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Zayin

This article is about Semitic letter. For other uses, see Zayn.
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Zayin (also spelled zain or zayn or simply zay) is the seventh letter of the Semitic abjads, including Phoenician Zayin , Hebrew 'Zayin ז‎, Yiddish Zoyen ז‎, Aramaic Zain , Syriac Zayn ܙ, and Arabic Zayn or Zāyز. It represents the sound[z].

Zayin
Phoenician
Hebrew
ז
Aramaic
Syriac
ܙ
Arabic
ز
z
Position in alphabet7
Numerical value7
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician
GreekΖ
LatinZ, Ʒ,
CyrillicЗ

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek zeta (Ζ), Etruscan z , Latin Z, and Cyrillic Ze З.

Contents

The Proto-Sinaitic glyph may have been called ziqq, based on a hieroglyph depicting a "manacle".

The Phoenician letter appears to be named after a sword or other weapon. In Mishnaic Hebrew, zayin (זין‎) means "sword", and the verb lezayen (לזיין‎) means "to arm". In Modern Hebrew slang, zayin (זין‎) means "penis" and lezayen (לזין‎) is a vulgar term which generally means to perform sexual intercourse, although the older meaning survives in maavak mezuyan ("armed struggle") (מאבק מזוין‎), kokhot mezuyanim ("armed forces") (כוחות מזוינים‎), and beton mezuyan (בטון מזוין‎) ("armed, i.e., reinforced concrete").

The letter is named zāy. It has two forms, depending on its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
()
ز ـز ـز ز

The similarity to rāʼ ر is likely a function of the original Syriac forms converging to a single symbol, requiring that one of them be distinguished as a dot; a similar process occurred to jīm and ḥāʼ.

The same letter has another name – ze – in a number of languages, such as Persian.

Že

Main article: ژ

It also has a modified version: ژ Persian pronunciation: , which is used in Persian, Pashto, Kurdish, Urdu and Uyghur (see K̡ona Yezik̡).

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
()
ژ ـژ ـژ ژ
Orthographic variants
Various print fonts Cursive Hebrew Rashi script
Serif Sans-serif Monospaced
ז ז ז

In modern Hebrew, the frequency of the usage of zayin, out of all the letters, is 0.88%.

Hebrew spelling: זַיִן

In modern Hebrew, the combination ז׳‎ (zayin followed by a geresh) is used in loanwords and foreign names to denote[ʒ] as in vision.

Significance

Numerical value (gematria)

In gematria, zayin represents the number seven, and when used at the beginning of Hebrew years it means 7000 (i.e.זתשנד in numbers would be the future date 7754).

Use in Torah scroll

Zayin is also one of the seven letters which receive a special crown (called a tagin) when written in a Sefer Torah (Torah scroll), besides ʻayin, gimel, teth, nun, shin, and tzadi.

Meaning as a noun

For the Mishnaic and Modern Hebrew meaning of 'zayin' as a noun, see above.

It is one of several Hebrew letters that have an additional meaning as a noun. The others are: bet [ב‎, the 2nd letter], whose name is a grammatical form of the word for 'house' (בית); vav [ו‎, the 6th letter], whose name means 'hook' (וו); kaf [כ‎, the 11th], whose name means 'palm [of the hand]' or 'tablespoon' (כף); ʻayin [ע‎, the 16th], whose name means 'eye' (עין); pe [פ‎, the 17th], whose name means 'mouth' (פה); qof [ק‎, the 19th], whose name means 'monkey' or "eye of needle" (קוף); tav [ת‎, the 22nd], whose name means 'mark' (תו), and several other Hebrew letters, whose names are ancient Hebrew forms of nouns still used, with a slight change of form or pronunciation, as nouns in modern Hebrew.

Zain is a consonant with the/z/ sound which is a voiced alveolar fricative.

Character information
Preview ז ز ܙ
Unicode name HEBREW LETTER ZAYIN ARABIC LETTER ZAIN SYRIAC LETTER ZAIN SAMARITAN LETTER ZEN
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1494 U+05D6 1586 U+0632 1817 U+0719 2054 U+0806
UTF-8 215 150 D7 96 216 178 D8 B2 220 153 DC 99 224 160 134 E0 A0 86
Numeric character reference ז ז ز ز ܙ ܙ ࠆ ࠆ


Character information
Preview 𐎇 𐡆 𐤆
Unicode name UGARITIC LETTER ZETA IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER ZAYIN PHOENICIAN LETTER ZAI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 66439 U+10387 67654 U+10846 67846 U+10906
UTF-8 240 144 142 135 F0 90 8E 87 240 144 161 134 F0 90 A1 86 240 144 164 134 F0 90 A4 86
UTF-16 55296 57223 D800 DF87 55298 56390 D802 DC46 55298 56582 D802 DD06
Numeric character reference 𐎇 𐎇 𐡆 𐡆 𐤆 𐤆
Wikimedia Commons has media related toZayin (letter).

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Zayin
Zayin Language Watch Edit This article is about Semitic letter For other uses see Zayn This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Zayin news newspapers books scholar JSTOR August 2009 Learn how and when to remove this template message Zayin also spelled zain or zayn or simply zay is the seventh letter of the Semitic abjads including Phoenician Zayin Hebrew Zayin ז Yiddish Zoyen ז Aramaic Zain Syriac Zayn ܙ and Arabic Zayn or Zay ز It represents the sound z Waw Zayin Heth PhoenicianHebrewז AramaicSyriacܙArabicزPhonemic representationzPosition in alphabet7Numerical value7Alphabetic derivatives of the PhoenicianGreekZLatinZ Ʒ ẞCyrillicZ The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek zeta Z Etruscan z Latin Z and Cyrillic Ze Z Contents 1 Meaning 2 Arabic zay 2 1 Ze 3 Hebrew zayin 3 1 Significance 3 1 1 Numerical value gematria 3 1 2 Use in Torah scroll 3 1 3 Meaning as a noun 4 Syriac zain 5 Character encodings 6 See also 7 ReferencesMeaning EditThe Proto Sinaitic glyph may have been called ziqq based on a hieroglyph depicting a manacle 1 The Phoenician letter appears to be named after a sword or other weapon In Mishnaic Hebrew zayin זין means sword and the verb lezayen לזיין means to arm In Modern Hebrew slang zayin זין means penis and lezayen לזין is a vulgar term which generally means to perform sexual intercourse 2 3 although the older meaning survives in maavak mezuyan armed struggle מאבק מזוין kokhot mezuyanim armed forces כוחות מזוינים and beton mezuyan בטון מזוין armed i e reinforced concrete Arabic zay EditThe letter is named zay It has two forms depending on its position in the word Position in word Isolated Final Medial InitialGlyph form Help ز ـز ـز ز The similarity to raʼ ر is likely a function of the original Syriac forms converging to a single symbol requiring that one of them be distinguished as a dot a similar process occurred to jim and ḥaʼ The same letter has another name ze in a number of languages such as Persian Ze Edit Main article ژ It also has a modified version ژ Persian pronunciation ʒe which is used in Persian Pashto Kurdish Urdu and Uyghur see K ona Yezik Position in word Isolated Final Medial InitialGlyph form Help ژ ـژ ـژ ژ Hebrew zayin EditOrthographic variantsVarious print fonts Cursive Hebrew Rashi scriptSerif Sans serif Monospacedז ז ז In modern Hebrew the frequency of the usage of zayin out of all the letters is 0 88 Hebrew spelling ז י ן In modern Hebrew the combination ז zayin followed by a geresh is used in loanwords and foreign names to denote ʒ as in vision Significance Edit Numerical value gematria Edit In gematria zayin represents the number seven 4 and when used at the beginning of Hebrew years it means 7000 i e זתשנד in numbers would be the future date 7754 Use in Torah scroll Edit Zayin is also one of the seven letters which receive a special crown called a tagin when written in a Sefer Torah Torah scroll besides ʻayin gimel teth nun shin and tzadi Meaning as a noun Edit For the Mishnaic and Modern Hebrew meaning of zayin as a noun see above It is one of several Hebrew letters that have an additional meaning as a noun The others are bet ב the 2nd letter whose name is a grammatical form of the word for house בית vav ו the 6th letter whose name means hook וו kaf כ the 11th whose name means palm of the hand or tablespoon כף ʻayin ע the 16th whose name means eye עין pe פ the 17th whose name means mouth פה qof ק the 19th whose name means monkey or eye of needle קוף tav ת the 22nd whose name means mark תו and several other Hebrew letters whose names are ancient Hebrew forms of nouns still used with a slight change of form or pronunciation as nouns in modern Hebrew 5 Syriac zain EditZain is a consonant with the z sound which is a voiced alveolar fricative Character encodings EditCharacter information Preview ז ز ܙ ࠆUnicode name HEBREW LETTER ZAYIN ARABIC LETTER ZAIN SYRIAC LETTER ZAIN SAMARITAN LETTER ZENEncodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hexUnicode 1494 U 05D6 1586 U 0632 1817 U 0719 2054 U 0806UTF 8 215 150 D7 96 216 178 D8 B2 220 153 DC 99 224 160 134 E0 A0 86Numeric character reference amp 1494 wbr amp x5D6 wbr amp 1586 wbr amp x632 wbr amp 1817 wbr amp x719 wbr amp 2054 wbr amp x806 wbr Character information Preview 𐎇 𐡆 𐤆Unicode name UGARITIC LETTER ZETA IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER ZAYIN PHOENICIAN LETTER ZAIEncodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hexUnicode 66439 U 10387 67654 U 10846 67846 U 10906UTF 8 240 144 142 135 F0 90 8E 87 240 144 161 134 F0 90 A1 86 240 144 164 134 F0 90 A4 86UTF 16 55296 57223 D800 DF87 55298 56390 D802 DC46 55298 56582 D802 DD06Numeric character reference amp 66439 wbr amp x10387 wbr amp 67654 wbr amp x10846 wbr amp 67846 wbr amp x10906 wbr See also Editڤ Ve پ Pe گ Gaf چ CheReferences EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Zayin letter Brian E Colless Cuneiform Alphabet Definition of זין in Modern Hebrew Milon Morfix en Michael Handelzalts 15 October 2013 How a Hebrew letter came to mean both penis and weapon Haaretz Retrieved 11 November 2018 Gematria Chart Milon Morfix en links 1 and 4 are dead Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zayin amp oldid 1054047517, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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