Guizhou but also Gulin County and the southernmost extremes of Sichuan eastern Chongqing southwestern Hubei western Hunan and northwestern Guangxi 1 Human geography Edit Located in Southwest China the Yungui Plateau separates the Sichuan Basin from South China The area has long been considered a backwater region of China 3 Historically the plateau has been home to many minority peoples who have traditionally engaged in intensive agriculture along hills and in valleys Today the Yungui region is one of the most economically depressed areas of China and both Guizhou and Yunnan provinces are in the bottom three in rankings for the Human Development Index in China 4 Many residents on the Yungui Plateau live in a traditional fashion in rural villages Major cities on the Yungui Plateau include Kunming Guiyang and Zunyi The Yungui Plateau is home to many extreme engineering feats where railways and expressways have been built to traverse the challenging terrain The world s highest bridge the Beipanjiang Bridge is located on the Yunnan Guizhou border in the heart of the plateau Physical geography Edit The Yungui Plateau is a large mountainous region with rugged terrain including steep karst peaks and deep gorges 5 The plateau is buttressed by the large Hengduan Mountains to the northwest and by lowland regions to the north east and southeast Other major mountain ranges cross or surround portions of the Yungui Plateau The Wumeng Mountains and Wulian Feng form a barrier through north central Yungui along the Jinsha Upper Yangtze River To the north the Dalou Mountains run along the Yungui s edge with the Sichuan Basin The Wuling Mountains in the northeast form a transitional terrain between the plateau and the Yangtze Plain In the south the Miao Range steps down to the karst hills of South China Across the Red River to the southwest the Ailao Mountains form a definitive barrier 1 6 The high mountain peaks of Eastern Tibet are the source of many of Asia s great rivers which flow southerly towards the Yunnan Guizhou Plateau 7 The rivers split around the plateau with the Salween and Mekong keeping south and the Yangtze turning northeast Most of the western Yungui Plateau is drained by the Nanpan and Beipan Rivers both headwaters of the Pearl River The eastern Yungui Plateau is largely drained by the Wu River a tributary of the Yangtze Major lakes have formed in the Yunnan portions of the Yungui Plateau including Dian Chi and Fuxian Lake Erhai Lake is located on the plateau s western edge at the southern base of the Hengduan Mountains 1 Climate and ecology EditThe climate gradually transitions from drier in the southwest to rainier in the northeast In east central Yunnan parts of the Yungui Plateau experience a semi arid climate In most of Guizhou the climate is classified as humid subtropical The Yungui Plateau is covered by subtropical evergreen forests for much of its Yunnan portions and by mixed broadleaf forests for the Guizhou portions 8 9 Footnotes Edit a b c d Atlas of China Beijing China SinoMaps Press 2006 ISBN 9787503141782 Yunnan Guizhou Plateau Encyclopaedia Britannica Retrieved 2007 08 06 China s Southwest Lonely Planet 2007 ISBN 9781741041859 China National Human Development Report 2016 Social Innovation for Inclusive Human Development PDF China Publishing Group Corporation China Translation amp Publishing House 2016 Chinese History and Statistics Yunnan Guizhou Plateau Upland Retrieved 2007 08 06 Suettinger Robert Lee Kuo Ping chia Yunnan Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc Retrieved 31 August 2017 Yang Qinye 2004 Tibetan Geography Long Rivers with Distant Sources ISBN 9787508506654 Retrieved 2007 12 02 Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests Global Species Myers Enterprises II Retrieved 31 July 2017 Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests Global Species Myers Enterprises II Retrieved 31 July 2017 External links EditExpansion of the Chinese Paddy Rice to the Yannan Guizhou Plateau Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yunnan Guizhou Plateau amp oldid 1008242265, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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