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Zalman Aran

Zalman Aran (Hebrew:זַלְמָן אֲרָן‎, 1 March 1899 – 6 September 1970) was a Zionist activist, educator and Israeli government minister.

Zalman Aran
Ministerial roles
1954–1955Minister without Portfolio
1955Minister of Transportation
1955–1960Minister of Education
1963–1969Minister of Education
Faction represented in the Knesset
1949–1965Mapai
1965–1968Alignment
1968–1969Labor Party
1969Alignment
Personal details
Born1 March 1899
Yuzovka, Russian Empire
Died6 September 1970(1970-09-06) (aged 71)

Contents

Zalman Aharonowitz (later Aran) was born in Yuzovka in the Yekaterinoslav Governorate of the Russian Empire (now Donetsk, Ukraine), and received a religious education in a heder. He later studied agriculture in Kharkov. In his youth, he was active in Tze'irei Zion, a Zionist youth movement]. In 1917 he became a member of its Self-Defense Organization Committee. He worked as a teacher and a statistician from 1918 to 1923. In 1920, after the party split, he joined the Zionist Socialists. He was a member of its Central Committee from 1924 to 1925.

In 1926, he immigrated to Mandatory Palestine, where he joined the Ahdut HaAvoda Party. He worked in building and road construction.

In 1930, after Ahdut HaAvoda merged into Mapai, he was appointed the new party's General Secretary in Tel Aviv. From 1936 to 1947 he worked in the Histadrut Executive Committee as Treasurer and Director of the Information Department, and was one of the founders of the School for Histadrut Activists. He also became a member of the Zionist Executive Committee in 1946 and a member of its Presidium in 1948.

In 1949 he was elected to the Knesset, and was re-elected in 1951, 1955, 1959, 1961 and 1965. He chaired of Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee, and was also a member of the House Committee. In 1953 he was appointed Minister without Portfolio and, in 1954, Minister of Transportation. From 1955 to 1960 and again from 1963 to 1969, he was Minister of Education and Culture.

As Israel's Minister of Education, he introduced "Jewish Identity" and Jewish tradition into the curriculum and promoted the expansion of technical education. In 1955, the Knesset accepted his reform program for the Israeli education system and his demands for a secondary education diploma, as well as extension of Israel's compulsory Education Law to the ages of 14 to 16. He also promoted the integration of children from different backgrounds into the same schools to accelerate Israel's melting-pot ideal and cut down socio-economic gaps in the Israeli society, including recreational activities for development town residents.

As a government minister in 1967, he initially supported the majority position which sought a diplomatic solution to Egypt's closure of the Straits of Tiran, rather than a pre-emptive strike, which he also felt posed a great risk to the home front and the Israeli Air Force. He also opposed the occupation of East Jerusalem.

The Tel Aviv University School of History and the central library of the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev were named after him, as were several schools in Israel.

  • Trials of Education and implementation (1971)(in Hebrew)
  • Autobiography (1971)(in Hebrew)
  • Front and the appearance (1972)(in Hebrew)
  1. "Zalman Aranne (1899–1970)". Jewish Agency for Israel. Retrieved2008-02-16.
  2. "Facts and Statistics - Zalman Aran". cms (in Hebrew). Retrieved2008-02-16.
  3. Cidor, Peggy (2006-09-07). "Not making the grade". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved2008-02-16.
  4. Yanow, Dvora (1992). "Silences in Public Policy Discourse: Organizational and Policy Myths"(PDF). Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory (2): 399–423. Archived from the original on 2012-12-09. Retrieved2008-02-16.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. Oren, Michael B. (2003). "Levi Eshkol, Forgotten Hero". Azure (14). Archived from the original(– Scholar search) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved2008-02-16.
  6. Benziman, Uzi (2007-06-02). "Oh, Jerusalem!". Haaretz. Retrieved2008-02-16.

Zalman Aran
Zalman Aran Language Watch Edit Zalman Aran Hebrew ז ל מ ן א ר ן 1 March 1899 6 September 1970 was a Zionist activist educator and Israeli government minister Zalman AranMinisterial roles1954 1955Minister without Portfolio1955Minister of Transportation1955 1960Minister of Education1963 1969Minister of EducationFaction represented in the Knesset1949 1965Mapai1965 1968Alignment1968 1969Labor Party1969AlignmentPersonal detailsBorn1 March 1899 Yuzovka Russian EmpireDied6 September 1970 1970 09 06 aged 71 Contents 1 Biography 2 Political career 3 Commemoration 4 Published works 5 References 6 External linksBiography EditZalman Aharonowitz later Aran was born in Yuzovka in the Yekaterinoslav Governorate of the Russian Empire now Donetsk Ukraine and received a religious education in a heder He later studied agriculture in Kharkov 1 In his youth he was active in Tze irei Zion a Zionist youth movement In 1917 he became a member of its Self Defense Organization Committee He worked as a teacher and a statistician from 1918 to 1923 In 1920 after the party split he joined the Zionist Socialists He was a member of its Central Committee from 1924 to 1925 In 1926 he immigrated to Mandatory Palestine where he joined the Ahdut HaAvoda Party He worked in building and road construction Political career EditIn 1930 after Ahdut HaAvoda merged into Mapai he was appointed the new party s General Secretary in Tel Aviv From 1936 to 1947 he worked in the Histadrut Executive Committee as Treasurer and Director of the Information Department and was one of the founders of the School for Histadrut Activists He also became a member of the Zionist Executive Committee in 1946 and a member of its Presidium in 1948 In 1949 he was elected to the Knesset and was re elected in 1951 1955 1959 1961 and 1965 He chaired of Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee and was also a member of the House Committee In 1953 he was appointed Minister without Portfolio and in 1954 Minister of Transportation From 1955 to 1960 and again from 1963 to 1969 he was Minister of Education and Culture As Israel s Minister of Education he introduced Jewish Identity and Jewish tradition into the curriculum and promoted the expansion of technical education In 1955 the Knesset accepted his reform program for the Israeli education system and his demands for a secondary education diploma 1 as well as extension of Israel s compulsory Education Law to the ages of 14 to 16 2 He also promoted the integration of children from different backgrounds into the same schools to accelerate Israel s melting pot ideal and cut down socio economic gaps in the Israeli society 3 including recreational activities for development town residents 4 As a government minister in 1967 he initially supported the majority position which sought a diplomatic solution to Egypt s closure of the Straits of Tiran rather than a pre emptive strike which he also felt posed a great risk to the home front and the Israeli Air Force 5 He also opposed the occupation of East Jerusalem 6 Commemoration Edit Zalman Aran Library Ben Gurion University of the Negev The Tel Aviv University School of History and the central library of the Ben Gurion University of the Negev were named after him as were several schools in Israel Published works EditTrials of Education and implementation 1971 in Hebrew Autobiography 1971 in Hebrew Front and the appearance 1972 in Hebrew References Edit a b Zalman Aranne 1899 1970 Jewish Agency for Israel Retrieved 2008 02 16 Facts and Statistics Zalman Aran cms in Hebrew Retrieved 2008 02 16 Cidor Peggy 2006 09 07 Not making the grade Jerusalem Post Retrieved 2008 02 16 Yanow Dvora 1992 Silences in Public Policy Discourse Organizational and Policy Myths PDF Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 2 399 423 Archived from the original on 2012 12 09 Retrieved 2008 02 16 CS1 maint bot original URL status unknown link Oren Michael B 2003 Levi Eshkol Forgotten Hero Azure 14 Archived from the original Scholar search on 2007 09 27 Retrieved 2008 02 16 Benziman Uzi 2007 06 02 Oh Jerusalem Haaretz Retrieved 2008 02 16 External links EditZalman Aran on the Knesset website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zalman Aran amp oldid 1042414101, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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