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Zeno of Sidon

This article is about the Epicurean philosopher. For other uses, including many other philosophers, see Zeno.

Zeno of Sidon (Greek:Ζήνων ὁ Σιδώνιος; c. 150 – c. 75 BC) was a Greek Epicurean philosopher from the Seleucid city of Sidon. His writings have not survived, but there are some epitomes of his lectures preserved among the writings of his pupil Philodemus.

Contents

Zeno was born in the city of Sidon. He was a contemporary of Cicero, who heard him when at Athens.

He was sometimes termed the "leading Epicurean." (Latin: Coryphaeus Epicureorum) Cicero states that Zeno was contemptuous of other philosophers, and even called Socrates "the Attic Buffoon (scurram Atticum)." He was a disciple of Apollodorus, and Cicero and Diogenes Laërtius both describe him as an accurate and polished thinker.

Zeno held that happiness is not merely dependent upon present enjoyment and prosperity, but also on a reasonable expectation of their continuance and appreciation.

Zeno's writings have not survived, but among the charred papyrus remains at the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, there is an Epitome of Conduct and Character from the Lectures of Zeno written by his pupil Philodemus. It contains the essays On Frank Criticism and On Anger.

Zeno also studied the philosophy of mathematics based on the derivation of all knowledge from experience. He criticized Euclid, seeking to show that deductions from the fundamental principles (Koinē Greek:ἀρχαί) of geometry cannot, on their own, be proved:

[Some] admit the principles but deny that the propositions coming after the principles can be demonstrated unless they grant something that is not contained in the principles. This method of controversy was followed by Zeno of Sidon, who belonged to the school of Epicurus, and against whom Posidonius has written a whole book.

  1. Dorandi 1999, p. 52.
  2. "Zeno of Sidon | Greek philosopher". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved2021-09-15.
  3. Cicero, de Natura Deorum, i. 59 .
  4. Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, iii. 17.
  5. Cicero, de Natura Deorum, i. 93.
  6. Laërtius 1925b, § 26
  7. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Zeno of Sidon". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 972.
  8. Laërtius 1925, § 35
  9. PHerc. 1471
  10. PHerc. 182
  11. Proclus, ad I. Euclid. iii.

Zeno of Sidon
Zeno of Sidon Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article is about the Epicurean philosopher For other uses including many other philosophers see Zeno Zeno of Sidon Greek Zhnwn ὁ Sidwnios c 150 c 75 BC 1 was a Greek Epicurean philosopher 2 from the Seleucid city of Sidon His writings have not survived but there are some epitomes of his lectures preserved among the writings of his pupil Philodemus ZenonBornc 150 BC Sidon Coele Syria Seleucid EmpireDiedc 75 BC prob AthensEraHellenistic philosophyRegionWestern philosophySchoolEpicureanismMain interestsEthics mathematicsInfluences Epicurus ApollodorusInfluenced Philodemus Contents 1 Life 2 Philosophy 3 Notes 4 ReferencesLife EditZeno was born in the city of Sidon He was a contemporary of Cicero who heard him when at Athens 3 4 He was sometimes termed the leading Epicurean Latin Coryphaeus Epicureorum 3 Cicero states that Zeno was contemptuous of other philosophers and even called Socrates the Attic Buffoon scurram Atticum 5 He was a disciple of Apollodorus 6 and Cicero and Diogenes Laertius both describe him as an accurate and polished thinker 7 3 8 Philosophy EditZeno held that happiness is not merely dependent upon present enjoyment and prosperity but also on a reasonable expectation of their continuance and appreciation 7 4 Zeno s writings have not survived but among the charred papyrus remains at the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum there is an Epitome of Conduct and Character from the Lectures of Zeno written by his pupil Philodemus It contains the essays On Frank Criticism 9 and On Anger 10 Zeno also studied the philosophy of mathematics based on the derivation of all knowledge from experience He criticized Euclid seeking to show that deductions from the fundamental principles Koine Greek ἀrxai of geometry cannot on their own be proved Some admit the principles but deny that the propositions coming after the principles can be demonstrated unless they grant something that is not contained in the principles This method of controversy was followed by Zeno of Sidon who belonged to the school of Epicurus and against whom Posidonius has written a whole book 11 Notes Edit Dorandi 1999 p 52 Zeno of Sidon Greek philosopher Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2021 09 15 a b c Cicero de Natura Deorum i 59 a b Cicero Tusculan Disputations iii 17 Cicero de Natura Deorum i 93 Laertius 1925b 26 a b One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain Chisholm Hugh ed 1911 Zeno of Sidon Encyclopaedia Britannica 28 11th ed Cambridge University Press p 972 Laertius 1925 35 PHerc 1471 PHerc 182 Proclus ad I Euclid iii References EditDorandi Tiziano 1999 Chapter 2 Chronology In Algra Keimpe et al eds The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy Cambridge Cambridge University Press p 52 ISBN 9780521250283 Laertius Diogenes 1925 The Stoics Zeno Lives of the Eminent Philosophers 2 7 Translated by Hicks Robert Drew Two volume ed Loeb Classical Library 35 Laertius Diogenes 1925b Epicurus Lives of the Eminent Philosophers 2 10 Translated by Hicks Robert Drew Two volume ed Loeb Classical Library 26 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zeno of Sidon amp oldid 1044544916, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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