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Viktor Yushchenko

Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:Віктор Андрійович Ющенко, IPA: (); born 23 February 1954) is a Ukrainian politician who was the third President of Ukraine from 23 January 2005 to 25 February 2010.

Viktor Yushchenko

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Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko was born on 23 February 1954, in Khoruzhivka, Sumy Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union, into a family of teachers. His father, Andriy Andriyovych Yushchenko (1919–1992) fought in the Second World War, was captured by German forces and imprisoned as a POW in a series of concentration camps in the German Reich, including Auschwitz-Birkenau. He survived the ordeal, and after returning home, taught English at a local school. Viktor's mother, Varvara Tymofiyovna Yushchenko (1918–2005), taught physics and mathematics at the same school. The Sumy Oblast region where he was born is predominantly Ukrainian-speaking, and this differentiated him in later life from his political counterparts, for whom Russian was the mother tongue.

Viktor Yushchenko graduated from the Ternopil Finance and Economics Institute in 1975 and began work as an accountant, as a deputy to the chief accountant in a kolkhoz. Then, from 1975 to 1976, he served as a conscript in the Transcaucasian Military District on the SovietTurkish border.

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In 1976 Yushchenko began a career in banking. In 1983, he became the Deputy Director for Agricultural Credit at the Ukrainian Republican Office of the Soviet Union State Bank. From 1990 to 1993, he worked as vice-chairman and first vice-chairman of the JSC Agroindustrial Bank Ukraina. In 1993, he was appointed Governor of the National Bank of Ukraine (Ukraine's central bank). In 1997, Verkhovna Rada, the parliament of Ukraine, re-appointed him.

As a central banker, Yushchenko played an important part in the creation of Ukraine's national currency, the hryvnia, and the establishment of a modern regulatory system for commercial banking. He also successfully overcame a debilitating wave of hyper-inflation that hit the country—he brought inflation down from more than 10,000 percent to less than 10 percent—and managed to defend the value of the currency following the 1998 Russian financial crisis.

In 1998, he wrote a thesis entitled "The Development of Supply and Demand of Money in Ukraine" and defended it in the Ukrainian Academy of Banking. He thereby earned a doctorate in economics.

In December 1999, Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma unexpectedly nominated Yushchenko to be the prime minister after the parliament failed by one vote to ratify the previous candidate, Valeriy Pustovoytenko.

Ukraine's economy improved during Yushchenko's cabinet service. However, his government, particularly Deputy Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, soon became embroiled in a confrontation with influential leaders of the coal mining and natural gas industries. The conflict resulted in a no-confidence vote by the parliament on 26 April 2001, orchestrated by the Communists, who opposed Yushchenko's economic policies, and by centrist groups associated with the country's powerful "oligarchs." The vote passed 263 to 69 and resulted in Yushchenko's removal from office.

Yushchenko with fellow opposition leader Oleksandr Moroz during the Orange Revolution
Yushchenko's approval rating stood at 7% as of October 2009 according to FOM-Ukraine polling results.

In 2002, Yushchenko became the leader of the Our Ukraine (Nasha Ukrayina) political coalition, which received a plurality of seats in the year's parliamentary election. However, the number of seats won was not a majority, and efforts to form a majority coalition with other opposition parties failed. Since then, Yushchenko has remained the leader and public face of the Our Ukraine parliamentary faction.[citation needed]

In 2001, both Yushchenko and Yulia Tymoshenko broached at creating a broad opposition bloc against the incumbent President Leonid Kuchma in order to win the Ukrainian presidential election 2004.

In late 2002 Yushchenko, Oleksandr Moroz (Socialist Party of Ukraine), Petro Symonenko (Communist Party of Ukraine) and Yulia Tymoshenko (Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc) issued a joint statement concerning "the beginning of a state revolution in Ukraine". Though the communists stepped out of the alliance and though Symonenko opposed having one single candidate from the alliance in the 2004 presidential election, the other three parties remained allies until July 2006.

On 2 July 2004 Our Ukraine and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc established the Force of the people, a coalition which aimed to stop "the destructive process that has, as a result of the incumbent authorities, become a characteristic for Ukraine", at the time President Kuchma and Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych were the incumbent authorities in Ukraine. The pact included a promise by Viktor Yushchenko to nominate Tymoshenko as Prime Minister if Yushchenko would win the October 2004 presidential election.

Yushchenko was widely regarded as the moderate political leader of the anti-Kuchma opposition, since other opposition parties were less influential and had fewer seats in parliament. Since becoming President of Ukraine in 2005, he has been an honorary leader of the Our Ukraine party.

From 2001 to 2004, his rankings in popularity polls were higher than those of President Leonid Kuchma. In later public opinion polls, though, his support plummeted from a high of 52% following his election in 2004 to below 4%.

However, in the parliamentary elections of March 2006, the Our Ukraine party, led by Prime Minister Yuriy Yekhanurov, received less than 14% of the national vote, taking third place behind the Party of Regions and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc. In a poll by the Sofia Social Research Centre between 27 July and 7 August 2007 more than 52% of those polled said they distrusted Yushchenko.

Viktor Yushchenko (First round) – percentage of total national vote
Pro-Orange Revolution demonstration in Brussels, Belgium

In 2004, as President Kuchma's term came to an end, Yushchenko announced his candidacy for president as an independent. His major rival was Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych. Since his term as prime minister, Yushchenko had slightly modernized his political platform, adding social partnership and other liberal slogans to older ideas of European integration, including Ukraine's joining NATO and fighting corruption. Supporters of Yushchenko were organized in the "Syla Narodu" ("Power to the People") electoral coalition, which he and his political allies led, with the Our Ukraine coalition as the main constituent force.

Yushchenko built his campaign on face-to-face communication with voters, since the government prevented most major TV channels from providing equal coverage to candidates. Meanwhile, his rival, Yanukovych, frequently appeared in the news and even accused Yushchenko, whose father was a Red Army soldier imprisoned at Auschwitz, of being "a Nazi," even though Yushchenko actively reached out to the Jewish community in Ukraine and his mother is said to have risked her life by hiding three Jewish girls for one and a half years during the Second World War.

TCDD poisoning

Yushchenko at the University of Amsterdam, with chloracne from TCDD poisoning (2006).

The campaign was often bitter and violent. Yushchenko became seriously ill in early September 2004. He was flown to Vienna's Rudolfinerhaus clinic for treatment and diagnosed with acute pancreatitis, accompanied by interstitial edematous changes, due to a serious viral infection and chemical substances that are not normally found in food products. Yushchenko claimed that he had been poisoned by government agents. After the illness, his face was greatly disfigured: jaundiced, bloated, and pockmarked.

British toxicologist Professor John Henry of St Mary's Hospital in London declared the changes in Yushchenko's face were due to chloracne, which results from dioxin poisoning. Dutch toxicologist Bram Brouwer also stated his changes in appearance were the result of chloracne, and found dioxin levels in Yushchenko's blood 6,000 times above normal.

On 11 December, Dr. Michael Zimpfer of the Rudolfinerhaus clinic declared that Yushchenko had ingested TCDD dioxin and had 1,000 times the usual concentration in his body.

Many have linked Yushchenko's poisoning to a dinner with a group of senior Ukrainian officials (including Volodymyr Satsyuk) that took place on 5 September.

Since 2005, Yushchenko has been treated by a team of doctors led by Professor Jean Saurat at the University of Geneva Hospital. Analysis of Yushchenko's body fluids and tissues provided useful information on the human toxicokinetics of TCDD and its metabolites.

Yushchenko himself implicated David Zhvania, the godfather of one of his children, of involvement in his dioxin poisoning.

In August 2009, The Lancet published a scientific paper by Swiss and Ukrainian researchers on the monitoring, form, distribution, and elimination of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in Yushchenko in relation to his severe poisoning. The 2004 TCDD levels in Yushchenko's blood serum were 50,000-fold greater than those in the general population. This new study also concluded that the dioxin "was so pure that it was definitely made in a laboratory".

On 27 September 2009, Yushchenko said in an interview aired on Channel 1+1 that the testimony of three men who were at a dinner in 2004 at which he believes he was poisoned is crucial to finishing the investigation, and he claimed these men were in Russia. Ukrainian prosecutors said Russia has refused to extradite one of the men, the former deputy chief of Ukraine's security service, Volodymyr Satsyuk, because he holds both Russian and Ukrainian citizenship. After arriving in Russia Satsyuk was granted Russian citizenship protecting him from extradition.

Unprecedented three rounds of voting

The initial vote, held on 31 October 2004, saw Yushchenko obtain 39.87% of vote, ahead of his opponent Yanukovych with 39.32%. Because neither candidate reached the 50% majority required for outright victory, a second round of run-off voting was held on 21 November 2004. Although a 75% voter turnout was recorded, observers reported many irregularities and abuses across the country, such as organized multiple voting and extra votes for Yanukovych after the polls closed. Exit poll results put Yushchenko ahead in the western and central provinces of the country, and one poll gave him an 11% margin of victory. However, the final official result was a 3% margin of victory for Yanukovych.

The allegations of electoral fraud and the discrepancy between exit polls and the final tally prompted Yushchenko and his supporters to refuse to recognize the results.

After thirteen days of massive popular protests in Kyiv and other Ukrainian cities that became known as the Orange Revolution, the Supreme Court overturned the election results and ordered a re-vote of the run-off election for 26 December. Yushchenko proclaimed a victory for the opposition and declared his confidence that he would be elected with at least 60% of the vote. He did win the re-vote of second round, but with 52% of the vote.

Inauguration

At 12 pm (Kyiv time) on 23 January 2005 the inauguration of Viktor Yushchenko as the President of Ukraine took place. The event was attended by various foreign dignitaries, including:

Presidency

Yushchenko meeting then-United States President George W. Bush at an April 2005 press conference.

The first 100 days of Yushchenko's term, 23 January 2005 through 1 May 2005, were marked by numerous dismissals and appointments at all levels of the executive branch. He appointed Yulia Tymoshenko as Prime Minister and the appointment was ratified by parliament. Oleksandr Zinchenko was appointed the head of the presidential secretariat with a nominal title of Secretary of State. Petro Poroshenko, a fierce competitor of Tymoshenko for the post of Prime Minister, was appointed Secretary of the Security and Defense Council.

May 2005 saw Ukraine host the Eurovision Song Contest in the capital of Kyiv. Some accused Yushchenko of attempting to gain political capital from the event, with his appearance on stage at the end criticised as 'undignified' by certain commentators. During 2005, Yushchenko was in confident mood, making such pledges as solving the Gongadze case to the removal of Russia's Black Sea Fleet.

In August 2005, Yushchenko joined with Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili in signing the Borjomi Declaration, which called for the creation of an institution of international cooperation, the Community of Democratic Choice, to bring together the democracies and incipient democracies in the region around the Baltic, Black, and Caspian Seas. The first meeting of presidents and leaders to discuss the CDC took place on 1–2 December 2005 in Kyiv.

According to former Security Service of Ukraine Chairman Oleksandr Turchynov, Yushchenko prevented in the summer of 2005 an investigation into allegedly fraudulent practices in the transport of Turkmen natural gas to Ukraine and the arrest of Yuri Boyko for abuse of office while heading Naftogaz.

Dismissal of other Orange Revolution members

On 8 September 2005, Yushchenko fired his government, led by Yulia Tymoshenko, after resignations and claims of corruption.

On 9 September, acting Prime Minister Yuriy Yekhanurov tried to form a new government. His first attempt, on 20 September, fell short by 3 votes of the necessary 226, but on 22 September the parliament ratified his government with 289 votes.

Also in September 2005, former president Leonid Kravchuk accused exiled Russian tycoon Boris Berezovsky of financing Yushchenko's presidential election campaign, and provided copies of documents showing money transfers from companies he said were controlled by Berezovsky to companies controlled by Yushchenko's official backers. Berezovsky confirmed that he met Yushchenko's representatives in London before the election, and that the money was transferred from his companies, but he refused to confirm or deny that the money was used in Yushchenko's campaign. Financing of election campaigns by foreign citizens is illegal in Ukraine.

In August 2006, Yushchenko appointed his onetime opponent in the presidential race, Viktor Yanukovych, to be the new Prime Minister. This was generally regarded as indicating a rapprochement with Russia.

First dissolution of Parliament

On 2 April 2007, Yushchenko signed an order to dissolve the parliament and call early elections. Some consider the dissolution order illegal because none of the conditions spelled out under Article 90 of the Constitution of Ukraine for the president to dissolve the legislature had been met. Yushchenko's detractors argued that he was attempting to usurp the functions of the Constitutional Court by claiming constitutional violations by the parliament as a pretext for his action; the parliament appealed the Constitutional Court itself and promised to abide by its ruling. In the meantime, the parliament continued to meet and banned the financing of any new election pending the Constitutional Court's decision. Competing protests took place and the crisis escalated. In May 2007, Yushchenko illegally dismissed three members of Ukraine's Constitutional Court, thus preventing the court from ruling on the constitutionality of his decree dismissing Ukraine's parliament.

Second dissolution of Parliament (2007) and conflict with Tymoshenko (2008–2009)

Yushchenko in March 2009

Yushchenko again tried to dissolve the parliament on 9 October 2008 by announcing parliamentary elections to be held on 7 December. Yushchenko's decree was suspended and has since lapsed. Yushchenko in defense of his actions said, "I am deeply convinced that the democratic coalition was ruined by one thing alone—human ambition. The ambition of one person." Political groups including members of his own Our Ukraine party contested the election decree and politicians vowed to challenge it in the courts.

Yushchenko and Yulia Tymoshenko representing their parties ("Our Ukraine" and "Fatherland") at the Summit of European People's Party, Lisbon, Portugal, 18 October 2007

In December 2008, following a back room revolt from members of Our Ukraine-Peoples' Self Defense Party a revised coalition was formed between members of Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (OU-PSD), the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko (BYuT), and the Lytvyn Bloc (LB), increasing the size of the governing coalition by an additional 20 members. Yushchenko in responding to journalists questions claimed "The fact is that the so-called coalition was formed on basis of political corruption, this coalition will be able to work only if the Communist Party will join it. Speaking about such a type of coalition, it is even more shameful." Victor Yushchenko also stated that Yulia Tymoshenko's desire to keep her job as Prime Minister was the main motive for creating the coalition and that he wanted to expel the OU-PSD lawmakers who supported the creation of the coalition from the list of members of parliament.

Yushchenko claimed (19 March 2009) that his conflicts with Tymoshenko are not due to personal differences, but to the incompleteness of the constitutional reforms of 2004.

On 23 July 2009, under the terms of Ukraine's Constitution the president cannot dismiss the parliament within six months from the expiration of his five-year term of authority, which ends on 23 January 2010.

2010 presidential election

Viktor Yushchenko (First round) – percentage of total national vote (5.5%)

On 10 November 2009, Viktor Yushchenko was nominated for a second term as President, with the election to be held on 17 January 2010. In late November 2009 he stated he was going to leave politics after his second term run. During the campaign Yushchenko stated his fellow candidates "Tymoshenko and Yanukovych are not the ideologists who care about the fate of Ukraine and its interests. These are two political adventurers" and that Ukraine's independence and sovereignty was at the time more jeopardized than five to ten years earlier.

The first round of elections took place on 17 January 2010, and Yushchenko collapsed to a distant fifth place with only 5.45% of the vote. His result became the worst result for any sitting President in history.

Yushchenko stated that he wants to continue to defend democracy in Ukraine and that he wants to return to the presidential post.

On 22 January 2010, as outgoing President of Ukraine Yushchenko officially rehabilitated one of Ukraine's most controversial World War II-era figures, the ultranationalist leader Stepan Bandera, awarding him the title of Hero of Ukraine. The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists even set up multi national assemblies of the occupied peoples of the Soviet union in which more than 12 Soviet Republics were represented, such as Kazakhstan, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Russia and others. Yushchenko's decision immediately caused an uproar and was condemned by European Parliament, Russian, Polish and Jewish organizations, and was declared illegal by the following Ukrainian government and a court decision in April 2010. In January 2011, the award was officially annulled.

In the second round of Ukraine's presidential election, Yushchenko did not support either of the candidates, Victor Yanukovych or Yulia Tymoshenko.

Yushchenko attributed his low popularity ratings to adherence to his principles. "Ukraine is a European democratic country", Yushchenko said at the polling station. "It is a free nation and free people." In the following days, he said that "Ukraine doesn’t have a decent choice" for his replacement. "Both candidates are alienated from national, European, and democratic values. I don’t see a principal difference between them." However, his low approval ratings may also be attributable to his tacit support for his former adversary Yanukovych, between rounds one and two. Yushchenko removed the Kharkiv and Dniproptrovsk governors who had expressed support for Tymoshenko and had refused to provide administrative resources for Yanukovych's campaign.[citation needed][original research?]

Yushchenko didn't attend the inauguration ceremony of President Yanukovych.

On 10 March 2010, Yushchenko indicated his future plans would largely depend on Yanukovych's performance. A day earlier, Yushchenko's former ally turned rival, Yulia Tymoshenko, took up the mantle as leader of the democratic opposition. But Yushchenko warned that her leadership will end in disaster, noting, "Every political force that united with Tymoshenko ended badly." On 31 May 2010 Yushchenko stated that Yulia Tymoshenko was his "worst mistake": "The most serious mistake was to give the power to her twice".

Later career including 2012 parliamentary elections

On 18 April 2010, Yushchenko and his wife (along with President Yanukovych and former Prime Minister Tymoshenko) journeyed to Poland to attend the state funeral of President Lech Kaczyński in Kraków. Due to the widespread air disruptions in Europe due to the eruptions in Iceland, the Yushchenkos journeyed by car from Kyiv.

Yushchenko testified against his former ally Yulia Tymoshenko during her trial over a 2009 natural gas treaty she brokered with Russia; a trial he called "a normal judicial process". Yushchenko's view differed from that of the EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, who said in a statement the Tymoshenko verdict showed justice was being applied "selectively in politically motivated prosecutions".

Late September 2011 Yushchenko stated he intended to run for parliament on an Our Ukraine party ticket at the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary elections. Mid-February 2012 Yushchenko stated he was ready to take part in this election on a list of the united opposition, but not in a majority constituency. In these election Yushchenko headed the election list of Our Ukraine; the party won 1.11% of the national votes and no constituencies and thus failed to win parliamentary representation.

In February 2013 Yushchenko intended to be a candidate during the next presidential election (at the time scheduled to be in 2015).

Euromaidan and 2014 election

In an interview with the French radio station Europe 1 in March 2014, Yushchenko stated that he supported the Euromaidan protests and opposed the Russian intervention in Crimea, noting that in his view "Putin dreams of reconstructing the Soviet empire under the name of Russia. He is so obsessed with this that he hasn't understood power balance." He further stated that "Crimea isn't Russian; rather it is Ukrainian".

With regard to the 2014 Presidential elections, Yushchenko indicated his support for Vitali Klitschko, and described Tymoshenko as "the candidate of Moscow". Yushchenko himself did not stand as a candidate in these elections.

Yushchenko

On 31 March 2009, in his address to the nation before Parliament, Yushchenko proposed sweeping government reform changes and an economic and social plan to ameliorate current economic conditions in Ukraine and apparently to respond to standing structural problems in Ukraine's political system.

The proposal, which Yushchenko called a 'next big step forward for fairness and prosperity in Ukraine' included the following proposals:

  • Restore financial stability in the country by implementing the International Monetary Fund reforms and a balanced budget
  • Abolish parliamentary immunity
  • Fair pension system based on the number of years of work and salary received
  • Pass a realistic state budget for 2009 that reduces inflation and stabilizes the hryvnia
  • Have the state assume responsibility for struggling banks
  • Rejuvenate rural areas by eliminating state interference in agriculture production
  • Promote Ukrainian products abroad to increase sales for Ukraine's producers
  • European Union membership and increased trade while simultaneously improving relations and trade with Russia
  • Allow voters to elect members of parliament from the areas where they live
  • Open up party lists for both parliamentary and local elections
  • Create bicameral parliament to bring stability to the legislative branch
  • Reduce the number of members of parliament

Yushchenko also advocates NATO membership for Ukraine and is against promoting Russian as the second state language in Ukraine.

According to Yushchenko, a good future for the country is impossible without national unity. Yushchenko also advocates the formation of a single Orthodox Church in Ukraine, thus unifying the current three branches of the Orthodox church in Ukraine (the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate, the only one recognized by the world orthodox community, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kyiv Patriarchate and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church).

Actions by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army have been praised by Yushchenko, and he has tried to give anti-Soviet partisans who fought in World War II the status of war veterans.

According to Yushchenko the difficulties of relations between Ukraine and Russia are because the countries follow different directions and have different system of values. Yushchenko thinks that "the Russia-Georgia war of August 2008 poses a threat that European leaders still haven’t addressed". He has called for a demarcation of borders between Russia and Ukraine, which has been delayed by Russia since Ukraine won independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. During the campaign for the Ukrainian presidential election, 2010 Yushchenko said Russia's influence was again a factor in the upcoming election and warned of "interference" from Moscow in the distribution of Russian passports to residents of Crimea. He has also stated (on 10 December 2009) "Russia is a friendly country and that it would be a great mistake for Ukraine to lose these relations or to slow down their development; I believe that there will appear politicians in Russia, who will respect the rights of all neighbors, including Ukraine".

Yushchenko's 2010 presidential election program promised visa-free travel with EU, the withdrawal of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation by 2017 and "an active dialogue with all of Ukraine's neighbours based on the principles of equal rights, good neighbourly relations and mutual trust", but did not mention NATO membership. Yushchenko also believed that the 2008–2009 Ukrainian financial crisis could be tackled with the help of reconstruction, including road reconstruction. Furthermore, the program banned tax collection in advance, would return non-reimbursed VAT, create equal tax rules for everybody and stop government interference in certain enterprises and whole sectors of the economy.

Yushchenko considers an open list of candidates for parliamentary elections as one of the conditions for eradicating corruption.

In 1977, Yushchenko married Svitlana Ivanivna Kolesnyk, with whom he has two children and three grandchildren:

  • Vitalyna (b. 15 April 1980) currently married to Oleksiy Khakhlyov and has two children.
  • Andriy (b. 1985) married Yelyzaveta Efrosinina (b. 1981) in 2009 and has a daughter

In 1998, he married Kateryna Chumachenko, with whom he has three children. She is a Ukrainian-American born in Chicago who received a degree in Economics from Georgetown University and an MBA from the University of Chicago. She also studied at the Ukrainian Institute at Harvard University.

Her resume includes working for the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America, the Bureau for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs at the U.S. State Department, the Reagan White House, the U.S. Treasury Department, and the Joint Economic Committee of Congress. In Ukraine she first worked with the US-Ukraine Foundation, then as Country Director for KPMG Barents Group.[citation needed]

She heads the Ukraine 3000 Foundation, which emphasizes promoting civil society, particularly charity and corporate responsibility. The Foundation implements programs in the areas of children's health, integrating the disabled, improving education, supporting culture and the arts, publishing books, and researching history, particularly the Holodomor. From 1995 to 2005, she worked closely with Pryately Ditey, an organization that helps Ukrainian orphans.[citation needed]

Criticized by her husband's opponents for her US citizenship, Kateryna became a Ukrainian citizen in March 2005 and renounced her US citizenship, as required by Ukrainian law, in March 2007. During the 2004 election campaign, she was accused of exerting influence on behalf of the U.S. government on her husband's decisions, as an employee of the U.S. government or even a CIA agent. A Russian state television journalist had earlier accused her of leading a U.S. project to help Yushchenko seize power in Ukraine; in January 2002, she won a libel case against that journalist. Ukraine's then anti-Yushchenko TV channel Inter repeated the allegations in 2001, but in January 2003 she won a libel case against that channel.[citation needed]

A practicing member of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Yushchenko often emphasizes the important role of his religious convictions in his life and worldview.

Yushchenko has been criticized for using many words of Russian origin when speaking Ukrainian. His main hobbies are Ukrainian traditional culture (including art, ceramics, and archaeology), mountaineering, and beekeeping. He is keen on painting, collects antiques, folk artifacts, and Ukrainian national dress, and restores objects of Trypillya culture. Each year he climbs Hoverla, Ukraine's highest mountain. After receiving a checkup in which doctors determined he was healthy despite the previous year's dioxin poisoning, he successfully climbed the mountain again on 16 July 2005.[citation needed]

Although Yushchenko does not work for the Ukrainian state anymore, as a former president of Ukraine he continues to live in his state-owned dacha in Koncha-Zaspa.

As a politician, Viktor Yushchenko is widely perceived as a mixture of Western-oriented and Ukrainian nationalist. He advocates moving Ukraine in the direction of Europe and NATO, promoting free market reforms, preserving Ukraine's culture, rebuilding important historical monuments, and remembering Ukraine's history, including the Holodomor famine of 1932–1933. His opponents (and allies) sometimes criticize him for indecision and secrecy, while advocates call the same attributes signs of Yushchenko's commitment to teamwork, consensus, and negotiation. He is also often accused of being unable to form a unified team free of inner quarrels.

United States Ambassador to Ukraine John F. Tefft described Yushchenko, in a document uncovered during the United States diplomatic cables leak, as discredited among the population because of his weakness of leadership, continuous conflicts with Yulia Tymoshenko, needless hostility towards Russia and his NATO ambitions.

Yushchenko's former Minister of Internal Affairs Yuriy Lutsenko accused Yushchenko of betraying the Orange Revolution and bringing Viktor Yanukovych to power.

In December 2011 Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin claimed that the organizers of the 2011 Russian protests were former (Russian) advisors to Yushchenko during his presidency and were transferring the Orange Revolution to Russia.

Public opinion polls

In 2008 Viktor Yushchenko's popularity plunged to less than 10%. According to a poll carried out by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology between 29 January and 5 February 2009, just under 70% of Ukrainian voters believed that Yushchenko should leave his post, whereas just over 19% believed he should stay. When asked if Yushchenko should be impeached, over 56% of those polled were in favor with almost 27% against.

According to a public opinion poll conducted by FOM-Ukraine in September/October 2009, 88.5% of those polled did not support the actions of Yushchenko as president, while 6.7% welcomed them. A Razumkov Center opinion poll conducted in October 2011 told that 80% of Ukrainians did not support his actions; it was the highest negative rating of any Ukrainian politician.

Named Man of the Year 2004 by Wprost. Included in the 2005 Time 100, an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world, as assembled by Time.

Honorary doctorates from the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (1996), the University of Maria Curie-Sklodowska (2000) and the Catholic University of Lublin (2009),[citation needed] and honorary membership in the Academy of Sciences of Moldova

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  51. Yushchenko says he's quitting presidential post in order to return, Kyiv Post (22 January 2010)
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  53. Mark Ames: The Hero of the Orange Revolution Poisons Ukraine - No politician has ever suffered a more humiliating rejection than the former leader of Ukraine's Orange Revolution and its current sitting president, Viktor Yushchenko, The Nation, 1 March 2010
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Preceded by Governor of the National Bank of Ukraine
1993–1999
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Preceded by Prime Minister of Ukraine
1999–2001
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Preceded by President of Ukraine
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Viktor Yushchenko
Viktor Yushchenko Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Yushchenko Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko Ukrainian Viktor Andrijovich Yushenko IPA ˈwiktor ɐnˈd ʲ r ʲ ijowɪtʃ ˈjuʃtʃenko listen born 23 February 1954 is a Ukrainian politician who was the third President of Ukraine from 23 January 2005 to 25 February 2010 Viktor YushchenkoViktor YushenkoYushchenko in 20163rd President of UkraineIn office 23 January 2005 25 February 2010Prime MinisterYulia Tymoshenko Yuriy Yekhanurov Viktor YanukovychPreceded byLeonid KuchmaSucceeded byViktor Yanukovych7th Prime Minister of UkraineIn office 22 December 1999 29 May 2001 Cabinet Yushchenko GovernmentPresidentLeonid KuchmaDeputyYuriy YekhanurovPreceded byValeriy PustovoitenkoSucceeded byAnatoliy KinakhGovernor of the National Bank of UkraineIn office January 1993 22 December 1999Preceded byVadym HetmanSucceeded byVolodymyr StelmakhPeople s Deputy of Ukraine4th convocationIn office 14 May 2002 23 January 2005ConstituencyIndependent No 1 1 Personal detailsBornViktor Andriyovych Yushchenko 1954 02 23 23 February 1954 age 67 Khoruzhivka Sumy Oblast Ukrainian SSR Soviet UnionPolitical partyCommunist Party of Ukraine 1980 1991 Independent 1991 2005 Our Ukraine 2005 present Spouse s Svetlana Kolesnyk Divorced Kateryna YushchenkoChildrenVitalina Yushchenko Andriy Yushchenko Sophia Khrystyna TarasAlma materTernopil National Economic University Academy of BankingSignatureWebsitewww wbr razom wbr org wbr uaMilitary serviceBranch serviceBorder Guard unit of KGBYears of service1975 1976RankCaptain As an informal leader of the Ukrainian opposition coalition he was one of the two main candidates in the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election Yushchenko won the presidency through a repeat runoff election between him and Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych The Ukrainian Supreme Court called for the runoff election to be repeated because of widespread electoral fraud in favor of Viktor Yanukovych in the original vote Yushchenko won in the revote 52 to 44 Public protests prompted by the electoral fraud played a major role in that presidential election and led to Ukraine s Orange Revolution Following an assassination attempt in late 2004 during his election campaign Yushchenko was confirmed to have ingested hazardous amounts of TCDD the most potent dioxin and a contaminant in Agent Orange He suffered disfigurement as a result of the poisoning but has since made a full physical recovery Before his election as president Yushchenko had already had a career in Ukrainian politics In 1993 he became governor head of the National Bank of Ukraine From 1999 to 2001 he was prime minister After his dismissal as prime minister Yushchenko went into opposition to President Leonid Kuchma and he founded the Our Ukraine bloc which at the 2002 parliamentary election became Ukraine s most popular political force with 23 57 of the votes After Yushchenko s election in 2004 to the presidency this alliance was unable to continue this success garnering only 13 95 of the votes in 2006 and 14 15 of the votes in the 2007 parliamentary election Yushchenko failed to secure a run off spot during the 2010 Ukrainian presidential election gaining 5 5 of the vote During the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary elections Yushchenko headed the election list of Our Ukraine The party won 1 11 of the national votes and no constituencies and thus failed to win parliamentary representation Contents 1 Early life 2 Central banker 3 Prime minister 4 Our Ukraine leader 5 Presidential election of 2004 5 1 TCDD poisoning 5 2 Unprecedented three rounds of voting 6 Presidency 6 1 Inauguration 6 2 Presidency 6 3 Dismissal of other Orange Revolution members 6 4 First dissolution of Parliament 6 5 Second dissolution of Parliament 2007 and conflict with Tymoshenko 2008 2009 7 2010 presidential election and later career 7 1 2010 presidential election 7 2 Later career including 2012 parliamentary elections 7 2 1 Euromaidan and 2014 election 8 Political positions 9 Family and personal life 10 Cultural and political image 10 1 Public opinion polls 11 Honours and awards 12 See also 13 References 14 External linksEarly life EditViktor Andriyovych Yushchenko was born on 23 February 1954 in Khoruzhivka Sumy Oblast Ukrainian SSR Soviet Union into a family of teachers His father Andriy Andriyovych Yushchenko 1919 1992 fought in the Second World War was captured by German forces and imprisoned as a POW in a series of concentration camps in the German Reich including Auschwitz Birkenau He survived the ordeal and after returning home taught English at a local school Viktor s mother Varvara Tymofiyovna Yushchenko 1918 2005 taught physics and mathematics at the same school The Sumy Oblast region where he was born is predominantly Ukrainian speaking and this differentiated him in later life from his political counterparts for whom Russian was the mother tongue 2 Viktor Yushchenko graduated from the Ternopil Finance and Economics Institute in 1975 and began work as an accountant as a deputy to the chief accountant in a kolkhoz Then from 1975 to 1976 he served as a conscript in the Transcaucasian Military District on the Soviet Turkish border Central banker EditThis section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources Please help by adding reliable sources Contentious material about living people that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately Find sources Viktor Yushchenko news newspapers books scholar JSTOR January 2014 Learn how and when to remove this template message In 1976 Yushchenko began a career in banking 3 In 1983 he became the Deputy Director for Agricultural Credit at the Ukrainian Republican Office of the Soviet Union State Bank 3 From 1990 to 1993 he worked as vice chairman and first vice chairman of the JSC Agroindustrial Bank Ukraina In 1993 he was appointed Governor of the National Bank of Ukraine Ukraine s central bank 3 In 1997 Verkhovna Rada the parliament of Ukraine re appointed him As a central banker Yushchenko played an important part in the creation of Ukraine s national currency the hryvnia and the establishment of a modern regulatory system for commercial banking He also successfully overcame a debilitating wave of hyper inflation that hit the country he brought inflation down from more than 10 000 percent to less than 10 percent and managed to defend the value of the currency following the 1998 Russian financial crisis In 1998 he wrote a thesis entitled The Development of Supply and Demand of Money in Ukraine and defended it in the Ukrainian Academy of Banking He thereby earned a doctorate in economics Prime minister EditIn December 1999 Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma unexpectedly nominated Yushchenko to be the prime minister after the parliament failed by one vote to ratify the previous candidate Valeriy Pustovoytenko Ukraine s economy improved during Yushchenko s cabinet service However his government particularly Deputy Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko soon became embroiled in a confrontation with influential leaders of the coal mining and natural gas industries The conflict resulted in a no confidence vote by the parliament on 26 April 2001 4 orchestrated by the Communists who opposed Yushchenko s economic policies and by centrist groups associated with the country s powerful oligarchs The vote passed 263 to 69 and resulted in Yushchenko s removal from office Our Ukraine leader Edit Yushchenko with fellow opposition leader Oleksandr Moroz during the Orange Revolution Yushchenko s approval rating stood at 7 as of October 2009 according to FOM Ukraine polling results 5 In 2002 Yushchenko became the leader of the Our Ukraine Nasha Ukrayina political coalition which received a plurality of seats in the year s parliamentary election However the number of seats won was not a majority and efforts to form a majority coalition with other opposition parties failed Since then Yushchenko has remained the leader and public face of the Our Ukraine parliamentary faction citation needed In 2001 both Yushchenko and Yulia Tymoshenko broached at creating a broad opposition bloc against the incumbent President Leonid Kuchma in order to win the Ukrainian presidential election 2004 6 In late 2002 Yushchenko Oleksandr Moroz Socialist Party of Ukraine Petro Symonenko Communist Party of Ukraine and Yulia Tymoshenko Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc issued a joint statement concerning the beginning of a state revolution in Ukraine Though the communists stepped out of the alliance and though Symonenko opposed having one single candidate from the alliance in the 2004 presidential election the other three parties remained allies 7 until July 2006 8 On 2 July 2004 Our Ukraine and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc established the Force of the people a coalition which aimed to stop the destructive process that has as a result of the incumbent authorities become a characteristic for Ukraine at the time President Kuchma and Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych were the incumbent authorities in Ukraine The pact included a promise by Viktor Yushchenko to nominate Tymoshenko as Prime Minister if Yushchenko would win the October 2004 presidential election 6 Yushchenko was widely regarded as the moderate political leader of the anti Kuchma opposition since other opposition parties were less influential and had fewer seats in parliament Since becoming President of Ukraine in 2005 he has been an honorary leader of the Our Ukraine party From 2001 to 2004 his rankings in popularity polls were higher than those of President Leonid Kuchma In later public opinion polls though his support plummeted from a high of 52 following his election in 2004 to below 4 9 10 11 However in the parliamentary elections of March 2006 the Our Ukraine party led by Prime Minister Yuriy Yekhanurov received less than 14 of the national vote taking third place behind the Party of Regions and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc In a poll by the Sofia Social Research Centre between 27 July and 7 August 2007 more than 52 of those polled said they distrusted Yushchenko 12 Presidential election of 2004 EditMain article 2004 Ukrainian presidential election Viktor Yushchenko First round percentage of total national vote Pro Orange Revolution demonstration in Brussels Belgium In 2004 as President Kuchma s term came to an end Yushchenko announced his candidacy for president as an independent His major rival was Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych Since his term as prime minister Yushchenko had slightly modernized his political platform adding social partnership and other liberal slogans to older ideas of European integration including Ukraine s joining NATO and fighting corruption Supporters of Yushchenko were organized in the Syla Narodu Power to the People electoral coalition which he and his political allies led with the Our Ukraine coalition as the main constituent force Yushchenko built his campaign on face to face communication with voters since the government prevented most major TV channels from providing equal coverage to candidates 13 14 Meanwhile his rival Yanukovych frequently appeared in the news and even accused Yushchenko whose father was a Red Army soldier imprisoned at Auschwitz of being a Nazi 15 16 even though Yushchenko actively reached out to the Jewish community in Ukraine and his mother is said to have risked her life by hiding three Jewish girls for one and a half years during the Second World War 17 TCDD poisoning Edit Yushchenko at the University of Amsterdam with chloracne from TCDD poisoning 2006 The campaign was often bitter and violent Yushchenko became seriously ill in early September 2004 He was flown to Vienna s Rudolfinerhaus clinic for treatment and diagnosed with acute pancreatitis accompanied by interstitial edematous changes due to a serious viral infection and chemical substances that are not normally found in food products Yushchenko claimed that he had been poisoned by government agents After the illness his face was greatly disfigured jaundiced bloated and pockmarked British toxicologist Professor John Henry of St Mary s Hospital in London declared the changes in Yushchenko s face were due to chloracne which results from dioxin poisoning 18 Dutch toxicologist Bram Brouwer also stated his changes in appearance were the result of chloracne and found dioxin levels in Yushchenko s blood 6 000 times above normal 19 On 11 December Dr Michael Zimpfer of the Rudolfinerhaus clinic declared that Yushchenko had ingested TCDD dioxin and had 1 000 times the usual concentration in his body 20 Many have linked Yushchenko s poisoning to a dinner with a group of senior Ukrainian officials including Volodymyr Satsyuk that took place on 5 September 18 19 20 Since 2005 Yushchenko has been treated by a team of doctors led by Professor Jean Saurat at the University of Geneva Hospital 21 Analysis of Yushchenko s body fluids and tissues provided useful information on the human toxicokinetics of TCDD and its metabolites 22 Yushchenko himself implicated David Zhvania the godfather of one of his children of involvement in his dioxin poisoning 23 In August 2009 The Lancet published a scientific paper by Swiss and Ukrainian researchers on the monitoring form distribution and elimination of 2 3 7 8 Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin TCDD in Yushchenko in relation to his severe poisoning The 2004 TCDD levels in Yushchenko s blood serum were 50 000 fold greater than those in the general population 22 This new study also concluded that the dioxin was so pure that it was definitely made in a laboratory 24 On 27 September 2009 Yushchenko said in an interview aired on Channel 1 1 that the testimony of three men who were at a dinner in 2004 at which he believes he was poisoned is crucial to finishing the investigation and he claimed these men were in Russia Ukrainian prosecutors said Russia has refused to extradite one of the men the former deputy chief of Ukraine s security service Volodymyr Satsyuk because he holds both Russian and Ukrainian citizenship 25 After arriving in Russia Satsyuk was granted Russian citizenship protecting him from extradition 26 Unprecedented three rounds of voting Edit Main articles Orange Revolution and Timeline of the Orange Revolution The initial vote held on 31 October 2004 saw Yushchenko obtain 39 87 of vote ahead of his opponent Yanukovych with 39 32 Because neither candidate reached the 50 majority required for outright victory a second round of run off voting was held on 21 November 2004 Although a 75 voter turnout was recorded observers reported many irregularities and abuses across the country such as organized multiple voting and extra votes for Yanukovych after the polls closed Exit poll results put Yushchenko ahead in the western and central provinces of the country and one poll gave him an 11 margin of victory However the final official result was a 3 margin of victory for Yanukovych The allegations of electoral fraud and the discrepancy between exit polls and the final tally prompted Yushchenko and his supporters to refuse to recognize the results After thirteen days of massive popular protests in Kyiv and other Ukrainian cities that became known as the Orange Revolution the Supreme Court overturned the election results and ordered a re vote of the run off election for 26 December Yushchenko proclaimed a victory for the opposition and declared his confidence that he would be elected with at least 60 of the vote He did win the re vote of second round but with 52 of the vote Presidency EditInauguration Edit At 12 pm Kyiv time on 23 January 2005 the inauguration of Viktor Yushchenko as the President of Ukraine took place 27 The event was attended by various foreign dignitaries including Arnold Ruutel President of Estonia Adrienne Clarkson Governor General of Canada Vaira Vike Freiberga President of Latvia Vladimir Voronin President of Moldova Aleksander Kwasniewski President of Poland Traian Băsescu President of Romania Ivan Gasparovic President of Slovakia Ferenc Madl President of Hungary Artur Rasizade Prime Minister of Azerbaijan Jan Peter Balkenende Prime Minister of the Netherlands Jaap de Hoop Scheffer Secretary General of NATO Nino Burjanadze Speaker of the Parliament of Georgia Arturas Paulauskas Speaker of the Seimas Parliament of Lithuania Colin Powell United States Secretary of State Vuk Draskovic Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia and Montenegro Sergey Mironov Chairman of the Federation Council of Russia 28 Special guest Vaclav Havel former President of the Czech Republic Ovezgeldi Atayev Chairman of the Assembly of Turkmenistan 29 Presidency Edit Yushchenko meeting then United States President George W Bush at an April 2005 press conference The first 100 days of Yushchenko s term 23 January 2005 through 1 May 2005 were marked by numerous dismissals and appointments at all levels of the executive branch He appointed Yulia Tymoshenko as Prime Minister and the appointment was ratified by parliament Oleksandr Zinchenko was appointed the head of the presidential secretariat with a nominal title of Secretary of State Petro Poroshenko a fierce competitor of Tymoshenko for the post of Prime Minister was appointed Secretary of the Security and Defense Council May 2005 saw Ukraine host the Eurovision Song Contest in the capital of Kyiv Some accused Yushchenko of attempting to gain political capital from the event with his appearance on stage at the end criticised as undignified by certain commentators 30 During 2005 Yushchenko was in confident mood making such pledges as solving the Gongadze case to the removal of Russia s Black Sea Fleet 31 In August 2005 Yushchenko joined with Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili in signing the Borjomi Declaration which called for the creation of an institution of international cooperation the Community of Democratic Choice to bring together the democracies and incipient democracies in the region around the Baltic Black and Caspian Seas The first meeting of presidents and leaders to discuss the CDC took place on 1 2 December 2005 in Kyiv According to former Security Service of Ukraine Chairman Oleksandr Turchynov Yushchenko prevented in the summer of 2005 an investigation into allegedly fraudulent practices in the transport of Turkmen natural gas to Ukraine and the arrest of Yuri Boyko for abuse of office while heading Naftogaz 32 33 Dismissal of other Orange Revolution members Edit On 8 September 2005 Yushchenko fired his government led by Yulia Tymoshenko after resignations and claims of corruption On 9 September acting Prime Minister Yuriy Yekhanurov tried to form a new government 34 His first attempt on 20 September fell short by 3 votes of the necessary 226 but on 22 September the parliament ratified his government with 289 votes Also in September 2005 former president Leonid Kravchuk accused exiled Russian tycoon Boris Berezovsky of financing Yushchenko s presidential election campaign and provided copies of documents showing money transfers from companies he said were controlled by Berezovsky to companies controlled by Yushchenko s official backers Berezovsky confirmed that he met Yushchenko s representatives in London before the election and that the money was transferred from his companies but he refused to confirm or deny that the money was used in Yushchenko s campaign Financing of election campaigns by foreign citizens is illegal in Ukraine In August 2006 Yushchenko appointed his onetime opponent in the presidential race Viktor Yanukovych to be the new Prime Minister This was generally regarded as indicating a rapprochement with Russia 35 First dissolution of Parliament Edit Main articles 2007 Ukrainian political crisis and 2007 Ukrainian parliamentary election On 2 April 2007 Yushchenko signed an order to dissolve the parliament and call early elections 36 37 Some consider the dissolution order illegal because none of the conditions spelled out under Article 90 of the Constitution of Ukraine for the president to dissolve the legislature had been met Yushchenko s detractors argued that he was attempting to usurp the functions of the Constitutional Court by claiming constitutional violations by the parliament as a pretext for his action the parliament appealed the Constitutional Court itself and promised to abide by its ruling In the meantime the parliament continued to meet and banned the financing of any new election pending the Constitutional Court s decision Competing protests took place and the crisis escalated In May 2007 Yushchenko illegally dismissed three members of Ukraine s Constitutional Court thus preventing the court from ruling on the constitutionality of his decree dismissing Ukraine s parliament 38 Second dissolution of Parliament 2007 and conflict with Tymoshenko 2008 2009 Edit Main articles 2008 Ukrainian political crisis and 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election Yushchenko in March 2009 Yushchenko again tried to dissolve the parliament on 9 October 2008 by announcing parliamentary elections to be held on 7 December Yushchenko s decree was suspended and has since lapsed Yushchenko in defense of his actions said I am deeply convinced that the democratic coalition was ruined by one thing alone human ambition The ambition of one person Political groups including members of his own Our Ukraine party contested the election decree and politicians vowed to challenge it in the courts 39 40 Yushchenko and Yulia Tymoshenko representing their parties Our Ukraine and Fatherland at the Summit of European People s Party Lisbon Portugal 18 October 2007 In December 2008 following a back room revolt from members of Our Ukraine Peoples Self Defense Party a revised coalition was formed between members of Our Ukraine People s Self Defense Bloc OU PSD the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko BYuT and the Lytvyn Bloc LB increasing the size of the governing coalition by an additional 20 members Yushchenko in responding to journalists questions claimed The fact is that the so called coalition was formed on basis of political corruption this coalition will be able to work only if the Communist Party will join it Speaking about such a type of coalition it is even more shameful Victor Yushchenko also stated that Yulia Tymoshenko s desire to keep her job as Prime Minister was the main motive for creating the coalition and that he wanted to expel the OU PSD lawmakers who supported the creation of the coalition from the list of members of parliament 41 42 Yushchenko claimed 19 March 2009 that his conflicts with Tymoshenko are not due to personal differences but to the incompleteness of the constitutional reforms of 2004 43 On 23 July 2009 under the terms of Ukraine s Constitution the president cannot dismiss the parliament within six months from the expiration of his five year term of authority which ends on 23 January 2010 2010 presidential election and later career Edit2010 presidential election Edit Main article 2010 Ukrainian presidential election Viktor Yushchenko First round percentage of total national vote 5 5 On 10 November 2009 Viktor Yushchenko was nominated for a second term as President with the election to be held on 17 January 2010 44 In late November 2009 he stated he was going to leave politics after his second term run 45 During the campaign Yushchenko stated his fellow candidates Tymoshenko and Yanukovych are not the ideologists who care about the fate of Ukraine and its interests These are two political adventurers and that Ukraine s independence and sovereignty was at the time more jeopardized than five to ten years earlier 46 The first round of elections took place on 17 January 2010 and Yushchenko collapsed to a distant fifth place with only 5 45 of the vote 47 48 His result became the worst result for any sitting President in history 49 Yushchenko stated that he wants to continue to defend democracy in Ukraine 50 and that he wants to return to the presidential post 51 On 22 January 2010 as outgoing President of Ukraine Yushchenko officially rehabilitated one of Ukraine s most controversial World War II era figures the ultranationalist leader Stepan Bandera awarding him the title of Hero of Ukraine 52 The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists even set up multi national assemblies of the occupied peoples of the Soviet union in which more than 12 Soviet Republics were represented such as Kazakhstan Belarus Uzbekistan Russia and others 53 Yushchenko s decision immediately caused an uproar and was condemned by European Parliament Russian Polish and Jewish organizations 54 55 56 57 and was declared illegal by the following Ukrainian government and a court decision in April 2010 In January 2011 the award was officially annulled 58 In the second round of Ukraine s presidential election Yushchenko did not support either of the candidates Victor Yanukovych or Yulia Tymoshenko 59 Yushchenko attributed his low popularity ratings to adherence to his principles 60 Ukraine is a European democratic country Yushchenko said at the polling station It is a free nation and free people 61 In the following days he said that Ukraine doesn t have a decent choice for his replacement Both candidates are alienated from national European and democratic values I don t see a principal difference between them However his low approval ratings may also be attributable to his tacit support for his former adversary Yanukovych 62 between rounds one and two Yushchenko removed the Kharkiv and Dniproptrovsk governors who had expressed support for Tymoshenko and had refused to provide administrative resources for Yanukovych s campaign citation needed original research Yushchenko didn t attend the inauguration ceremony of President Yanukovych 63 On 10 March 2010 Yushchenko indicated his future plans would largely depend on Yanukovych s performance 64 A day earlier Yushchenko s former ally turned rival Yulia Tymoshenko took up the mantle as leader of the democratic opposition But Yushchenko warned that her leadership will end in disaster noting Every political force that united with Tymoshenko ended badly 64 On 31 May 2010 Yushchenko stated that Yulia Tymoshenko was his worst mistake The most serious mistake was to give the power to her twice 65 Later career including 2012 parliamentary elections Edit On 18 April 2010 Yushchenko and his wife along with President Yanukovych and former Prime Minister Tymoshenko journeyed to Poland to attend the state funeral of President Lech Kaczynski in Krakow Due to the widespread air disruptions in Europe due to the eruptions in Iceland the Yushchenkos journeyed by car from Kyiv 66 Yushchenko testified against his former ally Yulia Tymoshenko during her trial over a 2009 natural gas treaty she brokered with Russia a trial he called a normal judicial process 67 68 Yushchenko s view differed from that of the EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton who said in a statement the Tymoshenko verdict showed justice was being applied selectively in politically motivated prosecutions 68 Late September 2011 Yushchenko stated he intended to run for parliament on an Our Ukraine party ticket at the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary elections 67 69 Mid February 2012 Yushchenko stated he was ready to take part in this election on a list of the united opposition but not in a majority constituency 70 In these election Yushchenko headed the election list of Our Ukraine 71 the party won 1 11 of the national votes and no constituencies and thus failed to win parliamentary representation 72 73 In February 2013 Yushchenko intended to be a candidate during the next presidential election at the time scheduled to be in 2015 74 Euromaidan and 2014 election Edit In an interview with the French radio station Europe 1 in March 2014 Yushchenko stated that he supported the Euromaidan protests and opposed the Russian intervention in Crimea noting that in his view Putin dreams of reconstructing the Soviet empire under the name of Russia 75 He is so obsessed with this that he hasn t understood power balance 75 He further stated that Crimea isn t Russian rather it is Ukrainian With regard to the 2014 Presidential elections Yushchenko indicated his support for Vitali Klitschko and described Tymoshenko as the candidate of Moscow 75 Yushchenko himself did not stand as a candidate in these elections 76 Political positions Edit Yushchenko On 31 March 2009 in his address to the nation before Parliament Yushchenko proposed sweeping government reform changes and an economic and social plan to ameliorate current economic conditions in Ukraine and apparently to respond to standing structural problems in Ukraine s political system The proposal which Yushchenko called a next big step forward for fairness and prosperity in Ukraine included the following proposals 77 Restore financial stability in the country by implementing the International Monetary Fund reforms and a balanced budget Abolish parliamentary immunity Fair pension system based on the number of years of work and salary received Pass a realistic state budget for 2009 that reduces inflation and stabilizes the hryvnia Have the state assume responsibility for struggling banks Rejuvenate rural areas by eliminating state interference in agriculture production Promote Ukrainian products abroad to increase sales for Ukraine s producers European Union membership and increased trade while simultaneously improving relations and trade with Russia Allow voters to elect members of parliament from the areas where they live Open up party lists for both parliamentary and local elections Create bicameral parliament to bring stability to the legislative branch Reduce the number of members of parliament Yushchenko also advocates NATO membership for Ukraine 78 and is against promoting Russian as the second state language in Ukraine 79 According to Yushchenko a good future for the country is impossible without national unity 80 Yushchenko also advocates the formation of a single Orthodox Church in Ukraine thus unifying the current three branches of the Orthodox church in Ukraine the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate the only one recognized by the world orthodox community the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kyiv Patriarchate and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Actions by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army have been praised by Yushchenko 80 and he has tried to give anti Soviet partisans who fought in World War II the status of war veterans 81 According to Yushchenko the difficulties of relations between Ukraine and Russia are because the countries follow different directions and have different system of values 82 Yushchenko thinks that the Russia Georgia war of August 2008 poses a threat that European leaders still haven t addressed He has called for a demarcation of borders between Russia and Ukraine which has been delayed by Russia since Ukraine won independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 83 During the campaign for the Ukrainian presidential election 2010 Yushchenko said Russia s influence was again a factor in the upcoming election and warned of interference from Moscow in the distribution of Russian passports to residents of Crimea 84 He has also stated on 10 December 2009 Russia is a friendly country and that it would be a great mistake for Ukraine to lose these relations or to slow down their development I believe that there will appear politicians in Russia who will respect the rights of all neighbors including Ukraine 85 Yushchenko s 2010 presidential election program promised visa free travel with EU the withdrawal of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation by 2017 and an active dialogue with all of Ukraine s neighbours based on the principles of equal rights good neighbourly relations and mutual trust but did not mention NATO membership 86 Yushchenko also believed that the 2008 2009 Ukrainian financial crisis could be tackled with the help of reconstruction including road reconstruction 87 Furthermore the program banned tax collection in advance would return non reimbursed VAT create equal tax rules for everybody and stop government interference in certain enterprises and whole sectors of the economy 88 Yushchenko considers an open list of candidates for parliamentary elections as one of the conditions for eradicating corruption 89 Family and personal life EditIn 1977 Yushchenko married Svitlana Ivanivna Kolesnyk with whom he has two children and three grandchildren 90 Vitalyna b 15 April 1980 currently married to Oleksiy Khakhlyov and has two children Oleksiy Khakhlyov is a director of the Tar paper Factory in Slavuta Khmelnytskyi Oblast Andriy b 1985 married Yelyzaveta Efrosinina b 1981 in 2009 and has a daughter In 1998 he married Kateryna Chumachenko with whom he has three children She is a Ukrainian American born in Chicago who received a degree in Economics from Georgetown University and an MBA from the University of Chicago She also studied at the Ukrainian Institute at Harvard University Her resume includes working for the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America the Bureau for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs at the U S State Department the Reagan White House the U S Treasury Department and the Joint Economic Committee of Congress In Ukraine she first worked with the US Ukraine Foundation then as Country Director for KPMG Barents Group citation needed She heads the Ukraine 3000 Foundation which emphasizes promoting civil society particularly charity and corporate responsibility The Foundation implements programs in the areas of children s health integrating the disabled improving education supporting culture and the arts publishing books and researching history particularly the Holodomor From 1995 to 2005 she worked closely with Pryately Ditey an organization that helps Ukrainian orphans citation needed Criticized by her husband s opponents for her US citizenship Kateryna became a Ukrainian citizen in March 2005 and renounced her US citizenship as required by Ukrainian law in March 2007 During the 2004 election campaign she was accused of exerting influence on behalf of the U S government on her husband s decisions as an employee of the U S government or even a CIA agent A Russian state television journalist had earlier accused her of leading a U S project to help Yushchenko seize power in Ukraine in January 2002 she won a libel case against that journalist Ukraine s then anti Yushchenko TV channel Inter repeated the allegations in 2001 but in January 2003 she won a libel case against that channel citation needed A practicing member of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church 91 Yushchenko often emphasizes the important role of his religious convictions in his life and worldview Yushchenko has been criticized for using many words of Russian origin when speaking Ukrainian 92 93 His main hobbies are Ukrainian traditional culture including art ceramics and archaeology mountaineering and beekeeping He is keen on painting collects antiques folk artifacts and Ukrainian national dress and restores objects of Trypillya culture Each year he climbs Hoverla Ukraine s highest mountain After receiving a checkup in which doctors determined he was healthy despite the previous year s dioxin poisoning he successfully climbed the mountain again on 16 July 2005 citation needed Although Yushchenko does not work for the Ukrainian state anymore as a former president of Ukraine he continues to live in his state owned dacha in Koncha Zaspa 94 Cultural and political image EditAs a politician Viktor Yushchenko is widely perceived as a mixture of Western oriented and Ukrainian nationalist He advocates moving Ukraine in the direction of Europe and NATO promoting free market reforms preserving Ukraine s culture rebuilding important historical monuments and remembering Ukraine s history including the Holodomor famine of 1932 1933 His opponents and allies sometimes criticize him for indecision and secrecy while advocates call the same attributes signs of Yushchenko s commitment to teamwork consensus and negotiation He is also often accused of being unable to form a unified team free of inner quarrels United States Ambassador to Ukraine John F Tefft described Yushchenko in a document uncovered during the United States diplomatic cables leak as discredited among the population because of his weakness of leadership continuous conflicts with Yulia Tymoshenko needless hostility towards Russia and his NATO ambitions 95 Yushchenko s former Minister of Internal Affairs Yuriy Lutsenko accused Yushchenko of betraying the Orange Revolution and bringing Viktor Yanukovych to power 96 In December 2011 Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin claimed that the organizers of the 2011 Russian protests were former Russian advisors to Yushchenko during his presidency and were transferring the Orange Revolution to Russia 97 Public opinion polls Edit In 2008 Viktor Yushchenko s popularity plunged to less than 10 98 According to a poll carried out by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology between 29 January and 5 February 2009 just under 70 of Ukrainian voters believed that Yushchenko should leave his post whereas just over 19 believed he should stay When asked if Yushchenko should be impeached over 56 of those polled were in favor with almost 27 against 99 According to a public opinion poll conducted by FOM Ukraine in September October 2009 88 5 of those polled did not support the actions of Yushchenko as president while 6 7 welcomed them 100 A Razumkov Center opinion poll conducted in October 2011 told that 80 of Ukrainians did not support his actions it was the highest negative rating of any Ukrainian politician 101 Honours and awards EditCommander Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of Three Stars Latvia 2006 Grand Cross with Golden Chain of the Order of Vytautas the Great Lithuania 2006 102 Knight Grand Cross of the Grand Order of King Tomislav For outstanding contribution to the promotion of friendship and development co operation between the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Ukraine 6 June 2007 Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta 2009 Poland Order For Merits of Class III 1996 Ukraine The Liberty Medal US Constitution Center Philadelphia PA 2005 USA Order of Heydar Aliyev 2008 Azerbaijan Order of the White Rose of Finland 2006 Order of the Golden Fleece 2009 Georgia St George s Order of Victory 2009 Georgia Order of the White Eagle 2005 Poland Royal Order of the Seraphim 2008 Sweden Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary 2008 Hungary Quadriga 2006 Germany Presidential Order of Excellence Georgia 2011 103 Named Man of the Year 2004 by Wprost Included in the 2005 Time 100 an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world as assembled by Time Honorary doctorates from the National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy 1996 the University of Maria Curie Sklodowska 2000 and the Catholic University of Lublin 2009 citation needed and honorary membership in the Academy of Sciences of Moldova 104 See also Edit2008 Ukrainian political crisis List of current heads of state and government List of poisonings National Museum Memorial to Holodomor victims Politics of Ukraine UkrainizationReferences Edit cite web Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine access date 22 December 2014 language uk BBC 13 January 2010 Profile Viktor Yushchenko BBC a b c Cronin David 5 March 2005 Orange Revolutionary Politico Europe Retrieved 17 December 2018 Ukraine s popular PM forced out 27 April 2001 Yushchenko approval rating FOM Ukraine Retrieved on 18 October 2009 a b Revolution in Orange The Origins of Ukraine s Democratic Breakthrough by Anders Aslund and Michael A McFaul Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 2006 ISBN 0 87003 221 6 ISBN 978 0 87003 221 9 Understanding Ukrainian Politics Power Politics and Institutional Design by Paul D Anieri M E Sharpe 2006 ISBN 0 7656 1811 7 ISBN 978 0 7656 1811 5 page 117 Ukraine coalition born in chaos BBC News 11 July 2006 Socis Poll 25 Of Ukrainians Prepared To Support Yanukovych For President 20 5 To Vote For Tymoshenko Archived 19 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine Ukrainian News 17 August 2009 Surviving the Crisis in Ukraine Forum Video Center for American Progress 30 July 2009 With or without Baloha Yushchenko is unelectable Taras Kuzio Kyiv Post 28 May 2009 Retrieved 28 May 2009 dead link Half of Ukrainians ready to deprive Yushchenko of presidency ForUm News agency 15 August 2007 Archived from the original on 29 September 2007 Andersen Elizabeth 3 December 2002 Open Letter to the Speaker of the Verhkovna Rada of Ukraine Volodymyr Lytvyn and Deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Human Rights Watch Temniki No comments in Ukrainian Ukrayinska Pravda 6 July 2004 Archived from the original on 30 September 2007 Requests from Administration of President Kuchma to media Maksymiuk Jan 16 November 2003 Hard lessons for Our Ukraine in Donetsk The Ukrainian Weekly Archived from the original on 30 September 2007 Haslett Malcolm 28 January 2005 Yushchenko s Auschwitz connection BBC News The Jewish card in Russian operations against Ukraine Kyiv Post 30 June 2009 a b Yushchenko and the poison theory BBC News 11 December 2004 a b Yushchenko Live And Carry On CBS News 30 January 2005 a b Dougherty Jill 11 December 2004 Doctors Yushchenko was poisoned CNN Archived from the original on 18 February 2007 Retrieved 2 April 2007 Doctor Yushchenko in very good health USA Today 18 July 2005 a b O Sorg M Zennegg P Schmid R Fedosyuk R Valikhnovskyi O Gaide V Kniazevych J H Saurat 2009 2 3 7 8 tetrachlorodibenzo p dioxin TCDD poisoning in Victor Yushchenko identification and measurement of TCDD metabolites The Lancet 374 9696 1179 85 doi 10 1016 S0140 6736 09 60912 0 PMID 19660807 S2CID 24761553 Bill Meyer 24 July 2009 Ukraine president blames former ally for poisoning Retrieved 11 February 2010 Associated Press Study Dioxin that poisoned Yushchenko made in lab dead link Yushchenko to Russia Hand over witnesses Kyiv Post 28 October 2009 Retrieved 11 February 2010 Boris Volodarsky 2010 KGB s Poison Factory From Lenin to Litvinenko MBI Publishing Company p 116 ISBN 9780760337530 Archived from the original on 30 June 2014 Retrieved 14 March 2014 Ukraine A History 4th Edition by Orest Subtelny University of Toronto Press 2009 ISBN 1442609915 Yushchenko woos sceptical Russia BBC News 24 January 2005 TURKMEN DELEGATION IN KIEV TO ATTEND UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT INAUGURATION Turkmenistan ru www turkmenistan ru Retrieved 24 September 2017 Nicholas 27 May 2005 Kiev Ukraine News Blog Kiev Counts Cost of Eurovision Hosting News kievukraine info Retrieved 16 March 2014 Nicholas 20 December 2005 Kiev Ukraine News Blog Ukraine Raises Russia s Black Sea Fleet Issue in Gas Row News kievukraine info Retrieved 16 March 2014 Gas Lobby Takes Control of Ukrains Secret Service by Taras Kuzio 18 March 2010 Ukraine Battle Against Corruption Grinds To A Halt Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty 26 September 2005 Ukraine leader to build new team 9 September 2005 Ukraine comeback kid in new deal 4 August 2006 Ukraine president dissolves Parliament and calls for elections International Herald Tribune 2 April 2007 On stopping ahead of schedule powers of Verhovna Rada of Ukraine Order of President of Ukraine in Ukrainian 2 April 2007 Supreme Court Restores Stanik As Constitutional Court Judge Ukrainian News agency 27 March 2008 Archived from the original on 9 May 2008 reuters com Ukraine president sets parliament election for Dec 7 In reuters com 9 October 2008 Retrieved 16 March 2014 Ukraine s president sets date for new election Yushchenko wants to expel lawmakers who supported coalition UNIAN 17 December 2008 Yuschenko Advocates Expulsion Of Our Ukraine People s Union MPs That Support Coalition Archived 21 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine Ukrainian News Agency 17 December 2008 Yuschenko describes his relations with Tymoshenko an internal affair Archived 29 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine Interfax Ukraine 29 March 2009 Yushchenko registered as a nominee for presidential election ForUm Archived from the original on 3 November 2009 Retrieved 27 October 2009 Panorama Yushchenko will leave politics after second term Kyiv Post 28 November 2009 Yushchenko Ukraine s independence sovereignty currently jeopardized Kyiv Post 21 November 2009 TABLE Ukraine s presidential election results Kyiv Post 18 January 2010 in Ukrainian Central Election Commission Candidate Results Archived 21 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine CEC Ukraine 19 January 2010 Komu dostanetsya trezubec Trud 19 January 2010 Update Yushchenko does not plan to quit politics Kyiv Post 20 January 2010 Yushchenko says he s quitting presidential post in order to return Kyiv Post 22 January 2010 UKAZ PREZIDENTA UKRAINY 46 2010 O prisvoenii S Bandere zvaniya Geroj Ukrainy DECREE OF THE PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE No 46 2010 On conferring the title of Hero of Ukraine to S Bander President of Ukraine in Ukrainian 22 January 2010 Archived from the original on 25 January 2010 Retrieved 23 February 2016 Mark Ames The Hero of the Orange Revolution Poisons Ukraine No politician has ever suffered a more humiliating rejection than the former leader of Ukraine s Orange Revolution and its current sitting president Viktor Yushchenko The Nation 1 March 2010 Russia condemns Yushchenko for declaring Bandera a Hero of Ukraine Voice of Russia 26 January 2010 Archived from the original on 14 November 2012 Retrieved 3 May 2012 1 Archived 29 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine Simon Wiesenthal Center 28 January 2010 2 Student Union of French Jews 1 February 2010 Narvselius Eleonora 2012 The Bandera Debate The Contentious Legacy of World War II and Liberalization of Collective Memory in Western Ukraine Canadian Slavonic Papers 54 3 4 469 490 doi 10 1080 00085006 2012 11092718 ISSN 0008 5006 S2CID 154360507 Rishennyam sudu prezidentskij ukaz Pro prisvoyennya S Banderi zvannya Geroj Ukrayini skasovano Archived 15 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine President gov ua Retrieved 16 January 2011 Yushchenko not to support either candidate in runoff Kyiv Post 23 January 2010 Yushchenko attributes his low popularity ratings to adherence to his principles Kyiv Post 28 November 2009 Ukraine Farewell to the Orange Revolution EuropaRussia 19 January 2010 Mnbnyarh Sjpyuhmsh Newsru Ua Myuzhhnmyukemyu Hde Me Onrepoekyu Onpyufemhe B Oepbnl Rspe Bshanpnb Opeghdemryu Yavhryuer Chyemjn Txt rus newsru ua Archived from the original on 17 March 2014 Retrieved 16 March 2014 Half empty chamber greets Ukraine s new president Kyiv Post 25 February 2010 a b Yushchenko jumps back into political fray visiting relatively friendly territory in Lviv Kyiv Post 11 March 2010 Yushchenko told about his worst mistake Kyiv Post 31 May 2010 European leaders prepare for long drive for Lech Kaczynski s funeral news com au 18 April 2010 Retrieved 18 April 2010 a b Ukraine Retreats to a Dark Past Der Spiegel 18 October 2011 a b Ukraine ex PM Yulia Tymoshenko jailed over gas deal BBC News 11 October 2011 Yushchenko says he will run for parliament on party ticket Kyiv Post 27 September 2011 Yushchenko ready to run for parliamentary elections under united opposition s list Kyiv Post 16 February 2012 in Ukrainian Nasha Ukrayina hoche buti alternativoyu usim uchasnikam viboriv Our Ukraine wants to be an alternative to all election participants BBC Ukrainian 31 July 2012 in Ukrainian Proportional votes Archived 30 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine amp Constituency seats Archived 5 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine Central Election Commission of Ukraine in Ukrainian Yushenko pobachiv sho pomaranchevi ne v trendi Yushchenko saw orange is not in the trend Ukrayinska Pravda 8 October2012 in Ukrainian Yushenko zaznav fiasko Yushchenko was a fiasco Ukrayinska Pravda 12 February 2013 a b c in French Viktor Iouchtchenko Poutine veut une nouvelle URSS Europe 1 5 March 2014 Viktor Yushchenko Putin jamas lograra poner de rodillas a Ucrania El Mundo 3 March 2014 Twenty three candidates to run for Ukraine s presidency Interfax Ukraine 3 April 2014 The Next Big Step Fairness and Prosperity for All Ukraine Archived from the original on 9 April 2009 Retrieved 15 June 2009 CS1 maint unfit URL link Viktor Yushchenko elections website Yushchenko Ukraine has every chances to be European Union member Kyiv Post 16 October 2009 The Problems Began After the Orange Revolution Spiegel Online 9 July 2009 a b Yuschenko says good future for Ukraine impossible without national unity reconciliation Archived 21 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine Interfax Ukraine 14 October 2009 Yushchenko pushes for official recognition of OUN UPA combatants Zik com ua 11 January 2008 Retrieved 16 March 2014 Yushchenko in case of victory of Yanukovych or Tymoshenko all we to sing Murka UNIAN 23 December 2009 Yushchenko Warns Obama of Russia s Post Georgia Security Threat Bloomberg 20 September 2009 Monday Morning Yushchenko says NATO needed to safeguard independence Kyiv Post 28 September 2009 Yushchenko Politicians respecting Ukraine s rights will appear in Russia Kyiv Post 10 December 2009 Yuschenko s election platform promises visa free travel with EU not mentioning NATO membership Kyiv Post 23 November 2009 Yuschenko crisis could be tackled through reconstruction including road reconstruction Kyiv Post 21 November 2009 Presidential Secretariat Yuschenko defends economic freedom in contrast to state monopolism of Tymoshenko Kyiv Post 8 December 2009 Yushchenko Open list of candidates for parliamentary elections a condition for eradicating corruption Kyiv Post 12 December 2009 Moskovskij komsomolec Semya ne rada Yushenko ne test kompromat Korrespondent net Retrieved 16 March 2014 UOC MP threatens sanctions against President Yushchenko Archived 31 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine UkrWeekly 14 May 2006 Song in Surzhyk Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine Trud 27 June 2006 in Russian Korrespondent Ukraina Politika Lider socialistov rasskazal Yushenko o zadripanij kozi u korolivskih pokoyah Archived 12 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Ukrayinska Pravda exposes president s Mezhygirya deal Kyiv Post 6 May 2009 US Probleme in der Ukraine Fatales Spiel mit falschen Freunden Der Spiegel 2 December 2010 Lutsenko Tymoshenko ties get you arrested Kyiv Post 25 February 2010 Putin calls color revolutions an instrument of destabilization Kyiv Post 15 December 2011 Russia s neighbours go their own way by Bridget Kendall BBC News 21 August 2008 Poll says Ukraine s president should step down now UNIAN 17 February 2009 Poll Ukrainians not supporting activities of president premier Kyiv Post 12 October 2009 Yushchenko s hand in the imprisonment of Yulia Tymoshenko Archived 16 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine Kyiv Post 17 November 2011 Lithuanian Presidency Archived 19 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine Lithuanian Orders searching form State Awards Issued by Georgian Presidents in 2003 2015 Institute for Development of Freedom of Information 10 May 2018 Retrieved 9 May 2019 in Romanian Iuscenco VictorExternal links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Viktor Yushchenko Wikiquote has quotations related to Viktor YushchenkoWikinews has News related to this article Ukraine political crisisUkraine opposition candidate Yushchenko is suffering from a Dioxin intoxication doctors sayUkrainian opposition leader calls for police and army to join revolutionYushchenko claims victory in re runAppearances on C SPAN Web sites and pages razom org ua Nasha Ukrayina website Verbatim Account of the Inaugural Ceremony January 23 2005 Official site of the parliament in Ukrainian Video on YouTube video file of Viktor Yushchenko speaking to the Ukrainian nation in Ukrainian Candidate Viktor Yushchenko wins first round of Ukraine election 10 November 2004 Rule of Law Foundation Viktor Yushchenko approval rating 2000 2009 by Razumkov Centre Viktor Yushchenko Freedom Collection interview News and articles BBC News profile Who poisoned Viktor Yushchenko from the Times Online Approval of Yekhanurov The Price of the Deal Ukrayinska Pravda s critical article on the agreement between Yushchenko and Yanukovych September 2005 in Ukrainian Stephen Velychenko 13 November 2009 Yushchenko s Place in History A Leader who Failed his People SpectreZine org Retrieved 22 August 2016 Government officesPreceded byVadym Hetman Governor of the National Bank of Ukraine 1993 1999 Succeeded byVolodymyr StelmakhPolitical officesPreceded byValeriy Pustovoitenko Prime Minister of Ukraine 1999 2001 Succeeded byAnatoliy KinakhPreceded byLeonid Kuchma President of Ukraine 2005 2010 Succeeded byViktor Yanukovych Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Viktor Yushchenko amp oldid 1055308699, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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