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Zábřeh

For other uses, see Zábřeh (disambiguation).

Zábřeh (Czech pronunciation: ; German: Hohenstadt) is a town in the Šumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 13,000 inhabitants.

Zábřeh
Zábřeh na Moravě
Town
Zábřeh Castle
Flag
Coat of arms
Zábřeh
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates:49°52′55″N16°52′29″E /49.88194°N 16.87472°E /49.88194; 16.87472Coordinates: 49°52′55″N16°52′29″E /49.88194°N 16.87472°E /49.88194; 16.87472
CountryCzech Republic
RegionOlomouc
DistrictŠumperk
First mentioned1254
Government
• MayorFrantišek John (KDU-ČSL)
Area
• Total34.58 km2 (13.35 sq mi)
Elevation
285 m (935 ft)
Population
(2020-01-01)
• Total13,456
• Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
789 01
Websitewww.zabreh.cz

Contents

Villages Dolní Bušínov, Hněvkov, Pivonín and Václavov are administrative parts of Zábřeh.

The name Zábřeh is derived from za břehem, meaning behind the riverbank. It is a reference to the nearby Moravská Sázava river.

The town's railway station is named Zábřeh na Moravě (literally Zábřeh in Moravia) to distinguish it from another station called Zábřeh, now part of Dolní Benešov in Silesia, therefore the town is sometimes called Zábřeh na Moravě, however its official name is just Zábřeh.

Hohenstadt is its former German name. This name consists of the adjective "hohen" (high) and the noun "stadt" (town). A name with the same meaning is used in Latin sources – "Alta Civitas". The origin of this name is unclear, as the town is situated in lowlands.

Fountain in Zábřeh

About half of the town is situated in the lowlands of the Mohelnická brázda depression and the second half is located on the hillside of Zábřežská vrchovina (literally Zábřeh Highlands).

The Moravská Sázava river flows through the south of the town, and an international railway corridor runs along this river.

The town is a part of the Hanakia ethnographic region.

The first note about Zábřeh dates back to 1254, when a man by the name of Sulislav from Zábřeh was mentioned. It is known that the town itself was founded before 1289, because of the name Hohenstadt appearing in sources. This was most likely a fortress around which a plantation began to grow, transforming into a town gradually.

The ownership of Zábřeh can be ascribed to many famous houses of the time. The most famous one and probably the most cruel one was the house of Tunkl. Their ownership of the town dates back to 1442. The house was known for its countless arguments with neighbouring masters and also for its behaviour towards its vassals. However, they rebuilt the fortress and changed it into a castle, they had also a merit in pond foundation around the river Moravská Sázava. The struggle of vassals against their master Jiří Sr. Tunkl between 1492 and 1494 marked the end of this house. Then the town came under the mastership of the house Trčkové from Lípa, but only for a little while. The house was replaced by a more powerful one – the Boskovicové.

The town went through a lot during further years. The situation improved in the 18th century, when the castle was rebuilt once again and extended along with a baroque parish church. In the 19th century the Prague–Olomouc railway was built through the town marking Zábřeh as a powerful centre of economy, government and cultural life.

Until 1918, Hohenstadt – Zábřeh (German name only before 1867) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia. The town was connected to the railway before 1850.

In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi Army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. The German speaking population was expelled in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees).

Zábřeh was originally a Czech town with a German minority and a Jewish community.[citation needed] The town became a border town of the linguistic border between German and Czech. In 1880 the town's majority was German-speaking, but after the Czech's successful claim to the whole of Bohemia, the town's majority was Czech-speaking by 1930.

Most Jews were killed during the Nazi occupation, and the Germans were expelled in 1945 after Germany's borders were redrawn by the victorious Allied powers. Abandoned houses were taken over by Czechs from different parts of the country.

Nowadays, the town is populated by a Czech majority and significant Romani and Vietnamese minorities.

History of population

  • 1880 – 6,017 people in 785 houses
  • 1900 – 7,166 people in 829 houses
  • 1930 – 9,122 people in 1294 houses
  • 1950 – 8,449 people in 1627 houses
  • 1970 – 11,420 people in 1607 houses
  • 1991 – 15,005 people in 1948 houses
  • 2001 – 14,561 people in 2006 houses
The Oborník Pond was used as a water source for a textile factory. The abandoned factory is in the background.
Tall silo makes the town horizon easy recognizable

Historically Zábřeh was a textile town profiting from its location next to the international railway. Textile companies bankrupted in the 1990s due to former communist administration and cheap Asian competition. Therefore, the west part of the town is occupied by brownfield land which hasn't been revitalized yet and is sporadically used as warehouses, workshops and as recreation space.

Zábřeh is situated in fertile lowland which is used for agricultural production. Maize, wheat, oilseed rape, poppy and fodder plant are grown. A tall silo is situated in outskirt of the town and helps create town panorama.

In the south of the town, next to the railway, a dairy is located. The Olma dairy produces yoghurts, milk, cream, butter and cheese. Its products are known in Czech Republic as well in Slovakia, Poland and Hungary. The owner is Andrej Babiš.

The Sulko factory produces plastic windows and doors. Part of the production is exported to west Europe.

The HDO factory processes zinc alloy.

The Pass company, connected with automotive training school, provides complex truck and cars repair services.

The butchery of Jiří Rýznar and The Hevos, the kitchen producer and designer, are regionally significant.

U.S.-based Belmont Trading Company operates an eMaterials processing and recycling facility which prepares used mobile devices, computing equipment, and telecom network equipment for resale or recycling.

Zábřeh is twinned with:

  1. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  3. Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin Mueller, 1961, Eisenb. Hohenstadt
  4. Rudolf hemmerle (1996). Sudetenland Lexikon (in German). Bechtermünz Verlag. p. 202.
  5. "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011". Český statistický úřad. 2015-12-21. Retrieved2017-01-18.
  6. "Welcome to OLMA, a.s." OLMA, a.s.
  7. "SULKO – Spolehlivá okna již více než 20 let". SULKO s.r.o.
  8. http://www.belmont-trading.com
  9. "Strategie rozvoje města Zábřeh 2015–2020". zabreh.cz (in Czech). Město Zábřeh. p. 42. Retrieved2020-09-14.

Bibliography

  • Melzer, Miloš, Schulz, Jindřich a kol. Vlastivěda šumperského okresu. Šumperk : Okresní vlastivědné muzeum Šumperk, 1993. 585 s. ISBN 80-85083-02-7.

Media related to Zábřeh at Wikimedia Commons

Zábřeh
Zabreh Language Watch Edit For other uses see Zabreh disambiguation Zabreh Czech pronunciation ˈzaːbr ɛx German Hohenstadt is a town in the Sumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic It has about 13 000 inhabitants Zabreh Zabreh na MoraveTownZabreh CastleFlagCoat of armsZabrehLocation in the Czech RepublicCoordinates 49 52 55 N 16 52 29 E 49 88194 N 16 87472 E 49 88194 16 87472 Coordinates 49 52 55 N 16 52 29 E 49 88194 N 16 87472 E 49 88194 16 87472Country Czech RepublicRegionOlomoucDistrictSumperkFirst mentioned1254Government MayorFrantisek John KDU CSL Area Total34 58 km2 13 35 sq mi Elevation285 m 935 ft Population 2020 01 01 1 Total13 456 Density390 km2 1 000 sq mi Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code789 01Websitewww wbr zabreh wbr cz Contents 1 Administrative parts 2 Etymology 3 Geography 4 History 5 Demography 5 1 History of population 6 Economy 7 Notable people 8 Twin towns sister cities 9 References 9 1 Bibliography 10 External linksAdministrative parts EditVillages Dolni Businov Hnevkov Pivonin and Vaclavov are administrative parts of Zabreh Etymology EditThe name Zabreh is derived from za brehem meaning behind the riverbank It is a reference to the nearby Moravska Sazava river The town s railway station is named Zabreh na Morave literally Zabreh in Moravia to distinguish it from another station called Zabreh now part of Dolni Benesov in Silesia therefore the town is sometimes called Zabreh na Morave however its official name is just Zabreh Hohenstadt is its former German name This name consists of the adjective hohen high and the noun stadt town A name with the same meaning is used in Latin sources Alta Civitas The origin of this name is unclear as the town is situated in lowlands Fountain in ZabrehGeography EditAbout half of the town is situated in the lowlands of the Mohelnicka brazda depression and the second half is located on the hillside of Zabrezska vrchovina literally Zabreh Highlands The Moravska Sazava river flows through the south of the town and an international railway corridor runs along this river The town is a part of the Hanakia ethnographic region History EditThe first note about Zabreh dates back to 1254 when a man by the name of Sulislav from Zabreh was mentioned It is known that the town itself was founded before 1289 because of the name Hohenstadt appearing in sources This was most likely a fortress around which a plantation began to grow transforming into a town gradually The ownership of Zabreh can be ascribed to many famous houses of the time The most famous one and probably the most cruel one was the house of Tunkl Their ownership of the town dates back to 1442 The house was known for its countless arguments with neighbouring masters and also for its behaviour towards its vassals However they rebuilt the fortress and changed it into a castle they had also a merit in pond foundation around the river Moravska Sazava The struggle of vassals against their master Jiri Sr Tunkl between 1492 and 1494 marked the end of this house Then the town came under the mastership of the house Trckove from Lipa but only for a little while The house was replaced by a more powerful one the Boskovicove The town went through a lot during further years The situation improved in the 18th century when the castle was rebuilt once again and extended along with a baroque parish church In the 19th century the Prague Olomouc railway was built through the town marking Zabreh as a powerful centre of economy government and cultural life Until 1918 Hohenstadt Zabreh German name only before 1867 was part of the Austrian monarchy Austria side after the compromise of 1867 head of the district with the same name one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia 2 The town was connected to the railway before 1850 3 In 1938 it was occupied by the Nazi Army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland The German speaking population was expelled in 1945 see the Benes decrees Demography EditZabreh was originally a Czech town with a German minority and a Jewish community citation needed The town became a border town of the linguistic border between German and Czech In 1880 the town s majority was German speaking but after the Czech s successful claim to the whole of Bohemia the town s majority was Czech speaking by 1930 4 Most Jews were killed during the Nazi occupation and the Germans were expelled in 1945 after Germany s borders were redrawn by the victorious Allied powers Abandoned houses were taken over by Czechs from different parts of the country Nowadays the town is populated by a Czech majority and significant Romani and Vietnamese minorities History of population Edit 1880 6 017 people in 785 houses 1900 7 166 people in 829 houses 1930 9 122 people in 1294 houses 1950 8 449 people in 1627 houses 1970 11 420 people in 1607 houses 1991 15 005 people in 1948 houses 2001 14 561 people in 2006 houses 5 Economy Edit The Obornik Pond was used as a water source for a textile factory The abandoned factory is in the background Tall silo makes the town horizon easy recognizable Historically Zabreh was a textile town profiting from its location next to the international railway Textile companies bankrupted in the 1990s due to former communist administration and cheap Asian competition Therefore the west part of the town is occupied by brownfield land which hasn t been revitalized yet and is sporadically used as warehouses workshops and as recreation space Zabreh is situated in fertile lowland which is used for agricultural production Maize wheat oilseed rape poppy and fodder plant are grown A tall silo is situated in outskirt of the town and helps create town panorama In the south of the town next to the railway a dairy is located The Olma 6 dairy produces yoghurts milk cream butter and cheese Its products are known in Czech Republic as well in Slovakia Poland and Hungary The owner is Andrej Babis The Sulko 7 factory produces plastic windows and doors Part of the production is exported to west Europe The HDO factory processes zinc alloy The Pass company connected with automotive training school provides complex truck and cars repair services The butchery of Jiri Ryznar and The Hevos the kitchen producer and designer are regionally significant U S based Belmont Trading Company 8 operates an eMaterials processing and recycling facility which prepares used mobile devices computing equipment and telecom network equipment for resale or recycling Notable people EditJan Eskymo Welzl 1868 1948 traveller adventurer gold digger and writer Ctirad Kohoutek 1929 2011 composer Lubos Kohoutek born 1935 astronomer Jaroslav Mostecky born 1963 writer Ondrej Bank born 1980 alpine skier Pavel Pumprla born 1986 basketball player Emil Novak born 1989 snowboarder Robin Wagner born 1993 cyclist Pavlina Godova aka Guenuche Paula Pavla Saba Bella Paulinka Johana born 1992 glamour modelTwin towns sister cities EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in the Czech Republic Zabreh is twinned with 9 Handlova Slovakia Ochsenfurt GermanyReferences Edit Population of Municipalities 1 January 2020 Czech Statistical Office 2020 04 30 Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den osterreichischen Postwertzeichen Ausgaben 1867 1883 und 1890 Wilhelm Klein 1967 Handbook of Austria and Lombardy Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850 1864 by Edwin Mueller 1961 Eisenb Hohenstadt Rudolf hemmerle 1996 Sudetenland Lexikon in German Bechtermunz Verlag p 202 Historicky lexikon obci Ceske republiky 1869 2011 Cesky statisticky urad 2015 12 21 Retrieved 2017 01 18 Welcome to OLMA a s OLMA a s SULKO Spolehliva okna jiz vice nez 20 let SULKO s r o http www belmont trading com Strategie rozvoje mesta Zabreh 2015 2020 zabreh cz in Czech Mesto Zabreh p 42 Retrieved 2020 09 14 Bibliography Edit Melzer Milos Schulz Jindrich a kol Vlastiveda sumperskeho okresu Sumperk Okresni vlastivedne muzeum Sumperk 1993 585 s ISBN 80 85083 02 7 External links Edit Media related to Zabreh at Wikimedia Commons Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zabreh amp oldid 1006333105, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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