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Wikipedia

Zaha Hadid

For the architectural firm, see Zaha Hadid Architects.

Dame Zaha Mohammad HadidDBE RA (Arabic:زها حديدZahā Ḥadīd; 31 October 1950 – 31 March 2016) was a Iraqi architect, artist and designer, recognised as a major figure in architecture of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Born in Baghdad, Iraq, Hadid studied mathematics as an undergraduate and then enrolled at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in 1972. In search of an alternative system to traditional architectural drawing, and influenced by Suprematism and the Russian avant-garde, Hadid adopted painting as a design tool and abstraction as an investigative principle to "reinvestigate the aborted and untested experiments of Modernism [...] to unveil new fields of building."

Dame
Zaha Hadid

Hadid at the Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center, November 2013
Born
Zaha Mohammad Hadid

(1950-10-31)31 October 1950
Died31 March 2016(2016-03-31) (aged 65)
Miami, Florida, U.S.
NationalityIraq, United Kingdom
Alma materAmerican University of Beirut
Architectural Association School of Architecture
OccupationArchitect
Parent(s)Mohammed Hadid
Wajeeha Sabonji
PracticeZaha Hadid Architects
BuildingsVitra Fire Station, MAXXI, Bridge Pavilion, Contemporary Arts Center, Heydar Aliyev Center, Riverside Museum
Websitewww.zaha-hadid.com

She was described by The Guardian as the "Queen of the curve", who "liberated architectural geometry, giving it a whole new expressive identity". Her major works include the London Aquatics Centre for the 2012 Olympics, the Broad Art Museum, Rome's MAXXI Museum, and the Guangzhou Opera House. Some of her awards have been presented posthumously, including the statuette for the 2017 Brit Awards. Several of her buildings were still under construction at the time of her death, including the Daxing International Airport in Beijing, and the Al Wakrah Stadium in Qatar, a venue for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.

Hadid was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize, in 2004. She received the UK's most prestigious architectural award, the Stirling Prize, in 2010 and 2011. In 2012, she was made a Dame by Elizabeth II for services to architecture, and in February, 2016, the month preceding her death, she became the first woman to be individually awarded the Royal Gold Medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects (Ray Eames and Sheila O'Donnell had previously been awarded it jointly with Charles Eames and John Tuomey respectively).

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Zaha Hadid was born on 31 October 1950 in Baghdad, Iraq, to an upper class Iraqi family. Her father, Muhammad al-Hajj Husayn Hadid, was a wealthy industrialist from Mosul. He co-founded the left-liberal al-Ahali group in 1932, a significant political organisation in the 1930s and 1940s. He was the co-founder of the National Democratic Party in Iraq and served as minister of finance after the overthrow of the monarch after the 1958 Iraqi coup d'état for the government of General Abd al-Karim Qasim. Her mother, Wajiha al-Sabunji, was an artist from Mosul while her brother Foulath Hadid was a writer, accountant and expert on Arab affairs. Hadid once mentioned in an interview how her early childhood trips to the ancient Sumerian cities in southern Iraq sparked her interest in architecture. In the 1960s Hadid attended boarding schools in England and Switzerland.

Hadid studied mathematics at the American University of Beirut before moving, in 1972, to London to study at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. There she studied with Rem Koolhaas, Elia Zenghelis and Bernard Tschumi. Her former professor, Koolhaas, described her at graduation as "a planet in her own orbit." Zenghelis described her as the most outstanding pupil he ever taught. 'We called her the inventor of the 89 degrees. Nothing was ever at 90 degrees. She had spectacular vision. All the buildings were exploding into tiny little pieces." He recalled that she was less interested in details, such as staircases. "The way she drew a staircase you would smash your head against the ceiling, and the space was reducing and reducing, and you would end up in the upper corner of the ceiling. She couldn't care about tiny details. Her mind was on the broader pictures—when it came to the joinery she knew we could fix that later. She was right.' Her AA graduation thesis, Malevich's Tektonik, was a concept and design for a 14-level hotel on London's Hungerford Bridge executed as an acrylic painting, inspired by the works of the Russian suprematist artist Kazimir Malevich.

After graduation in 1977, she went to work for her former professors, Koolhaas and Zenghelis, at the Office for Metropolitan Architecture, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Through her association with Koolhaas, she met the architectural engineer Peter Rice, who gave her support and encouragement during the early stages of her career. Hadid became a naturalised citizen of the United Kingdom. She opened her own architectural firm, Zaha Hadid Architects, in London in 1980. During the early 1980s Hadid's style introduced audiences to a new modern architecture style through her extremely detailed and professional sketches. At the time people were focused on postmodernism designs, so her designs were a different approach to architecture that set her apart from other designers.

She then began her career teaching architecture, first at the Architectural Association, then, over the years at Harvard Graduate School of Design, Cambridge University, the University of Chicago, the Hochschule für bildende Künste in Hamburg, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and Columbia University. She earned her early reputation with her lecturing and colourful and radical early designs and projects, which were widely published in architectural journals but remained largely unbuilt. Her ambitious but unbuilt projects included a plan for Peak in Hong Kong (1983), and a plan for an opera house in Cardiff, Wales, (1994). The Cardiff experience was particularly discouraging; her design was chosen as the best by the competition jury, but the Welsh government refused to pay for it, and the commission was given to a different and less ambitious architect. Her reputation in this period rested largely upon her teaching and the imaginative and colourful paintings she made of her proposed buildings. Her international reputation was greatly enhanced in 1988 when she was chosen to show her drawings and paintings as one of seven architects chosen to participate in the exhibition "Deconstructivism in Architecture" curated by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley at New York's Museum of Modern Art. This, a conference at the Tate in London and press coverage of her work began to not only get her name out into the architecture world, but allowed people to associate a particular style of architecture with Hadid.

Vitra Fire Station (1991–1993)

One of her first clients was Rolf Fehlbaum the president-director general of the Swiss furniture firm Vitra, and later, from 2004 to 2010, a member of the jury for the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize. In 1989, Fehlbaum had invited Frank Gehry, then little-known, to build a design museum at the Vitra factory in Weil-am-Rhein. In 1993, he invited Hadid to design a small fire station for the factory. Her radical design, made of raw concrete and glass, was a sculptural work composed of sharp diagonal forms colliding together in the centre. The design plans appeared in architecture magazines before construction. When completed, it only served as a fire station for a short period of time, as Weil am Rhein soon opened their own fire station. It became an exhibit space instead, and is now on display with the works of Gehry and other well-known architects. It was the launching pad of her architectural career.

Bergisel Ski Jump (1999–2002)

Hadid designed a public housing estate in Berlin (1986–1993) and organised an exhibition, "The Great Utopia" (1992), at the Guggenheim Museum in New York. Her next major project was a ski jump at Bergisel, in Innsbruck Austria. The old ski jump, built in 1926, had been used in the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics. The new structure was to contain not only a ski jump, but also a cafe with 150 seats offering a 360-degree view of the mountains. Hadid had to fight against traditionalists and against time; the project had to be completed in one year, before the next international competition. Her design is 48 metres high and rests on a base seven metres by seven metres. She described it as "an organic hybrid", a cross between a bridge and a tower, which by its form gives a sense of movement and speed.

Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati (1997–2000)

At the end of the 1990s, her career began to gather momentum, as she won commissions for two museums and a large industrial building. She competed against Rem Koolhaas and other well-known architects for the design of the Contemporary Arts Center in Cincinnati, Ohio (1997–2000). She won, and became the first woman to design an art museum in the United States. At 8,500 square metres, the museum was not huge, and her design did not have the flamboyance of the Guggenheim Bilbao of Frank Gehry, built at the same time. But the project demonstrated Hadid's ability to use architectural forms to create interior drama, including its central element, a 30-metre long black stairway that passes between massive curving and angular concrete walls.

Phaeno Science Center (2000–2005)

In 2000 she won an international competition for the Phaeno Science Center, in Wolfsburg, Germany (2002–2005). The new museum was only a little larger than the Cincinnati Museum, with 9,000 square metres of space, but the plan was much more ambitious. It was similar in concept to the buildings of Le Corbusier, raised up seven metres on concrete pylons. Unlike Corbusier's buildings, she planned for the space under the building to be filled with activity, and each of the 10 massive inverted cone-shaped columns that hold up the building contains a cafe, a shop, or a museum entrance. The tilting columns reach up through the building and also support the roof. The museum structure resembles an enormous ship, with sloping walls and asymmetric scatterings of windows, and the interior, with its angular columns and exposed steel roof framework, gives the illusion of being inside a working vessel or laboratory.

Ordrupgaard Museum extension (2001–2005)

In 2001 she began another museum project, an extension of the Ordrupgaard Museum near Copenhagen, Denmark, a museum featuring a collection of 19th century French and Danish art in the 19th-century mansion of its collector. The new building is 87 metres long and 20 metres wide, and is connected by a five-metre wide passage to the old museum. There are no right angles – only diagonals – in the concrete shell of the museum. The floor-to-ceiling glass walls of the gallery make the garden the backdrop of the exhibits.

BMW Administration Building (2001–2005)

In 2002 she won the competition to design a new administrative building for the factory of the auto manufacturer BMW in Leipzig, Germany. The three assembly buildings adjoining it were designed by other architects; her building served as the entrance and what she called the "nerve centre" of the complex. As with the Phaeno Science Center, the building is hoisted above street level on leaning concrete pylons. The interior contains a series of levels and floors which seem to cascade, sheltered by tilting concrete beams and a roof supported by steel beams in the shape of an 'H'. The open interior inside was intended, she wrote, to avoid "the traditional segregation of working groups" and to show the "global transparence of the internal organisation" of the enterprise, and wrote that she had given particular attention to the parking lot in front of the building, with the intent, she wrote, of "transforming it into a dynamic spectacle of its own".

In 2004 she won the Pritzker Architecture Prize, the most prestigious award in architecture, though she had only completed four buildings – the Vitra Fire Station, the Ski Lift in Innsbruck Austria, the Car Park and Terminus Hoenheim North in France, and the Contemporary Art Center in Cincinnati. In making the announcement, Thomas Pritzker, the head of the jury, announced: "Although her body of work is relatively small, she has achieved great acclaim and her energy and ideas show even greater promise for the future."

Zaragoza Bridge Pavilion (2005–2008)

Between 1997 and 2010 Hadid ventured into the engineers' domain of bridge construction, a field also occupied by other top architects including Norman Foster and Santiago Calatrava. Between 2005 and 2008 she designed and built the Bridge-Pavilion of Zaragoza, which was both an exhibit hall and a bridge, created for Expo 2008, an event on the themes of water and durable development. The concrete bridge span on which the pavilion rests is 85 metres long measured from the Exposition site to an island in the Ebro River. The bridge carries or is attached to four tunnel-like exhibition spaces she termed "pods", which spread onto the island, for a total length of 275 metres. The pods are covered with a skin of 26,000 triangular shingles, many of which open to let in air and light. Like her other structures, the bridge-pavilion is composed entirely of diagonal slopes and curves, with no right-angles of orthogonal forms. By its curving shape and low profile, the bridge-pavilion fits smoothly into the grassy landscape along the river.

Sheikh Zayed Bridge (1997–2010)

Between 1997 and 2010, she constructed a much more ambitious bridge, the Sheikh Zayed Bridge, which honors Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, between the island of Abu Dhabi and the mainland of Abu Dhabi, as well as to the Abu Dhabi International Airport. Both the design of the bridge and the lighting, consisting of gradually changing colours, were designed to give the impression of movement. The silhouette of the bridge is a wave, with a principal arch 235 metres long, standing 60 metres above the water. The total span of four lanes is 842 metres (2,762 feet) long, and also includes pedestrian walkways.

National Museum of Arts of the 21st Century (MAXXI), Rome, Italy (1998–2010)

The National Museum of Arts of the 21st Century (MAXXI for short), in Rome, was designed and built between 1998 and 2010. The main theme of its architecture is the sense of movement; Everything in the structure seems to be moving and flowing. Hadid took inspiration from the surrounding orthogonal site grids to determine the overall form. The facade belongs to her earlier period, with smooth curving white walls and an austere black and white colour scheme. The building is perched on groups of five very thin pylons, and one gallery with a glass face precariously overhangs the plaza in front of the museum, creating shade. Rowan Moore of The Guardian of London described its form as "bending oblong tubes, overlapping, intersecting and piling over each other. The imagery is of flow and movement and it resembles a demented piece of transport architecture. Inside, black steel stairs and bridges, their undersides glowing with white light, fly across a void. They take you off to the galleries, which are themselves works of frozen motion. The design is intended to generate what Hadid called "confluence, interference and turbulence",

Guangzhou Opera House (2003–2010)

In 2002 Hadid won an international competition for her first project in China. The Guangzhou Opera House is located in a new business district of the city, with a new 103-storey glass tower behind it. It covers 70,000 square metres and was built at cost of US$300 million. The complex comprises an 1,800-seat theatre, a multipurpose theatre, entry hall, and salon. A covered pathway with restaurants and shops separates the two main structures. This building, like several of her later buildings, was inspired by natural earth forms; the architect herself referred to it as the "two pebbles". It appears akin to two giant smooth-edged boulders faced with 75,000 panels of polished granite and glass. Edwin Heathcote, writing for the Financial Times, noted Hadid's concentration on how her design could transform the urban landscape of Guangzhou, as the building rose as the centre of the new business area. He wrote in 2011 that Hadid "produced a building that seems to suck the surrounding landscape into a vortex of movement and swirling space... appears both as alien object in a landscape of incomprehensible vastness (and often overwhelming banality), and as an extrusion of the peculiar nature of this landscape." Nicolai Ourousoff, architecture critic of the New York Times, wrote that "stepping into the main hall is like entering the soft insides of an oyster...The concave ceiling is pierced by thousands of little lights—it looks like you're sitting under the dome of a clear night sky." Ourousoff noted that the finished building had construction problems: many of the granite tiles on the exterior had to be replaced, and the plaster and other interior work was poorly done by the inexperienced workers, but he praised Hadid's ability "to convey a sense of bodies in motion" and called the building "a Chinese gem that elevates its setting."

Riverside Museum, Glasgow, Scotland (2004–2011)

Roof of the Riverside Museum

The Riverside Museum (2004–2011), on the banks of the River Clyde Glasgow, Scotland, houses the Glasgow Museum of Transport. Hadid described the 10,000-square metre building, with 7,000 square metres of gallery space, as "a wave", "folds in movement", and "a shed in the form of a tunnel, open at the extreme ends, one end toward the city and the other toward the Clyde." Like many of her buildings, the whole form is only perceived when viewed from above. The facades are covered with zinc plates, and the roofline has a series of peaks and angles. The interior galleries caused some controversy; visitors who came to see the collection of historic automobiles found that they are mounted on the walls, high overhead, so it is impossible to look into them. Rowan Moore of The Guardian of London wrote: "Obviously the space is about movement...Outside it is, typologically, a supermarket, being a big thing in a parking lot that is seeking to attract you in...It has enigma and majesty, but not friendliness."

London Olympics Aquatics Centre (2005–2011)

Hadid described her Aquatics Centre for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London as "inspired by the fluid geometry of water in movement". The building covers three swimming pools, and seats 17,500 spectators at the two main pools. The roof, made of steel and aluminium and covered with wood on the inside, rests on just three supports; it is in the form of a parabolic arch that dips in the centre, with the two pools at either end. The seats are placed in bays beside the curving and outward-leaning walls of glass. At £269 million, the complex cost three times the original estimate, owing principally to the complexity of the roof. This was the subject of much comment when it was constructed, and it was the first 2012 Olympic building begun but the last to be finished. It was praised by architecture critics. Rowan Moore of The Guardian said that the roof "floats and undulates" and called the centre "the Olympics' most majestic space".

Broad Art Museum, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, US (2007–2012)

The Broad Art Museum at Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan, Hadid's second project in the United States, has a space of 4,274 square metres, dedicated to contemporary art and modern art and an historical collection. The parallelogram-shaped building leans sharply and seems about to tip over. Hadid wrote that she designed the building so that its sloping pleated stainless steel facades would reflect the surrounding neighbourhood from different angles; the building continually changes colour depending upon the weather, the time of day and the angle of the sun. As Hadid commented, the building "awakens curiosity without ever truly revealing its contents". Elaine Glusac of The New York Times wrote that the architecture of the new museum "radicalizes the streetscape". The Museum was used in a scene of the 2016 Batman vs. Superman movie.

Galaxy SOHO, Beijing, China (2008–2012)

Many of Hadid's later major works are found in Asia. The Galaxy SOHO in Beijing, China (2008–2012) is a combination of offices and a commercial centre in the heart of Beijing with a total of 332,857 square metres, composed of four different ovoid glass-capped buildings joined together by multiple curving passageways on different levels. Hadid explained, "the interior spaces follow the same coherent formal logic of continual curvilinearity." The complex, like most of her buildings, gives the impression that every part of them is in motion.

Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku Azerbaijan (2007–2013)

The Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku, Azerbaijan (2007–2013) is a gigantic cultural and conference centre containing three auditoriums, a library and museum, with a total space of 10,801 square metres on a surface of 15,514 square metres, and a height of 74 metres. Hadid wrote that "its fluid form emerges from the folds of the natural topography of the landscape and envelops the different functions of the centre", though the building when completed was largely surrounded by Soviet-era apartment blocks. Peter Cook in Architectural Review called it "a white vision, outrageously total, arrogantly complete ... a unique object that confounds and contradicts the reasonable ... a wave form sweeping up, almost lunging, into the sky ... here is architecture as the ultimate statement of theatre ... It is the most complete realisation yet of the Iraqi-born architect's vision of sweeping curves and flowing space."

Consisting of eight storeys, the centre includes an auditorium with 1000 seats, exhibition space, conference hall, workshop and a museum. No straight line was used in the project of the complex. The shape of the building is wave-like and the overall view is unique and harmonic. Such an architectural structure stands for post-modernist architecture and forms oceanic feeling. The lines of the building symbolise the merging of past and future.

While the building itself was widely praised, Dame Zaha was criticized in many circles when she was awarded Britain's most prestigious prize in architecture, the Design Museum "Design of the Year," the first woman to do so. The building was named for the former ruler of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, and commissioned by his son, Illham, who became president after his father's death in 2003. Hugh Williamson, director of Human Rights Watch for Europe and the Central Asian division, called Aliyev "an authoritarian leader and so is his son." The former Soviet secret police general ruled for 30 years, first as its Communist leader and then as its president. Amnesty International accused him of human rights abuses, balloting irregularities and intimidating the opposition while in power. Several architecture critics who admired the work itself felt that Dame Zaha should have raised questions about this repressive leader even as she accepted the commission, and other critics questioned the UK granting its most prestigious architecture award to a building which memorialized a vicious Soviet dictator.

Dongdaemun Design Plaza, Seoul, Korea (2007–2013)

The Dongdaemun Design Plaza (2007–2013) is among the largest buildings in Seoul, South Korea. Its name means "Great Gate of the East", in reference to the old walls of the city. The complex of 86,574 square metres contains exhibition space, a museum of design, conference rooms and other common facilities, as well as the bureaux and a marketplace for designers which is open 24 hours a day. The main building is 280 metres long with seven levels, including three levels underground. The smooth-skinned, giant mushroom-like structure floating atop sloping pylons is made of concrete, aluminium, steel and stone on the exterior, and finished inside with plaster reinforced with synthetic fibre, acoustic tiles, acrylic resin, and stainless steel and polished stone on the interior. Hadid wrote that the principal characteristics of her design were "transparency, porousness, and durability." It also features many ecological features, including a double skin, solar panels, and a system for recycling water.

Library and Learning Center, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria (2008–2013)

The Library and Learning Center was designed as the centrepiece of the new University of Economics in Vienna. Containing 28,000 square metres of space, its distinctive Hadid features include walls sloping at 35 degrees and massive black volume cantilevered at an angle over the plaza in front of the building. She described the interior as follows: "The straight lines of the building's exterior separate as they move inward, becoming curvilinear and fluid to generate a free-formed interior canyon that serves as the principal public plaza of the Center, as well as generating corridors and bridges ensuring smooth transitions between different levels."

Serpentine Sackler North Gallery, Kensington Gardens, London UK (2009–2013)

The Serpentine Sackler Gallery is a synthesis of two distinct parts – the 19th century classical brick structure named The Magazine (a former gunpowder store), and a 21st century tensile structure. This is the second art space (after the MAXII Museum in Rome) where Zaha Hadid Architects worked on the melding of both old and new elements. Zaha Hadid's Magazine extension on the original Grade II building was aided by the reinstatement of the building to an historic arrangement as a free-standing pavilion within an enclosure, with the former courtyards covered. The North Gallery extension features Hadid's distinct hallmark of curves, and houses a series of skylights which welcome natural light into the space as well as retractable blinds when less light is needed. Hadid also worked in collaboration with architect and heritage specialist Liam O'Connor, whose reconstructions and conversions of the original space were designed in consultation with English Heritage and Westminster City Council. The extension houses internal exhibition spaces as well as the museum shop and offices for the curatorial team.

Innovation Tower, Hong Kong Polytechnic University (2007–2014)

The Innovation Tower in Hong Kong (2007–2014) is part of Hong Kong Polytechnic University. The building of 15 floors has 15,000 square metres of space, with laboratories, classrooms, studios and other facilities for 1,800 students and their faculty. It was built on the site of the university's former football pitch. The extremely complex forms of the building required computer modelling. Early designs experimented with a facade made of reinforced plastic, textiles or aluminium, but Hadid finally settled upon metal panels with multiple layers. The building seems to lean towards the city. The floors inside are visible from the exterior like geological strata.

Wangjing SOHO Tower, Beijing (2009–2014)

Wangjing SOHO tower in Beijing is the second building Hadid designed for the major Chinese property developer, located half-way between the centre of Beijing and the airport. The towers slope and curve; Hadid compared them to Chinese fans, "whose volumes turn one around the other in a complex ballet." The tallest building is 200 metres high, with two levels of shops and 37 levels of offices. A single atrium level three storeys high joins the three buildings at the base.

Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre (2012–2015)

The Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre are two skyscrapers in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China. Tower 1 is 314.5 metres (1,032 ft) tall and Tower 2 is 255 metres (837 ft). Construction began in 2012 and ended in 2015.

Port Authority, Antwerp, Belgium (2016)

Of all her works, Hadid designed only one government building, the Port Authority Building, or Havenhuis, in Antwerp, Belgium, completed in 2016. Most new government buildings attempt to express solidity and seriousness, but Port Authority, a ship-like structure of glass and steel on a white concrete perch, seems to have landed atop the old port building constructed in 1922. The faceted glass structure also resembles a diamond, a symbol of Antwerp's role as the major market of diamonds in Europe. It was one of the last works of Hadid, who died in 2016, the year it opened. The square in front of the building was renamed to Zaha Hadidplein (Zaha Hadidsquare) to honor her death.

The grave of Zaha Hadid (centre) in Brookwood Cemetery

On 31 March 2016, Hadid died of a heart attack at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Miami, where she was being treated for bronchitis. She was 65 years old.

The statement issued by her London-based design studio announcing her death read: "Zaha Hadid was widely regarded to be the greatest female architect in the world today". She is buried between her father Mohammed Hadid and brother Foulath Hadid in Brookwood Cemetery in Brookwood, Surrey, England. In her will she left £67m, and bequeathed various amounts to her business partner and family members. Her international design businesses, which accounted for the bulk of her wealth, were left in trust.

Salerno Maritime Terminal in Salerno, Italy (2000–2016)

The first major project to be completed shortly after her death was the Salerno Maritime Terminal in Salerno, Italy, her first major transportation building. She won the competition for the building in 2000, but then the project was delayed due to funding and technical issues. Hadid scouted the site from a police boat in the harbour to visualise how it would appear from the water. The final building covers 50,000 square feet and cost 15 million Euros. Paola Cattarin, the project architect who completed the building after Hadid's death, said, "We thought of the building as an oyster, with a hard shell top and bottom, and a softer, liquid, more organic interior." At the opening of the new building, posters of Hadid were placed around the city, saying, "Goodbye Zaha Hadid; Genius and Modernity, Inspiration and Transformation, Light That Takes Shape."

Scorpion Tower of Miami

The Scorpion Tower of Miami, now known as One Thousand Museum, was started while Hadid was still alive though currently undergoing completion posthumously. It is noted by its curved external columns standing the full length of the building. Its twin Scorpion Tower has also been built in Dubai.

Skyscraper re-purposing of 666 Fifth Avenue (2015–incomplete)

On 25 March 2017, Kam Dhillon reported a yet-to-be completed skyscraper design designed by Hadid prior to her death in 2016 in an article titled "Zaha Hadid Architects Unveils Monumental Skyscraper Project for NYC".

Grand Théatre de Rabat (2014–incomplete)

A futuristic building, faithful to the imprint of the architect, which should host the biggest cultural events of the Moroccan capital. The works, launched in October 2014, are still in progress. This project consists of a large multipurpose room, which has 1822 seats and can accommodate different types of shows. For each artistic presentation with specific acoustics needs, the theater will be equipped with adjustable systems. The theater also has a small modular room with 127 seats, a restaurant with panoramic views, shops, cafes and a bookstore.

Beijing Daxing International Airport, China

The Beijing Daxing International Airport opened in September 2019.

Sky Park Residence, Bratislava, Slovakia

The complex of three 31-storey residential towers neighbouring Bratislava city centre is still under construction. Part of the construction area includes a preserved historical waterworks building designed by one of the most influential Slovak architects of early 20th century – Dušan Jurkovič.

In the 1990s, she held the Sullivan Chair professorship at the University of Illinois at Chicago's School of Architecture. At various times, she served as guest professor at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg (HFBK Hamburg), the Knowlton School of Architecture at Ohio State University, the Masters Studio at Columbia University, and was the Eero Saarinen Visiting Professor of Architectural Design at the Yale School of Architecture. From 2000, Hadid was a guest professor at the Institute of Architecture at the University of Applied Arts Vienna, in the Zaha Hadid Master Class Vertical-Studio.

Hadid's fluid interior of the Silken Puerta America in Madrid

Hadid also undertook some high-profile interior work, including the Mind Zone at the Millennium Dome in London as well as creating fluid furniture installations within the Georgian surroundings of Home House private members club in Marylebone, and the Z.CAR hydrogen-powered, three-wheeled automobile. In 2009 she worked with the clothing brand Lacoste to create a new, high fashion, and advanced boot. In the same year, she also collaborated with the brassware manufacturer Triflow Concepts to produce two new designs in her signature parametric architectural style.

In 2007, Hadid designed Dune Formations for David Gill Gallery and the Moon System Sofa for leading Italian furniture manufacturer B&B Italia.

In 2013, Hadid designed Liquid Glacial for David Gill Gallery which comprises a series of tables resembling ice-formations made from clear and coloured acrylic. Their design embeds surface complexity and refraction within a powerful fluid dynamic. The collection was further extended in 2015–2016. In 2016 the gallery launched Zaha's final collection of furniture entitled UltraStellar

Hadid established an architectural firm named Zaha Hadid Architects in New York. One of the notable buildings designed by this agency is the boutique pavilion of Il Makiage.

Following her death in March 2016, Michael Kimmelman of The New York Times wrote: "her soaring structures left a mark on skylines and imaginations and in the process re-shaped architecture for the modern age...Her buildings elevated uncertainty to an art, conveyed in the odd way of one entered and moved through these buildings and in the questions that her structures raised about how they were supported ... Hadid embodied, in its profligacy and promise, the era of so-called starchitects who roamed the planet in pursuit of their own creative genius, offering miracles, occasionally delivering." She is quoted as saying "I don't make nice little buildings".

Deyan Sudjic of The Guardian described Hadid as "an architect who first imagined, then proved, that space could work in radical new ways ... Throughout her career, she was a dedicated teacher, enthused by the energy of the young. She was not keen to be characterised as a woman architect, or an Arab architect. She was simply an architect."

In an interview published in Icon magazine, she said: "I never use the issue about being a woman architect ... but if it helps younger people to know they can break through the glass ceiling, I don't mind that." However, she admitted that she never really felt a part of the male-dominant architecture "establishment". She once said "As a woman in architect you're always an outsider. It's OK, I like being on the edge.'

Sometimes called the "Queen of the curve", Hadid was frequently described in the press as the world's top female architect. although her work also attracted criticism. The Metropolitan Museum in New York cited her "unconventional buildings that seem to defy the logic of construction". Her architectural language was described as "famously extravagant" and she was accused of building "dictator states". Architect Sean Griffiths characterised Hadid's work as "an empty vessel that sucks in whatever ideology might be in proximity to it".

Qatar controversy

As the architect of a stadium to be used for the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar, Hadid was accused in The New York Review of Books of giving an interview in which she allegedly showed no concern for the deaths of migrant workers in Qatar involved in the project. In August 2014, Hadid sued The New York Review of Books for defamation and won. Immediately thereafter, the reviewer and author of the piece in which she was accused of showing no concern issued a retraction in which he said "work did not begin on the site for the Al Wakrah stadium, until two months after Ms Hadid made those comments; and construction is not scheduled to begin until 2015 ... There have been no worker deaths on the Al Wakrah project and Ms Hadid's comments about Qatar that I quoted in the review had nothing to do with the Al Wakrah site or any of her projects. I regret the error."

Beijing Daxing International Airport by Zaha Hadid

The architectural style of Hadid is not easily categorised, and she did not describe herself as a follower of any one style or school. Nonetheless, before she had built a single major building, she was categorised by the Metropolitan Museum of Art as a major figure in architectural Deconstructivism. Her work was also described as an example of neo-futurism and parametricism. An article profiling Hadid in the New Yorker magazine was titled "The Abstractionist".

At the time when technology was integrating into design, Zaha accepted the use of technology but still continued to hand draw her buildings and make models of the designs. This was because she did not want to limit herself and her designs to only to what the computer could do.

Through her design style, she paints the conceptual designs of her many projects in fluid and geometrical forms where "Zaha Hadid's work took shape." These would be large paintings that would aspire towards her design process and "rational nature of her construction, the drawings pulled the parts and pieces apart, exploding its site and programme."

When she was awarded the Pritzker Prize in 2004, the jury chairman, Lord Rothschild, commented: "At the same time as her theoretical and academic work, as a practising architect, Zaha Hadid has been unswerving in her commitment to modernism. Always inventive, she's moved away from existing typology, from high tech, and has shifted the geometry of buildings."

The Design Museum described her work in 2016 as having "the highly expressive, sweeping fluid forms of multiple perspective points and fragmented geometry that evoke the chaos and flux of modern life".

Hadid herself, who often used dense architectural jargon, could also describe the essence of her style very simply: "The idea is not to have any 90-degree angles. In the beginning, there was the diagonal. The diagonal comes from the idea of the explosion which "re-forms" the space. This was an important discovery."

Hadid was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2002 Birthday Honours and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to architecture.

Hadid was named an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and an honorary fellow of the American Institute of Architects. She was on the board of trustees of The Architecture Foundation.

In 2002, Hadid won the international design competition to design Singapore's one-north master plan. In 2004, Hadid became the first female recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize. In 2005, her design won the competition for the new city casino of Basel, Switzerland and she was elected as a Royal Academician. In 2006, she was honoured with a retrospective spanning her entire work at the Guggenheim Museum in New York; that year she also received an Honorary Degree from the American University of Beirut.

In 2008, she was ranked 69th on the Forbes list of "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". In 2010, she was named by Time as an influential thinker in the 2010 TIME 100 issue. In September 2010 the New Statesman listed Zaha Hadid at number 42 in its annual survey of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures of 2010".

In 2013, she was assessed as one of the 100 most powerful women in the UK by Woman's Hour on BBC Radio 4. In 2014, 2015 and 2016, Hadid appeared on Debrett's list of the most influential people in the UK. In January 2015, she was nominated for the Services to Science and Engineering award at the British Muslim Awards.

She won the Stirling Prize, the UK's most prestigious award for architecture, two years running: in 2010, for one of her most celebrated works, the MAXXI in Rome, and in 2011 for the Evelyn Grace Academy, a Z‑shaped school in Brixton, London. She also designed the Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park in Seoul, South Korea, which was the centrepiece of the festivities for the city's designation as World Design Capital 2010. In 2014, the Heydar Aliyev Cultural Centre, designed by her, won the Design Museum Design of the Year Award, making her the first woman to win the top prize in that competition. In 2015, she became the first woman to receive the Royal Gold Medal awarded by the Royal Institute of British Architects.

In 2016 in Antwerp, Belgium a square was named after her, Zaha Hadidplein, in front of the extension of the Antwerp Harbour House designed by Zaha Hadid.

Google celebrated her achievements with a Doodle on 31 May 2017, to commemorate the date (in 2004) on which Hadid became the first woman to win the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize.

Her architectural design firm, Zaha Hadid Architects, employs 400 people and its headquarters are in a Victorian former-school building in Clerkenwell, London.

Conceptual projects

  • Malevich's Tektonik (1976–77), London, UK
  • Museum of the nineteenth century (1977–78), London, UK
  • Dutch Parliament Extension (1978–79), The Hague, Netherlands
  • Irish Prime Minister's Residence (1979–80), Dublin, Ireland
  • Hafenstraße Development (1989), Hamburg, Germany
  • Cardiff Bay Opera House (1995), Cardiff, Wales – not realised
  • Price Tower the extension hybrid project (2002), Bartlesville, Oklahoma, United States – pending
  • Signature Towers (2006)
  • Kartal-Pendik Masterplan (2006), Istanbul, Turkey
  • Bahrain International Circuit (2007), Sakhir, Bahrain
  • Surfers Paradise Transit Centre Site (2007), Surfers Paradise, Queensland, Australia

Completed projects (selection)

Incomplete projects

Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum in 2008. In 2010, commissioned by the Iraqi government to design the new building for the Central Bank of Iraq. An agreement to complete the design stages of the new CBI building was finalised on 2 February 2012, at a ceremony in London. This was her first project in her native Iraq. In 2012, Hadid won an international competition to design a new National Olympic Stadium as part of the successful bid by Tokyo to host the 2020 Summer Olympics. As the estimated cost of the construction mounted, however, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe announced in July 2015 that Hadid's design would be scrapped in favour of a new bidding process to seek a less expensive alternative. Hadid had planned to enter the new competition, but her firm was unable to meet the new requirement of finding a construction company with which to partner.

Non-architectural work

Museum exhibitions

  • 1978 – Guggenheim Museum, New York
  • 1983 – Retrospective at the Architectural Association, London
  • 1985 – GA Gallery, Tokyo
  • 1988 – Deconstructivist Architecture show at Museum of Modern Art, New York
  • 1995 – Graduate School of Design at Harvard University
  • 1997 – San Francisco MoMA
  • 2000 – British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale
  • 2001 – Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg
  • 2002 – (10 May – 11 August) – Centro nazionale per le arti contemporanee, Rome
  • 2003 – (4 May – 17 August) – MAK – Museum für angewandte Kunst (Museum of Applied Arts) in Vienna
  • 2006 – (3 June – 25 October) – Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
  • 2006 – (1 June – 29 July) – Ma10 Mx Protetch Gallery, Chelsea, New York
  • 2007 – (29 June – 25 November) – Design Museum, London
  • 2007 – Dune Formations with David Gill Gallery – Venice Biennale
  • 2011/12 – (20 September – 25 March) – Zaha Hadid: Form in Motion at the Philadelphia Museum of Art
  • 2012 – Liquid Glacial – David Gill Gallery, London
  • 2013 – (29 June – 29 September) – Zaha Hadid: World Architecture at the Danish Architecture Centre
  • 2015 – (27 June – 27 September) – Zaha Hadid at the State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Other work

  • Nightlife (1999). Zaha Hadid designed the stage set for the Pet Shop Boys' world tour.
  • A Day with Zaha Hadid (2004). A 52-minute documentary where Zaha Hadid discusses her current work while taking the camera through her retrospective exhibition "Zaha Hadid has Arrived". Directed by Michael Blackwood.
  • In October 2008, she guest-edited Wallpaper magazine.
  • On 2 January 2009, she was the guest editor of the BBC's flagship morning radio news programme, Today.
  • Taschen, Aurelia and Balthazar (2016). L'Architecture Moderne de A à Z (in French). Bibliotheca Universalis. ISBN 978-3-8365-5630-9.
  • Fontana-Giusti, Gordana and Schumacher, Patrik. (2004). Complete Works of Zaha Hadid, 4 volumes, Thames and Hudson, Rizzoli, published in English, translated into German and Spanish. ISBN 0-500-34200-8
  • Jodidio, Philip (2016). Zaha Hadid (in French). Taschen. ISBN 978-3-8365-3626-4.
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  48. Peter Cook (20 December 2013). "Zaha Hadid's Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku is a shock to the system". Retrieved22 December 2018.
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  61. Review by Joseph Giovannini, New York Times, 26 April 2016.
  62. Scorpion Tower University of Utah. February 2018.
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  73. "Boutique Pavilion by Zaha Hadid Architects For Cosmetics Label Il Makiage Opens in New York City". ArchDaily. 8 June 2018.
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Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Zaha hadid For the architectural firm see Zaha Hadid Architects Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid DBE RA Arabic زها حديد Zaha Ḥadid 31 October 1950 31 March 2016 was a Iraqi architect artist and designer recognised as a major figure in architecture of the late 20th and early 21st centuries Born in Baghdad Iraq Hadid studied mathematics as an undergraduate and then enrolled at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in 1972 In search of an alternative system to traditional architectural drawing and influenced by Suprematism and the Russian avant garde Hadid adopted painting as a design tool and abstraction as an investigative principle to reinvestigate the aborted and untested experiments of Modernism to unveil new fields of building 1 Dame Zaha Hadid DBE RAHadid at the Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center November 2013BornZaha Mohammad Hadid 1950 10 31 31 October 1950 Baghdad Kingdom of IraqDied31 March 2016 2016 03 31 aged 65 Miami Florida U S NationalityIraq United KingdomAlma materAmerican University of Beirut Architectural Association School of ArchitectureOccupationArchitectParent s Mohammed Hadid Wajeeha SabonjiPracticeZaha Hadid ArchitectsBuildingsVitra Fire Station MAXXI Bridge Pavilion Contemporary Arts Center Heydar Aliyev Center Riverside MuseumWebsitewww wbr zaha hadid wbr com She was described by The Guardian as the Queen of the curve 2 who liberated architectural geometry giving it a whole new expressive identity 3 Her major works include the London Aquatics Centre for the 2012 Olympics the Broad Art Museum Rome s MAXXI Museum and the Guangzhou Opera House 4 Some of her awards have been presented posthumously including the statuette for the 2017 Brit Awards Several of her buildings were still under construction at the time of her death including the Daxing International Airport in Beijing and the Al Wakrah Stadium in Qatar a venue for the 2022 FIFA World Cup 5 6 7 Hadid was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2004 8 She received the UK s most prestigious architectural award the Stirling Prize in 2010 and 2011 In 2012 she was made a Dame by Elizabeth II for services to architecture and in February 2016 the month preceding her death 9 she became the first woman to be individually awarded the Royal Gold Medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects Ray Eames and Sheila O Donnell had previously been awarded it jointly with Charles Eames and John Tuomey respectively 10 11 Contents 1 Early life academic career and family 2 Early buildings 1991 2005 2 1 Vitra Fire Station 1991 1993 2 2 Bergisel Ski Jump 1999 2002 2 3 Contemporary Arts Center Cincinnati 1997 2000 2 4 Phaeno Science Center 2000 2005 2 5 Ordrupgaard Museum extension 2001 2005 2 6 BMW Administration Building 2001 2005 3 Major projects 2006 2010 3 1 Zaragoza Bridge Pavilion 2005 2008 3 2 Sheikh Zayed Bridge 1997 2010 3 3 National Museum of Arts of the 21st Century MAXXI Rome Italy 1998 2010 3 4 Guangzhou Opera House 2003 2010 4 Major projects 2011 2012 4 1 Riverside Museum Glasgow Scotland 2004 2011 4 2 London Olympics Aquatics Centre 2005 2011 4 3 Broad Art Museum Michigan State University East Lansing Michigan US 2007 2012 4 4 Galaxy SOHO Beijing China 2008 2012 5 Last completed major projects 2013 2016 5 1 Heydar Aliyev Center Baku Azerbaijan 2007 2013 5 2 Dongdaemun Design Plaza Seoul Korea 2007 2013 5 3 Library and Learning Center Vienna University of Economics and Business Vienna Austria 2008 2013 5 4 Serpentine Sackler North Gallery Kensington Gardens London UK 2009 2013 5 5 Innovation Tower Hong Kong Polytechnic University 2007 2014 5 6 Wangjing SOHO Tower Beijing 2009 2014 5 7 Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre 2012 2015 5 8 Port Authority Antwerp Belgium 2016 6 Death 7 Posthumous major projects 2016 present 7 1 Salerno Maritime Terminal in Salerno Italy 2000 2016 7 2 Scorpion Tower of Miami 7 3 Skyscraper re purposing of 666 Fifth Avenue 2015 incomplete 7 4 Grand Theatre de Rabat 2014 incomplete 7 5 Beijing Daxing International Airport China 7 6 Sky Park Residence Bratislava Slovakia 8 Teaching 9 Interior architecture and product design 10 Architectural firm 11 Reputation 11 1 Qatar controversy 12 Style 13 Awards and honours 14 List of architectural works 14 1 Conceptual projects 14 2 Completed projects selection 14 2 1 Incomplete projects 14 3 Non architectural work 14 3 1 Museum exhibitions 14 3 2 Other work 15 See also 16 Bibliography 17 References 18 External linksEarly life academic career and family EditZaha Hadid was born on 31 October 1950 in Baghdad Iraq to an upper class Iraqi family 12 Her father Muhammad al Hajj Husayn Hadid was a wealthy industrialist from Mosul He co founded the left liberal al Ahali group in 1932 a significant political organisation in the 1930s and 1940s 12 He was the co founder of the National Democratic Party in Iraq 12 and served as minister of finance after the overthrow of the monarch after the 1958 Iraqi coup d etat for the government of General Abd al Karim Qasim Her mother Wajiha al Sabunji was an artist from Mosul 13 while her brother Foulath Hadid was a writer accountant and expert on Arab affairs 14 Hadid once mentioned in an interview how her early childhood trips to the ancient Sumerian cities in southern Iraq sparked her interest in architecture In the 1960s Hadid attended boarding schools in England and Switzerland 15 16 17 Hadid studied mathematics at the American University of Beirut before moving in 1972 to London to study at the Architectural Association School of Architecture 13 There she studied with Rem Koolhaas Elia Zenghelis and Bernard Tschumi 12 Her former professor Koolhaas described her at graduation as a planet in her own orbit 12 Zenghelis described her as the most outstanding pupil he ever taught We called her the inventor of the 89 degrees Nothing was ever at 90 degrees She had spectacular vision All the buildings were exploding into tiny little pieces He recalled that she was less interested in details such as staircases The way she drew a staircase you would smash your head against the ceiling and the space was reducing and reducing and you would end up in the upper corner of the ceiling She couldn t care about tiny details Her mind was on the broader pictures when it came to the joinery she knew we could fix that later She was right 12 Her AA graduation thesis Malevich s Tektonik was a concept and design for a 14 level hotel on London s Hungerford Bridge executed as an acrylic painting inspired by the works of the Russian suprematist artist Kazimir Malevich 18 After graduation in 1977 she went to work for her former professors Koolhaas and Zenghelis at the Office for Metropolitan Architecture in Rotterdam the Netherlands 19 Through her association with Koolhaas she met the architectural engineer Peter Rice who gave her support and encouragement during the early stages of her career 12 17 Hadid became a naturalised citizen of the United Kingdom 13 20 She opened her own architectural firm Zaha Hadid Architects in London in 1980 21 During the early 1980s Hadid s style introduced audiences to a new modern architecture style through her extremely detailed and professional sketches At the time people were focused on postmodernism designs so her designs were a different approach to architecture that set her apart from other designers 17 She then began her career teaching architecture first at the Architectural Association then over the years at Harvard Graduate School of Design Cambridge University the University of Chicago the Hochschule fur bildende Kunste in Hamburg the University of Illinois at Chicago and Columbia University She earned her early reputation with her lecturing and colourful and radical early designs and projects which were widely published in architectural journals but remained largely unbuilt Her ambitious but unbuilt projects included a plan for Peak in Hong Kong 1983 and a plan for an opera house in Cardiff Wales 1994 The Cardiff experience was particularly discouraging her design was chosen as the best by the competition jury but the Welsh government refused to pay for it and the commission was given to a different and less ambitious architect 22 Her reputation in this period rested largely upon her teaching and the imaginative and colourful paintings she made of her proposed buildings Her international reputation was greatly enhanced in 1988 when she was chosen to show her drawings and paintings as one of seven architects chosen to participate in the exhibition Deconstructivism in Architecture curated by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley at New York s Museum of Modern Art 4 23 This a conference at the Tate in London and press coverage of her work began to not only get her name out into the architecture world but allowed people to associate a particular style of architecture with Hadid 17 Early buildings 1991 2005 Edit Vitra Fire Station in Weil am Rhein Germany 1991 93 Bergisel Ski Jump Innsbruck Austria 1999 2002 Contemporary Arts Center Cincinnati Ohio 1997 2003 Phaeno Science Center Wolfsburg Germany 2005 Phaeno Science Center interior Administration building of BMW Factory in Leipzig Germany 2001 2005 Extension of Ordrupgaard Museum Copenhagen Denmark 2001 2005 Vitra Fire Station 1991 1993 Edit One of her first clients was Rolf Fehlbaum the president director general of the Swiss furniture firm Vitra and later from 2004 to 2010 a member of the jury for the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize In 1989 Fehlbaum had invited Frank Gehry then little known to build a design museum at the Vitra factory in Weil am Rhein In 1993 he invited Hadid to design a small fire station for the factory Her radical design made of raw concrete and glass was a sculptural work composed of sharp diagonal forms colliding together in the centre The design plans appeared in architecture magazines before construction When completed it only served as a fire station for a short period of time as Weil am Rhein soon opened their own fire station It became an exhibit space instead and is now on display with the works of Gehry and other well known architects It was the launching pad of her architectural career 23 Bergisel Ski Jump 1999 2002 Edit Hadid designed a public housing estate in Berlin 1986 1993 and organised an exhibition The Great Utopia 1992 at the Guggenheim Museum in New York Her next major project was a ski jump at Bergisel in Innsbruck Austria The old ski jump built in 1926 had been used in the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics The new structure was to contain not only a ski jump but also a cafe with 150 seats offering a 360 degree view of the mountains Hadid had to fight against traditionalists and against time the project had to be completed in one year before the next international competition Her design is 48 metres high and rests on a base seven metres by seven metres She described it as an organic hybrid a cross between a bridge and a tower which by its form gives a sense of movement and speed 24 Contemporary Arts Center Cincinnati 1997 2000 Edit At the end of the 1990s her career began to gather momentum as she won commissions for two museums and a large industrial building She competed against Rem Koolhaas and other well known architects for the design of the Contemporary Arts Center in Cincinnati Ohio 1997 2000 She won and became the first woman to design an art museum in the United States At 8 500 square metres the museum was not huge and her design did not have the flamboyance of the Guggenheim Bilbao of Frank Gehry built at the same time But the project demonstrated Hadid s ability to use architectural forms to create interior drama including its central element a 30 metre long black stairway that passes between massive curving and angular concrete walls 25 Phaeno Science Center 2000 2005 Edit In 2000 she won an international competition for the Phaeno Science Center 26 in Wolfsburg Germany 2002 2005 The new museum was only a little larger than the Cincinnati Museum with 9 000 square metres of space but the plan was much more ambitious It was similar in concept to the buildings of Le Corbusier raised up seven metres on concrete pylons Unlike Corbusier s buildings she planned for the space under the building to be filled with activity and each of the 10 massive inverted cone shaped columns that hold up the building contains a cafe a shop or a museum entrance The tilting columns reach up through the building and also support the roof The museum structure resembles an enormous ship with sloping walls and asymmetric scatterings of windows and the interior with its angular columns and exposed steel roof framework gives the illusion of being inside a working vessel or laboratory 27 Ordrupgaard Museum extension 2001 2005 Edit In 2001 she began another museum project an extension of the Ordrupgaard Museum near Copenhagen Denmark a museum featuring a collection of 19th century French and Danish art in the 19th century mansion of its collector The new building is 87 metres long and 20 metres wide and is connected by a five metre wide passage to the old museum There are no right angles only diagonals in the concrete shell of the museum The floor to ceiling glass walls of the gallery make the garden the backdrop of the exhibits 27 BMW Administration Building 2001 2005 Edit In 2002 she won the competition to design a new administrative building for the factory of the auto manufacturer BMW in Leipzig Germany The three assembly buildings adjoining it were designed by other architects her building served as the entrance and what she called the nerve centre of the complex As with the Phaeno Science Center the building is hoisted above street level on leaning concrete pylons The interior contains a series of levels and floors which seem to cascade sheltered by tilting concrete beams and a roof supported by steel beams in the shape of an H The open interior inside was intended she wrote to avoid the traditional segregation of working groups and to show the global transparence of the internal organisation of the enterprise and wrote that she had given particular attention to the parking lot in front of the building with the intent she wrote of transforming it into a dynamic spectacle of its own 28 In 2004 she won the Pritzker Architecture Prize the most prestigious award in architecture though she had only completed four buildings the Vitra Fire Station the Ski Lift in Innsbruck Austria the Car Park and Terminus Hoenheim North in France and the Contemporary Art Center in Cincinnati 29 In making the announcement Thomas Pritzker the head of the jury announced Although her body of work is relatively small she has achieved great acclaim and her energy and ideas show even greater promise for the future 30 Major projects 2006 2010 Edit Bridge Pavilion in Zaragoza Spain 2005 2008 MAXXI Interior Rome Italy 1998 2010 Guangzhou Opera House Guangzhou China 2003 2010 Zaragoza Bridge Pavilion 2005 2008 Edit Between 1997 and 2010 Hadid ventured into the engineers domain of bridge construction a field also occupied by other top architects including Norman Foster and Santiago Calatrava Between 2005 and 2008 she designed and built the Bridge Pavilion of Zaragoza which was both an exhibit hall and a bridge created for Expo 2008 an event on the themes of water and durable development The concrete bridge span on which the pavilion rests is 85 metres long measured from the Exposition site to an island in the Ebro River The bridge carries or is attached to four tunnel like exhibition spaces she termed pods which spread onto the island for a total length of 275 metres The pods are covered with a skin of 26 000 triangular shingles many of which open to let in air and light Like her other structures the bridge pavilion is composed entirely of diagonal slopes and curves with no right angles of orthogonal forms By its curving shape and low profile the bridge pavilion fits smoothly into the grassy landscape along the river 31 Sheikh Zayed Bridge 1997 2010 Edit Between 1997 and 2010 she constructed a much more ambitious bridge the Sheikh Zayed Bridge which honors Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan between the island of Abu Dhabi and the mainland of Abu Dhabi as well as to the Abu Dhabi International Airport Both the design of the bridge and the lighting 32 consisting of gradually changing colours were designed to give the impression of movement The silhouette of the bridge is a wave with a principal arch 235 metres long standing 60 metres above the water The total span of four lanes is 842 metres 2 762 feet long and also includes pedestrian walkways 33 National Museum of Arts of the 21st Century MAXXI Rome Italy 1998 2010 Edit The National Museum of Arts of the 21st Century MAXXI for short in Rome was designed and built between 1998 and 2010 The main theme of its architecture is the sense of movement Everything in the structure seems to be moving and flowing Hadid took inspiration from the surrounding orthogonal site grids to determine the overall form The facade belongs to her earlier period with smooth curving white walls and an austere black and white colour scheme The building is perched on groups of five very thin pylons and one gallery with a glass face precariously overhangs the plaza in front of the museum creating shade 34 Rowan Moore of The Guardian of London described its form as bending oblong tubes overlapping intersecting and piling over each other The imagery is of flow and movement and it resembles a demented piece of transport architecture Inside black steel stairs and bridges their undersides glowing with white light fly across a void They take you off to the galleries which are themselves works of frozen motion The design is intended to generate what Hadid called confluence interference and turbulence 35 Guangzhou Opera House 2003 2010 Edit In 2002 Hadid won an international competition for her first project in China The Guangzhou Opera House is located in a new business district of the city with a new 103 storey glass tower behind it It covers 70 000 square metres and was built at cost of US 300 million The complex comprises an 1 800 seat theatre a multipurpose theatre entry hall and salon A covered pathway with restaurants and shops separates the two main structures This building like several of her later buildings was inspired by natural earth forms the architect herself referred to it as the two pebbles It appears akin to two giant smooth edged boulders faced with 75 000 panels of polished granite and glass 36 Edwin Heathcote writing for the Financial Times noted Hadid s concentration on how her design could transform the urban landscape of Guangzhou as the building rose as the centre of the new business area He wrote in 2011 that Hadid produced a building that seems to suck the surrounding landscape into a vortex of movement and swirling space appears both as alien object in a landscape of incomprehensible vastness and often overwhelming banality and as an extrusion of the peculiar nature of this landscape 37 Nicolai Ourousoff architecture critic of the New York Times wrote that stepping into the main hall is like entering the soft insides of an oyster The concave ceiling is pierced by thousands of little lights it looks like you re sitting under the dome of a clear night sky Ourousoff noted that the finished building had construction problems many of the granite tiles on the exterior had to be replaced and the plaster and other interior work was poorly done by the inexperienced workers but he praised Hadid s ability to convey a sense of bodies in motion and called the building a Chinese gem that elevates its setting 38 Major projects 2011 2012 Edit Riverside Museum Glasgow Scotland 2004 2011 London Aquatics Centre built for the 2012 Summer Olympics London 2005 2012 Broad Art Museum in East Lansing Michigan US 2007 2012 Galaxy SOHO in Beijing China 2008 2012 Riverside Museum Glasgow Scotland 2004 2011 Edit Roof of the Riverside Museum The Riverside Museum 2004 2011 on the banks of the River Clyde Glasgow Scotland houses the Glasgow Museum of Transport Hadid described the 10 000 square metre building with 7 000 square metres of gallery space as a wave folds in movement and a shed in the form of a tunnel open at the extreme ends one end toward the city and the other toward the Clyde 39 Like many of her buildings the whole form is only perceived when viewed from above The facades are covered with zinc plates and the roofline has a series of peaks and angles The interior galleries caused some controversy visitors who came to see the collection of historic automobiles found that they are mounted on the walls high overhead so it is impossible to look into them Rowan Moore of The Guardian of London wrote Obviously the space is about movement Outside it is typologically a supermarket being a big thing in a parking lot that is seeking to attract you in It has enigma and majesty but not friendliness 40 London Olympics Aquatics Centre 2005 2011 Edit Hadid described her Aquatics Centre for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London as inspired by the fluid geometry of water in movement 41 The building covers three swimming pools and seats 17 500 spectators at the two main pools The roof made of steel and aluminium and covered with wood on the inside rests on just three supports it is in the form of a parabolic arch that dips in the centre with the two pools at either end The seats are placed in bays beside the curving and outward leaning walls of glass At 269 million the complex cost three times the original estimate owing principally to the complexity of the roof This was the subject of much comment when it was constructed and it was the first 2012 Olympic building begun but the last to be finished It was praised by architecture critics Rowan Moore of The Guardian said that the roof floats and undulates and called the centre the Olympics most majestic space 42 Broad Art Museum Michigan State University East Lansing Michigan US 2007 2012 Edit The Broad Art Museum at Michigan State University in East Lansing Michigan Hadid s second project in the United States has a space of 4 274 square metres dedicated to contemporary art and modern art and an historical collection The parallelogram shaped building leans sharply and seems about to tip over Hadid wrote that she designed the building so that its sloping pleated stainless steel facades would reflect the surrounding neighbourhood from different angles the building continually changes colour depending upon the weather the time of day and the angle of the sun As Hadid commented the building awakens curiosity without ever truly revealing its contents 43 Elaine Glusac of The New York Times wrote that the architecture of the new museum radicalizes the streetscape 44 The Museum was used in a scene of the 2016 Batman vs Superman movie 45 Galaxy SOHO Beijing China 2008 2012 Edit Many of Hadid s later major works are found in Asia The Galaxy SOHO in Beijing China 2008 2012 is a combination of offices and a commercial centre in the heart of Beijing with a total of 332 857 square metres composed of four different ovoid glass capped buildings joined together by multiple curving passageways on different levels Hadid explained the interior spaces follow the same coherent formal logic of continual curvilinearity The complex like most of her buildings gives the impression that every part of them is in motion 46 Last completed major projects 2013 2016 Edit Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku Azerbaijan 2007 2013 Auditorium of the Heydar Aliyev Center Vienna University of Economics and Business Library and Learning Center Vienna Austria 2013 Interior of the Vienna University of Economics and Business Library and Learning Center 2013 The Wangjing SOHO office complex in Beijing China 2009 2014 Dongdaemun Design Plaza Seoul Korea 2007 2013 Jockey Club Innovation Tower at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University 2007 2014 Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre 2015 Port Authority Building Havenhuis in Antwerp Belgium 2016 Heydar Aliyev Center Baku Azerbaijan 2007 2013 Edit The Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku Azerbaijan 2007 2013 is a gigantic cultural and conference centre containing three auditoriums a library and museum with a total space of 10 801 square metres on a surface of 15 514 square metres and a height of 74 metres Hadid wrote that its fluid form emerges from the folds of the natural topography of the landscape and envelops the different functions of the centre though the building when completed was largely surrounded by Soviet era apartment blocks 47 Peter Cook in Architectural Review called it a white vision outrageously total arrogantly complete a unique object that confounds and contradicts the reasonable a wave form sweeping up almost lunging into the sky here is architecture as the ultimate statement of theatre It is the most complete realisation yet of the Iraqi born architect s vision of sweeping curves and flowing space 48 Consisting of eight storeys the centre includes an auditorium with 1000 seats exhibition space conference hall workshop and a museum No straight line was used in the project of the complex The shape of the building is wave like and the overall view is unique and harmonic Such an architectural structure stands for post modernist architecture and forms oceanic feeling The lines of the building symbolise the merging of past and future While the building itself was widely praised Dame Zaha was criticized in many circles when she was awarded Britain s most prestigious prize in architecture the Design Museum Design of the Year the first woman to do so The building was named for the former ruler of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev and commissioned by his son Illham who became president after his father s death in 2003 Hugh Williamson director of Human Rights Watch for Europe and the Central Asian division called Aliyev an authoritarian leader and so is his son The former Soviet secret police general ruled for 30 years first as its Communist leader and then as its president Amnesty International accused him of human rights abuses balloting irregularities and intimidating the opposition while in power Several architecture critics who admired the work itself felt that Dame Zaha should have raised questions about this repressive leader even as she accepted the commission and other critics questioned the UK granting its most prestigious architecture award to a building which memorialized a vicious Soviet dictator 49 Dongdaemun Design Plaza Seoul Korea 2007 2013 Edit The Dongdaemun Design Plaza 2007 2013 is among the largest buildings in Seoul South Korea Its name means Great Gate of the East in reference to the old walls of the city The complex of 86 574 square metres contains exhibition space a museum of design conference rooms and other common facilities as well as the bureaux and a marketplace for designers which is open 24 hours a day The main building is 280 metres long with seven levels including three levels underground The smooth skinned giant mushroom like structure floating atop sloping pylons is made of concrete aluminium steel and stone on the exterior and finished inside with plaster reinforced with synthetic fibre acoustic tiles acrylic resin and stainless steel and polished stone on the interior Hadid wrote that the principal characteristics of her design were transparency porousness and durability It also features many ecological features including a double skin solar panels and a system for recycling water 50 Library and Learning Center Vienna University of Economics and Business Vienna Austria 2008 2013 Edit The Library and Learning Center was designed as the centrepiece of the new University of Economics in Vienna Containing 28 000 square metres of space its distinctive Hadid features include walls sloping at 35 degrees and massive black volume cantilevered at an angle over the plaza in front of the building She described the interior as follows The straight lines of the building s exterior separate as they move inward becoming curvilinear and fluid to generate a free formed interior canyon that serves as the principal public plaza of the Center as well as generating corridors and bridges ensuring smooth transitions between different levels 51 Serpentine Sackler North Gallery Kensington Gardens London UK 2009 2013 Edit The Serpentine Sackler Gallery is a synthesis of two distinct parts the 19th century classical brick structure named The Magazine a former gunpowder store and a 21st century tensile structure This is the second art space after the MAXII Museum in Rome where Zaha Hadid Architects worked on the melding of both old and new elements Zaha Hadid s Magazine extension on the original Grade II building was aided by the reinstatement of the building to an historic arrangement as a free standing pavilion within an enclosure with the former courtyards covered The North Gallery extension features Hadid s distinct hallmark of curves and houses a series of skylights which welcome natural light into the space as well as retractable blinds when less light is needed 52 Hadid also worked in collaboration with architect and heritage specialist Liam O Connor whose reconstructions and conversions of the original space were designed in consultation with English Heritage and Westminster City Council The extension houses internal exhibition spaces as well as the museum shop and offices for the curatorial team Innovation Tower Hong Kong Polytechnic University 2007 2014 Edit The Innovation Tower in Hong Kong 2007 2014 is part of Hong Kong Polytechnic University The building of 15 floors has 15 000 square metres of space with laboratories classrooms studios and other facilities for 1 800 students and their faculty It was built on the site of the university s former football pitch The extremely complex forms of the building required computer modelling Early designs experimented with a facade made of reinforced plastic textiles or aluminium but Hadid finally settled upon metal panels with multiple layers The building seems to lean towards the city The floors inside are visible from the exterior like geological strata 53 Wangjing SOHO Tower Beijing 2009 2014 Edit Wangjing SOHO tower in Beijing is the second building Hadid designed for the major Chinese property developer located half way between the centre of Beijing and the airport The towers slope and curve Hadid compared them to Chinese fans whose volumes turn one around the other in a complex ballet The tallest building is 200 metres high with two levels of shops and 37 levels of offices A single atrium level three storeys high joins the three buildings at the base 54 Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre 2012 2015 Edit The Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre are two skyscrapers in Nanjing Jiangsu China Tower 1 is 314 5 metres 1 032 ft tall and Tower 2 is 255 metres 837 ft Construction began in 2012 and ended in 2015 Port Authority Antwerp Belgium 2016 Edit Of all her works Hadid designed only one government building the Port Authority Building or Havenhuis in Antwerp Belgium completed in 2016 Most new government buildings attempt to express solidity and seriousness but Port Authority a ship like structure of glass and steel on a white concrete perch seems to have landed atop the old port building constructed in 1922 The faceted glass structure also resembles a diamond a symbol of Antwerp s role as the major market of diamonds in Europe It was one of the last works of Hadid who died in 2016 the year it opened The square in front of the building was renamed to Zaha Hadidplein Zaha Hadidsquare to honor her death Death Edit The grave of Zaha Hadid centre in Brookwood Cemetery On 31 March 2016 Hadid died of a heart attack at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Miami where she was being treated for bronchitis She was 65 years old 55 56 The statement issued by her London based design studio announcing her death read Zaha Hadid was widely regarded to be the greatest female architect in the world today 57 She is buried between her father Mohammed Hadid and brother Foulath Hadid in Brookwood Cemetery in Brookwood Surrey England 58 In her will she left 67m and bequeathed various amounts to her business partner and family members Her international design businesses which accounted for the bulk of her wealth were left in trust 59 60 Posthumous major projects 2016 present Edit Beijing Daxing Airport in Beijing 2019 Beijing Daxing Airport s interiorSalerno Maritime Terminal in Salerno Italy 2000 2016 Edit The first major project to be completed shortly after her death was the Salerno Maritime Terminal in Salerno Italy her first major transportation building She won the competition for the building in 2000 but then the project was delayed due to funding and technical issues Hadid scouted the site from a police boat in the harbour to visualise how it would appear from the water The final building covers 50 000 square feet and cost 15 million Euros Paola Cattarin the project architect who completed the building after Hadid s death said We thought of the building as an oyster with a hard shell top and bottom and a softer liquid more organic interior At the opening of the new building posters of Hadid were placed around the city saying Goodbye Zaha Hadid Genius and Modernity Inspiration and Transformation Light That Takes Shape 61 Scorpion Tower of Miami Edit The Scorpion Tower of Miami now known as One Thousand Museum was started while Hadid was still alive though currently undergoing completion posthumously It is noted by its curved external columns standing the full length of the building Its twin Scorpion Tower has also been built in Dubai 62 Skyscraper re purposing of 666 Fifth Avenue 2015 incomplete Edit On 25 March 2017 Kam Dhillon reported a yet to be completed skyscraper design designed by Hadid prior to her death in 2016 in an article titled Zaha Hadid Architects Unveils Monumental Skyscraper Project for NYC 63 Grand Theatre de Rabat 2014 incomplete Edit Main article Grand Theatre of Rabat A futuristic building faithful to the imprint of the architect which should host the biggest cultural events of the Moroccan capital The works launched in October 2014 are still in progress This project consists of a large multipurpose room which has 1822 seats and can accommodate different types of shows For each artistic presentation with specific acoustics needs the theater will be equipped with adjustable systems The theater also has a small modular room with 127 seats a restaurant with panoramic views shops cafes and a bookstore Beijing Daxing International Airport China Edit The Beijing Daxing International Airport opened in September 2019 64 Sky Park Residence Bratislava Slovakia Edit The complex of three 31 storey residential towers neighbouring Bratislava city centre is still under construction Part of the construction area includes a preserved historical waterworks building designed by one of the most influential Slovak architects of early 20th century Dusan Jurkovic Teaching EditIn the 1990s she held the Sullivan Chair professorship at the University of Illinois at Chicago s School of Architecture At various times she served as guest professor at the Hochschule fur bildende Kunste Hamburg HFBK Hamburg the Knowlton School of Architecture at Ohio State University the Masters Studio at Columbia University and was the Eero Saarinen Visiting Professor of Architectural Design at the Yale School of Architecture From 2000 Hadid was a guest professor at the Institute of Architecture at the University of Applied Arts Vienna in the Zaha Hadid Master Class Vertical Studio 65 Interior architecture and product design Edit Hadid s fluid interior of the Silken Puerta America in Madrid Hadid also undertook some high profile interior work including the Mind Zone at the Millennium Dome in London as well as creating fluid furniture installations within the Georgian surroundings of Home House private members club in Marylebone and the Z CAR hydrogen powered three wheeled automobile In 2009 she worked with the clothing brand Lacoste to create a new high fashion and advanced boot 66 67 In the same year she also collaborated with the brassware manufacturer Triflow Concepts to produce two new designs in her signature parametric architectural style 68 In 2007 Hadid designed Dune Formations for David Gill Gallery and the Moon System Sofa for leading Italian furniture manufacturer B amp B Italia 69 70 In 2013 Hadid designed Liquid Glacial for David Gill Gallery which comprises a series of tables resembling ice formations made from clear and coloured acrylic Their design embeds surface complexity and refraction within a powerful fluid dynamic 71 The collection was further extended in 2015 2016 In 2016 the gallery launched Zaha s final collection of furniture entitled UltraStellar 72 Architectural firm EditHadid established an architectural firm named Zaha Hadid Architects in New York One of the notable buildings designed by this agency is the boutique pavilion of Il Makiage 73 Reputation EditFollowing her death in March 2016 Michael Kimmelman of The New York Times wrote her soaring structures left a mark on skylines and imaginations and in the process re shaped architecture for the modern age Her buildings elevated uncertainty to an art conveyed in the odd way of one entered and moved through these buildings and in the questions that her structures raised about how they were supported Hadid embodied in its profligacy and promise the era of so called starchitects who roamed the planet in pursuit of their own creative genius offering miracles occasionally delivering 74 She is quoted as saying I don t make nice little buildings 75 Deyan Sudjic of The Guardian described Hadid as an architect who first imagined then proved that space could work in radical new ways Throughout her career she was a dedicated teacher enthused by the energy of the young She was not keen to be characterised as a woman architect or an Arab architect She was simply an architect 76 In an interview published in Icon magazine she said I never use the issue about being a woman architect but if it helps younger people to know they can break through the glass ceiling I don t mind that 11 However she admitted that she never really felt a part of the male dominant architecture establishment She once said As a woman in architect you re always an outsider It s OK I like being on the edge 17 Sometimes called the Queen of the curve Hadid was frequently described in the press as the world s top female architect 2 77 78 79 80 although her work also attracted criticism The Metropolitan Museum in New York cited her unconventional buildings that seem to defy the logic of construction 81 82 Her architectural language was described as famously extravagant and she was accused of building dictator states 83 Architect Sean Griffiths characterised Hadid s work as an empty vessel that sucks in whatever ideology might be in proximity to it 84 Qatar controversy Edit As the architect of a stadium to be used for the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar Hadid was accused in The New York Review of Books of giving an interview in which she allegedly showed no concern for the deaths of migrant workers in Qatar involved in the project In August 2014 Hadid sued The New York Review of Books for defamation and won 85 Immediately thereafter the reviewer and author of the piece in which she was accused of showing no concern issued a retraction in which he said work did not begin on the site for the Al Wakrah stadium until two months after Ms Hadid made those comments and construction is not scheduled to begin until 2015 There have been no worker deaths on the Al Wakrah project and Ms Hadid s comments about Qatar that I quoted in the review had nothing to do with the Al Wakrah site or any of her projects I regret the error 6 Style Edit Beijing Daxing International Airport by Zaha Hadid The architectural style of Hadid is not easily categorised and she did not describe herself as a follower of any one style or school Nonetheless before she had built a single major building she was categorised by the Metropolitan Museum of Art as a major figure in architectural Deconstructivism 86 Her work was also described as an example of neo futurism 87 88 and parametricism An article profiling Hadid in the New Yorker magazine was titled The Abstractionist 89 At the time when technology was integrating into design Zaha accepted the use of technology but still continued to hand draw her buildings and make models of the designs This was because she did not want to limit herself and her designs to only to what the computer could do 17 Through her design style she paints the conceptual designs of her many projects in fluid and geometrical forms where Zaha Hadid s work took shape 90 These would be large paintings that would aspire towards her design process and rational nature of her construction the drawings pulled the parts and pieces apart exploding its site and programme 90 When she was awarded the Pritzker Prize in 2004 the jury chairman Lord Rothschild commented At the same time as her theoretical and academic work as a practising architect Zaha Hadid has been unswerving in her commitment to modernism Always inventive she s moved away from existing typology from high tech and has shifted the geometry of buildings 30 The Design Museum described her work in 2016 as having the highly expressive sweeping fluid forms of multiple perspective points and fragmented geometry that evoke the chaos and flux of modern life 19 Hadid herself who often used dense architectural jargon could also describe the essence of her style very simply The idea is not to have any 90 degree angles In the beginning there was the diagonal The diagonal comes from the idea of the explosion which re forms the space This was an important discovery 91 Awards and honours EditHadid was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire CBE in the 2002 Birthday Honours and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire DBE in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to architecture 92 93 Hadid was named an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and an honorary fellow of the American Institute of Architects She was on the board of trustees of The Architecture Foundation 94 In 2002 Hadid won the international design competition to design Singapore s one north master plan In 2004 Hadid became the first female recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize 95 In 2005 her design won the competition for the new city casino of Basel Switzerland 96 and she was elected as a Royal Academician 97 In 2006 she was honoured with a retrospective spanning her entire work at the Guggenheim Museum in New York that year she also received an Honorary Degree from the American University of Beirut In 2008 she was ranked 69th on the Forbes list of The World s 100 Most Powerful Women 98 In 2010 she was named by Time as an influential thinker in the 2010 TIME 100 issue 99 In September 2010 the New Statesman listed Zaha Hadid at number 42 in its annual survey of The World s 50 Most Influential Figures of 2010 100 In 2013 she was assessed as one of the 100 most powerful women in the UK by Woman s Hour on BBC Radio 4 101 In 2014 2015 and 2016 Hadid appeared on Debrett s list of the most influential people in the UK 102 In January 2015 she was nominated for the Services to Science and Engineering award at the British Muslim Awards 103 She won the Stirling Prize the UK s most prestigious award for architecture two years running in 2010 for one of her most celebrated works the MAXXI in Rome 104 and in 2011 for the Evelyn Grace Academy a Z shaped school in Brixton London 105 She also designed the Dongdaemun Design Plaza amp Park in Seoul South Korea which was the centrepiece of the festivities for the city s designation as World Design Capital 2010 In 2014 the Heydar Aliyev Cultural Centre designed by her won the Design Museum Design of the Year Award making her the first woman to win the top prize in that competition 10 In 2015 she became the first woman to receive the Royal Gold Medal awarded by the Royal Institute of British Architects 106 107 In 2016 in Antwerp Belgium a square was named after her Zaha Hadidplein in front of the extension of the Antwerp Harbour House designed by Zaha Hadid Google celebrated her achievements with a Doodle on 31 May 2017 to commemorate the date in 2004 on which Hadid became the first woman to win the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize 108 1982 Gold Medal Architectural Design British Architecture for 59 Eaton Place London 1994 Erich Schelling Architecture Award 109 2001 Equerre d argent Prize special mention 110 2002 Austrian State Prize for Architecture for Bergiselschanze 2003 European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture for the Strasbourg tramway terminus and car park in Hoenheim France 2003 Commander of the Civil Division of the Order of the British Empire CBE for services to architecture 2004 Pritzker Prize 2005 Austrian Decoration for Science and Art 111 2005 German Architecture Prize for the central building of the BMW plant in Leipzig 2005 Designer of the Year Award for Design Miami 2005 RIBA European Award for BMW Central Building 112 2006 RIBA European Award for Phaeno Science Centre 26 113 2007 Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture 2008 RIBA European Award for Nordpark Cable Railway 113 2009 Praemium Imperiale 2010 RIBA European Award for MAXXI 114 2012 Jane Drew Prize for her outstanding contribution to the status of women in architecture 115 2012 Jury member for the awarding of the Pritzker Prize to Wang Shu in Los Angeles 2013 41st Winner of the Veuve Clicquot UK Business Woman Award 116 2013 Elected international member American Philosophical Society 117 She was also on the editorial board of the Encyclopaedia Britannica 118 List of architectural works Edit Maggie s Centre Kirkcaldy Scotland Evelyn Grace Academy London Main article List of works by Zaha Hadid Her architectural design firm Zaha Hadid Architects employs 400 people and its headquarters are in a Victorian former school building in Clerkenwell London 119 Conceptual projects Edit Malevich s Tektonik 1976 77 London UK Museum of the nineteenth century 1977 78 London UK Dutch Parliament Extension 1978 79 The Hague Netherlands Irish Prime Minister s Residence 1979 80 Dublin Ireland Hafenstrasse Development 1989 Hamburg Germany 90 Cardiff Bay Opera House 1995 Cardiff Wales not realised Price Tower the extension hybrid project 2002 Bartlesville Oklahoma United States pending Signature Towers 2006 Kartal Pendik Masterplan 2006 Istanbul Turkey Bahrain International Circuit 2007 Sakhir Bahrain Surfers Paradise Transit Centre Site 2007 Surfers Paradise Queensland AustraliaCompleted projects selection Edit Vitra Fire Station 1994 Weil am Rhein Germany Bergisel Ski Jump 2002 Innsbruck Austria Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art 2003 Cincinnati Ohio United States Hotel Puerta America 2003 2005 Madrid Spain BMW Central Building 2005 Leipzig Germany Ordrupgaard annexe 2005 Copenhagen Denmark Phaeno Science Center 26 2005 Wolfsburg Germany R Lopez De Heredia Wine Pavilion 2001 2006 Haro La Rioja Spain Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs at the American University of Beirut 2006 14 Beirut Lebanon Maggie s Centres at the Victoria Hospital 2006 Kirkcaldy Scotland Hungerburgbahn new stations 2007 Innsbruck Austria Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion 2006 08 worldwide Bridge Pavilion 2008 Zaragoza Spain Pierresvives 2002 12 Montpellier France MAXXI National Museum of the 21st Century Arts 1998 2010 Rome Italy 120 Stirling Prize 2010 winner Guangzhou Opera House 2010 Guangzhou People s Republic of China Sheikh Zayed Bridge 2007 10 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates Galaxy SOHO in Beijing China 121 London Aquatics Centre 2011 2012 Summer Olympics London United Kingdom Riverside Museum 2004 11 development of Glasgow Transport Museum Scotland Deutsche Guggenheim 2005 Berlin Germany CMA CGM Tower 2006 11 Marseilles France Ark Evelyn Grace Academy 2006 10 in Brixton London UK Stirling Prize 2011 winner Capital Hill Residence 2006 in Moscow Russia Private home owned by Vladislav Doronin 122 Urban Nebula 2007 London Design Festival London UK Lilas 2007 Serpentine Gallery London UK Roca London Gallery 2009 11 in Chelsea Harbour London UK d Leedon Singapore 2007 2011 Design For Proposed Museum In Vilnius 2007 2011 Vilnius Lithuania Heydar Aliyev Cultural Centre 2007 12 in Baku Azerbaijan 123 Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum 2010 12 Michigan State University East Lansing Michigan United States 124 Mandarin Oriental Dellis Cay Villa D 2012 private home under construction Dellis Cay Turks amp Caicos Islands Library and Learning Center of the Vienna University of Economics and Business Campus 2010 2013 Salerno Maritime Terminal 2007 13 Salerno Italy Napoli Afragola railway station Italy 2013 125 Jockey Club Innovation Tower 2013 Hong Kong Dongdaemun Design Plaza 2008 14 Seoul South Korea 126 Citylife office tower Storto and residentials Milan Italy 2014 Investcorp Building St Antony s College Oxford 2013 15 UK 127 King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center Riyadh Saudi Arabia 2010 15 128 Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre China 2016 129 Antwerp Harbour House Antwerp Belgium 2016 130 The Opus Dubai UAE 2007 2018 131 Scorpion Tower One Thousand Museum Miami Florida US 2018 520 West 28th Street New York City United States 2017 132 Messner Mountain Museum Corones Province of Bozen South Tyrol Italy 2015 Incomplete projects Edit Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum in 2008 In 2010 commissioned by the Iraqi government to design the new building for the Central Bank of Iraq An agreement to complete the design stages of the new CBI building was finalised on 2 February 2012 at a ceremony in London 133 This was her first project in her native Iraq 134 In 2012 Hadid won an international competition to design a new National Olympic Stadium as part of the successful bid by Tokyo to host the 2020 Summer Olympics 135 As the estimated cost of the construction mounted however Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe announced in July 2015 that Hadid s design would be scrapped in favour of a new bidding process to seek a less expensive alternative 136 Hadid had planned to enter the new competition but her firm was unable to meet the new requirement of finding a construction company with which to partner 137 600 Collins Street Melbourne Australia 138 Mercury House Tower St Julians Malta 139 Nuragic and Contemporary art museum on hold Cagliari Italy Eleftheria square Freedom Square in Nicosia Cyprus Esfera City Center in Monterrey Mexico New Century City Art Center Chengdu China 140 Dominion Tower in Moscow Russia Danjiang Bridge in New Taipei Taiwan Iraqi Parliament Building in Baghdad 2014 Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup stadium design 141 2016 Winton Mathematics Gallery at the Science Museum London 142 2017 666 Fifth Avenue New York USA California Residence California USA Middle East Centre St Antony s College Oxford UK Dubai Opera House Dubai UAE Regium Waterfront Reggio Italy Dubai Financial Market Dubai UAENon architectural work Edit Museum exhibitions Edit 1978 Guggenheim Museum New York 1983 Retrospective at the Architectural Association London 1985 GA Gallery Tokyo 1988 Deconstructivist Architecture show at Museum of Modern Art New York 1995 Graduate School of Design at Harvard University 1997 San Francisco MoMA 2000 British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale 2001 Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg 2002 10 May 11 August Centro nazionale per le arti contemporanee Rome 143 2003 4 May 17 August MAK Museum fur angewandte Kunst Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna 2006 3 June 25 October Solomon R Guggenheim Museum New York 2006 1 June 29 July Ma10 Mx Protetch Gallery Chelsea New York 2007 29 June 25 November Design Museum London 2007 Dune Formations with David Gill Gallery Venice Biennale 2011 12 20 September 25 March Zaha Hadid Form in Motion at the Philadelphia Museum of Art 2012 Liquid Glacial David Gill Gallery London 2013 29 June 29 September Zaha Hadid World Architecture at the Danish Architecture Centre 144 2015 27 June 27 September Zaha Hadid at the State Hermitage Museum Saint Petersburg Russia 145 Other work Edit Nightlife 1999 Zaha Hadid designed the stage set for the Pet Shop Boys world tour A Day with Zaha Hadid 2004 A 52 minute documentary where Zaha Hadid discusses her current work while taking the camera through her retrospective exhibition Zaha Hadid has Arrived Directed by Michael Blackwood 146 In October 2008 she guest edited Wallpaper magazine 147 On 2 January 2009 she was the guest editor of the BBC s flagship morning radio news programme Today 148 See also EditCategory Zaha Hadid buildings Iraqi art List of Iraqi artists List of Iraqi women artistsBibliography EditTaschen Aurelia and Balthazar 2016 L Architecture Moderne de A a Z in French Bibliotheca Universalis ISBN 978 3 8365 5630 9 Fontana Giusti Gordana and Schumacher Patrik 2004 Complete Works of Zaha Hadid 4 volumes Thames and Hudson Rizzoli published in English translated into German and Spanish ISBN 0 500 34200 8 Jodidio Philip 2016 Zaha Hadid in French Taschen ISBN 978 3 8365 3626 4 References Edit Serrazanetti Francesca Schubert Matteo eds 2011 Zaha Hadid Inspiration and Process in Architecture China Moleskine p 56 ISBN 9788866130048 Technology s rapid development and our ever changing lifestyles created a fundamentally new and exhilarating backdrop for building and in this new world context I felt we must reinvestigate the aborted and untested experiments of Modernism not to resurrect them but to unveil new fields of building a b Queen of the curve Zaha Hadid died at aged 65 from heart attack The Guardian 29 November 2016 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Kimmelman Michael 31 March 2016 Zaha Hadid Groundbreaking Architect Dies at 65 The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 a b Kamin Blair 1 April 2016 Visionary architect 1st woman to win Pritzker Chicago Tribune p 7 Dame Zaha Hadid s Brit Awards statuette design unveiled BBC News 1 December 2016 Retrieved 22 December 2018 a b Joanna Walters New York Review of Books critic regrets error in Zaha Hadid article The Guardian New York Guardian Media Group Retrieved 22 December 2018 Johnson Ian 24 November 2018 Big New Airport Shows China s Strengths and Weaknesses The New York Times Retrieved 22 December 2018 Nonie Niesewand March 2015 Through the Glass Ceiling Architectural Digest Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zaha Hadid receives Royal Gold Medal architecture com a b Dame Zaha Hadid awarded the Riba Gold Medal for architecture BBC News Retrieved 22 December 2018 a b Zaha Hadid The woman who reshaped modern architecture Al Jazeera 31 May 2017 Retrieved 22 December 2018 a b c d e f g A warped perspective The Daily Telegraph 16 August 2005 Retrieved 22 December 2018 a b c Zaha Hadid Biography notablebiographies com Retrieved 22 December 2018 Obituary Foulath Hadid Writer and expert on Arab affairs The Independent 11 October 2012 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Qureshi Huma 14 November 2012 Zaha Hadid Being an Arab and a woman is a double edged sword The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Iraqi British Architect Zaha Hadid Dies of Heart Attack at 65 NDTV Reuters Retrieved 22 December 2018 a b c d e f Fontana Giusti Gordana June 2016 Zaha Hadid 1950 2016 Architectural Research Quarterly 20 2 95 98 doi 10 1017 S1359135516000348 ISSN 1359 1355 Jodidio 2016 pp 7 17 a b Dama Zaha Hadid profile Design Museum 9 September 2014 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Architects Biography Zaha Hadid floornature com 10 August 2015 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Jodidio 2016 p 1980 Nicolai Ourousoff The New York Times 5 July 2011 Retrieved 22 December 2018 a b Taschen 2016 p 254 sfn error no target CITEREFTaschen2016 help Jodidio 2016 p 33 Jodidio 2016 p 35 a b c Finding aid for the Zaha Hadid Architects Phaeno Science Centre project records Canadian Centre for Architecture Retrieved 8 April 2020 a b Jodidio 2016 pp 37 39 Jodidio 2016 p 43 Selected Works Zaha Hadid Pritzker Architecture Prize Retrieved 22 December 2018 a b 2004 Pritzker Prize announcement Pritzker Architecture Prize Retrieved 22 December 2018 Jodidio 2016 p 51 Sheikh Zayed Bridge now illuminated www worldarchitecturenews com Retrieved 8 February 2020 Jodidio 2016 p 53 Jodidio 2016 pp 54 57 Rowan Moore 6 June 2010 Zaha Hadid s new Roman gallery joins the pantheon of the greats The Observer The Guardian Guardian Media Group Retrieved 22 December 2018 Jodidio 2016 pp 59 60 Edwin Heathcote Financial Times Zaha Hadid s Guangzhou opera house 11 March 2011 Nicolai Ouroussoff 5 July 2011 Chinese Gem That Elevates Its Setting The New York Times Retrieved 22 December 2018 Jodidio 2016 p 65 Rowan Moore 11 June 2011 Riverside Museum of Transport and Travel Glasgow a review The Observer The Guardian Guardian Media Group Retrieved 22 December 2018 Jodidio 2017 p 69 sfn error no target CITEREFJodidio2017 help Rowan Moore 30 July 2011 Olympics Aquatic Center review The Observer The Guardian Guardian Media Group Retrieved 22 December 2018 Jodidio 2016 p 74 Elaine Glusac New York Times June 3 2014 MSU amp Batman v Superman The Broad Art Museum Michigan State University YouTube March 2016 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Jodidio 2016 p 77 Jodidio 2016 pp 79 81 Peter Cook 20 December 2013 Zaha Hadid s Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku is a shock to the system Retrieved 22 December 2018 The Independent 1 July 2014 p 15 Jodidio 2016 p 83 Library and Learning Centre of the University of Economics Vienna Zaha Hadid Architects Architecture Daily 7 July 2014 Retrieved 22 December 2018 London Serpentine Sackler Gallery by Zaha Hadid architects Inexhibit Retrieved 18 February 2021 Jodido 2016 p 85 sfn error no target CITEREFJodido2016 help Jodidio 2016 p 87 Architect Dame Zaha Hadid dies after heart attack BBC News 31 March 2016 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Editorial Desk 1 April 2016 Formidable Zaha Hadid dies aged 65 ArchitectureAU Retrieved 22 December 2018 Ted Regencia 31 March 2016 Iraqi British architect Zaha Hadid dies at 65 Al Jazeera Retrieved 22 December 2018 Henry H Kuehn 2017 Architects Gravesites A Serendipitous Guide p 43 MIT Press Robert Booth 16 January 2017 Zaha Hadid leaves 67m fortune architect s will reveals The Guardian Guardian Media Group Retrieved 22 December 2018 Patrick Foster 16 January 2017 Architect Zaha Hadid leaves more than 70 million in newly published will The Daily Telegraph Retrieved 22 December 2018 Review by Joseph Giovannini New York Times 26 April 2016 Scorpion Tower University of Utah February 2018 Kam Dhillon 25 March 2017 HIGHSNOBIETY Zaha Hadid Architects Unveils Monumental Skyscraper Project for NYC Retrieved 22 December 2018 Beijing Daxing China s huge new starfish airport opens its doors 25 September 2019 via www bbc co uk IoA Institute of Architecture i o a at Retrieved 22 December 2018 Lacoste Shoes Design Zaha Hadid Architects zaha hadid com Retrieved 22 December 2018 Mike Hanlon 27 May 2009 Lacoste and Zaha Hadid launch exclusive limited edition footwear collection gizmag com Retrieved 22 December 2018 Triflow Concepts History triflowconcepts com Retrieved 22 December 2018 B amp B Italia modern contemporary furniture leading Italian company in the international scene of design furnishings Bebitalia it 14 January 2014 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Cade Wilson Moon System Sofa from B amp B Italia Furniture Fashion Retrieved 22 December 2018 Liquid Glacial Table Architecture Zaha Hadid Architects zaha hadid com Retrieved 22 December 2018 Eleanor Gibson 3 October 2016 Zaha Hadid s final furniture collection for David Gill based on mid century wooden antiques Retrieved 22 December 2018 Boutique Pavilion by Zaha Hadid Architects For Cosmetics Label Il Makiage Opens in New York City ArchDaily 8 June 2018 Michael Kimmelman 31 March 2016 Zaha Hadid Groundbreaking Architect Dies at 65 The New York Times Retrieved 22 December 2018 Brooks Xan 23 September 2013 Zaha Hadid I don t make nice little buildings The Guardian Australia edition Retrieved 12 November 2019 Deyan Sudjic 1 April 2016 Dame Zaha Hadid obituary The Guardian Guardian Media Group Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zeiss Stange Mary K Oyster Carol E Sloan Jane 2013 The Multimedia Encyclopedia of Women in Today s World SAGE Publications p 434 ISBN 978 1 4522 7037 1 Haines Cooke Shirley 2009 Frederick Kiesler Lost in History Art of This Century and The Modern Art Cambridge Scholars Publishing p 58 ISBN 978 1 4438 0837 8 McNeill Donald 2009 The Global Architect Firms Fame and Urban Form Routledge p 65 ISBN 978 1 135 91163 8 Prescott Julie 30 September 2012 The Global Architect Firms Fame and Urban Form IGI Global p 51 ISBN 978 1 4666 2108 4 Metropolitan Museum of Art New York N Y 2008 Recent Acquisitions A selection 2007 2008 The Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art The Museum p 55 Farrelly Lorraine 2009 Basics Architecture 02 Construction amp Materiality AVA Publishing p 59 ISBN 978 2 9403 7383 3 Michael Murphy 15 April 2011 The Poverty of Starchitecture Design Observer Retrieved 22 December 2018 Rowan Moore 8 September 2013 Zaha Hadid queen of the curve The Observer The Guardian Guardian Media Group Retrieved 22 December 2018 Joanna Walters 25 August 2014 Zaha Hadid suing New York Review of Books over Qatar criticism The Guardian New York Guardian Media Group Retrieved 22 December 2018 Hadid 2016 p 254 sfn error no target CITEREFHadid2016 help Neo futurism designingbuildings 2018 Neo futurism An Overview for Students in Architecture Training digitalschool John Seabrook 21 December 2009 The Abstractionist The New Yorker Magazine a b c The Complete Zaha Hadid Expanded and Updated London Thames and Hudson 2013 ISBN 9780500342893 Taschen 2016 p 1 sfn error no target CITEREFTaschen2016 help No 56595 The London Gazette Supplement 15 June 2002 p 8 No 60173 The London Gazette Supplement 16 June 2012 p 6 The Architecture Foundation Board of Trustees Architecture Foundation architecturefoundation org uk Retrieved 22 December 2018 Caroline Davies Robert Booth Mark Brown 31 March 2016 Queen of the curve Zaha Hadid dies aged 65 from heart attack The Guardian London Retrieved 22 December 2018 Marcus Fairs 25 June 2007 Basel rejects Zaha Hadid casino Dezeen Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zaha Hadid Artist Royal Academy of Arts Royal Academy Retrieved 22 December 2018 Edited Mary Ellen Egan and Chana R Schoenberger 27 August 2008 The World s 100 Most Powerful Women Forbes Retrieved 22 December 2018 CS1 maint extra text authors list link Zaha Hadid The 2010 TIME 100 TIME Time 29 April 2010 Archived from the original on 2 May 2010 Retrieved 22 December 2018 42 Zaha Hadid 50 People Who Matter 2010 New Statesman 27 September 2010 Retrieved 22 December 2018 BBC Radio 4 Woman s Hour The Power List 2013 BBC News Retrieved 22 December 2018 Debrett s 500 List Film Debretys 30 May 2017 Retrieved 22 December 2018 British Muslim Awards 2015 finalists unveiled Asian Image 23 January 2015 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Edwin Heathcote 3 October 2010 Hadid wins Stirling Prize Financial Times Retrieved 22 December 2018 Evelyn Grace Academy wins Stirling Prize BBC News 2 October 2011 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zaha Hadid becomes the first solo woman to win the Royal Gold Medal for architecture The World Weekly 25 September 2015 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zaha Hadid receives Royal Gold Medal 4 February 2016 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Sofia Lotto Persio 31 May 2017 Google Doodle Honors Zaha Hadid s Success but Gender Inequality in Architecture Persists Newsweek Retrieved 22 December 2018 Recipients 1994 Schelling Architekturstiftung Retrieved 22 December 2018 Archived copy in French Archived from the original on 12 November 2011 Retrieved 9 February 2016 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Reply to a parliamentary question PDF in German 23 April 2012 p 1713 Retrieved 22 December 2018 RIBA Awards e architects Retrieved 22 December 2018 a b RIBA European Awards RIBA Archived from the original on 30 September 2009 Retrieved 21 September 2009 2010 RIBA Award Winners Announced Bustler Retrieved 22 December 2018 Vanessa Quirk 16 April 2012 Is Zaha s Latest Prize Really an Advancement for Women The Huffington Post Retrieved 12 January 2014 Originally published by ArchDaily 12 April 2012 Louisa Peacock 22 April 2013 Zaha Hadid named Veuve Clicquot businesswoman of the year The Daily Telegraph Retrieved 22 December 2018 Newly Elected April 2013 Amphilsoc org Archived from the original on 3 April 2014 Retrieved 18 March 2014 Zaha Hadid Bloomberg L P Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zaha Hadid Architects zaha hadid com Retrieved 22 December 2018 Maxxi Museo Nazionale Delle Arti Del XXI Secolo Darc beniculturali it Retrieved 22 December 2018 Galaxy Soho Architecture Zaha Hadid Architects Zaha hadid com Archived from the original on 20 July 2017 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zaha Hadid s Only Private Residential Home Is Now Completed Architectural Digest Architectural Digest Retrieved 22 December 2018 Photo from Reuters Pictures Reuters Daylife Archived from the original on 11 January 2009 Retrieved 17 January 2009 Brandon Howell 14 November 2012 Broad Art Museum draws thousands to Michigan State during opening weekend 40 million fundraising goal met MLive Lansing East Lansing Retrieved 22 December 2018 Afragola station delayed 156 Today s Railways Europe December 2008 52 Cite journal requires journal help Visit Seoul Dongdaemun Design Plaza english visitseoul net Retrieved 22 December 2018 Jonathan Glancey 14 June 2015 Zaha Hadid s Middle East Centre lands in Oxford The Sunday Telegraph London Retrieved 22 December 2018 Imran Syed King opens petroleum research amp study center Saudi Gazette Retrieved 22 December 2018 Nanjing International Youth Culture Centre by Zaha Hadid designboom architecture amp design magazine 27 September 2016 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Antwerp Port House Zaha Hadid Architects ArchDaily 22 September 2016 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Dubai s The Opus by ZHA set to open on January 15 designMENA 1 July 2018 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Carl Swanson New York Magazine The Zaha Moment New York 14 July 2013 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zaha Hadid Architects and Central Bank of Iraq Sign Agreement for New Headquarters 12 February 2012 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Farah Nayeri 27 August 2010 Zaha Hadid to Design New Iraqi Central Bank After June Attack Bloomberg L P Chin Andrea 10 September 2013 Zaha Hadid New National Stadium of Japan Venue for Tokyo 2020 Olympics Designboom Retrieved 22 December 2018 Japan rips up 2020 Olympic stadium plans to start anew Dawn AP 18 July 2015 Retrieved 22 December 2018 McCurry Justin 18 September 2015 Zaha Hadid abandons new 2020 Tokyo Olympics stadium bid The Guardian Guardian Media Group retrieved 22 December 2018 Dow Aisha 11 July 2016 Green light for Hadid tower seen as global drawcard The Age Retrieved 22 December 2018 J Portelli Projects Gozitan employees to build Mercury Towers The Malta Independent 24 August 2017 Retrieved 22 December 2018 New Century City Art Centre Zaha hadid com Retrieved 22 December 2018 zaha hadid discloses qatar 2022 FIFA world cup stadium design designboom architecture amp design magazine 18 November 2013 Retrieved 22 December 2018 Zaha Hadid Science Museum new mathematics gallery design designboom architecture amp design magazine 10 September 2016 Retrieved 22 December 2018 D A R C Zaha Hadid in Italian Darc beniculturali it Archived from the original on 19 February 2009 Retrieved 17 January 2009 Zaha Hadid World Architecture Retrieved 22 December 2018 Chelsea Blahut 26 June 2015 Zaha Hadid Retrospective Opens at Russia s State Hermitage Museum Architect A Day with Zaha Hadid Michael Blackwood Productions Retrieved 22 December 2018 Guest editor Wallpaper Guest editor Zaha Hadid BBC News 27 December 2008 Retrieved 22 December 2018 External links EditWikiquote has quotations related to Zaha HadidWikimedia Commons has media related to Zaha Hadid Official website 1 artwork by or after Zaha Hadid at the Art UK site Zaha Hadid publications at Archello Zaha Hadid publications at Archidust Zaha Hadid drawings and slides for the Great Utopia exhibition 1992 Getty Research Institute Los Angeles Accession No 950083 A collection of 79 drawings and paintings executed for the design of the exhibition of Russian Constructivist art The Great Utopia at Guggenheim Museum 1992 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zaha Hadid amp oldid 1053691693, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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