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"Zenjan" redirects here. For the village in Isfahan Province, see Zaranjan. For the province, see Zanjan Province.

Zanjan (Persian: زنجان, pronounced (); Azerbaijani: زنگان) is a city in northwest Iran, serving as the capital of Zanjan Province. It lies 298 km (185 mi) north-west of Tehran on the main highway to Tabriz and Turkey and approximately 125 km (78 mi) from the Caspian Sea. The city is located about 20 kilometers south of the Qaflankuh Mountain Range. At the 2016 census, its population was 521,302 which is the 20th largest city in Iran. The population of Zanjan consists mostly of Iranian Azeris who are bilingual in Azerbaijani and Persian.

Zanjan
زنجان
زنگان
City
Seal
Zanjan
Coordinates:36°40′N48°29′E /36.667°N 48.483°E /36.667; 48.483Coordinates: 36°40′N48°29′E /36.667°N 48.483°E /36.667; 48.483
CountryIran
Region3
ProvinceZanjan
CountyZanjan
BakhshCentral
Government
MayorMasihollah Maasoumi
ParliamentWaqfchi & Ahmadi
Elevation
1,638 m (5,374 ft)
Population
(2016 census)
Urban
430,871
• Rank
20th in Iran
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
• Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRST)
Websitewww.Zanjan.ir

Zanjan is known for its handcrafts such as knives, traditional sandals, called charoogh, and malileh, a handcraft made with silver wires. Zanjani artists make many things like various decorative dishes and their special covers as well as silver jewelry. In ancient times, Zanjan was known for its stainless and sharp knives. But this tradition is gradually becoming extinct by introduction of Chinese-made knives into the market which are far cheaper, more abundant and less artistic[citation needed]. Many villagers today are traditional carpet weavers. Zanjan's population boasts the highest level of happiness among the people of 30 other provinces in Iran, according to a detailed survey conducted by Isna.

Contents

Drawing by Eugène Flandin

According to the Nuzhat al-Qulub of the 14th-century Iranian geographer Hamdallah Mustawfi (died after 1339/40), Zanjan was said to have been founded by the first Sasanian ruler Ardashir I (r. 224–242), who named it "Shahin." During the Arab invasion of Iran, Zanjan was conquered in 645 by a force led by al-Barra ibn Azib. Medieval geographers generally agree that Zanjan was located in the region of Jibal/Persian Iraq, near the frontier of the neighbouring region of Azerbaijan. Some geographers also include Zanjan as part of Daylam or Ray. After 833, the Abbasid Caliphate had a chain of forts constructed from Zanjan to Ardabil to counter the 817–837 rebellion of the Khurramite leader Babak Khorramdin (died 838). In the 10th-century, Zanjan was ruled by local Daylamite dynasties such as the Musafirids (919–1062). According to the 13th-century Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi (died 1229), the Persians referred the city as "Zangan." During the Ilkhanate era (1256–1335), the inhabitants were reported by Hamdallah Mustawfi to have spoken "pure Pahlavi" (pahlavī-e rāst), a Median or northern form of Persian.

One important moment in the history of the city was in 1851 when the city became a center for the suppressed Babi religious movement, along with Neyriz and a fortress known as Shaykh Tabarsi. The forces of the central government captured the Babi fort in Zanjan after a long siege on the orders of Grand Vizier (Prime Minister of Iran) Amir Kabir and killed or expelled the Bab's followers.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, rainfed agriculture makes up around 42% of Zanjan's land cover and grasslands account for another 37%. The remainder is bareland, irrigated agriculture, forest, orchard and riverbanks. Only 1.07% of the land is urban development.

Zanjan has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) with hot, dry summers and cold, moist winters, often with snowfall. Precipitation is very low, and mostly falls between October and May. On February 13, 2020, a temperature of -21.0 ºC (-5.8 °F) was recorded.

Climate data for Zanjan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
22.0
(71.6)
25.0
(77.0)
27.0
(80.6)
32.0
(89.6)
38.0
(100.4)
40.0
(104.0)
39.4
(102.9)
35.0
(95.0)
30.0
(86.0)
23.0
(73.4)
18.0
(64.4)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 2.1
(35.8)
4.3
(39.7)
10.3
(50.5)
17.0
(62.6)
22.8
(73.0)
28.8
(83.8)
32.2
(90.0)
31.6
(88.9)
28.1
(82.6)
20.4
(68.7)
12.7
(54.9)
5.5
(41.9)
18.0
(64.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3
(27)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.9
(40.8)
11.0
(51.8)
16.4
(61.5)
21.7
(71.1)
25.2
(77.4)
24.4
(75.9)
20.3
(68.5)
13.5
(56.3)
6.8
(44.2)
0.4
(32.7)
11.73
(53.12)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.7
(38.7)
7.6
(45.7)
11.2
(52.2)
14.9
(58.8)
14.2
(57.6)
9.9
(49.8)
5.5
(41.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
4.0
(39.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 33.5
(1.32)
30.0
(1.18)
45.7
(1.80)
56.5
(2.22)
46.2
(1.82)
7.3
(0.29)
4.6
(0.18)
3.4
(0.13)
4.2
(0.17)
26.0
(1.02)
28.8
(1.13)
29.2
(1.15)
315.4
(12.41)
Average precipitation days 10.7 9.4 12.5 12.3 11.1 3.3 2.1 2.3 1.7 6.5 7.3 9.6 88.8
Average relative humidity (%) 72 69 61 54 49 40 38 39 38 49 59 68 53
Mean monthly sunshine hours 150.1 139.3 172.5 213.3 267.2 328.9 334.5 317.3 295.8 229.3 164.7 137.0 2,749.9
Source: NOAA (1961–1990)
Soltaniyeh Dome

Zanjan bazaar

Zanjan's bazaar is a public marketplace that started in Agha Mohammadkhan Ghajar-era in 1784 CE, and completed in 1792 CE during the Fath-Ali Shah-era. Mosques and a bath were added later. This bazaar has 940 shops, which consist of two defined parts, namely Bazaar-e Bala (upper bazaar) and Bazaar-e Paieen (lower bazaar). Vendors are organized by their professions and commodities.

Jameh Mosque of Zanjan

The central mosque of Zanjan is also known as the Seyyed Mosque (Masjid-e-Seyyed), this was constructed in 1826 during the Qajar-era, by one of Fath-Ali Shah's sons. This mosque was built in the old area of the city and it's the religious center of Zajan.

Saltmen museum at Zolfaghari House

It's built on Imam Street. This building holds six naturally preserved human remains called saltmen or “namaki”, which had been discovered in 1993 in the Chehrabad salt mines. These remains are originally from Achaemenian-era.

Tofighi’s building

Tofighi's building is related to last parts of Qajar-era and Pahlavi-era. It's built on Imam Street. It was a house of the greatest man of Zanjan that was mayor of city. This building has 2 floors and consists of a symmetrical form.

Match company (3 stars match company)

Match company is related to Pahlavi's era and located on Safa street. It is the second company of city and constructed before the second world war by Mahmud Shalchi. It has an exclusive brick chimney.

Dadamaan Hotel Zanjan

The old abbey was constructed 200 years ago in the area of Enghelab square which is the most central and oldest part of Zanjan. It initially served as a caravanserai and then for approx. 80 years it was the house of one of Zanjan's scholars, Sheikh Jalal Ashabi.

It had been uninhabited for 20 years after the passing of the Seikh from 1997. It began to be renovated in 2017 and now serves as a traditional hotel.

Sangi Caravanserai

The Sangi Caravanserai (stone caravanserai) is an ancient roadside inn, constructed in Safavi-era and was converted into a restaurant in the 1990s. It's a single story stone building that has four iwans (porches) and a ceiling that is arcuate.

Rakhtshooy Khaneh Edifice

The Rakhtshooy Khaneh Edifice is a historical wash-house and Iranian national heritage site, that is currently being used as Zanjan anthropological museum.

  • Lead
  • Zinc
  • Pasteurized milk
  • Chemical productions
  • Weaving
  • Cotton
  • Food productions
  • Transformator
  • Electrical productions[clarification needed]

Handicrafts

The most famous handicrafts are knives, charuq (a local style of women's shoes, similar to clodhopper shoes), filigree and gilding. Gilding is the one important art for decoration the books and calligraphies. Other handicrafts include coppersmithing, rug weaving and carpet weaving (including Kilm and Jajim style).

Zanjan is also home to several universities such as:

Zanjan is known for having one of the best indoor sport climbing walls in the Middle East, located in Enghelab sports complex. The facility also includes standard speed climbing walls. The city's football team is Shahrdari Zanjan F.C., who play in the 2nd Division.

Approximately half of the population of Zanjan Province lives in Zanjan city. In a 2017 study, researchers concluded that Azerbaijani-speaking families in the city display language shift to Persian.

For a complete list see: Category:People from Zanjan, Iran

  1. "Statistical Center of Iran > Home". درگاه ملی آمار. 2020-12-19. Retrieved2021-04-05.
  2. Zanjan, Iran can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3088976" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. Mirvahedi, Seyed Hadi; Jafari, Rasoul (2017). "Family language policy in the City of Zanjan: a city for the forlorn Azerbaijani". International Journal of Multilingualism. 18 (1): 1–23. doi:10.1080/14790718.2018.1545019.
  4. "ایسنا - شادترين استانهاي ايران كدامند؟". isna.ir.
  5. Bosworth 2002, p. 446.
  6. Mottahedeh 1975, p. 75.
  7. Le Strange 1905, p. 222.
  8. Bosworth 2002, p. 447.
  9. Yarshater 1988, pp. 238–245.
  10. Abdu'l-Bahá, Edward Granville. "A Traveller's Narrative Written to Illustrate the Episode of the Báb", Published by Kalimat Press, 2004, ISBN 1-890688-37-1, ISBN 978-1-890688-37-0
  11. "Zanjan Province - Land Cover Map"(PDF). Food and Agriculture Organization.
  12. "40729: Zanjan (Iran)". ogimet.com. OGIMET. February 13, 2020. RetrievedNovember 12, 2020.
  13. "Zanjan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. RetrievedDecember 27, 2012.
  14. "Zanjan Bazaar". Iran Daily. 2015-05-04. Retrieved2019-01-27.
  15. Rasaneh, Sirang. "Zanjan Jame' (Seyed) Mosque in Zanjan, Travel to IRAN". itto.org | Iran Tourism & Touring. Retrieved2019-01-27.
  16. "Caravanserai Sangi Registered as National Monument". Tehran Times. 1998-12-01. Retrieved2019-01-27.
  17. "Canning Town Caravanserai". Caravanserai in the Modern World. Retrieved2019-01-27.
  18. Rasaneh, Sirang. "Handicrafts and Souvenirs of Zanjan in Zanjan, Travel to IRAN". itto.org | Iran Tourism & Touring. Retrieved2019-01-27.
  19. "تیم فوتبال«شهرداری زنجان»پیدا شد" [The football team of "Zanjan Municipality" was found]. newspaper.hamshahrionline.ir. Retrieved2021-04-05. تیم شهرداری زنجان طبق قانون قابل برگشت به شهرداری است و این موضوع با مصوبه اعضای شورای شهر مطالبه می‌شود [The Zanjan Municipality team can be returned to the municipality according to the law, and this issue is demanded with the approval of the city council members]
  20. "Zanjan sister Malacca, Malaysia". Zanjan Shora. 2013-09-29. Retrieved2015-12-12.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toZanjan.

Zanjan Iran Article Talk Language Watch Edit Zenjan redirects here For the village in Isfahan Province see Zaranjan For the province see Zanjan Province Zanjan Persian زنجان pronounced zaenˈdʒɒːn listen 2 Azerbaijani زنگان is a city in northwest Iran serving as the capital of Zanjan Province It lies 298 km 185 mi north west of Tehran on the main highway to Tabriz and Turkey and approximately 125 km 78 mi from the Caspian Sea The city is located about 20 kilometers south of the Qaflankuh Mountain Range At the 2016 census its population was 521 302 which is the 20th largest city in Iran The population of Zanjan consists mostly of Iranian Azeris who are bilingual in Azerbaijani and Persian 3 Zanjan زنجانزنگانCitySealZanjanCoordinates 36 40 N 48 29 E 36 667 N 48 483 E 36 667 48 483 Coordinates 36 40 N 48 29 E 36 667 N 48 483 E 36 667 48 483Country IranRegion3ProvinceZanjanCountyZanjanBakhshCentralGovernment MayorMasihollah Maasoumi ParliamentWaqfchi amp AhmadiElevation1 638 m 5 374 ft Population 2016 census Urban430 871 1 Rank20th in IranTime zoneUTC 3 30 IRST Summer DST UTC 4 30 IRST Websitewww Zanjan ir Zanjan is known for its handcrafts such as knives traditional sandals called charoogh and malileh a handcraft made with silver wires Zanjani artists make many things like various decorative dishes and their special covers as well as silver jewelry In ancient times Zanjan was known for its stainless and sharp knives But this tradition is gradually becoming extinct by introduction of Chinese made knives into the market which are far cheaper more abundant and less artistic citation needed Many villagers today are traditional carpet weavers Zanjan s population boasts the highest level of happiness among the people of 30 other provinces in Iran according to a detailed survey conducted by Isna 4 Contents 1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Main sights in the city of Zanjan 4 1 Zanjan bazaar 4 2 Jameh Mosque of Zanjan 4 3 Saltmen museum at Zolfaghari House 4 4 Tofighi s building 4 5 Match company 3 stars match company 4 6 Dadamaan Hotel Zanjan 4 7 Sangi Caravanserai 4 8 Rakhtshooy Khaneh Edifice 5 Industries 5 1 Handicrafts 6 Colleges and universities 7 Sports 8 Demographics 9 Notable people 10 Photo gallery 11 Sister cities 12 See also 13 References 14 Sources 15 External linksHistory Edit Drawing by Eugene Flandin According to the Nuzhat al Qulub of the 14th century Iranian geographer Hamdallah Mustawfi died after 1339 40 Zanjan was said to have been founded by the first Sasanian ruler Ardashir I r 224 242 who named it Shahin During the Arab invasion of Iran Zanjan was conquered in 645 by a force led by al Barra ibn Azib Medieval geographers generally agree that Zanjan was located in the region of Jibal Persian Iraq near the frontier of the neighbouring region of Azerbaijan Some geographers also include Zanjan as part of Daylam or Ray 5 After 833 the Abbasid Caliphate had a chain of forts constructed from Zanjan to Ardabil to counter the 817 837 rebellion of the Khurramite leader Babak Khorramdin died 838 6 In the 10th century Zanjan was ruled by local Daylamite dynasties such as the Musafirids 919 1062 5 According to the 13th century Arab geographer Yaqut al Hamawi died 1229 the Persians referred the city as Zangan 7 During the Ilkhanate era 1256 1335 the inhabitants were reported by Hamdallah Mustawfi to have spoken pure Pahlavi pahlavi e rast a Median or northern form of Persian 8 9 One important moment in the history of the city was in 1851 when the city became a center for the suppressed Babi religious movement along with Neyriz and a fortress known as Shaykh Tabarsi The forces of the central government captured the Babi fort in Zanjan after a long siege on the orders of Grand Vizier Prime Minister of Iran Amir Kabir and killed or expelled the Bab s followers 10 Geography EditAccording to the Food and Agriculture Organization FAO of the United Nations rainfed agriculture makes up around 42 of Zanjan s land cover and grasslands account for another 37 The remainder is bareland irrigated agriculture forest orchard and riverbanks Only 1 07 of the land is urban development 11 Climate EditZanjan has a cold semi arid climate Koppen climate classification BSk with hot dry summers and cold moist winters often with snowfall Precipitation is very low and mostly falls between October and May On February 13 2020 a temperature of 21 0 ºC 5 8 F was recorded 12 Climate data for ZanjanMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 17 0 62 6 22 0 71 6 25 0 77 0 27 0 80 6 32 0 89 6 38 0 100 4 40 0 104 0 39 4 102 9 35 0 95 0 30 0 86 0 23 0 73 4 18 0 64 4 40 0 104 0 Average high C F 2 1 35 8 4 3 39 7 10 3 50 5 17 0 62 6 22 8 73 0 28 8 83 8 32 2 90 0 31 6 88 9 28 1 82 6 20 4 68 7 12 7 54 9 5 5 41 9 18 0 64 4 Daily mean C F 3 27 0 8 30 6 4 9 40 8 11 0 51 8 16 4 61 5 21 7 71 1 25 2 77 4 24 4 75 9 20 3 68 5 13 5 56 3 6 8 44 2 0 4 32 7 11 73 53 12 Average low C F 8 1 17 4 6 4 20 5 1 2 29 8 3 7 38 7 7 6 45 7 11 2 52 2 14 9 58 8 14 2 57 6 9 9 49 8 5 5 41 9 0 7 33 3 4 4 24 1 4 0 39 1 Average precipitation mm inches 33 5 1 32 30 0 1 18 45 7 1 80 56 5 2 22 46 2 1 82 7 3 0 29 4 6 0 18 3 4 0 13 4 2 0 17 26 0 1 02 28 8 1 13 29 2 1 15 315 4 12 41 Average precipitation days 10 7 9 4 12 5 12 3 11 1 3 3 2 1 2 3 1 7 6 5 7 3 9 6 88 8Average relative humidity 72 69 61 54 49 40 38 39 38 49 59 68 53Mean monthly sunshine hours 150 1 139 3 172 5 213 3 267 2 328 9 334 5 317 3 295 8 229 3 164 7 137 0 2 749 9Source NOAA 1961 1990 13 Main sights in the city of Zanjan Edit Soltaniyeh Dome Zanjan bazaar Edit Zanjan s bazaar is a public marketplace that started in Agha Mohammadkhan Ghajar era in 1784 CE and completed in 1792 CE during the Fath Ali Shah era 14 Mosques and a bath were added later This bazaar has 940 shops which consist of two defined parts namely Bazaar e Bala upper bazaar and Bazaar e Paieen lower bazaar 14 Vendors are organized by their professions and commodities 14 Jameh Mosque of Zanjan Edit The central mosque of Zanjan is also known as the Seyyed Mosque Masjid e Seyyed this was constructed in 1826 during the Qajar era by one of Fath Ali Shah s sons 15 This mosque was built in the old area of the city and it s the religious center of Zajan Saltmen museum at Zolfaghari House Edit It s built on Imam Street This building holds six naturally preserved human remains called saltmen or namaki which had been discovered in 1993 in the Chehrabad salt mines These remains are originally from Achaemenian era Tofighi s building Edit Tofighi s building is related to last parts of Qajar era and Pahlavi era It s built on Imam Street It was a house of the greatest man of Zanjan that was mayor of city This building has 2 floors and consists of a symmetrical form Match company 3 stars match company Edit Match company is related to Pahlavi s era and located on Safa street It is the second company of city and constructed before the second world war by Mahmud Shalchi It has an exclusive brick chimney Dadamaan Hotel Zanjan Edit The old abbey was constructed 200 years ago in the area of Enghelab square which is the most central and oldest part of Zanjan It initially served as a caravanserai and then for approx 80 years it was the house of one of Zanjan s scholars Sheikh Jalal Ashabi It had been uninhabited for 20 years after the passing of the Seikh from 1997 It began to be renovated in 2017 and now serves as a traditional hotel Sangi Caravanserai Edit The Sangi Caravanserai stone caravanserai is an ancient roadside inn constructed in Safavi era and was converted into a restaurant in the 1990s 16 17 It s a single story stone building that has four iwans porches and a ceiling that is arcuate Rakhtshooy Khaneh Edifice Edit The Rakhtshooy Khaneh Edifice is a historical wash house and Iranian national heritage site that is currently being used as Zanjan anthropological museum Industries EditLead Zinc Pasteurized milk Chemical productions Weaving Cotton Food productions Transformator Electrical productions clarification needed Handicrafts Edit The most famous handicrafts are knives charuq a local style of women s shoes similar to clodhopper shoes 18 filigree and gilding Gilding is the one important art for decoration the books and calligraphies Other handicrafts include coppersmithing rug weaving and carpet weaving including Kilm and Jajim style 18 Colleges and universities EditZanjan is also home to several universities such as University of Zanjan Zanjan University of Medical Sciences Islamic Azad University of Zanjan Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences IASBS Sports EditZanjan is known for having one of the best indoor sport climbing walls in the Middle East located in Enghelab sports complex The facility also includes standard speed climbing walls The city s football team is Shahrdari Zanjan F C who play in the 2nd Division 19 Demographics EditApproximately half of the population of Zanjan Province lives in Zanjan city 3 In a 2017 study researchers concluded that Azerbaijani speaking families in the city display language shift to Persian 3 Notable people EditFor a complete list see Category People from Zanjan Iran Syed Miran Hussain Zanjani an 11th century Sayyid Sufi mystic who travelled to and settled in Lahore to preach Islam Shahab al Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi was a Persian philosopher and founder of the Iranian school of Illuminationism an important school in Islamic philosophy that drew upon Zoroastrian and Platonic ideas Asadollah Bayat Zanjani is an Iranian theologian Islamic philosopher writer and Grand marja of Islam Hujjat was an early leader of the Babi movement of 19th century Persia Reza Mirkarimi is a contemporary film writer director and producer Mousa Shubairi Zanjani is an Iranian shia Marja Yousef Sobouti is a contemporary Iranian theoretical physicist Mehdi Sohrabi is an Iranian professional racing cyclist Amir Hatami is an Iranian regular army Artesh officer with the rank of Brigadier general and the current minister of defense of Iran Abbas Ali Amid Zanjani was an Iranian politician and cleric Saeid Mahdioun was an Iranian fighter pilot Majid Shahriari was a nuclear scientist and engineer who worked with the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Jamileh Sheykhi was an Iranian actress Mirza Abutaleb Zanjani was an Iranian jurist and Shia scholar Mohammad Ezodin Hosseini Zanjani is an Iranian shia Marja Farah Ossouli is an Iranian painter Jamshid Ansari is an Iranian reformist politician Abdulkarim Zanjani was a Shiite man Mohammad Yeganeh was an Iranian economist who was the Governor of the Central Bank of Iran from 1973 1975 Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Zanjani is an Iranian shia Marja Reza Zanjani was a Shia Iranian cleric Masoud Roghani Zanjani was an Iranian academic economist scholar Fatemeh Rakeei is an Iranian politician linguist poet Ali Shakouri Rad is an Iranian physician and reformist politician Mahsa Javar is an Iranian competitive rower Mohsen Mohammadseifi is an Iranian wushu athlete Abdul Karim Kho ini Zanjani was an Iranian scholar and cleric Ali Akbar Saremi was an architect from Iran Mohammad Kiavash was an Iranian politician Meisam Nassiri is an Iranian freestyle wrestler Ebadollah S Mahmoodian is a retired professor of Mathematics Hossein Monzavi was a prominent Iranian poet Hossein Abedini is an Iranian actor Ahmad Hakimipour is an Iranian reformist politician Davoud Maleki a retired Iranian featherweight weightlifter Seyed Esmaeil Mousavi Zanjani Iranian Politician Sadollah Nasiri Gheydari is a University professor Asadollah Bayat Zanjani Mousa Shubairi Zanjani Amir Hatami Reza Mirkarimi Ali Akbar Saremi Yousef Sobouti Mehdi SohrabiPhoto gallery Edit Archaeology museum of Zanjan Seyyed Mosque Bazaar of Zanjan Rakhtshur khaneh traditional laundry house of Qajar era Zanjan s Museum of Anthropology University of Zanjan Soltaniyeh s tiles interior designs Sister cities Edit Trabzon Turkey 20 Malacca Malaysia 20 See also Edit Iran portal Rakhtshooy Khaneh Edifice Zanjan KhanateReferences Edit Statistical Center of Iran gt Home درگاه ملی آمار 2020 12 19 Retrieved 2021 04 05 Zanjan Iran can be found at GEOnet Names Server at this link by opening the Advanced Search box entering 3088976 in the Unique Feature Id form and clicking on Search Database a b c Mirvahedi Seyed Hadi Jafari Rasoul 2017 Family language policy in the City of Zanjan a city for the forlorn Azerbaijani International Journal of Multilingualism 18 1 1 23 doi 10 1080 14790718 2018 1545019 ایسنا شادترين استانهاي ايران كدامند isna ir a b Bosworth 2002 p 446 Mottahedeh 1975 p 75 Le Strange 1905 p 222 Bosworth 2002 p 447 Yarshater 1988 pp 238 245 Abdu l Baha Edward Granville A Traveller s Narrative Written to Illustrate the Episode of the Bab Published by Kalimat Press 2004 ISBN 1 890688 37 1 ISBN 978 1 890688 37 0 Zanjan Province Land Cover Map PDF Food and Agriculture Organization 40729 Zanjan Iran ogimet com OGIMET February 13 2020 Retrieved November 12 2020 Zanjan Climate Normals 1961 1990 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved December 27 2012 a b c Zanjan Bazaar Iran Daily 2015 05 04 Retrieved 2019 01 27 Rasaneh Sirang Zanjan Jame Seyed Mosque in Zanjan Travel to IRAN itto org Iran Tourism amp Touring Retrieved 2019 01 27 Caravanserai Sangi Registered as National Monument Tehran Times 1998 12 01 Retrieved 2019 01 27 Canning Town Caravanserai Caravanserai in the Modern World Retrieved 2019 01 27 a b Rasaneh Sirang Handicrafts and Souvenirs of Zanjan in Zanjan Travel to IRAN itto org Iran Tourism amp Touring Retrieved 2019 01 27 تیم فوتبال شهرداری زنجان پیدا شد The football team of Zanjan Municipality was found newspaper hamshahrionline ir Retrieved 2021 04 05 تیم شهرداری زنجان طبق قانون قابل برگشت به شهرداری است و این موضوع با مصوبه اعضای شورای شهر مطالبه می شود The Zanjan Municipality team can be returned to the municipality according to the law and this issue is demanded with the approval of the city council members a b Zanjan sister Malacca Malaysia Zanjan Shora 2013 09 29 Retrieved 2015 12 12 Sources EditBosworth C E 2002 Zand j an In Bearman P J Bianquis Th Bosworth C E van Donzel E amp Heinrichs W P eds The Encyclopaedia of Islam New Edition Volume XI W Z Leiden E J Brill pp 446 447 ISBN 978 90 04 12756 2 Le Strange Guy 1905 The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate Mesopotamia Persia and Central Asia from the Moslem Conquest to the Time of Timur New York Barnes amp Noble Inc OCLC 1044046 Mottahedeh Roy 1975 The Abbasid Caliphate in Iran In Frye Richard N ed The Cambridge History of Iran Volume 4 From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs Cambridge Cambridge University Press pp 57 89 ISBN 0 521 20093 8 Yarshater Ehsan 1988 Azerbaijan vii The Iranian Language of Azerbaijan In Yarshater Ehsan ed Encyclopaedia Iranica Volume III 3 Azerbaijan IV Bacca ye Saqqa London and New York Routledge amp Kegan Paul pp 238 245 ISBN 978 0 71009 115 4 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Zanjan Official website of Zanjan Governorship zanjansite Official website of Zanjan chamber of commerce Sultaniyeh Dome Official website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zanjan Iran amp oldid 1084768476, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

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, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.