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Wikipedia

Zagreb

This article is about the Croatian capital city. For other uses, see Zagreb (disambiguation).

Zagreb ( , , , Croatian: ()) is the capital and largest city of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft) above sea level. The estimated population of the city in 2018 was 804,507. The population of the Zagreb urban agglomeration is 1,153,255, approximately a quarter of the total population of Croatia.

Zagreb
Grad Zagreb
City of Zagreb
Zagreb
Location of Zagreb in Croatia
Show map of Croatia
Zagreb
Zagreb (Europe)
Show map of Europe
Coordinates:45°49′N15°59′E /45.817°N 15.983°E /45.817; 15.983Coordinates: 45°49′N15°59′E /45.817°N 15.983°E /45.817; 15.983
CountryCroatia
CountyCity of Zagreb
RC diocese1094
Free royal city1242
Unified1850
Subdivisions17 city districts
218 local committees
70 settlements
Government
• TypeMayor-Council
MayorTomislav Tomašević (Možemo!)
City Assembly
47 members
Area
• City641 km2 (247 sq mi)
• Urban
202.4 km2 (78.1 sq mi)
• Metro
2,911 km2 (1,124 sq mi)
Elevation
158 m (518 ft)
Highest elevation
1,035 m (3,396 ft)
Lowest elevation
122 m (400 ft)
Population
(2011 census)
• City790,017
• Estimate
(2018)
807,254
Metro
1,153,255
• Metro density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Zagreber (en)
Zagrepčanin (hr, male)
Zagrepčanka (hr, female)
Purger (informal, jargon)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
HR-10 000, HR-10 010, HR-10 020, HR-10 040, HR-10 090
Area code+385 1
Vehicle registrationZG
GDP (PPP)2017
- Total$38.9 billion / €29.7 billion
- Per capita$44,433 / €38,237
HDI (2019)0.908very high
Websitezagreb.hr

Zagreb is a city with a rich history dating from Roman times. The oldest settlement in the vicinity of the city was the Roman Andautonia, in today's Ščitarjevo. The name "Zagreb" is recorded in 1134, in reference to the foundation of the settlement at Kaptol in 1094. Zagreb became a free royal city in 1242. In 1851 Zagreb had its first mayor, Janko Kamauf.

Zagreb has special status as a Croatian administrative division and is a consolidated city-county (but separated from Zagreb County), and is administratively subdivided into 17 city districts. Most of them are at a low elevation along the river Sava valley, whereas northern and northeastern city districts, such as Podsljeme and Sesvete districts are situated in the foothills of the Medvednica mountain, making the city's geographical image rather diverse. The city extends over 30 kilometres (19 miles) east-west and around 20 kilometres (12 miles) north-south.

Zagreb is considered a global city with a Beta-rating from the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

The transport connections, concentration of industry, scientific, and research institutions and industrial tradition underlie its leading economic position in Croatia. Zagreb is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies, and almost all government ministries. Almost all of the largest Croatian companies, media, and scientific institutions have their headquarters in the city. Zagreb is the most important transport hub in Croatia where Central Europe, the Mediterranean and Southeast Europe meet, making the Zagreb area the centre of the road, rail and air networks of Croatia. It is a city known for its diverse economy, high quality of living, museums, sporting, and entertainment events. Its main branches of economy are high-tech industries and the service sector.

Contents

Kaptol 1686.

The etymology of the name Zagreb is unclear. It was used for the united city only from 1852, but it had been in use as the name of the Zagreb Diocese since the 12th century and was increasingly used for the city in the 17th century. The name is first recorded in a charter by archbishop of Esztergom Felician, dated 1134, mentioned as Zagrabiensem episcopatum.

The older form of the name is Zagrab. The modern Croatian form Zagreb is first recorded in a 1689 map by Nicolas Sanson. An even older form is reflected in Hungarian Zabrag (recorded from c. 1200 and in use until the 18th century). For this, Hungarian linguist Gyula Décsy proposes the etymology of Chabrag, a well-attested hypocorism of the name Cyprian. The same form is reflected in a number of Hungarian toponyms, such as Csepreg.

The name might be derived from Proto-Slavic word *grębъ which means hill, uplift. (However, note Serbo-Croatian brȇg < Proto-Slavic *bergъ, which also means '(smaller) hill', and za brȇg 'to or toward the hill' for the seemingly metathesized variant in Hungarian, Zabrag – possibly modified from assumed *Zabreg because of Hungarian vowel harmony.) An Old Croatian reconstructed name *Zagrębъ is manifested through the German name of the city Agram.

The name Agram was used in German in the Habsburg period; this name has been classified as "probably of Roman origin" but according to Décsy (1990) it could be an Austrian German reanalysis of *Zugram. In Middle Latin and Modern Latin, Zagreb is known as Agranum (the name of an unrelated Arabian city in Strabo), Zagrabia or Mons Graecensis (also Mons Crecensis, in reference to Grič (Gradec)).

Sculpture symbolizing the Croatia-Slavonia, Zagreb

In Croatian folk etymology, the name of the city has been derived from either the verb za-grab-, meaning "to scoop" or "to dig". One folk legend illustrating this derivation ties the name to a drought of the early 14th century, during which Augustin Kažotić (c. 1260–1323) is said to have dug a well which miraculously produced water. In another legend, a city governor is thirsty and orders a girl named Manda to "scoop" water from the Manduševac well (nowadays a fountain in Ban Jelačić Square), using the imperative: Zagrabi, Mando! ("Scoop, Manda!").

The oldest settlement located near today's Zagreb was a Roman town of Andautonia, now Ščitarjevo, which existed between the 1st and the 5th century AD. The first recorded appearance of the name Zagreb is dated to 1094, at which time the city existed as two different city centers: the smaller, eastern Kaptol, inhabited mainly by clergy and housing Zagreb Cathedral, and the larger, western Gradec, inhabited mainly by craftsmen and merchants. Gradec and Kaptol were united in 1851 by ban Josip Jelačić, who was credited for this, with the naming the main city square, Ban Jelačić Square in his honor.

Zagreb Cathedral end of 19th century

During the period of former Yugoslavia, Zagreb remained an important economic centre of the country, and was the second largest city. After Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia, Zagreb was proclaimed its capital.

Early Zagreb

The history of Zagreb dates as far back as 1094 A.D. when the Hungarian King Ladislaus, returning from his campaign against Croatia, founded a diocese. Alongside the bishop's see, the canonical settlement Kaptol developed north of Zagreb Cathedral, as did the fortified settlement Gradec on the neighbouring hill; the border between the two being the Medveščak stream. Today the latter is Zagreb's Upper Town (Gornji Grad) and is one of the best preserved urban nuclei in Croatia. Both settlements came under Tatar attack in 1242. As a sign of gratitude for offering him a safe haven from the Tatars the Croatian and Hungarian King Béla IV bestowed Gradec with a Golden Bull, which offered its citizens exemption from county rule and autonomy, as well as its own judicial system.

16th to 18th centuries

There were numerous connections between the Kaptol diocese and the free sovereign town of Gradec for both economic and political reasons, but they weren't known as an integrated city, even as Zagreb became the political center and, representing both Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia, first convened at Gradec. Zagreb became Croatian Capitol in 1557, with city also being chosen as the seat of the Ban of Croatia in 1621 under ban Nikola IX Frankopan.

Starčević square, first half of the 20th century

At the invitation of the Croatian Parliament, the Jesuits came to Zagreb and built the first grammar school, the St. Catherine's Church and monastery. In 1669, they founded an academy where philosophy, theology, and law were taught, the forerunner of today's University of Zagreb.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, Zagreb was badly devastated by fire and the plague. In 1776, the royal council (government) moved from Varaždin to Zagreb and during the reign of Joseph II Zagreb became the headquarters of the Varaždin and Karlovac general command.

19th to mid-20th century

In the 19th century, Zagreb was the center of the Croatian National Revival and saw the erection of important cultural and historic institutions. In 1850, the town was united under its first mayorJanko Kamauf.

The first railway line to connect Zagreb with Zidani Most and Sisak was opened in 1862 and in 1863 Zagreb received a gasworks. The Zagreb waterworks was opened in 1878.

After the 1880 Zagreb earthquake, up to the 1914 outbreak of World War I, development flourished and the town received the characteristic layout which it has today. The first horse-drawn tram was used in 1891. The construction of the railway lines enabled the old suburbs to merge gradually into Donji Grad, characterized by a regular block pattern that prevails in Central European cities. This bustling core hosts many imposing buildings, monuments, and parks as well as a multitude of museums, theatres, and cinemas. An electric power plant was built in 1907.

Since 1 January 1877, the Grič cannon is fired daily from the Lotrščak Tower on Grič to mark midday.

The first half of the 20th century saw a considerable expansion of Zagreb. Before World War I, the city expanded and neighborhoods like Stara Peščenica in the east and Črnomerec in the west were created. After the war, working-class districts such as Trnje emerged between the railway and the Sava, whereas the construction of residential districts on the hills of the southern slopes of Medvednica was completed between the two World Wars.

In the 1920s, the population of Zagreb increased by 70 percent – the largest demographic boom in the history of the town. In 1926, the first radio station in the region began broadcasting from Zagreb, and in 1947 the Zagreb Fair was opened.

During World War II, Zagreb became the capital of the Independent State of Croatia, which was backed by Nazi Germany and the Italians. The history of Zagreb in World War II became rife with incidents of regime terror and resistance sabotage, and the Ustaša regime had thousands of people executed during the war in and near the city. The city was taken by the Partisans at the end of the war. From 1945 until 1990, Zagreb was the capital of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, one of the six constituent socialist republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Modern Zagreb

Panoramic view of Upper Town – Gradec

The area between the railway and the Sava river witnessed a new construction boom after World War II. After the mid-1950s, construction of new residential areas south of the Sava river began, resulting in Novi Zagreb (Croatian for New Zagreb), originally called "Južni Zagreb" (Southern Zagreb). Today Novi Zagreb is divided in two city districts: Novi Zagreb – zapad (New Zagreb – West) and Novi Zagreb – istok (New Zagreb – East)

The city also expanded westward and eastward, incorporating Dubrava, Podsused, Jarun, Blato, and other settlements.

The cargo railway hub and the international airport Pleso were built south of the Sava river. The largest industrial zone (Žitnjak) in the south-eastern part of the city represents an extension of the industrial zones on the eastern outskirts of the city, between the Sava and the Prigorje region. Zagreb also hosted the Summer Universiade in 1987. This event initiated the creation of pedestrian-only zones in the city centre and numerous new sport infrastructure, lacking until then, all around the city.

During the 1991–1995 Croatian War of Independence, it was a scene of some sporadic fighting surrounding its JNA army barracks, but escaped major damage. In May 1995, it was targeted by Serb rocket artillery in two rocket attacks which killed seven civilians and wounded many.

An urbanized area connects Zagreb with the surrounding towns of Zaprešić, Samobor, Dugo Selo, and Velika Gorica. Sesvete was the first and the closest area to become a part of the agglomeration and is already included in the City of Zagreb for administrative purposes and now forms the easternmost city district.

Upper Town (Gornji Grad), aerial view
Aerial view of (Donji grad) Lower Town

In 2020 the city was hit by a 5.5 magnitude earthquake. Various buildings in the historic downtown area were damaged. The city's iconic cathedral lost the cross off of one of its towers. This earthquake was the strongest one to affect the city since the destructive 1880 Zagreb earthquake.

Area and population development

Year Area
(km2)
Population
(within city limits at that time)
Population
(within today's city limits)
1368 2,810
1742 3.33 5,600
1805 3.33 7,706(≈11 000 in total)
1848 25.4 15,978
1850 25.4 16,036
1857 25.4 16,657 48,266
1869 25.4 19,857 54,761
1880 25.4 30,830 67,188
1890 25.4 40,268 82,848
1900 64.37 61,002 111,565
1910 64.37 79,038 136,351
1921 64.37 108,674 167,765
1931 64.37 185,581 258,024
1948 74.99 279,623 356,529
1953 235.74 350,829 393,919
1961 495.60 430,802 478,076
1971 497.95 602,205 629,896
1981 1,261.54 768,700 723,065
1991 1,715.55 933,914 777,826
2001 641.36 779,145 779,145
2011 641.36 790,017 790,017
The data in column 3 refers to the population in the city borders as of the census in question. Column 4 is calculated for the territory now defined as the City of Zagreb (Narodne Novine 97/10).

Climate

King Tomislav Square

The climate of Zagreb is classified as an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), but with significant continental influences and very closely bordering on a humid continental climate (Dfb) as well as a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Zagreb has four separate seasons. Summers are generally warm, sometimes hot. In late May it gets significantly warmer, temperatures start rising and it is often very warm or even hot with frequent afternoon and evening thunderstorms. Heatwaves can occur but are short-lived. Temperatures rise above 30 °C (86 °F) on an average 14.6 days each summer. Rainfall is abundant in the summertime and it continues to be in autumn as well. With 840 mm of precipitation per year, Zagreb is Europe's ninth wettest capital, receiving less precipitation than Luxembourg but more than Brussels, Paris or London. Autumn in its early stage often brings pleasant and sunny weather with occasional episodes of rain later in the season. Late autumn is characterized by an increase in rainy days as well as by steadily declining temperature averages. Morning fog is common from mid-October to January, with northern city districts at the foothills of the Medvednica mountain as well as the districts along the Sava river being more prone to all-day fog accumulation. Winters are relatively cold with a precipitation decrease pattern. February is the driest month, averaging 39 mm of precipitation. On average there are 29 days with snowfall, with the first snow usually falling in early December. However, in recent years, the number of days with snowfall has decreased sharply. Springs are generally mild and very pleasant with frequent weather changes and are windier than other seasons. Sometimes cold spells can occur, mostly in their early stages. The average daily mean temperature in the winter is around 1 °C (34 °F) (from December to February) and the average temperature in the summer is 22.0 °C (71.6 °F).

The highest recorded temperature at the Maksimir weather station was 40.4 °C (104.7 °F) in July 1950, and lowest was −27.3 °C (−17.1 °F) in February 1956. A temperature of −30.5 °C (−22.9 °F) was recorded on the since defunct Borongaj Airfield in February 1940.

Climate data for Zagreb Maksimir (1971–2000, extremes 1949–2019)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
22.6
(72.7)
26.0
(78.8)
30.5
(86.9)
33.7
(92.7)
37.6
(99.7)
40.4
(104.7)
39.8
(103.6)
34.0
(93.2)
28.3
(82.9)
25.4
(77.7)
22.5
(72.5)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
6.8
(44.2)
11.9
(53.4)
16.3
(61.3)
21.5
(70.7)
24.5
(76.1)
26.7
(80.1)
26.3
(79.3)
22.1
(71.8)
15.8
(60.4)
8.9
(48.0)
4.6
(40.3)
15.8
(60.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
2.3
(36.1)
6.4
(43.5)
10.7
(51.3)
15.8
(60.4)
18.8
(65.8)
20.6
(69.1)
20.1
(68.2)
15.9
(60.6)
10.5
(50.9)
5.0
(41.0)
1.4
(34.5)
10.7
(51.3)
Average low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.6
(34.9)
5.2
(41.4)
9.8
(49.6)
13.0
(55.4)
14.7
(58.5)
14.4
(57.9)
10.8
(51.4)
6.2
(43.2)
1.4
(34.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.5
(36.5)
5.4
(41.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
−13.5
(7.7)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−27.5
(−17.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.2
(1.70)
38.9
(1.53)
52.6
(2.07)
59.3
(2.33)
72.6
(2.86)
95.3
(3.75)
77.4
(3.05)
92.3
(3.63)
85.8
(3.38)
82.9
(3.26)
80.1
(3.15)
59.6
(2.35)
840.1
(33.07)
Average precipitation days(≥ 0.1 mm) 9.8 9.4 11.0 13.0 13.5 13.7 11.2 10.4 10.4 10.9 11.3 11.0 135.6
Average snowy days(≥ 1.0 cm) 10.3 7.1 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 6.7 29.0
Average relative humidity (%) 82.5 76.4 70.3 67.5 68.3 69.7 69.1 72.1 77.7 81.3 83.6 84.8 75.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.8 98.9 142.6 168.0 229.4 234.0 275.9 257.3 189.0 124.0 63.0 49.6 1,887.5
Percent possible sunshine 23 39 43 45 54 55 63 63 54 41 26 23 47
Average ultraviolet index 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 1 1 4
Source: Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service and Weather Atlas
Climate data for Zagreb
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily daylight hours 9.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 15.0 14.0 13.0 11.0 9.0 9.0 12.3
Source: Weather Atlas

Cityscape

The most important historical high-rise constructions are Neboder (1958) on Ban Jelačić Square, Cibona Tower (1987), and Zagrepčanka (1976) on Savska Street, Mamutica in Travno (Novi Zagreb – istok district, built in 1974) and Zagreb TV Tower on Sljeme (built in 1973).

In the 2000s, the City Assembly approved a new plan that allowed for the many recent high-rise buildings in Zagreb, such as the Almeria Tower, Eurotower, HOTO Tower, Zagrebtower and one of the tallest skyscrapers Sky Office Tower.

In Novi Zagreb, the neighbourhoods of Blato and Lanište expanded significantly, including the Zagreb Arena and the adjoining business centre.

Due to a long-standing restriction that forbade the construction of 10-story or higher buildings, most of Zagreb's high-rise buildings date from the 1970s and 1980s and new apartment buildings on the outskirts of the city are usually 4–8 floors tall. Exceptions to the restriction have been made in recent years, such as permitting the construction of high-rise buildings in Lanište or Kajzerica.

Surroundings

Further information: Zagreb County, Prigorje, Hrvatsko Zagorje, and Turopolje
Altar of the Homeland
Medvedgrad fortress

The wider Zagreb area has been continuously inhabited since the prehistoric period, as witnessed by archaeological findings in the Veternica cave from the Paleolithic and excavation of the remains of the Roman Andautonia near the present village of Šćitarjevo.

Picturesque former villages on the slopes of Medvednica, Šestine, Gračani, and Remete, maintain their rich traditions, including folk costumes, Šestine umbrellas, and gingerbread products.

To the north is the Medvednica Mountain (Croatian: Zagrebačka gora), with its highest peak Sljeme(1,035 m), where one of the tallest structures in Croatia, Zagreb TV Tower is located. The Sava and the Kupa valleys are to the south of Zagreb, and the region of Hrvatsko Zagorje is located on the other (northern) side of the Medvednica hill. In mid-January 2005, Sljeme held its first World Ski Championship tournament.

From the summit, weather permitting, the vista reaches as far as Velebit Range along Croatia's rocky northern coast, as well as the snow-capped peaks of the towering Julian Alps in neighboring Slovenia. There are several lodging villages, offering accommodation and restaurants for hikers. Skiers visit Sljeme, which has four ski-runs, three ski-lifts, and a chairlift.

The old Medvedgrad, a recently restored medieval burg was built in the 13th century on Medvednica hill. It overlooks the western part of the city and also hosts the Shrine of the Homeland, a memorial with an eternal flame, where Croatia pays reverence to all its heroes fallen for homeland in its history, customarily on national holidays. The ruined medieval fortress Susedgrad is located on the far-western side of Medvednica hill. It has been abandoned since the early 17th century, but it is visited during the year.

Zagreb occasionally experiences earthquakes, due to the proximity of Žumberak-Medvednica fault zone. It's classified as an area of high seismic activity. The area around Medvednica was the epicentre of the 1880 Zagreb earthquake (magnitude 6.3), and the area is known for occasional landslide threatening houses in the area. The proximity of strong seismic sources presents a real danger of strong earthquakes. Croatian Chief of Office of Emergency Management Pavle Kalinić stated Zagreb experiences around 400 earthquakes a year, most of them being imperceptible. However, in case of a strong earthquake, it's expected that 3,000 people would die and up to 15,000 would be wounded.

View of the Church of St. Mark and the Greek Catholic Cathedral (left)

Zagreb is by far the largest city in Croatia in terms of area and population. The official 2011 census counted 790,017 residents, although due to a substantial immigrant influx the number of people residing in the city is much higher.

Zagreb metropolitan area population is slightly above 1.1 million inhabitants, as it includes the Zagreb County. Zagreb metropolitan area makes approximately a quarter of a total population of Croatia. In 1997, the City of Zagreb itself was given special County status, separating it from Zagreb County, although it remains the administrative centre of both.

The majority of its citizens are Croats making up 93% of the city's population (2011 census). The same census records around 55,000 residents belonging to ethnic minorities: 17,526 Serbs (2.22%), 8,119 Bosniaks (1.03%), 4,292 Albanians (0.54%), 2,755 Romani (0.35%), 2,132 Slovenes (0.27%), 1,194 Macedonians (0.15%), 1,191 Montenegrins (0.15%), and a number of other smaller communities.

City districts

Main article: Districts of Zagreb

Since 14 December 1999 City of Zagreb is divided into 17 city districts (gradska četvrt, pl. gradske četvrti):

View to the east of Špansko - south, Rudeš and Zagrebačka Avenue, and to the southeast of Prečko and Vrbani
# District Area (km2) Population
(2011)
Population
density (2011)
Population
(2001)
Population
density (2001)
1. Donji Grad 3.01 37,024 12,333.2 45,108 14,956.2
2. Gornji Grad–Medveščak 10.12 30,962 3,090.8 36,384 3,593.5
3. Trnje 7.37 42,282 5,715.9 45,267 6,146.2
4. Maksimir 14.35 48,902 3,445.8 49,750 3,467.1
5. Peščenica – Žitnjak 35.30 56,487 1,599.0 58,283 1,651.3
6. Novi Zagreb – istok 16.54 59,055 3,580.8 65,301 3,947.1
7. Novi Zagreb – zapad 62.59 58,103 927.1 48,981 782.5
8. Trešnjevka – sjever 5.83 55,425 9,492.6 55,358 9,498.6
9. Trešnjevka – jug 9.84 66,674 6,767.8 67,162 6,828.1
10. CČrnomerec 24.33 38,546 1,604.6 38,762 1,593.4
11. Gornja Dubrava 40.28 61,841 1,544.7 61,388 1,524.1
12. Donja Dubrava 10.82 36,363 3,369.8 35,944 3,321.1
13. Stenjevec 12.18 51,390 4,256.9 41,257 3,387.3
14. Podsused – Vrapče 36.05 45,759 1,269.6 42,360 1,175.1
15. Podsljeme 60.11 19,165 320.2 17,744 295.2
16. Sesvete 165.26 70,009 427.4 59,212 358.3
17. Brezovica 127.45 12,030 94.4 10,884 85.4
TOTAL 641.43 790,017 1,236.1 779,145 1,214.9
Largest groups of foreign residents

Since 2011 Census, number of foreign nationals have moved to City, significant number of EU nationals due to EU enlargement with Spanish, German, French and Italian nationals coming to settle in the city. A number of South Koreans have also settled in the city due to popularity of Croatia in South Korea, Chinese nationals have also increasingly settled in the city with at least 1400 Chinese nationals registered as residents in Zagreb. Although numbers are still relatively small when compared to similar sized EU cities.

Nationality Population (2011)
Serbia 17,526
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8,119
Albania 4,292
Slovenia 2,132
Macedonia 1,194
Montenegro 1,191
Czech Republic 835
Hungary 825
Italy 399
Germany 364
Ukraine 332
Russia 331

City districts are subdivided in 218 local committees as primary units of local self-government.

Settlements

The defensive walls and towers around Kaptol were built between 1469 and 1473
Stone Gate is the eastern gate to medieval town and Zagreb's most important shrine built between 1242 and 1266
Maksimir Park, opened in 1794 it is the oldest public park in Zagreb and region

The city itself is not the only standalone settlement in the City of Zagreb administrative area – there are a number of larger urban settlements like Sesvete and Lučko and a number of smaller villages attached to it whose population is tracked separately. There are 70 settlements in the City of Zagreb administrative area:

Aerial photo of Dugave, Travno and Sloboština quarters of Novi Zagreb
Mamutica in East Novi Zagreb city district (Travno local committee area), an apartment complex built in 1974 as the Croatian version of the plattenbau, largest building (by volume) in Zagreb and in Croatia

The current mayor of Zagreb is Tomislav Tomašević ('We can!'), elected in the 2021 Zagreb local elections, the second round of which was held on 30 May 2021. There are two deputy mayors elected from the same list, Danijela Dolenec and Luka Korlaet.

The Zagreb Assembly is composed of 51 representatives, elected in the 2021 Zagreb local elections. The political groups represented in the Assembly (as of June 2021):

Groups No. of members per group
2021
Green–Left
23 / 47
HDZ
6 / 47
DP
5 / 47
BM365
5 / 47
SDP
5 / 47
Most
3 / 47
Source:

Administration

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Kockica, headquarters of Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure and Ministry of Tourism of Croatia

According to the Constitution, the city of Zagreb, as the capital of Croatia, has a special status. As such, Zagreb performs self-governing public affairs of both city and county. It is also the seat of the Zagreb County which encircles Zagreb.

The city administration bodies are the Zagreb City Assembly (Gradska skupština Grada Zagreba) as the representative body and the mayor of Zagreb (Gradonačelnik Grada Zagreba) who is the executive head of the city.

The City Assembly is the representative body of the citizens of the City of Zagreb elected for a four-year term on the basis of universal suffrage in direct elections by secret ballot using proportional system with d'Hondt method in a manner specified by law. There are 51 representatives in the City Assembly, among them the president and vice-presidents of the assembly are elected by the representatives.

Prior to 2009, the mayor was elected by the City Assembly. It was changed to direct elections by majoritarian vote (two-round system) in 2009. The mayor is the head of the city administration and has two deputies (directly elected together with him/her).

Monument of Ante Starčević, Croatian politician and writer, commonly called Father of the Nation

The term of office of the mayor (and his/her deputies) is four years. The mayor (with the deputies) may be recalled by a referendum according to the law (not less than 20% of all electors in the City of Zagreb or not less than two-thirds of the Zagreb Assembly city deputies have the right to initiate a city referendum regarding recalling of the mayor; when a majority of voters taking part in the referendum vote in favor of the recall, provided that majority includes not less than one third of all persons entitled to vote in the City of Zagreb, i.e. ⅓ of persons in the City of Zagreb electoral register, the mayor's mandate shall be deemed revoked and special mayoral by-elections shall be held).

In the City of Zagreb the mayor is also responsible for the state administration (due to the special status of Zagreb as a "city with county rights", there isn't a State Administration Office which in all counties performs tasks of the central government).

City administration offices, institutions and services (18 city offices, 1 public institute or bureau and 2 city services) have been founded for performing activities within the self-administrative sphere and activities entrusted by the state administration. The city administrative bodies are managed by the principals (appointed by the mayor for a four-year term of office, may be appointed again to the same duty). The City Assembly Professional Service is managed by the secretary of the City Assembly (appointed by the Assembly).

Local government is organised in 17 city districts represented by City District Councils. Residents of districts elect members of councils.

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

Zagreb is twinned with the following towns and cities:

The Strossmayer Promenade, walkway built on top of the city walls

Partner cities

The city has partnership arrangements with:

Tourism

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(December 2020)

Zagreb is an important tourist center, not only in terms of passengers traveling from the rest of Europe to the Adriatic Sea, but also as a travel destination itself. Since the end of the war, it has attracted close to a million visitors annually, mainly from Austria, Germany, and Italy, and in recent years many tourists from far east (South Korea, Japan, China, and last two years, from India). It has become an important tourist destination, not only in Croatia, but considering the whole region of southeastern Europe. There are many interesting sights and happenings for tourists to attend in Zagreb, for example, the two statues of Saint George, one at the Republic of Croatia Square, the other at the Stone Gate, where the image of Virgin Mary is said to be the only thing that hasn't burned in the 17th-century fire. Also, there is an art installation starting in the Bogovićeva Street, called Nine Views.

Zagreb is also famous for its award-winning Christmas market that had been named the one in Europe for three years in a row (2015, 2016, 2017) by European Best Destinations.

The historical part of the city to the north of Ban Jelačić Square is composed of the Gornji Grad and Kaptol, a medieval urban complex of churches, palaces, museums, galleries and government buildings that are popular with tourists on sightseeing tours. The historic district can be reached on foot, starting from the Ban Jelačić Square, the center of Zagreb, or by a funicular on nearby Tomićeva Street. Each Saturday, (from April till the end of September), on St. Mark's Square in the Upper town, tourists can meet members of the Order of The Silver Dragon (Red Srebrnog Zmaja), who reenact famous historical conflicts between Gradec and Kaptol. It's a great opportunity for all visitors to take photographs of authentic and fully functional historical replicas of medieval armor.

In 2010 more than 600,000 tourists visited the city, with a 10% increase seen in 2011. In 2012 a total of 675 707 tourists visited the city. A record number of tourists visited Zagreb in 2017. – 1.286.087, up 16% compared to the year before, which generated 2.263.758 overnight stays, up 14,8%.

Souvenirs and gastronomy

Tkalčićeva Street with many cafes, bars and restaurants of local and foreign cuisine
Licitar hearts, a popular souvenir

Numerous shops, boutiques, store houses and shopping centers offer a variety of quality clothing. There are about fourteen big shopping centers in Zagreb. Zagreb's offerings include crystal, china and ceramics, wicker or straw baskets, and top-quality Croatian wines and gastronomic products.

Notable Zagreb souvenirs are the tie or cravat, an accessory named after Croats who wore characteristic scarves around their necks in the Thirty Years' War in the 17th century and the ball-point pen, a tool developed from the inventions by Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, an inventor and a citizen of Zagreb.

Many Zagreb restaurants offer various specialties of national and international cuisine. Domestic products which deserve to be tasted include turkey, duck or goose with mlinci (a kind of pasta), štrukli (cottage cheese strudel), sir i vrhnje (cottage cheese with cream), kremšnite (custard slices in flaky pastry), and orehnjača (traditional walnut roll).

Museums

Zagreb's numerous museums reflect the history, art, and culture not only of Zagreb and Croatia, but also of Europe and the world. Around thirty collections in museums and galleries comprise more than 3.6 million various exhibits, excluding church and private collections.

The Archaeological Museum (19 Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square) collections, today consisting of nearly 450,000 varied archaeological artefacts and monuments, have been gathered over the years from many different sources. These holdings include evidence of Croatian presence in the area. The most famous are the Egyptian collection, the Zagreb mummy and bandages with the oldest Etruscan inscription in the world (Liber Linteus Zagrabiensis), as well as the numismatic collection.

Modern Gallery (Croatian: Moderna galerija) holds the most important and comprehensive collection of paintings, sculptures and drawings by 19th- and 20th-century Croatian artists. The collection numbers more than 10,000 works of art, housed since 1934 in the historic Vranyczany Palace in the center of Zagreb, overlooking the Zrinjevac Park. A secondary gallery is the Josip Račić Studio at Margaretska 3.

Croatian Natural History Museum (1 Demetrova Street) holds one of the world's most important collection of Neanderthal remains found at one site. These are the remains, stone weapons, and tools of prehistoric Krapina man. The holdings of the Croatian Natural History Museum comprise more than 250,000 specimens distributed among various collections.

Technical Museum (18 Savska Street) was founded in 1954 and it maintains the oldest preserved machine in the area, dating from 1830, which is still operational. The museum exhibits numerous historic aircraft, cars, machinery and equipment. There are some distinct sections in the museum: the Planetarium, the Apisarium, the Mine (model of mines for coal, iron and non-ferrous metals, about 300 m (980 ft) long), and the Nikola Tesla study.

Museum of the City of Zagreb (20 Opatička Street) was established in 1907 by the Association of the Braća Hrvatskog Zmaja. It is located in a restored monumental complex (Popov toranj, the Observatory, Zakmardi Granary) of the former Convent of the Poor Clares, of 1650. The Museum deals with topics from the cultural, artistic, economic and political history of the city spanning from Roman finds to the modern period. The holdings comprise over 80,000 items arranged systematically into collections of artistic and mundane objects characteristic of the city and its history.

Arts and Crafts Museum (10 Republic of Croatia Square) was founded in 1880 with the intention of preserving the works of art and craft against the new predominance of industrial products. With its 160,000 exhibits, the Arts and Crafts Museum is a national-level museum for artistic production and the history of material culture in Croatia.

Ethnographic Museum (14 Ivan Mažuranić Square) was founded in 1919. It lies in the fine Secession building of the one-time Trades Hall of 1903. The ample holdings of about 80,000 items cover the ethnographic heritage of Croatia, classified in the three cultural zones: the Pannonian, Dinaric and Adriatic.

Mimara Museum (5 Roosevelt Square) was founded with a donation from Ante "Mimara" Topić and opened to the public in 1987. It is located in a late 19th-century neo-Renaissance palace. The holdings comprise 3,750 works of art of various techniques and materials, and different cultures and civilizations.

Croatian Museum of Naïve Art (works by Croatian primitivists at 3 Ćirilometodska Street) is one of the first museums of naïve art in the world. The museum holds works of Croatian naïve expression of the 20th century. It is located in the 18th-century Raffay Palace in the Gornji Grad. The museum holdings consist of almost 2000 works of art – paintings, sculptures, drawings, and prints, mainly by Croatians but also by other well-known world artists. From time to time, the museum organizes topics and retrospective exhibitions by naïve artists, expert meetings and educational workshops and playrooms.

The Museum of Contemporary Art was founded in 1954. Its new building hosts a rich collection of Croatian and international contemporary visual art which has been collected throughout the decades from the nineteen-fifties till today. The museum is located in the center of Novi Zagreb, opened in 2009. The old location, 2 St. Catherine's Square, is part of the Kulmer Palace in the Gornji Grad.

Other museums and galleries are also found in the Croatian School Museum, the Croatian Hunting Museum, the Croatian Sports Museum, the Croatian Post and Telecommunications Museum, the HAZU (Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts) Glyptotheque (collection of monuments), and the HAZU Graphics Cabinet.

Column of Virgin Mary and Angels, Kaptol Square

The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters (11 Zrinski Square) offers permanent holdings presenting European paintings from the 14th to 19th centuries, and the Ivan Meštrović Studio, (8 Mletačka Street) with sculptures, drawings, lithography portfolios and other items, was a donation of this great artist to his homeland The Museum and Gallery Center (4 Jesuit Square) introduces on various occasions the Croatian and foreign cultural and artistic heritage. The Art Pavilion (22 King Tomislav Square) by Viennese architects Hellmer and Fellmer who were the most famous designers of theatres in Central Europe is a neo-classical exhibition complex and one of the landmarks of the downtown. The exhibitions are also held in the impressive Meštrović building on the Square of the Victims of Fascism – the Home of Croatian Fine Artists. The World Center "Wonder of Croatian Naïve Art" (12 Ban Jelačić Square) exhibits masterpieces of Croatian naïve art as well as the works of a new generation of artists. The Modern Gallery (1 Hebrangova Street) comprises all relevant fine artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. The Museum of Broken Relationships at 2 Ćirilometodska holds people's mementos of past relationships. It is the first private museum in the country. Lauba House (23a Baruna Filipovića) presents works from Filip Trade Collection, a large private collection of modern and contemporary Croatian art and current artistic production.

Events

Zagreb has been, and is, hosting some of the most popular mainstream artists, in the past few years their concerts held the Rolling Stones, U2, Eric Clapton, Deep Purple, Bob Dylan, David Bowie, Roger Waters, Depeche Mode, Prodigy, Beyoncé, Nick Cave, Jamiroquai, Manu Chao, Massive Attack, Metallica, Snoop Dogg, Lady Gaga, Duran Duran as well as some of world most recognised underground artists such as Dimmu Borgir, Sepultura, Melvins, Mastodon and many more.

Zagreb is also a home of the INmusic festival, one of the biggest open-air festivals in Croatia which is held every year, usually at the end of June. There is also the Zagreb Jazz Festival which has featured popular jazz artists like Pat Metheny or Sonny Rollins. Many others festivals occur in Zagreb like Žedno uho featuring indie, rock, metal and electronica artists such as Animal Collective, Melvins, Butthole Surfers, Crippled Black Phoenix, NoMeansNo, The National, Mark Lanegan, Swans, Mudhoney around the clubs and concert halls of Zagreb.

Performing arts

Festival of Lights

There are about 20 permanent or seasonal theatres and stages. The Croatian National Theater in Zagreb was built in 1895 and opened by emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria. The most renowned concert hall named "Vatroslav Lisinski", after the composer of the first Croatian opera, was built in 1973.

Animafest, the World Festival of Animated Films, takes place every even-numbered year, and the Music Biennale, the international festival of avant-garde music, every odd-numbered year. It also hosts the annual ZagrebDox documentary film festival. The Festival of the Zagreb Philharmonic and the flowers exhibition Floraart (end of May or beginning of June), the Old-timer Rally annual events. In the summer, theatre performances and concerts, mostly in the Upper Town, are organized either indoors or outdoors. The stage on Opatovina hosts the Zagreb Histrionic Summer theatre events.

Zagreb is also the host of Zagrebfest, the oldest Croatian pop-music festival, as well as of several traditional international sports events and tournaments. The Day of the City of Zagreb on 16 November is celebrated every year with special festivities, especially on the Jarun lake in the southwestern part of the city.

Recreation and sports

Zagreb is home to numerous sports and recreational centers. Recreational Sports Center Jarun, situated on Jarun Lake in the southwest of the city, has fine shingle beaches, a world-class regatta course, a jogging lane around the lake, several restaurants, many night clubs and a discothèque. Its sports and recreation opportunities include swimming, sunbathing, waterskiing, angling, and other water sports, but also beach volleyball, football, basketball, handball, table tennis, and mini-golf.

Dom Sportova, a sport centre in northern Trešnjevka features six halls. The largest two have seating capacity of 5,000 and 3,100 people, respectively. This centre is used for basketball, handball, volleyball, hockey, gymnastics, tennis, etc. It also hosts music events.

Arena Zagreb was finished in 2008. The 16,500-seat arena hosted the 2009 World Men's Handball Championship. The Dražen Petrović Basketball Hall seats 5,400 people. Alongside the hall is the 94-metre (308 ft) high glass Cibona Tower. Sports Park Mladost, situated on the embankment of the Sava river, has an Olympic-size swimming pool, smaller indoor and outdoor swimming pools, a sunbathing terrace, 16 tennis courts as well as basketball, volleyball, handball, football and field hockey courts. A volleyball sports hall is within the park. Sports and Recreational Center Šalata, located in Šalata, only a couple hundred meters from the Jelačić Square, is most attractive for tennis players. It comprises a big tennis court and eight smaller ones, two of which are covered by the so-called "balloon", and another two equipped with lights. The center also has swimming pools, basketball courts, football fields, a gym, and fitness center, and a four-lane bowling alley. Outdoor ice skating is a popular winter recreation. There are also several fine restaurants within and near the center.

Maksimir Tennis Center, located in Ravnice east of downtown, consists of two sports blocks. The first comprises a tennis center situated in a large tennis hall with four courts. There are 22 outdoor tennis courts with lights. The other block offers multipurpose sports facilities: apart from tennis courts, there are handball, basketball and indoor football grounds, as well as track and field facilities, a bocci ball alley and table tennis opportunities.

Recreational swimmers can enjoy a smaller-size indoor swimming pool in Daničićeva Street, and a newly opened indoor Olympic-size pool at Utrine sports center in Novi Zagreb. Skaters can skate in the skating rink on Trg Sportova (Sports Square) and on the lake Jarun Skaters' park. Hippodrome Zagreb offers recreational horseback riding opportunities, while horse races are held every weekend during the warmer part of the year.

The 38,923-seat Maksimir Stadium, last 10 years under renovation, is located in Maksimir in the northeastern part of the city. The stadium is part of the immense Svetice recreational and sports complex (ŠRC Svetice), south of the Maksimir Park. The complex covers an area of 276,440 m2 (68 acres). It is part of a significant green zone, which passes from Medvednica in the north toward the south. ŠRC Svetice, together with Maksimir Park, creates an ideal connection of areas which are assigned to sport, recreation, and leisure.

The latest larger recreational facility is Bundek, a group of two small lakes near the Sava in Novi Zagreb, surrounded by a partly forested park. The location had been used prior to the 1970s, but then went to neglect until 2006 when it was renovated.

Some of the most notable sport clubs in Zagreb are: GNK Dinamo Zagreb, KHL Medveščak Zagreb, RK Zagreb, KK Cibona, KK Zagreb, KK Cedevita, NK Zagreb, HAVK Mladost and others. The city hosted the 2016 Davis Cup World Group final between Croatia and Argentina.

Religion

The Archdiocese of Zagreb is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Croatia, serving as its religious center. The Archbishop is Josip Cardinal Bozanić. The Catholic Church is the largest religious organisation in Zagreb, Catholicism being the predominant religion of Croatia, with over 1.1 million adherents. Zagreb is also the Episcopal see of the Metropolitanate of Zagreb and Ljubljana of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Islamic religious organization of Croatia has the see in Zagreb. President is Mufti Aziz Hasanović. There used to be a mosque in the Meštrović Pavilion during World War II at the Square of the Victims of Fascism, but it was relocated to the neighborhood of Borovje in Peščenica. Mainstream Protestant churches have also been present in Zagreb – Evangelical (Lutheran) Church and Reformed Christian (Calvinist) Church. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is also present in the Zagreb neighborhood of Jarun whereas Jehovah's Witnesses have their headquarters in Central Zagreb. In total there are around 40 non-Catholic religious organizations and denominations in Zagreb with their headquarters and places of worship across the city making it a large and diverse multicultural community. There is also significant Jewish history through the Holocaust.

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(December 2020)

Important branches of industry are: production of electrical machines and devices, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, food and drink processing. Zagreb is an international trade and business centre, as well as an essential transport hub placed at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Mediterranean and the Southeast Europe. Almost all of the largest Croatian as well as Central European companies and conglomerates such as Agrokor, INA, Hrvatski Telekom have their headquarters in the city.

The only Croatian stock exchange is the Zagreb Stock Exchange (Croatian: Zagrebačka burza), which is located in Eurotower, one of the tallest Croatian skyscrapers.

According to 2008 data, the city of Zagreb has the highest PPP and nominal gross domestic product per capita in Croatia at $32,185 and $27,271 respectively, compared to the Croatian averages of US$18,686 and $15,758.

Westgate Mall is Croatia's largest shopping mall

As of May 2015, the average monthly net salary in Zagreb was 6,669 kuna, about 870 (Croatian average is 5,679 kuna, about €740). At the end of 2012, the average unemployment rate in Zagreb was around 9.5%. 34% of companies in Croatia have headquarters in Zagreb, and 38.4% of the Croatian workforce works in Zagreb, including almost all banks, utility and public transport companies.

Companies in Zagreb create 52% of total turnover and 60% of total profit of Croatia in 2006 as well as 35% of Croatian export and 57% of Croatian import.

Transport

Main article: Transport in Zagreb

Highways

Further information: Highways in Croatia

Zagreb is the hub of five major Croatian highways.

The highway A6 was upgraded in October 2008 and leads from Zagreb to Rijeka, and forming a part of the Pan-European Corridor Vb. The upgrade coincided with the opening of the bridge over the Mura river on the A4 and the completion of the Hungarian M7, which marked the opening of the first freeway corridor between Rijeka and Budapest. The A1 starts at the Lučko interchange and concurs with the A6 up to the Bosiljevo 2 interchange, connecting Zagreb and Split (As of October 2008[update] Vrgorac). A further extension of the A1 up to Dubrovnik is under construction[needs update]. Both highways are tolled by the Croatian highway authorities Hrvatske autoceste and Autocesta Rijeka - Zagreb.[citation needed]

Highway A3 (formerly named Bratstvo i jedinstvo) was the showpiece of Croatia in the SFRY. It is the oldest Croatian highway. A3 forms a part of the Pan-European Corridor X. The highway starts at the Bregana border crossing, bypasses Zagreb forming the southern arch of the Zagreb bypass, and ends at Lipovac near the Bajakovo border crossing. It continues in Southeast Europe in the direction of Near East. This highway is tolled except for the stretch between Bobovica and Ivanja Reka interchanges.

Highway A2 is a part of the Corridor Xa. It connects Zagreb and the frequently congested Macelj border crossing, forming a near-continuous motorway-level link between Zagreb and Western Europe. Forming a part of the Corridor Vb, highway A4 starts in Zagreb forming the northeastern wing of the Zagreb bypass and leads to Hungary until the Goričan border crossing. It is often used highway around Zagreb.

The railway and the highway A3 along the Sava river that extend to Slavonia (towards Slavonski Brod, Vinkovci, Osijek and Vukovar) are some of the busiest traffic corridors in the country. The railway running along the Sutla river and the A2 highway (Zagreb-Macelj) running through Zagorje, as well as traffic connections with the Pannonian region and Hungary (the Zagorje railroad, the roads and railway to VaraždinČakovec and Koprivnica) are linked with truck routes. The southern railway connection to Split operates on a high-speed tilting trains line via the Lika region (renovated in 2004 to allow for a five-hour journey); a faster line along the Una river valley is in use only up to the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Roads

Part of the Zagreb bypass, Lučko interchange is the Zagreb's gateway to the Adriatic coast

The city has an extensive avenue network with numerous main arteries up to ten lanes wide and Zagreb bypass, a congested four-lane highway encircling most of the city. Finding a parking space is supposed to be made somewhat easier by the construction of new underground multi-story parking lots (Importanne Center, Importanne Gallery, Lang Square, Tuškanac, Kvaternik Square, Klaić Street, etc.). The busiest roads are the main east–west arteries, former Highway "Brotherhood and Unity", consisting of Ljubljanska Avenue, Zagrebačka Avenue and Slavonska Avenue; and the Vukovarska Avenue, the closest bypass of the city center. The avenues were supposed to alleviate the traffic problem, but most of them are nowadays gridlocked during rush hour and others, like Branimirova Avenue and Dubrovnik Avenue which are gridlocked for the whole day. European routes E59, E65 and E70 serve Zagreb.

Bridges

Zagreb has seven road traffic bridges across the river Sava, and they all span both the river and the levees, making them all by and large longer than 200 m (660 ft). In downstream order, these are:

Name (English) Name (Croatian) Year Finished Type of bridge Road that goes over Other Information
Podsused Bridge Podsusedski most 1982 Two-lane road bridge with a commuter train line (not yet completed) Samoborska Road Connects Zagreb to its close suburbs by a road to Samobor, the fastest route to Bestovje, Sveta Nedelja, and Strmec.
Jankomir Bridge Jankomirski most 1958, 2006 (upgrade) Four lane road bridge Ljubljanska Avenue Connects Ljubljanska Avenue to the Jankomir interchange and Zagreb bypass.
Adriatic Bridge Jadranski most 1981 Six lane road bridge (also carries tram tracks) Adriatic Avenue The most famous bridge in Zagreb. The bridge spans from Savska Street in the north to the Remetinec Roundabout in the south.
Sava Bridge Savski most 1938 Pedestrian since the construction of the Adriatic Bridge Savska Road The official name at the time of building was New Sava bridge, but it is the oldest still standing bridge over Sava. The bridge is known among experts due to some construction details.
Liberty Bridge Most slobode 1959 Four lane road bridge Većeslav Holjevac Avenue It used to hold a pair of bus lanes, but due to the increasing individual traffic and better tram connections across the river, those were converted to normal lanes.
Youth Bridge Most mladosti 1974 Six lane road bridge (also carries tram tracks) Marin Držić Avenue Connects eastern Novi Zagreb to the districts of Trnje, Peščenica, Donja Dubrava and Maksimir.
Homeland Bridge Domovinski most 2007 Four-lane road bridge (also carries two bicycle and two pedestrian lanes; has space reserved for light railroad tracks) Radnička (Workers') Road This bridge is the last bridge built on the Sava river to date; it links Peščenica via Radnička street to the Zagreb bypass at Kosnica. It is planned to continue towards Zagreb Airport at Pleso and Velika Gorica, and on to state road D31 going to the south.

There are also two rail traffic bridges across the Sava, one near the Sava bridge and one near Mičevec, as well as two bridges that are part of the Zagreb bypass, one near Zaprešić (west), and the other near Ivanja Reka (east).

Two additional bridges across the river Sava are proposed: Jarun Bridge and Bundek Bridge.

Public transportation

Public transportation in the city is organized in several layers: the inner parts of the city are mostly covered by trams, the outer city areas, and closer suburbs are linked with buses and rapid transit commuter rail.

The public transportation company ZET (Zagrebački električni tramvaj, Zagreb Electric Tram) operates trams, all inner bus lines, and most of the suburban bus lines, and it is subsidized by the city council.

The national rail operator Croatian Railways (Hrvatske željeznice, HŽ) runs a network of urban and suburban train lines in the metropolitan Zagreb area and is a government-owned corporation.

The funicular (uspinjača) in the historic part of the city is a tourist attraction.

ZET tram and city bus
Newest model of the Zagreb city trains system

Taxi market has been liberalized in early 2018 and numerous transport companies have been allowed to enter the market; consequently, the prices significantly dropped whereas the service was immensely improved so the popularity of taxis in Zagreb has been increasing from then onwards.

Tram network
Main article: Trams in Zagreb

Zagreb has an extensive tram network with 15 day and 4 night lines covering much of the inner- and middle-suburbs of the city. The first tram line was opened on 5 September 1891 and trams have been serving as a vital component of Zagreb mass transit ever since. Trams usually travel at speeds of 30–50 kilometres per hour (19–31 miles per hour), but slow considerably during rush hour. The network operates at the curb whereas on larger avenues its tracks are situated inside the green belts.

An ambitious program, which entailed replacing old trams with the new and modern ones built mostly in Zagreb by companies Končar elektroindustrija and, to a lesser extent, by TŽV Gredelj, has recently been finished. The new "TMK 2200", trams by the end of 2012 made around 95% of the fleet.

Suburban rail network
Main article: Zagreb Commuter Rail

The commuter rail network in Zagreb has existed since 1992. In 2005, suburban rail services were increased to a 15-minute frequency serving the middle and outer suburbs of Zagreb, primarily in the east–west direction and to the southern districts. This has enhanced the commuting opportunities across the city.

A new link to the nearby town of Samobor has been announced and is due to start construction in 2014. This link will be standard-gauge and tie in with normal Croatian Railways operations. The previous narrow-gauge line to Samobor called Samoborček was closed in the 1970s.

Air traffic

Zagreb Airport (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA) is the main Croatian international airport, a 17 km (11 mi) drive southeast of Zagreb in the city of Velika Gorica. The airport is also the main Croatian airbase featuring a fighter squadron, helicopters, as well as military and freight transport aircraft. The airport had 2,77 million passengers in 2016 with a new passenger terminal being opened in late March 2017 that can accommodate up to 5,5 million passengers.

Zagreb also has a second, smaller airport, Lučko (ICAO: LDZL). It is home to sports aeroplanes and a Croatian special police unit, as well as being a military helicopter airbase. Lučko used to be the main airport of Zagreb from 1947 to 1959.

A third, small grass airfield, Buševec, is located just outside Velika Gorica. It is primarily used for sports purposes.

Further information: List of high schools in Zagreb

Zagreb has 136 primary schools and 100 secondary schools including 30 gymnasia. There are 5 public higher education institution and 9 private professional higher education schools.

University

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(December 2020)
Main article: University of Zagreb
Further information: List of universities in Croatia

Founded in 1669, the University of Zagreb is the oldest continuously operating university in Croatia and one of the largest and oldest universities in the Southeastern Europe. Ever since its foundation, the university has been continually growing and developing and now consists of 29 faculties, three art academies and the Croatian Studies Centre. More than 200,000 students have attained the Bachelor's degree at the university, which has also assigned 18,000 Master's and 8,000 Doctor's degrees. As of 2011[update], the University of Zagreb is ranked among 500 Best Universities of the world by the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities.

Zagreb is also the seat of two private universities: the Catholic University of Croatia and the Libertas International University; as well as numerous public and private polytechnics, colleges, and higher professional schools.[which?]

Footnotes

  1. from the household census
  2. population census without clergy and nobility
  1. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

Citations

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Bibliography

Zagrebat Wikipedia's sister projects
Preceded by
Rotterdam, Netherlands (1953)
World Gymnaestrada host city
1957
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Kobe, Japan (1985)
Universiade host city
1987
Succeeded by

Zagreb
Zagreb Language Watch Edit This article is about the Croatian capital city For other uses see Zagreb disambiguation Zagreb ˈ z ɑː ɡ r ɛ b ˈ z ae ɡ r ɛ b z ɑː ˈ ɡ r ɛ b ZAH greb ZAG reb zah GREB 8 Croatian zǎːɡreb listen 9 is the capital and largest city of Croatia 10 It is in the northwest of the country along the Sava river at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m 400 ft above sea level 11 The estimated population of the city in 2018 was 804 507 6 The population of the Zagreb urban agglomeration is 1 153 255 2 approximately a quarter of the total population of Croatia ZagrebCapital cityGrad Zagreb City of ZagrebClockwise from top Ban Jelacic Square St Mark s Square Cibona amp HOTO towers Art Pavilion Church Of Christ The King Mirogoj and Croatian National Theatre FlagCoat of armsZagrebLocation of Zagreb in CroatiaShow map of CroatiaZagrebZagreb Europe Show map of EuropeCoordinates 45 49 N 15 59 E 45 817 N 15 983 E 45 817 15 983 Coordinates 45 49 N 15 59 E 45 817 N 15 983 E 45 817 15 983CountryCroatiaCountyCity of ZagrebRC diocese1094Free royal city1242Unified1850Subdivisions17 city districts 218 local committees 70 settlementsGovernment TypeMayor Council MayorTomislav Tomasevic Mozemo City Assembly47 members Green Left 23 HDZ 6 DP 5 BM365 5 SDP 5 Most 3 Area 1 City641 km2 247 sq mi Urban202 4 km2 78 1 sq mi Metro 2 2 911 km2 1 124 sq mi Elevation 3 158 m 518 ft Highest elevation1 035 m 3 396 ft Lowest elevation122 m 400 ft Population 2011 census 4 5 City790 017 Estimate 2018 6 807 254 Metro 2 1 153 255 Metro density400 km2 1 000 sq mi Demonym s Zagreber en Zagrepcanin hr male Zagrepcanka hr female Purger informal jargon Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal codeHR 10 000 HR 10 010 HR 10 020 HR 10 040 HR 10 090Area code 385 1Vehicle registrationZGGDP PPP 2017 Total 38 9 billion 29 7 billion Per capita 44 433 38 237HDI 2019 0 908 7 very highWebsitezagreb wbr hr Zagreb is a city with a rich history dating from Roman times The oldest settlement in the vicinity of the city was the Roman Andautonia in today s Scitarjevo 12 The name Zagreb is recorded in 1134 in reference to the foundation of the settlement at Kaptol in 1094 Zagreb became a free royal city in 1242 13 In 1851 Zagreb had its first mayor 14 Janko Kamauf Zagreb has special status as a Croatian administrative division and is a consolidated city county but separated from Zagreb County 15 and is administratively subdivided into 17 city districts 16 Most of them are at a low elevation along the river Sava valley whereas northern and northeastern city districts such as Podsljeme 17 and Sesvete 18 districts are situated in the foothills of the Medvednica mountain 19 making the city s geographical image rather diverse The city extends over 30 kilometres 19 miles east west and around 20 kilometres 12 miles north south 20 21 Zagreb is considered a global city with a Beta rating from the Globalization and World Cities Research Network 22 The transport connections concentration of industry scientific and research institutions and industrial tradition underlie its leading economic position in Croatia 23 24 25 Zagreb is the seat of the central government administrative bodies and almost all government ministries 26 27 28 Almost all of the largest Croatian companies media and scientific institutions have their headquarters in the city Zagreb is the most important transport hub in Croatia where Central Europe the Mediterranean and Southeast Europe meet making the Zagreb area the centre of the road rail and air networks of Croatia It is a city known for its diverse economy high quality of living museums sporting and entertainment events Its main branches of economy are high tech industries and the service sector Contents 1 Name 2 History 2 1 Early Zagreb 2 2 16th to 18th centuries 2 3 19th to mid 20th century 2 4 Modern Zagreb 2 5 Area and population development 3 Geography 3 1 Climate 3 2 Cityscape 3 3 Surroundings 4 Demographics 4 1 City districts 4 2 Settlements 5 Government and politics 5 1 Administration 5 2 International relations 5 2 1 Twin towns sister cities 5 2 2 Partner cities 6 Culture 6 1 Tourism 6 1 1 Souvenirs and gastronomy 6 2 Museums 6 3 Events 6 4 Performing arts 6 5 Recreation and sports 6 6 Religion 7 Economy and infrastructure 7 1 Transport 7 1 1 Highways 7 1 2 Roads 7 1 2 1 Bridges 7 1 3 Public transportation 7 1 3 1 Tram network 7 1 3 2 Suburban rail network 7 1 4 Air traffic 8 Education 8 1 University 9 References 9 1 Footnotes 9 2 Citations 9 3 Bibliography 10 External linksName Edit Kaptol 1686 The etymology of the name Zagreb is unclear It was used for the united city only from 1852 but it had been in use as the name of the Zagreb Diocese since the 12th century and was increasingly used for the city in the 17th century 29 The name is first recorded in a charter by archbishop of Esztergom Felician dated 1134 mentioned as Zagrabiensem episcopatum 30 The older form of the name is Zagrab The modern Croatian form Zagreb is first recorded in a 1689 map by Nicolas Sanson An even older form is reflected in Hungarian Zabrag recorded from c 1200 and in use until the 18th century For this Hungarian linguist Gyula Decsy proposes the etymology of Chabrag a well attested hypocorism of the name Cyprian The same form is reflected in a number of Hungarian toponyms such as Csepreg 31 The name might be derived from Proto Slavic word greb which means hill uplift However note Serbo Croatian brȇg lt Proto Slavic berg which also means smaller hill and za brȇg to or toward the hill for the seemingly metathesized variant in Hungarian Zabrag possibly modified from assumed Zabreg because of Hungarian vowel harmony An Old Croatian reconstructed name Zagreb is manifested through the German name of the city Agram 32 The name Agram was used in German in the Habsburg period this name has been classified as probably of Roman origin 33 but according to Decsy 1990 it could be an Austrian German reanalysis of Zugram 31 In Middle Latin and Modern Latin Zagreb is known as Agranum the name of an unrelated Arabian city in Strabo Zagrabia or Mons Graecensis also Mons Crecensis in reference to Gric Gradec Sculpture symbolizing the Croatia Slavonia Zagreb In Croatian folk etymology the name of the city has been derived from either the verb za grab meaning to scoop or to dig One folk legend illustrating this derivation ties the name to a drought of the early 14th century during which Augustin Kazotic c 1260 1323 is said to have dug a well which miraculously produced water 34 In another legend 35 36 37 38 39 a city governor is thirsty and orders a girl named Manda to scoop water from the Mandusevac well nowadays a fountain in Ban Jelacic Square using the imperative Zagrabi Mando Scoop Manda 40 History EditMain articles History of Zagreb and Timeline of Zagreb The oldest settlement located near today s Zagreb was a Roman town of Andautonia now Scitarjevo which existed between the 1st and the 5th century AD 41 The first recorded appearance of the name Zagreb is dated to 1094 at which time the city existed as two different city centers the smaller eastern Kaptol inhabited mainly by clergy and housing Zagreb Cathedral and the larger western Gradec inhabited mainly by craftsmen and merchants Gradec and Kaptol were united in 1851 by ban Josip Jelacic who was credited for this with the naming the main city square Ban Jelacic Square in his honor 42 Zagreb Cathedral end of 19th century During the period of former Yugoslavia Zagreb remained an important economic centre of the country and was the second largest city After Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia Zagreb was proclaimed its capital 43 Early Zagreb Edit The history of Zagreb dates as far back as 1094 A D when the Hungarian King Ladislaus returning from his campaign against Croatia founded a diocese Alongside the bishop s see the canonical settlement Kaptol developed north of Zagreb Cathedral as did the fortified settlement Gradec on the neighbouring hill the border between the two being the Medvescak stream 44 Today the latter is Zagreb s Upper Town Gornji Grad and is one of the best preserved urban nuclei in Croatia Both settlements came under Tatar attack in 1242 45 As a sign of gratitude for offering him a safe haven from the Tatars the Croatian and Hungarian King Bela IV bestowed Gradec with a Golden Bull which offered its citizens exemption from county rule and autonomy as well as its own judicial system 46 47 16th to 18th centuries Edit There were numerous connections between the Kaptol diocese and the free sovereign town of Gradec for both economic and political reasons but they weren t known as an integrated city even as Zagreb became the political center and representing both Croatia Slavonia and Dalmatia first convened at Gradec Zagreb became Croatian Capitol in 1557 with city also being chosen as the seat of the Ban of Croatia in 1621 under ban Nikola IX Frankopan 48 Starcevic square first half of the 20th century At the invitation of the Croatian Parliament the Jesuits came to Zagreb and built the first grammar school the St Catherine s Church and monastery In 1669 they founded an academy where philosophy theology and law were taught the forerunner of today s University of Zagreb During the 17th and 18th centuries Zagreb was badly devastated by fire and the plague In 1776 the royal council government moved from Varazdin to Zagreb and during the reign of Joseph II Zagreb became the headquarters of the Varazdin and Karlovac general command 49 19th to mid 20th century Edit In the 19th century Zagreb was the center of the Croatian National Revival and saw the erection of important cultural and historic institutions In 1850 the town was united under its first mayor Janko Kamauf 49 The first railway line to connect Zagreb with Zidani Most and Sisak was opened in 1862 and in 1863 Zagreb received a gasworks The Zagreb waterworks was opened in 1878 Ban Jelacic Square before 1900 After the 1880 Zagreb earthquake up to the 1914 outbreak of World War I development flourished and the town received the characteristic layout which it has today The first horse drawn tram was used in 1891 The construction of the railway lines enabled the old suburbs to merge gradually into Donji Grad characterized by a regular block pattern that prevails in Central European cities This bustling core hosts many imposing buildings monuments and parks as well as a multitude of museums theatres and cinemas An electric power plant was built in 1907 Since 1 January 1877 the Gric cannon is fired daily from the Lotrscak Tower on Gric to mark midday The first half of the 20th century saw a considerable expansion of Zagreb Before World War I the city expanded and neighborhoods like Stara Pescenica in the east and Crnomerec in the west were created After the war working class districts such as Trnje emerged between the railway and the Sava whereas the construction of residential districts on the hills of the southern slopes of Medvednica was completed between the two World Wars Ruins after the bombing of Zagreb in 1944 In the 1920s the population of Zagreb increased by 70 percent the largest demographic boom in the history of the town In 1926 the first radio station in the region began broadcasting from Zagreb and in 1947 the Zagreb Fair was opened 49 During World War II Zagreb became the capital of the Independent State of Croatia which was backed by Nazi Germany and the Italians The history of Zagreb in World War II became rife with incidents of regime terror and resistance sabotage and the Ustasa regime had thousands of people executed during the war in and near the city The city was taken by the Partisans at the end of the war From 1945 until 1990 Zagreb was the capital of the Socialist Republic of Croatia one of the six constituent socialist republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Modern Zagreb Edit Panoramic view of Upper Town Gradec The area between the railway and the Sava river witnessed a new construction boom after World War II After the mid 1950s construction of new residential areas south of the Sava river began resulting in Novi Zagreb Croatian for New Zagreb originally called Juzni Zagreb Southern Zagreb 50 Today Novi Zagreb is divided in two city districts Novi Zagreb zapad New Zagreb West and Novi Zagreb istok New Zagreb East The city also expanded westward and eastward incorporating Dubrava Podsused Jarun Blato and other settlements The cargo railway hub and the international airport Pleso were built south of the Sava river The largest industrial zone Zitnjak in the south eastern part of the city represents an extension of the industrial zones on the eastern outskirts of the city between the Sava and the Prigorje region Zagreb also hosted the Summer Universiade in 1987 49 This event initiated the creation of pedestrian only zones in the city centre and numerous new sport infrastructure lacking until then all around the city During the 1991 1995 Croatian War of Independence it was a scene of some sporadic fighting surrounding its JNA army barracks but escaped major damage In May 1995 it was targeted by Serb rocket artillery in two rocket attacks which killed seven civilians and wounded many An urbanized area connects Zagreb with the surrounding towns of Zapresic Samobor Dugo Selo and Velika Gorica Sesvete was the first and the closest area to become a part of the agglomeration and is already included in the City of Zagreb for administrative purposes and now forms the easternmost city district 51 Upper Town Gornji Grad aerial view Aerial view of Donji grad Lower Town In 2020 the city was hit by a 5 5 magnitude earthquake Various buildings in the historic downtown area were damaged The city s iconic cathedral lost the cross off of one of its towers This earthquake was the strongest one to affect the city since the destructive 1880 Zagreb earthquake Area and population development Edit Year Area km2 Population within city limits at that time Population within today s city limits 1368 2 810 nb 1 1742 3 33 5 600 nb 1 1805 3 33 7 706 nb 2 11 000 in total 1848 25 4 15 9781850 25 4 16 0361857 25 4 16 657 48 2661869 25 4 19 857 54 7611880 25 4 30 830 67 1881890 25 4 40 268 82 8481900 64 37 61 002 111 5651910 64 37 79 038 136 3511921 64 37 108 674 167 7651931 64 37 185 581 258 0241948 74 99 279 623 356 5291953 235 74 350 829 393 9191961 495 60 430 802 478 0761971 497 95 602 205 629 8961981 1 261 54 768 700 723 0651991 1 715 55 933 914 777 8262001 641 36 779 145 779 1452011 641 36 790 017 790 017The data in column 3 refers to the population in the city borders as of the census in question Column 4 is calculated for the territory now defined as the City of Zagreb Narodne Novine 97 10 52 Geography EditClimate Edit Ban Jelacic Square King Tomislav Square The climate of Zagreb is classified as an oceanic climate Koppen climate classification Cfb but with significant continental influences and very closely bordering on a humid continental climate Dfb as well as a humid subtropical climate Cfa Zagreb has four separate seasons Summers are generally warm sometimes hot In late May it gets significantly warmer temperatures start rising and it is often very warm or even hot with frequent afternoon and evening thunderstorms Heatwaves can occur but are short lived Temperatures rise above 30 C 86 F on an average 14 6 days each summer Rainfall is abundant in the summertime and it continues to be in autumn as well With 840 mm of precipitation per year Zagreb is Europe s ninth wettest capital receiving less precipitation than Luxembourg but more than Brussels Paris or London Autumn in its early stage often brings pleasant and sunny weather with occasional episodes of rain later in the season Late autumn is characterized by an increase in rainy days as well as by steadily declining temperature averages Morning fog is common from mid October to January with northern city districts at the foothills of the Medvednica mountain as well as the districts along the Sava river being more prone to all day fog accumulation Winters are relatively cold with a precipitation decrease pattern February is the driest month averaging 39 mm of precipitation On average there are 29 days with snowfall with the first snow usually falling in early December However in recent years the number of days with snowfall has decreased sharply Springs are generally mild and very pleasant with frequent weather changes and are windier than other seasons Sometimes cold spells can occur mostly in their early stages The average daily mean temperature in the winter is around 1 C 34 F from December to February and the average temperature in the summer is 22 0 C 71 6 F 53 The highest recorded temperature at the Maksimir weather station was 40 4 C 104 7 F in July 1950 and lowest was 27 3 C 17 1 F in February 1956 54 A temperature of 30 5 C 22 9 F was recorded on the since defunct Borongaj Airfield in February 1940 55 Climate data for Zagreb Maksimir 1971 2000 extremes 1949 2019 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 19 4 66 9 22 6 72 7 26 0 78 8 30 5 86 9 33 7 92 7 37 6 99 7 40 4 104 7 39 8 103 6 34 0 93 2 28 3 82 9 25 4 77 7 22 5 72 5 40 4 104 7 Average high C F 3 7 38 7 6 8 44 2 11 9 53 4 16 3 61 3 21 5 70 7 24 5 76 1 26 7 80 1 26 3 79 3 22 1 71 8 15 8 60 4 8 9 48 0 4 6 40 3 15 8 60 4 Daily mean C F 0 3 32 5 2 3 36 1 6 4 43 5 10 7 51 3 15 8 60 4 18 8 65 8 20 6 69 1 20 1 68 2 15 9 60 6 10 5 50 9 5 0 41 0 1 4 34 5 10 7 51 3 Average low C F 3 0 26 6 1 8 28 8 1 6 34 9 5 2 41 4 9 8 49 6 13 0 55 4 14 7 58 5 14 4 57 9 10 8 51 4 6 2 43 2 1 4 34 5 1 7 28 9 5 9 42 6 Record low C F 24 3 11 7 27 3 17 1 18 3 0 9 4 4 24 1 1 8 28 8 2 5 36 5 5 4 41 7 3 7 38 7 0 6 30 9 5 6 21 9 13 5 7 7 19 8 3 6 27 5 17 5 Average precipitation mm inches 43 2 1 70 38 9 1 53 52 6 2 07 59 3 2 33 72 6 2 86 95 3 3 75 77 4 3 05 92 3 3 63 85 8 3 38 82 9 3 26 80 1 3 15 59 6 2 35 840 1 33 07 Average precipitation days 0 1 mm 9 8 9 4 11 0 13 0 13 5 13 7 11 2 10 4 10 4 10 9 11 3 11 0 135 6Average snowy days 1 0 cm 10 3 7 1 1 8 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 9 6 7 29 0Average relative humidity 82 5 76 4 70 3 67 5 68 3 69 7 69 1 72 1 77 7 81 3 83 6 84 8 75 3Mean monthly sunshine hours 55 8 98 9 142 6 168 0 229 4 234 0 275 9 257 3 189 0 124 0 63 0 49 6 1 887 5Percent possible sunshine 23 39 43 45 54 55 63 63 54 41 26 23 47Average ultraviolet index 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 1 1 4Source Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service 53 54 and Weather Atlas 56 Climate data for ZagrebMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearMean daily daylight hours 9 0 10 0 12 0 14 0 15 0 16 0 15 0 14 0 13 0 11 0 9 0 9 0 12 3Source Weather Atlas 56 Cityscape Edit St Mark s Square Banski dvori Croatian Government residence St Mark s Church Croatian Parliament Sabor Sava flowing through Zagreb The most important historical high rise constructions are Neboder 1958 on Ban Jelacic Square Cibona Tower 1987 and Zagrepcanka 1976 on Savska Street Mamutica in Travno Novi Zagreb istok district built in 1974 and Zagreb TV Tower on Sljeme built in 1973 57 In the 2000s the City Assembly approved a new plan that allowed for the many recent high rise buildings in Zagreb such as the Almeria Tower Eurotower HOTO Tower Zagrebtower and one of the tallest skyscrapers Sky Office Tower 58 59 In Novi Zagreb the neighbourhoods of Blato and Laniste expanded significantly including the Zagreb Arena and the adjoining business centre 60 Due to a long standing restriction that forbade the construction of 10 story or higher buildings most of Zagreb s high rise buildings date from the 1970s and 1980s and new apartment buildings on the outskirts of the city are usually 4 8 floors tall Exceptions to the restriction have been made in recent years such as permitting the construction of high rise buildings in Laniste or Kajzerica 61 Surroundings Edit Further information Zagreb County Prigorje Hrvatsko Zagorje and Turopolje Altar of the Homeland Medvedgrad fortress The wider Zagreb area has been continuously inhabited since the prehistoric period as witnessed by archaeological findings in the Veternica cave from the Paleolithic and excavation of the remains of the Roman Andautonia near the present village of Scitarjevo Picturesque former villages on the slopes of Medvednica Sestine Gracani and Remete maintain their rich traditions including folk costumes Sestine umbrellas and gingerbread products To the north is the Medvednica Mountain Croatian Zagrebacka gora with its highest peak Sljeme 1 035 m where one of the tallest structures in Croatia Zagreb TV Tower is located The Sava and the Kupa valleys are to the south of Zagreb and the region of Hrvatsko Zagorje is located on the other northern side of the Medvednica hill In mid January 2005 Sljeme held its first World Ski Championship tournament From the summit weather permitting the vista reaches as far as Velebit Range along Croatia s rocky northern coast as well as the snow capped peaks of the towering Julian Alps in neighboring Slovenia There are several lodging villages offering accommodation and restaurants for hikers Skiers visit Sljeme which has four ski runs three ski lifts and a chairlift The old Medvedgrad a recently restored medieval burg was built in the 13th century on Medvednica hill It overlooks the western part of the city and also hosts the Shrine of the Homeland a memorial with an eternal flame where Croatia pays reverence to all its heroes fallen for homeland in its history customarily on national holidays The ruined medieval fortress Susedgrad is located on the far western side of Medvednica hill It has been abandoned since the early 17th century but it is visited during the year Zagreb occasionally experiences earthquakes due to the proximity of Zumberak Medvednica fault zone 62 It s classified as an area of high seismic activity 63 The area around Medvednica was the epicentre of the 1880 Zagreb earthquake magnitude 6 3 and the area is known for occasional landslide threatening houses in the area 64 The proximity of strong seismic sources presents a real danger of strong earthquakes 64 Croatian Chief of Office of Emergency Management Pavle Kalinic stated Zagreb experiences around 400 earthquakes a year most of them being imperceptible However in case of a strong earthquake it s expected that 3 000 people would die and up to 15 000 would be wounded 65 Demographics EditMain article Demographics of Zagreb View of the Church of St Mark and the Greek Catholic Cathedral left Zagreb is by far the largest city in Croatia in terms of area and population The official 2011 census counted 790 017 residents 66 67 although due to a substantial immigrant influx the number of people residing in the city is much higher Zagreb metropolitan area population is slightly above 1 1 million inhabitants 68 as it includes the Zagreb County 69 Zagreb metropolitan area makes approximately a quarter of a total population of Croatia In 1997 the City of Zagreb itself was given special County status separating it from Zagreb County 70 although it remains the administrative centre of both The majority of its citizens are Croats making up 93 of the city s population 2011 census The same census records around 55 000 residents belonging to ethnic minorities 17 526 Serbs 2 22 8 119 Bosniaks 1 03 4 292 Albanians 0 54 2 755 Romani 0 35 2 132 Slovenes 0 27 1 194 Macedonians 0 15 1 191 Montenegrins 0 15 and a number of other smaller communities 71 City districts Edit Main article Districts of Zagreb Since 14 December 1999 City of Zagreb is divided into 17 city districts gradska cetvrt pl gradske cetvrti View to the east of Spansko south Rudes and Zagrebacka Avenue and to the southeast of Precko and Vrbani District Area km2 Population 2011 5 Population density 2011 Population 2001 72 Population density 2001 1 Donji Grad 3 01 37 024 12 333 2 45 108 14 956 22 Gornji Grad Medvescak 10 12 30 962 3 090 8 36 384 3 593 53 Trnje 7 37 42 282 5 715 9 45 267 6 146 24 Maksimir 14 35 48 902 3 445 8 49 750 3 467 15 Pescenica Zitnjak 35 30 56 487 1 599 0 58 283 1 651 36 Novi Zagreb istok 16 54 59 055 3 580 8 65 301 3 947 17 Novi Zagreb zapad 62 59 58 103 927 1 48 981 782 58 Tresnjevka sjever 5 83 55 425 9 492 6 55 358 9 498 69 Tresnjevka jug 9 84 66 674 6 767 8 67 162 6 828 110 C Crnomerec 24 33 38 546 1 604 6 38 762 1 593 411 Gornja Dubrava 40 28 61 841 1 544 7 61 388 1 524 112 Donja Dubrava 10 82 36 363 3 369 8 35 944 3 321 113 Stenjevec 12 18 51 390 4 256 9 41 257 3 387 314 Podsused Vrapce 36 05 45 759 1 269 6 42 360 1 175 115 Podsljeme 60 11 19 165 320 2 17 744 295 216 Sesvete 165 26 70 009 427 4 59 212 358 317 Brezovica 127 45 12 030 94 4 10 884 85 4TOTAL 641 43 790 017 1 236 1 779 145 1 214 9Largest groups of foreign residents 73 Since 2011 Census number of foreign nationals have moved to City significant number of EU nationals due to EU enlargement with Spanish German French and Italian nationals coming to settle in the city A number of South Koreans have also settled in the city due to popularity of Croatia in South Korea Chinese nationals have also increasingly settled in the city with at least 1400 Chinese nationals registered as residents in Zagreb Although numbers are still relatively small when compared to similar sized EU cities Nationality Population 2011 Serbia 17 526Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 119Albania 4 292Slovenia 2 132Macedonia 1 194Montenegro 1 191Czech Republic 835Hungary 825Italy 399Germany 364Ukraine 332Russia 331 Districts of Zagreb City districts are subdivided in 218 local committees as primary units of local self government 74 Settlements Edit Zagreb Cathedral The defensive walls and towers around Kaptol were built between 1469 and 1473 Basilica of the Heart of Jesus Inside of St Catherine s Church Church of Saint Blaise Stone Gate is the eastern gate to medieval town and Zagreb s most important shrine built between 1242 and 1266 Croatian Railways palace Esplanade Zagreb Hotel Croatian Nobles Square Maksimir Park opened in 1794 it is the oldest public park in Zagreb and region The city itself is not the only standalone settlement in the City of Zagreb administrative area there are a number of larger urban settlements like Sesvete and Lucko and a number of smaller villages attached to it whose population is tracked separately 4 There are 70 settlements in the City of Zagreb administrative area Adamovec population 975 Belovar population 378 Blagusa population 594 Botinec population 9 Brebernica population 49 Brezovica population 594 Budenec population 323 Buzin population 1 055 Cerje population 398 Demerje population 721 Desprim population 377 Dobrodol population 1 203 Donji Cehi population 232 Donji Dragonozec population 577 Donji Trpuci population 428 Drencec population 131 Dreznik Brezovicki population 656 Dumovec population 903 Đurđekovec population 778 Gajec population 311 Glavnica Donja population 544 Glavnica Gornja population 226 Glavnicica population 229 Goli Breg population 406 Goranec population 449 Gornji Cehi population 363 Gornji Dragonozec population 295 Gornji Trpuci population 87 Grancari population 221 Havidic Selo population 53 Horvati population 1 490 Hrasce Turopoljsko population 1 202 Hrvatski Leskovac population 2 687 Hudi Bitek population 441 Ivanja Reka population 1 800 Jesenovec population 460 Jezdovec population 1 728 Kasina population 1 548 Kasinska Sopnica population 245 Kucilovina population 219 Kucanec population 228 Kupinecki Kraljevec population 1 957 Lipnica population 207 Lucko population 3 010 Luzan population 719 Mala Mlaka population 636 Markovo Polje population 425 Moravce population 663 Odra population 1 866 Odranski Obrez population 1 578 Paruzevina population 632 Planina Donja population 554 Planina Gornja population 247 Popovec population 937 Prekvrsje population 809 Prepustovec population 332 Sesvete population 54 085 Soblinec population 978 Starjak population 227 Strmec population 645 Sasinovec population 678 Simuncevec population 271 Veliko Polje population 1 668 Vuger Selo population 273 Vugrovec Donji population 442 Vugrovec Gornji population 357 Vurnovec population 201 Zadvorsko population 1 288 Zagreb population 688 163 Zerjavinec population 556Government and politics EditSee also List of mayors of Zagreb and Zagreb Assembly Aerial photo of Dugave Travno and Slobostina quarters of Novi Zagreb Mamutica in East Novi Zagreb city district Travno local committee area an apartment complex built in 1974 as the Croatian version of the plattenbau largest building by volume in Zagreb and in Croatia The current mayor of Zagreb is Tomislav Tomasevic We can elected in the 2021 Zagreb local elections the second round of which was held on 30 May 2021 There are two deputy mayors elected from the same list Danijela Dolenec and Luka Korlaet The Zagreb Assembly is composed of 51 representatives elected in the 2021 Zagreb local elections The political groups represented in the Assembly as of June 2021 75 Groups No of members per group2021Green Left 23 47HDZ 6 47DP 5 47BM365 5 47SDP 5 47Most 3 47Source 76 77 Administration Edit This section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Zagreb news newspapers books scholar JSTOR April 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message The old town hall today the building of the Zagreb City Assembly Kockica headquarters of Ministry of Maritime Affairs Transport and Infrastructure and Ministry of Tourism of Croatia According to the Constitution the city of Zagreb as the capital of Croatia has a special status As such Zagreb performs self governing public affairs of both city and county It is also the seat of the Zagreb County which encircles Zagreb The city administration bodies are the Zagreb City Assembly Gradska skupstina Grada Zagreba as the representative body and the mayor of Zagreb Gradonacelnik Grada Zagreba who is the executive head of the city The City Assembly is the representative body of the citizens of the City of Zagreb elected for a four year term on the basis of universal suffrage in direct elections by secret ballot using proportional system with d Hondt method in a manner specified by law There are 51 representatives in the City Assembly among them the president and vice presidents of the assembly are elected by the representatives Prior to 2009 the mayor was elected by the City Assembly It was changed to direct elections by majoritarian vote two round system in 2009 The mayor is the head of the city administration and has two deputies directly elected together with him her Saint George and the Dragon Monument Monument of Ante Starcevic Croatian politician and writer commonly called Father of the Nation The term of office of the mayor and his her deputies is four years The mayor with the deputies may be recalled by a referendum according to the law not less than 20 of all electors in the City of Zagreb or not less than two thirds of the Zagreb Assembly city deputies have the right to initiate a city referendum regarding recalling of the mayor when a majority of voters taking part in the referendum vote in favor of the recall provided that majority includes not less than one third of all persons entitled to vote in the City of Zagreb i e of persons in the City of Zagreb electoral register the mayor s mandate shall be deemed revoked and special mayoral by elections shall be held In the City of Zagreb the mayor is also responsible for the state administration due to the special status of Zagreb as a city with county rights there isn t a State Administration Office which in all counties performs tasks of the central government City administration offices institutions and services 18 city offices 1 public institute or bureau and 2 city services have been founded for performing activities within the self administrative sphere and activities entrusted by the state administration The city administrative bodies are managed by the principals appointed by the mayor for a four year term of office may be appointed again to the same duty The City Assembly Professional Service is managed by the secretary of the City Assembly appointed by the Assembly Local government is organised in 17 city districts represented by City District Councils Residents of districts elect members of councils 78 International relations Edit See also List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia Twin towns sister cities Edit Zagreb is twinned with the following towns and cities 79 80 81 The Strossmayer Promenade walkway built on top of the city walls Zagreb Zoo Pavillon in Zagreb Botanical Garden Bologna Italy since 1963 Mainz Germany since 1967 Saint Petersburg Russia since 1968 82 Tromso Norway since 1971 Buenos Aires Argentina since 1972 Kyoto Japan since 1972 83 Lisbon Portugal since 1977 84 85 Pittsburgh United States since 1980 Shanghai China since 1980 Budapest Hungary since 1994 86 La Paz Bolivia since 2000 Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2001 87 Ljubljana Slovenia since 2001 88 Podgorica Montenegro since 2006 Tabriz Iran since 2006 89 Ankara Turkey since 2008 90 London United Kingdom since 2009 Skopje North Macedonia since 2011 Warsaw Poland since 2011 91 Pristina Kosovo a since 2012 Nur Sultan Kazakhstan since 2014 92 Rome Italy since 2014 81 Vienna Austria since 2014 81 Petrinja Croatia since 2015 93 Vukovar Croatia since 2016 94 Xiangyang China since 2017 95 Partner cities Edit The city has partnership arrangements with Krakow in Poland since 1975 96 Tirana Albania 97 98 Culture EditTourism Edit This section needs to be updated Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information December 2020 Zagreb Funicular and Lotrscak Tower Zagreb is an important tourist center not only in terms of passengers traveling from the rest of Europe to the Adriatic Sea but also as a travel destination itself Since the end of the war it has attracted close to a million visitors annually mainly from Austria Germany and Italy and in recent years many tourists from far east South Korea Japan China and last two years from India It has become an important tourist destination not only in Croatia but considering the whole region of southeastern Europe There are many interesting sights and happenings for tourists to attend in Zagreb for example the two statues of Saint George one at the Republic of Croatia Square the other at the Stone Gate where the image of Virgin Mary is said to be the only thing that hasn t burned in the 17th century fire Also there is an art installation starting in the Bogoviceva Street called Nine Views Zagreb is also famous for its award winning Christmas market that had been named the one in Europe for three years in a row 2015 2016 2017 by European Best Destinations 99 100 The historical part of the city to the north of Ban Jelacic Square is composed of the Gornji Grad and Kaptol a medieval urban complex of churches palaces museums galleries and government buildings that are popular with tourists on sightseeing tours The historic district can be reached on foot starting from the Ban Jelacic Square the center of Zagreb or by a funicular on nearby Tomiceva Street Each Saturday from April till the end of September on St Mark s Square in the Upper town tourists can meet members of the Order of The Silver Dragon Red Srebrnog Zmaja who reenact famous historical conflicts between Gradec and Kaptol It s a great opportunity for all visitors to take photographs of authentic and fully functional historical replicas of medieval armor In 2010 more than 600 000 101 tourists visited the city with a 10 102 increase seen in 2011 In 2012 a total of 675 707 tourists 103 visited the city A record number of tourists visited Zagreb in 2017 1 286 087 up 16 compared to the year before which generated 2 263 758 overnight stays up 14 8 Souvenirs and gastronomy Edit Tkalciceva Street with many cafes bars and restaurants of local and foreign cuisine Licitar hearts a popular souvenir Numerous shops boutiques store houses and shopping centers offer a variety of quality clothing There are about fourteen big shopping centers in Zagreb Zagreb s offerings include crystal china and ceramics wicker or straw baskets and top quality Croatian wines and gastronomic products Notable Zagreb souvenirs are the tie or cravat an accessory named after Croats who wore characteristic scarves around their necks in the Thirty Years War in the 17th century and the ball point pen a tool developed from the inventions by Slavoljub Eduard Penkala an inventor and a citizen of Zagreb Many Zagreb restaurants offer various specialties of national and international cuisine Domestic products which deserve to be tasted include turkey duck or goose with mlinci a kind of pasta strukli cottage cheese strudel sir i vrhnje cottage cheese with cream kremsnite custard slices in flaky pastry and orehnjaca traditional walnut roll Museums Edit Croatian State Archives Mimara Museum Museum of Arts and Crafts and Academy of Music University of Zagreb right Mestrovic Pavilion Museum of Contemporary Art Zagreb s numerous museums reflect the history art and culture not only of Zagreb and Croatia but also of Europe and the world Around thirty collections in museums and galleries comprise more than 3 6 million various exhibits excluding church and private collections The Archaeological Museum 19 Nikola Subic Zrinski Square collections today consisting of nearly 450 000 varied archaeological artefacts and monuments have been gathered over the years from many different sources These holdings include evidence of Croatian presence in the area 104 The most famous are the Egyptian collection the Zagreb mummy and bandages with the oldest Etruscan inscription in the world Liber Linteus Zagrabiensis as well as the numismatic collection Modern Gallery Croatian Moderna galerija holds the most important and comprehensive collection of paintings sculptures and drawings by 19th and 20th century Croatian artists The collection numbers more than 10 000 works of art housed since 1934 in the historic Vranyczany Palace in the center of Zagreb overlooking the Zrinjevac Park A secondary gallery is the Josip Racic Studio at Margaretska 3 105 Croatian Natural History Museum 1 Demetrova Street holds one of the world s most important collection of Neanderthal remains found at one site 106 These are the remains stone weapons and tools of prehistoric Krapina man The holdings of the Croatian Natural History Museum comprise more than 250 000 specimens distributed among various collections Technical Museum 18 Savska Street was founded in 1954 and it maintains the oldest preserved machine in the area dating from 1830 which is still operational The museum exhibits numerous historic aircraft cars machinery and equipment There are some distinct sections in the museum the Planetarium the Apisarium the Mine model of mines for coal iron and non ferrous metals about 300 m 980 ft long and the Nikola Tesla study 107 108 Museum of the City of Zagreb 20 Opaticka Street was established in 1907 by the Association of the Braca Hrvatskog Zmaja It is located in a restored monumental complex Popov toranj the Observatory Zakmardi Granary of the former Convent of the Poor Clares of 1650 109 The Museum deals with topics from the cultural artistic economic and political history of the city spanning from Roman finds to the modern period The holdings comprise over 80 000 items arranged systematically into collections of artistic and mundane objects characteristic of the city and its history Arts and Crafts Museum 10 Republic of Croatia Square was founded in 1880 with the intention of preserving the works of art and craft against the new predominance of industrial products With its 160 000 exhibits the Arts and Crafts Museum is a national level museum for artistic production and the history of material culture in Croatia 110 Ethnographic Museum 14 Ivan Mazuranic Square was founded in 1919 It lies in the fine Secession building of the one time Trades Hall of 1903 The ample holdings of about 80 000 items cover the ethnographic heritage of Croatia classified in the three cultural zones the Pannonian Dinaric and Adriatic 111 Mimara Museum 5 Roosevelt Square was founded with a donation from Ante Mimara Topic and opened to the public in 1987 It is located in a late 19th century neo Renaissance palace 112 The holdings comprise 3 750 works of art of various techniques and materials and different cultures and civilizations Croatian Museum of Naive Art works by Croatian primitivists at 3 Cirilometodska Street is one of the first museums of naive art in the world The museum holds works of Croatian naive expression of the 20th century It is located in the 18th century Raffay Palace in the Gornji Grad The museum holdings consist of almost 2000 works of art paintings sculptures drawings and prints mainly by Croatians but also by other well known world artists 113 From time to time the museum organizes topics and retrospective exhibitions by naive artists expert meetings and educational workshops and playrooms The Museum of Contemporary Art was founded in 1954 Its new building hosts a rich collection of Croatian and international contemporary visual art which has been collected throughout the decades from the nineteen fifties till today The museum is located in the center of Novi Zagreb opened in 2009 The old location 2 St Catherine s Square is part of the Kulmer Palace in the Gornji Grad 114 Other museums and galleries are also found in the Croatian School Museum the Croatian Hunting Museum the Croatian Sports Museum the Croatian Post and Telecommunications Museum the HAZU Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts Glyptotheque collection of monuments and the HAZU Graphics Cabinet Column of Virgin Mary and Angels Kaptol Square The Strossmayer Gallery of Old Masters 11 Zrinski Square offers permanent holdings presenting European paintings from the 14th to 19th centuries 115 and the Ivan Mestrovic Studio 8 Mletacka Street with sculptures drawings lithography portfolios and other items was a donation of this great artist to his homeland The Museum and Gallery Center 4 Jesuit Square introduces on various occasions the Croatian and foreign cultural and artistic heritage The Art Pavilion 22 King Tomislav Square by Viennese architects Hellmer and Fellmer who were the most famous designers of theatres in Central Europe is a neo classical exhibition complex and one of the landmarks of the downtown The exhibitions are also held in the impressive Mestrovic building on the Square of the Victims of Fascism the Home of Croatian Fine Artists The World Center Wonder of Croatian Naive Art 12 Ban Jelacic Square exhibits masterpieces of Croatian naive art as well as the works of a new generation of artists The Modern Gallery 1 Hebrangova Street comprises all relevant fine artists of the 19th and 20th centuries The Museum of Broken Relationships at 2 Cirilometodska holds people s mementos of past relationships 116 117 118 It is the first private museum in the country 119 Lauba House 23a Baruna Filipovica presents works from Filip Trade Collection a large private collection of modern and contemporary Croatian art and current artistic production 120 121 Events Edit Croatian National Theatre Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall Zagreb has been and is hosting some of the most popular mainstream artists in the past few years their concerts held the Rolling Stones U2 Eric Clapton Deep Purple Bob Dylan David Bowie Roger Waters Depeche Mode Prodigy Beyonce Nick Cave Jamiroquai Manu Chao Massive Attack Metallica Snoop Dogg Lady Gaga Duran Duran as well as some of world most recognised underground artists such as Dimmu Borgir Sepultura Melvins Mastodon and many more Snow Queen Trophy is a World Cup alpine ski race in Zagreb Zagreb is also a home of the INmusic festival one of the biggest open air festivals in Croatia which is held every year usually at the end of June There is also the Zagreb Jazz Festival which has featured popular jazz artists like Pat Metheny or Sonny Rollins Many others festivals occur in Zagreb like Zedno uho featuring indie rock metal and electronica artists such as Animal Collective Melvins Butthole Surfers Crippled Black Phoenix NoMeansNo The National Mark Lanegan Swans Mudhoney around the clubs and concert halls of Zagreb Performing arts Edit Festival of Lights There are about 20 permanent or seasonal theatres and stages The Croatian National Theater in Zagreb was built in 1895 and opened by emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria The most renowned concert hall named Vatroslav Lisinski after the composer of the first Croatian opera was built in 1973 Animafest the World Festival of Animated Films takes place every even numbered year and the Music Biennale the international festival of avant garde music every odd numbered year It also hosts the annual ZagrebDox documentary film festival The Festival of the Zagreb Philharmonic and the flowers exhibition Floraart end of May or beginning of June the Old timer Rally annual events In the summer theatre performances and concerts mostly in the Upper Town are organized either indoors or outdoors The stage on Opatovina hosts the Zagreb Histrionic Summer theatre events Zagreb is also the host of Zagrebfest the oldest Croatian pop music festival as well as of several traditional international sports events and tournaments The Day of the City of Zagreb on 16 November is celebrated every year with special festivities especially on the Jarun lake in the southwestern part of the city Recreation and sports Edit Jarun Lake Arena Zagreb Drazen Petrovic statue in the front of Drazen Petrovic Basketball Hall Zagreb is home to numerous sports and recreational centers Recreational Sports Center Jarun situated on Jarun Lake in the southwest of the city has fine shingle beaches a world class regatta course a jogging lane around the lake several restaurants many night clubs and a discotheque Its sports and recreation opportunities include swimming sunbathing waterskiing angling and other water sports but also beach volleyball football basketball handball table tennis and mini golf Dom Sportova a sport centre in northern Tresnjevka features six halls The largest two have seating capacity of 5 000 and 3 100 people respectively 122 This centre is used for basketball handball volleyball hockey gymnastics tennis etc It also hosts music events Arena Zagreb was finished in 2008 The 16 500 seat arena 123 hosted the 2009 World Men s Handball Championship The Drazen Petrovic Basketball Hall seats 5 400 people Alongside the hall is the 94 metre 308 ft high glass Cibona Tower Sports Park Mladost situated on the embankment of the Sava river has an Olympic size swimming pool smaller indoor and outdoor swimming pools a sunbathing terrace 16 tennis courts as well as basketball volleyball handball football and field hockey courts A volleyball sports hall is within the park Sports and Recreational Center Salata located in Salata only a couple hundred meters from the Jelacic Square is most attractive for tennis players It comprises a big tennis court and eight smaller ones two of which are covered by the so called balloon and another two equipped with lights The center also has swimming pools basketball courts football fields a gym and fitness center and a four lane bowling alley Outdoor ice skating is a popular winter recreation There are also several fine restaurants within and near the center Maksimir Tennis Center located in Ravnice east of downtown consists of two sports blocks The first comprises a tennis center situated in a large tennis hall with four courts There are 22 outdoor tennis courts with lights The other block offers multipurpose sports facilities apart from tennis courts there are handball basketball and indoor football grounds as well as track and field facilities a bocci ball alley and table tennis opportunities Recreational swimmers can enjoy a smaller size indoor swimming pool in Daniciceva Street and a newly opened indoor Olympic size pool at Utrine sports center in Novi Zagreb Skaters can skate in the skating rink on Trg Sportova Sports Square and on the lake Jarun Skaters park Hippodrome Zagreb offers recreational horseback riding opportunities while horse races are held every weekend during the warmer part of the year The 38 923 124 seat Maksimir Stadium last 10 years under renovation is located in Maksimir in the northeastern part of the city The stadium is part of the immense Svetice recreational and sports complex SRC Svetice south of the Maksimir Park The complex covers an area of 276 440 m2 68 acres It is part of a significant green zone which passes from Medvednica in the north toward the south SRC Svetice together with Maksimir Park creates an ideal connection of areas which are assigned to sport recreation and leisure The latest larger recreational facility is Bundek a group of two small lakes near the Sava in Novi Zagreb surrounded by a partly forested park The location had been used prior to the 1970s but then went to neglect until 2006 when it was renovated Some of the most notable sport clubs in Zagreb are GNK Dinamo Zagreb KHL Medvescak Zagreb RK Zagreb KK Cibona KK Zagreb KK Cedevita NK Zagreb HAVK Mladost and others The city hosted the 2016 Davis Cup World Group final between Croatia and Argentina Religion Edit Clockwise from top left Zagreb Cathedral Church of Christ the King in Mirogoj Zagreb Mosque and Serbian Orthodox Church Cathedral The Archdiocese of Zagreb is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Croatia serving as its religious center The Archbishop is Josip Cardinal Bozanic The Catholic Church is the largest religious organisation in Zagreb Catholicism being the predominant religion of Croatia with over 1 1 million adherents 125 Zagreb is also the Episcopal see of the Metropolitanate of Zagreb and Ljubljana of the Serbian Orthodox Church Islamic religious organization of Croatia has the see in Zagreb President is Mufti Aziz Hasanovic There used to be a mosque in the Mestrovic Pavilion during World War II 126 at the Square of the Victims of Fascism but it was relocated to the neighborhood of Borovje in Pescenica Mainstream Protestant churches have also been present in Zagreb Evangelical Lutheran Church and Reformed Christian Calvinist Church The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints LDS Church is also present in the Zagreb neighborhood of Jarun whereas Jehovah s Witnesses have their headquarters in Central Zagreb 127 In total there are around 40 non Catholic religious organizations and denominations in Zagreb with their headquarters and places of worship across the city making it a large and diverse multicultural community There is also significant Jewish history through the Holocaust Economy and infrastructure EditThis section needs to be updated Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information December 2020 Sky Office Tower Eurotower seat of the Zagreb Stock Exchange Important branches of industry are production of electrical machines and devices chemical pharmaceutical textile food and drink processing Zagreb is an international trade and business centre as well as an essential transport hub placed at the crossroads of Central Europe the Mediterranean and the Southeast Europe 128 Almost all of the largest Croatian as well as Central European companies and conglomerates such as Agrokor INA Hrvatski Telekom have their headquarters in the city The only Croatian stock exchange is the Zagreb Stock Exchange Croatian Zagrebacka burza which is located in Eurotower one of the tallest Croatian skyscrapers According to 2008 data the city of Zagreb has the highest PPP and nominal gross domestic product per capita in Croatia at 32 185 and 27 271 respectively compared to the Croatian averages of US 18 686 and 15 758 129 Westgate Mall is Croatia s largest shopping mall As of May 2015 the average monthly net salary in Zagreb was 6 669 kuna about 870 Croatian average is 5 679 kuna about 740 130 131 At the end of 2012 the average unemployment rate in Zagreb was around 9 5 132 34 of companies in Croatia have headquarters in Zagreb and 38 4 of the Croatian workforce works in Zagreb including almost all banks utility and public transport companies 133 134 135 Companies in Zagreb create 52 of total turnover and 60 of total profit of Croatia in 2006 as well as 35 of Croatian export and 57 of Croatian import 136 137 Transport Edit Main article Transport in Zagreb Highways Edit Further information Highways in Croatia Zagreb Fair Chinese pavilion Zagreb is the hub of five major Croatian highways The highway A6 was upgraded in October 2008 and leads from Zagreb to Rijeka and forming a part of the Pan European Corridor Vb The upgrade coincided with the opening of the bridge over the Mura river on the A4 and the completion of the Hungarian M7 which marked the opening of the first freeway corridor between Rijeka and Budapest 138 The A1 starts at the Lucko interchange and concurs with the A6 up to the Bosiljevo 2 interchange connecting Zagreb and Split As of October 2008 update Vrgorac A further extension of the A1 up to Dubrovnik is under construction needs update Both highways are tolled by the Croatian highway authorities Hrvatske autoceste and Autocesta Rijeka Zagreb citation needed Homeland Bridge Highway A3 formerly named Bratstvo i jedinstvo was the showpiece of Croatia in the SFRY It is the oldest Croatian highway 139 140 A3 forms a part of the Pan European Corridor X The highway starts at the Bregana border crossing bypasses Zagreb forming the southern arch of the Zagreb bypass and ends at Lipovac near the Bajakovo border crossing It continues in Southeast Europe in the direction of Near East This highway is tolled except for the stretch between Bobovica and Ivanja Reka interchanges 141 Highway A2 is a part of the Corridor Xa 142 It connects Zagreb and the frequently congested Macelj border crossing forming a near continuous motorway level link between Zagreb and Western Europe 143 Forming a part of the Corridor Vb highway A4 starts in Zagreb forming the northeastern wing of the Zagreb bypass and leads to Hungary until the Gorican border crossing It is often used highway around Zagreb 144 The railway and the highway A3 along the Sava river that extend to Slavonia towards Slavonski Brod Vinkovci Osijek and Vukovar are some of the busiest traffic corridors in the country 145 The railway running along the Sutla river and the A2 highway Zagreb Macelj running through Zagorje as well as traffic connections with the Pannonian region and Hungary the Zagorje railroad the roads and railway to Varazdin Cakovec and Koprivnica are linked with truck routes 146 The southern railway connection to Split operates on a high speed tilting trains line via the Lika region renovated in 2004 to allow for a five hour journey a faster line along the Una river valley is in use only up to the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina 146 147 Roads Edit Part of the Zagreb bypass Lucko interchange is the Zagreb s gateway to the Adriatic coast The city has an extensive avenue network with numerous main arteries up to ten lanes wide and Zagreb bypass a congested four lane highway encircling most of the city Finding a parking space is supposed to be made somewhat easier by the construction of new underground multi story parking lots Importanne Center Importanne Gallery Lang Square Tuskanac Kvaternik Square Klaic Street etc The busiest roads are the main east west arteries former Highway Brotherhood and Unity consisting of Ljubljanska Avenue Zagrebacka Avenue and Slavonska Avenue and the Vukovarska Avenue the closest bypass of the city center The avenues were supposed to alleviate the traffic problem but most of them are nowadays gridlocked during rush hour and others like Branimirova Avenue and Dubrovnik Avenue which are gridlocked for the whole day 148 149 150 European routes E59 E65 and E70 serve Zagreb Bridges Edit Zagreb has seven road traffic bridges across the river Sava and they all span both the river and the levees making them all by and large longer than 200 m 660 ft In downstream order these are Name English Name Croatian Year Finished Type of bridge Road that goes over Other InformationPodsused Bridge Podsusedski most 1982 Two lane road bridge with a commuter train line not yet completed Samoborska Road Connects Zagreb to its close suburbs by a road to Samobor the fastest route to Bestovje Sveta Nedelja and Strmec Jankomir Bridge Jankomirski most 1958 2006 upgrade Four lane road bridge Ljubljanska Avenue Connects Ljubljanska Avenue to the Jankomir interchange and Zagreb bypass Adriatic Bridge Jadranski most 1981 Six lane road bridge also carries tram tracks Adriatic Avenue The most famous bridge in Zagreb The bridge spans from Savska Street in the north to the Remetinec Roundabout in the south Sava Bridge Savski most 1938 Pedestrian since the construction of the Adriatic Bridge Savska Road The official name at the time of building was New Sava bridge but it is the oldest still standing bridge over Sava The bridge is known among experts due to some construction details 151 Liberty Bridge Most slobode 1959 Four lane road bridge Veceslav Holjevac Avenue It used to hold a pair of bus lanes but due to the increasing individual traffic and better tram connections across the river those were converted to normal lanes Youth Bridge Most mladosti 1974 Six lane road bridge also carries tram tracks Marin Drzic Avenue Connects eastern Novi Zagreb to the districts of Trnje Pescenica Donja Dubrava and Maksimir Homeland Bridge Domovinski most 2007 Four lane road bridge also carries two bicycle and two pedestrian lanes has space reserved for light railroad tracks Radnicka Workers Road This bridge is the last bridge built on the Sava river to date it links Pescenica via Radnicka street to the Zagreb bypass at Kosnica It is planned to continue towards Zagreb Airport at Pleso and Velika Gorica and on to state road D31 going to the south There are also two rail traffic bridges across the Sava one near the Sava bridge and one near Micevec as well as two bridges that are part of the Zagreb bypass one near Zapresic west and the other near Ivanja Reka east Two additional bridges across the river Sava are proposed Jarun Bridge and Bundek Bridge Public transportation Edit Main Railway Station Public transportation in the city is organized in several layers the inner parts of the city are mostly covered by trams the outer city areas and closer suburbs are linked with buses and rapid transit commuter rail The public transportation company ZET Zagrebacki elektricni tramvaj Zagreb Electric Tram operates trams all inner bus lines and most of the suburban bus lines and it is subsidized by the city council The national rail operator Croatian Railways Hrvatske zeljeznice HZ runs a network of urban and suburban train lines in the metropolitan Zagreb area and is a government owned corporation The funicular uspinjaca in the historic part of the city is a tourist attraction ZET tram and city bus Newest model of the Zagreb city trains system Taxi market has been liberalized in early 2018 152 and numerous transport companies have been allowed to enter the market consequently the prices significantly dropped whereas the service was immensely improved so the popularity of taxis in Zagreb has been increasing from then onwards Tram network Edit Main article Trams in Zagreb Zagreb has an extensive tram network with 15 day and 4 night lines covering much of the inner and middle suburbs of the city The first tram line was opened on 5 September 1891 and trams have been serving as a vital component of Zagreb mass transit ever since Trams usually travel at speeds of 30 50 kilometres per hour 19 31 miles per hour but slow considerably during rush hour The network operates at the curb whereas on larger avenues its tracks are situated inside the green belts An ambitious program which entailed replacing old trams with the new and modern ones built mostly in Zagreb by companies Koncar elektroindustrija and to a lesser extent by TZV Gredelj has recently been finished The new TMK 2200 trams by the end of 2012 made around 95 of the fleet 153 Suburban rail network Edit Main article Zagreb Commuter Rail The commuter rail network in Zagreb has existed since 1992 In 2005 suburban rail services were increased to a 15 minute frequency serving the middle and outer suburbs of Zagreb primarily in the east west direction and to the southern districts This has enhanced the commuting opportunities across the city 154 A new link to the nearby town of Samobor has been announced and is due to start construction in 2014 This link will be standard gauge and tie in with normal Croatian Railways operations The previous narrow gauge line to Samobor called Samoborcek was closed in the 1970s 155 Air traffic Edit Main article Zagreb International Airport Zagreb Franjo Tuđman Airport Zagreb Airport IATA ZAG ICAO LDZA is the main Croatian international airport a 17 km 11 mi drive southeast of Zagreb in the city of Velika Gorica The airport is also the main Croatian airbase featuring a fighter squadron helicopters as well as military and freight transport aircraft 156 The airport had 2 77 million passengers in 2016 with a new passenger terminal being opened in late March 2017 that can accommodate up to 5 5 million passengers Zagreb also has a second smaller airport Lucko ICAO LDZL It is home to sports aeroplanes and a Croatian special police unit as well as being a military helicopter airbase Lucko used to be the main airport of Zagreb from 1947 to 1959 157 A third small grass airfield Busevec is located just outside Velika Gorica It is primarily used for sports purposes 158 Education EditFurther information List of high schools in Zagreb National and University Library Zagreb has 136 primary schools and 100 secondary schools including 30 gymnasia 159 160 There are 5 public higher education institution and 9 private professional higher education schools 161 University Edit This section needs to be updated Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information December 2020 Main article University of Zagreb Further information List of universities in Croatia Founded in 1669 the University of Zagreb is the oldest continuously operating university in Croatia and one of the largest 162 163 164 165 166 167 and oldest universities in the Southeastern Europe Ever since its foundation the university has been continually growing and developing and now consists of 29 faculties three art academies and the Croatian Studies Centre More than 200 000 students have attained the Bachelor s degree at the university which has also assigned 18 000 Master s and 8 000 Doctor s degrees 168 As of 2011 update the University of Zagreb is ranked among 500 Best Universities of the world by the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities Zagreb is also the seat of two private universities the Catholic University of Croatia and the Libertas International University as well as numerous public and private polytechnics colleges and higher professional schools which References EditFootnotes Edit a b from the household census population census without clergy and nobility Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008 Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013 as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states In total 112 UN member states have recognized Kosovo at some point of which 15 later withdrew their recognition Citations Edit City of zagreb 2006 City of Zagreb Statistics Department Archived from the original on 11 October 2007 Retrieved 25 January 2008 a b c Zagreb Urban Agglomeration Development Strategy for the period up to 2020 PDF www zagreb hr April 2018 Retrieved 28 December 2019 Statisticki ljetopis Grada Zagreba 2007 PDF Statisticki Ljetopis Zagreba in Croatian and English 2013 ISSN 1330 3678 Retrieved 12 November 2008 a b Population by Age and Sex by Settlements 2011 Census City of Zagreb Census of Population Households and Dwellings 2011 Zagreb Croatian Bureau of Statistics December 2012 Retrieved 31 August 2014 a b Population by age and sex by districts of City of Zagreb HTML Census of Population Households and Dwellings 2011 Zagreb Croatian Bureau of Statistics December 2012 Retrieved 31 August 2014 a b Kretanje ukupnog stanovnistva Zagreba nakon popisa 2011 do 2018 PDF zagreb hr in Croatian March 2020 Retrieved 1 September 2020 Sub national HDI Subnational HDI Global Data Lab globaldatalab org Wells John C 2008 Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed Longman ISBN 978 1 4058 8118 0 Roach Peter 2011 Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary 18th ed Cambridge Cambridge University Press ISBN 978 0 521 15253 2 Hrvatski jezicni portal Retrieved 23 March 2015 Grad Zagreb sluzbene stranice Retrieved 20 June 2017 OSNOVNI PODACI O GRADU ZAGREBU Retrieved 20 June 2017 Zagreb Zagreb ZPR FER Archived from the original on 30 July 2007 Retrieved 20 June 2017 Arheoloski park ANDAUTONIJA Retrieved 20 June 2017 Arheoloski park ANDAUTONIJA u Scitarjevu Arheoloski muzej u Zagrebu Archived from the original on 29 July 2017 Retrieved 20 June 2017 Povijest Andautonija Archived from the original on 26 July 2012 Retrieved 20 June 2017 Andautonija Turisticka zajednica Zagrebacke zupanije Retrieved 20 June 2017 Muzej grada Zagreba 5 Slobodni kraljevski grad na Gradecu Archived from the original on 5 July 2017 Retrieved 20 June 2017 Kralj Bela IV Gradecu izdao Zlatnu bulu kojom je postao slobodni kraljevski grad 16 November 2014 Retrieved 20 June 2017 slobodni kraljevski gradovi i trgovista Hrvatska enciklopedija Retrieved 20 June 2017 slobodni kraljevski gradec Grad Zagreb sluzbene stranice Retrieved 20 June 2017 Zlatna bula Bele IV Hrvatska enciklopedija Retrieved 20 June 2017 Zagrebacki gradonacelnici Grad Zagreb sluzbene stranice Retrieved 20 June 2017 Popis gradonacelnika grada Zagreba ZGportal Zagreb Retrieved 20 June 2017 Izabran prvi zagrebacki gradonacelnik u povijesti 1851 14 May 2014 Retrieved 20 June 2017 15 svibnja 1851 tko je bio prvi gradonacelnik Zagreba narod hr 15 May 2017 Retrieved 20 June 2017 Kakav je status Grada Zagreba Ministarstvo uprave Retrieved 20 June 2017 Popis zupanija gradova i opcina Retrieved 20 June 2017 Sustav lokalne i podrucne regionalne samouprave Retrieved 20 June 2017 Zakon o Gradu Zagrebu Zakon hr Retrieved 20 June 2017 Gradske cetvrti Grad Zagreb sluzbene stranice Retrieved 20 June 2017 Gradske cetvrti grada Zagreba ZGportal Zagreb Retrieved 21 June 2017 Doznajte kako su glasale pojedine gradske cetvrti Zagreba Dnevnik hr Retrieved 20 June 2017 Gradska cetvrt Podsljeme Grad Zagreb sluzbene stranice Retrieved 20 June 2017 Karta Podsljeme Zagreb Karta Zagreba Retrieved 20 June 2017 Gradska cetvrt Podsljeme ZGportal Zagreb Retrieved 20 June 2017 Udaljenost Sesvete Zagreb Udaljenosti com Retrieved 20 June 2017 Karta Sesvete Zagreb Karta Zagreba Retrieved 20 June 2017 Sesvete Karta Zagreba Retrieved 20 June 2017 Medvednica Simboli grada Zagreba ZGportal Zagreb Retrieved 20 June 2017 Zagreb Google Karte Retrieved 20 June 2017 Karta Zagreba Retrieved 20 June 2017 The World According to GaWC 2020 GaWC Research Network Globalization and World Cities Retrieved 31 August 2020 Zagreb nasa metropola Retrieved 20 June 2017 Zagreb moderna metropola bogate povijesti HUP Zagreb Retrieved 20 June 2017 Grad Zagreb Velegrad zelenog srca Jutarnji List 21 August 2010 Retrieved 21 June 2017 Republika Grad Zagreb STav Retrieved 20 June 2017 Unitarna i centralizirana Hrvatska zrela za redizajn Glas Slavonije Retrieved 20 June 2017 Sindikati traze izdvajanje Grada Zagreba iz statisticke podjele RH Retrieved 20 June 2017 Zagrabia in Giovanni Giacomo de Rossi s Mercurio Geografico Dalmatia Istria Bosnia Servia Croatia parte di Schiavonia Rome c 1692 swaen com Cod Dipl II 42 rex diuina gratia inspirante Zagrabiensem constituit episcopatum videlicet ut quos error idolatrie a dei cultura extraneos fecerat episcopalis cuira ad viam veritatis reduceret Mladen ANCIC Dva teksta iz sredine 14 stoljeca Prilog poznavanju drustvenog znanja u Hrvatskom Kraljevstvu Two works from the middle of the 14th century Contribution to the understanding of social knowledge in the Croatian Kingdom Starohrvatska prosvjeta III 40 2013 a b Decsy Gyula in Jean Claude Boulanger ed Actes du XVIe Congres international des sciences onomastiques Quebec Universite Laval 16 22 aout 1987 le nom propre au carrefour des etudes humaines et des sciences sociales Presses Universite Laval 1990 ISBN 978 2 7637 7213 4 p 202 Gluhak Alemko 14 November 1999 Neke praslavenske rijeci u hrvatskome Hrcak Srce Hrvatski Dijalektoloski Zbornik 11 11 20 Retrieved 10 July 2017 Frank Moore Colby Talcott Williams Dodd The New International Encyclopaedia Volume 1 1918 p 239 Nikola Stambak Zagreb 2004 p 77 BILA JEDNOM MANDA BAJNA GRABILA JE IZ BUNARA Legenda o Mandusevcu i nastanku imena Zagreb Retrieved 20 June 2017 LEGENDA O ZELENOM KURCU Sto se krije iza price o Mandi i zednom junaku 28 December 2016 Retrieved 20 June 2017 Poznate i nepoznate legende o Zagrebu i okolici Narodni NET 17 January 2012 Retrieved 20 June 2017 Mandusevac fontana po kojoj je Zagreb dobio ime Retrieved 20 June 2017 Zagreb nije oduvijek 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city council 2011 GRADSKI URED ZA STRATEGIJSKO PLANIRANJE I RAZVOJ GRADA Odjel za statistiku www1 zagreb hr Retrieved 16 June 2011 About Croatia 2011 About Croatia Population of Croatia Information provided by the Croatian Central Bureau of Statistics Retrieved 16 June 2011 City Mayors amp Tann vom Hove 2010 City Mayors Largest cities and their mayors in 2011 Countries A D citymayors com Retrieved 29 June 2011 City Mayors amp Tann vom Hove Sic Miroslav 2007 Spatial and functional changes in recent urban development of Zagreb PDF Delo Archived from the original PDF on 17 December 2008 Retrieved 6 November 2008 Narodne novine 62 01 125 08 Population by Ethnicity By Towns Municipalities 2011 Census Census 2011 Croatian Bureau of Statistics Retrieved 16 April 2015 City of Zagreb Population by districts Census 2001 Croatian Bureau of Statistics Retrieved 20 January 2011 Population by nationality 2011 Croatia Retrieved 22 August 2011 zagreb hr Local self government Retrieved 28 September 2016 Cite error The named reference klubovi was invoked but never defined see the help page XXI Grad Zagreb PDF Informacija o izborima clanova predstavnickih tijela jedinica lokalne i podrucne regionalne samouprave i opcinskih nacelnika gradonacelnika i zupana te njihovih zamjenika 2021 State Election Committee of the Republic of Croatia Retrieved 27 June 2021 Klubovi Clubs Zagreb City Assembly Retrieved 23 June 2021 zagreb hr Zagreb in brief City administration Retrieved 29 September 2016 Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagreb 2006 2009 City of Zagreb Retrieved 23 June 2009 Gradovi prijatelji grada Zagreba Retrieved 20 June 2017 a b c Na Bundekfestu prvi put i gradovi prijatelji Rim Bec Budimpesta i Ljubljana 16 September 2014 Retrieved 20 June 2017 Saint Petersburg in figures International and Interregional Ties Saint Petersburg City Government Archived from the original on 24 February 2009 Retrieved 23 March 2008 Sister Cities of Kyoto City City of Kyoto Archived from the original on 21 January 2014 Retrieved 21 January 2014 Lisboa Geminacoes de Cidades e Vilas Lisbon Twinning of Cities and Towns Associacao Nacional de Municipios Portugueses National Association of Portuguese Municipalities in Portuguese Retrieved 23 August 2013 Acordos de Geminacao de Cooperacao e ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa Lisbon Twinning Agreements Cooperation and Friendship Camara Municipal de Lisboa in Portuguese Archived from the original on 31 October 2013 Retrieved 23 August 2013 Budapest Testvervarosok Budapest Twin Cities Budapest Fovaros Onkormanyzatanak hivatalos oldala Official site of the Municipality of Budapest in Hungarian Archived from the original on 9 August 2013 Retrieved 14 August 2013 Fraternity cities on Sarajevo Official Web Site City of Sarajevo 2001 2008 Archived from the original on 1 December 2008 Retrieved 9 November 2008 Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje Mestna obcina Ljubljana Ljubljana City in Slovenian Archived from the original 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zatvorena do srijede Retrieved 20 June 2017 10 projekata koji bi rijesili gradske guzve u Zagrebu na cekanju Retrieved 20 June 2017 Neven Crnobrnja 2006 Bridges across the Sava River in Zagreb Građevinar in Croatian 57 12 Zagreb Croatia Hrvatski savez građevinskih inzenjera Retrieved 20 January 2011 Ministar Butkovic Novim Zakonom o prijevozu u cestovnom prometu jeftiniji i dostupniji taksi za sve građane Government of the Republic of Croatia Predstavljen 71 niskopodni tramvaj in Croatian Zagrebacki elektricni tramvaj ZET 27 December 2007 Archived from the original on 31 December 2007 Retrieved 8 January 2008 Vojkovic Ana Marija 1 August 2008 Zagreb kupuje 18 vlakova za brzi prigradski promet 24 sata in Croatian Archived from the original on 28 September 2011 Retrieved 8 December 2008 Uskoro Samoborcek i novi prigradski vlakovi PDF Zagrebacki Komunalni Vjesnik in Croatian 362 11 28 November 2007 ISSN 1845 4968 Archived from the original PDF on 10 September 2008 Retrieved 31 July 2008 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Zagreb Croatia Europe Engage Retrieved 23 July 2017 University of Zagreb Top Universities Archived from the original on 29 July 2017 Retrieved 23 July 2017 4th Ensec Conference Zagreb Croatia Retrieved 23 July 2017 Zagreb in brief City of Zagreb Retrieved 11 November 2008 Bibliography Edit Cresswell Peterjon Atkins Ismay Dunn Lily 10 July 2006 Time Out Croatia First ed London Berkeley amp Toronto Time Out Group Ltd amp Ebury Publishing Random House Ltd 20 Vauxhall Bridge Road London SV1V 2SA ISBN 978 1 904978 70 1 External links EditZagrebat Wikipedia s sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guides from Wikivoyage Resources from Wikiversity Zagreb Official website Zagreb Tourist Board Zagreb Fair Zagreb International airport Preceded by Rotterdam Netherlands 1953 World Gymnaestrada host city 1957 Succeeded by Stuttgart West Germany 1961 Preceded by Kobe Japan 1985 Universiade host city 1987 Succeeded by Duisburg West Germany 1989 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zagreb amp oldid 1052035853, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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