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Zarqa Governorate

Zarqa Governorate (Arabic:محافظة الزرقاءMuħāfazat az-Zarqāʔ, local dialects ez-Zergā or ez-Zer'a) is the third largest governorate in Jordan by population. The capital of Zarqa governorate is Zarqa City, which is the largest city in the governorate. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of the Jordanian capital Amman. The second largest city in the governorate is Russeifa.

Zarqa Governorate
محافظة الزرقاء
CountryJordan
CapitalZarqa
Government
• GovernorMohammad Smairan
Area
• Total4,761 km2 (1,838 sq mi)
Population
(2012)
• Total951,800
• Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneGMT +2
• Summer (DST)+3
Area code(s)+(962)5
Urban94.5%
Rural5.5%
HDI (2017)0.726
high · 9th

Zarqa Governorate hosts the largest military and air bases of the Jordanian armed forces.

Contents

The city of Russeifa

The land of Zarqa Governorate has been inhabited since the Bronze Age, most prominent were the Ammonite kingdom and the Nabateans, who constructed the fort known as Qasr al Hallabat, which then was used as a fort by the Romans, and then as a desert palace by the Umayyads.

The wetlands in Azraq

The most significant historical remains are the Umayyad desert palaces, such as Qasr Amra, a World Heritage site, Qasr al Hallabat, Qasr Shabib in the center of the city of Zarqa, as well as the Castle of Azraq.

The Castle of Azraq

After the construction of the Hedjaz railway by the Ottoman Turks at the beginning of the 1900s, Zarqa became a strategically important hub that connects Damascus to Medina, the cities along the railway started flourishing. Later, Jordan's Arab Legion led by Glubb Pasha had its main bases in Zarqa.

Zarqa Governorate borders Mafraq Governorate from the north and north east, Amman Governorate from the south and south west, Jerash and Balqa Governorates from the west. It also shares an international border with Saudi Arabia in its south eastern edge.

Qasr Amra, A World Heritage Site

Most of the area covered by the governorate constitutes part of the Syrian desert plateau. the heavily populated western regions of the governorate constitute part of the Zarqa River basin. The two cities of Zarqa and Russeifa are the second and fourth largest cities in Jordan.

The census of 2004 shows that the population of Zarqa Governorate for that year was 764,650 of whom 94.5% is considered urban population and 5.5% is a rural population. Jordanian citizens made up 97% of the population. The female to male ratio was 46% to 54%. The Jordanian Department of Statistics population estimate for the year 2010 is 910,800 with a female to male ratio of 48.25 to 51.75 and a population density of 191.3 persons per Km2

Demographics of Zarqa Governorate 2004 Census 2010 Estimate
Female to Male ratio 46% to 54% 48.25% to 51.75%
Jordanian citizens to foreign nationals 97% to 3% N/A
Urban population 727,268 860,700
Rural population 37,382 50,100
Total population 764,650 910,800

The population of districts according to census results:

District Population
(Census 1994)
Population
(Census 2004)
Population
(Census 2015)
Zarqa Governorate 639,469 764,650 1,364,878
Al-Hāshimiyah ... 46,311 80,713
Ar-Ruṣayfah (Russeifa) ... 268,237 481,900
Qaṣabah az-Zarqā' ... 450,102 802,265

Zarqa Governorate is divided into three departments:

Departments of Zarqa Governorate by population (2004)
Department Arabic name Population (Census 2004) Administrative Center
1 Capital Department (Al-Qasaba) لواء قصبة الزرقاء 450,102 Zarqa
2 Russeifa Department لواء الرصيفة 268,237 Russeifa
3 Hashemiyya Department لواء الهاشمية 46,311 Hashemiyya
A Jordanian F-16 in the Muwaffaq Salti Air Base in Azraq

Due to its close location to the populated cities in Jordan, Zarqa Governorate has the largest number of factories in Jordan, Jordan's only oil refinery plant is located in Zarqa.

Muwaffaq Salti Air Base, the largest in the country, is located in Azraq. Zarqa Governorate hosts three universities, Hashemite University, Al-Balqa` Applied University-Zarqa College, and Zarqa Private University.

  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved2018-09-13.
  2. "Jordan National Census of 2004 Table 3-1"(PDF). Dos.gov.jo. Archived from the original(PDF) on July 22, 2011. Retrieved2015-09-27.
  3. "Jordan: Administrative Division, Governorates and Districts". citypopulation.de. Retrieved25 December 2016.
  4. "2004 Census"(PDF). Dos.gov.jo. Archived from the original(PDF) on July 22, 2011. Retrieved2015-09-27.
  5. "HU. The Hashemite University /الجامعة الهاشمية". Hu.edu.jo. Retrieved2015-09-27.
  6. "Al-Balqa Applied University". Bau.edu.jo. Retrieved2015-09-27.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toZarqa Governorate.

Coordinates:31°54′N36°45′E /31.900°N 36.750°E /31.900; 36.750

Zarqa Governorate
Zarqa Governorate Language Watch Edit Zarqa Governorate Arabic محافظة الزرقاء Muħafazat az Zarqaʔ local dialects ez Zerga or ez Zer a is the third largest governorate in Jordan by population The capital of Zarqa governorate is Zarqa City which is the largest city in the governorate It is located 25 kilometres 16 mi east of the Jordanian capital Amman The second largest city in the governorate is Russeifa Zarqa Governorate محافظة الزرقاءGovernorateCountry JordanCapitalZarqaGovernment GovernorMohammad SmairanArea Total4 761 km2 1 838 sq mi Population 2012 Total951 800 Density200 km2 520 sq mi Time zoneGMT 2 Summer DST 3Area code s 962 5Urban94 5 Rural5 5 HDI 2017 0 726 1 high 9th Zarqa Governorate hosts the largest military and air bases of the Jordanian armed forces Contents 1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Administrative divisions 5 Economy 6 References 7 External linksHistory Edit The city of Russeifa The land of Zarqa Governorate has been inhabited since the Bronze Age most prominent were the Ammonite kingdom and the Nabateans who constructed the fort known as Qasr al Hallabat which then was used as a fort by the Romans and then as a desert palace by the Umayyads The wetlands in Azraq The most significant historical remains are the Umayyad desert palaces such as Qasr Amra a World Heritage site Qasr al Hallabat Qasr Shabib in the center of the city of Zarqa as well as the Castle of Azraq The Castle of Azraq After the construction of the Hedjaz railway by the Ottoman Turks at the beginning of the 1900s Zarqa became a strategically important hub that connects Damascus to Medina the cities along the railway started flourishing Later Jordan s Arab Legion led by Glubb Pasha had its main bases in Zarqa Geography Edit The Nabatean Palace Qasr al Hallabat Zarqa Governorate borders Mafraq Governorate from the north and north east Amman Governorate from the south and south west Jerash and Balqa Governorates from the west It also shares an international border with Saudi Arabia in its south eastern edge Qasr Amra A World Heritage Site Most of the area covered by the governorate constitutes part of the Syrian desert plateau the heavily populated western regions of the governorate constitute part of the Zarqa River basin The two cities of Zarqa and Russeifa are the second and fourth largest cities in Jordan Demographics EditThe census of 2004 shows that the population of Zarqa Governorate for that year was 764 650 of whom 94 5 is considered urban population and 5 5 is a rural population Jordanian citizens made up 97 of the population The female to male ratio was 46 to 54 The Jordanian Department of Statistics population estimate for the year 2010 is 910 800 with a female to male ratio of 48 25 to 51 75 and a population density of 191 3 persons per Km2 Demographics of Zarqa Governorate 2004 Census 2 2010 EstimateFemale to Male ratio 46 to 54 48 25 to 51 75 Jordanian citizens to foreign nationals 97 to 3 N AUrban population 727 268 860 700Rural population 37 382 50 100Total population 764 650 910 800 The population of districts according to census results 3 District Population Census 1994 Population Census 2004 Population Census 2015 Zarqa Governorate 639 469 764 650 1 364 878Al Hashimiyah 46 311 80 713Ar Ruṣayfah Russeifa 268 237 481 900Qaṣabah az Zarqa 450 102 802 265Administrative divisions EditZarqa Governorate is divided into three departments Departments of Zarqa Governorate by population 2004 4 Department Arabic name Population Census 2004 Administrative Center1 Capital Department Al Qasaba لواء قصبة الزرقاء 450 102 Zarqa2 Russeifa Department لواء الرصيفة 268 237 Russeifa3 Hashemiyya Department لواء الهاشمية 46 311 HashemiyyaEconomy Edit A Jordanian F 16 in the Muwaffaq Salti Air Base in Azraq Due to its close location to the populated cities in Jordan Zarqa Governorate has the largest number of factories in Jordan Jordan s only oil refinery plant is located in Zarqa Muwaffaq Salti Air Base the largest in the country is located in Azraq Zarqa Governorate hosts three universities Hashemite University 5 Al Balqa Applied University Zarqa College 6 and Zarqa Private University References Edit Sub national HDI Area Database Global Data Lab hdi globaldatalab org Retrieved 2018 09 13 Jordan National Census of 2004 Table 3 1 PDF Dos gov jo Archived from the original PDF on July 22 2011 Retrieved 2015 09 27 Jordan Administrative Division Governorates and Districts citypopulation de Retrieved 25 December 2016 2004 Census PDF Dos gov jo Archived from the original PDF on July 22 2011 Retrieved 2015 09 27 HU The Hashemite University الجامعة الهاشمية Hu edu jo Retrieved 2015 09 27 Al Balqa Applied University Bau edu jo Retrieved 2015 09 27 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Zarqa Governorate Coordinates 31 54 N 36 45 E 31 900 N 36 750 E 31 900 36 750 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zarqa Governorate amp oldid 1019085777, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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