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Yuri Drozdov (general)

Yuri Ivanovich Drozdov (Russian:Юрий Иванович Дроздов; 19 September 1925, Minsk – 21 June 2017, Moscow) was a high level Soviet and Russian security official. He was a recipient of the Order of Lenin (1981). He oversaw the KGB's Illegals Program from 1979 to 1991. Drozdov led Special Operation Storm-333, which started the Soviet–Afghan War.

Yuri Ivanovich was born in Minsk to the former Anastasia Kuzminichna Pankevich (1898-1987) from Lepel, Belarus, and Ivan Dmitrievich Drozdov (1894-1978).

His mother, Anastasia Kuzminichna, was a Belarusian typist with the English paper factory in Pereslavl-Zalessky, and then, after the Russian Civil War, in the secretariat of the then NKVD of Byelorussia. Her father, Kuzma Pankevich, fought as a partisan during the Great Patriotic War falling ill and dying at over 90 years old in 1943 near his home next to the Lepel Cemetery where he had been a guard since the Revolution.

His father, Ivan Dmitrievich, was a professional Czarist army artillery officer that fought on the Southwestern Front receiving the Cross of St. George for bravery after receiving an Austrian bayonet to the chest during the Great War and, after the Russian Revolution, became a Bolshevist with the Red Guards militia as the artillery commander of Chapayev's famed division during the Russian Civil War. He met Anastasia while he was in Mikhail Tukhachevsky's Red Army campaign on Warsaw during the Polish–Soviet War. Between the establishment of the Soviet Union and the Great Patriotic War, they lived in various places in Byelorussia, Ukraine, and Russia including Minsk and Kharkiv. Conscripted into the Red Army on December 17, 1942, from Yerakhtur or Erakhtur (Russian:Ерахтур) in the Ryazan Oblast (Russian:Ерахтурский РВК, Рязанская обл., Ерахтурский р-н), Ivan Dmitrievich fought with distinction during the Great Patriotic War in the victorious 5th Red Army on the 3rd Belorussian Front receiving the Medal "For Valor" (Russian:Медаль «За отвагу») for actions taken on March 2, 1945, to capture the Wehrmacht's center of defenses by destroying three German submachine gunners with grenades. He spent one and a half years recovering from a bullet wound to his lungs. Later, he became the chief of staff of the military department at the Kazan University. He and his wife spent their final years in Kazan where he first started his military career.

In 1940, Yuri Ivanovich began his military training at the 14th Special Artillery School in Kharkiv where his father had been on the faculty since 1937. When the war began, he evacuated to Aktyubinsk to work at a tank repair plant. He was only 17 when he graduated from school in June 1943 and entered the Red Army in July 1943 for military training at the Red Army Military Technical Academy (the Leningrad Artillery School known today as Mikhailovskaya Military Artillery Academy (Russian:Михайловская военная артиллерийская академия). During the Great Patriotic War, he was a Lieutenant on the 1st Belorussian Front and commanded a fire platoon of an anti-tank battalion under the command of famed Nestor Kozin in the 52nd Guards Rifle Division which victoriously entered Berlin in the spring of 1945. He served with distinction receiving the Order of the Red Star (Russian:Орден Красной Звезды). Following the War, he continued his service with the Red Army and later the Soviet Army in Germany and the Baltics. In 1952, Drozdov began his studies of German and English at the Soviet Army's Military Institute of Foreign Languages in Moscow and then, in 1956, graduated as a German and English linguist and transferred to the KGB.

In the spring of 1957 until August, he began his illegals career posing as a Silesian in Leipzig and then transferred to Berlin where he, under Alexander Mikhailovich Korotkov, the KGB commander in the GDR, was a KGB liaison officer to the Stasi, living in West Berlin to increase his fluency and become more convincing in his alias. He had several roles as an illegal including the violent SS man Baron Hoenshtein, who received valuable intelligence information from his connections, and then as Inspector Kleinert, who obtained cover documents for other Soviet illegals. This was merely the beginning of the most illustrious person in the history of the KGB's First Chief Directorate.

On Glienicke Bridge between Potsdam and Berlin during the February 10, 1962, prisoner exchange of Francis Gary Powers, who had been shot down during the 1960 U-2 incident, and KGB Colonel Vilyam Genrikhovich "Willie" Fisher (alias Rudolf Abel), who had been convicted of espionage activities against the West during the Hollow Nickel Case, Drozdov (alias Jurgen Drews, Abel's purported German cousin) facilitated the transfer with Abel's attorney, James B. Donovan. The classic 1968 Soviet film, The Shield and the Sword depicting the prisoner exchange, inspired Russian President Vladimir Putin to join the KGB.

In 1963, he returned to Moscow for graduate studies. In 1964-1968 during the Cultural Revolution, he served as the KGB resident in Communist China which also was a time of increased Sino-Soviet tensions. In New York in 1975-1979, he became the Soviet Union's deputy representative to the United Nations as the KGB resident.

Paving the way for the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 as the new KGB Chief of Directorate S, he led the 43 minute Special Operation Storm-333 beginning at 7:30pm on Friday, December 27, 1979, in which KGB forces stormed the Afghan presidential palace replacing President Hafizullah Amin with their own puppet Babrak Karmal. This action was the beginning phase of the Soviet Union's protracted Soviet Union-Afghanistan War (1979-1987). He led the Directorate S until 1991 establishing Vympel within the KGB's First Chief Directorate as a dedicated spetsnaz unit that specialized in deep penetration, sabotage, universal direct and covert action, protection of Soviet embassies and espionage cell activation in case of war.

After his resignation from the KGB, he worked for his company, Namakon (Namacon in the West), to provide security and logistics to foreign businessmen, political analysis, and finding office space and performing background checks for Western businesses in Russia.

Drozdov met his wife, the former Lyudmila Yudenich, during World War II. He was a member of the Russian Orthodox Church and owned an icon of Tsar Nicholas II, acquired at some point following the Fall of Communism. He died in Moscow on 21 June 2017 and was buried with military honors at the Troyekurovskoye Cemetery.

  1. Directorate S is the illegals section of the KGB.
  2. Storm-333 was part of the much larger Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan code named Operation Baikal-79 which began at 3pm on December 25, 1979. The Soviet leadership intended to stop the CIA from establishing a new Great Ottoman Empire with the Soviet Union's central Asian republics, secure this southern Soviet region, which lacked proper air defenses, from possible Pershing-type missile attacks, prevent Pakistan and Iran from gaining Afghan uranium deposits, stop the CIA's support of the Basmachi movement, and to prevent the United States from gaining the precious resources of Tajikistan and the Pamirs.
  1. "ДРОЗДОВ Юрий Иванович" [The history of domestic special services and law enforcement agencies: Drozdov, Yuri Ivanovich]. История отечественных спецслужб и правоохранительных органов (in Russian). RetrievedDecember 6, 2017.
  2. Smith, Harrison (2017-06-21). "Yuri Drozdov, Soviet spymaster who planted agents across the West, dies at 91". The Washington Post. Retrieved2017-07-15.
  3. Dolgopolov, Nikolai (September 2010). "Interview of a Soviet Spymaster". Rossiiskaya Gazeta. Translated by Hackard, Mark. RetrievedDecember 6, 2017 – via espionagehistoryarchive.com.
  4. Антонов, Владимир Сергеевич (July 7, 2017). "Генерал особого назначения: Юрий Дроздов до последнего дня находился на острие атаки" [A General for special purposes: Yuri Drozdov until the last day was at the forefront of the attack]. nvo.ng.ru (in Russian). RetrievedDecember 6, 2017.
  5. Drozdov, Yuri Ivanovich. "Кто заказывает молодежь? Откуда "оппозиция, "скинхэды"..?" [Who orders young people? Where is the opposition, the skinheads ..?] (in Russian). litresp.ru. RetrievedDecember 8, 2017.
  6. Kishkovsky, Sophia (July 10, 2017). "Yuri Drozdov, Soviet Superspy Who Planted 'Illegals' in Other Countries, Dies at 91". New York Times. RetrievedDecember 6, 2017.
  7. ДРОЗДОВ, ЮРИЙ (May 15, 2017). "2 ВМЕСТО АНКЕТЫ". Записки начальника нелегальной разведки [Notes of the Chief of Illegal Intelligence] (in Russian). OLMA-PRESS. RetrievedDecember 8, 2017 – via litra.pro.
  8. "Дроздов Иван Дмитриевич". pamyat-naroda.ru (in Russian). RetrievedDecember 8, 2017.
  9. "Дроздов Юрий Иванович". pamyat-naroda.ru (in Russian). RetrievedDecember 8, 2017.
  10. Ponniah, Kevin (June 23, 2017). "Yuri Drozdov: The man who turned Soviet spies into Americans". BBC. RetrievedDecember 6, 2017.
  11. "Soviet spymaster Yuri Drozdov dies at 91". Associated Press. June 21, 2017. RetrievedDecember 6, 2017.
  12. Barry, Ellen (June 29, 2010). "'Illegals' Spy Ring Famed in Lore of Russian Spying". The New York Times. RetrievedOctober 27, 2017.
  13. "Interview with a Soviet Spymaster". espionagehistoryarchive.com. RetrievedApril 1, 2015.

Yuri Drozdov (general)
Yuri Drozdov general Language Watch Edit Yuri Ivanovich Drozdov Russian Yurij Ivanovich Drozdov 19 September 1925 Minsk 21 June 2017 Moscow was a high level Soviet and Russian security official He was a recipient of the Order of Lenin 1981 1 He oversaw the KGB s Illegals Program from 1979 to 1991 2 Drozdov led Special Operation Storm 333 which started the Soviet Afghan War 2 3 image of Yuri Drozdov Contents 1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Books he authored 5 Notes 6 ReferencesEarly life EditYuri Ivanovich was born in Minsk to the former Anastasia Kuzminichna Pankevich 1898 1987 from Lepel Belarus and Ivan Dmitrievich Drozdov 1894 1978 His mother Anastasia Kuzminichna was a Belarusian typist with the English paper factory in Pereslavl Zalessky and then after the Russian Civil War in the secretariat of the then NKVD of Byelorussia 4 5 6 Her father Kuzma Pankevich fought as a partisan during the Great Patriotic War falling ill and dying at over 90 years old in 1943 near his home next to the Lepel Cemetery where he had been a guard since the Revolution 5 His father Ivan Dmitrievich was a professional Czarist army artillery officer that fought on the Southwestern Front receiving the Cross of St George for bravery after receiving an Austrian bayonet to the chest during the Great War and after the Russian Revolution became a Bolshevist with the Red Guards militia as the artillery commander of Chapayev s famed division during the Russian Civil War 4 5 6 7 He met Anastasia while he was in Mikhail Tukhachevsky s Red Army campaign on Warsaw during the Polish Soviet War 4 Between the establishment of the Soviet Union and the Great Patriotic War they lived in various places in Byelorussia Ukraine and Russia including Minsk and Kharkiv Conscripted into the Red Army on December 17 1942 from Yerakhtur or Erakhtur Russian Erahtur in the Ryazan Oblast Russian Erahturskij RVK Ryazanskaya obl Erahturskij r n Ivan Dmitrievich fought with distinction during the Great Patriotic War in the victorious 5th Red Army on the 3rd Belorussian Front receiving the Medal For Valor Russian Medal Za otvagu for actions taken on March 2 1945 to capture the Wehrmacht s center of defenses by destroying three German submachine gunners with grenades 8 He spent one and a half years recovering from a bullet wound to his lungs 7 Later he became the chief of staff of the military department at the Kazan University He and his wife spent their final years in Kazan where he first started his military career 7 Career EditIn 1940 Yuri Ivanovich began his military training at the 14th Special Artillery School in Kharkiv where his father had been on the faculty since 1937 1 4 When the war began he evacuated to Aktyubinsk to work at a tank repair plant 1 He was only 17 when he graduated from school in June 1943 and entered the Red Army in July 1943 for military training at the Red Army Military Technical Academy the Leningrad Artillery School known today as Mikhailovskaya Military Artillery Academy Russian Mihajlovskaya voennaya artillerijskaya akademiya 1 During the Great Patriotic War he was a Lieutenant on the 1st Belorussian Front and commanded a fire platoon of an anti tank battalion under the command of famed Nestor Kozin in the 52nd Guards Rifle Division which victoriously entered Berlin in the spring of 1945 1 6 He served with distinction receiving the Order of the Red Star Russian Orden Krasnoj Zvezdy 9 Following the War he continued his service with the Red Army and later the Soviet Army in Germany and the Baltics 4 In 1952 Drozdov began his studies of German and English at the Soviet Army s Military Institute of Foreign Languages in Moscow and then in 1956 graduated as a German and English linguist and transferred to the KGB 4 10 In the spring of 1957 until August he began his illegals career posing as a Silesian in Leipzig and then transferred to Berlin where he under Alexander Mikhailovich Korotkov the KGB commander in the GDR was a KGB liaison officer to the Stasi living in West Berlin to increase his fluency and become more convincing in his alias 4 6 11 He had several roles as an illegal including the violent SS man Baron Hoenshtein who received valuable intelligence information from his connections and then as Inspector Kleinert who obtained cover documents for other Soviet illegals 4 This was merely the beginning of the most illustrious person in the history of the KGB s First Chief Directorate 10 On Glienicke Bridge between Potsdam and Berlin during the February 10 1962 prisoner exchange of Francis Gary Powers who had been shot down during the 1960 U 2 incident and KGB Colonel Vilyam Genrikhovich Willie Fisher alias Rudolf Abel who had been convicted of espionage activities against the West during the Hollow Nickel Case Drozdov alias Jurgen Drews Abel s purported German cousin facilitated the transfer with Abel s attorney James B Donovan 6 The classic 1968 Soviet film The Shield and the Sword depicting the prisoner exchange inspired Russian President Vladimir Putin to join the KGB 11 In 1963 he returned to Moscow for graduate studies 4 In 1964 1968 during the Cultural Revolution he served as the KGB resident in Communist China which also was a time of increased Sino Soviet tensions 11 In New York in 1975 1979 he became the Soviet Union s deputy representative to the United Nations as the KGB resident 6 11 Paving the way for the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 as the new KGB Chief of Directorate S a he led the 43 minute Special Operation Storm 333 b beginning at 7 30pm on Friday December 27 1979 in which KGB forces stormed the Afghan presidential palace replacing President Hafizullah Amin with their own puppet Babrak Karmal 2 This action was the beginning phase of the Soviet Union s protracted Soviet Union Afghanistan War 1979 1987 He led the Directorate S until 1991 establishing Vympel within the KGB s First Chief Directorate as a dedicated spetsnaz unit that specialized in deep penetration sabotage universal direct and covert action protection of Soviet embassies and espionage cell activation in case of war 12 After his resignation from the KGB he worked for his company Namakon Namacon in the West to provide security and logistics to foreign businessmen political analysis and finding office space and performing background checks for Western businesses in Russia 2 6 Personal life EditDrozdov met his wife the former Lyudmila Yudenich during World War II 6 He was a member of the Russian Orthodox Church and owned an icon of Tsar Nicholas II acquired at some point following the Fall of Communism 13 He died in Moscow on 21 June 2017 and was buried with military honors at the Troyekurovskoye Cemetery 4 5 Books he authored EditYuri Drozdov 2016 No Fiction Notes of the Chief of Illegal Intelligence Fartishev Vasily and Drozdov Yuri Yurij Andropov i Vladimir Putin Na puti k vozrozhdeniyu in Russian translated title Yuri Andropov and Vladimir Putin on the path for revitalizing Moscow Olma Press 2001 352 pages ISBN 5 224 01933 8 Notes Edit Directorate S is the illegals section of the KGB Storm 333 was part of the much larger Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan code named Operation Baikal 79 which began at 3pm on December 25 1979 4 The Soviet leadership intended to stop the CIA from establishing a new Great Ottoman Empire with the Soviet Union s central Asian republics secure this southern Soviet region which lacked proper air defenses from possible Pershing type missile attacks prevent Pakistan and Iran from gaining Afghan uranium deposits stop the CIA s support of the Basmachi movement and to prevent the United States from gaining the precious resources of Tajikistan and the Pamirs 4 References Edit a b c d e DROZDOV Yurij Ivanovich The history of domestic special services and law enforcement agencies Drozdov Yuri Ivanovich Istoriya otechestvennyh specsluzhb i pravoohranitelnyh organov in Russian Retrieved December 6 2017 a b c d Smith Harrison 2017 06 21 Yuri Drozdov Soviet spymaster who planted agents across the West dies at 91 The Washington Post Retrieved 2017 07 15 Dolgopolov Nikolai September 2010 Interview of a Soviet Spymaster Rossiiskaya Gazeta Translated by Hackard Mark Retrieved December 6 2017 via espionagehistoryarchive com a b c d e f g h i j k l Antonov Vladimir Sergeevich July 7 2017 General osobogo naznacheniya Yurij Drozdov do poslednego dnya nahodilsya na ostrie ataki A General for special purposes Yuri Drozdov until the last day was at the forefront of the attack nvo ng ru in Russian Retrieved December 6 2017 a b c d Drozdov Yuri Ivanovich Kto zakazyvaet molodezh Otkuda oppoziciya skinhedy Who orders young people Where is the opposition the skinheads in Russian litresp ru Retrieved December 8 2017 a b c d e f g h Kishkovsky Sophia July 10 2017 Yuri Drozdov Soviet Superspy Who Planted Illegals in Other Countries Dies at 91 New York Times Retrieved December 6 2017 a b c DROZDOV YuRIJ May 15 2017 2 VMESTO ANKETY Zapiski nachalnika nelegalnoj razvedki Notes of the Chief of Illegal Intelligence in Russian OLMA PRESS Retrieved December 8 2017 via litra pro Drozdov Ivan Dmitrievich pamyat naroda ru in Russian Retrieved December 8 2017 Drozdov Yurij Ivanovich pamyat naroda ru in Russian Retrieved December 8 2017 a b Ponniah Kevin June 23 2017 Yuri Drozdov The man who turned Soviet spies into Americans BBC Retrieved December 6 2017 a b c d Soviet spymaster Yuri Drozdov dies at 91 Associated Press June 21 2017 Retrieved December 6 2017 Barry Ellen June 29 2010 Illegals Spy Ring Famed in Lore of Russian Spying The New York Times Retrieved October 27 2017 Interview with a Soviet Spymaster espionagehistoryarchive com Retrieved April 1 2015 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Yuri Drozdov general amp oldid 1037000167, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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