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Ze (Cyrillic)

Not to be confused with the Arabic numeral 3, the letter Э, the letter yogh (Ȝ), or the letter ezh (Ʒ).
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(July 2016) ()

Ze (З з; italics:З з) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

Cyrillic letter Ze
Phonetic usage:[z]
Name:зємл҄ꙗ
Numeric value:7
Derived from:Greek letter Zeta (Ζ ζ)
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
Non-Slavic letters
Archaic letters

It commonly represents the voiced alveolar fricative/z/, like the pronunciation of ⟨z⟩ in "zebra".

Ze is romanized using the Latin letter ⟨z⟩.

The shape of Ze is very similar to the Arabic numeral three ⟨3⟩, and should not be confused with the Cyrillic letter E ⟨Э⟩.

Contents

Most[citation needed] Russian typewriters like this one were manufactured without the digit 3 as the letter Ze could be used instead.

Ze is derived from the Greek letter Zeta (Ζ ζ).

In the Early Cyrillic alphabet its name was землꙗ (zemlja), meaning "earth". The shape of the letter originally looked similar to a Greek or Latin letter Z with a tail on the bottom (). Though a majuscule form of this variant () is encoded in Unicode, historically it was only used as caseless or lowercase.

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Zemlja had a value of 7.

Medieval Cyrillic manuscripts and Church Slavonic printed books have two variant forms of the letter Zemlja: з and . Only the form was used in the oldest ustav (uncial) writing style; з appeared in the later poluustav (half-uncial) manuscripts and typescripts, where the two variants are found at proportions of about 1:1. Some early grammars tried to give a phonetic distinction to these forms (like palatalized vs. nonpalatalized sound), but the system had no further development. Ukrainian scribes and typographers began to regularly use З/з in an initial position, and otherwise (a system in use till the end of the 19th century). Russian scribes and typographers largely abandoned the widespread use of the variant in favor of з in the wake of Patriarch Nikon's reforms. They still used the older form mostly in the case of two З's in row: ЗꙀ (the system in use till the mid-18th century).

The civil (Petrine) script knows only one shape of the letter: З/з. However, shapes similar to Z/z can be used in certain stylish typefaces.

In calligraphy and in general handwritten text, lowercase з can be written either fully over the baseline (similar to the printed form) or with the lower half under the baseline and with the loop (for the Russian language, a standard shape since the middle of the 20th century).

The letter Ze may represent:

  • /z/, the voiced alveolar sibilant (Macedonian, Bulgarian, Bosnian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Russian, Ukrainian , Rusyn and Belarusian);
  • /zʲ/, if followed by ⟨ь⟩ or any of the palatalizing vowels, as in Russian зеркало[ˈzʲer.kə.ɫə] (“mirror”);
  • /s/, the voiceless alveolar sibilant (in final position or before voiceless consonants);
  • /sʲ/, if followed by ⟨ь⟩ in final position or before voiceless consonants;
  • /ʒ/ or/z̠/, (Iron dialect of Ossetian, but/z/ in Digoron and Kudairag);
  • clusters ⟨зж⟩ and ⟨зш⟩ are pronounced in Russian as if they were ⟨жж⟩ and ⟨шш⟩, respectively (even if ⟨з⟩ is the last letter of a preposition, like in Russian без жены “without wife” or из школы “from school”);
  • cluster ⟨зч⟩ (sometimes also ⟨здч⟩) is pronounced in Russian as if it was ⟨щ⟩ (рассказчик “narrator”, звёздчатый “stellar, star-shaped”, без чая “without tea”);
  • cluster ⟨дз⟩ can be pronounced (mostly in Ukrainian, Rusyn and Belarusian) as the voiced alveolar affricate/dz/ (Ukrainian дзеркало “mirror”) or its palatalized form/dzʲ/ (Belarusian гадзіннік “clock”), but if ⟨д⟩ and ⟨з⟩ belong to different morphemes, then they are pronounced separately. In the standard Iron dialect of Ossetian, this cluster simply stands for/z/; other dialects treat it as the affricate/d͡z/.
  • /t͡s/, the voiceless alveolar affricate in Mongolian.

Zhuang

A letter that looks like Cyrillic Ze (actually, a stylization of digit 3) was used in the Latin Zhuang alphabet from 1957 to 1986 to represent the third (high) tone. In 1986, it was replaced by ⟨j⟩.

Character information
Preview З з
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZEMLYA CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZEMLYA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1047 U+0417 1079 U+0437 42560 U+A640 42561 U+A641
UTF-8 208 151 D0 97 208 183 D0 B7 234 153 128 EA 99 80 234 153 129 EA 99 81
Numeric character reference З З з з Ꙁ Ꙁ ꙁ ꙁ
Named character reference З з
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 250 FA 218 DA
Code page 855 244 F4 243 F3
Code page 866 135 87 167 A7
Windows-1251 199 C7 231 E7
ISO-8859-5 183 B7 215 D7
Macintosh Cyrillic 135 87 231 E7
  • The dictionary definition of З at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of з at Wiktionary
  1. Ponomar Project. The Complete Character Range for Slavonic Script in Unicode.

Ze (Cyrillic)
Ze Cyrillic Language Watch Edit Not to be confused with the Arabic numeral 3 the letter E the letter yogh Ȝ or the letter ezh Ʒ This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Ze Cyrillic news newspapers books scholar JSTOR July 2016 Learn how and when to remove this template message Ze Z z italics Z z is a letter of the Cyrillic script Cyrillic letter ZePhonetic usage z Name zyeml ꙗNumeric value 7Derived from Greek letter Zeta Z z The Cyrillic scriptSlavic lettersABVGGDЂЃEЀYoYeZhZZ ЅIЍJIYiЈKLЉMNЊOŌPRSS TЋЌUӮЎFHCChЏShShYEYuYaNon Slavic lettersA A ӐA A A ӒӒ ӔӘӘ Ә ӚV ҒG G G ҔӺҒ ӶD D ӖE E Yo Ye ӁҖӜҘӞZ Z Z ԐԐ ӠӢI ҊӤI ҚӃҠҞҜK ԚӅԮԒӍӉҢԨӇҤO O O O O ӦӦ ӨӨ Ө Ө ӪҨԤR ҎҪS S T T ҬU ӰӰ ӲҮҮ ҰH H H H ҲӼӾҺҺ ԦҴҶӴӋҸҼҾY Y ӸҌE E E ӬӬ Ӭ Yu Yu Yu Yu Ya Ya Ya ԜӀArchaic lettersꙀꙂꙄꙆꙈҀѺOUꙊѠѼꙌѾꙎѢꙐꙒꙔꙖѤѦꙘѪꙚѨꙜѬѮѰѲѴѶԘꙞꙠꙢꙤꙦꙨꙪꙬꙮꚘꚚԀԔԖԠԢҦꚊꚀꚄꚌꚔꚎꚖꚂԂԄԈԊԌԎԆꚐꚈꚆꚒԞԪԬG G List of Cyrillic letters Cyrillic digraphsvte It commonly represents the voiced alveolar fricative z like the pronunciation of z in zebra Ze is romanized using the Latin letter z The shape of Ze is very similar to the Arabic numeral three 3 and should not be confused with the Cyrillic letter E E Contents 1 History and shape 2 Phonetic value 3 Z shaped Latin letters 3 1 Zhuang 4 Other related letters and similar characters 5 Computing codes 6 External links 7 ReferencesHistory and shape Edit Most citation needed Russian typewriters like this one were manufactured without the digit 3 as the letter Ze could be used instead Ze is derived from the Greek letter Zeta Z z In the Early Cyrillic alphabet its name was zemlꙗ zemlja meaning earth The shape of the letter originally looked similar to a Greek or Latin letter Z with a tail on the bottom ꙁ Though a majuscule form of this variant Ꙁ is encoded in Unicode historically it was only used as caseless or lowercase 1 In the Cyrillic numeral system Zemlja had a value of 7 Medieval Cyrillic manuscripts and Church Slavonic printed books have two variant forms of the letter Zemlja z and ꙁ Only the form ꙁ was used in the oldest ustav uncial writing style z appeared in the later poluustav half uncial manuscripts and typescripts where the two variants are found at proportions of about 1 1 1 Some early grammars tried to give a phonetic distinction to these forms like palatalized vs nonpalatalized sound but the system had no further development Ukrainian scribes and typographers began to regularly use Z z in an initial position and ꙁ otherwise a system in use till the end of the 19th century Russian scribes and typographers largely abandoned the widespread use of the variant ꙁ in favor of z in the wake of Patriarch Nikon s reforms 1 They still used the older form mostly in the case of two Z s in row ZꙀ the system in use till the mid 18th century The civil Petrine script knows only one shape of the letter Z z However shapes similar to Z z can be used in certain stylish typefaces In calligraphy and in general handwritten text lowercase z can be written either fully over the baseline similar to the printed form or with the lower half under the baseline and with the loop for the Russian language a standard shape since the middle of the 20th century Phonetic value EditThe letter Ze may represent z the voiced alveolar sibilant Macedonian Bulgarian Bosnian Serbian Montenegrin Russian Ukrainian Rusyn and Belarusian zʲ if followed by or any of the palatalizing vowels as in Russian zerkalo ˈzʲer ke ɫe mirror s the voiceless alveolar sibilant in final position or before voiceless consonants sʲ if followed by in final position or before voiceless consonants ʒ or z Iron dialect of Ossetian but z in Digoron and Kudairag clusters zzh and zsh are pronounced in Russian as if they were zhzh and shsh respectively even if z is the last letter of a preposition like in Russian bez zheny without wife or iz shkoly from school cluster zch sometimes also zdch is pronounced in Russian as if it was sh rasskazchik narrator zvyozdchatyj stellar star shaped bez chaya without tea cluster dz can be pronounced mostly in Ukrainian Rusyn and Belarusian as the voiced alveolar affricate dz Ukrainian dzerkalo mirror or its palatalized form dzʲ Belarusian gadzinnik clock but if d and z belong to different morphemes then they are pronounced separately In the standard Iron dialect of Ossetian this cluster simply stands for z other dialects treat it as the affricate d z t s the voiceless alveolar affricate in Mongolian Z shaped Latin letters EditZhuang Edit A letter that looks like Cyrillic Ze actually a stylization of digit 3 was used in the Latin Zhuang alphabet from 1957 to 1986 to represent the third high tone In 1986 it was replaced by j Other related letters and similar characters Edit3 Digit Three Z z Greek letter Zeta Z z Latin letter Z Ʒ ʒ Latin letter Ezh Ȝ ȝ Latin letter Yogh Ɜ ɜ Latin letter reversed open E Ҙ ҙ Cyrillic letter Dhe or Ze with descender Ӡ ӡ Cyrillic letter Abkhazian DzeComputing codes EditCharacter information Preview Z z Ꙁ ꙁUnicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZEMLYA CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZEMLYAEncodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hexUnicode 1047 U 0417 1079 U 0437 42560 U A640 42561 U A641UTF 8 208 151 D0 97 208 183 D0 B7 234 153 128 EA 99 80 234 153 129 EA 99 81Numeric character reference amp 1047 wbr amp x417 wbr amp 1079 wbr amp x437 wbr amp 42560 wbr amp xA640 wbr amp 42561 wbr amp xA641 wbr Named character reference amp Zcy amp zcy KOI8 R and KOI8 U 250 FA 218 DACode page 855 244 F4 243 F3Code page 866 135 87 167 A7Windows 1251 199 C7 231 E7ISO 8859 5 183 B7 215 D7Macintosh Cyrillic 135 87 231 E7External links Edit The dictionary definition of Z at Wiktionary The dictionary definition of z at WiktionaryReferences Edit a b c Ponomar Project The Complete Character Range for Slavonic Script in Unicode Retrieved from https en 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