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Taj Al-Din Ebrahim ibn Rushan Amir Al-Kurdi Al-Sanjani (or Sinjani; Persian:تاج الدين ابراهيم كردی سنجانی)‎ (1218 – 1301), titled Sheikh Zahed (or Zahid) Gilani, was an Iranian Grandmaster (murshid-i kamil) of the famed Zahediyeh Sufi order at Lahijan. He is also known as Sultân-ûl Khalwatiyya and Tadj’ad-Dīn Ebraheem Zāheed al-Geylānī as well.

Sufi Grandmaster (Murshid Kamil) Sheikh ZAHED GILANI (1218 - 1301) designating his son in law and Eponym of the SAFAVID DYNASTY, Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili, as his spiritual Successor in 1301

According to Minorsky and Elwell-Sutton at the Encyclopaedia of Islam, the tomb of Sheikh Zahed is situated a few miles to the south of the town of Lankaran.

Contents

Zahed Gilani's tomb

Since the mid-13th century, Sheikh Zahed has been revered as a spiritual authority and his tomb near Lahijan in Iran's Gilan Province, on the shores of the Caspian Sea, draws numerous pilgrims to the village of Sheikhanvar. His ancestors came from the ancient Iranian city of Sanjan in Khorasan (located in present-day Turkmenistan). Fleeing the Seljuq invasion that would eventually conquer large parts of Persia, his ancestors settled in Gilan in the late 11th century. Taj Al-Din Zahed Gilani was able to attain cultural and religious influence on the Ilkhanid rulers (1256–1353), descendants of Genghis Khan, who followed Seljuq rule.

His most notable disciple was Safi-ad-din Ardabili (1252–1334), the Eponym of the Safavid Dynasty (1501–1736). He wed Zahed's daughter Bibi Fatima and, overgoing the interest of Zahed's firstborn son, Gamal Al-Din Ali, was entrusted with the Grand Master's Zahediyeh Sufi Order, which he transformed into his own, the Safaviyya (Sufi order) Order. Zahed Gilani's second-born son, Sadr al-Dīn, wed Safi Al-Din's daughter from a previous marriage. 170 years after Safi Al-Din's death (and 200 years after the death of Sheikh Zahed Gilani) Safaviyya had gained sufficient political and military power to claim the Throne of (Northern) Iran for the Safavid Heir, Shah Ismail I Safavi. The two families were to be intertwined for many centuries to come, by blood as well as mutual spiritual causes.

The Sil-silat-al-nasab-e Safaviyeh or Genealogy of the Safavids, was written by Pir Hossein Abdul Zahedi, a 17th-century descendant of Zahed Gilani. This hagiography in praise of the Safavid forebears, was devoted to the genealogy of the Safavid Sufi masters.

The Turkish Bayrami and Jelveti orders also had their origin in Zahed Gilani's Zahediyeh Sufi Order.

  1. The Encyclopaedia of Islām: 4. cilt, 1. sayı, Brill, 1934, s. 57: "...Tadj al-Din Ibrahim b. Rawshan Amir b. Babil b. Shaikh Bundâr al-Kurdi al-Sandjani of Gilan..."
  2. Ensiklopedia sejarah Islam, 3. cilt, Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 1986, s. 1207: "Sehikh Zahid Taj al-Din Ibrahim b. Rawshan Amir b. Babil b. Sheikh Bundâr al-Kurdi al-Sanjani ..."
  3. Doç. Dr. Süleyman Gökbulut, "İbrahim Zahid Gilanî Üzerine Bir İnceleme", Sûfî Araştırmaları - Sufi Studies, Sayı 13, s. 50
  4. Serap Şah, Safvetü's-Safâ'da Safiyyüddîn-i Erdebîlî'nin hayatı, tasavvufi görüşleri ve menkibeleri, Doktora tezi, Marmara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü / Temel İslam Bilimleri Anabilim Dalı Tasavvuf Bilim Dalı, İstanbul 2007, s. 30-31, s.66, s.340
  5. Şeyx Səfi Təzkirəsi. Səfvətüs-səfanın XVI əsr türk tərcüməsi. Bakı: Nurlan, 2006, s. 135
  6. Abdülbaki Gölpınarlı, Türkiye'de Mezhepler ve Tarikâtlar (Madh'habs and Tariqat in Turkey), İnkılâp Yayınevi, 1997.
  7. Minorsky & Elwell-Sutton 1986, p. 657.

Zahed Gilani Article Talk Language Watch Edit Taj Al Din Ebrahim ibn Rushan Amir Al Kurdi Al Sanjani or Sinjani Persian تاج الدين ابراهيم كردی سنجانی 1218 1301 titled Sheikh Zahed or Zahid Gilani was an Iranian Grandmaster murshid i kamil of the famed Zahediyeh Sufi order at Lahijan 1 2 3 4 5 He is also known as Sultan ul Khalwatiyya 6 and Tadj ad Din Ebraheem Zaheed al Geylani as well Sufi Grandmaster Murshid Kamil Sheikh ZAHED GILANI 1218 1301 designating his son in law and Eponym of the SAFAVID DYNASTY Sheikh Safi ad din Ardabili as his spiritual Successor in 1301 According to Minorsky and Elwell Sutton at the Encyclopaedia of Islam the tomb of Sheikh Zahed is situated a few miles to the south of the town of Lankaran 7 Contents 1 Life 2 See also 3 References 4 Further readingLife Edit Zahed Gilani s tomb Since the mid 13th century Sheikh Zahed has been revered as a spiritual authority and his tomb near Lahijan in Iran s Gilan Province on the shores of the Caspian Sea draws numerous pilgrims to the village of Sheikhanvar His ancestors came from the ancient Iranian city of Sanjan in Khorasan located in present day Turkmenistan Fleeing the Seljuq invasion that would eventually conquer large parts of Persia his ancestors settled in Gilan in the late 11th century Taj Al Din Zahed Gilani was able to attain cultural and religious influence on the Ilkhanid rulers 1256 1353 descendants of Genghis Khan who followed Seljuq rule His most notable disciple was Safi ad din Ardabili 1252 1334 the Eponym of the Safavid Dynasty 1501 1736 He wed Zahed s daughter Bibi Fatima and overgoing the interest of Zahed s firstborn son Gamal Al Din Ali was entrusted with the Grand Master s Zahediyeh Sufi Order which he transformed into his own the Safaviyya Sufi order Order Zahed Gilani s second born son Sadr al Din wed Safi Al Din s daughter from a previous marriage 170 years after Safi Al Din s death and 200 years after the death of Sheikh Zahed Gilani Safaviyya had gained sufficient political and military power to claim the Throne of Northern Iran for the Safavid Heir Shah Ismail I Safavi The two families were to be intertwined for many centuries to come by blood as well as mutual spiritual causes The Sil silat al nasab e Safaviyeh or Genealogy of the Safavids was written by Pir Hossein Abdul Zahedi a 17th century descendant of Zahed Gilani This hagiography in praise of the Safavid forebears was devoted to the genealogy of the Safavid Sufi masters The Turkish Bayrami and Jelveti orders also had their origin in Zahed Gilani s Zahediyeh Sufi Order See also EditList of Persian poets and authorsReferences Edit The Encyclopaedia of Islam 4 cilt 1 sayi Brill 1934 s 57 Tadj al Din Ibrahim b Rawshan Amir b Babil b Shaikh Bundar al Kurdi al Sandjani of Gilan Ensiklopedia sejarah Islam 3 cilt Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 1986 s 1207 Sehikh Zahid Taj al Din Ibrahim b Rawshan Amir b Babil b Sheikh Bundar al Kurdi al Sanjani Doc Dr Suleyman Gokbulut Ibrahim Zahid Gilani Uzerine Bir Inceleme Sufi Arastirmalari Sufi Studies Sayi 13 s 50 Serap Sah Safvetu s Safa da Safiyyuddin i Erdebili nin hayati tasavvufi gorusleri ve menkibeleri Doktora tezi Marmara Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Temel Islam Bilimleri Anabilim Dali Tasavvuf Bilim Dali Istanbul 2007 s 30 31 s 66 s 340 Seyx Sefi Tezkiresi Sefvetus sefanin XVI esr turk tercumesi Baki Nurlan 2006 s 135 Abdulbaki Golpinarli Turkiye de Mezhepler ve Tarikatlar Madh habs and Tariqat in Turkey Inkilap Yayinevi 1997 Minorsky amp Elwell Sutton 1986 p 657 Further reading EditBahadiroglu Mustafa 2000 IBRAHIM ZAHID i GEYLANI TDV Islam Ansiklopedisi in Turkish Vol 21 Istanbul TDV Islam Arastirmalari Merkezi pp 359 360 ISBN 975 3894 48 1 Minorsky V amp Elwell Sutton L P 1986 Lankoran In Bosworth C E van Donzel E Lewis B amp Pellat Ch eds The Encyclopaedia of Islam New Edition Volume V Khe Mahi Leiden E J Brill pp 656 657 ISBN 978 90 04 07819 2 Esfandiar Mahmoud Reza 2016 زاهد گیلانی Zahed Gilani In Haddad Adel Gholam Ali ed Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam in Persian Vol 21 Tehran Encyclopaedia Islamica Foundation ISBN 978 600 447022 3 Yves Bomati and Houchang Nahavandi Shah Abbas Emperor of Persia 1587 1629 2017 ed Ketab Corporation Los Angeles ISBN 978 1595845672 English translation by Azizeh Azodi E G Browne Literary History of Persia Four volumes 2 256 pages and twenty five years in the writing 1998 ISBN 0 7007 0406 X Jan Rypka History of Iranian Literature Reidel Publishing Company 1968 OCLC 460598 ISBN 90 277 0143 1 Derwische im Vorhof der Macht Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart 1993 ISBN 3 515 05758 7 This biographical article about a person notable in connection with Islam is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zahed Gilani amp oldid 1091853671, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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