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Zapotlán del Rey

Zapotlán del Rey is a town and municipality in Jalisco in west-central Mexico. The municipality covers an area of 320.90 km².

This town became popular back in the years due to multiple UFO sightings and alleged extraterrestrial beings known as the greys around the highschool and nearby farms to the highschool.

Similar stories at nearby cities like Ocotlán, Jalisco.

As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 16,274.

Contents

Zapotlán is derived from the Nahuatl word "Tzapotlán", and it means: "place where sapotes abound".

Upon the arrival of the Spanish conquerors, the region was inhabited by Tecuex and Nahua tribes and their dialect was Tepecuexe. The date of its foundation is unknown. Its primitive population settled to the northwest of the current population on the hill called "La Coronita" ("The Little Crown").

In 1529, Nuño de Guzmán sent Pedro Almíndez Chirino to conquer the eastern and northern region. Almíndez arrived in Tzapotlán and because it was King Spain's birthday day, he named it Zapotlán del Rey, a name that lasts to this day. As a sign of his passing through this town, he placed a wooden cross in the place where the atrium of the parish church is located today. In 1537 the encomendero Jorge Simón de Verapaz arrived, who wanted to force a group of native amerindians to go to found Santa Mónica de La Barca in the land of Chicnahuatenco. But they resisted, so Jorge Simón had the idea of setting fire to the Tepeltac neighborhood to force the indigenous people to emigrate. The group that founded La Barca was distinguished by its multi-colored clothing and by playing an instrument called chirimia. After the Conquest, this population continued under the authorities of the Spanish encomenderos with known slavery and mistreatment. On November 11, 1810, the liberator Miguel Hidalgo passed through this town with his army that came from the victory obtained in the Monte de las Cruces and was heading to Guadalajara to join with the insurgent José Antonio Torres, who had taken the city.

In 1888, Zapotlán de Rey belonged to Tototlán and in 1890 it was a borough of that same municipality with the category of town. It belonged to the Third Canton of La Barca. By decree number 1542, on January 9, 1913, Zapotlán del Rey was elevated to the category of municipality.

In recent years it became a popular municipality due to its multiple sightings of alleged extraterrestrial beings near Technical High School No. 95 and nearby farms.

Coat of Arms of the Municipality of Zapotlán del Rey

Description

It is a coat of arms with a French shape, diagonally divided from upper right to lower left.

In the first canton you can see a landscape where the Hill of La Coronita ("The Little Crown") stands out in the background, as well as a sapote tree under which the following inscription appears: Zapotl = sapote, Tlan = place. In the foreground there is a desk on which there is an open book and an inkwell with a pen.

In the second canton it shows the figures of an ear of corn, a wheat spike, a bull, a cow, a tractor running on the furrows of a field.

On the golden border appears the legend: "DEMOCRACIA, CULTURA, PROGRESO".

By timbre or crest, a double-headed eagle of brown color, that wears a golden crown encrusted with gems.

In its claws the bird holds a golden ribbon where the official name of the municipality of ZAPOTLAN DEL REY is read.

The shield was designed by engineer Abel Morales Villaseñor and citizen José Martín Solís Godínez.

Meaning

The emblem that represents this municipality contains on its body elements that distinguish and characterize it in the region and in the state.

The Hill of La Coronita alludes to the site where the first inhabitants of Zapotlán, who belonged to the Naho Tecuexes, settled. In pre-Hispanic times this town belonged to the Coinan Tlatoanazgo.

The sapote tree and the words zapotl (sapote) and tlan (place) are the graphic representation of what the name of the municipality means, since the word Zapotlán translates as "place where sapotes abound", "place of sapotes" or "next to the sapotes."

The book and the inkwell with a pen on the desk symbolize education as one of the fundamental values for the inhabitants of this municipality.

The agricultural products, the bovine specimens and the tractor cultivating the field represent the agricultural branch as the main economic sector of the municipality.

The inscription on the border is the motto that distinguishes the natives of Zapotlán del Rey.

The double-headed eagle, the crown and the gold ribbon allude to the Spanish conquest of this place, in 1529, by Pedro Almíndez Chirinos. The day that Chirinos arrived in Tzapotlán was the date of the King of Spain's name day so, in honor of the monarch, he named this place Zapotlán del Rey, a name that lasts to this day.

The official colors of the shield are brown, green and gold.

Location

Zapotlán del Rey is located in the Southeast area of Jalisco, between the geographical coordinates 20° 24' 00" to 20° 34' 00" of North latitude and 102° 45' 30" to 103° 04' 30" of West longitude; at a height of 5085 feet over sea level (1550 meters).

The municipality borders to the North with the municipalities of Zapotlanejo and Tototlán; to the East with the municipalities of Tototlán and Ocotlán; to the South with the municipalities of Ocotlán and Poncitlán; to the West with the municipalities of Poncitlán, Juanacatlán, and Zapotlanejo.

Topography

Its surface is made up of flat areas (53%), rugged areas (27%) and semi-flat areas (20%).

Soils. The territory is made up of lands that belong to the Quaternary period. The subsoil is formed by acid extrusive rocks, volcanic breccia and tuff in the upper parts; in the hills and ridges of the lowlands there are conglomerates, sandstones and soils of lake formation. In the hills and slopes the composition of the soils is of predominant types Feozem Haplic and Luvic, associated with Vertisol Pelic; in the lower parts there is Ferric Luvisol with Eutric Planosol.

Area. The municipality has a land area of 79,296 acres (32,090 hectares), of which 24,036 acres are used for agricultural purposes, 42,630 acres in livestock activities, 7166 acres are for forestry use, 546 acres are for urban land and 4917 acres have other uses. As far as property is concerned, an area of 34,451 acres is private and another of 37,253 acres is ejidal; 7591 acres are communal property.

Hydrography

Its hydrological resources are provided by the Río Santiago, which comes from the South. In the central region of the municipality is located the La Colonia dam, and to the north, the Rincón de Chila spring. There are also brooks: Agua Caliente, Cañada de Chila, El Sauz, Tepehuaje, Rincón de la Cañada, Agua Fría, Los Sabinos, Ladronera Prieto and Humarán. There are also several springs: Agua Caliente, Zapotlán, and Cañada, as well as the dams: La Cañada and Chila.

Climate

The climate is semi-dry, winters and spring dry, and semi-warm. No well-defined winter thermal change. The average annual temperature is 68° F, with a maximum of 82.5° F and a minimum of 54.5° F. It has an average rainfall of 819.1 millimeters. The annual average number of days with frost is 12. The prevailing winds are from the West in the months of January to May, and from the East in the months of June to December.

Its vegetation is basically made up of pine, oak, natural pastures, kidneywood, and tepehuaje, without actually forming wooded areas.

Deers, rabbits, hares, squirrels, some reptiles, and smaller species, as well as a great variety of birds, inhabit this region.

Agave cultivation, north of "El Salto"

Cattle raising. Cattle, horses, goats, and pigs are raised. Besides, there are beehives.

Farming. Corn, sorghum, wheat, chickpea, and agave stand out.

Commerce. Establishments dedicated to the sale of basic necessities and mixed shops that sell various items predominate.

Industry. The main industrial activity is manufacturing. In the municipality, out of town, there is a tequila distiller and bottler called Destiladora de Agave Hacienda Los Huajes.

Services. Technical, communal, social, personal, administrative, and maintenance services are provided.

Media. There is a newspaper called El Informativo de Zapotlán del Rey.

The municipality of Zapotlán del Rey has facilities which serve to the following levels of education:

Preschool.

Primary.

Secondary. Technical Secondary School No. 95 stands out.

Preparatory. A preparatory school managed by the University of Guadalajara.

The form of government is democratic and depends on Jalisco state government, and federal government. Elections are held every three years, when the municipal president and her/his council are elected.

Municipal presidents

Term Municipal president Political party Notes
01/01/1983-31/12/1985 Álvaro Maldonado Flores PRI
01/01/1986-31/12/1988 Raúl Hernández Hernández PRI
01/01/1989-1992 Jaime Castellanos Flores PRI
1992-1993 J. Jesús Castellanos Plascencia PRI
1993-1995 Rosalío González Guerrero PRI
01/01/1995-31/12/1997 Silverio Ayala Baldovinos PRI
01/01/1998-31/12/2000 J. Merced García Gama PRI
01/01/2001-31/12/2003 Juan Flores Ramírez PRI
01/01/2004-??/04/2006 Gumercindo Castellanos Flores PAN
??/04/2006-31/12/2006 Hugo Armando Escobar Sahagún PAN Acting municipal president
01/01/2007-31/12/2009 Daniel Nápoles Herrera PRI
01/01/2010-30/09/2012 Carlos Omar Godínez Nápoles PAN
01/10/2012-30/09/2015 J. Jesús Cuevas García PRI
PVEM
Coalition "Compromise for Jalisco"
01/10/2015-30/09/2018 Celso Flores Hernández PRD
01/10/2018-30/09/2021 Saúl Padilla Gutiérrez PVEM
01/10/2021- Saúl Padilla Gutiérrez MC Reelected municipal president
A view from "El Salto", a cloudy day

Architecture

Handicrafts

  • Elaboration of: textiles, carved wood, tule furniture, ceramics and cabinetmaking.

Spas

  • Parque Agua Caliente (Hot Water Park) – Los Pocitos (The Little Water Wells).
  • El Tanque de la Cañada – The Tank of the Glen.
  • Agua Caliente del Tejocote – Hot Water of the Hawthorn

Churches

  • Parish temple of la Santísima Trinidad (The Most Holy Trinity).

Parks and reserves

  • Hot Water Park – Los Pocitos.
  • Cerro El Salto — Hill The Jump.
  • Viewpoint at Cerro Grande (Viewpoint at Large Hill).
  • Los Sabinos de Chila – The Savins of Chila.
  • Agua Caliente del Tejocote – Hot Water of the Hawthorn.

Civil festivals

  • Anniversary of the foundation, January 15.
In the "Burning of Judas" people go through the whole town with the band, while they fight with flour and eggs, they end up in the square, and burn a Judas Iscariot effigy by using "squib crackers"

Religious festivals

  • The meeting of the Child and the Virgin, October 17.
  • Party in honor of Our Lady of Help. Last Sunday in October.
  • Traditional Burning of Judas.

Zapotlán del Rey
Zapotlan del Rey Language Watch Edit Zapotlan del Rey is a town and municipality in Jalisco in west central Mexico The municipality covers an area of 320 90 km Zapotlan del ReyMunicipality and citySealZapotlan del ReyLocation in MexicoCoordinates 20 28 2 712 N 102 55 29 352 W 20 46742000 N 102 92482000 W 20 46742000 102 92482000 Coordinates 20 28 2 712 N 102 55 29 352 W 20 46742000 N 102 92482000 W 20 46742000 102 92482000Country MexicoStateJaliscoArea Total320 90 km2 123 90 sq mi Population 2005 Total16 274Time zoneUTC 6 Central Standard Time Summer DST UTC 5 Central Daylight Time Area code s 391Websitehttp www zapotlandelrey jalisco gob mx index html This town became popular back in the years due to multiple UFO sightings and alleged extraterrestrial beings known as the greys around the highschool and nearby farms to the highschool Similar stories at nearby cities like Ocotlan Jalisco As of 2005 the municipality had a total population of 16 274 1 Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 3 Coat of arms 3 1 Description 3 2 Meaning 4 Geography 4 1 Location 4 2 Topography 4 3 Hydrography 4 4 Climate 5 Flora and fauna 6 Economy 7 Education 8 Government 8 1 Municipal presidents 9 Tourism 10 Feasts 11 ReferencesEtymology EditZapotlan is derived from the Nahuatl word Tzapotlan and it means place where sapotes abound History EditUpon the arrival of the Spanish conquerors the region was inhabited by Tecuex and Nahua tribes and their dialect was Tepecuexe The date of its foundation is unknown Its primitive population settled to the northwest of the current population on the hill called La Coronita The Little Crown In 1529 Nuno de Guzman sent Pedro Almindez Chirino to conquer the eastern and northern region Almindez arrived in Tzapotlan and because it was King Spain s birthday day he named it Zapotlan del Rey a name that lasts to this day As a sign of his passing through this town he placed a wooden cross in the place where the atrium of the parish church is located today In 1537 the encomendero Jorge Simon de Verapaz arrived who wanted to force a group of native amerindians to go to found Santa Monica de La Barca in the land of Chicnahuatenco But they resisted so Jorge Simon had the idea of setting fire to the Tepeltac neighborhood to force the indigenous people to emigrate The group that founded La Barca was distinguished by its multi colored clothing and by playing an instrument called chirimia After the Conquest this population continued under the authorities of the Spanish encomenderos with known slavery and mistreatment On November 11 1810 the liberator Miguel Hidalgo passed through this town with his army that came from the victory obtained in the Monte de las Cruces and was heading to Guadalajara to join with the insurgent Jose Antonio Torres who had taken the city In 1888 Zapotlan de Rey belonged to Tototlan and in 1890 it was a borough of that same municipality with the category of town It belonged to the Third Canton of La Barca By decree number 1542 on January 9 1913 Zapotlan del Rey was elevated to the category of municipality In recent years it became a popular municipality due to its multiple sightings of alleged extraterrestrial beings near Technical High School No 95 and nearby farms Coat of arms Edit Coat of Arms of the Municipality of Zapotlan del Rey Description Edit It is a coat of arms with a French shape diagonally divided from upper right to lower left In the first canton you can see a landscape where the Hill of La Coronita The Little Crown stands out in the background as well as a sapote tree under which the following inscription appears Zapotl sapote Tlan place In the foreground there is a desk on which there is an open book and an inkwell with a pen In the second canton it shows the figures of an ear of corn a wheat spike a bull a cow a tractor running on the furrows of a field On the golden border appears the legend DEMOCRACIA CULTURA PROGRESO By timbre or crest a double headed eagle of brown color that wears a golden crown encrusted with gems In its claws the bird holds a golden ribbon where the official name of the municipality of ZAPOTLAN DEL REY is read The shield was designed by engineer Abel Morales Villasenor and citizen Jose Martin Solis Godinez Meaning Edit The emblem that represents this municipality contains on its body elements that distinguish and characterize it in the region and in the state The Hill of La Coronita alludes to the site where the first inhabitants of Zapotlan who belonged to the Naho Tecuexes settled In pre Hispanic times this town belonged to the Coinan Tlatoanazgo The sapote tree and the words zapotl sapote and tlan place are the graphic representation of what the name of the municipality means since the word Zapotlan translates as place where sapotes abound place of sapotes or next to the sapotes The book and the inkwell with a pen on the desk symbolize education as one of the fundamental values for the inhabitants of this municipality The agricultural products the bovine specimens and the tractor cultivating the field represent the agricultural branch as the main economic sector of the municipality The inscription on the border is the motto that distinguishes the natives of Zapotlan del Rey The double headed eagle the crown and the gold ribbon allude to the Spanish conquest of this place in 1529 by Pedro Almindez Chirinos The day that Chirinos arrived in Tzapotlan was the date of the King of Spain s name day so in honor of the monarch he named this place Zapotlan del Rey a name that lasts to this day The official colors of the shield are brown green and gold Geography EditLocation Edit Zapotlan del Rey is located in the Southeast area of Jalisco between the geographical coordinates 20 24 00 to 20 34 00 of North latitude and 102 45 30 to 103 04 30 of West longitude at a height of 5085 feet over sea level 1550 meters The municipality borders to the North with the municipalities of Zapotlanejo and Tototlan to the East with the municipalities of Tototlan and Ocotlan to the South with the municipalities of Ocotlan and Poncitlan to the West with the municipalities of Poncitlan Juanacatlan and Zapotlanejo Topography Edit Its surface is made up of flat areas 53 rugged areas 27 and semi flat areas 20 Soils The territory is made up of lands that belong to the Quaternary period The subsoil is formed by acid extrusive rocks volcanic breccia and tuff in the upper parts in the hills and ridges of the lowlands there are conglomerates sandstones and soils of lake formation In the hills and slopes the composition of the soils is of predominant types Feozem Haplic and Luvic associated with Vertisol Pelic in the lower parts there is Ferric Luvisol with Eutric Planosol Area The municipality has a land area of 79 296 acres 32 090 hectares of which 24 036 acres are used for agricultural purposes 42 630 acres in livestock activities 7166 acres are for forestry use 546 acres are for urban land and 4917 acres have other uses As far as property is concerned an area of 34 451 acres is private and another of 37 253 acres is ejidal 7591 acres are communal property Hydrography Edit Its hydrological resources are provided by the Rio Santiago which comes from the South In the central region of the municipality is located the La Colonia dam and to the north the Rincon de Chila spring There are also brooks Agua Caliente Canada de Chila El Sauz Tepehuaje Rincon de la Canada Agua Fria Los Sabinos Ladronera Prieto and Humaran There are also several springs Agua Caliente Zapotlan and Canada as well as the dams La Canada and Chila Climate Edit The climate is semi dry winters and spring dry and semi warm No well defined winter thermal change The average annual temperature is 68 F with a maximum of 82 5 F and a minimum of 54 5 F It has an average rainfall of 819 1 millimeters The annual average number of days with frost is 12 The prevailing winds are from the West in the months of January to May and from the East in the months of June to December Flora and fauna EditIts vegetation is basically made up of pine oak natural pastures kidneywood and tepehuaje without actually forming wooded areas Deers rabbits hares squirrels some reptiles and smaller species as well as a great variety of birds inhabit this region Economy Edit Agave cultivation north of El Salto Cattle raising Cattle horses goats and pigs are raised Besides there are beehives Farming Corn sorghum wheat chickpea and agave stand out Commerce Establishments dedicated to the sale of basic necessities and mixed shops that sell various items predominate Industry The main industrial activity is manufacturing In the municipality out of town there is a tequila distiller and bottler called Destiladora de Agave Hacienda Los Huajes Services Technical communal social personal administrative and maintenance services are provided Media There is a newspaper called El Informativo de Zapotlan del Rey Education EditThe municipality of Zapotlan del Rey has facilities which serve to the following levels of education Preschool Primary Secondary Technical Secondary School No 95 stands out Preparatory A preparatory school managed by the University of Guadalajara Government EditThe form of government is democratic and depends on Jalisco state government and federal government Elections are held every three years when the municipal president and her his council are elected Municipal presidents Edit Term Municipal president Political party Notes01 01 1983 31 12 1985 2 3 Alvaro Maldonado Flores PRI 01 01 1986 31 12 1988 Raul Hernandez Hernandez PRI 01 01 1989 1992 Jaime Castellanos Flores PRI 1992 1993 J Jesus Castellanos Plascencia PRI 1993 1995 Rosalio Gonzalez Guerrero PRI 01 01 1995 31 12 1997 Silverio Ayala Baldovinos PRI 01 01 1998 31 12 2000 J Merced Garcia Gama PRI 01 01 2001 31 12 2003 Juan Flores Ramirez PRI 01 01 2004 04 2006 Gumercindo Castellanos Flores PAN 04 2006 31 12 2006 Hugo Armando Escobar Sahagun PAN Acting municipal president01 01 2007 31 12 2009 Daniel Napoles Herrera PRI 01 01 2010 30 09 2012 Carlos Omar Godinez Napoles PAN 01 10 2012 30 09 2015 J Jesus Cuevas Garcia PRI PVEM Coalition Compromise for Jalisco 01 10 2015 30 09 2018 Celso Flores Hernandez PRD 01 10 2018 30 09 2021 Saul Padilla Gutierrez PVEM 01 10 2021 Saul Padilla Gutierrez MC Reelected municipal presidentTourism Edit A view from El Salto a cloudy day Architecture Former haciendas Handicrafts Elaboration of textiles carved wood tule furniture ceramics and cabinetmaking Spas Parque Agua Caliente Hot Water Park Los Pocitos The Little Water Wells El Tanque de la Canada The Tank of the Glen Agua Caliente del Tejocote Hot Water of the Hawthorn Churches Parish temple of la Santisima Trinidad The Most Holy Trinity Parks and reserves Hot Water Park Los Pocitos Cerro El Salto Hill The Jump Viewpoint at Cerro Grande Viewpoint at Large Hill Los Sabinos de Chila The Savins of Chila Agua Caliente del Tejocote Hot Water of the Hawthorn Feasts EditCivil festivals Anniversary of the foundation January 15 In the Burning of Judas people go through the whole town with the band while they fight with flour and eggs they end up in the square and burn a Judas Iscariot effigy by using squib crackers Religious festivals The meeting of the Child and the Virgin October 17 Party in honor of Our Lady of Help Last Sunday in October Traditional Burning of Judas References Edit Zapotlan del Rey Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal Retrieved April 20 2009 Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de Mexico Estado de Jalisco Zapotlan del Rey in Spanish Retrieved 22 June 2021 Zapotlan del Rey Presidentes municipales in Spanish Retrieved 22 June 2021 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zapotlan del Rey amp oldid 1052255225, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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